CN217128632U - Assembled building wall form and assembled building wall - Google Patents

Assembled building wall form and assembled building wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217128632U
CN217128632U CN202220786255.5U CN202220786255U CN217128632U CN 217128632 U CN217128632 U CN 217128632U CN 202220786255 U CN202220786255 U CN 202220786255U CN 217128632 U CN217128632 U CN 217128632U
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thin wall
thin
building wall
wall panel
formwork
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CN202220786255.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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周裕文
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Shanghai Hengxu Energy Saving Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Shanghai Hengxu Energy Saving Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The embodiment of the utility model discloses assembled building wall mould shell and assembled building wall. The assembled building wall formwork comprises a first thin wall plate, a second thin wall plate, a tie piece and structural steel bars. The second thin wall plate is arranged opposite to the first thin wall plate. The structural steel bars are arranged between the first thin wall plate and the second thin wall plate. Two ends of the pulling piece are respectively anchored on the first thin wall plate and the second thin wall plate. The assembled building wall body formwork of the embodiment of the utility model integrates the wall body formwork and the structural steel bars on the prefabricated component, and does not need manual formwork support, formwork removal and steel bar binding operation, thereby reducing the labor cost and shortening the construction period; can realize the industrialized production, and is convenient and fast. Compared with the traditional precast concrete external wall panel, the cavity shear wall member has lighter self weight, lower manufacturing cost and higher manufacturing efficiency. The cost can be effectively reduced, and the assembly type building technology is more favorably popularized.

Description

Assembled building wall form and assembled building wall
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the relevant technique of assembly type structure and specifically relates to an assembly type structure wall body mould shell and assembly type structure wall body are related to.
Background
At present, a cast-in-place process is generally adopted in the construction of China, formwork erecting and formwork removing operations need to be carried out manually, plastering and other operations need to be carried out manually after a structural main body is poured and formed, a large amount of wood resources and labor cost are consumed in the construction of China every year, along with the reduction of the Chinese population, construction workers are fewer and fewer, the labor cost is higher and higher, and the traditional cast-in-place process is difficult to maintain the sustainable development of the Chinese construction industry.
The precast concrete shear wall board in the existing fabricated building in China is generally a solid precast concrete wall, and has the disadvantages of large self weight and high transportation and hoisting cost.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the deficiency of the prior art, one aspect of the utility model provides an assembled building wall form.
The fabricated building wall form can include a first thin wall panel, a second thin wall panel, a tie member, and structural reinforcement.
The second thin wall plate is arranged opposite to the first thin wall plate, so that a cavity structure is formed between the second thin wall plate and the first thin wall plate. The structural reinforcement is disposed in the cavity structure formed between the first thin wallboard and the second thin wallboard. And gaps are respectively formed between the two sides of the structural steel bar and the first thin wallboard and between the two sides of the structural steel bar and the second thin wallboard. One end of the pulling piece is anchored on the first thin wall plate, and the other end of the pulling piece penetrates through the structural steel bar and is anchored on the second thin wall plate.
According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a first fiber web is provided in the first thin wall panel, and a second fiber web is provided in the second thin wall panel.
According to the utility model discloses a preferred embodiment, first thin wallboard is for exempting from to tear open the template, the thin wallboard of second is for exempting from to tear open the template.
According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first thin wall panel is a plaster layer or a decorative layer.
According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second thin wall panel is a plaster layer or a decorative layer.
According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first fiber web is a polyester fiber web, a basalt fiber web, or a steel fiber web.
According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second fiber web is a polyester fiber web, a basalt fiber web, or a steel fiber web.
According to the utility model discloses a preferred embodiment, including wall body distribution reinforcing bar among the structural reinforcement. And the upper end of the wall body distribution steel bar is provided with a convex part extending out of the cavity structure. And the bulge is bent towards the inner side of the cavity structure to form a bent structure.
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, there are a plurality of said drawknot components. And a plurality of the pulling pieces are uniformly arranged between the second thin wall board and the first thin wall board. Wherein, the drawknot component is a metal drawknot component or a composite drawknot component.
Another aspect of the utility model provides an assembly type building wall.
The fabricated building wall comprises the fabricated building wall formwork as described in any one of the above. And a concrete layer is poured and formed in the assembled building wall formwork.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses assembled building wall body mould shell has following beneficial effect:
the assembled building wall body formwork of the embodiment of the utility model integrates the wall body formwork and the structural steel bars on the prefabricated component, and does not need manual formwork support, formwork removal and steel bar binding operation, thereby reducing the labor cost and shortening the construction period; can realize the industrialized production, and is convenient and fast. Compared with the traditional precast concrete external wall panel, the cavity shear wall member has lighter self weight, lower manufacturing cost and higher manufacturing efficiency. The cost can be effectively reduced, and the assembly type building technology is more favorably popularized.
Additional features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows. Additional features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will be apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following and the accompanying drawings or may be learned from the manufacture or operation of the embodiments. The features of the present disclosure may be realized and attained by practice or use of various methods, instrumentalities and combinations of the specific embodiments described below.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention. Like reference symbols in the various drawings indicate like elements. Wherein, the first and the second end of the pipe are connected with each other,
FIG. 1 is a schematic three-dimensional view of a fabricated building wall form according to some embodiments of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of a fabricated building wall form according to some embodiments of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of a fabricated building wall form according to some embodiments of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of the construction of a first web and a second web in a fabricated building wall form according to some embodiments of the present invention.
List of reference numerals
1-first thin wallboard
2-second thin wallboard
3-pulling piece
4-structural steel bar
41-projection
5-second web
6-first web
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solution of the present invention better understood, the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts shall belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that if the terms "first", "second", etc. are used in the description and claims of the present invention and in the accompanying drawings, they are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It is to be understood that the data so used may be interchanged under appropriate circumstances for purposes of describing the embodiments of the invention herein. Furthermore, if the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
In the present invention, if the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "center", "vertical", "horizontal", "lateral", "longitudinal", and the like are referred to, the orientation or positional relationship indicated is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings. These terms are used primarily to better describe the invention and its embodiments, and are not intended to limit the indicated devices, elements or components to a particular orientation or to be constructed and operated in a particular orientation.
Moreover, some of the above terms may be used to indicate other meanings besides the orientation or positional relationship, for example, the term "on" may also be used to indicate some kind of attachment or connection relationship in some cases. The specific meaning of these terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
Furthermore, in the present disclosure, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "provided," "connected," "sleeved," and the like should be construed broadly if they are referred to. For example, it may be a fixed connection, a removable connection, or a unitary construction; can be a mechanical connection, or an electrical connection; may be directly connected, or indirectly connected through intervening media, or may be in internal communication between two devices, elements or components. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
It should be noted that, in the present invention, the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict. The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with embodiments.
An aspect of the embodiment of the utility model discloses an assembled building wall mould shell.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the fabricated building wall form may include a first thin wall panel 1, a second thin wall panel 2, a tie member 3, and structural reinforcement 4.
The second thin wall plate 2 is arranged opposite to the first thin wall plate 1 such that a cavity structure is formed between the second thin wall plate 2 and the first thin wall plate 1.
The second thin wall plate 2 and the first thin wall plate 1 are disassembly-free templates of the wall body. After the wall body is hoisted in place at present during construction, concrete is poured into the cavity to fill the cavity, the thin wall plates on the two sides of the concrete are templates during concrete pouring, and the poured concrete and structural steel bars integrated in the cavity form a shear wall body bearing structural stress. After the concrete reaches the strength, the thin wall plate is used as a plastering layer or a decorative layer of the shear wall body, and does not need to be removed. Exemplary materials for the second thin wall panel 2 and the first thin wall panel 1 include, but are not limited to, cement-based composite material panels, metal panels, synthetic composite material panels, and the like. It should be noted that the materials used for the second thin wall plate 2 and the first thin wall plate 1 are only exemplary, and all equivalent implementations or modifications without departing from the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.
Further, in some embodiments, a second web 5 is provided in the second thin wall panel 2. A first fibre web 6 is arranged in the first thin wall panel 1.
Wherein, first fibre web 6 and second fibre web 5 are pre-buried respectively in first thin wallboard 1 and second thin wallboard 2. First web 6 and second web 5 are effective in preventing cracking of first thin wall panel 1 and second thin wall panel 2. The fiber net can be made of materials with stronger tensile property. Illustratively, the first web 6 and the second web 5 may be polyester webs, basalt webs, or steel webs. It is noted that the materials used for the first web 6 and the second web 5 are exemplary only and are intended to be encompassed by the present disclosure unless otherwise indicated by the scope of the present disclosure.
Structural reinforcement 4 is arranged in the cavity structure formed between the first and second thin wall panels 1, 2. And gaps are respectively formed between the two sides of the structural steel bar 4 and the first thin wall plate 1 and the second thin wall plate 2.
In some embodiments, the structural rebars 4 may be configured according to the requirements of the construction drawing of the building structure.
In some embodiments, the structural reinforcement 4 comprises wall bar reinforcement, the upper end of which is bent to extend beyond the top of the formwork. Illustratively, as shown in fig. 1, the structural reinforcement 4 includes wall distribution reinforcement. The upper end of the wall body distribution steel bar is provided with a convex part 41 extending out of the cavity structure. The protruding portion 41 is bent inward of the cavity structure to form a bent structure. It should be noted that the specific number and shape of the reinforcing bars shown in fig. 1 are only used for explaining the structure, and are not used for limiting the number of the reinforcing bars in the patent. Because the connected mode of vertical reinforcing bar generally adopts grout muffjoint in the precast concrete shear force wallboard of current assembly type structure, telescopic expense is higher, and the construction degree of difficulty is great, and the difficult assurance of connection quality. Through the structural design, when the upper and lower layers of vertical steel bars are connected, the upper and lower layers of connecting steel bars are not easy to collide.
One end of the tie member 3 is anchored on the first thin wall plate 1, and the other end thereof passes through the structural steel bar 4 and is anchored on the second thin wall plate 2.
The function of the tie members 3 is to connect two thin wall panels together and to resist the lateral pressure during the concrete casting process. In the present embodiment, there are a plurality of pulling elements 3. And, a plurality of pulling elements 3 are evenly arranged between the second thin wall panel 2 and the first thin wall panel 1.
The fastener 3 may be made of a material having a certain tensile strength. Illustratively, the tie 3 may be employed including, but not limited to, a metal tie or a composite tie. It should be noted that the materials used for the above-mentioned pulling elements 3 are only exemplary, and all equivalent implementations or modifications that do not depart from the scope of the present invention are intended to be covered by the present patent. In addition, the specific shape of the drawknot 3 in the drawings is only for explaining the patent and is not intended to limit the patent.
The utility model discloses assembled building wall body mould shell can be at factory production assembled mould shell wall body component, has removed the artifical formwork, the operation of form removal of job site from, has removed the artifical operation of plastering in later stage from even. What vertical reinforcing bar's connection adopted is that the reinforcing bar extends the lapped mode, lower floor vertical reinforcing bar directly stretch into in the cavity of upper cavity wall body can, convenient and fast has removed grout sleeve and grout material cost from. The hoisting efficiency is also faster than that of solid prefabricated wall panels. The structural steel bars of the shear wall are integrated in the cavity, and the steel bars do not need to be manually bound on the site, so that a large amount of labor and material cost are saved. After the cavity shear wall is hoisted in place, concrete is poured into the cavity, so that the building wall is formed by pouring at one time. Compare traditional precast concrete side fascia, this cavity shear force wall component dead weight is lighter, and the cost of manufacture is lower, the preparation efficiency is higher. The cost can be effectively reduced, and the assembly type building technology is more favorably popularized.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an aspect discloses an assembly type building wall.
The assembly type building wall comprises the assembly type building wall formwork and a concrete layer formed in the assembly type building wall formwork in a pouring mode.
For example, the prefabricated building wall formwork is transported to the site, and is hoisted in place according to the design requirements, and then concrete is poured into a cavity structure in the prefabricated building wall formwork to form the prefabricated building wall, so that the tie members 3 and the structural steel bars 4 are embedded into the concrete layer. It should be noted that the open portions of the cavity at the two ends of the formwork of the prefabricated building wall are sealed with the form before the concrete is poured.
It should be noted that all of the features disclosed in this specification, or all of the steps in any method or process so disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except for mutually exclusive features and/or steps.
In addition, the above embodiments are exemplary, and those skilled in the art can devise various solutions in light of the disclosure, which are all within the scope of the disclosure and fall within the scope of the invention. It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the present specification and drawings are illustrative only and are not limiting upon the claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. An assembly building wall form, comprising:
a first thin wall panel (1);
a second thin wall panel (2), the second thin wall panel (2) being arranged opposite to the first thin wall panel (1) such that a cavity structure is formed between the second thin wall panel (2) and the first thin wall panel (1);
structural reinforcement (4), the structural reinforcement (4) being arranged in the cavity structure formed between the first thin wall panel (1) and the second thin wall panel (2); gaps are formed between the two sides of the structural steel bar (4) and the first thin wall plate (1) and the second thin wall plate (2) respectively;
and
one end of the tie piece (3) is anchored on the first thin wallboard (1), and the other end of the tie piece (3) penetrates through the structural steel bar (4) and is anchored on the second thin wallboard (2).
2. The fabricated building wall formwork of claim 1, wherein a first fiber mesh (6) is provided in the first thin wall panel (1); a second fibre web (5) is arranged in the second thin wall panel (2).
3. The fabricated building wall form as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first thin wall panel (1) is a demolition-free form; the second thin wallboard (2) is a disassembly-free formwork.
4. The fabricated building wall form as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first thin wall panel (1) is a render or a decorative layer.
5. The fabricated building wall form as claimed in claim 1, wherein the second thin wall panel (2) is a render or a decorative layer.
6. The fabricated building wall form of claim 2, wherein the first fiber web (6) is a polyester fiber web, a basalt fiber web, or a steel fiber web.
7. The fabricated building wall form of claim 2, wherein the second fiber web (5) is a polyester fiber web, a basalt fiber web, or a steel fiber web.
8. The fabricated building wall form of claim 1, wherein the structural reinforcement (4) comprises wall distribution reinforcement;
the upper end of the wall body distribution steel bar is provided with a bulge (41) extending out of the cavity structure;
and the bulge (41) is bent towards the inner side of the cavity structure to form a bent structure.
9. A fabricated building wall formwork in accordance with claim 1, having a plurality of said tie members (3);
and a plurality of the pulling pieces (3) are uniformly arranged between the second thin wall plate (2) and the first thin wall plate (1);
wherein the pulling piece (3) is a metal pulling piece or a composite material pulling piece.
10. A fabricated building wall, comprising a fabricated building wall form as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9;
and a concrete layer is formed in the assembled building wall formwork in a pouring mode.
CN202220786255.5U 2022-04-06 2022-04-06 Assembled building wall form and assembled building wall Active CN217128632U (en)

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CN202220786255.5U CN217128632U (en) 2022-04-06 2022-04-06 Assembled building wall form and assembled building wall

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

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CN217128632U true CN217128632U (en) 2022-08-05

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115434507A (en) * 2022-11-09 2022-12-06 中铁建设集团华北工程有限公司 Rib-outlet type close-splicing combined shell component

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115434507A (en) * 2022-11-09 2022-12-06 中铁建设集团华北工程有限公司 Rib-outlet type close-splicing combined shell component

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