CN214395429U - Beat 3D printer that printer head heat dispersion is good - Google Patents

Beat 3D printer that printer head heat dispersion is good Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214395429U
CN214395429U CN202022196564.0U CN202022196564U CN214395429U CN 214395429 U CN214395429 U CN 214395429U CN 202022196564 U CN202022196564 U CN 202022196564U CN 214395429 U CN214395429 U CN 214395429U
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China
Prior art keywords
heat dissipation
printer
water
cooling
pipeline
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Active
Application number
CN202022196564.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邵国强
李鹏
刘影
刘鹤飞
张旭辉
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Henan Zhuqi Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Henan Zhuqi Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202022196564.0U priority Critical patent/CN214395429U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of 3D printers, and discloses a 3D printer with a printing head with good heat dissipation performance, which comprises a nozzle, a heating device arranged on the upper part of the nozzle, and a feed pipeline arranged above the heating device and connected with the nozzle, wherein a plurality of heat dissipation fans are arranged outside the feed pipeline; the outside swing joint of charge-in pipeline has the water-cooling heat dissipation layer, the outside fixedly connected with heat-transfer device in water-cooling heat dissipation layer. The inside fixed mounting of water-cooling heat dissipation layer has the heat dissipation pipeline, heat dissipation pipeline one end is equipped with the inlet, and the other end is equipped with the liquid outlet, just inlet and liquid outlet all are located water-cooling heat dissipation layer upper end mouth. The heat conduction device comprises a ventilation plate, and a plurality of heat conduction plates are fixedly connected to the outer side of the ventilation plate. The ventilation plate is provided with a plurality of ventilation holes. The utility model discloses an use water-cooling and forced air cooling to combine, and changed charge-in pipeline's heat conduction efficiency, make the radiating efficiency who beats printer head higher, the result of use is better.

Description

Beat 3D printer that printer head heat dispersion is good
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a printer field especially relates to a beat 3D printer that printer head heat dispersion is good.
Background
The 3D printer is called 3DP for short, not only can print a complete building, but also can print any needed shape of an article for an astronaut in a space ship. However, 3D prints out a model of the object, and cannot print out the function of the object. A 3D printer, also known as a three-dimensional printer (3DP), is a machine that is an additive manufacturing technique, i.e., a rapid prototyping technique, which is based on a digital model file, and manufactures a three-dimensional object by printing a layer of adhesive material on a layer by layer using an adhesive material such as a special wax material, powdered metal, or plastic. State of the art three-dimensional printers are used to manufacture products. Techniques for building objects in a layer-by-layer printing manner. The principle of the 3D printer is that data and raw materials are put into the 3D printer, and the machine can build the product layer by layer according to the program.
When using, current 3D printer, especially fused deposition formula 3D printer (FDM), it beats printer head high temperature, the high temperature can lead to the material will melt when the ejection of compact pipeline, can cause the ejection of compact too fast, the ejection of compact is inhomogeneous, thereby lead to printing the shape precision and reducing, need adopt heat abstractor to realize the heat dissipation, but current heat abstractor can't reach the standard usually when the heat dissipation, it is different to the heat dissipation intensity requirement under the different situation, current 3D printer can't adjust heat dissipation intensity usually, cause the waste of the energy.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that a 3D printer that beats printer head heat dispersion and is good is provided, combines with the forced air cooling through using the water-cooling to feed pipe's heat conduction efficiency has been changed, makes the radiating efficiency who beats printer head higher, and the result of use is better.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a technical scheme be: the 3D printer with the printing head having good heat dissipation performance comprises a nozzle, a heating device arranged at the upper part of the nozzle, and a feeding pipeline arranged above the heating device and connected with the nozzle, wherein a plurality of heat dissipation fans are arranged on the outer side of the feeding pipeline;
the outside swing joint of charge-in pipeline has the water-cooling heat dissipation layer, the outside fixedly connected with heat-transfer device in water-cooling heat dissipation layer.
Further, the inside fixed mounting in water-cooling heat dissipation layer has the heat dissipation pipeline, heat dissipation pipeline one end is equipped with the inlet, and the other end is equipped with the liquid outlet, just inlet and liquid outlet all are located water-cooling heat dissipation layer upper end mouth.
Further, the heat conduction device comprises a ventilation plate, and a plurality of heat conduction plates are fixedly connected to the outer side of the ventilation plate.
Furthermore, a plurality of ventilation holes are formed in the ventilation plate.
Furthermore, the middle part of the heat conducting plate is connected to the ventilating plate and is perpendicular to the ventilating plate.
Furthermore, the air permeable plate and the heat conducting plate are made of copper.
The utility model has the advantages as follows: the utility model discloses an use water-cooling and forced air cooling to combine the use, install the water-cooling heat dissipation layer at the outside nestification of feed inlet, have heat conduction device at water-cooling heat dissipation layer externally mounted, derive the heat on the charge-in pipeline to heat conduction device on, the mode of rethread radiator fan convection current dispels the heat, promotes the radiating effect, and water-cooling heat dissipation and forced air cooling heat dissipation are different on-off control, so can use different radiating mode according to different heat dissipation demands, reduce the waste of resource.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the heating device and the nozzle;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the connection between the heat conducting device and the nozzle;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the heat conducting device;
FIG. 5 is a schematic plan view of the water-cooling heat dissipation layer;
fig. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 4.
In the figure: the heat-conducting plate comprises a nozzle 1, a heating device 2, a feeding pipeline 3, a heat-radiating fan 4, a water-cooling heat-radiating layer 5, a heat-radiating pipeline 51, a liquid inlet 52, a liquid outlet 53, a heat-conducting device 6, a ventilation plate 61, a ventilation hole 611 and a heat-conducting plate 62.
Detailed Description
Technical problem to be solved
The following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention will be provided in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, so as to enable those skilled in the art to more easily understand the advantages and features of the present invention, and thereby define the scope of the invention more clearly and clearly.
(II) technical scheme
Referring to fig. 1, a 3D printer with a good heat dissipation performance of a printing head comprises a nozzle 1, a heating device 2 arranged on the upper portion of the nozzle 1 and a feed pipe 3 arranged above the heating device 2 and connected with the nozzle 1, wherein when the 3D printer is operated, materials enter the feed pipe and are heated and melted by the heating device 2, and then are sprayed out through the nozzle to form a model shape through accumulation, when the printer is used for a long time, the nozzle 1 can be continuously heated, and because the nozzle 1 and the feed pipe 3 are in a connected state and are all made of metal materials, the heat conduction performance is good, the temperature of the feed pipe 3 can be continuously increased, when the raw materials pass through the feed pipe 3, overheating is caused, the raw materials are melted in advance, the discharging is too fast, or the discharging is not uniform, and the quality of 3D printed products is affected;
as shown in fig. 1, there are two radiator fans 4 fixedly mounted outside the feeding duct 3, the positions of the two fans 4 are respectively located at the front and rear sides, the wind direction device inside blows when the fan 4 at the rear side starts, the wind direction device outside draws when the fan 4 at the rear side starts, blow to the device inside when the fan 4 at the rear side starts, increase the flow velocity of the inside air, blow the inside hot air to the outside, the front side fan 4 draws air to the device outside, thereby the inside hot air of the device is drawn out to achieve the replacement of the inside air, the purpose of reducing the temperature of the feeding duct 3 is achieved, the quality of the printing model is improved, and the printing efficiency is improved.
As shown in fig. 5 and fig. 6, a water-cooling heat dissipation layer 5 is movably connected to the exterior of the feeding pipe 3, the water-cooling heat dissipation device 5 is nested at the periphery of the feeding pipe 3, the inner diameter of the water-cooling heat dissipation layer 5 is the same as the outer diameter of the feeding pipe 3, the material of the water-cooling heat dissipation layer 5 is made of copper, the heat conduction performance can be increased, heat on the feeding pipe 3 is rapidly conducted to the water-cooling heat dissipation layer 5, a heat dissipation pipe 51 is fixedly installed inside the water-cooling heat dissipation layer 5, the heat dissipation pipe 51 is made of copper, the heat dissipation pipe 51 is wound on the exterior of the feeding pipe 3 and is located at the inner layer of the water-cooling heat dissipation layer 5, one end of the heat dissipation pipe 51 is provided with a liquid inlet 52, the liquid inlet 52 is located at the left side of the top of the water-cooling heat dissipation layer 5, the liquid inlet 52 is connected with the liquid outlet of the water-cooling heat dissipation device, the cooling liquid is input into the feeding pipe 3 through the water-cooling heat dissipation device, and absorbs heat inside the feeding pipe 3, the other end is provided with a liquid outlet 53, the position of the liquid outlet 53 is located on the right side of the top of the water-cooling heat dissipation layer 5, the liquid outlet 53 is connected with a liquid inlet of the water-cooling heat dissipation device, the cooling liquid which has absorbed heat in the heat dissipation pipeline 51 is conveyed into the water-cooling heat dissipation device, and then the cooling liquid is cooled by the water-cooling heat dissipation device and is conveyed in a circulating mode, so that the purpose of heat dissipation is achieved.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 4, the heat conducting device 6 is fixedly connected to the outside of the water-cooling heat dissipation layer 5, the heat conducting device 6 includes a ventilation plate 61, a plurality of heat conducting plates 62 are fixedly connected to the outside of the ventilation plate 61, the ventilation plate 61 is arranged to fix the heat conducting plates 62, the direction of the heat conducting plate 62 is consistent with the wind direction of the heat dissipation fan 4, the middle of the heat conducting plate 62 is connected to the ventilation plate 61 and is perpendicular to the ventilation plate 61, so that the direction of the heat conducting plate 62 is consistent with the heat dissipation wind direction, the heat dissipation effect is improved, and the heat conducting plate 62 and the ventilation plate 61 are both made of copper, so as to increase the heat conductivity and improve the heat dissipation effect, the feeding pipe 3 directly transmits heat to the heat conducting plate 62 through the ventilation plate 61, transmits the heat of a small area on the feeding pipe 3 to the ventilation plate 61 and the heat conducting plate 62, disperses the heat to the heat conducting plate 62 of a large area, and blows to the outside of the equipment through the heat dissipation fan, the radiating effect is promoted, the plurality of ventilation holes 611 are formed in the ventilation plate 61, and the ventilation holes 611 are arranged to enable the radiating fan to form convection during working, so that the air cooling radiating effect is promoted.
The utility model discloses a use does:
the equipment is started by technicians in the field, the thermal power of the printing head of the printer is determined approximately according to the workload of the model to be printed, different heat dissipation modes are selected, air cooling and liquid cooling can be simultaneously started when the thermal power is large, only air cooling or liquid cooling can be started when the thermal power is small, the heat dissipation mode suitable for use is selected by observing the discharging condition during use, and the printing effect of the printer of the 3d printer is the best.
The above only is the embodiment of the present invention, not limiting the patent scope of the present invention, all the equivalent structures or equivalent processes that are used in the specification and the attached drawings or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields are included in the patent protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a beat 3D printer that printer head heat dispersion is good, includes spout (1), sets up in heating device (2) on spout (1) upper portion and sets up in heating device (2) top and charge-in pipeline (3) be connected with spout (1), its characterized in that: a plurality of cooling fans (4) are arranged on the outer side of the feeding pipeline (3);
the feeding pipeline (3) is externally and movably connected with a water-cooling heat dissipation layer (5), and the water-cooling heat dissipation layer (5) is externally and fixedly connected with a heat conduction device (6).
2. The 3D printer with the printing head having the good heat dissipation performance according to claim 1, wherein: the inside fixed mounting of water-cooling heat dissipation layer (5) has heat dissipation pipeline (51), heat dissipation pipeline (51) one end is equipped with inlet (52), and the other end is equipped with liquid outlet (53), just inlet (52) and liquid outlet (53) all are located port on water-cooling heat dissipation layer (5).
3. The 3D printer with the printing head having the good heat dissipation performance according to claim 1, wherein: the heat conduction device (6) comprises a ventilation plate (61), and a plurality of heat conduction plates (62) are fixedly connected to the outer side of the ventilation plate (61).
4. The 3D printer with the printing head having the good heat dissipation performance according to claim 3, wherein: the ventilation plate (61) is provided with a plurality of ventilation holes (611).
5. The 3D printer with the printing head having the good heat dissipation performance according to claim 3, wherein: the middle part of the heat conducting plate (62) is connected to the ventilation plate (61) and is vertical to the ventilation plate (61).
6. The 3D printer with the printing head having the good heat dissipation performance according to claim 3, wherein: the air permeable plate (61) and the heat conducting plate (62) are made of copper.
CN202022196564.0U 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Beat 3D printer that printer head heat dispersion is good Active CN214395429U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022196564.0U CN214395429U (en) 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Beat 3D printer that printer head heat dispersion is good

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022196564.0U CN214395429U (en) 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Beat 3D printer that printer head heat dispersion is good

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214395429U true CN214395429U (en) 2021-10-15

Family

ID=78018379

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022196564.0U Active CN214395429U (en) 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Beat 3D printer that printer head heat dispersion is good

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214395429U (en)

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