CN216189406U - Anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine - Google Patents

Anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216189406U
CN216189406U CN202122394030.3U CN202122394030U CN216189406U CN 216189406 U CN216189406 U CN 216189406U CN 202122394030 U CN202122394030 U CN 202122394030U CN 216189406 U CN216189406 U CN 216189406U
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China
Prior art keywords
feeding
uniform spreading
feeding wheel
arch
wheel
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CN202122394030.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾华鑫
赵英军
潘玉刚
阳德惠
周宇文
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Hunan Weilang Technology Co ltd
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Hunan Weilang Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine which comprises a storage bin, a quantitative feeding mechanism and a uniform spreading mechanism, wherein the bottom of the storage bin is provided with a feed opening, and the uniform spreading mechanism is arranged below the feed opening and comprises a uniform spreading disc and a vibrating machine; the quantitative feeding mechanism comprises a feeding wheel and a driving device, the feeding wheel is embedded into the feed opening, the diameter and the length of the feeding wheel are matched with the width and the length of the feed opening respectively, at least one containing groove which is arranged along the axial direction of the feeding wheel is formed in the surface of the feeding wheel, and the driving device drives the feeding wheel to rotate, so that materials in the containing groove containing bin are transferred to the uniform spreading mechanism. The anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine has the advantages of simple structure, difficulty in blocking, stable blanking, controllable speed and the like.

Description

Anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of powder processing equipment, in particular to an anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine.
Background
The powder processing relates to the industries of new materials, chemical industry, metallurgy, medicine, food, feed and the like. The common equipment for powder processing is a continuous production line, the production capacity and the product quality are important indexes for checking the production line performance, and in order to ensure the product quality and the production capacity, the production line must be ensured to have a stable, quantitative and uniform material paving system, so that the uniformity and the conveying stability of materials are ensured. Meanwhile, in order to reduce the labor intensity of operators in a production line, a large-sized bin and a quantitative and uniform spreading machine are required to be arranged in a spreading system.
However, the existing material spreading equipment is usually arranged for large-particle materials, and is used for powder production, the structural design of a stock bin is not corresponding, the size of a feed opening is difficult to control, the problems of unsmooth discharging, arching, hole forming, inrush current and the like often occur in a small opening, and the problems of over-thick material spreading, over-speed discharging and the like occur in a large opening, so that the normal operation of a production line and the product quality are directly influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem of overcoming the defects of the prior art and provides an anti-arching quantitative uniform spreading machine which is simple in structure, difficult in material blockage, stable in blanking and controllable in speed.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme provided by the utility model is as follows:
an anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine comprises a storage bin, a quantitative feeding mechanism and a uniform spreading mechanism, wherein a feed opening is formed in the bottom of the storage bin, and the uniform spreading mechanism is arranged below the feed opening and comprises a uniform spreading disc and a vibrating machine; the quantitative feeding mechanism comprises a feeding wheel and a driving device, the feeding wheel is embedded into the feed opening, the diameter and the length of the feeding wheel are matched with the width and the length of the feed opening respectively, at least one containing groove which is arranged along the axial direction of the feeding wheel is formed in the surface of the feeding wheel, and the driving device drives the feeding wheel to rotate, so that materials in the containing groove containing bin are transferred to the uniform spreading mechanism.
As a further improvement of the above technical solution:
the feed wheel is including supporting the sprocket, connecting chain and feed plate, and connecting the sprocket and winding on supporting the sprocket, and the feed plate is buckled and is the tube-shape and connect on the surface of connecting the chain, the perpendicular at least two minute boards that are equipped with on the surface of feed plate, adjacent two minute boards and the surface of feed plate enclose jointly and establish into the storage tank.
The feed wheel comprises a roller with a polygonal cross section and a trough plate, wherein the cross section of the trough plate is shaped like a U and is connected to the side surface of the roller along the axial direction of the roller, and the inner concave part of the trough plate is used as the accommodating groove.
A plurality of accommodating grooves are formed in the surface of the feeding wheel and are uniformly arranged around the axial direction of the feeding wheel.
The driving device comprises a rotary driving part and a chain type transmission assembly, and the chain type transmission assembly is connected between the rotary driving part and the feeding wheel.
The feed bin includes the storehouse body and connecting hopper, the top of the storehouse body is equipped with the opening that is used for the feeding, and the connecting hopper is connected to the bottom opening, the connecting hopper is the cavity tube-shape that the level was placed, sets up on the bottom surface the feed opening, the setting of feeding wheel is in the connecting hopper.
The top opening of the bin body is larger than the bottom opening and is smoothly connected with the bottom opening through a curved side wall, and the side wall of the bin body is of a hyperbolic structure on the section parallel to the vertical direction.
And a material level sensor is arranged at a set position in the bin body.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages that:
in the anti-arching quantitative uniform spreading machine, the uniform spreading mechanism is arranged below the feed opening of the storage bin and comprises a uniform spreading disc and a vibrating machine, and the vibrating machine drives the uniform spreading disc to vibrate, so that materials thrown out from the feed opening can be uniformly distributed on the disc surface under the vibration of the vibrating machine. The quantitative feeding mechanism comprises a feeding wheel and a driving device, the feeding wheel is embedded into the feed opening, the diameter and the length of the feeding wheel are matched with the width and the length of the feed opening respectively, at least one containing groove which is arranged along the axial direction of the feeding wheel is formed in the surface of the feeding wheel, and the driving device drives the feeding wheel to rotate so that materials in a containing groove containing bin are transferred to the uniform spreading mechanism. Utilize the feed wheel to seal the feed opening promptly to utilize the gyration of feed wheel to drive the material ejection of compact, in this kind of setting up the mode, ejection of compact speed and volume rely on the rotational speed of feed wheel to decide, consequently to the requirement greatly reduced of the feed opening size and the shape of feed bin, even if the feed bin chooses for use difficult putty, the big mouth that the knot encircles also can not appear the problem that the feed volume is too big and overspeed, has evaded the defect of conventional feed bin. And just because the feeding wheel is adopted for feeding, the feeding amount, the thickness and the speed of the materials are not determined by the size of the feed opening any more, can be randomly adjusted according to the situation, can realize uniform and stable paving as long as the rotating speed is certain, and can be used for the production of various powders.
Drawings
Fig. 1 to 3 are schematic structural views of an anti-arch quantitative uniform spreader of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a feed wheel in the anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine of embodiment 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a feed wheel in the anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine of embodiment 2;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of a feed wheel in the anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine of embodiment 3.
Illustration of the drawings: 1. a storage bin; 11. a feeding port; 12. a bin body; 13. a connecting hopper; 2. a dosing mechanism; 21. a feed wheel; 211. a containing groove; 212. a support sprocket; 213. connecting a chain; 214. a feed shoe; 215. a roller; 216. a chute plate; 3. a uniform spreading mechanism; 31. uniformly spreading a material tray; 32. a vibrator.
Detailed Description
In order to facilitate understanding of the utility model, the utility model will be described more fully and in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and preferred embodiments, but the scope of the utility model is not limited to the specific embodiments below.
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the anti-arching quantitative uniform spreading machine of the embodiment includes a bin 1, a quantitative feeding mechanism 2 and a uniform spreading mechanism 3, wherein a feed opening 11 is arranged at the bottom of the bin 1, and the uniform spreading mechanism 3 is arranged below the feed opening 11 and includes a uniform spreading disc 31 and a vibrator 32; the vibrator 32 drives the uniform material spreading disc 31 to vibrate, so that the material thrown out from the feed opening 11 can be uniformly distributed on the disc surface under the vibration of the vibrator 32.
The quantitative feeding mechanism 2 comprises a feeding wheel 21 and a driving device, the feeding wheel 21 is embedded into the feed opening 11, the diameter and the length of the feeding wheel are respectively matched with the width and the length of the feed opening 11, at least one containing groove 211 arranged along the axial direction of the feeding wheel 21 is formed in the surface of the feeding wheel 21, and the driving device drives the feeding wheel 21 to rotate. In the process of rotating, the containing groove 211 is communicated with the bin 1, materials in the containing bin 1 are rotated to the opening of the discharging opening 11, and the materials fall out from the opening, so that the materials are transferred to the uniform spreading mechanism 3. In this process, the material of feed wheel 21 constantly strikes off the material of feed bin 1 bottom through storage tank 211, makes the material of feed bin 1 bottom reduce, and the middle part material lacks the automatic bottom that sinks after supporting.
This embodiment utilizes feeding wheel 21 to seal feed opening 11 to utilize feeding wheel 21's gyration to drive the material ejection of compact, in this kind of setting up mode, ejection of compact speed and volume rely on feeding wheel 21's rotational speed to decide, consequently to the requirement greatly reduced of feed opening 11 sizes and the shape of feed bin 1, even if feed bin 1 chooses for use difficult putty, the problem of the big mouth that the knot encircles can not appear the feed volume too big and overspeed yet, the defect of conventional feed bin has been avoidd. And just because the feeding wheel 21 is adopted for feeding, the feeding amount, the thickness and the speed of the materials are not determined by the size of the feed opening 11 any longer, can be randomly adjusted according to the situation, and can realize uniform and stable spreading as long as the rotating speed is fixed, thereby being used for producing various kinds of powder.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, the feeding wheel 21 is a cylindrical structure, and the accommodating groove 211 is a groove directly formed on the surface of the cylinder, so that the integrated structure is simple to process and fast and convenient to produce.
In this embodiment, a plurality of accommodating grooves 211 are formed in the surface of the feeding wheel 21, and the accommodating grooves 211 are uniformly arranged around the axial direction of the feeding wheel 21, so that each accommodating groove 211 can complete one-time material feeding when the feeding wheel 21 rotates for one circle, thereby improving the feeding efficiency.
In this embodiment, the drive means comprises a rotary drive member and a chain drive assembly connected between the rotary drive member and the feed wheel 21. The rotary driving part can be a rotary motor, a driving chain wheel is arranged on an output shaft, a driven chain wheel is arranged on a rotating shaft of the feeding wheel 21, and the driving chain wheel and the driven chain wheel are driven by a chain.
In this embodiment, feed bin 1 includes the storehouse body 12 and connecting hopper 13, and the top of the storehouse body 12 is equipped with the opening that is used for the feeding, and connecting hopper 13 is connected to the bottom opening, and connecting hopper 13 is the cavity tube-shape that the level was placed, sets up feed opening 11 on the bottom surface, and feed wheel 21 sets up in connecting hopper 13, and connecting hopper 13 can protect feed wheel 21 not receive external environment's interference, still makes things convenient for production, processing and later stage inspection maintenance simultaneously with the components of a whole that can function independently setting of the storehouse body 12.
In this embodiment, the top opening of the bin body 12 is larger than the bottom opening, and the bin body is connected smoothly by the curved side wall, and the inclined and smooth side wall can make the powder flow down smoothly, so as to accelerate the material flow rate. The lateral wall of the bin body 12 is a hyperbolic structure on the section parallel to the vertical direction, when the horizontal section of the bin body 12 is circular, the whole bin body 12 is a single-leaf hyperbolic structure, and when the horizontal section of the bin body 12 is rectangular, two opposite side surfaces of the bin body 12 are arranged in a hyperbolic mode. This setting mode avoids straight side region to have the powder to be detained, causes above-mentioned powder constantly to detaining the powder and applys pressure, and the powder that the time is detained is more, leads to the condition such as knot arch, knot hole, gushing current to take place.
In this embodiment, a material level sensor is disposed at a set position in the bin body 12, and can detect whether the height of the material is lower than a set value, and if the height of the material is lower than the set value, the material level sensor can send a signal to a higher-level material storage device to achieve automatic feeding or send a signal to a worker, and the worker feeds the material into the bin 1.
Example 2:
the present embodiment is substantially the same as embodiment 1, except that, as shown in fig. 5, in the present embodiment, the feeding wheel 21 includes a supporting sprocket 212, a connecting chain 213 and a feeding plate 214, the connecting chain 213 is wound around the supporting sprocket 212, the feeding plate 214 is bent to form a cylinder and connected to the connecting chain 213, two sets of the supporting sprocket 212 and the connecting chain 213 are disposed and respectively connected to two ends of the feeding plate 214 to support the cylindrical structure, at least two sub-plates are vertically disposed on the surface of the feeding plate 214, and the surfaces of the two sub-plates and the feeding plate 214 jointly enclose the accommodating groove 211. In the arrangement mode, the feeding wheel 21 is hollow, so that the self weight is small, the material consumption is less, the cost is saved, and the installation is convenient.
Example 3:
this embodiment is substantially the same as embodiment 1, except that, as shown in fig. 6, the feeding wheel 21 in this embodiment comprises a roller 215 with a polygonal cross section and a channel plate 216, the channel plate 216 has a cross section of "u" shape, a width adapted to the width of the side surface of the roller 215, and is connected to the side surface of the roller 215 along the axial direction of the roller 215, and its concave portion serves as the receiving groove 211. This kind of setting up structure simple to operate to when the damage appears in flitch 216, can change alone, convenient maintenance.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments. It should be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations can be made without departing from the technical spirit of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an anti-arch ration uniform spreading machine which characterized in that: the automatic material distributing and feeding device comprises a storage bin (1), a quantitative feeding mechanism (2) and an even material spreading mechanism (3), wherein a feed opening (11) is formed in the bottom of the storage bin (1), and the even material spreading mechanism (3) is arranged below the feed opening (11) and comprises an even material spreading plate (31) and a vibrating machine (32); dosing mechanism (2) are including feeding wheel (21) and drive arrangement, feeding wheel (21) embedding feed opening (11) department, and the width and the length difference adaptation of its diameter and length and feed opening (11), the storage tank (211) of offering at least one along its axial arrangement on the surface of feeding wheel (21), drive arrangement drive feeding wheel (21) gyration makes behind the material in storage tank (211) holding feed bin (1) transmit on to even stone mechanism (3).
2. The anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feeding wheel (21) comprises a supporting chain wheel (212), a connecting chain (213) and a feeding plate (214), the connecting chain (213) is wound on the supporting chain wheel (212), the feeding plate (214) is bent to be cylindrical and connected to the outer surface of the connecting chain (213), at least two sub-plates are vertically arranged on the surface of the feeding plate (214), and the surfaces of the two adjacent sub-plates and the feeding plate (214) are jointly surrounded into the accommodating groove (211).
3. The anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feeding wheel (21) comprises a roller (215) with a polygonal cross section and a trough plate (216), wherein the cross section of the trough plate (216) is U-shaped and is connected to the side surface of the roller (215) along the axial direction of the roller (215), and the concave part of the trough plate is used as the accommodating groove (211).
4. The anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: a plurality of containing grooves (211) are formed in the surface of the feeding wheel (21), and the containing grooves (211) are uniformly arranged around the axial direction of the feeding wheel (21).
5. The anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: the driving device comprises a rotary driving part and a chain type transmission assembly, and the chain type transmission assembly is connected between the rotary driving part and the feeding wheel (21).
6. The anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: feed bin (1) is including the storehouse body (12) and connecting hopper (13), the top of the storehouse body (12) is equipped with the opening that is used for the feeding, and connecting hopper (13) is connected to the bottom opening, connecting hopper (13) are the cavity tube-shape that the level was placed, set up on the bottom surface feed opening (11), feeding wheel (21) sets up in connecting hopper (13).
7. The anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine according to claim 6, wherein: the top opening of the bin body (12) is larger than the bottom opening, and the bin body is smoothly connected with the bottom opening through a curved side wall, and the side wall of the bin body (12) is of a hyperbolic structure on the section parallel to the vertical direction.
8. The anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine according to claim 6, wherein: a material level sensor is arranged at a set position in the bin body (12).
CN202122394030.3U 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 Anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine Active CN216189406U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122394030.3U CN216189406U (en) 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 Anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122394030.3U CN216189406U (en) 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 Anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216189406U true CN216189406U (en) 2022-04-05

Family

ID=80859493

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122394030.3U Active CN216189406U (en) 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 Anti-arch quantitative uniform spreading machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216189406U (en)

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