本实用新型涉及一种由刷体、传动装置、电机及电源等部件构制成的用于刷除牙齿污垢的电动式牙齿清洁器。 The present invention relates to a brush body, a transmission, a motor and other components constructed to supply an electric tooth cleaning device for brushing the teeth soils.
人类的牙病发病率很高，其主要原因是牙齿卫生不好而造成的，因此做好牙齿卫生保健工作十分重要。 High incidence of human dental problems, mainly due to poor dental hygiene caused by, so do the dental health care is very important. 刷牙是牙齿保健的主要方法之一，因此刷牙方法和刷牙工具对保持牙齿健康是非常重要的。 Brushing is one of the main methods of dental care, so brushing method and brushing tools for maintaining dental health is very important. 目前，牙刷的种类主要有条板式和滚动式结构两种，其刷牙方式也受其限制而只有推拉式和摆动式，且都采用手工操作，因而使刷牙的范围和效果受到限制，尤其是手工刷牙时刷体在口腔内水平运动，不利于全面的保护牙齿，也不能有效地清除牙缝中的牙垢，而且手工刷牙，单位时间内的刷动次数一般只能达到60～80次／分，力量也不均匀，不能全面清除牙垢；更重要的是对牙齿内面的牙垢，手工刷牙就更是无能为力了，有时能造成牙龈损伤，给刷牙者尤其是初刷牙者造成逆反心理，使刷牙活动变的被动。 At present, the main types of the toothbrush and rolling slatted structure of the two, which also brushing limited thereto but only push-pull and swing type, and manual operation are used, and thus the scope of the brushing effect is limited, especially in hand horizontal movement during brushing the brush body in the mouth, full protection against the teeth, can not effectively remove plaque between teeth, and hand brushing, brushing times per unit time is generally only 60 to 80 beats / min, power is not uniform, can not fully remove tartar; more important is the plaque on the inner surface of the tooth, hand brushing even more powerless, and sometimes can cause gum damage, resulting in reverse psychology to brush your teeth, especially those who brush their teeth early, make brushing activity change passive. 总之，现有的刷牙工具和方法由于采用手工牙刷，操作不方便而存在着使用效果差，刷动次数少，劳动强度大，不利于全面清除牙齿各个方位的污垢，保健效果小等缺点。 In short, the existing tools and methods of brushing by hand because the toothbrush, the operation is not convenient to use and there are poor, brushing the number of small, labor-intensive, is not conducive to fully remove dirt in all directions teeth, small health effects and other shortcomings.
本实用新型的发明目的在于克服现有刷牙技术存在的缺点，设制一种以电力为动力的电动式牙齿清洁器，该清洁器能在口腔中做水平运动和振动，全方位清除牙齿各个方面的污垢，不仅能减轻刷牙者的劳动强度，克服初刷牙者的逆反心理，更好地提高刷牙效果。 The object of the present invention present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior brushing art, a kind of electric power based system powered electric tooth cleaning device, the cleaning device capable of horizontal motion and vibration in the oral cavity, various aspects of the tooth-round clear dirt, not only can reduce labor intensity brushing who, overcome reverse psychology's early brush your teeth, brush your teeth to better enhance the effect.
为了实现上述发明目的，本实用新型由刷体、传动装置、电机及电源等部件构制而成的电动式结构。 In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is a brush body, a transmission, a motor and a power supply and other components constructed from an electric structure. 采用常规工艺制成的刷体四周制有刷毛，刷体一端制有刷体盖，另一端通过主轴及齿轮之间的啮合与电机转轴联动，并由电机带动刷体运动，电机装配在手把外壳内的一端，另一端制有电池盒，可以安放二节电池，也可以采用交流稳压电源替代，手把外壳上一侧制有电源开关，以控制电机与电源的电连通。 The brush body made four weeks produced using conventional processes bristles, brush body is formed with an end cap of the brush body, the other end is engaged with the motor shaft and the gear linkage between the main shaft, driven by a motor brush body movement, the motor in the handle assembly end of the inner housing, and the other end formed with the battery box, can be placed two batteries, AC power supply may be used Alternatively, the handle side of the housing is formed with a power switch for controlling the electric motor and the power supply communication. 刷体采用与主轴套嵌结构连接为一体，以便于更换刷体达到一刷共用的目的。 The brush body is integrally connected to the spindle using nested structure, so as to replace the brush body to achieve a common object of the brush.
本实用新型与现有刷牙器具相比具有结构新颖，使用轻便，节省时间，效率高，效果好等优点。 The model is compared with the existing instruments brushing novel structure, the use of light, time-saving, high efficiency, good effect and so on. 由于刷体与牙齿之间既有水平运动又有振动能全方位清除齿面各部位的污垢，并起到按摩保健作用，适用于老幼病残尤其是初刷牙者使用。 Because both the horizontal movement between the brush body and teeth have a full range of vibration can remove the dirt all parts of the tooth surface, massage and play a role in health care for young and old sick especially in the early brush your teeth to use.
图1为本实用新型之原理示意图，图2为本实用新型之结构示意图。 The new principle of FIG. 1 is a schematic view of practical structural diagram of FIG. 2 of the present invention.
本实用新型之刷体2采用无毒塑料经常规工艺制成，外侧制有刷毛17，左端制有刷体盖1，四周外侧制有护罩3，刷体2在主轴14的驱动下高速转动和往复运动，以达到清洁齿面的目的。 The present invention uses non-toxic plastic brush body 2 is made by the conventional process, the outer bristles 17 is formed with the left end cap formed with a brush body, surrounded by the outer shroud 3 is formed with the brush body 2 is rotated at a high speed of the drive shaft 14 and reciprocated for the purpose of cleaning tooth surfaces. 刷体2右端与主轴14采用套嵌结构插入紧连接，可拆卸，以便更换刷体2。 Brush body 2 and the right end of shaft 14 is inserted into the structure using nested tightly connected detachably for replacement of the brush body 2. 刷体2中心塑铸制有短轴18与刷体盖1组成滑动轴承，起支撑刷体2的作用，承受高速转动和往复运动。 2 central plastic brush body manufactured by casting and the minor axis 18 of the brush body head 1 composed of slide bearings, the role of the brush body 2 from the support, to withstand high-speed rotation and reciprocation. 护罩3护住70％的刷体2外侧上的刷毛17，保证能使30％的刷毛与齿面接触，防止刷毛与口腔软组织的接触。 The bristles on the outer shroud 3 2 70% cover your brush body 17, making it 30% of the bristles in contact with the tooth surface, preventing contact with the bristles of the oral soft tissue. 护罩3采用拉伸冲压制成，与外壳11的细端部位连接并可拆卸，设有压点定位。 By tensile stamped shield 3 connected to the tip end portion of the housing 11 and is detachably provided with pressure point is positioned. 刷体盖1卡在刷体2端部与护罩3起支承刷体2的作用。 1 brush body cap card support action from the brush body 2, 3 and the second end portion of the shield in the brush body. 在主轴14上制有两个尼龙轴承13和15，固定在外壳11上以支承主轴14，主轴和轴承间可加注润滑油。 On the main shaft 14 is formed with two nylon bearings 13 and 15, secured to the housing 11 supporting the spindle 14, between the spindle and bearings filled with oil. 在尼龙轴承15处制有密封圈4以防止牙膏和润滑油相互渗漏。 At a nylon bearing 15 is formed with the sealing ring 4 to prevent leakage of the lubricating oil and another toothpaste. 主轴14上装有振动弹簧5，它和空间凸齿轮7带动刷体往复运动，在弹簧5左端装有两个相对滑动的垫片16，其中一个与弹簧一起随主轴14转动，另一个起推力轴承的作用。 14 with the main shaft vibration spring 5, which space the flange gear 7 and driven to reciprocate the brush body, with two opposing sliding pad 16 in the left end of the spring 5, which with a spindle 14 rotates together with the spring, the thrust bearing from the other role. 在主轴最右端制有内齿轮6与固连在电机轴上的空间凸齿轮7啮合，空间凸齿轮7起两个作用，一是与内齿轮6啮合带动刷体2转动；二是与主轴14触动带动刷体2往复运动。 In the far right of the spindle is formed with the inner gear 6 is secured in spatial projection engages the gear on the motor shaft 7, 7 flange gear space serves two functions, one is meshed with the internal gear 6 is rotated to drive the brush body 2; the spindle 14 with two 2 touches driven to reciprocate the brush body. 内齿轮6和凸齿轮7采用聚胺醛耐磨材料注塑成型，模数为0·6，内齿轮6齿数为37，凸齿轮7齿数为22。 The internal gear 6 and gear 7 projecting an aldehyde polyamine employed abradable material injection molding, a modulus of 0.6, number of teeth of the internal gear 6 is 37, the number of teeth of the flange gear 7 22. 电机选用151型，电源为直流3伏，电机8的转速为5000转／分，固定制于手把外壳11内左端，其轴上固连凸齿轮7，外壳11右端内制有电池盒9可装载2节5号电池，在电池盒9的地方也可装置交流稳压电源以替代电池。 Type selection motor 151, a DC power source is 3 V, the rotational speed of the motor 8 is 5000 r / min, to a system fixed to the left end of the handle housing 11, which is fixedly connected flange gear shaft 7, the right end of the housing 11 is formed with the battery case 9 can load cell 2 5, where the battery case 9 may also be an AC power supply instead of the battery. 手把外壳11侧面上制有电源开关12以控制电源与电机的电连通。 System with a power switch 12 to control power supply to the motor 11 on the side of the handle housing in communication. 外壳11的最右端制有压卡式后盖10以便于更换电池。 Rightmost end of housing 11 made of pressurized cassette cover 10 so as to replace the battery.
本实用新型使用时，刷体2上的刷毛17的外裸部分与齿面接触，除以电机转速相同速度与齿面摩擦外，还在水平方向以与转速相同的频率往复运动，使牙齿感觉舒适，并起到保健清洁功能。 When using the present invention, the bare portion of the brush body in contact with the outer tooth surfaces 2 on the bristles 17, the same speed as the motor speed divided by the outer tooth surface friction, also the horizontal direction at the same speed of reciprocation frequency, the teeth feel comfortable, clean and play a health function.