CN214105900U - Supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production - Google Patents

Supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN214105900U
CN214105900U CN202023005365.3U CN202023005365U CN214105900U CN 214105900 U CN214105900 U CN 214105900U CN 202023005365 U CN202023005365 U CN 202023005365U CN 214105900 U CN214105900 U CN 214105900U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
extraction kettle
industrial
agricultural production
supercritical
separation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202023005365.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹家宝
刘永吉
魏美霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Daqing Baoqi Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
Original Assignee
Daqing Baoqi Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Daqing Baoqi Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd filed Critical Daqing Baoqi Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
Priority to CN202023005365.3U priority Critical patent/CN214105900U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN214105900U publication Critical patent/CN214105900U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

The invention relates to a supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production, and belongs to the field of industrial and agricultural production equipment. The invention uses supercritical fluid as extractant to extract certain high boiling point or heat-sensitive component from liquid phase or solid phase, so as to realize separation and purification of target substance; the extracts obtained in the corresponding pressure ranges are not single, the mixed components with the optimal proportion can be obtained by controlling the conditions, and then the supercritical fluid is changed into the common gas by the methods of pressure reduction and temperature rise, so that the extracted substances are completely or almost completely precipitated; meanwhile, when the extracted substances are used for separation operation under different vapor pressures, the extracted substances have different chemical affinities and dissolving capacities. Therefore, the unit operation of separation and purification by using fluid in a supercritical state just utilizes the unique property, the process simultaneously utilizes the phenomena of distillation and extraction, and vapor pressure and phase separation play a certain role in the process.

Description

Supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an industrial and agricultural production equipment field specifically is a supercritical fluid extraction cauldron for industrial and agricultural production.
Background
With the change of scientific technology and the increasing awareness of people on the environmental protection such as sustainable development, green emission reduction and the like, people put higher requirements on green development technology related to own industry. In recent years, people always find clean and efficient production equipment, the equipment manufacturing process is simple, the used solvent is high in safety and easy to recover, the extraction rate of the product is relatively high, the chemical components of the original substances cannot be damaged in the production and extraction process, the whole process of processing and extraction is green and pollution-free, and the new technology and the new equipment are used for replacing the traditional separation method.
The supercritical extraction technology has attracted great interest as a modern green and environment-friendly typical technology once appearing. At present, how to effectively and practically apply the supercritical extraction technology in the industries of food, medicine, petroleum and the like is a problem of wide attention in various industries.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a supercritical fluid extraction cauldron for industrial and agricultural production to solve the problem that provides in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
a supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production comprises an extraction kettle fixed on a frame, wherein a motor is installed above the extraction kettle, a speed reducer is fixed below the motor, a magnetic coupler is connected below the speed reducer, and the lower end of the magnetic coupler is connected with a stirrer through a stirrer connecting rod; an extraction kettle cover is arranged at the upper end of the extraction kettle, and a feeding and discharging pipe and a temperature and pressure detection meter are fixedly arranged on the kettle cover; a cooling water coil is fixedly arranged in the extraction kettle; the bottom of the extraction kettle is provided with high-pressure CO2An air inlet.
As an optimal technical scheme of the utility model, business turn over material pipe top fixed mounting has business turn over material control flap.
As an optimal technical scheme of the utility model, warm pressure detection pipe is installed to warm pressure detection table lower extreme.
As an optimized technical scheme of the utility model, the warm-pressing detects the table and can detect temperature and pressure size in the extraction cauldron simultaneously.
The utility model discloses the beneficial effect who reaches is: a supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production uses supercritical fluid as extractant to extract certain high boiling point or heat sensitive component from liquid phase or solid phase, so as to realize separation and purification of target substance; the extracts obtained in the corresponding pressure ranges are not single, the mixed components with the optimal proportion can be obtained by controlling the conditions, and then the supercritical fluid is changed into the common gas by the methods of pressure reduction and temperature rise, so that the extracted substances are completely or almost completely precipitated; meanwhile, when the extracted substances are used for separation operation under different vapor pressures, the extracted substances have different chemical affinities and dissolving capacities. Therefore, the unit operation of separation and purification by using fluid in a supercritical state just utilizes the unique property, the process simultaneously utilizes the phenomena of distillation and extraction, and vapor pressure and phase separation play a certain role in the process.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the supercritical extraction kettle used in industrial and agricultural production.
In the figure: 1-frame, 2-high pressure CO2The device comprises an air inlet, a stirrer 3, a stirrer 4, a stirrer connecting rod, a material inlet and outlet pipe 5, a temperature and pressure detecting meter 6, a motor 7, a speed reducer 8, a magnetic coupler 9, an extraction kettle cover 10, a cooling water coil 11 and an extraction kettle 12.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to FIG. 1, a supercritical fluid for industrial and agricultural productionThe extraction kettle comprises a 12-extraction kettle fixed on a 1-frame, a 7-motor is arranged above the 12-extraction kettle, an 8-speed reducer is fixedly connected below the 7-motor, a 9-magnetic coupler is connected below the 8-speed reducer, and the lower end of the 9-magnetic coupler is connected with a 3-stirrer through a 4-stirrer connecting rod; the upper end of the 12-extraction kettle is provided with a 10-extraction kettle cover, and the 10-extraction kettle cover is fixedly provided with a 5-feeding and discharging pipe and a 6-temperature and pressure detection meter; the interior of the 12-extraction kettle is fixedly provided with an 11-cooling water coil; the bottom of the 12-extraction kettle is provided with 2-high pressure CO2An air inlet.
The utility model discloses the theory of operation: introducing a reaction material into a 12-extraction kettle through a 5-feeding and discharging pipe, starting a 7-motor arranged above the 12-extraction kettle, driving an 8-speed reducer and a 9-magnetic coupler by the 7-motor, and driving a 4-stirrer connecting rod and a 3-stirrer to stir by the 9-magnetic coupler; by 2-high pressure CO2Gas inlet injection of high pressure CO2The water inflow of the 11-cooling water coil is regulated and controlled by observing the 6-temperature and pressure detection meter, and CO is kept2The continuous extraction is carried out in the critical state, the discharging operation can be carried out through a 5-feeding and discharging pipe after the extraction is finished, and the discharging of excess materials and the impurity removal in the 12-extraction kettle can be carried out by opening a 10-extraction kettle cover.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art through specific situations.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (4)

1. A supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production is characterized by comprising an extraction kettle fixed on a rack, wherein a motor is installed above the extraction kettle, a speed reducer is fixed below the motor, a magnetic coupler is connected below the speed reducer, and the lower end of the magnetic coupler is connected with a stirrer through a stirrer connecting rod; an extraction kettle cover is arranged at the upper end of the extraction kettle, and a feeding and discharging pipe and a temperature and pressure detection meter are fixedly arranged on the kettle cover; a cooling water coil is fixedly arranged in the extraction kettle; the bottom of the extraction kettle is provided with high-pressure CO2An air inlet.
2. The supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production according to claim 1 is characterized in that: and a feeding and discharging control valve is fixedly mounted at the top end of the feeding and discharging pipe.
3. The supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production according to claim 1 is characterized in that: and a temperature and pressure detection tube is arranged at the lower end of the temperature and pressure detection meter.
4. The supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the temperature and pressure detecting meter can simultaneously detect the temperature and the pressure in the extraction kettle.
CN202023005365.3U 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 Supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production Active CN214105900U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202023005365.3U CN214105900U (en) 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 Supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202023005365.3U CN214105900U (en) 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 Supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214105900U true CN214105900U (en) 2021-09-03

Family

ID=77511292

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202023005365.3U Active CN214105900U (en) 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 Supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214105900U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103949654B (en) A kind of supercritical water thermal synthesis preparation system of nano particle
CN102772912B (en) Device and method for extracting effective components from natural plant by high-pressure spraying reverse-flow process
CN108558644B (en) Production process and device of industrial oleic acid
CN102828030A (en) Method for recycling rare earth elements in rare earth fluorescent powder waste by ultrasonic-submolten salt process
CN204233815U (en) A kind of subcritical abstraction device
CN203648903U (en) Full-automatic suction filtration and cleaning system for powder materials
CN203916144U (en) A kind of continuous automatic solvent extract and separate enrichment facility
CN214105900U (en) Supercritical extraction kettle for industrial and agricultural production
CN201799133U (en) Supercritical CO2 fluid extracting device
CN206970508U (en) The extraction element of taxol in a kind of Chinese yew
CN105360169A (en) Continuous-phase-change extraction method for bacteriostatic substance in oil tea and application thereof
CN105126383A (en) Traditional-Chinese-medicine efficient energy-saving automatic integrated extraction concentration technology and technological equipment
CN103435508A (en) Preparation process and device for N,N-diethylformamide
CN207143010U (en) The dehydration device of esterification products under a kind of acid condition
CN202777912U (en) Device for supercritical CO2 extraction of capsicum oleoresin
CN203139677U (en) Extraction pots and continuous countercurrent extraction system
CN215327968U (en) Supercritical extraction device for plant essential oil
CN209662649U (en) Phenylacetic acid recyclable device
CN205323276U (en) Multifunctional extraction tank
CN209576184U (en) For detecting the gas-liquid separation device of organic acid substance
CN105195062B (en) Modularization supercritical CO2Fluid device
CN205032152U (en) Overcritical CO2 fluid equipment of modularization
CN202021016U (en) Waste water filtering and recovering device
CN207950745U (en) Fusel oil device is extracted in a kind of edible alcohol distillation process
CN201572540U (en) Biological supercritical fluid extraction device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant