CN219426199U - Automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism - Google Patents

Automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219426199U
CN219426199U CN202320066562.0U CN202320066562U CN219426199U CN 219426199 U CN219426199 U CN 219426199U CN 202320066562 U CN202320066562 U CN 202320066562U CN 219426199 U CN219426199 U CN 219426199U
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China
Prior art keywords
clamping
positioning
lateral
workpiece
automatic positioning
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CN202320066562.0U
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雷华
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Mantall Heavy Industry Co ltd
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Mantall Heavy Industry Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of machining, and discloses an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism, which comprises the following components: the clamping device comprises a workbench and clamping frames, wherein supporting plates are arranged on two sides of the workbench, a bottom plate is connected to the top of an X-axis linear motor in a sliding mode, the clamping frames are arranged on the top of the bottom plate, a vertical plate is arranged on one side of each clamping frame, and clamping cylinders are arranged on the lower half portion of one side of each clamping frame.

Description

Automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism.
Background
Automation technology is widely used in industry, agriculture, military, scientific research, transportation, commerce, medical, services, and households. By adopting the automation technology, people can be liberated from heavy physical labor, partial mental labor and severe and dangerous working environments, and the organ functions of the people can be expanded, so that the labor productivity is greatly improved.
In automatic processing equipment, workpiece jig is indispensable part, faces different processing environment and processing work piece, and the unified specification's of prior art tool has hardly satisfied the user demand of different producer.
The publication number is: the Chinese patent of CN103894851B discloses a lateral positioning automatic clamping device and a using method thereof, wherein the lateral positioning automatic clamping device comprises a table top, a connecting block, a positioning head, a transmission assembly, a supporting assembly, a first driving assembly and a second driving assembly, the positioning head is connected with the connecting block, the transmission assembly is respectively connected with the connecting block and the first driving assembly, the first driving assembly can drive the connecting block to move left and right through the transmission assembly, the second driving assembly can enable the connecting block to bear downward acting force, the supporting assembly is arranged on the table top, and the top surface of the supporting assembly is contacted with the bottom surface of the connecting block. Compared with the prior art, the automatic lateral positioning clamping device controls the whole movement process in a solenoid valve pneumatic mode to automatically position and clamp the workpiece, so that positioning errors caused by repeated clamping can be avoided, the manufacturing and positioning precision of products can be improved, the workpiece clamping time can be shortened, the processing period can be shortened, the labor intensity of operators can be reduced, and the production efficiency can be improved.
However, when the lateral positioning clamping is performed on the workpiece, the position of the clamping mechanism is difficult to adjust according to the size and shape of the workpiece, the applicability is poor, and when the workpiece is clamped, the clamping block is not in contact with the workpiece in place when the surface of the workpiece is uneven, so that the clamping block is easy to slip from the workpiece, and the subsequent processing is affected.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to provide an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism, which solves the problems that the existing clamping mechanism provided in the background art is poor in applicability, and the clamping block is not contacted with a workpiece in place, so that the clamping block is easy to slip from the workpiece, and the subsequent processing is affected.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present utility model provides the following technical solutions: an automatic positioning, lateral clamping mechanism comprising: workstation and clamping frame, the workstation both sides are equipped with the backup pad, the backup pad top is equipped with Z axle linear motor, Z axle linear motor one side sliding connection has Y axle linear motor, Y axle linear motor top sliding connection has X axle linear motor, X axle linear motor top sliding connection has the bottom plate, the bottom plate top is equipped with clamping frame, clamping frame one side is equipped with the riser, clamping frame one side lower half is equipped with the clamping cylinder, clamping cylinder one end is located riser one side and is equipped with splint, one side is equipped with the clamping seat on the splint, clamping seat one side is equipped with clamping locating wheel.
Preferably, a chute is arranged at the installation position of the clamping seat on one side of the clamping plate, the chute is vertically arranged, and the clamping seat is fixedly connected to the chute through a screw.
Preferably, the clamping seat is L-shaped, an adjusting groove is formed in the clamping seat and located at the installation position of the clamping positioning wheel, and the clamping positioning wheel is fixed inside the adjusting groove through a screw.
Preferably, the clamping and positioning wheels comprise an upper clamping and positioning wheel and a lower clamping and positioning wheel, and the peripheral outlines of the upper clamping and positioning wheel and the lower clamping and positioning wheel protrude out of the clamping seat.
Preferably, one end of the piston rod of the clamping cylinder penetrates through the vertical plate, a pushing plate is arranged at one end of the piston rod of the clamping cylinder, the pushing plate is fixedly connected with the clamping plate, and a cavity for accommodating the pushing plate is formed in the vertical plate.
Preferably, a locating sleeve is arranged on one side of the clamping frame and positioned on the outer side of the piston rod of the clamping cylinder.
Preferably, limiting blocks for preventing detachment are arranged at two ends of the Z-axis linear motor, the Y-axis linear motor and the X-axis linear motor.
Preferably, the peripheral outer walls of the upper clamping and positioning wheel and the lower clamping and positioning wheel are provided with anti-slip cushions.
Preferably, a weight reducing groove is formed in the middle of the clamping frame.
The application method of the automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism comprises the following steps:
step 1: according to the height of the workpiece, the clamping seat with the clamping and positioning wheels is fixed on the sliding groove through the screw, so that the upper clamping and positioning wheels are positioned at the upper half part of the workpiece, and the lower clamping and positioning wheels are positioned. The workpiece is positioned at the lower half part of the workpiece;
step 2: the workpiece is hoisted and placed at the top of the workbench through the crane, so that the workpiece is positioned between clamping plates at two sides;
step 3: starting an X-axis linear motor, a Y-axis linear motor and a Z-axis linear motor on two sides of a workpiece to push the workpiece, so that one side of the workpiece is aligned with a positioning plate on a workbench, and automatic positioning of the workpiece is realized;
step 4: and starting the clamping cylinder, and driving the clamping plate to move to one side of the workpiece through the clamping cylinder, so that the clamping positioning wheel is abutted against the side wall of the workpiece, and the lateral clamping of the workpiece is realized.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
according to the utility model, through the arranged workbench, the clamping cylinder and the clamping positioning wheel, when the automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism is used, the clamping seat with the clamping positioning wheel is fixed on the chute through the screw according to the height of the workpiece, so that the upper clamping positioning wheel is positioned at the upper half part of the workpiece, and the lower clamping positioning wheel is positioned. The workpiece is positioned at the lower half part of the workpiece; the workpiece is hoisted and placed at the top of the workbench through the crane, so that the workpiece is positioned between clamping plates at two sides; starting an X-axis linear motor, a Y-axis linear motor and a Z-axis linear motor on two sides of a workpiece to push the workpiece, so that one side of the workpiece is aligned with a positioning plate on a workbench, and automatic positioning of the workpiece is realized; the clamping cylinder is started, the clamping plate is driven to move to one side of the workpiece through the clamping cylinder, the clamping positioning wheels are abutted against the side wall of the workpiece, lateral clamping of the workpiece is achieved, the whole device is used for clamping workpieces of different sizes and shapes through three-axis linkage of the X-axis linear motor, the Y-axis linear motor and the Z-axis linear motor, the clamping cylinder is matched, the clamping cylinder is suitable for clamping the workpieces, the application range is wider, in addition, when the workpieces are clamped, the height of the clamping positioning wheels is adjusted according to the shape of the workpieces, the positions between the clamping positioning wheels and the workpieces are finely adjusted through the adjusting grooves, when the workpieces are laterally clamped, the clamping positioning wheels and the workpieces are effectively contacted, under the pressure action of the clamping cylinder, effective clamping force can be provided between the clamping positioning wheels and the workpieces, the workpiece clamping is guaranteed to be firm and firm, and the workpieces are prevented from moving in the machining process.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism of the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of another view of an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism of the present utility model;
FIG. 3 is a front view of an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism of the present utility model;
FIG. 4 is a left side view of an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism of the present utility model;
FIG. 5 is a top view of an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism of the present utility model;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a clamping seat attachment structure of an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism according to the present utility model;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a cleat attachment structure of an automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism of the present utility model.
In the figure: 1-a workbench; 2-supporting plates; 3-Z axis linear motor; 4-Y axis linear motor; a 5-X axis linear motor; 6-a bottom plate; 7-clamping the frame; 8-vertical plates; 9-clamping a cylinder; 10-clamping plates; 11-a chute; 12-clamping base; 13-upper clamping positioning wheels; 14-lower clamping positioning wheels; 15-positioning sleeves; 16-an adjusting groove; 17-push plate.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments.
Embodiment one: referring to fig. 1 to 7, the present utility model provides a technical solution: an automatic positioning, lateral clamping mechanism comprising: work table 1 and clamping frame 7, work table 1 both sides welding has backup pad 2, there is Z axle linear electric motor 3 backup pad 2 top through the screw connection, Z axle linear electric motor 3 one side sliding connection has Y axle linear electric motor 4, Y axle linear electric motor 4 top sliding connection has X axle linear electric motor 5, X axle linear electric motor 5 top sliding connection has bottom plate 6, bottom plate 6 top welding has clamping frame 7, clamping frame 7 one side welding has riser 8, clamping frame 7 one side lower half has clamping cylinder 9 through the screw connection, clamping cylinder 9 one end is located riser 8 one side and is equipped with splint 10, there is clamping seat 12 on splint 10 upper side through the screw connection, clamping seat 12 one side is equipped with clamping positioning wheel.
The clamping plate 10 one side is located the clamping seat 12 installation position and is equipped with spout 11, and spout 11 is vertical arranging, and clamping seat 12 passes through screw fixed connection on spout 11, through spout 11 cooperation screw's fixed for the staff can be according to the height of work piece, the quantity and the height of the clamping seat 12 of free adjustment, is convenient for press from both sides the work piece of different height.
The clamping seat 12 is L-shaped, the adjusting groove 16 is formed in the mounting part of the clamping positioning wheel on the clamping seat 12, the clamping positioning wheel is fixed in the adjusting groove 16 through a screw, the position of the clamping positioning wheel in the adjusting groove 16 is conveniently adjusted through the screw, the length of the clamping positioning wheel protruding out of the clamping seat 12 is adjusted, and therefore the surface of a workpiece is uneven, and the clamping positioning wheel can be in contact clamping with the surface of the workpiece.
The clamping and positioning wheels comprise an upper clamping and positioning wheel 13 and a lower clamping and positioning wheel 14, and the peripheral outlines of the upper clamping and positioning wheel 13 and the lower clamping and positioning wheel 14 protrude out of the clamping seat 12, so that the clamping and positioning wheels can be in contact with a workpiece.
The vertical plate 8 is passed to clamping cylinder 9 piston rod one end, and clamping cylinder 9 piston rod one end is equipped with push pedal 17, and push pedal 17 and splint 10 fixed connection, and the inside cavity that holds push pedal 17 that is equipped with of vertical plate 8 drives push pedal 17 through clamping cylinder 9 and removes to drive splint 10 and remove, when clamping cylinder 9 returns to the normal position, hide holding push pedal 17 through the cavity, the splint 10 of being convenient for laminate with vertical plate 8, improve the whole uniformity of whole mechanism.
A positioning sleeve 15 is arranged on one side of the clamping frame 7 and positioned on the outer side of a piston rod of the clamping cylinder 9, and is used for guiding the extension and retraction of the clamping cylinder 9.
The two ends of the Z-axis linear motor 3, the Y-axis linear motor 4 and the X-axis linear motor 5 are respectively provided with a limiting block used for preventing separation, so that the linear motors are prevented from separating from the track, and the triaxial movement is ensured to be safe and stable.
The circumferential outer walls of the upper clamping and positioning wheel 13 and the lower clamping and positioning wheel 14 are provided with anti-slip soft cushions, and the anti-slip soft cushions generate elastic deformation after being pressed, so that the contact between the clamping and positioning wheel 13 and a workpiece is changed from line contact to surface contact, the contact area is increased, and the clamping stability is improved.
The middle part of the clamping frame 7 is provided with a weight reducing groove for the light weight and stability of the whole mechanism.
When the automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism is used, the clamping seat 12 with the clamping positioning wheels is fixed on the chute 11 through screws according to the height of a workpiece, so that the upper clamping positioning wheel 13 is positioned at the upper half part of the workpiece, and the lower clamping positioning wheel 14. The workpiece is positioned at the lower half part of the workpiece; the workpiece is hoisted and placed on the top of the workbench 1 through the crane, so that the workpiece is positioned between the clamping plates 10 on two sides; starting an X-axis linear motor 5, a Y-axis linear motor 4 and a Z-axis linear motor 3 on two sides of a workpiece to push the workpiece, so that one side of the workpiece is aligned with a positioning plate on a workbench, and automatic positioning of the workpiece is realized; the clamping cylinder 9 is started, the clamping plate 10 is driven to move to one side of a workpiece through the clamping cylinder 9, so that the clamping positioning wheels are abutted against the side wall of the workpiece, lateral clamping of the workpiece is achieved, the whole device is matched with the clamping of the clamping cylinder 9 through the three-axis linkage of the X-axis linear motor 5, the Y-axis linear motor 4 and the Z-axis linear motor 3, the clamping cylinder is suitable for clamping workpieces of different sizes and shapes, the application range is wider, in addition, when the workpieces are clamped, the height of the clamping positioning wheels is adjusted according to the shapes of the workpieces, the positions between the clamping positioning wheels and the workpieces are finely adjusted through the adjusting grooves 16, the clamping positioning wheels and the workpieces are guaranteed to be in effective contact when the workpieces are laterally clamped, the clamping positioning wheels and the workpieces can provide effective clamping force under the pressure action of the clamping cylinder 9, the workpiece clamping is guaranteed to be firm, and the workpieces are prevented from moving in the machining process.
Embodiment two: the application method of the automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism comprises the following steps:
step 1: according to the height of the workpiece, the clamping seat 12 with the clamping and positioning wheels is fixed on the chute 11 through screws, so that the upper clamping and positioning wheel 13 is positioned at the upper half part of the workpiece, and the lower clamping and positioning wheel 14. The workpiece is positioned at the lower half part of the workpiece;
step 2: the workpiece is hoisted and placed on the top of the workbench 1 through the crane, so that the workpiece is positioned between the clamping plates 10 on two sides;
step 3: starting an X-axis linear motor 5, a Y-axis linear motor 4 and a Z-axis linear motor 3 on two sides of a workpiece to push the workpiece, so that one side of the workpiece is aligned with a positioning plate on a workbench, and automatic positioning of the workpiece is realized;
step 4: the clamping cylinder 9 is started, and the clamping plate 10 is driven to move to one side of the workpiece through the clamping cylinder 9, so that the clamping positioning wheel is abutted against the side wall of the workpiece, and the lateral clamping of the workpiece is realized.
All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the utility model without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. An automatic positioning, lateral clamping mechanism comprising: workstation (1) and clamping frame (7), its characterized in that: the utility model discloses a workbench, including work platform (1), backup pad (2) top is equipped with Z axle linear electric motor (3), Z axle linear electric motor (3) one side sliding connection has Y axle linear electric motor (4), Y axle linear electric motor (4) top sliding connection has X axle linear electric motor (5), X axle linear electric motor (5) top sliding connection has bottom plate (6), bottom plate (6) top is equipped with clamping frame (7), clamping frame (7) one side is equipped with riser (8), clamping frame (7) one side lower half is equipped with clamping cylinder (9), clamping cylinder (9) one end is located riser (8) one side and is equipped with splint (10), one side is equipped with clamping seat (12) on splint (10), clamping seat (12) one side is equipped with clamping positioning wheel.
2. An automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the clamping plate (10) is characterized in that a chute (11) is arranged at the installation position of the clamping seat (12), the chute (11) is vertically arranged, and the clamping seat (12) is fixedly connected to the chute (11) through a screw.
3. An automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism according to claim 2, wherein: the clamping seat (12) is L-shaped, an adjusting groove (16) is formed in the clamping seat (12) and located at the installation position of the clamping and positioning wheel, and the clamping and positioning wheel is fixed inside the adjusting groove (16) through a screw.
4. An automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the clamping and positioning wheels comprise an upper clamping and positioning wheel (13) and a lower clamping and positioning wheel (14), and the peripheral outlines of the upper clamping and positioning wheel (13) and the lower clamping and positioning wheel (14) are protruded out of the clamping seat (12).
5. An automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the clamping cylinder (9) piston rod one end passes riser (8), clamping cylinder (9) piston rod one end is equipped with push pedal (17), push pedal (17) and splint (10) fixed connection, riser (8) inside is equipped with the cavity that holds push pedal (17).
6. An automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism according to claim 5, wherein: one side of the clamping frame (7) is positioned at the outer side of a piston rod of the clamping cylinder (9) and is provided with a positioning sleeve (15).
7. An automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: limiting blocks for preventing separation are arranged at two ends of the Z-axis linear motor (3), the Y-axis linear motor (4) and the X-axis linear motor (5).
8. An automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism according to claim 4, wherein: the peripheral outer walls of the upper clamping and positioning wheel (13) and the lower clamping and positioning wheel (14) are provided with anti-slip soft cushions.
9. An automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the middle part of the clamping frame (7) is provided with a weight reducing groove.
CN202320066562.0U 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 Automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism Active CN219426199U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320066562.0U CN219426199U (en) 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 Automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320066562.0U CN219426199U (en) 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 Automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219426199U true CN219426199U (en) 2023-07-28

Family

ID=87332054

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202320066562.0U Active CN219426199U (en) 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 Automatic positioning and lateral clamping mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219426199U (en)

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