CN217268356U - Prefabricated unit of assembled hybrid column extension and connected node - Google Patents

Prefabricated unit of assembled hybrid column extension and connected node Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217268356U
CN217268356U CN202220232733.8U CN202220232733U CN217268356U CN 217268356 U CN217268356 U CN 217268356U CN 202220232733 U CN202220232733 U CN 202220232733U CN 217268356 U CN217268356 U CN 217268356U
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steel pipe
prefabricated
standard
concrete
column
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刘国民
潘文豪
肖志斌
陈伟
徐铨彪
李本悦
朱逸
赵传豪
吴一凡
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Zhejiang University ZJU
Architectural Design and Research Institute of Zhejiang University Co Ltd
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Zhejiang University ZJU
Architectural Design and Research Institute of Zhejiang University Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an assembled mixing column extension prefabricated unit and connection. The hybrid column lengthening prefabricated unit comprises a reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body and two standard steel pipe end structures at the upper end and the lower end of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body; the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body comprises prefabricated unit concrete, middle longitudinal steel bars, corner longitudinal steel bars, peripheral stirrups and internal stirrups, and the end part structure of the standard steel pipe comprises a standard steel pipe assembly, an annular inner partition plate, vertical stiffening ribs, shear-resistant studs, ear plates and guide pipes; the lengthening connection of the two hybrid columns adopts a steel pipe concrete structure, namely, the structural wallboards at the end parts of the standard steel pipes of the lengthening prefabricated units are butted by adopting groove welding, and self-compacting concrete is poured in the cavities of the steel pipes. The connection node location is generally near the central recurved point of the floor column. Assembled hybrid column structure atress performance is superior, the construction is swift, technology maturity, simple, the quality is controllable, reliable, it is obvious to synthesize the price/performance ratio advantage.

Description

Prefabricated unit of assembled hybrid column extension and connected node
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building engineering's precast concrete post, in particular to mixing column extension prefabricated unit and connected node.
Background
The assembly structure not only occupies a basic position in an assembly type building integrated system, but also plays a leading role in 'leading-up soldiers' for realizing the building industrialization target. At present, a fabricated structure system mainly takes a fabricated concrete structure and a fabricated steel structure, wherein the research and development investment of the fabricated concrete structure technology is earlier, the policy support is more, and a certain progress is achieved, but the control targets of distance quality, environmental protection, efficiency, cost and the like are not slightly different. The technical standard of the fabricated concrete has more limitations compared with the requirements of key parts of a building, such as building height, seismic intensity, a reinforced area at the bottom of a shear wall, a core tube and the like, on the technical standard formulation aspect, compared with a cast-in-place concrete structure, the fabricated concrete has more judicious scientific attitude on the existing fabricated concrete structure technology; in terms of engineering application, the conventional fabricated concrete structure mainly adopts a plane beam slab system, and a vertical structure system such as a precast concrete wall column is less adopted, so that the overall prefabrication rate and the assembly rate of the fabricated concrete structure are low.
The existing prefabricated concrete structure technology is developed in a split mode around the technical path of 'equal cast-in-place', the existing prefabricated concrete structure can only be infinitely close to cast-in-place 'in theory in terms of structural performance, and the existing prefabricated concrete structure can be close to cast-in-place' in engineering practice according to the existing technical standard, so that the existing prefabricated concrete structure is not easy to develop.
Taking an assembled integral concrete column as an example, the prefabricated column is connected up and down, the concrete part of the prefabricated column consists of a post-pouring area and a plate surface joint grouting layer, and higher requirements are provided for the roughness of a concrete contact surface and a grouting process; the vertical steel bars adopt the connection modes of grouting sleeves, extruding sleeves or slurry anchor lap joint and the like in a limited space, and the strict requirements are put forward on the sleeve quality and the construction precision. The current technical standard proposes to adopt structural measures such as large-diameter longitudinal steel bars, large column sections, longitudinal stressed steel bars concentrated in four-corner arrangement, non-connection of longitudinal auxiliary steel bars and the like to reduce the workload of steel bar connection; construction measures such as adjusting the plane position of the prefabricated column by adopting a jack, adjusting the verticality of the prefabricated column by using a special adjusting tool, plugging the periphery of a column base by adopting a tool type template and the like are adopted to ensure the construction quality of the prefabricated column, and the measures can prove that the prefabricated column is difficult to connect; in addition, compared with a cast-in-place structure, although a series of measures are taken, the structure of the prefabricated column at the beam column node is simplified and even weakened, which is characterized in that the longitudinal steel bars of the top layer column and the longitudinal steel bars of the middle layer end beam can be only anchored in a post-cast area of the node, a plurality of through horizontal construction joints and non-through vertical construction joints are arranged around the frame node, and the connection performance of the frame beam column node is objectively influenced.
The prefabricated column of the existing assembled integral frame structure has the problems of complex connecting nodes, poor connecting performance, high construction difficulty, difficulty in hidden engineering detection and the like, and the reliability of the prefabricated column connection and the frame nodes can be reduced in engineering practice, so that the construction efficiency and the engineering quality are influenced. Only by changing the original technical path dependence and developing a high-performance and high-quality assembly type frame structure, the current market dilemma can be eliminated, and the development of assembly type buildings and even the building industrialization is promoted.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problems existing in the background technology, the utility model aims to provide an assembled prefabricated column system with superior structural stress performance and good economy and a set of construction method with mature technology, convenient installation and reliable connection, which solves the problems encountered in the aspects of design, construction, quality inspection and the like of the existing assembled integral frame column; the realization of control targets of quality, environmental protection, efficiency, cost and the like of the fabricated concrete structure is promoted.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a prefabricated unit of assembled hybrid column extension:
the hybrid column lengthening prefabricated unit is mainly composed of a reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body and two standard steel pipe end structures which are respectively and symmetrically connected and arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body;
the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main part mainly comprises the prefabricated unit concrete of cylinder and pours the steel reinforcement cage of burying underground in prefabricated unit concrete, the steel reinforcement cage comprises middle longitudinal reinforcement, the vertical reinforcing bar in bight, peripheral stirrup and inside stirrup jointly, four vertical reinforcing bar in bight vertically arrange in the inside four corners of prefabricated unit concrete, along the inside interval arrangement many peripheral stirrups of the prefabricated unit concrete of the vertical reinforcing bar direction in bight, every peripheral stirrup is around arranging around the square ring that four vertical reinforcing bar in bight constitute, every vertical reinforcing bar in bight arranges in the inboard of a peripheral stirrup corner and with peripheral stirrup welding.
The middle parts of the four edges of the peripheral stirrups are respectively provided with two middle longitudinal steel bars which are vertically arranged at intervals, and each middle longitudinal steel bar is positioned at the inner side of the peripheral stirrups and is welded with the peripheral stirrups; the four sides of the peripheral stirrups are divided into two groups of middle sides by taking two symmetrical sides at two sides as one, a plurality of internal stirrups are arranged at intervals outside the middle longitudinal steel bars arranged on the middle sides of each group along the interior of the precast unit concrete in the direction of the middle longitudinal steel bars, each internal stirrup is arranged around a rectangular ring formed by four middle longitudinal steel bars arranged on one group of middle sides of each internal stirrup, and each middle longitudinal steel bar is arranged on the inner side of one corner of each internal stirrup and welded with the internal stirrup.
The end structure of the standard steel pipe comprises a standard steel pipe assembly, an annular inner partition plate, a vertical stiffening rib, a shear-resistant stud, an ear plate and a guide pipe; the standard type steel pipe assembly comprises two standard type steel pipe main wall plates and two standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates, wherein the standard type steel pipe main wall plates and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates are wide-width whole plates which are formed by integrally connecting a small plate at one end and a large plate at the other end together;
the two standard type steel pipe main wall plates are arranged on two symmetrical sides of a rectangle, a standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate is respectively connected between two ends of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate, the adjacent large plates of the standard type steel pipe main wall plates and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates are welded, and the adjacent small plates of the standard type steel pipe main wall plates and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates are welded through vertical stiffening ribs, so that the two standard type steel pipe main wall plates and the two standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates are used as four rectangular sides to alternatively enclose a rectangular steel pipe; the inner side surfaces of the standard type steel pipe main wall plate and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate are welded with anti-shearing studs; an annular inner partition plate is arranged in the middle of the large plate of the standard rectangular steel pipe in a surrounding mode, the periphery of the annular inner partition plate is welded with the standard steel pipe main wall plate and the standard steel pipe secondary wall plate, and lug plates perpendicular to the surface of the wall plates are fixedly welded on the outer side face of each standard steel pipe main wall plate/standard steel pipe secondary wall plate.
The whole small plates and the large plates of the standard rectangular steel pipes are partially embedded in the prefabricated unit concrete of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body, and the parts, which are not embedded in the prefabricated unit concrete, of the large plates of the two standard rectangular steel pipes enclose a post-pouring space for pouring self-compacting concrete; two standard type steel pipe main wall plates are respectively close to two symmetrical sides of the peripheral stirrups in parallel, two ends of the outer side surface of the large plate of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate are respectively welded with the inner sides of two corner longitudinal reinforcements where the sides of the peripheral stirrups close to the large plate are parallel to the two ends of the outer side surface of the large plate of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate, and the middle parts of the outer side surfaces of the small plates of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates are welded with the middle longitudinal reinforcements where the sides of the peripheral stirrups close to the small plates are parallel to the two ends of the small plates of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate; the middle part of the guide pipe is embedded in the end part of the precast unit concrete of the reinforced concrete precast structure main body, one end of the guide pipe penetrates out of the precast unit concrete in the gap between the small plates of the standard rectangular steel pipe, and the other end of the guide pipe penetrates out of the end part of the precast unit concrete of the reinforced concrete precast structure main body and then extends into and is communicated with the post-pouring space.
Shear steel bars are also arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body, the shear steel bars are vertically arranged at four intersections between two corresponding internal stirrups at the middle edges of two groups of peripheral stirrups, each intersection is provided with one shear steel bar, the shear steel bars are totally four shear steel bars, and the shear steel bars are positioned at the inner sides close to the center of the prefabricated unit concrete and are welded with the internal stirrups; one end of each shear steel bar is embedded in the precast unit concrete, and the other end of each shear steel bar extends out of the precast unit concrete and then extends into a rear pouring space of the end structure of the standard steel pipe.
The radial size of the hole groove in the middle of the annular inner partition plate is larger than the distance between adjacent shear steel bars, so that the shear steel bars of the prefabricated structure main body penetrate through the square hole groove in the middle of the annular inner partition plate.
II, a prefabricated unit extension connected node of hybrid column:
the two mixed column lengthening prefabricated units are respectively arranged and connected up and down, a floor slab is arranged nearby between the upper mixed column standard prefabricated unit and the lower mixed column standard prefabricated unit, and the connecting position is close to a recurved point in the middle of the floor column; the mixing column lengthening prefabricating unit adopts the mixing column lengthening prefabricating unit.
Between two adjacent hybrid column extension prefabricated units up and down, the standard steel pipe end structures of the two hybrid column extension prefabricated units are in butt joint connection; the end edges of the standard rectangular steel pipes of the two mixed column extension prefabricated units are aligned and then welded through groove weld joints, two rear pouring spaces of the two mixed column extension prefabricated units are communicated through hole grooves in the middles of respective annular inner partition plates to form a total rear pouring cavity, and self-compacting concrete is poured in the total rear pouring cavity.
The guide pipe in the standard steel pipe end structure of the upper mixing column lengthening prefabricated unit is a flash guide pipe, the guide pipe in the standard steel pipe end structure of the lower mixing column lengthening prefabricated unit is a feeding guide pipe, self-compacting concrete enters the total post-pouring cavity from the feeding guide pipe, and overflows from the flash guide pipe after the total post-pouring cavity is filled.
The utility model discloses use steel-concrete integrated configuration theory especially steel pipe concrete theory to open up a new way on the vertical connection problem of assembled concrete column as the direction, creatively introduce steel pipe concrete structure as connected node, broken through the technical bottleneck of existing assembled concrete column.
The utility model relates to a fabricated mixed column system (hereinafter referred to as fabricated mixed column) with steel pipe concrete connection nodes, which is suitable for the existing fabricated concrete structure, such as fabricated frame structure, fabricated frame-shear wall structure, etc.; the method can also be used for super high-rise buildings such as an assembled concrete frame-core tube structure, an assembled tube-in-tube structure and the like. The reason that can the universal relevance in various structural style lies in the utility model discloses an assembled hybrid column structural performance can accomplish "cast-in-place more than".
According to the theory of steel-concrete combined structure, the combined structure can give full play to the mechanical properties of two materials through reasonable combination and collocation, and obtain more superior structural performance; as a branched steel pipe concrete structure of a combined structure, particularly in a vertical member, two materials of a steel pipe and concrete interact in a stress process, namely the steel pipe restrains core concrete of the steel pipe, so that the concrete is in a complex stress state, the strength of the concrete is improved, and the plasticity and the ductility are improved; meanwhile, due to the existence of the concrete, the local yielding of the steel pipe can be delayed or avoided too early, so that the full play of the material performance of the steel pipe can be ensured, the two materials in the concrete-filled steel pipe vertical member mutually make up for the weakness of each other, and the advantages of each other are fully played, so that the concrete-filled steel pipe vertical member has higher bearing capacity which is generally higher than the sum of the independent bearing capacities of the steel pipe and the core concrete which form the concrete-filled steel pipe. The theory of the steel pipe concrete structure is verified by a large number of structural tests and is widely applied in engineering practice.
The utility model discloses a mixing column definable be: the upper end and the lower end are steel pipe concrete and are effectively connected with the middle reinforced concrete section. The hybrid column can be divided into a steel pipe concrete combined section, a steel-concrete combined transition section, a reinforced concrete section and the like according to different stresses and materials. The steel pipe concrete combined section is formed by effectively combining a peripheral rectangular steel pipe with internal concrete through shear-resistant studs, shear-resistant steel bars and an inner partition plate; the steel-concrete combined transition section (or called steel tube anchoring section) is formed by effectively combining a variable-width steel tube wall plate with concrete through shear-resistant studs and vertical stiffening ribs, the continuity of column stressed steel bars is ensured by batch welding of column longitudinal steel bars and the steel tube wall plate, the anchoring of the steel tube of the combined section is solved by the transition section, and the rigidity mutation when the steel tube concrete combined section is transited to a common reinforced concrete section is slowed down; the reinforced concrete section does not contain steel ribs and has no difference with common reinforced concrete.
Compared with the prior art the utility model has the following characteristics and beneficial effect:
according to the theory of the steel-concrete combined structure, the steel pipe concrete combined section has the highest strength, and the steel-concrete combined transition section has the lowest strength; the utility model discloses a connection of upper and lower extreme of assembled hybrid column takes place in the steel pipe concrete combination section of hybrid column, and the prefabricated unit tip of hybrid column has the steel pipe that stretches out, leaves the cavity after upper and lower steel pipe butt welding, and the secondary pours into self-compaction concrete into for the construction joint of new and old concrete junction is crisscross with banded steel sheet butt weld, and there is the whole steel sheet in the concrete construction joint outside promptly, and there is whole concrete in the steel sheet butt weld inboard, can compensate each other's construction defect, has strengthened the reliability of connection; therefore, the connection performance of the upper end and the lower end of the fabricated mixing column can be higher than that of a cast-in-place reinforced concrete column both in theory and practice.
The utility model discloses an important advantage still embodies in the aspect of the construction of assembled hybrid column, from the mill's preparation of the prefabricated unit of hybrid column, the on-the-spot hoist and mount of the prefabricated unit of hybrid column connect, to processes such as formation of assembled hybrid column system, all adopt conventional construction technology and conventional quality testing means, guarantee assembled hybrid column system construction quality.
Welding steel assemblies at the upper end and the lower end of a prefabricated unit of the mixed column, double-side welding or single-side welding of a vertical steel bar and a steel pipe wall plate, binding and spot welding of a steel bar framework in the prefabricated unit, formwork erecting and concrete pouring are all provided with mature construction technologies and detection means; the on-site hoisting connection of the prefabricated unit of the mixed column adopts a plurality of ear plates for temporary fixation, and the upper and lower steel pipe wall plates are butted by groove welding, which is a common steel column construction method; self-compacting concrete is poured in the cavity of the steel pipe, which is a common construction method for the steel pipe concrete structure; therefore, the whole construction process of the assembled hybrid column is mature and simple, strong in controllability and high in reliability. Compared with the existing fabricated concrete structure technology, the method does not need to support, calibrate steel bars, sleeve grouting, slurry anchor lap joint, seam grouting and other complex connecting processes.
The utility model discloses an assembled hybrid column can shorten construction cycle by a wide margin, connects through the otic placode and welds with steel pipe wallboard in order to provide required vertical braces during the construction, assembles prefabricated hybrid beam in order to provide required level support during the construction, and the assembly and the welding of the prefabricated unit of post that can accomplish earlier from bottom to top pour the self-compaction concrete of total back pouring cavity before prefabricated floor lays and cut off otic placode and pipe. The self-weight and the construction load of the beam column structure during the installation of the hybrid column are jointly borne and transferred by the steel pipes and the connecting lug plates, and the construction of the upper-layer column is not required to be carried out after the self-compacting concrete in the cavity is poured after the lower end of the column prefabricating unit is totally cast to reach the design strength.
The assembled mixing column has good economy and higher comprehensive cost performance. Compared with the existing assembled integral frame column, the steel consumption is increased because the assembled mixed column contains part of the steel pipe concrete combined connecting nodes. According to the concrete-filled steel tube theory, the concrete-filled steel tube is the most economical in material by taking the condition of meeting the same performance target as a comparison condition; particularly, the assembly type mixed column of the utility model does not need to be supported and complex connecting processes such as sleeve grouting, slurry anchor lapping, seam grouting and the like, can save a part of materials and construction cost, especially has shorter construction period and higher construction efficiency, and can save a large amount of financial cost and labor cost; the price influence factors such as materials, labor and construction period are comprehensively considered, and the cost performance of the fabricated hybrid column is higher than that of the existing fabricated integral frame column.
Compared with the existing assembled steel structure column, the prefabricated unit of the assembled mixed column only comprises part of steel parts at the upper end and the lower end, and the rest of the prefabricated unit is common reinforced concrete, so that the steel consumption is greatly reduced, meanwhile, the exposed surface of the steel parts is less, the coating engineering quantity of corrosion resistance and fire resistance is small, and the economic index advantage is obvious.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a mixing column lengthening prefabricated unit.
Fig. 2 shows a hybrid column precast unit extension connection node.
Fig. 3 is a cross-section a-a of fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a section B-B of fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a section C-C of fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a cross-section D-D of fig. 2.
In the figure: the concrete comprises prefabricated unit concrete (1), middle longitudinal steel bars (1.1), corner longitudinal steel bars (1.2), peripheral stirrups (1.3), internal stirrups (1.4), shear steel bars (1.5), standard steel pipe components (2), standard steel pipe main wall plates (2.1), standard steel pipe secondary wall plates (2.2), annular inner partition plates (4), vertical stiffening ribs (5), shear-resistant studs (6), lug plates (10), lug plate connecting plates (11), mounting bolts (12), self-compacting concrete (13), a feeding pipe (14), a flash pipe (15) and groove welding seams (16).
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, the hybrid column lengthening prefabricated unit is mainly composed of a reinforced concrete prefabricated structural body and two standard steel pipe end structures which are symmetrically connected and arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structural body respectively;
as shown in fig. 1 and 3, the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body mainly comprises a column-shaped prefabricated unit concrete 1 and a reinforcement cage embedded in the prefabricated unit concrete 1, wherein the reinforcement cage is composed of middle longitudinal reinforcements 1.1, corner longitudinal reinforcements 1.2, peripheral stirrups 1.3 and internal stirrups 1.4, the four corner longitudinal reinforcements 1.2 are vertically arranged at four corners inside the prefabricated unit concrete 1, the four corner longitudinal reinforcements 1.2 are vertically and parallelly arranged, a plurality of annular peripheral stirrups 1.3 are uniformly distributed at intervals inside the prefabricated unit concrete 1 along the corner longitudinal reinforcements 1.2 direction, each peripheral stirrup 1.3 is arranged around a square ring formed by the four corner longitudinal reinforcements 1.2, and each corner longitudinal reinforcement 1.2 is arranged at the inner side of one corner of the peripheral stirrups 1.3 and welded with the peripheral stirrups 1.3;
the middle parts of four edges of the peripheral stirrups 1.3 are respectively provided with two middle longitudinal steel bars 1.1 which are vertically arranged at intervals, and each middle longitudinal steel bar 1.1 is positioned at the inner side of the peripheral stirrups 1.3 and is welded with the peripheral stirrups 1.3; two middle longitudinal reinforcements 1.1 and two corner longitudinal reinforcements 1.2 on each edge of the peripheral stirrup 1.3 are uniformly distributed at intervals on the same straight line. The four sides of the peripheral stirrups 1.3 are divided into two groups of middle sides by taking two symmetrical sides at two sides as one, a plurality of annular internal stirrups 1.4 are uniformly distributed at intervals outside the middle longitudinal reinforcements 1.1 arranged on the middle sides of each group along the interior of the precast unit concrete 1 in the middle longitudinal reinforcements 1.1 direction, one internal stirrup 1.4 is correspondingly arranged on one group of middle sides, two internal stirrups 1.4 are correspondingly arranged on two groups of middle sides, each internal stirrup 1.4 is arranged in a rectangular ring shape formed by four middle longitudinal reinforcements 1.1 arranged on one group of middle sides, and each middle longitudinal reinforcement 1.1 is arranged on the inner side of one corner of the internal stirrup 1.4 where the internal stirrup is located and is welded with the internal stirrup 1.4.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, the standard steel pipe end structure comprises a standard steel pipe assembly 2, an annular inner partition plate 4, vertical stiffeners 5, shear studs 6, ear plates 10 and guide pipes; the standard type steel pipe assembly 2 comprises two standard type steel pipe main wall plates 2.1 and two standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates 2.2, the standard type steel pipe main wall plates 2.1 and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates 2.2 are respectively provided with a width-variable whole plate with a small plate at one end and a large plate at the other end, and the small plates are connected to the upper end or the lower end of the large plate on the same plane;
the length dimension of the large plate of the two standard type steel pipe main wall plates 2.1 is larger than that of the large plate of the two standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates 2.2, the two standard type steel pipe main wall plates 2.1 are arranged at two symmetrical sides of a rectangle, the two ends of the two standard type steel pipe main wall plates 2.1 are respectively connected with one standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2, the adjacent standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 and the large plate of the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2 are welded, the adjacent standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 and the small plate of the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2 are welded through a vertical stiffening rib 5, so that the two standard type steel pipe main wall plates 2.1 and the two standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates 2.2 are used as four rectangular sides to alternatively enclose a rectangular steel pipe, and the steel plates at two symmetrical sides of the rectangular steel pipe are the same standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 or standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2; the inner side surfaces of the standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2 are both welded with shear-resistant studs 6, the inner side surfaces of the large plate and the small plate of the standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2 are both fixed with the shear-resistant studs 6, one part of the shear-resistant studs 6 is positioned in the precast unit concrete 1 of the reinforced concrete precast structure main body, and the other part is positioned in a post-pouring space;
an annular inner partition plate 4 is arranged in the middle of the large plate of the standard rectangular steel pipe in a surrounding mode, the periphery of the annular inner partition plate 4 is welded with a standard steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 and a standard steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2, a square hole groove can be formed in the middle of the annular inner partition plate 4, the radial size of the hole groove in the middle of the annular inner partition plate 4 is larger than the distance between adjacent shear reinforcements 1.5, and the shear reinforcements 1.5 of the prefabricated structure body penetrate through the square hole groove in the middle of the annular inner partition plate 4; the middle part of the outer side surface of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1/standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2 is fixedly welded with an ear plate 10 which is arranged perpendicular to the surface of the wall plate;
as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the whole small plates and the large plates of the standard rectangular steel pipes are partially embedded in the precast unit concrete 1 of the reinforced concrete precast structural body, the parts of the two large plates of the standard rectangular steel pipes, which are not embedded in the precast unit concrete 1, enclose a rear pouring space for pouring the self-compacting concrete 13, and the annular inner partition plate 4 is positioned outside the rear pouring space; two standard type steel pipe main wall plates 2.1 are respectively close to two symmetrical sides of a peripheral stirrup 1.3 in parallel, two ends of the outer side surface of a large plate of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 are respectively welded with the inner sides of two corner longitudinal steel bars 1.2 where the sides of the peripheral stirrup 1.3 close to the large plate are parallel, and the middle parts of the outer side surfaces of small plates of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 and each standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2 are welded with the middle longitudinal steel bar 1.1 where the sides of the peripheral stirrup 1.3 close to the small plate are parallel; the middle part of the guide pipe is embedded in the end part of the upper end or the lower end of the prefabricated unit concrete 1 of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body, one end of the guide pipe penetrates out of the prefabricated unit concrete 1 in the gap between the small plates of the standard type rectangular steel pipe, and the other end of the guide pipe penetrates out of the end part of the upper end or the lower end of the prefabricated unit concrete 1 of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body and then extends into and is communicated with the post-pouring space.
The standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2 are symmetrically arranged, the inner sides of the wall plates are welded with the anti-shearing studs 6, and a rectangular steel pipe is formed by welding; the rectangular steel pipe is welded with an annular inner partition plate 4 with air holes near the end of the overhanging section outside the precast unit concrete 1, as shown in fig. 5.
As shown in fig. 4, the internal extension sections of the steel pipe primary and secondary wall plates 2.1 and 2.2 in the precast unit concrete 1 are changed in width, the wall plate width is reduced by chamfering, the vertical stiffening ribs 5 are welded near the end parts of the internal extension sections of the wall plates, and the vertical stiffening ribs 5 are arranged in the precast unit concrete 1; welding the middle longitudinal steel bar 1.1 of the prefabricated unit with small plates of the steel pipe primary and secondary wall plates 2.1 and 2.2 at the inward extending section in the prefabricated unit concrete 1; and (3) welding the longitudinal steel bars 1.2 at the corners of the prefabricated units with the large plates of the standard type steel pipe main wall plates 2.1 at the inward extending sections in the prefabricated unit concrete 1.
The inner extension sections of the steel pipe primary and secondary wall plates 2.1 and 2.2 in the prefabricated unit concrete 1 are provided with peripheral stirrups 1.3 and internal stirrups 1.4, the internal stirrups 1.4 penetrate through the steel pipe primary and secondary wall plates 2.1 and 2.2 to be fixed, shear steel bars 1.5 are welded on the inner sides of four corners of a square grid formed by the intersection of the two internal stirrups 1.4, and the shear steel bars 1.5 extend out of the pouring surface of the prefabricated unit concrete 1, as shown in fig. 1 and 4.
Shear steel bars 1.5 are also arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body, the shear steel bars 1.5 are vertically arranged at four intersections between two corresponding inner stirrups 1.4 at the middle edges of two groups of peripheral stirrups 1.3, each intersection is provided with one shear steel bar 1.5, the total number of the shear steel bars is four shear steel bars 1.5, and the shear steel bars 1.5 are positioned at the inner side close to the center of the prefabricated unit concrete 1 and are welded with the inner stirrups 1.4; one end of each of four shear steel bars 1.5 is embedded in the precast unit concrete 1, and the other end of each shear steel bar extends out of the precast unit concrete 1 and then extends into a rear pouring space of a standard steel pipe end structure.
The concrete implementation is that two extended prefabricated units of the mixed column are respectively arranged and connected up and down, a floor slab is arranged near the space between the standard prefabricated units of the upper and the lower mixed columns, and the middle part of a floor column is near a recurved point.
As shown in fig. 2 and 6, between two mixing column extension prefabricated units adjacent up and down, the standard steel pipe end structures of the two mixing column extension prefabricated units are in butt joint connection; when the prefabricated unit is installed on site, after being aligned, each ear plate 10 in the standard steel pipe end structure of the two mixed column extension prefabricated units is fixedly connected with each other through an ear plate connecting plate 11 and a mounting bolt 12, the mounting bolt 12 penetrates through the ear plates 10 and the ear plate connecting plates 11 to fixedly connect the ear plates 10 with the ear plate connecting plates 11 together, after being aligned, the end edges of the standard rectangular steel pipes of the two mixed column extension prefabricated units are welded through groove weld joints 16, two post-pouring spaces of the two mixed column extension prefabricated units are communicated through hole grooves in the middles of respective annular inner partition plates 4 to form a total post-pouring cavity, and self-compacting concrete 13 is poured in the total post-pouring cavity on site.
The guide pipe in the standard steel pipe end structure of the upper mixing column lengthening prefabricated unit is a flash guide pipe 15, the guide pipe in the standard steel pipe end structure of the lower mixing column lengthening prefabricated unit is a feeding guide pipe 14, self-compacting concrete 13 enters the total post-pouring cavity from the feeding guide pipe 14, and overflows from the flash guide pipe 15 after the total post-pouring cavity is filled.
The prefabricated unit standard connection node is mainly constructed by a plurality of mixed columns in the middle of a floor.
In specific implementation, the standard connection node of the prefabricated units of the mixing column is shown in FIG. 2, and the connection between the lengthened prefabricated units of the mixing column can be arranged in the middle of the mixing column; when the middle parts of the columns are connected, the lower part is a mixing column standard prefabricated unit, and the upper part is a mixing column standard prefabricated unit;
the connection node is of a steel pipe concrete structure, the overhanging ends of the wall plates of the prefabricated units of the hybrid column are butted by groove welding seams 16, and self-compacting concrete 13 is poured into the cavity of the steel pipe, as shown in figure 2.
Based on the utility model discloses with steel pipe concrete structure as connected node's assembled hybrid column system's construction method, concrete step is as follows:
s1, factory manufacturing process of the mixing column lengthening prefabricated unit:
firstly, cutting and chamfering plates of a standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 and a standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2, and welding shear-resistant studs 6 on the plates; the annular inner partition plate 4, the vertical stiffening ribs 5, the lug plates 10, the lug plate connecting plates 11, the feeding guide pipes 14 and the flash guide pipes 15 are all processed with steel components and placed in a classified mode.
And step two, welding the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate 2.2 and the vertical stiffening ribs 5 by taking the standard type steel pipe main wall plate 2.1 as a main material to form a rectangular steel pipe.
And step three, binding and manufacturing a reinforcement cage, welding the middle longitudinal steel bar 1.1 and the corner longitudinal steel bar 1.2 with the steel pipe wall plate, enabling the inner stirrups 1.4 at the inner extension sections of the wall plate to pass through the wall plate for bending connection, welding the shear steel bars 1.5 on the inner sides of the four corners of the square grids formed by the crossing of the inner stirrups 1.4, and fixing the shear steel bars 1.5 with at least two inner stirrups 1.4 in a spot welding manner.
And step four, placing the feeding guide pipe 14 and the flash guide pipe 15, and sealing the pipe orifice.
And fifthly, supporting a matched steel template for pouring the column unit, and embedding the special template into the steel pipes at the upper end and the lower end of the prefabricated unit.
And sixthly, pouring concrete of the column unit, and vibrating to be compact.
And seventhly, demolding after the column unit is molded and cured.
And step eight, welding an annular inner partition plate 4 at the end of the outward extending section of the steel pipe, and welding an ear plate 10 on the wall plate of the steel pipe to complete the prefabricating process of the lengthening prefabricated unit of the mixing column.
S2, field assembly process of the fabricated mixing column:
firstly, completing the construction of a cast-in-place embedded and fixed layer in advance, and embedding the steel pipe in place.
Secondly, conveying finished column prefabricated units to a construction site in batches from bottom to top to wait for installation;
and thirdly, hoisting the initial layer column prefabricating unit, and temporarily fixing the steel pipe at the lower end of the column prefabricating unit with the embedded steel pipe of the cast-in-place embedded layer through the lug plate 10, the lug plate connecting plate 11 and the mounting bolt 12.
And fourthly, vertically connecting the steel pipe at the lower end of the column prefabricating unit with the embedded steel pipe of the cast-in-place embedded layer by adopting a groove weld 16.
And step five, repeating the step two, the step three and the step four to finish the vertical installation of the prefabricated units of the initial layer column.
And step six, hoisting the two-layer beam prefabricated units and the column prefabricated units for assembling (beam-column connection nodes are in detail), and forming a stable frame.
And step seven, hoisting the upper layer of column prefabricated unit, repeating the step three to the step six until the top layer of column prefabricated unit, and completing the assembling and welding of the whole frame beam column.
And step eight, pouring self-compacting concrete into the cavity after the lower end of each column prefabricated unit is poured through the feeding guide pipe 14, and stopping pouring when the overflow guide pipe 15 overflows the concrete.
And step nine, when the poured self-compacting concrete reaches 70% of the design strength, removing the mounting bolts and the lug plate connecting pieces on the column prefabricated units, and cutting off the lug plates and the guide pipes to complete the field construction process of the whole fabricated mixed column system.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an assembled hybrid column extension prefabricated unit which characterized in that: the hybrid column lengthening prefabricated unit is mainly composed of a reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body and two standard steel pipe end structures which are respectively and symmetrically connected and arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body;
the main body of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure mainly comprises column-shaped prefabricated unit concrete (1) and a reinforcement cage poured and embedded in the prefabricated unit concrete (1), wherein the reinforcement cage is composed of middle longitudinal reinforcements (1.1), corner longitudinal reinforcements (1.2), peripheral stirrups (1.3) and internal stirrups (1.4), the four corner longitudinal reinforcements (1.2) are vertically arranged at four corners inside the prefabricated unit concrete (1), a plurality of peripheral stirrups (1.3) are arranged inside the prefabricated unit concrete (1) along the direction of the corner longitudinal reinforcements (1.2) at intervals, each peripheral stirrup (1.3) is arranged around a square ring formed by the four corner longitudinal reinforcements (1.2), and each corner longitudinal reinforcement (1.2) is arranged on the inner side of one corner of the peripheral stirrups (1.3) and welded with the peripheral stirrups (1.3);
the middle parts of four edges of the peripheral stirrups (1.3) are respectively provided with two middle longitudinal steel bars (1.1) which are vertically arranged at intervals, and each middle longitudinal steel bar (1.1) is positioned at the inner side of the peripheral stirrups (1.3) and is welded with the peripheral stirrups (1.3); the four sides of peripheral stirrup (1.3) divide into two sets of middle limits with the both sides of symmetry at both sides as one, many inside stirrups (1.4) of prefabricated unit concrete (1) inside interval arrangement of middle longitudinal reinforcement (1.1) direction of edge outside the middle longitudinal reinforcement (1.1) that the limit was established in every group, every inside stirrup (1.4) is around the rectangular annular arrangement of four middle longitudinal reinforcements (1.1) constitutions that self a set of middle limit was established, every middle longitudinal reinforcement (1.1) is arranged in the inboard of inside stirrup (1.4) a corner and is welded with inside stirrup (1.4).
2. The fabricated mixing column extension module of claim 1, wherein:
the standard steel pipe end structure comprises a standard steel pipe component (2), an annular inner partition plate (4), vertical stiffening ribs (5), shear-resistant studs (6), an ear plate (10) and a guide pipe; the standard steel pipe assembly (2) comprises two standard steel pipe main wall plates (2.1) and two standard steel pipe secondary wall plates (2.2), wherein the standard steel pipe main wall plates (2.1) and the standard steel pipe secondary wall plates (2.2) are wide-width whole plates which are formed by integrally connecting a small plate at one end and a large plate at the other end together;
two standard type steel pipe main wall plates (2.1) are arranged on two symmetrical sides of a rectangle, a standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate (2.2) is respectively connected between two ends of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate (2.1), the large plates of the adjacent standard type steel pipe main wall plates (2.1) and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates (2.2) are welded, the small plates of the adjacent standard type steel pipe main wall plates (2.1) and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates (2.2) are welded through vertical stiffening ribs (5), and thus the two standard type steel pipe main wall plates (2.1) and the two standard type steel pipe secondary wall plates (2.2) are used as four sides of the rectangle to alternatively enclose a rectangular steel pipe; the inner side surfaces of the standard type steel pipe main wall plate (2.1) and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate (2.2) are welded with shear resistant studs (6); an annular inner partition plate (4) is arranged in the middle of the large plates of the standard type rectangular steel pipe in a surrounding mode, the periphery of the annular inner partition plate (4) is welded with a standard type steel pipe main wall plate (2.1) and a standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate (2.2), and ear plates (10) which are perpendicular to the surfaces of the wall plates are fixedly welded on the outer side surfaces of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate (2.1)/standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate (2.2);
the whole small plates and the large plates of the standard rectangular steel pipes are partially embedded in the prefabricated unit concrete (1) of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body, and the parts, which are not embedded in the prefabricated unit concrete (1), of the large plates of the two standard rectangular steel pipes enclose a post-pouring space for pouring self-compacting concrete (13); two standard type steel pipe main wall plates (2.1) are respectively close to two symmetrical sides of the peripheral stirrups (1.3) in parallel, two ends of the outer side surface of the large plate of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate (2.1) are respectively welded with the inner sides of two corner longitudinal reinforcements (1.2) where the sides of the peripheral stirrups (1.3) close to the two ends in parallel, and the middle part of the outer side surface of the small plate of each standard type steel pipe main wall plate (2.1) and the standard type steel pipe secondary wall plate (2.2) is welded with the middle longitudinal reinforcement (1.1) where the sides of the peripheral stirrups (1.3) close to the two ends in parallel are located; the middle part of the guide pipe is embedded in the end part of the precast unit concrete (1) of the reinforced concrete precast structure main body, one end of the guide pipe penetrates out of the precast unit concrete (1) in the gap between the small plates of the standard rectangular steel pipe, and the other end of the guide pipe penetrates out of the end part of the precast unit concrete (1) of the reinforced concrete precast structure main body and then extends into and is communicated with a post-pouring space.
3. The fabricated mixing column extension module of claim 2, wherein:
shear steel bars (1.5) are further arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the reinforced concrete prefabricated structure main body, the shear steel bars (1.5) are vertically arranged at four intersections between two corresponding inner stirrups (1.4) at the middle sides of two groups of peripheral stirrups (1.3), each intersection is provided with one shear steel bar (1.5), the total number of the shear steel bars (1.5) is four, and the shear steel bars (1.5) are positioned at the inner side close to the center of the prefabricated unit concrete (1) and are welded with the inner stirrups (1.4); one ends of four shear steel bars (1.5) are buried in the precast unit concrete (1), and the other ends of the four shear steel bars extend out of the precast unit concrete (1) and then extend into a rear pouring space of a standard steel pipe end structure.
4. The fabricated mixing column extension module of claim 2, wherein: the radial size of the hole groove in the middle of the annular inner partition plate (4) is larger than the distance between the adjacent shear steel bars (1.5), so that the shear steel bars (1.5) of the prefabricated structure main body penetrate through the square hole groove in the middle of the annular inner partition plate (4).
5. The utility model provides a prefabricated unit of hybrid column connects long connected node which characterized in that:
the two mixing column lengthening prefabricated units are respectively arranged and connected up and down, and a floor slab is arranged nearby between the upper and lower mixing column standard prefabricated units; the mixing column lengthening prefabricated unit adopts the mixing column lengthening prefabricated unit of any one of claims 1 to 3.
6. The hybrid column precast unit extension connecting node according to claim 5, wherein:
between two adjacent hybrid column extension prefabricated units up and down, the standard steel pipe end structures of the two hybrid column extension prefabricated units are in butt joint connection; the end edges of the standard rectangular steel pipes of the two mixed column lengthening prefabricated units are aligned and then welded through groove welding seams (16), two rear pouring spaces of the two mixed column lengthening prefabricated units are communicated through hole grooves in the middles of respective annular inner partition plates (4) to form a total rear pouring cavity, and self-compacting concrete (13) is poured in the total rear pouring cavity.
7. The hybrid column precast unit extension connecting node according to claim 6, wherein:
the guide pipe in the standard steel pipe end structure of the prefabricated unit of hybrid column extension of top is flash guide pipe (15), and the guide pipe in the standard steel pipe end structure of the prefabricated unit of hybrid column extension of below is feeding guide pipe (14), pours the cavity after self-compaction concrete (13) gets into from feeding guide pipe (14) always, pours the cavity after filling totally and spills over from flash guide pipe (15).
CN202220232733.8U 2022-01-27 2022-01-27 Prefabricated unit of assembled hybrid column extension and connected node Active CN217268356U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114370126A (en) * 2022-01-27 2022-04-19 浙江大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Prefabricated unit of assembled hybrid column extension and connected node

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114370126A (en) * 2022-01-27 2022-04-19 浙江大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Prefabricated unit of assembled hybrid column extension and connected node

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