CN216195711U - Unit prefabricated shear wall with edge being steel-concrete combined component - Google Patents

Unit prefabricated shear wall with edge being steel-concrete combined component Download PDF

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CN216195711U
CN216195711U CN202122569705.3U CN202122569705U CN216195711U CN 216195711 U CN216195711 U CN 216195711U CN 202122569705 U CN202122569705 U CN 202122569705U CN 216195711 U CN216195711 U CN 216195711U
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steel
concrete
shear wall
members
plates
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孙叶根
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a unit prefabricated shear wall with steel-concrete combined members at the edges, which comprises two steel-concrete combined columns arranged in parallel, wherein two ends of each steel-concrete combined column are respectively connected with a T-shaped conversion member, at least one steel-concrete combined beam is arranged in the middle of each steel-concrete combined column, the two steel-concrete combined columns, the T-shaped conversion members and the steel-concrete combined beams surround to form a shear wall middle wall space, and wall members are arranged in the middle wall space. The utility model has reasonable structure, can improve the fire resistance, corrosion resistance, bearing capacity and quick assembly.

Description

Unit prefabricated shear wall with edge being steel-concrete combined component
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of building accessories, in particular to a unit prefabricated shear wall with steel-concrete combined components at the edges.
Background
The steel plate shear wall structure technology is widely applied to multi-story and high-rise buildings, is mainly used as a lateral force resistant member for engineering application, and generally comprises steel columns at two vertical side edges or a steel-concrete combined column, a steel plate embedded in the middle and the like. However, when the traditional steel plate shear wall is applied to engineering, the traditional steel plate shear wall generally does not bear vertical load and only bears horizontal load; and most of edge members are steel pipe concrete or pure steel members, so that the fireproof and anticorrosive treatment is difficult, the problems are more obvious when the coating is particularly applied to steel structure houses, the problem of unmatched buildings and structures is easily caused, the wet workload of the coating structure is large, and the bottleneck of large-area engineering application is further influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Aiming at the problems of the existing steel plate shear wall, the utility model provides the unit prefabricated shear wall which is reasonable in structure and provided with the steel-concrete combined components at the edges, and the unit prefabricated shear wall can improve the fire resistance, corrosion resistance, bearing capacity and quick assembly.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides the following technical scheme:
a unit prefabricated shear wall with steel-concrete combined members at the edges comprises two steel-concrete combined columns which are arranged in parallel, wherein two ends of each steel-concrete combined column are respectively connected with a T-shaped conversion member, at least one steel-concrete combined beam is arranged in the middle of each steel-concrete combined column, the two steel-concrete combined columns, the T-shaped conversion members and the steel-concrete combined beams surround to form a shear wall middle wall space, and wall members are arranged in the middle wall space; the steel-concrete composite column and the steel-concrete composite beam respectively comprise a steel member and a concrete column, the steel member comprises two wing plates and a middle web plate for connecting the two wing plates, a construction steel bar and the concrete column are respectively arranged in a groove formed by the middle web plate and the two wing plates, the surface of the concrete column is flush with the edges of the two wing plates, and a side surface mounting space is arranged between the end surfaces of two ends of the concrete column and the end surface of the steel member; the T-shaped conversion component comprises a fixed plate and a connecting plate, two ends of the fixed plate and the connecting plate are respectively and fixedly connected with the two steel-concrete combined columns, a middle installation space is arranged between the surface of the fixed plate and the end faces of the steel-concrete combined column steel components, and the connecting plate is arranged in the middle installation space and is vertically fixed with the fixed plate; the wall body component comprises a steel component and a concrete slab, the steel component is positioned on the inner side of the middle wall body space, the steel component is respectively and fixedly connected with the steel components of the steel-concrete composite column and the steel-concrete composite beam and the fixing plate of the T-shaped conversion component, the concrete slab is respectively fixed on two sides of the steel component, and the concrete slab is positioned on the outer side of the middle wall body space.
In the scheme, the novel steel-concrete combined member with the edge member of the concrete-coated steel structure can be used for achieving that the unit prefabricated steel plate shear wall can bear vertical load and horizontal load; the novel steel-concrete composite columns are vertically arranged on two sides of the prefabricated steel plate shear wall, the novel steel-concrete composite beams are vertically arranged on two sides of the prefabricated steel plate shear wall, and the edge components are steel-concrete composite components, so that the vertical bearing capacity of the prefabricated steel plate shear wall is improved, and the fireproof and anti-corrosion problems are solved; the constructional steel bar can be a finished steel bar mesh or a common stirrup and is welded in the groove, then concrete is poured, and the concrete can be common concrete, light aggregate concrete, self-compacting concrete, high-strength concrete, light foaming concrete and other concrete materials; the steel-concrete composite column and the steel-concrete composite beam can be connected through all-welded connection, bolted-welded hybrid connection or all-bolt connection; the upper and lower concatenation of its combined member middle part can weld, also can bolted connection, and when adopting bolted connection, the accessible T type component carries out the conversion, then adopts the mode of high-strength bolt to connect.
Optionally, a connecting hole is formed in a position, located in the side mounting space, of the middle web plate, and a plurality of connecting holes are formed in the connecting plate. In the scheme, when the web plate and the connecting plate need to be connected at two ends of the unit prefabricated shear wall, the connecting holes can be penetrated by bolts, and the unit prefabricated shear wall is fixedly connected with other unit prefabricated shear walls, embedded parts and the like by the connecting plate parts.
Optionally, two sides of the two steel-concrete composite columns are respectively provided with a connecting bracket consistent with the steel member of the steel-concrete composite beam, and the connecting bracket is arranged in a matched manner with the steel-concrete composite beam. The connecting bracket is used for fixedly connecting the unit prefabricated shear wall with other building facilities such as a structural beam and the like on the side surface.
Optionally, the steel assembly of the wall member is a corrugated steel plate, the corrugated steel plate is provided with a through hole, and the concrete plates on two sides of the steel assembly are fixedly connected with each other through a stud penetrating through the through hole of the corrugated steel plate.
Optionally, the steel assembly of the wall member is a single steel plate or a stiffening single steel plate, the T-shaped conversion member is integrated with the single steel plate or the stiffening single steel plate, the single steel plate or the stiffening single steel plate is provided with a through hole, and the concrete slabs on two sides of the steel assembly are fixedly connected with each other through a stud penetrating through the through hole of the single steel plate or the stiffening single steel plate.
Optionally, the steel assembly of the wall member is a truss, and the concrete slabs on both sides of the steel assembly are fixedly connected with each other through a stud penetrating through the truss.
Optionally, the concrete slab is one of an assembled common concrete precast slab, an aerated concrete precast slab, a ceramsite concrete precast slab, a fiber concrete slab and a foamed ceramic slab.
In the scheme, a steel-concrete combined frame (comprising a novel steel-concrete combined column and a novel steel-concrete combined beam) of the unit prefabricated shear wall and a lateral force resisting component (such as a corrugated steel plate, a single steel plate without a stiffening plate, a single steel plate with a stiffening plate, a steel truss and the like) at the middle part are formed, and the lateral force resisting component is connected with an edge component in a welding or bolt connection mode to form the steel-concrete combined component; the corrugated steel plate can be sine-shaped or wave-folded trapezoid, and the wave rib direction can be transversely placed or vertically placed; the middle parts of the corrugated steel plate, the single steel plate without the stiffened plate, the single steel plate with the stiffened plate, the steel truss and other components are coated by fixing the assembled common concrete precast slab, the aerated concrete precast slab, the ceramsite concrete precast slab, the fiber concrete precast slab and the foamed ceramic slab in a bolt connection mode, so that the technical problems of heat preservation, fire prevention, sound insulation and the like of the steel plate shear wall are solved at one time, wherein the heat preservation performance is improved by more than 15 times, the sound insulation performance is improved by more than 10 times, and the fireproof coating is reduced by 95 percent; the anticorrosive material is reduced by 95 percent.
Optionally, the steel-concrete combined column comprises a shear wall embedded part, wherein one end of the shear wall embedded part is fixedly embedded, and the other end of the shear wall embedded part is provided with an installation part matched with the installation space on the side surface of the steel-concrete combined column steel member and the installation space in the middle of the T-shaped conversion member. When this scheme unit precast shear wall one end is connected fixedly with the building body, can adopt and be connected fixed structure with the built-in fitting buried underground in advance on the building body, construction convenience, firm in connection.
In the scheme, the edge member is a steel-concrete combined member with exposed concrete and the pure steel at the middle part adopts a fireproof and anticorrosion integrated combined coating technology formed by coating a precast concrete plate; the corrugated web plate connection at the middle part of the steel-concrete combined steel plate shear wall is realized by adopting a flat steel plate or a T-shaped connecting member; the prefabricated assembled steel-concrete combined steel plate shear wall is connected with light concrete by adopting a screw adjusting device, so that the technology of leveling a light concrete plate can be realized; the prefabricated steel-concrete combined components at the edge of the steel-concrete combined steel plate shear wall adopt an assembly connection technology of welding, bolting welding or full bolt connection, and then a node region adopts a node post-pouring technology to form a vertically continuous steel-concrete combined steel plate shear wall; when the aspect ratio of the steel-concrete combined steel plate shear wall is more than 1.0, the precast slab coated at the middle part can be well installed in a factory and can also be installed on the site by considering the comprehensive economic cost; when the height-width ratio is less than 1.0, assembling on site as much as possible; the standard component of the scheme is composed of a straight section, and an L-shaped section, a T-shaped section and a Z-shaped section can be formed by the straight section.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1) the edge member is a novel steel-concrete combined member with a concrete-coated steel structure, so that the unit prefabricated steel plate shear wall can bear vertical load and horizontal load;
2) the vertical bearing capacity of the unit prefabricated steel plate shear wall is greatly improved through the steel-concrete combined component;
3) the middle part of the unit prefabricated steel plate shear wall adopts a corrugated steel plate, a single steel plate or a truss form, so that the weight problem of the unit prefabricated steel plate shear wall is reduced;
4) the integration of heat preservation, fire prevention and sound insulation and the cooperation of buildings and structures of the steel plate shear wall are realized through the cladding structure of precast concrete plates and the like on the two sides of the unit precast steel plate shear wall;
5) the unit prefabricated steel plate shear wall is connected by all bolts through T-shaped connection conversion of the unit prefabricated steel plate shear wall in a downward butt joint mode;
6) through the steel-concrete combined structure of the concrete-clad steel, the fireproof and anticorrosion integration of edge members is realized, 95% of paint operation is reduced, and green construction is realized.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic plan view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a planar connection structure according to the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing a structure of a corrugated steel plate as an intermediate portion of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a single steel plate as an intermediate part of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a structure in which the intermediate portion of the present invention is a truss.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a two-end connection structure according to the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-steel-concrete composite column 2-T-shaped conversion component 3-steel-concrete composite beam
4-wall component 5-connecting bracket 6-shear wall embedded part
11-steel member 12-concrete column 13-side installation space
21-fixed plate 22-connecting plate 23-middle installation space
41-steel assembly 42-concrete slab.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts based on the embodiments of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-7, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a unit prefabricated shear wall with steel-concrete combined members at the edges comprises two steel-concrete combined columns 1 which are arranged in parallel, wherein two ends of each steel-concrete combined column 1 are respectively connected with a T-shaped conversion member 2, two steel-concrete combined beams 3 are arranged in the middle of each steel-concrete combined column 1, the two steel-concrete combined columns 1, the T-shaped conversion members 2 and the steel-concrete combined beams 3 enclose to form a shear wall middle wall space, and a wall member 4 is arranged in the middle wall space; the steel-concrete composite column 1 and the steel-concrete composite beam 3 respectively comprise a steel member 11 and a concrete column 12, the steel member 11 comprises two wing plates and a middle web plate for connecting the two wing plates, a structural steel bar and the concrete column 12 are respectively arranged in a groove formed by the middle web plate and the two wing plates, the surface of the concrete column 12 is flush with the edges of the two wing plates, and a side surface mounting space 13 is arranged between the end surfaces of two ends of the concrete column 12 and the end surface of the steel member 11; the T-shaped conversion component 2 comprises a fixed plate 21 and a connecting plate 22, two ends of the fixed plate 21 and the connecting plate 22 are respectively and fixedly connected with the two steel-concrete composite columns 1, a middle installation space 23 is arranged between the surface of the fixed plate 21 and the end face of the steel component of the steel-concrete composite column 1, and the connecting plate 22 is arranged in the middle installation space 23 and is vertically fixed with the fixed plate 21; the wall body component 4 comprises a steel component 41 and a concrete slab 42, the steel component 41 is positioned at the inner side of the middle wall body space, the steel component 41 is respectively and fixedly connected with the steel components of the steel-concrete composite column 1 and the steel-concrete composite beam 3 and the fixing plate of the T-shaped conversion component 2, the concrete slab 42 is respectively fixed at two sides of the steel component 41, and the concrete slab 42 is positioned at the outer side of the middle wall body space;
the middle web plate is provided with a connecting hole at the position in the side mounting space 13, and the connecting plate 22 is provided with a plurality of connecting holes;
two sides of each of the two steel-concrete composite columns 1 are respectively provided with a connecting bracket 5 consistent with steel components of the steel-concrete composite beam 3, and the positions of the connecting brackets 5 are matched with the steel-concrete composite beam 3;
the concrete slab 42 is one of an assembled common concrete precast slab, an aerated concrete precast slab, a ceramsite concrete precast slab, a fiber concrete slab and a foamed ceramic slab;
the steel-concrete composite column comprises a shear wall embedded part 6, wherein one end of the shear wall embedded part 6 is fixedly embedded, and the other end of the shear wall embedded part is provided with an installation part matched with a steel member side installation space 13 of a steel-concrete composite column 1 and a middle installation space 23 of a T-shaped conversion member 2.
Referring to fig. 3, the steel member 41 of the wall member 4 is a corrugated steel plate having through holes, and the concrete plates 42 disposed at both sides of the steel member 41 are fixedly coupled to each other by means of studs passing through the through holes of the corrugated steel plate.
Referring to fig. 4, the steel member 41 of the wall member 4 is a single steel plate, the T-shaped conversion member 2 is integrated with the single steel plate, the single steel plate is provided with a through hole, and the concrete plates 42 positioned at both sides of the steel member 41 are fixedly connected to each other by a stud penetrating the through hole of the single steel plate.
Referring to fig. 5, the steel member 41 of the wall member 4 is a truss, and the concrete slabs 42 disposed at both sides of the steel member 41 are fixedly coupled to each other by means of studs penetrating through the truss.
The specific using process is as follows: firstly connecting a steel component of a steel-concrete composite column 1 and a steel component of a steel-concrete composite beam 3 to form a whole, then welding a corbel 5, welding a steel component 41 of a wall component 4 at the middle part of the steel-concrete composite column 1 and the steel-concrete composite beam 3, welding a T-shaped conversion component 2 at the end splicing position after the welding is finished if the middle part is a corrugated steel plate shear wall or a steel truss, then pouring concrete in a cavity of the steel-concrete composite column 1 and the steel-concrete composite beam 3, and fixing a concrete slab 42 at the middle part through a screw rod after the strength of the poured concrete meets the specification requirement to form an integrated coating for the steel component 41 at the middle part; and forming a unit prefabricated shear wall after the cladding is finished, then connecting the unit prefabricated shear wall with a foundation through a shear wall embedded part 6, and vertically splicing through the T-shaped conversion component 2, the high-strength bolt and the welding joint.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. A unit prefabricated shear wall with steel-concrete combined members at the edges is characterized by comprising two steel-concrete combined columns which are arranged in parallel, wherein two ends of each steel-concrete combined column are respectively connected with a T-shaped conversion member, at least one steel-concrete combined beam is arranged in the middle of each steel-concrete combined column, the two steel-concrete combined columns, the T-shaped conversion members and the steel-concrete combined beams surround to form a middle wall space of the shear wall, and wall members are arranged in the middle wall space;
the steel-concrete composite column and the steel-concrete composite beam respectively comprise a steel member and a concrete column, the steel member comprises two wing plates and a middle web plate for connecting the two wing plates, a construction steel bar and the concrete column are respectively arranged in a groove formed by the middle web plate and the two wing plates, the surface of the concrete column is flush with the edges of the two wing plates, and a side surface mounting space is arranged between the end surfaces of two ends of the concrete column and the end surface of the steel member;
the T-shaped conversion component comprises a fixed plate and a connecting plate, two ends of the fixed plate and the connecting plate are respectively and fixedly connected with the two steel-concrete combined columns, a middle installation space is arranged between the surface of the fixed plate and the end faces of the steel-concrete combined column steel components, and the connecting plate is arranged in the middle installation space and is vertically fixed with the fixed plate;
the wall body component comprises a steel component and a concrete slab, the steel component is positioned on the inner side of the middle wall body space, the steel component is respectively and fixedly connected with the steel components of the steel-concrete composite column and the steel-concrete composite beam and the fixing plate of the T-shaped conversion component, the concrete slab is respectively fixed on two sides of the steel component, and the concrete slab is positioned on the outer side of the middle wall body space.
2. The unit precast shear wall with the edge being the steel-concrete combined component according to claim 1, wherein the middle web is provided with a connecting hole at a position located in the side installation space, and the connecting plate is provided with a plurality of connecting holes.
3. The unit precast shear wall with the edges provided with the steel-concrete combination members according to claim 1, wherein two sides of the two steel-concrete combination columns are respectively provided with a connecting bracket consistent with the steel members of the steel-concrete combination beam, and the connecting bracket is arranged in a position matched with the steel-concrete combination beam.
4. The prefabricated shear wall unit with steel-reinforced concrete composite members as claimed in claim 1, wherein the steel members of said wall member are corrugated steel plates, said corrugated steel plates are provided with through holes, and said concrete plates on both sides of the steel members are fixedly connected to each other by means of studs penetrating through the through holes of the corrugated steel plates.
5. The precast shear wall unit with steel-concrete composite members at the edges of claim 1, wherein the steel components of the wall body member are single steel plates or stiffened single steel plates, the T-shaped conversion members are integrated with the single steel plates or the stiffened single steel plates, the single steel plates or the stiffened single steel plates are provided with through holes, and the concrete plates at both sides of the steel components are fixedly connected with each other through studs penetrating through the through holes of the single steel plates or the stiffened single steel plates.
6. A prefabricated shear wall unit with steel-reinforced concrete composite members as claimed in claim 1, wherein the steel members of said wall members are trusses, and said concrete slabs on both sides of the steel members are fixedly connected to each other by means of studs penetrating the trusses.
7. The precast shear wall unit with the edge being the steel-concrete composite member according to claim 1, wherein the concrete slab is one of an assembled common concrete precast slab, an aerated concrete precast slab, a ceramsite concrete precast slab, a fiber concrete slab and a foamed ceramic slab.
8. The unit precast shear wall with the edge being the steel-concrete combined member according to claim 1, which is characterized by comprising a shear wall embedded part, wherein one end of the shear wall embedded part is fixedly embedded, and the other end of the shear wall embedded part is provided with an installation part matched with a steel-concrete combined column steel member side installation space and a T-shaped conversion member middle installation space.
CN202122569705.3U 2021-10-25 2021-10-25 Unit prefabricated shear wall with edge being steel-concrete combined component Active CN216195711U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122569705.3U CN216195711U (en) 2021-10-25 2021-10-25 Unit prefabricated shear wall with edge being steel-concrete combined component

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122569705.3U CN216195711U (en) 2021-10-25 2021-10-25 Unit prefabricated shear wall with edge being steel-concrete combined component

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216195711U true CN216195711U (en) 2022-04-05

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CN202122569705.3U Active CN216195711U (en) 2021-10-25 2021-10-25 Unit prefabricated shear wall with edge being steel-concrete combined component

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216195711U (en)

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