CN215414463U - Soil compaction experiment device that fetches earth among building engineering - Google Patents

Soil compaction experiment device that fetches earth among building engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215414463U
CN215414463U CN202121562618.9U CN202121562618U CN215414463U CN 215414463 U CN215414463 U CN 215414463U CN 202121562618 U CN202121562618 U CN 202121562618U CN 215414463 U CN215414463 U CN 215414463U
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
soil sampling
sliding
sampling cylinder
thick bamboo
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CN202121562618.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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王春龙
汤浩
张辉添
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Guangdong Highway Engineering Quality Monitoring Center
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Guangdong Highway Engineering Quality Monitoring Center
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a soil sampling device for a soil compaction experiment in constructional engineering, which comprises a bracket, wherein a driving assembly is arranged on the bracket, a soil sampling cylinder is fixedly arranged at the output end of the driving assembly, an opening at the bottom of the soil sampling cylinder is arranged, a material pushing mechanism is arranged in the soil sampling cylinder, the material pushing mechanism comprises a motor fixedly arranged on the soil sampling cylinder, the output end of the motor extends into the soil sampling cylinder and is coaxially connected with a lead screw, a sliding plate is connected in the soil sampling cylinder in a sliding manner, the lead screw penetrates through the sliding plate and is in threaded fit with the sliding plate, a connecting rod is fixedly connected on the sliding plate, the lower end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with a push plate, and the push plate is connected with the inner wall of the soil sampling cylinder in a sliding manner. According to the utility model, the material pushing mechanism is arranged, so that the soil sample in the soil sampling cylinder can be pushed out from the bottom opening of the soil sampling cylinder, time and labor are saved, the soil sample is convenient to collect, and the scraping mechanism is arranged, so that the soil sample attached to the push plate and the inner wall of the soil sampling cylinder can be scraped off simultaneously in the material pushing process.

Description

Soil compaction experiment device that fetches earth among building engineering
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of constructional engineering experimental tools, in particular to a soil sampling device for a soil compaction experiment in constructional engineering.
Background
In the building construction, for the design of the engineering of filling up, construction provide the basis, need hit real experiment to soil, at present, the apparatus of fetching earth commonly used is mostly the tubular structure, inserts the underground with the barrel during the fetching earth, and the inner chamber of barrel contains the soil sample after extracting.
After soil sampling device digs out ground with soil sample, need take out soil sample from the barrel and hit the real experiment, current method is the manpower and swings the barrel for soil sample drops, wastes time and energy, and the collection of the soil sample of being not convenient for easily glues and attaches soil on the barrel inner wall, not only causes the waste, needs artifical clearance moreover, and is comparatively troublesome.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the problems that the operation of taking out a soil sample is time-consuming and labor-consuming and requires manual cleaning, which is troublesome in the prior art, and provides a soil sampling device for a soil compaction experiment in building engineering, which is convenient for taking out the soil sample and does not need manual cleaning.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a soil compaction experiment device of fetching soil among building engineering, which comprises a bracket, be equipped with drive assembly on the support, drive assembly's output fixed mounting has a section of thick bamboo that fetches earth, the bottom opening setting of a section of thick bamboo that fetches earth, be equipped with pushing equipment in the section of thick bamboo that fetches earth, pushing equipment includes the motor of fixed mounting on a section of thick bamboo that fetches earth, the output of motor extends to in the section of thick bamboo that fetches earth and coaxial coupling has the lead screw, it has the slide to fetch earth sliding connection in the section of thick bamboo, the lead screw run through the slide and with slide screw-thread fit, fixedly connected with connecting rod on the slide, the lower extreme fixedly connected with push pedal of connecting rod, the inner wall sliding connection of push pedal and a section of thick bamboo that fetches earth, it scrapes material mechanism to be equipped with in the section of thick bamboo that fetches earth.
Preferably, handles are mounted on the side walls of the two sides of the bracket.
Preferably, the drive assembly comprises a hydraulic cylinder and a fixing frame, the hydraulic cylinder is installed at the top of the support, the fixing frame is fixedly connected to the soil sampling cylinder, and the output end of the hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the fixing frame.
Preferably, be equipped with two spouts on the inner wall of a soil sampling section of thick bamboo, the spout extends along the axis direction of a soil sampling section of thick bamboo, be fixed with two sliders on the lateral wall of slide, two slider sliding connection is in the spout respectively.
Preferably, scraping mechanism cup joints the sliding sleeve on the lead screw including sliding, the sliding sleeve runs through the push pedal and rotates with the push pedal to be connected, the lower extreme fixedly connected with brush board of sliding sleeve, the upper surface of brush board offsets with the bottom surface of push pedal and slides, the equal fixedly connected with scraper blade in both ends of brush board, the scraper blade offsets with the inner wall of a soil sampling section of thick bamboo and slides.
Preferably, the inner wall of the sliding sleeve is provided with a limiting strip, and the screw rod is provided with a groove matched with the limiting strip, so that the sliding sleeve can only slide along the axial direction of the screw rod.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following advantages:
1. according to the utility model, the material pushing mechanism is arranged, so that the soil sample in the soil taking cylinder can be pushed out from the bottom opening of the soil taking cylinder, manual swing for taking materials is not needed, time and labor are saved, the pushing speed of the soil sample is uniform and controllable, and the soil sample is convenient to collect.
2. According to the utility model, by arranging the scraping mechanism, in the process of pushing materials, soil samples attached to the push plate and the inner wall of the soil sampling cylinder can be scraped off at the same time and pushed out along with the push plate, so that the waste of soil is avoided, manual cleaning is not needed, and the labor intensity is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a soil sampling device for soil compaction experiments in construction engineering according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a soil sampling cylinder of the soil compaction experiment soil sampling device in the building engineering provided by the utility model;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a brush plate and a scraper of a push plate of a soil compaction experiment soil sampling device in the constructional engineering.
In the figure: the soil sampler comprises a support 1, a soil sampling cylinder 2, a material pushing mechanism 3, a motor 31, a screw 32, a sliding plate 33, a connecting rod 34, a push plate 35, a material scraping mechanism 4, a sliding sleeve 41, a brush plate 42, a scraping plate 43, a limiting strip 44, a handle 5, a hydraulic cylinder 6, a fixing frame 7, a sliding chute 8 and a sliding block 9.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, a soil compaction experiment soil sampling device in building engineering, includes support 1, is equipped with drive assembly on support 1, and drive assembly's output fixed mounting has a soil sampling section of thick bamboo 2, and drive assembly includes pneumatic cylinder 6 and mount 7, and pneumatic cylinder 6 installs at the top of support 1, and mount 7 fixed connection is on soil sampling section of thick bamboo 2, and the output and the mount 7 fixed connection of pneumatic cylinder 6.
Furthermore, the bottom of the soil sampling cylinder 2 is provided with an opening, the soil sampling cylinder 2 is internally provided with a pushing mechanism 3, the pushing mechanism 3 comprises a motor 31 fixedly arranged on the soil sampling cylinder 2, the output end of the motor 31 extends into the soil sampling cylinder 2 and is coaxially connected with a screw rod 32, the soil sampling cylinder 2 is internally and slidably connected with a sliding plate 33, it is noted that the inner wall of the soil sampling cylinder 2 is provided with two sliding chutes 8, the sliding chutes 8 extend along the axial direction of the soil sampling cylinder 2, the side wall of the sliding plate 33 is fixed with two sliding blocks 9, the two sliding blocks 9 are respectively and slidably connected in the sliding chutes 8 and are used for limiting the sliding plate 33, so that the sliding plate 33 can only slide along the axial direction of the soil sampling cylinder 2, the screw rod 32 penetrates through the sliding plate 33 and is in threaded fit with the sliding plate 33, the sliding plate 33 is fixedly connected with a connecting rod 34, the lower end of the connecting rod 34 is fixedly connected with a push plate 35, and the push plate 35 is slidably connected with the inner wall of the soil sampling cylinder 2, the lead screw 32 rotates and can drive the sliding plate 33 to slide, then the soil sample in the soil sampling cylinder 2 can be pushed out through the push plate 35, manual swing is not needed for taking materials, time and labor are saved, the pushing speed of the soil sample is controllable at a constant speed, and collection is facilitated.
Further, be equipped with scraper mechanism 4 in soil sampling section of thick bamboo 2, it should explain, scraper mechanism 4 cup joints the sliding sleeve 41 on the lead screw 32 including sliding, it should be noted that, be equipped with spacing 44 on the inner wall of sliding sleeve 41, be equipped with the recess that matches with spacing 44 on the lead screw 32, make sliding sleeve 41 only can follow lead screw 32 axis direction and slide, sliding sleeve 41 runs through push pedal 35 and is connected with push pedal 35 rotation, sliding sleeve 41's lower extreme fixedly connected with brush board 42, the upper surface of brush board 42 slides with the bottom surface counterbalance of push pedal 35, the equal fixedly connected with scraper blade 43 in both ends of brush board 42, scraper blade 43 slides with soil sampling section of thick bamboo 2's inner wall counterbalance, when brush board 42 and scraper blade 43 rotate, can scrape down the adnexed soil sample on push pedal 35 and soil sampling section of thick bamboo 2 inner wall respectively, avoid causing the waste of soil, and need not artifical clearance, and reduce intensity of labour.
Further, all install handle 5 on the lateral wall of support 1 both sides, at the in-process of fetching earth, operating personnel can hold both hands on two handle 5 to exert decurrent power to support 1, be used for guaranteeing support 1 stability at the during operation, ensure that the operation of fetching earth goes on smoothly, the control switch of pneumatic cylinder 6 and motor 31 sets up respectively on two handle 5, is convenient for carry out control operation to it.
The utility model can be illustrated by the following operating modes: place support 1 in soil sample department, operating personnel can hold both hands on two handles 5 to exert decurrent power to support 1, guarantee support 1 stability at the during operation, start hydraulic cylinder 6, promote soil sampling section of thick bamboo 2 and move down and insert soil, rise soil sampling section of thick bamboo 2 again, can collect the soil sample to soil sampling section of thick bamboo 2 in.
The motor 31 is started to drive the screw rod 32 to rotate, the sliding plate 33 is driven to move downwards because the sliding plate 33 cannot rotate, the sliding plate 33 drives the push plate 35 to move through the connecting rod 34, the soil sample in the soil sampling cylinder 2 is pushed out, manual throwing and material taking are not needed, time and labor are saved, the pushing-out speed of the soil sample is uniform and controllable, and collection is facilitated; when the lead screw 32 rotates, the sliding sleeve 41 is driven to rotate, then the brush plate 42 and the scraper 43 are driven to rotate, the brush plate 42 and the scraper 43 respectively scrape off the soil sample attached to the inner walls of the push plate 35 and the soil sampling cylinder 2, the waste of soil is avoided, manual cleaning is not needed, and the labor intensity is reduced.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and equivalent alternatives or modifications according to the technical solution of the present invention and the inventive concept thereof should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a soil compaction experiment device of fetching soil among building engineering, includes support (1), its characterized in that, be equipped with drive assembly on support (1), drive assembly's output fixed mounting has a section of thick bamboo (2) of fetching soil, the bottom opening setting of a section of thick bamboo (2) of fetching soil, be equipped with pushing equipment (3) in a section of thick bamboo (2) of fetching soil, pushing equipment (3) include motor (31) of fixed mounting on a section of thick bamboo (2) of fetching soil, the output of motor (31) extends to in a section of thick bamboo (2) of fetching soil and coaxial coupling has lead screw (32), sliding connection has slide (33) in a section of thick bamboo (2) of fetching soil, slide (33) run through slide (32) and with slide (33) screw-thread fit, fixedly connected with connecting rod (34) on slide (33), the lower extreme fixedly connected with push pedal (35) of connecting rod (34), the push plate (35) is connected with the inner wall of the soil sampling cylinder (2) in a sliding mode, and a scraping mechanism (4) is arranged in the soil sampling cylinder (2).
2. The soil sampling device for the soil compaction experiment in the constructional engineering as claimed in claim 1, wherein the side walls of both sides of the bracket (1) are provided with handles (5).
3. The soil sampling device for the soil compaction experiment in the constructional engineering is characterized in that the driving assembly comprises a hydraulic cylinder (6) and a fixing frame (7), the hydraulic cylinder (6) is installed at the top of the support (1), the fixing frame (7) is fixedly connected to the soil sampling cylinder (2), and the output end of the hydraulic cylinder (6) is fixedly connected with the fixing frame (7).
4. The soil sampling device for the soil compaction experiment in the constructional engineering as claimed in claim 1, wherein two sliding grooves (8) are formed in the inner wall of the soil sampling cylinder (2), the sliding grooves (8) extend along the axial direction of the soil sampling cylinder (2), two sliding blocks (9) are fixed on the side wall of the sliding plate (33), and the two sliding blocks (9) are respectively connected in the sliding grooves (8) in a sliding manner.
5. The soil sampling device for the soil compaction experiment in the building engineering is characterized in that the scraping mechanism (4) comprises a sliding sleeve (41) which is sleeved on the screw rod (32) in a sliding manner, the sliding sleeve (41) penetrates through the push plate (35) and is rotationally connected with the push plate (35), a brush plate (42) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the sliding sleeve (41), the upper surface of the brush plate (42) slides against the bottom surface of the push plate (35), scraping plates (43) are fixedly connected to both ends of the brush plate (42), and the scraping plates (43) slide against the inner wall of the soil sampling cylinder (2).
6. The soil sampling device for the soil compaction experiment in the constructional engineering as claimed in claim 5, wherein the inner wall of the sliding sleeve (41) is provided with a limit strip (44), and the screw rod (32) is provided with a groove matched with the limit strip (44), so that the sliding sleeve (41) can only slide along the axial direction of the screw rod (32).
CN202121562618.9U 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 Soil compaction experiment device that fetches earth among building engineering Active CN215414463U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121562618.9U CN215414463U (en) 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 Soil compaction experiment device that fetches earth among building engineering

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121562618.9U CN215414463U (en) 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 Soil compaction experiment device that fetches earth among building engineering

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114604160A (en) * 2022-04-01 2022-06-10 河南高速公路试验检测有限公司 Material taking engineering vehicle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114604160A (en) * 2022-04-01 2022-06-10 河南高速公路试验检测有限公司 Material taking engineering vehicle

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