CN213643717U - Biological deodorization device - Google Patents

Biological deodorization device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213643717U
CN213643717U CN202021531447.9U CN202021531447U CN213643717U CN 213643717 U CN213643717 U CN 213643717U CN 202021531447 U CN202021531447 U CN 202021531447U CN 213643717 U CN213643717 U CN 213643717U
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Prior art keywords
biological
absorption tower
nutrient solution
deodorization device
filter
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CN202021531447.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周继勇
王翔
刘鑫
黄艳辉
于�玲
钱俊
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Jiangsu Weixin Environmental Protection Equipment Co ltd
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Jiangsu Weixin Environmental Protection Equipment Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

The utility model discloses a biological deodorization device, which comprises a spray absorption tower, a deodorization device and an exhaust chimney, wherein the spray absorption tower is internally provided with a filter bed, a cooling mechanism, a humidifying mechanism and a dust removal mechanism, the cooling mechanism, the humidifying mechanism and the dust removal mechanism are sequentially arranged at the upper end inside the spray absorption tower at the moment of installation, a biological trickling filter box and a biological filter tank are arranged inside the deodorization device, an output end communicating pipe of the biological filter tank and a circulating spray pump are communicated with the deodorization device, one side of the biological filter tank is provided with a nutrient solution medicine storage tank, the input end of the biological filter tank is communicated with the nutrient solution medicine storage tank through a nutrient solution metering pump, the utility model uses porous biological ball filler in the deodorization device, the nutrient solution metering pump conveys nutrient solution to the biological filter tank, and inorganic mixture and nutrient solution required by microorganism propagation are added in the filler through the circulating water pump, by controlling the dosage proportion of the nutrient solution, the problem that the quantity of microorganisms in the deodorization device is difficult to detect can be solved.

Description

Biological deodorization device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of biological deodorization, concretely relates to biological deodorization device.
Background
There are many industrial methods for treating the odor in the exhaust gas, but the method is also a biological deodorization technique. The biological deodorization technology has the working principle that collected waste gas passes through a solid carrier (filler) full of microorganisms under proper conditions, odor substances are absorbed by the filler and then are oxidized and decomposed by the microorganisms on the filler, and the biological deodorization of the waste gas is completed mainly by utilizing the microorganisms to deodorize, and the substances with odor are converted through metabolism of the microorganisms, so that target pollutants are effectively decomposed and removed, and the purpose of treating the odor is achieved. Because the biological deodorization has stronger pertinence and is more economical and environment-friendly, the method for treating the odor by adopting the biological deodorization mode is widely applied to various industries.
The existing biological deodorization technology has the following problems: the deodorization device occupies a large area, and the number of microorganisms is not easy to monitor.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a biological deodorization device to it is big to solve the deodorization device area that provides in the above-mentioned background art, and the difficult problem of monitoring of microorganism quantity.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the utility model provides a biological deodorization device, includes sprays absorption tower, deodorizing device and exhaust chimney, its characterized in that: the spray absorption tower is internally provided with a filter bed, a cooling mechanism, a humidifying mechanism and a dust removing mechanism, the bottom end surface of the spray absorption tower is provided with a gas collecting hood, the bottom end inside the spray absorption tower is provided with the filter bed, the cooling mechanism, the humidifying mechanism and the dust removing mechanism are sequentially arranged at the upper end inside the spray absorption tower at the moment of installation, the humidifying mechanism is arranged between the cooling mechanism and the dedusting mechanism, one side of the bottom end of the spray absorption tower is provided with a fan, the top end of the spray absorption tower is provided with an outlet, the outlet of the spray absorption tower is communicated with one end of a deodorization device through a communicating pipe and a fan, a biological trickling filter box and a biological filter tank are arranged in the deodorization device, the biological filter tank is arranged outside the deodorization device, the output end communicating pipe of the biological filter is communicated with the deodorization device through a circulating spray pump, a nutrient solution medicine storage tank is arranged on one side of the biological filter, and the input end of the biological filter is communicated with the nutrient solution medicine storage tank through a nutrient solution metering pump.
Preferably, a circulating spray pump, an alkali dosing metering pump and an alkali storage tank are arranged outside the spray absorption tower, the circulating spray pump is connected with the output end of the filter bed, the output end of the filter bed is communicated with the humidifying mechanism through the spray pump, and the alkali storage tank is connected with the input end of the filter bed through the alkali dosing metering pump.
Preferably, deodorizing device one side is provided with high-efficient silk screen defroster, and deodorizing device output and high-efficient silk screen defroster intercommunication, high-efficient silk screen defroster and exhaust chimney bottom intercommunication.
Preferably, the biological trickling filter is internally provided with biological filler, the biological filler is multi-graded porous biological ball filler, the diameter of the filler is less than or equal to 80mm, the material is PP, and the multi-surface hollow ball has more than 36 petals.
Preferably, a salinity meter, a concentration reducing meter and a liquid level meter are arranged in the filter bed, and an online pH meter and a liquid level meter are arranged in the biological filter.
Preferably, a methane alarm instrument and a VOCE alarm instrument are arranged between the deodorization device and the high-efficiency wire mesh demister, and a hydrogen sulfide alarm instrument, an ammonia gas instrument and a total hydrocarbon instrument are arranged between the high-efficiency wire mesh demister and the exhaust chimney.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a biological deodorization device possesses following beneficial effect:
1. the utility model relates to a rationally, simple structure, biofilter deodorizing device packs the porous biological ball filler that adopts multiple gradation, and the filler diameter is less than or equal to 80mm, and the material is PP, and polyhedral hollow ball is 36 lamellas more than, and biofilm carrier surface area/volume ratio (m2/m3) is more than or equal to 350, has the best environment that adsorbs pollutant and microorganism grow simultaneously, and it is low to have the working costs, maintains advantages such as simple, can reduce deodorizing device area simultaneously.
2. The utility model discloses an use porous biological ball filler in deodorizing device, the nutrition measuring pump is carried the nutrient solution to the biological filter in, add inorganic mixture and the required nutrient solution of microorganism reproduction through circulating water pump in the filler, make the microorganism keep high activity when optimizing deodorizing device packing performance, these substances can both improve the permeability of filler, the hydroscopicity, and play and prevent hardening, balanced microorganism nutrient composition simultaneously, and adjust the required suitable humidity of microorganism, pH value, oxygen content, through control nutrient solution quantity proportion, thereby can solve the difficult problem that detects of microorganism quantity in deodorizing device.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention, and together with the description, do not constitute a limitation of the invention, in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a bio-deodorizing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the biological deodorization apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a flow chart of the front frame of the deodorizing device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a flow chart of the rear frame of the deodorizing device of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. a gas-collecting hood; 2. spraying an absorption tower; 3. a filter bed; 4. a fan; 5. a circulating spray pump; 6. An alkali dosing metering pump; 7. an alkali drug storage tank; 8. a bio-trickling filter box; 9. a biological filter; 10. a nutrient solution metering pump; 11. a nutrient solution medicine storage tank; 12. a high-efficiency wire mesh demister; 13. an exhaust stack; 14. a cooling mechanism; 15. a humidifying mechanism; 16. a dust removal mechanism; 17. porous bio-spheres.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a biological deodorization device, includes sprays absorption tower 2, deodorizing device and exhaust chimney 13, its characterized in that: the inside filter bed 3, the mechanism 14 that reduces the temperature, humidification mechanism 15 and the dust removal mechanism 16 that is provided with of spray absorption tower 2, spray absorption tower 2 bottom surface and be provided with gas collecting channel 1, spray absorption tower 2 inside bottom is provided with filter bed 3, cooling mechanism 14, humidification mechanism 15 and dust removal mechanism 16 set gradually in spray absorption tower 2 inside upper end according to the installation in the twinkling of an eye, humidification mechanism 15 sets up between cooling mechanism 14 and dust removal mechanism 16, and humidification mechanism 14 designs for continuous cycle scattered water, carries out the preliminary treatment to the foul gas that gets into, and filter bed 3 top designs for interstitial scattered water, if in dry state, the biology will lose the activity, if humidity is too high, carrier surface water film thickening, the pressure loss of ventilating increases, hinders the gas flow, and dust removal mechanism 16 must detach the tiny particle wherein in order to prevent next process's biological filter 9 in the air admission, therefore, before air enters, water washing is carried out to improve humidity and remove dust and oil content, organic substances in waste gas are transferred from gas phase to liquid phase through humidification and cooling, one side of the bottom end of a spray absorption tower 2 is provided with a fan 4, the top end of the spray absorption tower 2 is provided with an outlet, the outside of the spray absorption tower 2 is provided with a circulating spray pump 5, an alkali dosing metering pump 6 and an alkali medicine storage tank 7, the circulating spray pump 5 is connected with the output end of a filter bed 3, the output end of the filter bed 3 is communicated with a humidification mechanism 15 through the circulating spray pump 5, the alkali medicine storage tank 7 is connected with the input end of the filter bed 3 through the alkali dosing metering pump 6, a salinity meter, a concentration meter and a liquid level meter are arranged in the filter bed 3, the outlet of the spray absorption tower 2 is communicated with one end of a deodorization device through a communicating pipe and the fan 4, malodorous gas is dissolved through gas-liquid diffusion, malodorous substances in, the liquid-solid diffusion makes the malodorous components dissolved in the water solution adsorbed and absorbed by the microorganisms, and the malodorous components are transferred into the microorganisms in the biological filler by liquid-phase diffusion.
The deodorization device is characterized in that a biological trickling filter box 8 and a biological filter 9 are arranged in the deodorization device, biological filler is arranged in the biological trickling filter box 8, the biological filler adopts multi-graded porous biological ball filler, the diameter of the filler is less than or equal to 80mm, the material is PP, more than 36 petals of multi-surface hollow balls are provided, the optimal environment for adsorbing pollutants and growing microorganisms is provided, the operation cost is low, the biological filter 9 is arranged outside the deodorization device, an output end communicating pipe of the biological filter 9 and a circulating spray pump 5 are communicated with the deodorization device, a nutrient solution storage tank 11 is arranged on one side of the biological filter 9, an input end of the biological filter 9 is communicated with the nutrient solution storage tank 11 through a nutrient solution metering pump 10, an online pH meter and a liquid level meter are arranged in the biological filter 9 and used for detecting the pH value and the liquid volume in the biological filter 9 so as to adjust the pH value in the biological filter 9 to reach the environment pH value suitable for, meanwhile, the pH value in the biological filter 9 is prevented from being reduced, the growth of microorganisms is influenced by acidification phenomenon, the deodorization effect is reduced, a high-efficiency wire mesh demister 12 is arranged on one side of the deodorization device, the output end of the deodorization device is communicated with the high-efficiency wire mesh demister 12, the high-efficiency wire mesh demister 12 is communicated with the bottom end of an exhaust chimney 13, the waste gas after treatment is dehydrated by the high-efficiency wire mesh demister 12, a methane alarm instrument and a VOCE alarm instrument are arranged between the deodorization device and the high-efficiency wire mesh demister 12, a hydrogen sulfide alarm instrument, an ammonia gas instrument and a total hydrocarbon instrument are arranged between the high-efficiency wire mesh demister 12 and the exhaust chimney 13, and the set hydrogen sulfide alarm instrument, ammonia gas instrument and total hydrocarbon instrument are used for detecting whether the waste gas leading to the.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation and use flow: the waste gas is collected by a gas collecting hood 1, then is sucked into a spray absorption tower 2 by a fan 4, is subjected to process treatment by a temperature reduction mechanism 14, a humidification mechanism 15 and a dust removal mechanism 16, the humidification mechanism 14 is designed to continuously circulate dispersed water, the waste gas is pretreated, namely, odor is humidified to saturation degree, is pretreated and easily condensed substances are removed, the odor after treatment and humidification is sent into a biological filter layer after passing through a release chamber, organic substances in the waste gas are firstly transferred to a mass transfer process in a liquid phase from a gas phase through the humidification and temperature reduction mechanism, then the liquid phase is biologically deodorized by microbial adsorption degradation, a porous biological ball 17 filler is used in a deodorization device, a nutrient solution is conveyed into a biological filter 9 by a nutrient metering pump 10, an inorganic mixture and a nutrient solution required by microbial propagation are added into the filler through a circulating spray pump 5, and the microbial activity is kept while the filler performance of the deodorization device is optimized, the organic matter is transferred from the waste gas to the liquid phase due to the concentration gradient of the organic matter between gas and liquid phases, the water solubility of the organic matter and the adsorption effect of the microorganism, and then the organic matter is captured and absorbed by the microorganism, and the problem that the quantity of the microorganism is difficult to detect in the deodorization device can be solved by controlling the dosage proportion of the nutrient solution.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a biological deodorization device, includes sprays absorption tower (2), deodorizing device and exhaust chimney (13), its characterized in that: the device is characterized in that a filter bed (3), a cooling mechanism (14), a humidifying mechanism (15) and a dust removing mechanism (16) are arranged inside the spray absorption tower (2), a gas collecting hood (1) is arranged on the surface of the bottom end of the spray absorption tower (2), the filter bed (3) is arranged at the bottom end inside the spray absorption tower (2), the cooling mechanism (14), the humidifying mechanism (15) and the dust removing mechanism (16) are sequentially arranged at the upper end inside the spray absorption tower (2) according to the installation moment, the humidifying mechanism (15) is arranged between the cooling mechanism (14) and the dust removing mechanism (16), a fan (4) is arranged on one side of the bottom end of the spray absorption tower (2), an outlet is arranged at the top end of the spray absorption tower (2), the outlet of the spray absorption tower (2) is communicated with one end of a deodorizing device through a communicating pipe and the fan (4), a biological drop filter box (8) and a, the outside of the deodorization device is provided with a biological filter (9), the output end of the biological filter (9) is communicated with the circulating spray pump (5) and the deodorization device, one side of the biological filter (9) is provided with a nutrient solution medicine storage tank (11), and the input end of the biological filter (9) is communicated with the nutrient solution medicine storage tank (11) through a nutrient solution metering pump (10).
2. A bio-odour device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the spray absorption tower (2) outside is provided with circulation spray pump (5), alkali and adds medicine measuring pump (6) and alkali storage tank (7), circulation spray pump (5) are connected with filter bed (3) output, and filter bed (3) output passes through circulation spray pump (5) and humidification mechanism (15) intercommunication, and alkali storage tank (7) are connected with filter bed (3) input through alkali with adding medicine measuring pump (6).
3. A bio-odour device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: deodorizing device one side is provided with high-efficient silk screen defroster (12), and deodorizing device output and high-efficient silk screen defroster (12) intercommunication, high-efficient silk screen defroster (12) and exhaust chimney (13) bottom intercommunication.
4. A bio-odour device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the biological trickling filter (8) is internally provided with biological filler which is multi-graded porous biological ball filler, the diameter of the filler is less than or equal to 80mm, the material is PP, and the multi-surface hollow ball has more than 36 petals.
5. A bio-odour device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a salinity meter, a concentration reducing meter and a liquid level meter are arranged in the filter bed (3), and an online pH meter and a liquid level meter are arranged in the biological filter tank (9).
6. A bio-odour device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a methane alarm instrument and a VOCE alarm instrument are arranged between the deodorization device and the high-efficiency wire mesh demister (12), and a hydrogen sulfide alarm instrument, an ammonia gas instrument and a total hydrocarbon instrument are arranged between the high-efficiency wire mesh demister (12) and the exhaust chimney (13).
CN202021531447.9U 2020-07-29 2020-07-29 Biological deodorization device Active CN213643717U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021531447.9U CN213643717U (en) 2020-07-29 2020-07-29 Biological deodorization device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021531447.9U CN213643717U (en) 2020-07-29 2020-07-29 Biological deodorization device

Publications (1)

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CN213643717U true CN213643717U (en) 2021-07-09

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114797422A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-07-29 湖州光正水质净化有限公司 Waste water odor treatment system
CN114797422B (en) * 2022-03-18 2024-04-02 湖州光正水质净化有限公司 Wastewater odor treatment system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114797422A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-07-29 湖州光正水质净化有限公司 Waste water odor treatment system
CN114797422B (en) * 2022-03-18 2024-04-02 湖州光正水质净化有限公司 Wastewater odor treatment system

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