CN216457903U - Oxygen generation system - Google Patents

Oxygen generation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216457903U
CN216457903U CN202123215230.4U CN202123215230U CN216457903U CN 216457903 U CN216457903 U CN 216457903U CN 202123215230 U CN202123215230 U CN 202123215230U CN 216457903 U CN216457903 U CN 216457903U
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air
oxygenerator
exhaust
adsorption
adsorption towers
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刘海锋
黄刚
王亮亮
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Hunan Zhuoyu Technology Co ltd
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Hunan Zhuoyu Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an oxygen generation system, including the air compressor machine that connects gradually, the machine of blotting, dry jar and oxygenerator, the end of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers links to each other through the exhaust emission mouth of air admission control subassembly in one-way circulation subassembly and the oxygenerator respectively in the machine of blotting, and one-way circulation subassembly makes gaseous only to two adsorption towers one-way circulation, is connected with the subassembly of ventilating of steerable break-make between the end of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers in the machine of blotting, and the exhaust emission mouth of air admission control subassembly is connected with the exhaust subassembly of steerable break-make in the oxygenerator. The utility model has the advantages of low energy consumption, simple structure, low cost, easy implementation, popularization and application, capability of avoiding influencing the regeneration of the oxygen generator and the like.

Description

Oxygen generation system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a compressed air purification equipment technical field, concretely relates to system oxygen system.
Background
In the field of compressed air purification, due to its special intake requirements, a reversing function of intake and exhaust is often required. For example, as shown in fig. 1, the pressure swing adsorption oxygen generation gas path system is a typical pressure swing adsorption oxygen generation gas path system adopted by an existing oxygen generator, and the working process and principle of the pressure swing adsorption oxygen generation gas path system are that a first electromagnetic valve 1 and a fourth electromagnetic valve 4 are matched with each other to form a first gas path loop, a second electromagnetic valve 2 and a third electromagnetic valve 3 are matched with each other to form a second gas path loop, when a first adsorption tower 100 works, the second electromagnetic valve 2 and the third electromagnetic valve 3 are closed, the first electromagnetic valve 1 and the fourth electromagnetic valve 4 are opened, a gas source enters the first adsorption tower 100 through the first electromagnetic valve 1, an adsorbent is filled in the first adsorption tower 100, most of purified gas enters downstream to be provided to gas equipment, and a small part (about 16% -20%) enters a second adsorption tower 200 through a throttle valve 7 (the gas pressure after passing through the throttle valve 7 is about equal to the atmospheric pressure) to perform back blowing (or desorption oxygen generation) in the second adsorption tower 200, Regeneration) impurity gas trapped in the adsorbent in the previous period, and exhausting tail gas through a fourth electromagnetic valve 4 after the back-blowing gas passes through the second adsorption tower 200; when the second adsorption tower 200 works, the first electromagnetic valve 1 and the fourth electromagnetic valve 4 are closed, the second electromagnetic valve 2 and the third electromagnetic valve 3 are opened, the air source enters the second adsorption tower 200 through the second electromagnetic valve 2, the second adsorption tower 200 is filled with the adsorbent, most of purified air enters downstream and is provided for gas-using equipment, a small part (about 16% -20%) of purified air enters the first adsorption tower 100 through the throttle valve 7 (the air pressure after passing through the throttle valve 7 is approximately equal to the atmospheric pressure) to blow back (or resolve, regenerate) impurity gases intercepted in the adsorbent in the previous period, and after the blow-back air passes through the first adsorption tower 100, the tail gas is evacuated through the third electromagnetic valve 3. The first gas circuit and the second gas circuit work alternately, so that the gas source is purified alternately through the first adsorption tower 100 and the second adsorption tower 200, and the other adsorption tower is filled with back flushing gas to regenerate the adsorbent when one adsorption tower works.
In order to avoid the influence of pressure mutation on downstream gas utilization equipment and slow down the pulverization phenomenon of the adsorbents in the first adsorption tower 100 and the second adsorption tower 200 due to the pressure mutation, a pressure equalizing stage is added before the switching of the first adsorption tower 100 and the second adsorption tower 200, and simultaneously, in order to improve the recovery efficiency of oxygen generation and reduce the energy consumption, a top-bottom pressure equalizing mode (gas enters from the top of the adsorption tower, so that the pressure is gradually built in the adsorption tower to finish the pressure equalizing) is adopted: after the adsorbent in the second adsorption tower 200 is sufficiently regenerated as described above, the fourth solenoid valve 4 is closed in advance, the pressure in the second adsorption tower 200 is gradually increased from the normal pressure to the operating pressure, and then the first solenoid valve 1 is closed and the second solenoid valve 2 and the third solenoid valve 3 are opened.
Oxygen system that has commonly used now is shown in fig. 2, including air compressor machine 101, cold dry machine 102, dry jar 103 and oxygenerator 104 that connect gradually, the aforesaid pressure swing adsorption oxygen generation gas circuit system of the structural principle of oxygenerator 104, during its oxygen generation process flow: after the compressed gas generated by the air compressor 101 is processed by the air dryer 102 (dew point +3 ℃ - +5 ℃. note: the dew point is an index for judging the water content, the lower the dew point is, the less the water content is), the moisture in the air is removed to obtain cleaner and drier compressed air, the cleaner the gas source entering the oxygen generator 104 is, the easier the oxygen concentration of the finished product is to be ensured, and the more stable the gas is generated, the longer the service cycle of the adsorbent used by the oxygen generator 104 is. The air-cooling dryer 102 is widely applied to the air pretreatment process due to simple manufacturing process and low cost, and occupies most of domestic air treatment markets at present.
With the knowledge of the molecular sieve characteristics of the oxygen generator, the cleanliness of air is found to play a crucial role in the purity and stability of subsequent oxygen generation, so that the original air treatment unit cold dryer 102 is further replaced by a suction dryer 105 (the dew point can reach-40 ℃ below zero) with better treatment effect, as shown in fig. 3. The fact proves that after the suction dryer 105 is introduced into the oxygen generation process, the oxygen concentration at the outlet of the oxygen generator 104 can reach the required standard more quickly, and the service life of the molecular sieve is greatly prolonged. However, since the manufacturing principle of the suction dryer 103 is still pressure swing adsorption, 16% -20% of dry compressed air at its air outlet needs to be consumed by the suction dryer 105 as regeneration gas to maintain stable operation (the regeneration gas is derived from the regeneration mode of its air outlet, which is called as "self-regeneration mode"), so to satisfy the original oxygen yield, the gas production of the air compressor 101 needs to be increased, and as a result, the energy consumption per oxygen yield is increased by the self-regeneration oxygen production process of the suction dryer 105.
From the composition of the tail gas from the oxygen generator 104, the tail gas from the oxygen generator 104 is a mixed gas of nitrogen and oxygen (nitrogen-rich gas), but is a dry gas with a low dew point, and the total amount of the discharged gas is larger than the amount of gas required by the sorption dryer 105 for regeneration, that is, the tail gas discharged from the oxygen generator 104 can satisfy the requirement of the sorption dryer 105 for regeneration gas regardless of the dryness or the amount of the gas. Based on this, as shown in fig. 4, there is a prior art that a buffer tank 106 is added in the oxygen generation system, the tail gas discharge port of the oxygen generator 104 is connected to the buffer tank 106 through a pipeline with a first check valve 107, the gas outlet ends of the first adsorption tower 100 and the second adsorption tower 200 in the sorption dryer 105 are respectively connected to the buffer tank 106 through a second check valve 108, the throttle valve 5 connected to the gas outlet ends of the first adsorption tower 100 and the second adsorption tower 200 in the sorption dryer 105 is replaced by a first on-off control valve 109, and the tail gas discharge port of the oxygen generator 104 is connected to a pipeline with a second on-off control valve 110.
By making the above adjustment and modification on the oxygen generation system, when the pressure equalization of the second adsorption tower 200 of the oxygen generator 104 is finished, the second electromagnetic valve 2 and the third electromagnetic valve 3 of the oxygen generator 104 can be opened first, so that a part of the nitrogen-rich gas in the first adsorption tower 100 enters the buffer tank 106, and after several seconds, the second on-off control valve 110 is opened, so that the rest of the nitrogen-rich gas in the first adsorption tower 100 is emptied through the third electromagnetic valve 3 and the second on-off control valve 110 of the oxygen generator 104, so that the first adsorption tower 100 is rapidly decompressed, the shortest time reaches the lowest pressure point, the optimal regeneration working condition is entered, and the third electromagnetic valve 3 and the second on-off control valve 110 of the oxygen generator 104 are closed until the next pressure equalization state is entered.
Because the first adsorption tower 100 and the second adsorption tower 200 in the absorption dryer 105 are respectively connected with the buffer tank 106 through the second check valve 108, the nitrogen-rich gas in the buffer tank 106 pushes away the second check valve 108 with lower pressure, and enters the regeneration cavity to analyze the adsorbent. The first on-off control valve 109 in the suction dryer is used as a pressure equalizing valve, and only when the suction dryer is in a pressure equalizing state, the first on-off control valve 109 is opened, so that gas from the working cavity is input into the regeneration cavity, the pressure of the regeneration cavity is increased from 0 to the working pressure, and the purpose of equalizing pressure is achieved.
The interval time of opening the third electromagnetic valve 3 and the second on-off control valve 110 of the oxygen generator 104 determines the amount of the nitrogen-rich gas entering the buffer tank 106, the PSA principle requires that the lower the pressure of the regeneration chamber, the better, so the pressure is required to be rapidly reduced after the original working chamber is switched to the regeneration chamber, and because the buffer tank 106 is a closed container, the pressure reduction speed of the original regeneration chamber is reduced along with the increase of time before the second on-off control valve 110 is opened, so the air intake time of the buffer tank 106 cannot be too long, the nitrogen-rich gas entering the buffer tank 106 is proper, the back-flushing amount of the dryer 105 can be ensured, and the regeneration of the oxygen generator 104 itself cannot be affected, which can be determined by theoretical calculation and actual test.
From the above analysis, it can be seen that the tail gas discharge after the pressure equalization of the oxygen generator 104 is implemented in two steps, i.e. the first step is to store a part of the tail gas in the buffer tank 106, and the second step is to evacuate the rest of the tail gas through the second on-off control valve 110.
Compared with the self-regeneration oxygen generation process of the suction dryer 105, the process can utilize the tail gas of the oxygen generator 104 to regenerate the suction dryer 105, greatly reduces the air consumption of the suction dryer, and effectively reduces the unit energy consumption of oxygen output. The buffer tank 106 separates the sucking drier 105 and the oxygen generator 104 organically, so that the PSA action of the two is not influenced mutually.
However, the nitrogen-rich tail gas from oxygen generator 104 only participates in the regeneration of the sorption dryer 105, and does not participate in the pressure equalization of the sorption dryer 105, and the gas evacuated from the chamber to be regenerated after the inlet gas of oxygen generator 104 is switched is still the dry gas from the outlet of oxygen generator 104, that is, the process still consumes the dry gas at the outlet of sorption dryer 105. Therefore, the high-pressure nitrogen-rich gas of the oxygen generator 104 is not fully utilized, and meanwhile, the pressure reduction rate of the regeneration cavity of the oxygen generator 104 is influenced due to the existence of the buffer tank 105, so that the regeneration efficiency of the oxygen generator 104 is influenced, and the buffer tank 104 and the pipeline thereof have complicated structures, so that the equipment cost is increased, and the installation and maintenance cost is also increased.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to overcome the not enough of prior art existence, provide an energy consumption low, simple structure, with low costs, easy to carry out and popularize and apply system oxygen.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an oxygen generation system, includes the air compressor machine, the dry machine of inhaling, dry jar and oxygenerator that connect gradually, inhale dry machine and oxygenerator all include two adsorption towers, and the inlet end of two adsorption towers passes through the admission control subassembly and links to each other with dry jar, and the end of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers is connected with the exhaust control subassembly, the end of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers links to each other through the tail gas discharge port of admission control subassembly in one-way circulation subassembly and the oxygenerator respectively in the dry machine of inhaling, the one-way circulation subassembly makes gas only to two adsorption towers one-way circulation, be connected with the subassembly of ventilating of steerable break-make between the end of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers in the dry machine, the tail gas discharge port of admission control subassembly is connected with the exhaust subassembly of steerable break-make in the oxygenerator.
In the above oxygen generation system, preferably, the one-way circulation component comprises a first pipeline, one end of the first pipeline is connected with a tail gas discharge port of the oxygen generator, and the air outlet ends of the two adsorption towers in the absorption machine are respectively connected with the other end of the first pipeline through a first one-way valve.
In the oxygen generation system, preferably, the ventilation assembly comprises a second pipeline, the air outlet ends of the two adsorption towers in the absorption dryer are connected through the second pipeline, and the second pipeline is provided with a first on-off control valve.
In the above oxygen generation system, preferably, the exhaust assembly comprises an exhaust pipeline connected with a tail gas discharge port of the oxygen generator, and the exhaust pipeline is provided with a second on-off control valve for controlling the on-off of the exhaust pipeline.
In the above oxygen generation system, preferably, the exhaust control assembly of the absorption drying machine includes a first air outlet pipe, and the air outlet ends of the two adsorption towers in the absorption drying machine are respectively connected to the first air outlet pipe through a second one-way valve which enables air to flow to the first air outlet pipe in one way; the exhaust control assembly of the oxygen generator comprises a second outlet pipe, the air outlet ends of the two adsorption towers in the oxygen generator are respectively connected with the second outlet pipe through a third one-way valve which enables air to flow to the second outlet pipe in a one-way mode, and the air outlet ends of the two adsorption towers in the oxygen generator are connected through a throttle valve.
Above-mentioned system oxygen system, it is preferred that the control assembly that admits air includes exhaust emission port and air inlet, the inlet end of each adsorption tower through independent third disconnected control valve with exhaust emission port links to each other, the inlet end of each adsorption tower through independent fourth disconnected control valve with the air inlet links to each other.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of:
the utility model discloses an in the production process among the oxygen system, the high pressure rich nitrogen gas that produces during the regeneration of adsorption tower in the oxygenerator discharges the back from exhaust vent, accessible control exhaust assembly's intercommunication and disconnection make the optional inlet end that gets into each adsorption tower in the blotter of oxygenerator exhaust vent exhaust high pressure rich nitrogen gas for the pressure-equalizing and the regeneration of adsorption tower in the blotter, the air supply volume of reducible air compressor machine under the unchangeable condition of oxygenerator oxygen production, thereby reduce the energy consumption of unit oxygen output. And the air outlet ends of the two adsorption towers in the suction dryer are directly connected with the tail gas discharge port of the oxygen generator through the one-way circulation assembly respectively, so that the pipeline connection can be reduced, the flow is smoother, the equipment installation and maintenance cost is reduced, and the implementation, popularization and application are easy.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a pressure swing adsorption oxygen generation gas path system.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a conventional oxygen generation system using a freeze dryer.
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a prior art oxygen generation system using a suction dryer.
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a prior art oxygen generation system with a suction dryer and a surge tank.
Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of the oxygen generation system of the present invention.
Illustration of the drawings:
1. an air compressor; 2. a suction drier; 3. drying the tank; 4. an oxygen generator; 101. an adsorption tower; 1011. an air inlet end; 1012. an air outlet end; 102. an air intake control assembly; 1021. a tail gas discharge port; 1022. an air inlet; 103. an exhaust control assembly; 1031. a first air outlet pipe; 1032. a second air outlet pipe; 201. a first pipeline; 202. a second pipeline; 203. an exhaust line; 301. a first check valve; 302. a second one-way valve; 303. a third check valve; 401. a first on-off control valve; 402. a second on-off control valve; 403. a third shutoff control valve; 404. a fourth break control valve; 501. a throttle valve.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the following drawings and specific embodiments.
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 5, the oxygen generation system of this embodiment, including the air compressor machine 1 that connects gradually, the absorption machine 2, dry jar 3 and oxygenerator 4, absorption machine 2 and oxygenerator 4 all include two adsorption towers 101, the inlet end 1011 of two adsorption towers 101 links to each other with dry jar 3 through air admission control subassembly 102, the end 1012 of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers 101 is connected with exhaust control subassembly 103, the end 1012 of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers 101 in the absorption machine 2 links to each other with the tail gas discharge port 1021 of air admission control subassembly 102 in the oxygenerator 4 through one-way circulation subassembly respectively, one-way circulation subassembly makes gas only to two adsorption towers 101 one-way circulation, be connected with the subassembly of ventilating of steerable break-make between the end 1012 of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers 101 in the absorption machine 2, the tail gas discharge port 1021 of air admission control subassembly 102 is connected with the exhaust subassembly of steerable break-make in the oxygenerator-make-up in oxygenerator-up machine 4.
In the production process in this system of oxygen, the high pressure nitrogen-rich gas that produces when adsorption tower 101 regenerates in oxygenerator 4 discharges from tail gas discharge port 1021, accessible control exhaust assembly's intercommunication and disconnection, make the high pressure nitrogen-rich gas that oxygenerator 4 tail gas discharge port 1021 discharged selectively get into the inlet end 1011 of each adsorption tower 101 in the blotter 2, be used for the pressure-equalizing and the regeneration of adsorption tower 101 in the blotter 2, the air feed volume of reducible air compressor machine 1 under the unchangeable condition of oxygenerator 4 oxygen generation volume, thereby reduce the energy consumption of unit oxygen output. Moreover, the air outlet ends 1012 of the two adsorption towers 101 in the absorption dryer 2 are directly connected with the tail gas discharge port 1021 of the oxygen generator 4 through one-way circulation components, so that the pipeline connection can be reduced, the flow is smoother, the equipment installation and maintenance cost is reduced, and the implementation, the popularization and the application are easy.
In this embodiment, the one-way circulation component includes a first pipeline 201, one end of the first pipeline 201 is connected to a tail gas discharge port 1021 of the oxygen generator 4, and the gas outlet ends 1012 of the two adsorption towers 101 in the blotting machine 2 are respectively connected to the other end of the first pipeline 201 through a first one-way valve 301. The structure is simple and compact, the cost is low, and the assembly is easy.
In this embodiment, the ventilation assembly includes the second pipeline 202, the gas outlet ends 1012 of the two adsorption towers 101 in the absorption dryer 2 are connected through the second pipeline 202, the second pipeline 202 is provided with the first on-off control valve 401, the first on-off control valve 401 is used for controlling the oxygen output from the gas outlet end 1012 of one adsorption tower 101 to be introduced into the other adsorption tower 101 for pressure equalization, and the ventilation assembly is simple and compact in structure, low in cost and easy to assemble.
In this embodiment, the exhaust assembly includes an exhaust pipe 203 connected to a tail gas discharge port 1021 of the oxygen generator 4, and a second on-off control valve 402 for controlling on-off of the exhaust pipe 203 is disposed on the exhaust pipe 203. The structure is simple and compact, the cost is low, and the assembly is easy.
In this embodiment, the exhaust control assembly 103 of the blotting dryer 2 includes a first outlet pipe 1031, and the outlet ends 1012 of the two adsorption towers 101 in the blotting dryer 2 are respectively connected to the first outlet pipe 1031 through a second one-way valve 302 that allows gas to flow only in one direction through the first outlet pipe 1031; the exhaust control assembly 103 of the oxygen generator 4 comprises a second air outlet pipe 1032, the air outlet ends 1012 of the two adsorption towers 101 in the oxygen generator 4 are respectively connected with the second air outlet pipe 1032 through a third one-way valve 303 which enables air to flow to the second air outlet pipe 1032 in a one-way manner, and the air outlet ends 1012 of the two adsorption towers 101 in the oxygen generator 4 are connected through a throttle valve 501.
In this embodiment, the air inlet control assembly 102 includes an exhaust gas outlet 1021 and an air inlet 1022, an air inlet 1011 of each adsorption tower 101 is connected to the exhaust gas outlet 1021 through an independent third break-off control valve 403, and the air inlet 1011 of each adsorption tower 101 is connected to the air inlet 1022 through an independent fourth break-off control valve 404.
The air inlet control component 102 and the air outlet control component 103 can meet the air inlet and outlet requirements of the suction dryer 2 and the oxygen generator 4. In other embodiments, the air intake control assembly 102 and the air exhaust control assembly 103 may also take other forms, as long as the air intake and exhaust requirements of the absorption dryer 2 and the oxygen generator 4 can be met.
Example 2:
an oxygen generation method using the oxygen generation system of example 1 is adopted, in which the time from the start of the adsorption operation of each adsorption tower 101 to the switching to another adsorption tower 101 for the adsorption operation of the sorption dryer 2 is set to S1, and the time from the start of the adsorption operation of each adsorption tower 101 to the switching to another adsorption tower 101 for the adsorption operation of the oxygen generator 4 is set to S2, so that S1 is equal to S2; defining an adsorption tower 101 for carrying out adsorption work in the working process of the absorption dryer 2 as a tower A, and defining another adsorption tower 101 as a tower B; defining an adsorption tower 101 for carrying out adsorption work in the working process of the oxygen generator 4 as a tower C, and defining another adsorption tower 101 as a tower D;
the switching time of the suction dryer 2 is later than the last switching time of the oxygenerator 4, when the oxygenerator 4 is switched from the adsorption work of the tower C to the adsorption work of the tower D, the exhaust assembly is firstly disconnected, tail gas discharged by the oxygenerator 4 enters the tower B through the one-way circulation assembly, the tower B is pressurized, after the preset time, the ventilation assembly and the exhaust assembly are communicated, the gas in the tower C is exhausted through the exhaust assembly, meanwhile, the gas output from the gas outlet end 1012 of the tower A enters the tower B through the ventilation assembly to pressurize the tower B again, the pressure in the tower B reaches the preset working pressure, and then the adsorption work of the suction dryer 2 from the tower A is switched to the adsorption work of the tower B; when the pressure of the tower A is reduced to zero, the exhaust assembly is disconnected, so that the tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 enters the tower A through the one-way circulation assembly, and the tower A is regenerated.
The oxygen generation method fully utilizes the high-pressure nitrogen-rich tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 to carry out pressure equalization and regeneration on the suction dryer 2, can greatly save the dry air at the outlet of the suction dryer 2, and further reduces the energy consumption of unit oxygen output. Meanwhile, in the pressure equalizing process of the dryer 2, the high-pressure nitrogen-rich tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 is firstly utilized for pre-stage pressurization for preset time, then the dry air generated by the dryer 2 is utilized for secondary pressure equalization, the high-pressure nitrogen-rich tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 is emptied for a period of time, and the high-pressure nitrogen-rich tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 is utilized for regenerating the dryer 2, so that the influence on the regeneration of the oxygen generator 104 can be avoided.
In this embodiment, the predetermined time is less than S2/20. The pressure equalizing time of the tower C to the tower B is too long to occupy the regeneration time of the tower C, the oxygen production effect is prevented from being influenced, and meanwhile, the dry nitrogen-rich gas in the tower C can be utilized to the maximum extent. Preferably, the predetermined time range is from S2/30 to S2/20, so as to optimize the above effects.
Example 3:
an oxygen generation method using the oxygen generation system of example 1, wherein the time from the start of the adsorption operation of each adsorption tower 101 to the switching to another adsorption tower 101 in the sorption dryer 2 is set to S1, and the time from the start of the adsorption operation of each adsorption tower 101 to the switching to another adsorption tower 101 in the oxygen generator 4 is set to S2, so that S1 is an integral multiple of S2; defining an adsorption tower 101 for carrying out adsorption work in the working process of the absorption dryer 2 as a tower A, and defining another adsorption tower 101 as a tower B; defining an adsorption tower 101 for carrying out adsorption work in the working process of the oxygen generator 4 as a tower C, and defining another adsorption tower 101 as a tower D;
in the time period of S1, the switching time of the sorption dryer 2 is later than the last switching time of the oxygenerator 4, and when the last adsorption work of the oxygenerator 4 is switched from the adsorption work of the tower C to the adsorption work of the tower D, the exhaust assembly is disconnected first, tail gas discharged by the oxygenerator 4 enters the tower B through the one-way circulation assembly, the tower B is pressurized, after the preset time, the ventilation assembly and the exhaust assembly are communicated, gas in the tower C is exhausted through the exhaust assembly, gas output from the gas outlet end 1012 of the tower A enters the tower B through the ventilation assembly to pressurize the tower B again, the pressure in the tower B reaches the preset working pressure, and then the sorption dryer 2 is switched from the adsorption work of the tower A to the adsorption work of the tower B; when the pressure of the tower A is reduced to zero, the exhaust assembly is disconnected, so that the tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 enters the tower A through the one-way circulation assembly to regenerate the tower A;
when oxygenerator 4 switched to tower D by tower C and carried out the adsorption work in other times, break ventilation assembly and exhaust assembly earlier, by tower C to tower D voltage-sharing, when tower D pressure reached predetermined operating pressure, put through exhaust assembly earlier and make tower C pressure will reach zero rapidly, later closed the emission subassembly again, open ventilation assembly simultaneously, make the tail gas from oxygenerator 4 exhaust continue to enter tower B through one-way circulation subassembly, regenerate tower B. Thus, in the time period of S1 of the oxygen generator 4, except for the time when the oxygen generator 4 is switched for the last time, the blotting machine 3 only uses the normal-pressure back flushing air from the oxygen generator 4; when the suction dryer 3 needs to switch the working cavity, the high-pressure back-blowing pressure equalization for the last switching from the oxygen generator 4 can be fully utilized, and the energy is saved to the maximum extent.
The oxygen generation method fully utilizes the high-pressure nitrogen-rich tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 to carry out pressure equalization and regeneration on the suction dryer 2, can greatly save the dry air at the outlet of the suction dryer 2, and further reduces the energy consumption of unit oxygen output. Meanwhile, in the pressure equalizing process of the dryer 2, the high-pressure nitrogen-rich tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 is firstly utilized for pre-stage pressurization for preset time, then the dry air generated by the dryer 2 is utilized for secondary pressure equalization, the high-pressure nitrogen-rich tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 is emptied for a period of time, and the high-pressure nitrogen-rich tail gas of the oxygen generator 4 is utilized for regenerating the dryer 2, so that the influence on the regeneration of the oxygen generator 104 can be avoided.
In this embodiment, the predetermined time is less than S2/20. The pressure equalizing time of the tower C to the tower B is too long to occupy the regeneration time of the tower C, the oxygen production effect is prevented from being influenced, and meanwhile, the dry nitrogen-rich gas in the tower C can be utilized to the maximum extent. Preferably, the predetermined time range is from S2/30 to S2/20, so as to optimize the above effects.
The above description is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments. For those skilled in the art, the modifications and changes obtained without departing from the technical idea of the present invention shall be considered as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an oxygen generation system, includes air compressor machine (1), the dry machine of inhaling (2), dry jar (3) and oxygenerator (4) that connect gradually, dry machine of inhaling (2) and oxygenerator (4) all include two adsorption towers (101), and inlet end (1011) of two adsorption towers (101) link to each other with dry jar (3) through air admission control assembly (102), and end (1012) of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers (101) are connected with exhaust control assembly (103), its characterized in that: inhale end (1012) of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers (101) in dry machine (2) and link to each other through tail gas discharge port (1021) of the control assembly (102) of admitting air in one-way circulation subassembly and oxygenerator (4) respectively, the one-way circulation subassembly makes gas only to two adsorption towers (101) one-way circulation, it is connected with the subassembly of ventilating of steerable break-make between end (1012) to give vent to anger of two adsorption towers (101) in dry machine (2), tail gas discharge port (1021) of the control assembly (102) of admitting air in oxygenerator (4) are connected with the exhaust subassembly of steerable break-make.
2. The oxygen generation system of claim 1, wherein: the one-way circulation assembly comprises a first pipeline (201), one end of the first pipeline (201) is connected with a tail gas discharge port (1021) of the oxygen generator (4), and gas outlet ends (1012) of two adsorption towers (101) in the suction dryer (2) are respectively connected with the other end of the first pipeline (201) through a first one-way valve (301).
3. The oxygen generation system of claim 1, wherein: the ventilation assembly comprises a second pipeline (202), the air outlet ends (1012) of two adsorption towers (101) in the absorption dryer (2) are connected through the second pipeline (202), and a first on-off control valve (401) is arranged on the second pipeline (202).
4. The oxygen generation system of claim 1, wherein: exhaust assembly includes exhaust pipe (203) of being connected with tail gas discharge port (1021) of oxygenerator (4), be equipped with second break-make control valve (402) that are used for controlling exhaust pipe (203) break-make on exhaust pipe (203).
5. The oxygen generation system as set forth in any one of claims 1 through 4, wherein: the exhaust control component (103) of the drying machine (2) comprises a first air outlet pipe (1031), and the air outlet ends (1012) of two adsorption towers (101) in the drying machine (2) are respectively connected with the first air outlet pipe (1031) through a second one-way valve (302) which enables air to flow to the first air outlet pipe (1031) in one way; exhaust control assembly (103) of oxygenerator (4) include second outlet duct (1032), end (1012) of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers (101) in oxygenerator (4) link to each other with second outlet duct (1032) through third check valve (303) that make gas only to second outlet duct (1032) one-way circulation respectively, end (1012) of giving vent to anger of two adsorption towers (101) in oxygenerator (4) link to each other through choke valve (501).
6. The oxygen generation system as set forth in any one of claims 1 through 4, wherein: the air inlet control assembly (102) comprises an exhaust gas outlet (1021) and an air inlet (1022), wherein an air inlet end (1011) of each adsorption tower (101) is connected with the exhaust gas outlet (1021) through an independent third on-off control valve (403), and the air inlet end (1011) of each adsorption tower (101) is connected with the air inlet (1022) through an independent fourth on-off control valve (404).
CN202123215230.4U 2021-12-17 2021-12-17 Oxygen generation system Active CN216457903U (en)

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