CN215748606U - Clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism - Google Patents

Clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215748606U
CN215748606U CN202122199893.5U CN202122199893U CN215748606U CN 215748606 U CN215748606 U CN 215748606U CN 202122199893 U CN202122199893 U CN 202122199893U CN 215748606 U CN215748606 U CN 215748606U
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China
Prior art keywords
clamping
bracket
clamping plate
grinding wheel
supporting block
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CN202122199893.5U
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曹镇川
文东
陈小君
张龙贤
赵桂忠
李习文
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CNAIC CHENGDU AUTO PARTS CO LTD
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CNAIC CHENGDU AUTO PARTS CO LTD
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Abstract

The utility model provides a clamping mechanism for grinding wheels by clamping jaws, which is detachably connected with a tool rest of the existing machine tool and comprises a bracket and a clamping plate, wherein the lower end of the side surface of the bracket is horizontally provided with a lower supporting block for supporting a grinding machine, and the clamping plate is connected with the bracket in an up-and-down sliding manner and is used for pressing the grinding machine; the surfaces of the lower supporting block and the clamping plate, which are respectively contacted with the grinding machine, are in an arc-shaped concave structure. According to the utility model, the grinding machine can be quickly clamped through the support of the lower supporting block and the up-and-down sliding of the clamping plate on the side surface of the bracket, the clamping of the grinding machine can be realized without bolt connection, the structure is simple, the time consumed for disassembly, assembly and replacement is short, and the machining efficiency of the machine tool can be improved.

Description

Clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of machine tool fixture equipment, in particular to a clamping mechanism for grinding a grinding wheel by a clamping jaw.
Background
The chuck is a mechanical device used for clamping a workpiece on a machine tool, and is a machine tool accessory for clamping and positioning the workpiece to be processed by utilizing the radial movement of movable clamping jaws uniformly distributed on a chuck body. The chuck is of a wide variety of types, with three-jaw and four-jaw chucks being common, and are commonly used in lathes, cylindrical grinders and internal grinders, and also in conjunction with various indexing devices for milling and drilling machines.
Taking a three-jaw chuck as an example, the three-jaw chuck generally comprises a chuck body, movable jaws and a jaw driving mechanism 3. During operation, the jaw driving mechanism drives the movable jaws to slide along the sliding grooves in the chuck body, so that the workpieces to be processed are fixed at the center of the chuck body through the mutual matching of the movable jaws.
The three-jaw chuck is used as a high-precision clamp, and the precision of the three-jaw chuck directly influences the quality and the production efficiency of a machined workpiece. The jack catch of chuck can appear wearing and tearing in the use, leads to the precision to reduce gradually, and the concrete performance is in: firstly, the inner cylindrical surface of the clamping jaw is eccentric with the axis of the main shaft; secondly, the inner cylindrical surface of the clamping jaw generates conicity, the outer part is large, the inner part is small, the workpiece moves outwards in the machining process, and the workpiece flies out in serious cases, so that potential safety hazards exist; and thirdly, a new clamping jaw needs to be replaced after the clamping jaw is worn to a certain degree, and due to the matching precision problem of the new clamping jaw and the clamping chuck, the three-jaw jumping is out of tolerance, so that the machined product generates geometric precision errors and can not meet the technological requirements of the product, and the next procedure has about 2% product scrapping.
At present, the clamping jaw is subjected to heat treatment and has high hardness, so the clamping jaw is mainly polished by a grinding wheel. The fixing tool for the existing grinding wheel is complex in structure, all parts are fixedly connected through bolts, when the grinding wheel machine breaks down, the grinding wheel machine is inconvenient to replace and disassemble, long time is consumed, and the machining efficiency of a machine tool is influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the utility model provides a clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism to solve the problems that the grinding machine in the prior art is inconvenient to replace and disassemble and is time-consuming and further influences the machining efficiency of the machine tool when the grinding machine breaks down.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a gripper coping emery wheel clamping mechanism, can dismantle with the knife rest of current lathe and be connected, this clamping mechanism includes:
the lower end of the side surface of the bracket is horizontally provided with a lower supporting block for supporting the grinding wheel machine; and
the clamping plate is connected with the bracket in a vertical sliding mode and used for pressing the grinding machine;
wherein, the surfaces of the lower supporting block and the clamping plate, which are respectively contacted with the grinding machine, are in an arc-shaped concave structure.
In one embodiment disclosed by the application, a vertical sliding groove is formed in the middle of the side face of the bracket where the lower supporting block is located, a rectangular frame is arranged at the upper end of the bracket where the sliding groove is located, and a screw rod is rotationally connected in the rectangular frame;
a sliding block is arranged on the side face of one end of the clamping plate and is in sliding connection with the sliding groove;
the top surface of one end of the clamping plate where the sliding block is located is provided with an L-shaped component, the upper end of the L-shaped component is provided with a threaded hole, and the threaded hole is in threaded connection with the screw rod.
In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the slide groove is a dovetail slide groove, and the slide block is a dovetail slide block.
In one embodiment disclosed in the present application, the upper end of the screw rod penetrates through the rectangular frame and is connected with a handle.
In an embodiment of the disclosure, a connecting plate is disposed at an upper end of a side surface of the bracket, which faces away from the clamping plate, a pair of positioning holes is disposed on the connecting plate, the bracket is detachably connected with the tool holder through the connecting plate, and a screw on the tool holder can be screwed into the positioning hole.
In an embodiment disclosed in the application, the lower supporting block and the arc-shaped concave part of the clamping plate are both provided with clamping grooves, and arc-shaped base plates are detachably inserted into the clamping grooves.
In an embodiment disclosed in the application, the lower supporting block and the clamping plate are respectively provided with a jacking screw corresponding to the arc-shaped base plate, and the jacking screw thread penetrates through the lower supporting block or the clamping plate and then can jack the arc-shaped base plate tightly.
In one embodiment of the application, the lower supporting block is symmetrically provided with two pieces, and the clamping plate is positioned between the two pieces of the lower supporting block.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. the grinding machine can be quickly clamped through the support of the lower support block and the up-and-down sliding of the clamping plate on the side surface of the bracket, the clamping of the grinding machine can be realized without bolt connection, the structure is simple, the time consumption for disassembly, assembly and replacement is short, and the machining efficiency of the machine tool can be improved;
2. the side surface of the outer end of the connecting plate is attached to the position of the tool for mounting the tool on the tool rest, then the screws on two sides of the three screws are screwed into the corresponding positioning holes, and the middle screw is tightly propped against the connecting plate, so that the axis of the grinding machine is parallel to the axis of the chuck of the machine tool, and the connecting strength can be improved;
3. the grinding height of the grinder can be adjusted by replacing arc-shaped base plates with different thicknesses, so that the central height of the axis of the grinder is flush with the axis of a chuck of a machine tool (namely, the central height is at the same height), and the universality of the clamping mechanism is improved;
4. the jacking screw is screwed to abut against the arc-shaped base plate to be slightly deformed, so that the clamping force of the lower supporting block and the clamping plate for clamping the grinding machine can be increased, and the connection strength can be further improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present application or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention at another angle;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the bracket;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the bracket at another angle;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the splint;
fig. 6 is a perspective view of the splint at another angle.
Detailed Description
In the following, only certain exemplary embodiments are briefly described. As those skilled in the art will recognize, the described embodiments may be modified in various different ways, all without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention. Accordingly, the drawings and description are to be regarded as illustrative in nature, and not as restrictive.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the device or element so referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered as limiting the utility model.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; the connection can be mechanical connection, electrical connection or communication; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, "above" or "below" a first feature means that the first and second features are in direct contact, or that the first and second features are not in direct contact but are in contact with each other via another feature therebetween. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
The following disclosure provides many different embodiments or examples for implementing different features of the utility model. To simplify the disclosure of the present invention, the components and arrangements of specific examples are described below. Of course, they are merely examples and are not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the present invention provides a clamping mechanism for grinding a grinding wheel by a clamping jaw, which is detachably connected to a tool holder (not shown) of a conventional machine tool, and comprises:
a lower holder 110 for holding the grinder 300 is horizontally disposed at the lower end of the side surface of the carrier 100; and
the clamping plate 200 is connected with the bracket 100 in a vertical sliding manner and is used for pressing the grinder 300;
wherein, the surfaces of the lower supporting block 110 and the clamping plate 200 contacting with the grinder 300 are in an arc-shaped concave structure.
Specifically, a vertical sliding groove 120 is formed in the middle of the side face of the bracket 100 where the lower supporting block 110 is located, a rectangular frame 130 is arranged at the upper end of the bracket 100 where the sliding groove 120 is located, and a screw 140 is rotatably connected to the rectangular frame 130; a sliding block 210 is arranged on the side surface of one end of the clamping plate 200, and the sliding block 210 is connected with the sliding groove 120 in a sliding manner; an L-shaped member 220 is arranged on the top surface of one end of the clamping plate 200 where the sliding block 210 is located, a threaded hole 221 is formed in the upper end of the L-shaped member 220, and the threaded hole 221 is in threaded connection with the screw 140.
When the grinder 300 is clamped, the screw 140 is rotated, so that the sliding block 210 slides in the sliding groove 120 to drive the clamping plate 200 to slide upwards on the side surface of the bracket 100 to open the distance between the bracket and the lower support block 110, then the grinder 300 is placed on the lower support block 110, then the screw 140 is rotated reversely, the clamping plate 200 slides downwards and is pressed on the body of the grinder 300, the clamping plate 200 and the lower support block 110 form a clamping force to clamp the grinder 300, finally, the grinder 300 is started to drive the grinding wheel 310 at the head of the grinder to rotate at a high speed, and the radial feed mechanism and the axial feed mechanism of a tool rest of the machine tool are utilized to feed the grinding wheel 310 towards a chuck rotating at a low speed so as to grind the clamping jaws; when the grinder 300 breaks down and needs to be disassembled, assembled and maintained, the grinder 300 can be quickly taken down through the operations. That is, the grinder 300 can be quickly clamped by the support of the lower support block 110 and the vertical sliding of the clamp plate 200 on the side surface of the bracket 100, the clamp of the grinder 300 can be realized without bolt connection, the structure is simple, time for dismounting and replacing is short, and the machining efficiency of the machine tool can be improved.
In the present embodiment, the sliding groove 120 is a dovetail sliding groove, and the sliding block 210 is a dovetail sliding block. Namely, the cross sections of the two parts are all in a trapezoidal structure, and the two parts form a mortise and tenon structure after being occluded, so that the connection strength is high, and the sliding is more stable.
In order to save the clamping time of the grinder 300, the upper end of the screw 140 is connected with the handle 150 after passing through the rectangular frame 130. The handle 150 rotates the screw 140 to increase the speed of the clamping plate 200 sliding up and down, thereby rapidly completing the clamping and disassembling of the grinder 300.
The upper end of the side of the bracket 100 opposite to the clamping plate 200 is provided with a connecting plate 160, the connecting plate 160 is provided with a pair of positioning holes 161, the bracket 100 is detachably connected with a tool holder through the connecting plate 160, and screws on the tool holder can be screwed into the positioning holes 161. Specifically, each side of the existing machine tool rest is provided with three screws for tightly pushing a tool, the side surface of the outer end of the connecting plate 160 can be attached to the position of the tool on the tool rest, then the screws on two sides of the three screws are screwed into the corresponding positioning holes 161, and the middle screw is tightly pushed on the connecting plate 160, so that the axis of the grinder 300 is parallel to the axis of the machine tool chuck, and the connecting strength can be improved.
Clamping grooves (not shown) are formed in the arc-shaped concave parts of the lower supporting block 110 and the clamping plate 200, and arc-shaped base plates 230 are detachably inserted into the clamping grooves. Because the center height of the chuck axis changes due to different machine tool models, the grinding height of the grinding machine 300 can be adjusted by replacing the arc-shaped base plate 230 with different thicknesses, so that the center height of the axis of the grinding machine 300 is flush with the axis of the chuck of the machine tool (namely, the center height of the axis of the grinding machine 300 is at the same height), and the universality of the clamping mechanism is improved.
The lower supporting block 110 and the clamping plate 200 are respectively provided with a jacking screw 240 corresponding to the arc-shaped backing plate 230, and the jacking screw 240 can jack the arc-shaped backing plate 230 after penetrating through the lower supporting block 110 or the clamping plate 200. After the grinder 300 is clamped by the lower holder 110 and the clamping plate 200, the tightening screw 240 is screwed to abut against the arc-shaped backing plate 230 to generate micro-deformation, so that the clamping force of the lower holder 110 and the clamping plate 200 is increased, and the connection strength is further improved.
In order to improve the stability of the grinder 300 in the operation process after being clamped, two lower support blocks 110 are symmetrically arranged, and the clamping plate 200 is positioned between the two lower support blocks 110.
The above embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the technical solutions of the present invention, so long as the technical solutions can be realized on the basis of the above embodiments without creative efforts, which should be considered to fall within the protection scope of the patent of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a gripper coping emery wheel clamping mechanism, can dismantle with the knife rest of current lathe and be connected, its characterized in that, this clamping mechanism includes:
the lower end of the side surface of the bracket is horizontally provided with a lower supporting block for supporting the grinding wheel machine; and
the clamping plate is connected with the bracket in a vertical sliding mode and used for pressing the grinding machine;
wherein, the surfaces of the lower supporting block and the clamping plate, which are respectively contacted with the grinding machine, are in an arc-shaped concave structure.
2. The clamping mechanism for the grinding wheel of the jaw grinding machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
a vertical sliding groove is formed in the middle of the side face of the bracket where the lower supporting block is located, a rectangular frame is arranged at the upper end of the bracket where the sliding groove is located, and a screw rod is rotationally connected in the rectangular frame;
a sliding block is arranged on the side face of one end of the clamping plate and is in sliding connection with the sliding groove;
the top surface of one end of the clamping plate where the sliding block is located is provided with an L-shaped component, the upper end of the L-shaped component is provided with a threaded hole, and the threaded hole is in threaded connection with the screw rod.
3. The clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism according to claim 2, wherein the sliding groove is a dovetail sliding groove, and the sliding block is a dovetail sliding block.
4. The clamping mechanism for the grinding wheel of the claw grinding machine as claimed in claim 2 or 3, wherein a handle is connected to the upper end of the screw after the upper end of the screw penetrates through the rectangular frame.
5. The clamping mechanism for clamping the grinding wheel on the grinding jaw according to claim 1, wherein a connecting plate is arranged at the upper end of the side surface of the bracket, which faces away from the clamping plate, a pair of positioning holes is formed in the connecting plate, the bracket is detachably connected with the tool rest through the connecting plate, and screws on the tool rest can be screwed into the positioning holes.
6. The clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism according to claim 1 or 5, wherein clamping grooves are formed in arc-shaped concave parts of the lower supporting block and the clamping plate, and arc-shaped base plates are detachably inserted into the clamping grooves.
7. The clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism according to claim 6, wherein the lower support block and the clamping plate are respectively provided with a jacking screw corresponding to the arc-shaped base plate, and the jacking screw penetrates through the lower support block or the clamping plate to jack the arc-shaped base plate.
8. The clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism according to any one of claims 1, 5 and 7, wherein the lower supporting block is symmetrically provided with two pieces, and the clamping plate is positioned between the two pieces of the lower supporting block.
CN202122199893.5U 2021-09-13 2021-09-13 Clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism Active CN215748606U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122199893.5U CN215748606U (en) 2021-09-13 2021-09-13 Clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122199893.5U CN215748606U (en) 2021-09-13 2021-09-13 Clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215748606U true CN215748606U (en) 2022-02-08

Family

ID=80086536

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122199893.5U Active CN215748606U (en) 2021-09-13 2021-09-13 Clamping jaw grinding wheel clamping mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215748606U (en)

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