CN217526695U - Water-sand separating device - Google Patents

Water-sand separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217526695U
CN217526695U CN202221038999.5U CN202221038999U CN217526695U CN 217526695 U CN217526695 U CN 217526695U CN 202221038999 U CN202221038999 U CN 202221038999U CN 217526695 U CN217526695 U CN 217526695U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sand
inner pipe
shell
side wall
pipe
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202221038999.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
步佳李
易旻旻
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Hohai University HHU
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Hohai University HHU
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Priority to CN202221038999.5U priority Critical patent/CN217526695U/en
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Publication of CN217526695U publication Critical patent/CN217526695U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a water-sand separating device, which comprises a sand basin, wherein a shell is arranged above the sand basin, a water outlet pipe is arranged at the lower part of the outer side wall of the shell, supporting legs are arranged below the shell, and the supporting legs are fixed on the sand basin; an inner tube is arranged in the shell, and the upper end and the lower end of the inner tube extend out of the shell and are fixedly connected with a top plate and a bottom plate of the shell; the part of the side wall of the inner pipe, which is positioned in the shell, is provided with a plurality of water leakage holes, the side wall of the inner pipe is provided with the part of the water leakage holes, the inner side wall of the inner pipe is provided with a filter screen, and the filter screen is detachably connected with the inner side wall of the inner pipe; the upper end of the inner pipe is connected with the water inlet pipe, and the lower end of the inner pipe is provided with a sand stopper; a lifting component which can enable the sand stopper to extend into the inner pipe or extend out of the inner pipe is arranged in the sand settling tank; the sand stopper sequentially comprises a cylindrical body part and a conical body part from bottom to top, extends into the sand stopper of the inner pipe, and is in dynamic sealing contact with the outer side wall of the cylindrical body part and the inner side wall of the inner pipe, so that the water-sand separating device capable of saving human resources is provided.

Description

Water-sand separating device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of contain husky water treatment, concretely relates to water and sand separator.
Background
In rivers in many areas of China, the sediment content is high, and if water with high sediment content is directly used for agricultural irrigation, a large amount of sediment can be precipitated in a diversion irrigation system, so that the diversion irrigation system is paralyzed; particularly, crops are irrigated in a drip irrigation mode, and sediment can block a dripper to influence the drip irrigation of the crops; therefore, if the sandy water is directly applied to agricultural production, the maintenance cost of the diversion irrigation system is increased, and the growth of crops is influenced.
Adopt the filter screen to carry out the device that separates to water sand among the prior art at present, its silt that filters needs manual cleaning, and manual cleaning can consume a large amount of manpowers, so need a water sand separator that can practice thrift manpower resources.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a water and sand separator adopts the filter screen to carry out the device that separates to water and sand among the solution prior art, and its silt of filtering needs artifical clearance, can consume the technical problem of a large amount of manpowers.
The utility model provides a scheme that its technical problem adopted is:
a water-sand separation device comprises a sand basin, wherein a shell is arranged above the sand basin, a water outlet pipe is arranged at the lower part of the outer side wall of the shell and communicated with the inside of the shell, and supporting legs for supporting the shell are arranged below the shell and fixed on the sand basin; an inner tube is arranged in the shell along the vertical direction, and the upper end and the lower end of the inner tube extend out of the shell and are fixedly connected with a top plate and a bottom plate of the shell; a plurality of water leakage holes are formed in the part, located inside the shell, of the side wall of the inner pipe, the part, located inside the shell, of the side wall of the inner pipe is provided with the water leakage holes, a filter screen is arranged on the inner side wall of the inner pipe, and the filter screen is detachably connected with the inner side wall of the inner pipe; a gap is formed between the inner side wall of the shell and the outer side wall of the inner pipe; the upper end of the inner pipe is connected with the water inlet pipe, and the lower end of the inner pipe is provided with a sand stopper; a lifting component which can enable the sand stopper to extend into the inner pipe or extend out of the inner pipe is arranged in the sand settling tank; the sand stopper sequentially comprises a cylindrical body part, a conical body part and a sand stopper extending into the inner pipe from bottom to top, wherein the outer side wall of the cylindrical body part is in dynamic sealing contact with the inner side wall of the inner pipe.
The sand-containing water enters the inner pipe from the water inlet pipe by arranging the shell, the inner pipe and the filter screen, the sand-containing water entering the inner pipe is filtered by silt to enter a gap between the shell and the inner pipe under the action of the filter screen, then the clear water is guided to a water using area by the water outlet pipe, and the silt is blocked in the inner pipe by the filter screen and is precipitated on the sand stopper; by arranging the lifting assembly, the sand stopper can move upwards and extend into the inner pipe by starting the lifting assembly, and the sand stopper can also move downwards and is separated from the lower part of the inner pipe; by arranging the sand stopper, the outer side wall of the columnar body part of the sand stopper is in dynamic sealing contact with the inner side wall of the inner pipe, when the sand stopper extends into the inner pipe and stays in the inner pipe, the lower end of the inner pipe can be blocked, water is prevented from seeping out from the lower end of the inner pipe, meanwhile, the curved surface of the conical body part of the sand stopper can collect precipitated silt, when the sand stopper moves downwards and is separated from the lower part of the inner pipe, the silt can move downwards together with the sand stopper and is separated from the inner pipe, and the silt on the sand stopper automatically slides to a silt basin along an inclined plane under the action of self gravity, so that the silt is conveniently subjected to centralized treatment; through setting up the landing leg, support the casing in the top of desilting pond, the landing leg can be fixed on the diapire in desilting pond, also can fix on the lateral wall in desilting pond.
Further, the lifting assembly comprises a sealing box fixed in the sand basin, a first motor is installed in the sealing box, an output shaft of the first motor is arranged in the vertical direction, a threaded rod is connected to the output shaft of the first motor, and the threaded rod is arranged in the vertical direction; a lifting plate is arranged in the sealing box and arranged along the horizontal direction, the periphery of the lifting plate is in contact with the inner side wall of the sealing box, and a threaded hole in threaded connection with a threaded rod is formed in the lifting plate; the lifting plate is provided with a sleeve, the sleeve is arranged in the vertical direction, the lower end of the sleeve is rotatably connected with the lifting plate, the upper end of the sleeve penetrates through the top plate of the seal box and is fixedly connected with the lower end of the sand stopper, the sleeve is in dynamic seal contact with the top plate of the seal box, and the upper portion of the threaded rod is located in the sleeve.
Through setting up the seal box, for first motor provides a sealed environment, prevent that first motor from being soaked by the water, first motor can drive the threaded rod and rotate, makes the lifter plate upwards or move down, and the lifter plate will drive the sleeve pipe and hinder husky ware upwards or move down.
Furthermore, a second motor is installed on the lifting plate, an output shaft of the second motor is arranged in the vertical direction, and an output gear is installed on the output shaft of the second motor; and a first gear meshed with the output gear is fixed on the outer side wall of the sleeve.
Through the arrangement of the second motor, the second motor can drive the output gear to rotate, so that the first gear, the sleeve and the sand stopper rotate in sequence; after the sand stopper descends through the lifting assembly, a part of silt quickly slides to the desilting pool along the inclined plane under the action of self gravity; the other part of the silt has lower gliding speed or is attached to the sand stopper and can not automatically slide into the desilting basin; therefore, the second motor is started, so that the sediment can be completely separated from the sand stopper under the action of centrifugal force, and the time for discharging the sediment is shortened.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. by arranging the sand stopper and the lifting assembly, the sediment intercepted by the filter screen is deposited on the sand stopper under the action of gravity, when more sediment is accumulated on the sand stopper, the lifting assembly is started to enable the sand stopper to move downwards and separate from the inner pipe, and the sediment automatically slides to the sediment basin along the inclined plane of the sand stopper under the action of self gravity; therefore, the silt is concentrated in the silt basin for concentrated treatment, the frequency of manually cleaning the silt can be reduced, and the silt collecting device has the advantage of saving manpower.
2. Through setting up the second motor, when arranging the sand to the desilting basin, start the second motor, make output gear, first gear, sleeve pipe and hinder the sand ware and rotate, make the lower silt of gliding speed and the silt that adheres to on hindering the sand ware break away from hindering the sand ware fast completely under the effect of centrifugal force, so reduced the time of arranging the sand, improved the efficiency of arranging the sand.
Drawings
Fig. 1 shows the overall structure of the present invention.
Parts, elements and numbering in the drawings: the device comprises a sand settling tank 1, a seal box 2, a second motor 3, a sand stopper 4, a shell 5, an inner pipe 6, a filter screen 7, a water inlet pipe 8, a water outlet pipe 9, a sleeve pipe 10, a first gear 11, a lifting plate 12, a threaded rod 13, a first motor 14 and supporting legs 15.
Detailed Description
The following provides a detailed description of the present invention, and the technical solutions of the present invention are clearly and completely described with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1, a water-sand separating device comprises a sand basin 1, a shell 5 is arranged above the sand basin 1, a water outlet pipe 9 is arranged at the lower part of the outer side wall of the shell 5, the water outlet pipe 9 is communicated with the inside of the shell 5, a supporting leg 15 for supporting the shell is arranged below the shell 5, and the supporting leg 15 is fixed on the sand basin 1; an inner tube 6 is arranged in the shell 5 along the vertical direction, and the upper end and the lower end of the inner tube 6 extend out of the shell 5 and are fixedly connected with a top plate and a bottom plate of the shell 5; a plurality of water leakage holes are formed in the part, positioned inside the shell 5, of the side wall of the inner pipe 6, the part of the side wall of the inner pipe 6, provided with the water leakage holes, a filter screen 7 is arranged on the inner side wall of the inner pipe, and the filter screen 7 is detachably connected with the inner side wall of the inner pipe 6; a gap is reserved between the inner side wall of the shell 5 and the outer side wall of the inner pipe 6; the upper end of the inner pipe 6 is connected with a water inlet pipe 8, and the lower end of the inner pipe 6 is provided with a sand stopper 4; a lifting component which can enable the sand stopper 4 to extend into the inner pipe 6 or extend out of the inner pipe 6 is arranged in the sand basin 1; the sand stopper 4 comprises a cylindrical body part and a conical body part from bottom to top in sequence, the sand stopper 4 extends into the inner pipe 6, and the outer side wall of the cylindrical body part is in dynamic sealing contact with the inner side wall of the inner pipe.
The lifting assembly comprises a sealing box 2 fixed in the sand settling tank 1, a first motor 14 is installed in the sealing box 2, an output shaft of the first motor 14 is arranged in the vertical direction, a threaded rod 13 is connected to the output shaft of the first motor, and the threaded rod is arranged in the vertical direction; a lifting plate 12 is arranged in the sealed box, the lifting plate 12 is arranged along the horizontal direction, the periphery of the lifting plate 12 is in contact with the inner side wall of the sealed box 2, and a threaded hole in threaded connection with a threaded rod 13 is formed in the lifting plate 12; be equipped with sleeve pipe 10 on the lifter plate 12, sleeve pipe 10 sets up along vertical direction, and the lower extreme and the lifter plate 12 of sleeve pipe 10 rotate to be connected, and the upper end of sleeve pipe 10 passes the roof of seal box 2 and links firmly with the lower extreme that hinders sand ware 4, and sleeve pipe 10 and the roof of seal box 2 move the sealing contact, and the upper portion of threaded rod 13 is arranged in sleeve pipe 10.
The second motor 3 is arranged on the lifting plate 12, the output shaft of the second motor 3 is arranged along the vertical direction, and the output shaft of the second motor is provided with an output gear; a first gear 11 engaged with the output gear is fixed to an outer side wall of the sleeve 10.
The working principle is as follows:
when the sand is discharged, firstly, the water source is closed, the water flow in the water inlet pipe 8 is stopped, then the first motor 14 is started, the sand stopper 4 moves downwards and is separated from the lower part of the inner pipe 6, so that the silt on the sand stopper 4 slides to the desilting pool 1 quickly along the inclined plane of the sand stopper 4 under the action of self gravity, and when the silt is attached to the sand stopper 4 or the sliding speed of the silt is slow; and starting the second motor 3 to enable the output gear, the first gear 11, the sleeve 10 and the sand stopper 4 to rotate, so that silt with a lower gliding speed or silt attached to the sand stopper 4 can be completely and quickly separated from the sand stopper 4 under the action of centrifugal force, starting the first motor 14 after the silt is completely separated from the sand stopper 4, enabling the sand stopper 4 to move upwards and contact with the lower part of the inner pipe 6, then opening a water source, and performing water-sand separation by using the device.

Claims (3)

1. A water and sand separating device is characterized by comprising a sand settling tank (1), wherein a shell (5) is arranged above the sand settling tank (1), a water outlet pipe (9) is arranged at the lower part of the outer side wall of the shell (5), the water outlet pipe (9) is communicated with the inside of the shell (5), a supporting leg (15) for supporting the shell is arranged at the lower end of the shell (5), and the supporting leg (15) is fixed on the sand settling tank (1);
an inner pipe (6) arranged along the vertical direction is arranged in the shell (5), and the upper end and the lower end of the inner pipe (6) extend out of the shell (5) and are fixedly connected with a top plate and a bottom plate of the shell (5);
a plurality of water leakage holes are formed in the part, positioned inside the shell (5), of the side wall of the inner pipe (6), the part of the side wall of the inner pipe (6) provided with the water leakage holes is provided with a filter screen (7), and the filter screen (7) is detachably connected with the inner side wall of the inner pipe (6);
a gap is reserved between the inner side wall of the shell (5) and the outer side wall of the inner pipe (6);
the upper end of the inner pipe (6) is connected with the water inlet pipe (8), and the lower end of the inner pipe (6) is provided with a sand stopper (4);
a lifting component which can enable the sand stopper (4) to extend into the inner pipe (6) or extend out of the inner pipe (6) is arranged in the sand sedimentation tank (1);
the sand stopper (4) sequentially comprises a cylindrical body part, a conical body part and the sand stopper (4) extending into the inner pipe (6) from bottom to top, and the outer side wall of the cylindrical body part is in dynamic sealing contact with the inner side wall of the inner pipe.
2. The water-sand separating device of claim 1, wherein the lifting assembly comprises a sealed box (2) fixed in the sand basin (1), a first motor (14) is installed in the sealed box (2), an output shaft of the first motor (14) is arranged in the vertical direction, a threaded rod (13) is connected to the output shaft of the first motor, and the threaded rod is arranged in the vertical direction;
a lifting plate (12) is arranged in the sealing box, the lifting plate (12) is arranged along the horizontal direction, the periphery of the lifting plate (12) is in contact with the inner side wall of the sealing box (2), and a threaded hole in threaded connection with the threaded rod (13) is formed in the lifting plate (12);
be equipped with sleeve pipe (10) on lifter plate (12), sleeve pipe (10) set up along vertical direction, and the lower extreme and lifter plate (12) of sleeve pipe (10) rotate to be connected, and the lower extreme that the roof of seal box (2) and sand stopper (4) were passed to the upper end of sleeve pipe (10) links firmly, and the roof movive seal contact of sleeve pipe (10) and seal box (2), and the upper portion of threaded rod (13) is arranged in sleeve pipe (10).
3. A water-sand separating device according to claim 2, characterized in that the second motor (3) is mounted on the lifting plate (12), the output shaft of the second motor (3) is arranged along the vertical direction, and the output shaft of the second motor is provided with an output gear;
a first gear (11) meshed with the output gear is fixed on the outer side wall of the sleeve (10).
CN202221038999.5U 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 Water-sand separating device Expired - Fee Related CN217526695U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221038999.5U CN217526695U (en) 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 Water-sand separating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221038999.5U CN217526695U (en) 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 Water-sand separating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN217526695U true CN217526695U (en) 2022-10-04

Family

ID=83433969

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202221038999.5U Expired - Fee Related CN217526695U (en) 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 Water-sand separating device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN217526695U (en)

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20221004