CN216398618U - Surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft manufacturing - Google Patents

Surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft manufacturing Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN216398618U
CN216398618U CN202123130792.9U CN202123130792U CN216398618U CN 216398618 U CN216398618 U CN 216398618U CN 202123130792 U CN202123130792 U CN 202123130792U CN 216398618 U CN216398618 U CN 216398618U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide rail
crankshaft
sliding
bracing piece
support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202123130792.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张国辉
蔡勇
吴常军
谢怀锐
王大海
吴伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liaoning Huayue Precision Processing Corp ltd
Original Assignee
Liaoning Huayue Precision Processing Corp ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Liaoning Huayue Precision Processing Corp ltd filed Critical Liaoning Huayue Precision Processing Corp ltd
Priority to CN202123130792.9U priority Critical patent/CN216398618U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN216398618U publication Critical patent/CN216398618U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Automobile Manufacture Line, Endless Track Vehicle, Trailer (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a surface strengthening treatment device for manufacturing an automobile crankshaft, which belongs to the technical field of automobile crankshafts and comprises a workbench, a support rod A, a screw rod slide rail A, a support plate A and a screw rod slide rail B, wherein the screw rod slide rail A is fixedly arranged at both ends in the middle of the top of the workbench, the support plate A is arranged at the top of the screw rod slide rail A in a sliding mode through a slide block, and the support rod A is fixedly arranged at both front and rear ends of the top of the workbench, which are close to the outer side of the support plate A. According to the utility model, when a worker controls the screw rod slide rail A to drive the support plate A to move towards opposite directions through the slide block, the support plate A moves outside the support rod A through the slide block, so that after the distance between the two support frames reaches a proper distance, the worker places a crankshaft needing physical surface strengthening between the two support frames, and at the moment, the worker controls the electric telescopic rod to extend out of the support plate B, so that the arc-shaped clamping plates on the opposite surfaces of the support plate B contact the surfaces of the two ends of the crankshaft, and then the crankshaft is clamped and fixed.

Description

Surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft manufacturing
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of automobile crankshafts, and particularly relates to a surface strengthening treatment device for manufacturing an automobile crankshaft.
Background
An automobile crankshaft is an important part in an engine and is used for bearing force transmitted by a connecting rod, so that the crankshaft bears the action of bending and twisting loads.
Present staff is strengthening the device through using the bent axle surface, when carrying out the roll extrusion strengthening treatment of physics to the automobile crankshaft of production, because only single carry out the centre gripping through two smooth holders in surface and handle, make the bent axle when rotating to carry out the roll extrusion, can cause to cause between bent axle both ends and the holder not hard up, and produce great friction between the holder and cause wearing and tearing, make the bent axle cause the damage easily, and because current bent axle surface strengthening device is when the staff uses owing to carry out spacing fixed between the clamp plate that is used for the roll extrusion bent axle with two, make the bent axle when pushing down through the clamp plate and carrying out the roll extrusion, can cause the not hard up of clamp plate, and cause the influence to the roll extrusion efficiency of bent axle.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to: in order to solve the problems that the conventional crankshaft surface strengthening device has poor fixing effect on a crankshaft and a pressing plate for rolling is easy to loosen, the surface strengthening treatment device for manufacturing the automobile crankshaft is provided.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model is as follows: the utility model provides a surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft makes, includes workstation, bracing piece A, lead screw slide rail A, backup pad A and lead screw slide rail B, the equal fixed mounting in both ends has lead screw slide rail A in the middle of the workstation top, lead screw slide rail A top all is provided with backup pad A through the slider slip, the equal fixed mounting in both ends has bracing piece A around the workstation top is close to the backup pad A outside, and both ends all slide the setting in the bracing piece A outside through the slider around the backup pad A outer wall, the equal fixed mounting in both ends has lead screw slide rail B around in the middle of the workstation top, backup pad A top opposite face all is provided with centre gripping fixed establishment, lead screw slide rail B top opposite face all is provided with the roll extrusion and strengthens the mechanism.
Wherein, centre gripping fixed establishment comprises servo motor, support frame, electric telescopic handle, backup pad B and splint, the equal fixed mounting in backup pad A top opposite face has servo motor, the servo motor other end has the support frame through output shaft connection, the equal fixed mounting in both ends has electric telescopic handle about the support frame, the equal fixed mounting of electric telescopic handle other end has backup pad B, the equal fixed mounting in backup pad B opposite face has splint, and splint are the arc form setting.
Wherein the rolling strengthening mechanism consists of a support rod B, a chute A, a support rod C, a roller, a sliding rod A and a pressing plate, the top of the screw rod slide rail B is provided with a support rod B through a slide block in a sliding way, the opposite surfaces of the outer walls of the support rods B are embedded with sliding chutes A, a support rod C is arranged on the opposite surface of the outer side of the support rod B, a roller is arranged on the rear side of the support rod C through a bearing in a rotating way, the roller wheels are arranged at the inner side of the chute A in a matching and sliding manner, the inner side of the front end of the support rod C is provided with a sliding rod A in a sliding manner, the opposite surfaces of the sliding rod A are fixedly provided with press plates, the press plates are arranged in an arc shape, the upper end and the lower end of the outer wall of one press plate are fixedly provided with a chute B, the upper end and the lower end of the outer wall of the other press plate are fixedly provided with a sliding rod B, and the sliding rod B is arranged at the inner side of the sliding groove B in a fit and sliding manner, and the sliding groove B is connected with the sliding rod B through a bolt.
The outer surface of the clamping plate is made of silicon rubber.
Wherein, the outer surface material of splint is foam rubber.
In summary, due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. this kind of a surface strengthening processing apparatus for automobile crankshaft makes can make the staff arrange the bent axle that needs carry out physical surface strengthening in between two support frames through being provided with splint, and at this moment the staff controls electric telescopic handle and stretches out backup pad B, makes the arc form splint of backup pad B opposite face contact bent axle both ends surface after, carries out the centre gripping with the bent axle and fixes.
2. This kind of a surface strengthening processing apparatus for automobile crankshaft makes is through being provided with spout B and slide bar B, when can making two arc form clamp plates contact the axostylus axostyle outer wall on bent axle surface, will make the slide bar B of another clamp plate outer wall slide in the spout B inboard of opposite face clamp plate outer wall to by the staff with through the bolt fastening between spout B and the slide bar B, when making the bent axle carry out the roll extrusion through the clamp plate, the clamp plate can not cause not hard up.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front sectional view of a surface enhancement treatment apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side sectional view of a surface-strengthening treatment apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure A in FIG. 2 according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of a top perspective view of the splint of the present invention.
The labels in the figure are: 1. a work table; 101. a support rod A; 2. a screw rod slide rail A; 201. a support plate A; 3. a servo motor; 301. a support frame; 302. an electric telescopic rod; 303. a support plate B; 304. a splint; 4. a screw rod slide rail B; 401. a support bar B; 4011. a chute A; 402. a support bar C; 4021. a roller; 403. a slide bar A; 404. pressing a plate; 405. a chute B; 406. and a sliding rod B.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the utility model:
referring to fig. 1-4, a surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft manufacturing, comprises a workbench 1, a support rod a101, a screw rod slide rail A2, a support plate a201 and a screw rod slide rail B4, the middle of the top of the workbench 1 is fixedly provided with a screw rod slide rail A2 at both ends, the top of the screw rod slide rail A2 is provided with a support plate a201 through sliding of a slider, the top of the workbench 1 is close to the front and rear ends of the outer side of the support plate a201 and is fixedly provided with a support rod a101, the front and rear ends of the outer wall of the support plate a201 are arranged outside the support rod a101 through sliding of a slider, the front and rear ends of the top of the workbench 1 are fixedly provided with a screw rod slide rail B4, the opposite surface of the top of the support plate a201 is provided with a clamping and fixing mechanism, and the opposite surface of the top of the screw rod slide rail B4 is provided with a rolling strengthening mechanism.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 4, further, the clamping and fixing mechanism is composed of a servo motor 3, a support frame 301, an electric telescopic rod 302, a support plate B303 and a clamping plate 304;
opposite surfaces of the top of the supporting plate A201 are fixedly provided with the servo motors 3, the other end of each servo motor 3 is connected with the supporting frames 301 through an output shaft, the upper end and the lower end of each supporting frame 301 are fixedly provided with the electric telescopic rods 302, the other end of each electric telescopic rod 302 is fixedly provided with the supporting plate B303, opposite surfaces of the supporting plates B303 are fixedly provided with the clamping plates 304, and the clamping plates 304 are arranged in an arc shape, when a worker needs to perform physical surface strengthening treatment on a produced automobile crankshaft, after carrying the automobile crankshaft produced in large quantity to a work place, the screw rod sliding rails A2 are controlled to drive the supporting plates A201 to move towards opposite directions through the sliding blocks, the supporting plates A201 move outside the supporting rods A101 through the sliding blocks, after the distance between the two supporting frames 301 reaches a proper distance, the worker places the crankshaft needing physical surface strengthening between the two supporting frames 301, at this time, the operator controls the electric telescopic rod 302 to extend out of the supporting plate B303, so that the arc-shaped clamping plates 304 on the opposite surfaces of the supporting plate B303 contact with the surfaces of the two ends of the crankshaft, and then the crankshaft is clamped and fixed.
Referring to fig. 1-3, further, the rolling strengthening mechanism is composed of a support rod B401, a chute a4011, a support rod C402, a roller 4021, a sliding rod a403 and a pressing plate 404;
the top of the screw rod slide rail B4 is provided with a support rod B401 through a slide block in a sliding manner, the opposite surface of the outer wall of the support rod B401 is embedded with a chute A4011, the outside opposite surface of the support rod B401 is provided with a support rod C402, the rear side of the support rod C402 is provided with a roller 4021 through a bearing in a rotating manner, the roller 4021 is arranged inside the chute A4011 in a matching and sliding manner, the inner side of the front end of the support rod C402 is provided with a slide rod A403 in a sliding manner, the opposite surface of the slide rod A403 is fixedly provided with a pressing plate 404, and the pressing plate 404 is arranged in an arc shape, after a worker fixes a crankshaft, the screw rod slide rail B4 is controlled to drive the pressing plate 404 on the opposite surface of the support rod B401 to simultaneously move to the position of a shaft rod of which the surface of the crankshaft needs physical rolling reinforcement, the worker pulls the slide rod A403 to slide on the inner side of the support rod C402, so that the two arc-shaped pressing plates 404 contact the outer wall of the shaft rod on the surface, the crankshaft, the worker fixes the two pressing plates 404, and the servo motor 3 is started to drive the crankshaft to rotate, so that the sliding rod A403 slides back and forth on the inner side of the supporting rod C402, the supporting rod C402 slides on the inner side of the sliding groove A4011 through the roller 4021, and the round angle of the inner ring of the arc-shaped pressing plate 404 is pressed on the surface of the shaft rod of the crankshaft to roll the shaft rod.
Referring to fig. 1-3, further, sliding grooves B405 are fixedly installed at the upper end and the lower end of the outer wall of one pressing plate 404, sliding rods B406 are fixedly installed at the upper end and the lower end of the outer wall of the other pressing plate 404, the sliding rods B406 are slidably installed inside the sliding grooves B405, the sliding grooves B405 are connected with the sliding rods B406 through bolts, when a worker pulls the sliding rods a403 to slide inside the supporting rods C402, the two arc-shaped pressing plates 404 are in contact with the outer wall of the shaft rod on the surface of the crankshaft, the sliding rods B406 of the outer wall of the other pressing plate 404 are slid into the inner side of the sliding grooves B405 on the outer wall of the opposite pressing plate 404, and after the worker fixes the sliding grooves B405 and the sliding rods B406 through bolts, the worker opens the servo motor 3 to roll the crankshaft, and the two pressing plates 404 are not loosened.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, further, the lead screw slide rail a2, the servo motor 3, the electric telescopic rod 302 and the lead screw slide rail B4 are electrically connected to an external power supply through a control panel.
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, the outer surface of the clamp plate 304 is made of silicon rubber, and the silicon rubber has a high-activity adsorption characteristic, so that the clamp plate 304 can contact with two ends of the crankshaft, friction between the clamp plate 304 and the crankshaft is increased after the crankshaft is clamped, and the crankshaft can not rotate when the rolling surface of the crankshaft is strengthened.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, in addition to the embodiment of the present invention in which the outer surface of the clamping plate 304 is made of silicon rubber, another embodiment of the present invention is that the outer surface of the clamping plate 304 is made of foam rubber, and since the foam rubber has light, wear-resistant and anti-slip characteristics, the clamping plate 304 can contact with two ends of the crankshaft, and after the crankshaft is clamped, the friction between the clamping plate 304 and the crankshaft is increased, so that when the rolling surface of the crankshaft is strengthened, the crankshaft can not rotate, and the clamping of the crankshaft can be prevented from being affected by cracks due to an excessive force for clamping the crankshaft for a long time.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, when a worker needs to physically strengthen the surface of a produced automobile crankshaft, after the worker carries the automobile crankshaft produced in large quantity to a work place, the lead screw slide rail A2 is controlled to drive the support plate A201 to move towards the opposite direction through the slide block, the support plate A201 moves outside the support rod A101 through the slide block, after the distance between the two support frames 301 reaches a proper distance, the worker places the crankshaft needing to be physically strengthened on the surface between the two support frames 301, at the moment, the worker controls the electric telescopic rod 302 to extend out of the support plate B303, so that the arc-shaped clamping plates 304 on the opposite surfaces of the support plate B303 contact the surfaces of the two ends of the crankshaft, clamps and fixes the crankshaft, then, the worker controls the lead screw slide rail B4 to drive the pressing plates 404 on the opposite surfaces of the support rods B401 and simultaneously move to the position of a shaft rod on the surface of the crankshaft needing to be physically rolled and strengthened, the staff pulls slide bar A403 to slide in bracing piece C402 inboard, make two arc form clamp plates 404 contact the axostylus axostyle outer wall on crankshaft surface, finally, slide bar B406 of another clamp plate 404 outer wall slides in the spout B405 inboard of opposite face clamp plate 404 outer wall, and pass through the bolt fastening back between spout B405 and slide bar B406 by the staff, the staff opens servo motor 3 and drives the crankshaft and rotate, will make slide bar A403 make a round trip at bracing piece C402 inboard gliding simultaneously, make bracing piece C402 pass through gyro wheel 4021 and slide in spout A4011 inboard, make the fillet of arc form clamp plate 404 inner circle press and carry out the roll extrusion processing to the axostylus axostyle of crankshaft after finishing at the axostylus axostyle surface roll extrusion processing of crankshaft, take next crankshaft and carry out roll extrusion strengthening processing once more.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the utility model, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a surface strengthening processing apparatus for automobile crankshaft makes, includes workstation (1), bracing piece A (101), lead screw slide rail A (2), backup pad A (201) and lead screw slide rail B (4), the equal fixed mounting in both ends has lead screw slide rail A (2) in the middle of workstation (1) top, lead screw slide rail A (2) top all slides through the slider and is provided with backup pad A (201), the equal fixed mounting in both ends has bracing piece A (101) around workstation (1) top is close to backup pad A (201) outside, and both ends all slide through the slider around backup pad A (201) outer wall and set up in bracing piece A (101) outside, the equal fixed mounting in both ends has lead screw slide rail B (4) around workstation (1) top, its characterized in that: the opposite surfaces of the tops of the supporting plates A (201) are respectively provided with a clamping and fixing mechanism, and the opposite surfaces of the tops of the lead screw sliding rails B (4) are respectively provided with a rolling strengthening mechanism.
2. A surface-hardening treatment apparatus for automobile crankshaft manufacture as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the clamping and fixing mechanism is composed of a servo motor (3), a support frame (301), an electric telescopic rod (302), a support plate B (303) and a clamping plate (304);
backup pad A (201) top opposite face all is provided with servo motor (3), servo motor (3) other end has support frame (301) through output shaft, the equal fixed mounting in both ends has electric telescopic handle (302) about support frame (301), the equal fixed mounting of electric telescopic handle (302) other end has backup pad B (303), backup pad B (303) opposite face all is provided with splint (304), and splint (304) are the arc form setting.
3. A surface-hardening treatment apparatus for automobile crankshaft manufacture as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the rolling strengthening mechanism is composed of a support rod B (401), a sliding groove A (4011), a support rod C (402), a roller (4021), a sliding rod A (403) and a pressing plate (404);
lead screw slide rail B (4) top all is provided with bracing piece B (401) through the slider activity, bracing piece B (401) outer wall opposite face all imbeds and is provided with spout A (4011), bracing piece B (401) outside opposite face all is provided with bracing piece C (402), bracing piece C (402) rear side is provided with gyro wheel (4021) through the bearing rotation, and gyro wheel (4021) agree with to slide and set up inboard at spout A (4011), bracing piece C (402) front end inboard activity is provided with slide bar A (403), slide bar A (403) opposite face all is provided with clamp plate (404), and clamp plate (404) are the arc form setting.
4. A surface-hardening treatment apparatus for automobile crankshaft manufacture according to claim 3, wherein: the upper end and the lower end of the outer wall of one pressing plate (404) are fixedly provided with sliding chutes B (405), the upper end and the lower end of the outer wall of the other pressing plate (404) are provided with sliding rods B (406), the sliding rods B (406) are arranged on the inner side of the sliding chutes B (405) in a matching and sliding mode, and the sliding chutes B (405) and the sliding rods B (406) are connected through bolts.
5. A surface-hardening treatment apparatus for automobile crankshaft manufacture as set forth in claim 2, wherein: the outer surface of the clamping plate (304) is made of silicon rubber.
6. A surface-hardening treatment apparatus for automobile crankshaft manufacture as set forth in claim 2, wherein: the outer surface of the clamping plate (304) is made of foamed rubber.
CN202123130792.9U 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft manufacturing Active CN216398618U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123130792.9U CN216398618U (en) 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft manufacturing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123130792.9U CN216398618U (en) 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft manufacturing

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216398618U true CN216398618U (en) 2022-04-29

Family

ID=81282333

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202123130792.9U Active CN216398618U (en) 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft manufacturing

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216398618U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115179226A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-10-14 安徽晋煤中能化工股份有限公司 Steam turbine rotor blade assembly locking tool

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115179226A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-10-14 安徽晋煤中能化工股份有限公司 Steam turbine rotor blade assembly locking tool

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN111424994B (en) Steel construction interfacing apparatus for construction
CN216398618U (en) Surface strengthening treatment device for automobile crankshaft manufacturing
CN212069983U (en) High elasticity beryllium copper alloy area apparatus for producing
CN218312637U (en) Steel rail polishing measuring device with positioning structure
CN206845394U (en) The special fixture of wind electricity blade lifting rotation
CN215659601U (en) Bridge steel structure application auxiliary device
CN212497380U (en) Be used for aircraft wheel hub maintenance specialized tool
CN214929952U (en) Tool bogie is used in aluminium alloy storage convenient to transportation
CN112548806B (en) Steel bar rust cleaning device for building construction
CN213034388U (en) Clamping equipment for outer surface treatment of U-shaped steel for building
CN210415560U (en) Graphite alkene heating film welded fastening device
CN208514291U (en) A kind of polissoir for bicycle spare parts and accessories
CN213378986U (en) Straightening device for producing bridge deck pavement prestress special material
CN217800945U (en) Aluminum alloy door and window processing polishing equipment
CN213476211U (en) Clamping tool for guide roll of spinning machine
CN217147367U (en) Inclined conveying type tire conveying chain
CN220498583U (en) Roller repairing and polishing device
CN218424913U (en) Promote T shaped steel levelling machine of practicality
CN211990749U (en) Efficient energy-saving electric screw forging press
CN214816750U (en) Rotary carbon fiber badminton racket drilling clamp
CN110459986B (en) Electric power dispatching electric wire netting construction is with leading a machine
CN220128451U (en) Steel construction surface rust cleaning device that polishes
CN219858923U (en) Magnesium alloy notebook shell fixing device
CN214817754U (en) Positioning structure of automobile front suspension clamping device
CN218488224U (en) Assembly type detachable steel structure fixing structure of operation platform for installation and welding

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant