CN219851938U - Manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials - Google Patents

Manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219851938U
CN219851938U CN202321266360.7U CN202321266360U CN219851938U CN 219851938 U CN219851938 U CN 219851938U CN 202321266360 U CN202321266360 U CN 202321266360U CN 219851938 U CN219851938 U CN 219851938U
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Prior art keywords
clamping
manipulator
assembly
shell
raw materials
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CN202321266360.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈信延
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Zhejiang Beumo Automation Equipment Co ltd
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Zhejiang Beumo Automation Equipment Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

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Abstract

The utility model provides a manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials, wherein a clamping device of the manipulator can move forwards and backwards and can also move up and down, and the manipulator comprises a base; the transverse moving assembly is arranged on the base; the vertical moving assembly is arranged on the transverse moving assembly and is used for driving the vertical moving assembly to transversely move; the clamping device is arranged on the vertical moving assembly, and the vertical moving assembly is used for driving the clamping device to move vertically; the vertical moving assembly comprises a shell, a driving piece and a sliding plate vertically sliding on the shell, a containing cavity is formed in the shell, the driving piece is arranged in the containing cavity and drives the sliding plate to slide, and the sliding plate is connected with the clamping device.

Description

Manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of material conveying devices, in particular to a manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials.
Background
With the development of technology, the mechanical industry puts forward new mechanical strength requirements on mechanical parts, and two methods are generally adopted to improve the mechanical strength of the mechanical parts, namely, changing the material of the parts and changing the processing method of the parts. The red punching process applied by the red punching furnace is one of effective methods for improving the mechanical properties of parts by changing the processing method, is actually a hot extrusion process, has good development prospect and is widely applied; the specific processing method of the red punching process is that after brass rods or iron rods are heated to red, the brass rods or iron rods are placed into a hot punching die of a punch press to be extruded and molded at one time.
Currently, chinese patent publication No. CN209647438U discloses a manipulator for holding red punching raw materials, which comprises a positioning seat device and a moving mechanism arranged on the positioning seat device for moving the red punching raw materials; the moving mechanism comprises a positioning plate, a moving servo motor fixedly arranged on the positioning plate, a front sliding block seat and a rear sliding block seat which are perpendicular to the positioning plate are respectively fixedly arranged at the front end and the rear end of the outer side of the positioning plate, and at least one guide shaft is connected between the front sliding block seat and the rear sliding block seat; the guide shaft is connected with a sliding block in a sliding way, and a positioning cylinder is fixedly arranged on the sliding block; the positioning cylinder is driven by a servo motor to move back and forth; the end part of the positioning cylinder is provided with a clamping device for clamping the red punching raw material and a turnover mechanism for turning over the clamping device.
According to the technical scheme, the manipulator for clamping the red punching raw material is arranged, so that labor cost can be reduced, and construction efficiency can be improved; however, the manipulator can only move back and forth, but cannot move up and down, when the clamping device moves to the upper side of the die opening and releases the red punching raw material, the red punching is far away from the die opening and cannot enter the die opening accurately due to a certain height difference between the clamping device and the die opening, and even the red punching is likely to fall outside the die opening.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, an object of the present utility model is to provide a manipulator for holding red punching materials, in which a holding device can be moved up and down, and the red punching materials can be more accurately placed inside a die opening.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
a manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials comprises a base; further comprises:
the transverse moving assembly is arranged on the base;
the vertical moving assembly is arranged on the transverse moving assembly and is used for driving the vertical moving assembly to transversely move;
the clamping device is arranged on the vertical moving assembly, and the vertical moving assembly is used for driving the clamping device to move vertically;
the vertical moving assembly comprises a shell, a driving piece and a sliding plate vertically sliding on the shell, a containing cavity is formed in the shell, the driving piece is arranged in the containing cavity and drives the sliding plate to slide, and the sliding plate is connected with the clamping device.
Through the technical scheme, the clamping device can move back and forth under the drive of the transverse moving assembly, can also move up and down under the drive of the vertical moving assembly, and can enable red punching raw materials clamped by the clamping device to be fed into the die more accurately.
Preferably, the driving piece comprises a motor and a screw rod, the screw rod is rotatably arranged in the accommodating cavity, and the motor is arranged at the end part of the shell and drives the screw rod to rotate; the screw rod is in threaded connection with the sliding plate.
Through the technical scheme, the motor drives the screw rod to rotate, and the screw rod drives the sliding plate in threaded connection with the screw rod to slide along the length direction of the screw rod.
Preferably, the sliding plate comprises a connecting part and a sliding part, wherein the connecting part is arranged in the accommodating cavity and is in threaded connection with the screw rod, and the sliding part is arranged on the outer side of the shell and is in sliding connection with the shell.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the lead screw rotates and drives the connecting portion rather than threaded connection and remove, then slides portion and casing outside and slide, has restricted for the slip direction of slip board.
Preferably, the sliding part comprises a slot which is penetrated and arranged along the length direction of the sliding plate, the shell comprises a shell seat and a shell cover which is arranged on the shell seat, and the shell cover is penetrated and arranged in the slot.
Through the technical scheme, the shell cover is arranged in the slot in a penetrating way, and the sliding plate wraps the shell cover and slides, so that the sliding plate is connected with the shell more firmly.
Preferably, the clamping device comprises a gear box, a connecting rod is transversely arranged at the output end of the gear box along the output end of the gear box, a clamping assembly is arranged at one end, far away from the gear box, of the connecting rod, a turnover assembly is further arranged on the gear box and connected with the connecting rod, and the turnover assembly is used for driving the connecting rod to rotate and driving the clamping assembly to turn over.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, clamping assembly is used for the centre gripping red raw materials that dashes, but because the structural shape of red raw materials that dashes is different, so can make clamping assembly overturn through the upset subassembly to this is the red raw materials that dashes of different shapes (long material and flat material).
Preferably, the clamping assembly comprises a clamping cylinder, a clamping shaft and a manipulator assembly, and the clamping cylinder is fixedly arranged at the left input end of the gear box;
the clamping shaft is movably arranged in the connecting rod in a penetrating mode, one end of the clamping shaft is connected with the clamping cylinder, the other end of the clamping shaft is connected with the manipulator assembly, and the manipulator assembly drives the clamping shaft to clamp or place red punching raw materials through the clamping cylinder.
Through the technical scheme, the clamping cylinder drives the clamping shaft and then drives the manipulator assembly to operate, so that the manipulator assembly clamps or places red punching raw materials.
Preferably, the turnover assembly comprises a turnover cylinder, a gear and a rack, wherein the gear is fixedly arranged on the connecting rod and positioned in the gear box, the turnover cylinder is arranged at the upper side input end of the gear box, the output end of the turnover cylinder penetrates through the gear box and is connected with the rack, and the gear is meshed with the rack.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, upset cylinder drives the rack and removes, and the rack drives the gear and rotates to make the connecting rod with gear fixed connection take place to rotate, and then drive clamping assembly and overturn.
Preferably, the automatic feeding device is further provided with a receiving assembly, the receiving assembly comprises an extension rod and a receiving hopper, one end of the extension rod is connected with the output end of the gear box, and the other end of the extension rod is connected with the receiving hopper.
Through the technical scheme, after the product is pressed and formed, the product is taken off from the upper die, and the taken-off product is guided out through the receiving hopper, so that next-stroke pressing is performed.
Preferably, a spraying component is further arranged on one side, close to the receiving hopper, of the extension rod.
Through the technical scheme, the upper die and the lower die are sprayed during demolding, so that the formed red die is convenient to separate from the die cavity.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a vertical movement assembly;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a connection structure between a sliding plate and a cover;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a slip plate;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of a clamping device.
Reference numerals: 1. a base; 2. a lateral movement assembly; 3. a vertical movement assembly; 31. a housing; 311. a housing base; 312. a cover; 313. a receiving chamber; 32. a driving member; 321. a motor; 322. a screw rod; 33. a slip plate; 331. a connection part; 332. a sliding part; 333. a slot; 4. a clamping device; 5. a gear box; 6. a connecting rod; 7. a clamping assembly; 71. a clamping cylinder; 72. a clamping shaft; 73. a manipulator assembly; 8. a flip assembly; 81. a turnover cylinder; 82. a gear; 83. a rack; 9. a receiving hopper assembly; 91. an extension rod; 92. a receiving hopper; 10. a spray assembly.
Description of the embodiments
The following detailed description of the utility model is provided in connection with the accompanying drawings to facilitate understanding and grasping of the technical scheme of the utility model.
Referring to fig. 1, a robot for holding red punching raw materials includes a base 1; further comprises: the transverse moving assembly 2 is arranged on the base 1; the vertical moving assembly 3 is arranged on the transverse moving assembly 2, and the transverse moving assembly 2 is used for driving the vertical moving assembly 3 to transversely move; the clamping device 4, the clamping device 4 sets up on vertical movement subassembly 3, and vertical movement subassembly 3 is used for driving clamping device 4 vertical movement. The clamping device 4 can not only move back and forth under the drive of the transverse moving assembly 2, but also move up and down under the drive of the vertical moving assembly 3, so that the red punching raw material clamped by the clamping device 4 can be more accurately fed into the die.
Referring to fig. 2, specifically, the vertical moving assembly 3 includes a housing 31, a driving member 32, and a sliding plate 33 vertically slidably disposed on the housing 31, a housing cavity 313 is formed in the housing 31, the driving member 32 is partially disposed in the housing cavity 313 and drives the sliding plate 33 to slide, and the sliding plate 33 is connected to the clamping device 4. The driving piece 32 comprises a motor 321 and a screw rod 322, the screw rod 322 is rotatably arranged in the accommodating cavity 313, and the motor 321 is arranged at the end part of the shell 31 and drives the screw rod 322 to rotate; the screw 322 is screw-coupled with the slip plate 33. The motor 321 drives the screw rod 322 to rotate, the screw rod 322 drives the sliding plate 33 in threaded connection with the screw rod 322 to slide along the length direction of the screw rod 322, and then the sliding plate 33 drives the clamping device 4 connected to the sliding plate to slide. The sliding plate 33 includes a connection portion 331 and a sliding portion 332, the connection portion 331 is disposed in the accommodating cavity 313 and is in threaded connection with the screw rod 322, and the sliding portion 332 is partially disposed outside the housing 31 and is in sliding connection with the housing 31. The screw rod 322 rotates to drive the connecting part 331 in threaded connection with the screw rod to move, and then the sliding part 332 slides with the outer side of the shell 31, so that the sliding direction of the sliding plate 33 is limited.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the sliding portion 332 includes a slot 333 penetrating along the length direction of the sliding plate 33, and the housing 31 includes a housing seat 311 and a housing cover 312 disposed on the housing seat 311, where the housing cover 312 penetrates into the slot 333. The shell cover 312 is inserted into the slot 333, and the sliding plate 33 wraps the shell cover 312 and slides, so that the sliding plate 33 and the shell 31 are more firmly connected. Wherein, the motor 321 is a servo motor 321; the structure of the transverse moving assembly 2 is identical to that of the vertical moving assembly 3, and the placing angles are different; the clamping device 4 is controlled to move back and forth and move up and down through the servo motor 321, so that more accurate control can be realized, and errors are reduced.
Referring to fig. 5, the clamping device 4 includes a gear box 5, a connecting rod 6 is transversely arranged at an output end of the gear box 5 along the output end, a clamping assembly 7 is arranged at one end, far away from the gear box 5, of the connecting rod 6, a turning assembly 8 is further arranged at an input end of the gear box 5, the turning assembly 8 is connected with the connecting rod 6, and the turning assembly 8 is used for driving the connecting rod 6 to rotate and driving the clamping assembly 7 to turn. The clamping component 7 is used for clamping red punching raw materials, but due to different structural shapes of the red punching raw materials, the clamping component 7 can be turned over by the turning component 8 so as to clamp the red punching raw materials (long materials and flat materials) with different shapes
The clamping assembly 7 comprises a clamping cylinder 71, a clamping shaft 72 and a manipulator assembly 73, and the clamping cylinder 71 is fixedly arranged on the left output end of the gear box 5; the clamping shaft 72 is movably arranged in the connecting rod 6 in a penetrating mode, one end of the clamping shaft 72 is connected with the clamping cylinder 71, the other end of the clamping shaft 72 is connected with the manipulator assembly 73, and the manipulator assembly 73 drives the clamping shaft 72 to clamp or place red punching raw materials through the clamping cylinder 71. The clamping cylinder 71 stretches and contracts through stretching and retracting to drive the clamping shaft 72, and then the clamping shaft 72 drives the manipulator assembly 73 to operate, so that the manipulator assembly 73 clamps or places red punching raw materials.
The manipulator assembly 73 comprises a clamping seat and a clamping mechanism arranged in the clamping seat, wherein the clamping mechanism comprises a left clamping head and a right clamping head which is arranged opposite to the left clamping head; the left clamping head is connected with a left clamping block; the right clamping head is connected with a clamping plate, and the clamping plate is connected with a right clamping block; a bearing is rotatably connected between the left clamping block and the right clamping block, wherein the left clamping block is connected with a clamping shaft 72; an external gear 82 is formed on the outer side of the bearing, and a left rack 83 and a right rack 83 engaged with the external gear 82 are formed on the inner sides of the left and right clamping blocks, respectively. Through the setting of bearing, realize the slip of left grip block and right grip block, improved the flexibility and the convenience that left chuck and right chuck are used for centre gripping red towards the raw materials, simultaneously, left rack 83 and right rack 83 that set up on left grip block and the right grip block are formed with external gear 82 with the bearing outside and mesh, have further improved the stability and the security that left chuck and right chuck are used for centre gripping red towards the raw materials.
The turnover assembly 8 comprises a turnover cylinder 81, a gear 82 and a rack 83, wherein the gear 82 is fixedly arranged on the connecting rod 6 and is positioned in the gear box 5, the turnover cylinder 81 is arranged at the upper side input end of the gear box 5, the output end of the turnover cylinder 81 penetrates through the gear box 5 and is connected with the rack 83, and the gear 82 is meshed with the rack 83. The overturning cylinder 81 drives the rack 83 to move up and down, and the rack 83 drives the gear 82 to rotate, so that the connecting rod 6 fixedly connected with the gear 82 rotates, and the clamping assembly 7 is driven to overturn.
In addition, still be provided with and connect the material subassembly, connect the material subassembly and include extension rod 91 and connect hopper 92, the one end of extension rod 91 is connected with the output of gear box 5, and the other end of extension rod 91 is connected with connect hopper 92. After the product is pressed, the product is released from the upper die, and the released product can be guided out through the receiving hopper 92, so that the next pressing is performed. The side of the extension rod 91 adjacent to the receiving hopper 92 is also provided with a spray assembly 10. Spraying is carried out when the upper die and the lower die are demolded, so that the red stamping die formed by processing is convenient to separate from the die cavity.
Of course, the above is only a typical example of the utility model, and other embodiments of the utility model are also possible, and all technical solutions formed by equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation fall within the scope of the utility model claimed.

Claims (9)

1. A manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials comprises a base (1); the method is characterized in that: further comprises:
the transverse moving assembly (2) is arranged on the base (1);
the vertical moving assembly (3), the vertical moving assembly (3) is arranged on the transverse moving assembly (2), and the transverse moving assembly (2) is used for driving the vertical moving assembly (3) to transversely move;
the clamping device (4) is arranged on the vertical moving assembly (3), and the vertical moving assembly (3) is used for driving the clamping device (4) to move vertically;
the vertical moving assembly (3) comprises a shell (31), a driving piece (32) and a sliding plate (33) vertically sliding on the shell (31), a containing cavity (313) is formed in the shell (31), the driving piece (32) is partially arranged in the containing cavity (313) and drives the sliding plate (33) to slide, and the sliding plate (33) is connected with the clamping device (4).
2. The manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials according to claim 1, wherein the manipulator is characterized in that: the driving piece (32) comprises a motor (321) and a screw rod (322), the screw rod (322) is rotatably arranged in the accommodating cavity (313), and the motor (321) is arranged at the end part of the shell (31) and drives the screw rod (322) to rotate; the screw rod (322) is in threaded connection with the sliding plate (33).
3. The manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials according to claim 2, wherein: the sliding plate (33) comprises a connecting portion (331) and a sliding portion (332), the connecting portion (331) is arranged in the accommodating cavity (313) and is in threaded connection with the screw rod (322), and the sliding portion (332) is partially arranged on the outer side of the shell (31) and is in sliding connection with the shell (31).
4. A manipulator for holding red punching materials according to claim 3, characterized in that: the sliding part (332) comprises a slot (333) penetrating through the sliding plate (33) in the length direction, the shell (31) comprises a shell seat (311) and a shell cover (312) arranged on the shell seat (311), and the shell cover (312) penetrates through the slot (333).
5. The manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials according to claim 1, wherein the manipulator is characterized in that: clamping device (4) are including gear box (5), the output of gear box (5) is provided with connecting rod (6) along its transversely, the one end that gear box (5) was kept away from to connecting rod (6) is provided with clamping assembly (7), the input of gear box (5) still is provided with upset subassembly (8), upset subassembly (8) are connected with connecting rod (6), just upset subassembly (8) are used for driving connecting rod (6) rotation and drive clamping assembly (7) upset.
6. The manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials according to claim 5, wherein: the clamping assembly (7) comprises a clamping cylinder (71), a clamping shaft (72) and a manipulator assembly (73), wherein the clamping cylinder (71) is fixedly arranged at the left input end of the gear box (5);
the clamping shaft (72) is movably arranged in the connecting rod (6) in a penetrating mode, one end of the clamping shaft (72) is connected with the clamping cylinder (71), the other end of the clamping shaft (72) is connected with the manipulator assembly (73), and the manipulator assembly (73) drives the clamping shaft (72) to clamp or place red punching raw materials through the clamping cylinder (71).
7. The manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials according to claim 5, wherein: the turnover assembly (8) comprises a turnover cylinder (81), a gear (82) and a rack (83), wherein the gear (82) is fixedly arranged on the connecting rod (6) and located in the gear box (5), the turnover cylinder (81) is arranged at the upper side input end of the gear box (5), the output end of the turnover cylinder (81) penetrates through the gear box (5) and is connected with the rack (83), and the gear (82) is meshed with the rack (83).
8. The manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials according to claim 5, wherein: still be provided with and connect the material subassembly, connect the material subassembly to include extension rod (91) and connect hopper (92), the one end of extension rod (91) is connected with the output of gear box (5), the other end of extension rod (91) is connected with connecing hopper (92).
9. The manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials according to claim 8, wherein: and a spraying component (10) is further arranged on one side of the extension rod (91) close to the receiving hopper (92).
CN202321266360.7U 2023-05-23 2023-05-23 Manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials Active CN219851938U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321266360.7U CN219851938U (en) 2023-05-23 2023-05-23 Manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321266360.7U CN219851938U (en) 2023-05-23 2023-05-23 Manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219851938U true CN219851938U (en) 2023-10-20

Family

ID=88368188

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321266360.7U Active CN219851938U (en) 2023-05-23 2023-05-23 Manipulator for clamping red punching raw materials

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219851938U (en)

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