CN215616486U - Simple and reliable milling tool for multi-inclined-plane workpiece - Google Patents

Simple and reliable milling tool for multi-inclined-plane workpiece Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215616486U
CN215616486U CN202122064643.0U CN202122064643U CN215616486U CN 215616486 U CN215616486 U CN 215616486U CN 202122064643 U CN202122064643 U CN 202122064643U CN 215616486 U CN215616486 U CN 215616486U
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China
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plate
base
supporting
milling tool
block
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CN202122064643.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐海昆
杨德云
杨懿
徐海龙
杨瑾
张光和
柳杰
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Kunming Honggu Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Kunming Honggu Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a simple and reliable milling tool for a multi-inclined-plane workpiece, wherein a fixed block is fixed on one side of a base, a clamping block is arranged on the other side of the base in a sliding manner, and a clamping rod penetrates through a screw hole of the base and is hinged with the clamping block; the base is equipped with and presss from both sides tight piece slip direction vertically T-slot, supports the swash plate perpendicular to and presss from both sides tight piece slip direction and locate the base upper end, is equipped with the chute along length direction on supporting the swash plate, and T-slot bolt is located T-slot and the upper end passes clamp plate middle part through-hole, and the bottom of clamp plate one end is supported tightly and is supported the swash plate up end and other end bottom and base between be equipped with the supporting shoe. The clamping mechanism is formed by the fixed block, the clamping block and the clamping rod, the inclined plane of the multi-inclined-plane workpiece is positioned by the support inclined plate, the support inclined plate is pressed by the T-shaped groove bolt matched with the pressing plate and the support block, the inclined plane of the support workpiece is in a horizontal state and is clamped to facilitate processing, and the clamping mechanism has the characteristics of simple structure, accurate angle control, stable and reliable support and convenient adjustment.

Description

Simple and reliable milling tool for multi-inclined-plane workpiece
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of machining tools, and particularly relates to a simple and reliable milling tool for a multi-inclined-surface workpiece, which is simple in structure, accurate in angle control, stable and reliable in support and convenient and fast to adjust.
Background
Milling is a mechanical machining method in which a rotating milling cutter is used as a tool to machine the surface of an object. The milling machine has the advantages that the cutter rotates (performs main motion) and moves (performs feed motion) during milling, and the workpiece moves (performs feed motion) or is fixed, so that the milling machine is suitable for processing planes, grooves, various forming surfaces (such as spline milling keys, gears and threads), special surfaces of dies and the like, and is a machining method with wide application.
In the milling machining, various workpieces with irregular shapes are usually required to be machined, for example, inclined planes with different slopes are required to be machined, and in the prior art, a gasket is generally adopted to support a bottom surface or a milling head of a rotary milling device so as to control a milling angle. But the support adjustment of the gasket has inaccurate angle control and can not realize the adjustment of any angle; when the angle condition is complex, the control is not easy, and a plurality of gaskets with different thicknesses are required to be matched with each other; the gasket supports easily cause the workpiece to slide obliquely, so the support is not firm and the processing quality cannot be ensured. In addition, the problem of inaccurate angle control exists when the milling angle is controlled by rotating the milling head of the milling equipment, and the application of the bevel in the groove is limited because the rib of the bevel interferes with the cutter shaft. In the prior art, a supporting plate with an adjustable slope is also adopted to control a milling angle, but the supporting plate is often in a thread adjusting structure, so that the rigidity and the strength of the supporting plate are limited, the supporting plate can only be applied to the processing of a free-cutting workpiece, and for a conventional workpiece, the cutting force of the milling processing is large, so that only a small cutting amount can be adopted, the milling efficiency is low, and the limitation is large; and because the angle is adjusted through the screw thread, the angle control precision is lower.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a simple and reliable milling tool for a multi-inclined-plane workpiece, which has the advantages of simple structure, accurate angle control, stable and reliable support and convenience and rapidness in adjustment.
The utility model is realized by the following steps: the clamping device comprises a base, a fixing block, a clamping rod, a supporting inclined plate, a pressing plate, a T-shaped groove bolt and a supporting block, wherein the fixing block is fixedly arranged at the upper end of one side of the base; the base is provided with a plurality of T-shaped grooves perpendicular to the sliding direction of the clamping blocks, the supporting inclined plate is perpendicular to the sliding direction of the clamping blocks and is arranged at the upper end of the base, at least two inclined grooves are formed in the supporting inclined plate at intervals along the length direction, T-shaped groove bolts are arranged in the T-shaped grooves at one end of the supporting inclined plate, the upper end of each T-shaped groove bolt penetrates through a through hole in the middle of the corresponding pressing plate, the bottom of one end of each pressing plate abuts against the upper end face of the corresponding supporting inclined plate, and a supporting block is arranged between the bottom of the other end of each pressing plate and the upper end of the base.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. the clamping mechanism is formed by the fixing block, the clamping block and the clamping rod, and radial clamping is formed on a workpiece; the supporting inclined plate is arranged to place the multi-inclined-plane workpiece in the inner-forming inclined-plane positioning mode, so that the positioning is simple, the precision is high, and the supporting rigidity and the strength of the supporting inclined plate for the multi-inclined-plane workpiece are high, so that the inclined plane of the workpiece can form a horizontal plane to facilitate the processing, the cutting can be carried out by using the conventional cutting amount, and the cutting efficiency can be effectively improved; and the T-shaped groove bolt is matched with the T-shaped groove and the supporting block on the pressure plate to tightly press the supporting inclined plate, so that the supporting inclined plate can resist vibration caused by intermittent cutting during milling, and the processing precision is improved.
2. According to the utility model, the supporting inclined plate with the V-shaped grooves with different opening angles can be prefabricated according to the inclined plane of the machined workpiece, and workpieces with different angles and different thicknesses can be adapted by simply replacing the supporting inclined plate, so that the adjustment is more convenient and faster, and the adaptability and the universality are stronger.
In conclusion, the utility model has the characteristics of simple structure, accurate angle control, stable and reliable support and convenient adjustment.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a multi-bevel workpiece;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the supporting sloping plate structure of the present invention;
in the figure: 1-base, 1A-T-shaped groove, 2-fixed block, 2A-boss, 2B-platform, 3-clamping block, 4-clamping rod, 4A-handle, 5-supporting inclined plate, 5A-chute, 6-pressing plate, 7-T-shaped groove bolt, 7A-pressing nut, 7B-elastic damping body, 8-supporting block, 9-multi-inclined plane workpiece, 9A-flange, 9B-inclined plane I and 9C-inclined plane II.
Detailed Description
The utility model is further illustrated by the following figures and examples, which are not intended to limit the utility model in any way, and any variations or modifications which are based on the teachings of the utility model are intended to be within the scope of the utility model.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the clamping device comprises a base 1, a fixed block 2, a clamping block 3, a clamping rod 4, a supporting inclined plate 5, a pressure plate 6, a T-shaped groove bolt 7 and a supporting block 8, wherein the fixed block 2 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of one side of the base 1, the clamping block 3 is slidably arranged at the upper end of the other side of the base 1 far away from the fixed block 2, and the clamping rod 4 penetrates through a screw hole in the base 1 and is hinged with the clamping block 3; the clamp is characterized in that a plurality of T-shaped grooves 1A which are perpendicular to the sliding direction of the clamping blocks 3 are formed in the base 1, the supporting inclined plate 5 is perpendicular to the sliding direction of the clamping blocks 3 and is arranged at the upper end of the base 1, at least two inclined grooves 5A are formed in the supporting inclined plate 5 at intervals along the length direction, T-shaped groove bolts 7 are arranged in the T-shaped grooves 1A at one end of the supporting inclined plate 5, the upper end of each T-shaped groove bolt penetrates through a through hole in the middle of the corresponding clamp plate 6, the bottom of one end of each clamp plate 6 abuts against the upper end face of the corresponding clamp plate 5, and a supporting block 8 is arranged between the bottom of the other end of each clamp plate 6 and the upper end of the base 1.
Support swash plate 5 and be provided with the platform face for upper portion is provided with the rectangular plate of chute 5A and the at least one end in upper portion, the platform face of tightly supporting swash plate 5 is supported to the bottom of 6 one ends of clamp plate.
The opening angles of the inclined grooves 5A on the upper part of the supporting inclined plate 5 are different or the same.
The inclined groove 5A is a V-shaped groove corresponding to an included angle between the inclined plane of the multi-inclined-plane workpiece and the bottom plane, and the inclined groove 5A is perpendicular to the side wall of the supporting inclined plate 5.
The number and the opening angle of the inclined grooves 5A on the upper part of the supporting inclined plate 5 correspond to the inclined planes of the multi-inclined-plane workpiece respectively.
The distance between the opposite surfaces of the clamping block 3 and the fixed block 2 is greater than the thickness of the supporting inclined plate 5, and the thickness of the supporting inclined plate 5 is 1/2-4/5 of the length of a multi-inclined-surface workpiece.
The upper end of the T-shaped groove bolt 7 penetrating through the through hole in the middle of the pressing plate 6 is provided with a compression nut 7A, and an elastic damping body 7B is arranged between the compression nut 7A and the pressing plate 6 in a penetrating mode through a screw rod of the T-shaped groove bolt 7.
The elastic shock absorption body 7B is an elastic washer, a compression spring or a rubber column.
Fixed block 2 is fixed to be provided with boss 2A in base 1 upper end and one side, fixed block 2 still is provided with platform 2B with boss 2A's inside wall vertically, press from both sides tight piece 3 and slide and set up in platform 2B upper end, it is articulated with pressing from both sides tight piece 3 to pass the screw that keeps away from boss 2A on fixed block 2 to promote to press from both sides the relative boss 2A back-and-forth movement of tight piece 3.
The outer side of the screw hole far away from the boss 2A of the clamping rod 4 is fixedly provided with a hand wheel or a handle 4A, or the outer side of the screw hole far away from the boss 2A of the clamping rod 4 is connected with a piston rod of an air cylinder or an oil cylinder.
The working principle and the working process of the utility model are as follows:
as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, before machining, two V-shaped chutes 5A are respectively and correspondingly arranged on the upper part of the support inclined plate 5 according to the angles of the inclined surfaces i 9B and ii 9C of the multi-inclined-surface workpiece 9 relative to the bottom surface, and when the multi-inclined-surface workpiece 9 is respectively placed in the two chutes 5A of the support inclined plate 5, the inclined surfaces i 9B and ii 9C are horizontal and higher than the upper surface of the support inclined plate 5. Then fix fixed block 2 on base 1, will support the clamping face that the swash plate 5 is on a parallel with boss 2A and place on fixed block 2 after that, adjust T-slot bolt 7 and compress tightly and fix supporting swash plate 5 with the one end of clamp plate 6, accomplish the adjustment installation.
During machining, the multi-bevel workpiece 9 is placed in the corresponding inclined groove 5A of the supporting inclined plate 5, the clamping rod 4 is adjusted to move the clamping block 3 to radially clamp the multi-bevel workpiece 9, and then a milling machine or a boring machine is started to mill the multi-bevel workpiece 9 to form a bevel I9B or a bevel II 9C. After the milling of the inclined planes with the same slope of a batch of workpieces is finished, the multi-inclined-plane workpiece 9 is placed in the other inclined groove 5A of the supporting inclined plate 5, and the other inclined plane is continuously milled, so that the inclined plane processing of the multi-inclined-plane workpiece 9 is finished.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily conceived by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention are included in the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. A simple and reliable milling tool for a multi-inclined-plane workpiece is characterized by comprising a base (1), a fixing block (2), a clamping block (3), a clamping rod (4), a supporting inclined plate (5), a pressing plate (6), a T-shaped groove bolt (7) and a supporting block (8), wherein the fixing block (2) is fixedly arranged at the upper end of one side of the base (1), the clamping block (3) is slidably arranged at the upper end of the other side of the base (1) far away from the fixing block (2), and the clamping rod (4) penetrates through a screw hole in the base (1) and is hinged with the clamping block (3); be provided with on base (1) a plurality of and press from both sides tight piece (3) slip direction vertically T-slot (1A), support swash plate (5) perpendicular to press from both sides the slip direction of tight piece (3) and set up in the upper end of base (1), it is provided with two at least chutes (5A) along the length direction interval on swash plate (5) to support, T-slot bolt (7) set up in the T-slot (1A) of supporting swash plate (5) one end and the upper end passes the through-hole at clamp plate (6) middle part, the bottom of clamp plate (6) one end is supported the up end that supports swash plate (5) tightly, be provided with supporting shoe (8) between the other end bottom of clamp plate (6) and the upper end of base (1).
2. The simple and reliable milling tool for the multi-bevel workpiece according to claim 1, wherein the inclined support plate (5) is a rectangular plate with an inclined groove (5A) at the upper part and a platform surface at least at one end of the upper part, and the bottom of one end of the pressure plate (6) abuts against the platform surface of the inclined support plate (5).
3. The simple and reliable milling tool for the multi-bevel workpiece according to claim 2 is characterized in that the opening angles of the inclined grooves (5A) at the upper part of the inclined supporting plate (5) are different or the same.
4. The simple and reliable milling tool for the multi-bevel workpiece according to claim 3, wherein the inclined grooves (5A) are V-shaped grooves corresponding to included angles between the bevels of the multi-bevel workpiece and the bottom plane, and the inclined grooves (5A) are perpendicular to the side wall of the supporting inclined plate (5).
5. The simple and reliable milling tool for the multi-bevel workpiece according to claim 4, wherein the number of the inclined grooves (5A) on the upper portion of the inclined supporting plate (5) and the opening angle of the inclined supporting plate correspond to the bevels of the multi-bevel workpiece respectively.
6. The simple and reliable milling tool for the multi-bevel workpiece is characterized in that the distance between the opposite surfaces of the clamping block (3) and the fixed block (2) is larger than the thickness of the supporting inclined plate (5), and the thickness of the supporting inclined plate (5) is 1/2-4/5 of the length of the multi-bevel workpiece.
7. The simple and reliable milling tool for the multi-inclined-plane workpiece according to any one of claims 2 to 6, wherein a compression nut (7A) is arranged at the upper end of the T-shaped groove bolt (7) penetrating through a through hole in the middle of the pressure plate (6), and an elastic damping body (7B) is arranged between the compression nut (7A) and the pressure plate (6) in a penetrating manner on a screw rod of the T-shaped groove bolt (7).
8. The simple and reliable milling tool for the multi-bevel workpiece according to claim 7, wherein the elastic shock absorbing body (7B) is an elastic washer, a compression spring or a rubber column.
9. The simple and reliable milling tool for the multi-inclined-plane workpiece according to claim 7, characterized in that the fixing block (2) is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the base (1), a boss (2A) is arranged on one side of the fixing block, the fixing block (2) is further provided with a platform (2B) perpendicular to the inner side wall of the boss (2A), the clamping block (3) is slidably arranged at the upper end of the platform (2B), and the clamping rod (4) penetrates through a screw hole in the fixing block (2) far away from the boss (2A) and is hinged to the clamping block (3) so as to push the clamping block (3) to move back and forth relative to the boss (2A).
10. The simple and reliable milling tool for the multi-inclined-surface workpiece according to claim 7, wherein a hand wheel or a handle is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the screw hole far away from the boss (2A) of the clamping rod (4), or a piston rod of an air cylinder or an oil cylinder is linked on the outer side of the screw hole far away from the boss (2A) of the clamping rod (4).
CN202122064643.0U 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 Simple and reliable milling tool for multi-inclined-plane workpiece Active CN215616486U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122064643.0U CN215616486U (en) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 Simple and reliable milling tool for multi-inclined-plane workpiece

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122064643.0U CN215616486U (en) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 Simple and reliable milling tool for multi-inclined-plane workpiece

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CN215616486U true CN215616486U (en) 2022-01-25

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112917204A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-08 江苏沃得农业机械配件制造有限公司 Pipe part square milling tool

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112917204A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-08 江苏沃得农业机械配件制造有限公司 Pipe part square milling tool

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