CN215035259U - Cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling - Google Patents

Cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN215035259U
CN215035259U CN202120524434.7U CN202120524434U CN215035259U CN 215035259 U CN215035259 U CN 215035259U CN 202120524434 U CN202120524434 U CN 202120524434U CN 215035259 U CN215035259 U CN 215035259U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
cantilever
assembly
laser cutting
milling cutter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202120524434.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
施擎
张贝
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Weilian Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Weilian Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Weilian Intelligent Technology Co ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Weilian Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202120524434.7U priority Critical patent/CN215035259U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN215035259U publication Critical patent/CN215035259U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

The utility model discloses a collect laser cutting and milling machining cantilever lathe in an organic whole, including lathe body (1), lathe body (1) on be equipped with the three-dimensional motion subassembly, be equipped with combined machining subassembly (4) on the Z axle motion subassembly (3) of three-dimensional motion subassembly, this combined machining subassembly (4) include laser cutting head subassembly (41) and milling cutter subassembly (42), laser cutting head subassembly (41) and milling cutter subassembly (42) are all installed on compound frame (43) and compound frame (43) are installed on Z axle motion subassembly (3), laser cutting head (411) in milling cutter (426) among milling cutter subassembly (42) can be relative laser cutting head subassembly (41) are vertical reciprocates. The utility model discloses a cantilever lathe has effectively fused the advantage of laser cutting and milling cutter processing to improve machining precision, machining efficiency and the surface quality of work piece, realize quick, high-efficient, accurate processing to the work piece.

Description

Cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of laser and milling process technique and specifically relates to a collect laser cutting and milling process in cantilever lathe of an organic whole.
Background
With the development of light weight technology of products, the use amount of thin-wall products such as aluminum alloy sections, molded parts and the like in various industries is increasing, the secondary processing of the products is also more and more demanding, and at present, the secondary processing of the products is mainly realized by adopting a laser cutting or milling mode, wherein, the laser cutting has the advantages of high processing precision, high efficiency and the like, but has certain limitation on the processing of the characteristic structure of the product, for example, the laser can not process the reinforcing ribs, chamfers and other characteristics of the workpiece, and the surface quality of the processed fracture is poor, thereby influencing the applicability of the whole laser processing equipment, and the milling processing equipment can well finish the processing of the characteristic parts such as reinforcing ribs, chamfers and the like, meanwhile, better surface quality can be obtained by milling finish machining, but the milling machining efficiency is generally low, and the requirement of a modern production line on efficient production is difficult to meet.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at the problem that prior art exists, provide a collect laser cutting and milling machining in cantilever lathe of an organic whole, this cantilever lathe with the combination of laser cutting head and milling electric main shaft on same cantilever to improve machining precision, machining efficiency and the surface quality of work piece.
The utility model aims at solving through the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a collect laser cutting and milling machining in cantilever lathe of an organic whole, includes the lathe body, its characterized in that: the lathe body on be equipped with the three-dimensional motion subassembly, be equipped with the combined machining subassembly on the Z axle motion subassembly of three-dimensional motion subassembly, this combined machining subassembly includes laser cutting head subassembly and milling cutter subassembly, laser cutting head subassembly and milling cutter subassembly are all installed on compound frame and compound frame is installed on Z axle motion subassembly, the milling cutter among the milling cutter subassembly can be vertical reciprocating relatively the laser cutting head among the laser cutting head subassembly for the tool bit minimum of milling cutter can be higher than the minimum of laser cutting head or be less than the minimum of laser cutting head.
Milling cutter subassembly include L shape mounting panel, milling cutter cylinder and milling cutter, wherein the lateral surface of L shape mounting panel is fixed on compound frame, the milling cutter cylinder is installed on the horizontal top plate of L shape mounting panel and the telescopic link of milling cutter cylinder passes horizontal top plate downwards and connects milling cutter, under the effect of milling cutter cylinder, milling cutter can compound frame vertical reciprocating relatively.
The milling cutter assembly further comprises a linear guide rail, a milling cutter sliding block and a milling cutter mounting plate, the linear guide rail is arranged on the inner side face of the L-shaped mounting plate, the milling cutter sliding block which is embedded with the linear guide rail is fixedly provided with a milling cutter on the outer side face of the milling cutter mounting plate and the inner side face of the milling cutter mounting plate, and the top end of the milling cutter mounting plate is fixed at the lower end of a telescopic rod of a milling cutter cylinder.
The laser cutting head assembly comprises a laser cutting head and a cutting head mounting plate, the cutting head mounting plate is mounted on the composite machine base, and the laser cutting head is mounted on the cutting head mounting plate.
The compound frame adopt the T template, the laser cutting head subassembly is fixed in the diaphragm face outside of T template, the milling cutter subassembly is fixed on the diaphragm lateral wall of T template and another lateral wall of diaphragm of T template is installed on Z axle motion subassembly.
The three-dimensional motion assembly comprises an X-axis motion assembly, a Y-axis motion assembly and a Z-axis motion assembly, wherein the X-axis motion assembly is installed on the machine tool body, the Y-axis motion assembly is installed on the cantilever, the cantilever is in sliding connection with the X-axis motion assembly, the Z-axis motion assembly is in sliding connection with the Y-axis motion assembly, and the composite processing assembly is in sliding connection with the Z-axis motion assembly.
The X-axis motion assembly comprises an X-axis driving motor, a gear rack transmission assembly, an X-axis linear guide rail and an X-axis sliding block, wherein a rack in the gear rack transmission assembly is arranged on the machine tool body, the X-axis linear guide rail arranged on the machine tool body is arranged on one side or two sides of the rack, the X-axis driving motor is arranged on a cantilever bottom plate of the cantilever, a gear in the gear rack transmission assembly is arranged on a driving shaft of the X-axis driving motor, and the X-axis sliding block connected with the X-axis linear guide rail in an embedded mode is further arranged on the cantilever bottom plate.
The X-axis motion assembly further comprises an X-axis limiting device, the X-axis limiting device comprises an X-axis travel switch and an X-axis limiting block arranged corresponding to the X-axis travel switch, the X-axis travel switch is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of a cantilever bottom plate of the cantilever, and the cantilever bottom plate can drive the X-axis travel switch to move back and forth along the X-axis linear guide rail; the X-axis limiting block is fixedly arranged at the sides of two ends of the X-axis linear guide rail through the X-axis limiting block mounting seat and used for marking the original position and the limit position of the cantilever in operation along the X-axis linear guide rail.
The X-axis protective cover is arranged above the machine tool body and covers the X-axis linear guide rail in the X-axis movement assembly, and the fixed end of the X-axis protective cover is fixedly arranged on the outer sides of the two ends of the X-axis linear guide rail respectively, and the free end of the X-axis protective cover is connected with the two sides of the cantilever bottom plate of the cantilever respectively.
The cantilever include cantilever bottom plate and cantilever beam fixed mounting on the cantilever bottom plate, Y axle motion subassembly sets up the one side at the cantilever beam, Y axle motion subassembly includes Y axle driving motor, Y axle lead screw drive assembly, Y axle linear guide and Y axle slider, wherein the lead screw setting among Y axle driving motor and the Y axle lead screw drive assembly is on the cantilever beam and Y axle driving motor can drive the lead screw and rotate, the back of the Z axle mounting panel of Z axle motion subassembly and the back of Z axle mounting panel still are provided with the Y axle slider that links to each other with Y axle linear guide gomphosis in the nut of Y axle lead screw drive assembly, the Y axle linear guide that is on a parallel with the lead screw setting is located the cantilever beam of one side or both sides of lead screw.
The Y-axis motion assembly comprises a Y-axis limiting device, the Y-axis limiting device comprises a Y-axis travel switch and a Y-axis limiting block arranged corresponding to the Y-axis travel switch, the Y-axis travel switch is fixedly arranged on a Z-axis mounting plate in the Z-axis motion assembly, and the Z-axis motion assembly can drive the Y-axis travel switch to move back and forth along a Y-axis linear guide rail; the Y-axis limiting block is fixedly arranged at the sides of the two ends of the Y-axis linear guide rail through a Y-axis limiting block mounting seat and used for marking the original position and the limit position of the Z-axis moving assembly running along the Y-axis linear guide rail.
The cantilever beam is provided with a Y-axis protective cover of a Y-axis linear guide rail in the Y-axis motion assembly, and the fixed end of the Y-axis protective cover is respectively and fixedly arranged at the outer sides of the two ends of the Y-axis linear guide rail, and the free end of the Y-axis protective cover is respectively connected with the two sides of the Z-axis mounting plate.
Z axle motion subassembly include Z axle driving motor, Z axis nature module, Z axle mounting panel and keysets, Z axle mounting panel is installed on Y axle motion subassembly and on the Z axle mounting panel fixed mounting Z axis nature module, the top of Z axis nature module is equipped with Z axle driving motor and Z axle driving motor's drive shaft and the Z axle screw in the Z axis nature module and is connected, be equipped with Z axle nut and Z axle nut fixed mounting keysets on the Z axle screw, the compound frame of fixed mounting on the keysets, can make the vertical reciprocating of the relative Z axle mounting panel of compound frame under Z axle driving motor's effect.
One side of keysets is provided with the response piece, and fixed mounting has the U type photoelectric switch who uses with the cooperation of response piece on the frame in the linear module outside of Z axis, and response piece and U type photoelectric switch mutually support in order to confirm the operating position of Z axle nut.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following advantages:
the cantilever machine tool of the utility model combines the laser cutting head and the milling electric spindle on the same cantilever, effectively integrates the advantages of laser cutting and milling cutter processing, so as to improve the processing precision, processing efficiency and surface quality of the workpiece, and realize the fast, high-efficiency and accurate processing of the workpiece; meanwhile, the characteristic parts such as reinforcing ribs, chamfers and the like which are difficult to machine can be ensured to be accurately machined, and the application range of the equipment is remarkably improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an axonometric view of the cantilever machine tool of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the cantilever machine tool and an enlarged view of the X-axis stopper portion of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a cantilever axis diagram and a Y-axis stopper of the present invention;
fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a bottom view of the cantilever and the X-axis travel switch part of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the Z-axis moving assembly of the present invention, the sensing plate and the U-shaped photoelectric switch;
fig. 6 is a front view of the Z-axis motion assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a back perspective view of the Z-axis motion unit of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an isometric view of the composite tooling assembly of the present invention;
fig. 9 is an assembly axonometric view of the Z-axis motion module and the composite processing module of the present invention;
fig. 10 is an isometric view of a milling cutter assembly of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a left side view of the milling cutter assembly of the present invention.
Wherein: 1-machine tool body; 11-X axis drive motor; 12-a rack and pinion drive assembly; 13-X axis linear guide; 14-X axis slide; 15-X axis stop; 151-X axis travel switch; 152-X axis stop block; 153-X axis limit block mount; 16-X axis shield; 2-a cantilever; 21-cantilever base plate; 22-cantilever beam; 23-Y axis drive motor; 24-Y-axis lead screw drive components; 25-Y axis linear guide; 26-Y axis slide; 27-Y axis stop; 271-Y-axis travel switch; 272-Y axis stop block; 273-Y axis limiting block mounting base; 28-Y axis shield; 3-Z axis motion assembly; 31-Z axis drive motor; a 32-Z axis linear module; 321-Z-axis nut; 322-Z axis lead screw; 33-Z axis mounting plate; 34-an adapter plate; 341-induction sheet; 342-U type photoelectric switch; 342 a-upper U-shaped photoelectric switch; 342 b-middle U-shaped photoelectric switch; 342 c-lower U-shaped photoelectric switch; 4, composite processing of the components; 41-laser cutting assembly; 411-laser cutting head; 412-a cutting head mounting plate; 42-a milling cutter assembly; 421-L-shaped mounting plate; 422-linear guide rail; 423-milling cutter slide block; 424-milling cutter cylinder; 425-milling cutter mounting plate; 426-milling cutter; 43-Compound stand.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in fig. 1-11: a cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling machining comprises a machine tool body 1, wherein a three-dimensional motion assembly is arranged on the machine tool body 1, a composite machining assembly 4 is arranged on a Z-axis motion assembly 3 of the three-dimensional motion assembly, the composite machining assembly 4 comprises a laser cutting head assembly 41 and a milling cutter assembly 42, the laser cutting head assembly 41 and the milling cutter assembly 42 are both arranged on a composite base 43, the composite base 43 is arranged on the Z-axis motion assembly 3, a milling cutter 426 in the milling cutter assembly 42 can vertically move up and down relative to a laser cutting head 411 in the laser cutting head assembly 41, and the lowest point of the cutting head of the milling cutter 426 can be higher than the lowest point of the laser cutting head 411 or lower than the lowest point of the laser cutting head 411; during the use, the combined machining subassembly 4 carries out three-dimensional processing to the work piece under the drive of three-dimensional motion subassembly, and wherein laser cutting subassembly 41 can get rid of a large amount of processing clouts fast, and milling cutter subassembly 42 mills the finish machining to the work piece again after that, forms the advantage combination of laser high efficiency cutting and the accurate processing of milling from this, realizes the accurate high efficiency processing to the work piece.
As shown in fig. 1-2: the three-dimensional motion assembly comprises an X-axis motion assembly, a Y-axis motion assembly and a Z-axis motion assembly, wherein the X-axis motion assembly is installed on the machine tool body 1, the Y-axis motion assembly is installed on the cantilever 2, the cantilever 2 is connected with the X-axis motion assembly in a sliding mode, the Z-axis motion assembly 3 is connected with the Y-axis motion assembly in a sliding mode, and the composite processing assembly 4 is connected with the Z-axis motion assembly 3 in a sliding mode.
As shown in fig. 1-4: the X-axis motion assembly is arranged on the upper surface of the machine tool body 1 and comprises an X-axis driving motor 11, a gear rack transmission assembly 12, an X-axis linear guide rail 13, an X-axis sliding block 14, an X-axis limiting device 15 and an X-axis protective cover 16. Wherein, the rack in the gear rack transmission component 12 is arranged on the machine tool body 1, the X-axis linear guide rail 13 positioned on the machine tool body 1 is arranged on one side or two sides of the rack, the X-axis driving motor 11 is arranged on the cantilever bottom plate 21 of the cantilever 2, the gear in the gear rack transmission component 12 is arranged on the driving shaft of the X-axis driving motor 11, and the X-axis sliding block 14 connected with the X-axis linear guide rail 13 in an embedded way is also arranged on the cantilever bottom plate 21. The X-axis limiting device 15 comprises an X-axis travel switch 151 and an X-axis limiting block 152 arranged correspondingly to the X-axis travel switch 151, the X-axis travel switch 151 is fixedly installed on the bottom surface of the cantilever bottom plate 21, and the cantilever bottom plate 21 can drive the X-axis travel switch 151 to move back and forth along the X-axis linear guide rail 13; two X-axis limiting blocks 152 are fixedly arranged at the sides of two ends of the X-axis linear guide rail 13 through an X-axis limiting block mounting seat 153 and used for marking the original position and the limit position of the cantilever 2 running along the X-axis linear guide rail 13; the output end of the X-axis travel switch 151 is connected with the programmable controller, when the cantilever 2 drives the X-axis travel switch 151 to move to the original point position or the limit position where the X-axis limit block 152 is located, the contact on the X-axis travel switch 151 touches the X-axis limit block 152, and the X-axis travel switch 151 sends a position confirmation signal to the programmable controller immediately to confirm that the cantilever 2 has moved to the original point position or the limit position.
As shown in fig. 1-2: in order to protect the machine tool, an X-axis protective cover 16 is arranged on the upper surface of the machine tool body 1 and is used for covering the area where the X-axis linear guide rail 13 is located and preventing dust or other foreign matters from entering the area where the X-axis linear guide rail 13 is located and affecting the stable operation of the cantilever 2 on the X-axis linear guide rail 13; the X-axis shield 16 is a foldable telescopic shield, the width of the X-axis shield 16 is unchanged, the length of the X-axis shield can be extended or contracted along with the length change of the shielding distance, one end of the X-axis shield 16 is a fixed end, and the other end of the X-axis shield is a free end. The two X-axis protective covers 16 are respectively arranged above the X-axis linear guide rails 13 on the two sides of the cantilever base plate 21 and can completely cover the area where the X-axis linear guide rails 13 are located, the fixed ends of the two X-axis protective covers 16 are respectively and fixedly arranged on the outer sides of the two ends of the X-axis linear guide rails 13, the free ends of the two X-axis protective covers are respectively connected with the two sides of the cantilever base plate 21, when the cantilever base plate 21 moves back and forth on the X-axis linear guide rails 13, the X-axis protective covers 16 on the two sides can extend or contract along with the position change of the cantilever base plate 21, and in the process that the position of the cantilever 2 on the X-axis linear guide rails 13 is constantly changed, the X-axis linear guide rails 13 are always located below the X-axis protective covers 16 and are protected by the X-axis protective covers 16.
As shown in fig. 1-5 and 7, the cantilever 2 includes a cantilever base plate 21 and a cantilever beam 22, the cantilever beam 22 is fixedly mounted on the cantilever base plate 21, the Y-axis motion assembly is disposed on one side of the cantilever beam 22, and the Y-axis motion assembly includes a Y-axis driving motor 23, a Y-axis lead screw transmission assembly 24, a Y-axis linear guide 25, a Y-axis slider 26, a Y-axis limiting device 27 and a Y-axis protective cover 28. The Y-axis driving motor 23 and a lead screw in the Y-axis lead screw transmission assembly 24 are arranged on the cantilever beam 22, the Y-axis driving motor 23 can drive the lead screw to rotate, a nut in the Y-axis lead screw transmission assembly 24 is fixed on the back of a Z-axis mounting plate 33 of the Z-axis movement assembly 3, a Y-axis sliding block 26 connected with the Y-axis linear guide rail 25 in an embedded mode is further arranged on the back of the Z-axis mounting plate 33, and the Y-axis linear guide rail 25 arranged in parallel to the lead screw is located on the cantilever beam 22 on one side or two sides of the lead screw. The Y-axis limiting device 27 comprises a Y-axis travel switch 271 and a Y-axis limiting block 272 arranged correspondingly to the Y-axis travel switch 271, the Y-axis travel switch 271 is fixedly arranged on a Z-axis mounting plate 33 in the Z-axis moving assembly 3, and the Z-axis moving assembly 3 can drive the Y-axis travel switch 271 to move back and forth along the Y-axis linear guide rail 25; two Y-axis limiting blocks 272 are fixedly arranged at the sides of two ends of the Y-axis linear guide rail 25 through Y-axis limiting block mounting seats 273 and used for marking the original position and the extreme position of the Z-axis motion component 3 along the operation of the Y-axis linear guide rail 25; the output end of the Y-axis travel switch 271 is connected with the programmable controller, when the Z-axis moving component 3 drives the Y-axis travel switch 271 to move to the original point position or the limit position where the Y-axis limit block 272 is located, the contact on the Y-axis travel switch 271 touches the Y-axis limit block 272, and the Y-axis travel switch 271 sends a position confirmation signal to the programmable controller immediately to confirm that the Z-axis moving component 3 has moved to the original point position or the limit position.
As shown in fig. 3: the Y-axis shield 28 is disposed on one side of the cantilever beam 22, and is used to cover the area where the Y-axis linear guide 25 is located, so as to prevent dust or other foreign matters from entering the area where the Y-axis linear guide 25 is located, and affecting the stable operation of the Z-axis moving assembly 3 on the Y-axis linear guide 25. The Y-axis protective cover 28 is a folding telescopic protective cover, the width of the Y-axis protective cover 28 is unchanged, the length can be extended or contracted along with the length change of the protection distance, one end of the Y-axis protective cover 28 is a fixed end, and the other end of the Y-axis protective cover 28 is a free end; the two Y-axis protective covers 28 are respectively arranged above the Y-axis linear guide rails 25 on the two sides of the Z-axis mounting plate 33 and can completely cover the areas where the Y-axis linear guide rails 25 are located, the fixed ends of the two Y-axis protective covers 28 are respectively and fixedly arranged on the outer sides of the two ends of the Y-axis linear guide rails 25, the free ends of the two Y-axis protective covers are respectively connected with the two sides of the Z-axis mounting plate 33, when the Z-axis mounting plate 33 moves back and forth on the Y-axis linear guide rails 25, the Y-axis protective covers 28 on the two sides can extend or contract along with the position change of the Z-axis mounting plate 33, and the Y-axis linear guide rails 25 are always located on the inner sides of the Y-axis protective covers 28 and protected by the Y-axis protective covers 28 in the process that the position of the Z-axis mounting plate 33 continuously changes on the Y-axis linear guide rails 25.
As shown in fig. 1, 5-7: the Z-axis motion assembly 3 includes a Z-axis drive motor 31, a Z-axis linear module 32, a Z-axis mounting plate 33, and an adapter plate 34. The Y-axis slide block 26 at the back of the Z-axis mounting plate 33 is connected with the Y-axis linear guide rail 25 in a sliding mode, the nut in the Y-axis lead screw transmission component 24 at the back of the Z-axis mounting plate 33 is connected with the lead screw in the Y-axis lead screw transmission component 24 on the cantilever beam 22 in a threaded mode, and the Y-axis driving motor 23 drives the Z-axis movement component 3 to move back and forth along the Y-axis linear guide rail 25 through the Y-axis lead screw transmission component 24. The Z-axis linear module 32 is fixedly arranged on the Z-axis mounting plate 33, a Z-axis driving motor 31 is arranged above the Z-axis linear module 32, the Z-axis driving motor 31 can drive a Z-axis nut 321 to move back and forth on the Z-axis screw 322 through the Z-axis screw 322 of the Z-axis linear module 32, an adapter plate 34 is fixedly arranged on the Z-axis nut 321, a composite base 43 is arranged on the adapter plate 34, a sensing piece 341 is arranged on one side of the adapter plate 34, three U-shaped photoelectric switches 342 arranged corresponding to the sensing piece 341 are fixedly arranged on a frame on the outer side of the Z-axis linear module 32, the three U-shaped photoelectric switches 342 are arranged on the same straight line, and the straight line is parallel to the side edge of the Z-axis linear module 32; in order to enhance the stability, a slide rail matched with a slide block arranged at the bottom of the adapter plate 34 can be arranged on one side or two sides of the Z-axis lead screw 322.
As shown in fig. 5 to 6, three U-shaped photoelectric switches 342 are used in cooperation with the sensing strip 341 to identify the operation position of the Z-axis nut 321 in the Z-axis linear module 32, and the specific identification process is as follows: the output end of the U-shaped photoelectric switch 342 is connected to the programmable controller, and the Z-axis nut 321 drives the sensing piece 341 to move back and forth along the Z-axis lead screw 322 of the Z-axis linear module 32 through the adapter plate 34. When the sensing piece 341 moves to the upper U-shaped photoelectric switch 342a, the upper U-shaped photoelectric switch 342a sends a position confirmation signal to the programmable controller to confirm that the Z-axis nut 321 has moved to the limit position of the upper end of the Z-axis linear module 32; when the sensing piece 341 moves to the middle U-shaped photoelectric switch 342b, the middle U-shaped photoelectric switch 342b sends a position confirmation signal to the programmable controller to confirm that the Z-axis nut 321 has moved to the original position; when the sensing piece 341 moves to the lower U-shaped photoelectric switch 342c, the lower U-shaped photoelectric switch 342c sends a position confirmation signal to the programmable controller to confirm that the Z-axis nut 321 has moved to the limit position of the lower end of the Z-axis linear module 32. Therefore, the limit position and the origin position of the operation of the Z-axis nut 321 of the Z-axis linear module 32 can be accurately identified by using the three U-shaped photoelectric switches 342 and the induction sheet 341 in a matched manner, so that the safety and the accuracy of the operation of the Z-axis linear module 32 are ensured.
As shown in fig. 1 and 8-11, the composite processing assembly 4 includes a laser cutting assembly 41 and a milling cutter assembly 42, the laser cutting assembly 41 and the milling cutter assembly 42 are assembled together by a composite base 43, the composite base 43 is further connected with a Z-axis nut 321 of the Z-axis linear module 32 by an adapter plate 34, so as to realize the sliding connection between the composite processing assembly 4 and the Z-axis moving assembly 3, and the Z-axis driving motor 31 drives the composite processing assembly 4 to reciprocate along a Z-axis lead screw 322 of the Z-axis linear module 32 through the Z-axis linear module 32. The composite processing assembly 4 is sequentially connected with the Z-axis moving assembly, the Y-axis moving assembly and the X-axis moving assembly in a sliding manner to form a set of three-axis linkage operation system, namely, the X-axis moving assembly, the Y-axis moving assembly and the Z-axis moving assembly are used for carrying out linear motion in the directions of the X axis, the Y axis and the Z axis on the composite processing assembly 4 respectively, so that the composite processing assembly 4 can carry out three-dimensional combined processing on a workpiece in a space limited by the movement strokes of the X axis, the Y axis and the Z axis under the combined driving of the X-axis moving assembly, the Y-axis moving assembly and the Z-axis moving assembly.
As shown in fig. 8-9, the laser cutting assembly 41 includes a laser cutting head 411 and a cutting head mounting plate 412, the laser cutting head 411 is fixedly connected to the cutting head mounting plate 412, the cutting head mounting plate 412 is connected to the adapter plate 34 of the Z-axis moving assembly 3 through the composite machine base 43, so that the connection between the laser cutting head 411 and the Z-axis moving assembly 3 is realized, and the Z-axis moving assembly 3 drives the laser cutting head 411 to operate sequentially through the adapter plate 34, the composite machine base 43 and the cutting head mounting plate 412.
As shown in fig. 8 to 11, the milling cutter assembly 42 is connected to the adapter plate 34 of the Z-axis moving assembly 3 sequentially through the L-shaped mounting plate 421 and the composite machine base 43, so that the milling cutter assembly 42 is connected to the Z-axis moving assembly 3, and the Z-axis moving assembly 3 drives the milling cutter assembly 42 to operate through the adapter plate 34 and the composite machine base 43. Specifically, the milling cutter assembly 42 includes an L-shaped mounting plate 421, a linear guide 422, a milling cutter slider 423, a milling cutter cylinder 424, a milling cutter mounting plate 425, and a milling cutter 426, wherein an outer side surface of the L-shaped mounting plate 421 is fixed to the composite base 43, the linear guide 422 is provided on an inner side surface of the L-shaped mounting plate 421, the linear guide 422 is disposed in parallel with the Z-axis screw 322 in the Z-axis linear module 32, the milling cutter slider 423 fitted to the linear guide 422 is fixed to an outer side surface of the milling cutter mounting plate 425, the milling cutter 426 is fixedly provided on an inner side surface of the milling cutter mounting plate 425, the milling cutter cylinder 424 is mounted on a horizontal top plate of the L-shaped mounting plate 421, an expansion rod of the milling cutter cylinder 424 penetrates the horizontal top plate downward to connect the milling cutter mounting plate 425, and the milling cutter 35 can vertically move up and down relative to the composite base 43 by the milling cutter cylinder 424.
The utility model provides an among the cantilever lathe, Z axle nut 321 of Z axis nature module 32 loops through adapter plate 34, compound frame 43 and L shape mounting panel 421 and connects, drives the whole Z axle nut 321 synchronous operation with Z axis nature module 32 of milling cutter subassembly 42, and milling cutter 426 also can be in milling cutter cylinder 424's drive down along linear guide 422 alone operation in the milling cutter subassembly 42 simultaneously.
In practical use, the laser cutting assembly 41 and the milling cutter assembly 42 operate cooperatively as follows:
(1) once adjusting the position of the milling cutter: the milling cutter 426 is controlled by the milling cutter cylinder 424 to move to the highest position along the linear guide rail 422, so that the lowest point of the milling cutter 426 is higher than the lowest point of the laser cutting head 411, and the height difference is not less than the height of the workpiece to be cut in the vertical direction, and possible interference between the milling cutter 426 and the workpiece in the laser cutting process is avoided;
(2) laser cutting: starting a laser, performing rapid laser cutting on a workpiece through a laser cutting head 411, removing a large amount of excess materials, reducing the workload of next milling, avoiding the characteristics of reinforcing ribs, chamfers and the like which are difficult to process by laser during laser cutting, and simultaneously reserving a certain process allowance for a processing surface, wherein the reserved size is determined according to the characteristics of a product and the processing requirement; in the machining process, the X-axis motion assembly, the Y-axis motion assembly and the Z-axis motion assembly jointly drive the laser cutting head to perform three-dimensional laser cutting on the workpiece;
(3) adjusting the position of the milling cutter for the second time: the milling cutter 426 is controlled by the milling cutter cylinder 424 to move to the lowest position along the linear guide rail 422, so that the lowest point of the milling cutter 426 is lower than the lowest point of the laser cutting head 411, and the height difference is not less than the height of the workpiece to be cut in the vertical direction, thereby avoiding the interference which can occur between the laser cutting head 411 and the workpiece in the processing process of the milling cutter 426;
(4) finish machining by using a milling cutter: and (3) starting the milling cutter 426, finely processing the process allowance reserved for laser cutting in the step (2) through the milling cutter 426, simultaneously processing the characteristic parts which are difficult to process by laser, such as reinforcing ribs, chamfers and the like, and jointly driving the milling cutter 426 to perform three-dimensional milling processing on the workpiece by the X-axis motion assembly, the Y-axis motion assembly and the Z-axis motion assembly in the processing process.
The cantilever machine tool of the utility model combines the laser cutting head and the milling electric spindle on the same cantilever, effectively integrates the advantages of laser cutting and milling cutter processing, so as to improve the processing precision, processing efficiency and surface quality of the workpiece, and realize the fast, high-efficiency and accurate processing of the workpiece; meanwhile, the characteristic parts such as reinforcing ribs, chamfers and the like which are difficult to machine can be ensured to be accurately machined, and the application range of the equipment is remarkably improved.
The above embodiments are only for explaining the technical idea of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention cannot be limited thereby, and any modification made on the basis of the technical scheme according to the technical idea provided by the present invention all fall within the protection scope of the present invention; the technology not related to the utility model can be realized by the prior art.

Claims (14)

1. The utility model provides a collect laser cutting and milling machining in cantilever lathe of an organic whole, includes lathe body (1), its characterized in that: the machine tool body (1) is provided with a three-dimensional moving assembly, the Z-axis moving assembly (3) of the three-dimensional moving assembly is provided with a composite processing assembly (4), the composite processing assembly (4) comprises a laser cutting head assembly (41) and a milling cutter assembly (42), the laser cutting head assembly (41) and the milling cutter assembly (42) are both installed on a composite base (43), the composite base (43) is installed on the Z-axis moving assembly (3), a milling cutter (426) in the milling cutter assembly (42) can vertically move up and down relative to a laser cutting head (411) in the laser cutting head assembly (41), and the lowest point of a cutter head of the milling cutter (426) can be higher than the lowest point of the laser cutting head (411) or lower than the lowest point of the laser cutting head (411).
2. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 1, wherein: milling cutter subassembly (42) including L shape mounting panel (421), milling cutter cylinder (424) and milling cutter (426), wherein the lateral surface of L shape mounting panel (421) is fixed on compound frame (43), milling cutter cylinder (424) are installed on the horizontal top plate of L shape mounting panel (421) and the telescopic link of milling cutter cylinder (424) passes horizontal top plate downwards and is connected milling cutter (426), under the effect of milling cutter cylinder (424), milling cutter (426) can be relatively compound frame (43) vertical up-and-down move.
3. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the milling cutter assembly (42) further comprises a linear guide rail (422), a milling cutter sliding block (423) and a milling cutter mounting plate (425), the linear guide rail (422) is arranged on the inner side face of the L-shaped mounting plate (421), the milling cutter sliding block (423) which is embedded with the linear guide rail (422) is fixed on the outer side face of the milling cutter mounting plate (425) and the inner side face of the milling cutter mounting plate (425) to be fixedly provided with a milling cutter (426), and the top end of the milling cutter mounting plate (425) is fixed at the lower end of an expansion rod of a milling cutter cylinder (424).
4. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the laser cutting head assembly (41) comprises a laser cutting head (411) and a cutting head mounting plate (412), wherein the cutting head mounting plate (412) is mounted on the composite machine base (43), and the laser cutting head (411) is mounted on the cutting head mounting plate (412).
5. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in any one of claims 1-4, wherein: the composite machine base (43) adopts a T-shaped plate, a laser cutting head assembly (41) is fixed on the outer side of the surface of a transverse plate of the T-shaped plate, a milling cutter assembly (42) is fixed on the side wall of the transverse plate of the T-shaped plate, and the other side wall of the transverse plate of the T-shaped plate is installed on a Z-axis moving assembly (3).
6. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the three-dimensional motion assembly comprises an X-axis motion assembly, a Y-axis motion assembly and a Z-axis motion assembly, wherein the X-axis motion assembly is installed on the machine tool body (1), the Y-axis motion assembly is installed on the cantilever (2), the cantilever (2) is in sliding connection with the X-axis motion assembly, the Z-axis motion assembly (3) is in sliding connection with the Y-axis motion assembly, and the composite processing assembly (4) is in sliding connection with the Z-axis motion assembly (3).
7. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the X-axis motion assembly comprises an X-axis driving motor (11), a gear rack transmission assembly (12), an X-axis linear guide rail (13) and an X-axis sliding block (14), wherein a rack in the gear rack transmission assembly (12) is arranged on the machine tool body (1), the X-axis linear guide rail (13) located on the machine tool body (1) is arranged on one side or two sides of the rack, the X-axis driving motor (11) is arranged on a cantilever bottom plate (21) of a cantilever (2) and a gear in the gear rack transmission assembly (12) is arranged on a driving shaft of the X-axis driving motor (11), and the X-axis sliding block (14) connected with the X-axis linear guide rail (13) in an embedded mode is further arranged on the cantilever bottom plate (21).
8. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 6 or 7, wherein: the X-axis motion assembly further comprises an X-axis limiting device (15), the X-axis limiting device (15) comprises an X-axis travel switch (151) and an X-axis limiting block (152) arranged corresponding to the X-axis travel switch, the X-axis travel switch (151) is fixedly installed on the bottom surface of a cantilever bottom plate (21) of the cantilever (2), and the cantilever bottom plate (21) can drive the X-axis travel switch (151) to move back and forth along an X-axis linear guide rail (13); the X-axis limiting block (152) is fixedly arranged at the sides of two ends of the X-axis linear guide rail (13) through an X-axis limiting block mounting seat (153) and is used for marking the original position and the limit position of the cantilever (2) running along the X-axis linear guide rail (13).
9. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 6 or 7, wherein: the X-axis protection cover (16) covering an X-axis linear guide rail (13) in the X-axis motion assembly is arranged above the machine tool body (1), and the fixed end of the X-axis protection cover (16) is fixedly installed on the outer sides of two ends of the X-axis linear guide rail (13) respectively, and the free end of the X-axis protection cover is connected with two sides of a cantilever bottom plate (21) of the cantilever (2) respectively.
10. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the cantilever (2) comprises a cantilever bottom plate (21) and a cantilever beam (22), the cantilever beam (22) is fixedly arranged on the cantilever bottom plate (21), the Y-axis motion assembly is arranged on one side of the cantilever beam (22), the Y-axis motion assembly comprises a Y-axis drive motor (23), a Y-axis lead screw transmission assembly (24), a Y-axis linear guide rail (25) and a Y-axis sliding block (26), the Y-axis linear guide rail (25) is parallel to the screw rod, and the Y-axis linear guide rail (25) is arranged on one side or two sides of the screw rod (22).
11. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 10, wherein: the Y-axis motion assembly comprises a Y-axis limiting device (27), the Y-axis limiting device (27) comprises a Y-axis travel switch (271) and a Y-axis limiting block (272) arranged corresponding to the Y-axis travel switch, the Y-axis travel switch (271) is fixedly arranged on a Z-axis mounting plate (33) in the Z-axis motion assembly (3), and the Z-axis motion assembly (3) can drive the Y-axis travel switch (271) to move back and forth along a Y-axis linear guide rail (25); the Y-axis limiting block (272) is fixedly arranged at the sides of the two ends of the Y-axis linear guide rail (25) through a Y-axis limiting block mounting seat (273) and is used for marking the original position and the extreme position of the Z-axis motion assembly (3) running along the Y-axis linear guide rail (25).
12. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 10, wherein: the cantilever beam (22) on be equipped with Y axle protection casing (28) of Y axle linear guide (25) among the Y axle motion subassembly, the stiff end of Y axle protection casing (28) fixed mounting respectively in the outside at Y axle linear guide (25) both ends, the free end is connected with the both sides of Z axle mounting panel (33) respectively.
13. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 6, wherein: z axle moving part (3) include Z axle driving motor (31), Z axis nature module (32), Z axle mounting panel (33) and keysets (34), Z axle mounting panel (33) are installed on Y axle moving part and Z axle mounting panel (33) go up fixed mounting Z axis nature module (32), the top of Z axis nature module (32) is equipped with Z axle driving motor (31) and Z axle driving motor's (31) drive shaft and Z axle lead screw (322) in Z axis nature module (32) are connected, be equipped with Z axle nut (321) and Z axle nut (321) fixed mounting keysets (34) on Z axle lead screw (322), compound frame (43) of fixed mounting on keysets (34), can make compound frame (43) vertically reciprocate relative Z axle mounting panel (33) under the effect of Z axle driving motor (31).
14. The cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling as claimed in claim 13, wherein: an induction sheet (341) is arranged on one side of the adapter plate (34), a U-shaped photoelectric switch (342) matched with the induction sheet (341) is fixedly installed on a frame on the outer side of the Z-axis linear module (32), and the induction sheet (341) and the U-shaped photoelectric switch (342) are matched with each other to confirm the running position of the Z-axis nut (321).
CN202120524434.7U 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 Cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling Active CN215035259U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120524434.7U CN215035259U (en) 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 Cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120524434.7U CN215035259U (en) 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 Cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215035259U true CN215035259U (en) 2021-12-07

Family

ID=79260751

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120524434.7U Active CN215035259U (en) 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 Cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215035259U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114310405A (en) * 2022-01-14 2022-04-12 常州帕而勒精密机械有限公司 Profiled bar milling and sawing equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114310405A (en) * 2022-01-14 2022-04-12 常州帕而勒精密机械有限公司 Profiled bar milling and sawing equipment

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202715863U (en) General double-Y-axis numerically-controlled planer type milling machine
CN205341979U (en) Two -sided horizontal machine tool
CN101559575A (en) Numerically controlled multi-functional surface grinding machine
CN201350590Y (en) Numerical control multifunctional surface grinding machine
CN215035259U (en) Cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling
CN1559754A (en) Laser processing center for machining mould
CN215035258U (en) Double-cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling
CN112846807A (en) Cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling
CN1093457C (en) Two parallel-rods virtual shaft multifunctional machine tool
CN111761360A (en) Large gantry vertical type numerical control boring and milling machine tool
CN112809386A (en) Combined machining device integrating laser cutting and milling
CN2494723Y (en) Cutting machine tool for cutting electrospark wire with large taper
CN112846808A (en) Double-cantilever machine tool integrating laser cutting and milling
CN215091994U (en) High-speed precise vertical numerical control turning and milling center
CN113020910A (en) Control method of cantilever machine tool for mounting laser cutting head and milling electric spindle
CN212634960U (en) Drilling and tapping center with movable spindle box
CN113427310A (en) Gantry type milling machine with dustproof function
CN203792076U (en) Gantry main shaft mounting mechanism
CN209424967U (en) A kind of independent power head assembly
CN216991450U (en) Water cutting device of glass numerical control machining center
CN215035226U (en) Combined machining device integrating laser cutting and milling
CN110722197A (en) Ultra-precise three-axis milling machine
CN216991309U (en) Processing device of glass numerical control processing center
CN216858876U (en) Gantry type automatic drilling and milling machine
CN219379947U (en) Multi-axis numerical control machining center with shock insulation function

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant