CN216395852U - Boiler with waste gas advanced treatment - Google Patents

Boiler with waste gas advanced treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216395852U
CN216395852U CN202122086593.6U CN202122086593U CN216395852U CN 216395852 U CN216395852 U CN 216395852U CN 202122086593 U CN202122086593 U CN 202122086593U CN 216395852 U CN216395852 U CN 216395852U
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waste gas
boiler
treatment
case
pipe
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CN202122086593.6U
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姜川
曾晓东
马丽平
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Xinjiang Zhonghaimingda Energy Co ltd
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Xinjiang Zhonghaimingda Energy Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of boilers, in particular to a boiler with deep treatment of waste gas, which comprises a boiler body, wherein a treatment box is arranged on the right side of the boiler body, a settling chamber and a cold spray chamber are arranged inside the treatment box, a filter screen group is arranged inside the settling chamber, a liquid inlet pipe is arranged at the top end of the settling chamber, an adsorption plate is arranged above the settling chamber, a gas collecting hood is arranged at the top end of the cold spray chamber, and a cold spray head is arranged inside the gas collecting hood; when the waste gas is treated, the settling chamber performs settling dust settling and desulfurization treatment on the waste gas, the filter screen group performs layer-by-layer filtration on smoke dust in the waste gas, the adsorption plate effectively adsorbs sulfur dioxide, ammonia oxide, smoke dust and the like in the waste gas, and the cold shower head performs cold shower on the waste gas gathered by the gas collecting hood to further remove solid particles in the waste gas, so that the treatment effect on the smoke dust in the waste gas is enhanced, the phenomenon that the excessive smoke dust affects desulfurization and denitrification treatment is avoided, the purpose of deep treatment on the waste gas is achieved, and the waste gas is convenient to discharge up to the standard.

Description

Boiler with waste gas advanced treatment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of boilers, in particular to a boiler with deep treatment of waste gas.
Background
The boiler is an energy conversion device, the energy input to the boiler comprises chemical energy and electric energy in fuel, and the boiler outputs steam, high-temperature water or an organic heat carrier with certain heat energy. The hot water or steam generated in the boiler can directly provide heat energy for industrial production and people life, and can also be converted into mechanical energy through a steam power device, or the mechanical energy is converted into electric energy through a generator.
The biomass boiler is a boiler using biomass energy such as crop straws, agricultural processing wastes and the like as fuel. Compared with a coal-fired boiler, the biomass boiler has the advantages of low sulfur dioxide and ammonia oxide content in the discharged flue gas, renewability, low pollution, wide distribution, very rich total amount and the like, and can save the energy consumption. However, when biomass fuels such as crop straws and agricultural processing wastes are wet, the fuels can not be combusted sufficiently, a large amount of smoke and dust are generated in the combustion process, the content of sulfur dioxide and ammonia oxide in waste gas is increased, and if the treatment of the smoke and dust cannot be enhanced, the desulfurization and denitrification treatment of the waste gas can be influenced by the large amount of smoke and dust in the waste gas, so that the desulfurization and denitrification treatment effect is reduced, and the waste gas cannot reach the standard and is discharged. In view of this, we propose a boiler with advanced treatment of the exhaust gases.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to make up for the above deficiencies, the utility model provides a boiler with advanced waste gas treatment.
The technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
the utility model provides a boiler with waste gas advanced treatment, includes the boiler body, the right side of boiler body is equipped with handles the case, the inside of handling the case is equipped with drip chamber and cold room that drenches, the drip chamber is located the below of cold room that drenches, the furnace body top of boiler body is provided with the exhaust gas pipe, the exhaust gas pipe runs through the left lateral wall bottom of processing case, and extends into the inside of drip chamber.
As preferred technical scheme, the inside of drip chamber and the top that is located the waste gas pipe are equipped with the filter screen group, the below of filter screen group is equipped with first fixed frame, first fixed frame and the inner wall welding of handling the case, the filter screen group cooperates with first fixed frame overlap joint.
As the preferred technical scheme, the right side of handling the case and be close to the top department of drip chamber and be equipped with the feed liquor pipe, the feed liquor pipe runs through the lateral wall of handling the case, and with the lateral wall welding of handling the case, install the feed liquor valve on the feed liquor pipe.
As preferred technical scheme, the inside of handling the case and the top that is located the drip chamber are equipped with the adsorption plate, the below of adsorption plate is equipped with the fixed frame of second, the fixed frame of second and the inner wall welding of handling the case, the adsorption plate cooperates with the fixed frame overlap joint of second.
As an optimized technical scheme, a gas collecting hood is arranged in the treatment box and close to the top end of the cold shower room, the bottom of the gas collecting hood is of a funnel-shaped opening structure, a fixed pipe is arranged at the top of the gas collecting hood, an air outlet pipe is arranged on the right side of the fixed pipe, and the air outlet pipe penetrates through the side wall of the treatment box and is welded with the side wall of the treatment box.
As an optimized technical scheme, the inside of the gas collecting hood is provided with a cold shower head, the bottom of the cold shower head is provided with a plurality of uniformly distributed spray heads, the top of the cold shower head is provided with a water inlet pipe, the water inlet pipe penetrates through the top of the fixed pipe and is welded with the fixed pipe, the water inlet pipe penetrates through the top of the treatment box and is welded with the treatment box, and the water inlet pipe is provided with a control valve.
As an optimal technical scheme, a support is welded on the side wall of the right side of the treatment box and close to the top end of the treatment box, an air pump is installed on the support, one end of the air pump is fixedly connected with an air outlet pipe, and an exhaust pipe is installed at the other end of the air pump.
As an optimized technical scheme, a drain outlet is arranged at the bottom of the treatment box, the drain outlet is of a funnel-shaped structure, and a drain valve is installed on the drain outlet.
As the preferred technical scheme, the bottom of the treatment box and the outer side of the sewage draining exit are provided with a fixing frame, and the fixing frame is welded with the treatment box.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the utility model, the precipitation chamber and the cold leaching chamber are arranged, the sodium hydroxide solution is added into the precipitation chamber through the liquid inlet pipe, so that the sodium hydroxide solution reacts with the waste gas entering the precipitation chamber, the sulfur dioxide content in the flue gas is reduced, meanwhile, the solution in the precipitation chamber is used for reducing dust of the waste gas, and the smoke dust is precipitated in the precipitation chamber, so that the content of the smoke dust is effectively reduced, and the subsequent treatment of the waste gas is facilitated.
2. The multi-layer filter screen group is arranged on the adsorption plate, the adsorption plate is arranged on the filter screen group, the filter screen group is provided with the filter screen group and the adsorption plate, the multi-layer filter screen in the filter screen group can filter smoke dust in waste gas layer by layer, the smoke dust can be conveniently precipitated in the precipitation chamber, the treatment effect of the waste gas is improved, the absorption plate can absorb the smoke dust and harmful gas in the waste gas, the content of sulfur dioxide and ammonia oxide is reduced, the deep absorption is carried out on the waste gas, the desulfurization and denitrification treatment effect is improved, and the waste gas is conveniently discharged.
3. The air extractor is provided with the air collecting hood and the cold shower head, the air extractor can be operated to enable the air collecting hood to collect waste gas in the treatment box, the cold shower head can conveniently remove dust of the waste gas, the cold shower head can enable the cold shower head to spray water downwards to spray water and reduce dust of the waste gas in the air collecting hood, and smoke dust in the waste gas is further removed, so that the waste gas is deeply treated, and the waste gas can be conveniently discharged up to the standard.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a treatment tank of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of a filter screen assembly and an adsorption plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the construction of a gas skirt of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the cold shower head of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a boiler body; 11. an exhaust gas pipe; 2. a treatment tank; 21. a settling chamber; 22. a cold shower; 23. a fixed mount; 3. a filter screen set; 31. a first fixed frame; 4. a liquid inlet pipe; 41. a liquid inlet valve; 5. an adsorption plate; 51. a second fixed frame; 6. a gas-collecting hood; 61. a fixed tube; 62. an air outlet pipe; 7. cooling the shower head; 71. a spray head; 72. a water inlet pipe; 73. a control valve; 8. an air extractor; 81. a support; 82. an exhaust pipe; 9. a sewage draining outlet; 91. a blowoff valve.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", and the like, indicate orientations and positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the equipment or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the utility model provides a boiler with waste gas advanced treatment, includes boiler body 1, and boiler body 1's right side is equipped with handles case 2, and the inside of handling case 2 is equipped with drip chamber 21 and cold shower 22, and drip chamber 21 is located the below of cold shower 22, and boiler body 1's furnace body top is provided with exhaust pipe 11, and exhaust pipe 11 runs through the left lateral wall bottom of handling case 2, and extends into the inside of drip chamber 21.
What need supplement is, the inside of drip chamber 21 and the top that is located exhaust pipe 11 are equipped with filter screen group 3, filter screen group 3 comprises the filter screen that the three-layer is parallel to each other, can carry out the successive layer to the smoke and dust in drip chamber 21 through the filter screen and filter, make things convenient for the smoke and dust to deposit, the improvement is to the treatment effect of smoke and dust, filter screen group 3's below is equipped with first fixed frame 31, first fixed frame 31 and the inner wall welding of handling case 2, filter screen group 3 and the first fixed frame 31 overlap joint cooperation, conveniently install filter screen group 3 in the inside of handling case 2 through first fixed frame 31.
Preferably, a liquid inlet pipe 4 is arranged at the right side of the treatment box 2 and near the top end of the settling chamber 21, the liquid inlet pipe 4 penetrates through the side wall of the treatment box 2 and is welded with the side wall of the treatment box 2, a liquid inlet valve 41 is installed on the liquid inlet pipe 4, the prepared sodium hydroxide can enter the settling chamber 21 by opening the liquid inlet valve 41, the waste gas is desulfurized by adopting a sodium-alkali method, and the settling chamber 21 is used for settling smoke dust in the waste gas, so that the treatment effect on the waste gas is improved.
Preferably, in the present embodiment, an adsorption plate 5 is disposed inside the treatment tank 2 and above the settling chamber 21, the adsorption plate 5 is made of a honeycomb activated carbon material, the honeycomb activated carbon has characteristics of large specific surface area, small through hole resistance, developed micropores, high adsorption capacity, long service life, and the like, so that the adsorption plate 5 can effectively adsorb sulfur dioxide, ammonia oxide, smoke, and the like in the exhaust gas, thereby achieving the purpose of deep treatment of the exhaust gas, a second fixing frame 51 is disposed below the adsorption plate 5, the second fixing frame 51 is welded to the inner wall of the treatment tank 2, the adsorption plate 5 is in lap joint with the second fixing frame 51, and the adsorption plate 5 can be fixed by the second fixing frame 51.
As the preferred of this embodiment, the inside of handling case 2 and the top department that is close to cold shower 22 are equipped with the gas collecting channel 6, the bottom of gas collecting channel 6 is for leaking hopper-shaped open structure, the inside waste gas of handling case 2 is conveniently collected, thereby the convenience is drenched the processing to waste gas cold, and conveniently with waste gas exhaust, the top of gas collecting channel 6 is provided with fixed pipe 61, the right side of fixed pipe 61 is provided with outlet duct 62, outlet duct 62 runs through the lateral wall of handling case 2, and with the lateral wall welding of handling case 2, can make the waste gas exhaust of handling case 2 inside through outlet duct 62.
It is worth to say that, the inside of gas collecting channel 6 is equipped with cold shower head 7, the bottom of cold shower head 7 is provided with a plurality of evenly distributed's shower nozzle 71, the top of cold shower head 7 is provided with inlet tube 72, inlet tube 72 runs through the top of fixed pipe 61, and with fixed pipe 61 welding, inlet tube 72 runs through the top of handling case 2, and with handling case 2 welding, install control valve 73 on the inlet tube 72, open control valve 73, can make the running water pass through inlet tube 72 and get into in cold shower head 7, make shower nozzle 71 spout evenly distributed's rivers, thereby further remove dust to the inside waste gas of gas collecting channel 6, conveniently carry out deep processing to waste gas.
Preferably, a support 81 is welded on the side wall on the right side of the treatment box 2 and near the top end, an air extractor 8 is installed on the support 81, one end of the air extractor 8 is fixedly connected with the air outlet pipe 62, an exhaust pipe 82 is installed at the other end of the air extractor 8, the air can flow from the air outlet pipe 62 to the exhaust pipe 82 by the operation of the air extractor 8, so that the air near the gas collecting hood 6 flows to the air outlet pipe 62, the collecting effect of the gas collecting hood 6 on the waste gas is improved, the waste gas is conveniently cooled and showered, meanwhile, the waste gas can be conveyed to the next treatment process through the exhaust pipe 82, and the waste gas is conveniently subjected to deep treatment.
As the preferred of this embodiment, the bottom of handling case 2 is provided with drain 9, and drain 9 is the infundibulate structure, installs blowoff valve 91 on the drain 9, opens blowoff valve 91, can make the interior smoke and dust of sediment of drip chamber 21 discharge from drain 9, avoids the smoke and dust to pile up the treatment effect of influence to waste gas.
As the optimization of this embodiment, the bottom of handling case 2 and the outside that is located drain 9 are equipped with mount 23, and mount 23 welds with handling case 2, and mount 23 plays support and guard action to handling case 2.
When the boiler with the waste gas advanced treatment function is used, waste gas enters the bottom of a treatment box 2 through a waste gas pipe 11, firstly, a liquid inlet pipe 4 is opened, prepared sodium hydroxide solution enters the bottom of a settling chamber 21 through the liquid inlet pipe 4, the waste gas reacts with the sodium hydroxide solution in the settling chamber 21, the waste gas is subjected to sodium-alkali desulfurization treatment, meanwhile, smoke dust in the waste gas is settled through the solution in the settling chamber 21, then, a power supply is switched on, an air extractor 8 is operated, the waste gas in the treatment box 2 is gathered to a gas collecting hood 6, the waste gas flows upwards, a filter screen group 3 performs multiple filtration on the waste gas, the smoke dust in the waste gas is filtered, the smoke dust is conveniently settled in the settling chamber 21, when the waste gas flows to an adsorption plate 5, the adsorption plate 5 adsorbs sulfur dioxide, ammonia oxide and the smoke dust in the waste gas, and then the waste gas is gathered to the top of the gas collecting hood 6, opening the control valve 73 to enable tap water to enter the cold shower head 7 through the water inlet pipe 72, performing cold shower on the gathered waste gas through the shower head 71 to further remove solid particles in the waste gas, and finally enabling the waste gas to flow to the exhaust pipe 82 through the air outlet pipe 62 and be discharged through the exhaust pipe 82; among the exhaust-gas treatment process, open blowoff valve 91, can make the smoke and dust of sediment in the drip chamber 21 discharge from drain 9, can realize strengthening the treatment effect to smoke and dust in the waste gas through above-mentioned mode, avoid the too much influence SOx/NOx control of smoke and dust to handle, reach the purpose to waste gas deep treatment, make things convenient for waste gas discharge to reach standard.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the utility model. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in the above embodiments and the description, and are not intended to limit the present invention. The scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (9)

1. A boiler with advanced exhaust gas treatment, comprising a boiler body (1), characterized in that: the right side of boiler body (1) is equipped with handles case (2), the inside of handling case (2) is equipped with drip chamber (21) and cold room (22) that drenches, drip chamber (21) are located the below of cold room (22) that drenches, the furnace body top of boiler body (1) is provided with exhaust gas pipe (11), exhaust gas pipe (11) run through handle the left lateral wall bottom of case (2), and extend into the inside of drip chamber (21).
2. The boiler with advanced exhaust gas treatment as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the inside of drip chamber (21) and the top that is located exhaust pipe (11) are equipped with filter screen group (3), the below of filter screen group (3) is equipped with first fixed frame (31), the inner wall welding of first fixed frame (31) and processing case (2), filter screen group (3) and first fixed frame (31) overlap joint cooperation.
3. The boiler with advanced exhaust gas treatment as set forth in claim 1, wherein: handle the right side of case (2) and be close to the top department of drip chamber (21) and be equipped with feed liquor pipe (4), feed liquor pipe (4) run through the lateral wall of handling case (2), and with the lateral wall welding of handling case (2), install feed liquor valve (41) on feed liquor pipe (4).
4. The boiler with advanced exhaust gas treatment as set forth in claim 1, wherein: handle the inside of case (2) and be located the top of drip chamber (21) and be equipped with adsorption plate (5), the below of adsorption plate (5) is equipped with the fixed frame of second (51), the fixed frame of second (51) and the inner wall welding of handling case (2), adsorption plate (5) and the fixed frame of second (51) overlap joint cooperation.
5. The boiler with advanced exhaust gas treatment as set forth in claim 1, wherein: handle the inside of case (2) and be close to the top department of cold leaching rooms (22) and be equipped with gas collecting channel (6), the bottom of gas collecting channel (6) is funnel-shaped opening structure, the top of gas collecting channel (6) is provided with fixed pipe (61), the right side of fixed pipe (61) is provided with outlet duct (62), outlet duct (62) run through the lateral wall of handling case (2), and with the lateral wall welding of handling case (2).
6. The boiler with advanced exhaust gas treatment according to claim 5, characterized in that: the inside of gas collecting channel (6) is equipped with cold shower head (7), the bottom of cold shower head (7) is provided with a plurality of evenly distributed's shower nozzle (71), the top of cold shower head (7) is provided with inlet tube (72), inlet tube (72) run through the top of fixed pipe (61), and with fixed pipe (61) welding, inlet tube (72) run through the top of handling case (2), and with handle case (2) welding, install control valve (73) on inlet tube (72).
7. The boiler with advanced exhaust gas treatment as set forth in claim 1, wherein: handle on the lateral wall on case (2) right side and be close to top department welding have support (81), install air extractor (8) on support (81), the one end and outlet duct (62) fixed connection of air extractor (8), blast pipe (82) are installed to the other end of air extractor (8).
8. The boiler with advanced exhaust gas treatment as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the treatment box (2) is provided with a drain outlet (9), the drain outlet (9) is of a funnel-shaped structure, and a drain valve (91) is installed on the drain outlet (9).
9. The boiler with advanced exhaust gas treatment as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the treatment box (2) and the outer side of the sewage draining outlet (9) are provided with a fixing frame (23), and the fixing frame (23) is welded with the treatment box (2).
CN202122086593.6U 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 Boiler with waste gas advanced treatment Active CN216395852U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122086593.6U CN216395852U (en) 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 Boiler with waste gas advanced treatment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122086593.6U CN216395852U (en) 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 Boiler with waste gas advanced treatment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216395852U true CN216395852U (en) 2022-04-29

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122086593.6U Active CN216395852U (en) 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 Boiler with waste gas advanced treatment

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN216395852U (en)

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