CN215633527U - Monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of wind turbine generator - Google Patents

Monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of wind turbine generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215633527U
CN215633527U CN202121272984.0U CN202121272984U CN215633527U CN 215633527 U CN215633527 U CN 215633527U CN 202121272984 U CN202121272984 U CN 202121272984U CN 215633527 U CN215633527 U CN 215633527U
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monitoring
shell
pcb
bin
wind turbine
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CN202121272984.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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王猛一
湛永昌
胡翔
翟华伟
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Zhengzhou Aiyinte Electronic Technology Co ltd
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Zhengzhou Aiyinte Electronic Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of a wind turbine generator, which at least comprises a sensing layer and a broken line monitoring device, wherein the sensing layer and the broken line monitoring device are arranged on the circumferential outer wall of the root part of each blade and are connected through a lead; the wireless receiving device comprises a wireless receiving module and a fault state relay connected with an I/O interface, and the I/O interface is connected with a main control PLC in the engine room; the utility model discloses a but the direct detection goes out blade crackle situation and sends and report to the police or shut down the instruction, and the waterproof dirt-proof structure of broken string monitoring devices makes it be difficult for receiving the environmental impact, and the testing result is accurate and can satisfy various adverse environmental conditions, and this utility model has simple, the convenient operation's of installation simultaneously advantage.

Description

Monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of wind turbine generator
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the field of wind turbine generator monitoring, and particularly relates to a monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of a wind turbine generator.
Background
The monitoring of the cracks of the blades and the bearings of the wind generating set is always a great problem for the wind generating set, particularly, the cracks of the blades and the bearings of the wind generating set are high in risk when the set is in service for more than 10 years, once the initial cracks occur, if the initial cracks cannot be found and treated in time, the situation that the blades are broken or even fall off can be caused, and a great safety accident is caused. At present, detection methods such as ultrasonic, magnetic powder, vision and strain gauges are mostly adopted for detecting metal cracks, although the technologies are mature, the technologies are limited by installation space, complex implementation process, difficult signal acquisition, easy interference from external environment, high cost and the like in the online operation monitoring process of the wind turbine generator, and the technologies which can be really applied to the monitoring of the cracks of the wind turbine blade and the bearing thereof in actual life are not many.
In addition to the detection methods of ultrasound, magnetic powder, vision, strain gauges and the like, there is also a method of detecting cracks by using a conductive loop, for example, the method is formed by spraying conductive paint in patent CN2017204662132, two ends of the conductive loop are connected with a signal processing module by leading out signal lines, the signal processing module is connected with a power module, the signal processing module is used for outputting an alarm signal of wind power bearing cracks when the conductive loop is disconnected, or in patent CN201720746196.8, a conductive coating is continuously coated on the surface of a detected bearing along the circumferential direction of the detected bearing, a detection part is electrically connected with the conductive coating, and the on-off state of the conductive coating is detected so as to detect the crack problem of the bearing; however, the technical scheme has high requirements on application scenes and large limitations, and if the blade hub is lack of a corresponding signal transmission interface, the blade hub cannot be normally used, and a closed-loop operation that only a crack monitoring signal can be provided and analysis, judgment and control of fan alarming or stopping cannot be realized exists. Therefore, in order to solve the above problems, a monitoring system for cracks of the wind turbine blade and the bearing needs to be developed.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides a monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of a wind turbine generator, which can directly detect the crack condition of the blades and send out an alarm or stop command, and the waterproof and dustproof structure of a broken wire monitoring device ensures that the broken wire monitoring device is not easily influenced by the environment, has accurate detection result and can meet various severe environmental conditions, and simultaneously has the advantages of simple installation process and convenient operation.
The technical scheme adopted for realizing the above purpose of the utility model is as follows:
a monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of a wind turbine generator at least comprises a sensing layer and a broken line monitoring device which are arranged on the circumferential outer wall of the root of a blade and connected through a lead, and is also provided with a wireless receiving device and an I/O interface, wherein the broken line monitoring device comprises a shell, and an energy storage module, an on-off monitoring module and a wireless transmitting module which are arranged in the shell, wherein the on-off monitoring module is connected with the sensing layer and used for monitoring the on-off of the sensing layer, the energy storage module provides electric energy for the broken line monitoring device, and the wireless transmitting module is connected with the on-off monitoring module and used for transmitting signals monitored by the on-off monitoring module; the wireless receiving device and the I/O interface are installed in the engine room, the wireless receiving device comprises a wireless receiving module and a fault state relay connected with the wireless receiving module, the fault state relay is connected with the I/O interface, the I/O interface is connected with a master control PLC in the engine room, the wireless receiving module receives signals of the wireless transmitting module and sends the signals to the fault state relay, the fault state relay outputs the signals to the I/O interface, and the I/O interface sends the signals to the master control PLC.
The sensing layer is an insulated enameled wire sensor and is bonded on the circumferential outer wall of the root of the blade.
And the bottom of the broken wire monitoring device is provided with a magnet, and the broken wire monitoring device is fixed on the circumferential outer wall of the root part of the blade through the magnet.
Two plug-in connectors are arranged outside the shell and connected with the sensing layer through wires, and the wires are connected with the sensing layer through soldering tin.
The shell comprises a battery bin, an antenna bin and a PCB bin, wherein the battery bin is positioned on one side of the upper part of the shell, the antenna bin is positioned on the other side of the upper part of the shell, and the PCB bin is positioned on the middle lower part of the shell; the energy storage module is installed in the battery compartment, the on-off monitoring module is located on a PCB assembly in the PCB compartment, the wireless transmitting module comprises a wireless transmitting circuit and an antenna, the wireless transmitting circuit is located on the PCB assembly in the PCB compartment, and the antenna is installed in the antenna compartment.
The PCB component is provided with a waterproof normally closed button, the shell is externally provided with a power-off insertion piece matched with the waterproof normally closed button, and the shell and the waterproof normally closed button are matched and jointly used for controlling the on-off of the broken line monitoring device.
The bottom in PCB storehouse is provided with lid behind PCB storehouse sealing washer and the PCB storehouse, magnet is installed on the bottom surface of lid behind the PCB storehouse.
The battery compartment comprises a battery box for mounting a battery, a battery compartment cover and a battery compartment sealing ring.
The battery compartment cover is movably connected to the shell through a rotating shaft structure, and the shell is buckled through a buckle to form a closed battery compartment.
The antenna bin is composed of an antenna bin upper cover and an antenna bin sealing ring.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: 1. the broken wire monitoring device has the advantages that the coil, the PCB bin sealing ring, the antenna bin sealing ring and the battery bin sealing ring are arranged to form a waterproof and dustproof closed structure with the shell, so that the influence of severe environment on the monitoring device and detection errors are reduced, and the detection result is more accurate; 2. the battery compartment, the PCB compartment and the antenna compartment in the broken wire monitoring device are isolated from each other, the shell and the rear cover of the PCB compartment are made of aluminum alloy materials to ensure electromagnetic shielding of a PCB assembly, the upper cover of the antenna compartment is made of plastic materials to facilitate transmission of antenna signals, and meanwhile, the battery compartment cover is convenient to open and replace a battery by using a rotating shaft and buckle structure; 3. according to the utility model, the power-off and self-checking functions are realized through mutual cooperation of the power-off inserting sheet and the waterproof normally-closed button according to an internal program, and meanwhile, the function of waking up the rest time sleep regularly can be realized so as to achieve the effect of energy saving; 4. the utility model is connected with the sensing layer on the blade through the disconnection monitoring device, so as to monitor the crack condition of the surface of the blade root of each blade, and transmits the acquired signal to the wireless receiving module in the wireless receiving device in a wireless mode, the wireless receiving module sends the signal to the fault state relay, the fault state relay outputs the signal to the I/O interface, the I/O interface sends the signal to the master control PLC, and the master control PLC analyzes and judges and controls whether the fan alarms or stops by using a master control program, so that the monitoring feedback, the data analysis and the closed loop of the fan control are realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a system provided by the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a general structure diagram of the disconnection monitoring device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an overall block diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial block diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: 1-battery compartment cover, 2-battery, 3-battery compartment, 4-battery compartment sealing ring, 5-shell, 6-power-off plug, 7-PCB component, 8-waterproof normally-closed button, 9-magnet, 10-PCB compartment rear cover, 11-PCB compartment sealing ring, 12-antenna, 13-antenna compartment upper cover, 14-antenna compartment sealing ring, 15-coil, 16-wire, 17-two-position plug-in connector, 18-blade, 19-hub, 20-cabin, 21-wireless receiving device, 22-wire-off monitoring device, 23-round hole, 24-sensing layer and 25-clamping groove.
Detailed Description
The utility model is further illustrated by the following figures and examples.
The embodiment provides a monitoring system for cracks of a blade and a bearing of a wind turbine generator, which at least comprises a sensing layer 24 and a broken line monitoring device 22 which are arranged on the circumferential outer wall of the root of a blade 18 and connected through a lead 16, wherein the sensing layer is an insulated enameled wire sensor and is bonded on the circumferential outer wall of the root of the blade, a magnet is arranged at the bottom of the broken line monitoring device, the broken line monitoring device is fixed on the circumferential outer wall of the root of the blade connected with a hub 19 through a magnet 9, and a wireless receiving device 21 and an I/O interface are further arranged; the wireless receiving device and the I/O interface are installed in the engine room 20, the wireless receiving device comprises a wireless receiving module and a fault state relay connected with the wireless receiving module, the fault state relay is connected with the I/O interface, the I/O interface is connected with a master control PLC in the engine room, the wireless receiving module receives signals of the wireless transmitting module and sends the signals to the fault state relay, the fault state relay outputs the signals to the I/O interface, the I/O interface sends the signals to the master control PLC, and the master control PLC uses a master control program to analyze, judge and control whether the fan gives an alarm or stops, so that monitoring feedback, data analysis and closed loop of the fan control are achieved.
The shell 5 comprises a battery bin, an antenna bin and a PCB bin, wherein the battery bin is positioned on one side of the upper part of the shell, the antenna bin is positioned on the other side of the upper part of the shell, and the PCB bin is positioned on the middle lower part of the shell; the energy storage module is arranged in the battery bin, the on-off monitoring module is positioned on the PCB assembly 7 in the PCB bin, the wireless transmitting module comprises a wireless transmitting circuit and an antenna, the wireless transmitting circuit is positioned on the PCB assembly in the PCB bin, and the antenna 12 is arranged in the antenna bin; the bottom of the PCB bin is provided with a PCB bin sealing ring 11 and a PCB bin rear cover 10, the magnet is installed on the bottom surface of the PCB bin rear cover, a waterproof normally closed button 8 is arranged on the PCB assembly, a power-off inserting piece 6 matched with the waterproof normally closed button is arranged outside the shell, a power-off inserting piece 6, a clamping groove 25 matched with the power-off inserting piece and a round hole 23 exposed out of a pressing contact of the waterproof normally closed button are arranged on the side edge of the shell, the round hole is positioned in the middle of the clamping groove, the power-off inserting piece is matched with the pressing contact on the clamping groove to realize the power-off and self-checking functions, the battery bin is composed of a battery box 3, a battery bin cover 1 and a battery bin sealing ring 4, wherein the battery box is used for installing a battery 2, the battery bin cover is movably connected to the shell through a rotating shaft structure, and the shell is buckled through a buckle to form a closed battery bin; the antenna bin is composed of an antenna bin upper cover 13 and an antenna bin sealing ring 14, the rear covers of the shell and the PCB bin are made of aluminum alloy materials, electromagnetic shielding of the PCB assembly is guaranteed, and the antenna bin upper cover is made of plastic materials and facilitates antenna signal transmission. The shell is also provided with a wire passing hole outside, the wire passing hole is provided with a coil 15, a wire connected with the broken wire monitoring device extends out of the wire passing hole and is connected with a two-position wire inserting device 17, the two-position wire inserting device is connected with the sensing layer through the wire, and the wire is connected with the sensing layer through soldering tin.
The specific operation flow of the embodiment is as follows: every wind turbine generator system is 3 blades altogether, 1 perception layer and 1 broken string monitoring devices are arranged to every blade root, the perception layer is insulating enameled wire sensor, use the perception layer to encircle every blade root 1 circle and through special sticky joint on the blade root surface, then will inspect in advance broken string monitoring devices pass through behind the PCB storehouse two magnets under cover to be fixed on blade root circumference outer wall, then be connected two grafting wares on its casing with the wire, the other end of wire passes through soldering tin and connects the perception layer, make broken string monitoring devices can regularly awaken up through setting for inside procedure, the rest time dormancy. When the broken wire monitoring device is awakened, when cracks are detected through the sensing layer, data analysis is carried out through the on-off monitoring module in the monitoring device, analyzed signals are transmitted to the wireless receiving module in the wireless receiving device through the antenna by the wireless transmitting module, the wireless receiving module sends the signals to the fault state relay, the fault state relay outputs the signals to the I/O interface, the I/O interface sends the signals to the master control PLC, the master control PLC uses a master control program to analyze, judge and control the fan to alarm or stop, closed loop of monitoring feedback, data analysis and fan control is achieved, meanwhile, the broken wire monitoring device can be mutually cooperated through the power-off inserting piece and the waterproof normally closed button in the monitoring process, and power-off and self-detection functions are achieved.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a monitoring system for wind turbine generator system blade and bearing crack, is at least including installing perception layer and the broken string monitoring devices on the circumference outer wall of blade root, and both pass through the wire and connect its characterized in that: the wireless monitoring device comprises a shell, and an energy storage module, an on-off monitoring module and a wireless transmitting module which are arranged in the shell, wherein the on-off monitoring module is connected with the sensing layer and monitors the on-off of the sensing layer; the wireless receiving device and the I/O interface are installed in the engine room, the wireless receiving device comprises a wireless receiving module and a fault state relay connected with the wireless receiving module, the fault state relay is connected with the I/O interface, the I/O interface is connected with a master control PLC in the engine room, the wireless receiving module receives signals of the wireless transmitting module and sends the signals to the fault state relay, the fault state relay outputs the signals to the I/O interface, and the I/O interface sends the signals to the master control PLC.
2. The system for monitoring wind turbine blade and bearing cracks of claim 1, wherein: the sensing layer is an insulated enameled wire sensor and is bonded on the circumferential outer wall of the root of the blade.
3. The system for monitoring wind turbine blade and bearing cracks of claim 1, wherein: and the bottom of the broken wire monitoring device is provided with a magnet, and the broken wire monitoring device is fixed on the circumferential outer wall of the root part of the blade through the magnet.
4. The system for monitoring wind turbine blade and bearing cracks of claim 1, wherein: two plug-in connectors are arranged outside the shell and connected with the sensing layer through wires, and the wires are connected with the sensing layer through soldering tin.
5. The system for monitoring wind turbine blade and bearing cracks of claim 3, wherein: the shell comprises a battery bin, an antenna bin and a PCB bin, wherein the battery bin is positioned on one side of the upper part of the shell, the antenna bin is positioned on the other side of the upper part of the shell, and the PCB bin is positioned on the middle lower part of the shell; the energy storage module is installed in the battery compartment, the on-off monitoring module is located on a PCB assembly in the PCB compartment, the wireless transmitting module comprises a wireless transmitting circuit and an antenna, the wireless transmitting circuit is located on the PCB assembly in the PCB compartment, the antenna is installed in the antenna compartment, a PCB compartment sealing ring and a PCB compartment rear cover are arranged at the bottom of the PCB compartment, and the magnet is installed on the bottom surface of the PCB compartment rear cover.
6. The system for monitoring wind turbine blade and bearing cracks of claim 5, wherein: the PCB component is provided with a waterproof normally closed button, the shell is externally provided with a power-off insertion piece matched with the waterproof normally closed button, and the shell and the waterproof normally closed button are matched and jointly used for controlling the on-off of the broken line monitoring device.
7. The system for monitoring wind turbine blade and bearing cracks of claim 5, wherein: the battery compartment comprises a battery box for mounting a battery, a battery compartment cover and a battery compartment sealing ring.
8. The system for monitoring wind turbine blade and bearing cracks of claim 7, wherein: the battery compartment cover is movably connected to the shell through a rotating shaft structure, and the shell is buckled through a buckle to form a closed battery compartment.
9. The system for monitoring wind turbine blade and bearing cracks of claim 5, wherein: the antenna bin is composed of an antenna bin upper cover and an antenna bin sealing ring.
CN202121272984.0U 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 Monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of wind turbine generator Active CN215633527U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121272984.0U CN215633527U (en) 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 Monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of wind turbine generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121272984.0U CN215633527U (en) 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 Monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of wind turbine generator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215633527U true CN215633527U (en) 2022-01-25

Family

ID=79942326

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121272984.0U Active CN215633527U (en) 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 Monitoring system for cracks of blades and bearings of wind turbine generator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215633527U (en)

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