CN213537568U - Flocculation, floating and sinking integrated device - Google Patents

Flocculation, floating and sinking integrated device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213537568U
CN213537568U CN202022324983.8U CN202022324983U CN213537568U CN 213537568 U CN213537568 U CN 213537568U CN 202022324983 U CN202022324983 U CN 202022324983U CN 213537568 U CN213537568 U CN 213537568U
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sedimentation tank
flocculation
slag
sediment
integrated device
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CN202022324983.8U
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赵岗
梁智娟
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Tianjin Ziyuan Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Tianjin Ziyuan Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a sewage treatment device technical field discloses a flocculation and flotation integrative device, the power distribution box comprises a box body, the support column, the electrolysis chamber, the sedimentation tank, the plate electrode, the water inlet, the aeration dish, the mud sediment sedimentation tank, the delivery port, second mud sediment sedimentation tank, plate electrode support frame and connecting plate, the top of box is open, the bottom symmetry of box is provided with a plurality of support columns, the electrolysis chamber is cut apart out in the inside left side of box, the sedimentation tank is cut apart out on the inside right side of box, the lower part outside intercommunication of electrolysis chamber has the water inlet, the upper portion outside intercommunication of sedimentation tank has the delivery port, the inside delivery port periphery that is located of sedimentation tank is equipped with the filter screen, the bottom of electrolysis chamber is connected with first mud sediment sedimentation tank, be provided with the aeration dish between first mud sediment sedimentation tank and the electrolysis chamber, vertical symmetry is fixed. The utility model discloses get rid of the function in the time of floater and precipitate in can realizing sewage electric flocculation, improve the treatment effect of getting rid of to pollutant in the sewage.

Description

Flocculation, floating and sinking integrated device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a sewage treatment device technical field especially relates to a flocculation and flotation integrated device.
Background
In sewage treatment, air flotation and sedimentation are traditional water treatment processes. The air flotation is generally used for separating oil or light suspended matters in water, and the principle is that gas is dissolved in water to generate a large amount of micro bubbles, so that floc substances and some fine particles generated by flocculation are combined with the micro bubbles and are removed after being carried to the water surface. The precipitation is generally carried out by combining colloid flocculant with colloid, suspended matter and the like in raw water to generate larger granular floccules and then removing the floccules through precipitation. Lack the water treatment facilities that can have air supporting and deposit the function simultaneously concurrently in the existing market, air supporting, deposit and need split type setting or arrange in proper order, this kind of arrangement mode not only area is great, the construction cost is high and the later stage drops into the operation maintenance work load big.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the utility model aims to provide a flocculation and flotation integrated device, which can realize the removal of floaters and sediments in sewage electric flocculation, and improve the removal treatment effect of pollutants in sewage.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes: a flocculation, flotation and sedimentation integrated device comprises a box body, supporting columns, an electrolytic chamber, a sedimentation tank, electrode plates, a water inlet, an aeration disc, a sludge sedimentation tank, a water outlet, a second sludge sedimentation tank, an electrode plate supporting frame and a connecting plate, wherein the top of the box body is open, the bottom of the box body is symmetrically provided with a plurality of supporting columns, the left side inside the box body is divided into the electrolytic chamber, the right side inside the box body is divided into the sedimentation tank, the outer side of the lower part of the electrolytic chamber is communicated with the water inlet, the outer side of the upper part of the sedimentation tank is communicated with the water outlet, the periphery of the water outlet at the inner part of the sedimentation tank is provided with a filter screen, the bottom of the electrolytic chamber is connected with a first sludge sedimentation tank, the aeration disc is arranged between the first sludge sedimentation tank and the electrolytic chamber, a plurality of electrode plate supporting frames, the electrode plate is connected with a connecting plate, the upper part of the sedimentation tank is provided with a slag scraping assembly, and the bottom of the sedimentation tank is connected with a second sludge sedimentation tank.
Further, scrape the sediment subassembly including scraping sediment machine, drive division, scum board and storage tank, scrape the top that the sediment machine level set up at the sedimentation tank, the setting of scum board liftable is in the bottom of scraping the sediment machine, the drive division is fixed and is followed outward on the top of sedimentation tank, the drive division drive is scraped the sediment machine and is installed the storage tank in the top reciprocating motion of sedimentation tank, sedimentation tank upper portion is located the outside of filter screen, the bottom of storage tank is provided with row cinder notch.
Furthermore, the slag feeding sliding plate is installed on one side, located on the electrolytic chamber, of the outer side of the top end of the slag storage box, the slag feeding sliding plate is arranged in a downward inclined mode from the top end of the slag storage box, and the slag scraping plate is matched with the slag feeding sliding plate for use. The lower part of the slag scraping plate is bent into an arc shape towards one side of the electrolytic chamber.
Furthermore, the first sludge sedimentation tank and the second sludge sedimentation tank are both inverted trapezoid or funnel-shaped sedimentation tanks. The bottom of first mud sediment sedimentation tank is provided with first mud discharging port, the bottom of second mud sediment sedimentation tank is provided with the second mud discharging port.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
1. the utility model discloses a flocculation and flotation integrative device utilizes the metal cation that forms behind the circular telegram between the electrode plate and the OH-in the solution-generates metal hydroxide colloid flocculating agent, and this kind of new ecological hydroxide activity is high, adsorption efficiency is strong, combines to generate great floccule body with colloid, suspended solid, soluble pollutant, bacterium, virus etc. in the former aquatic, gets rid of it after deposiing, air supporting. And the water is electrolyzed by electrifying the electrode plates, hydrogen and oxygen are respectively separated out on the cathode and the anode, so that micro bubbles with extremely high dispersion degree are generated and adhered to the water surface together with pollutants such as colloid, emulsion and the like in the raw water to be removed, and the removal effect of the pollutants in the sewage is improved through the comprehensive action of the micro bubbles and the pollutants.
2. The utility model discloses a flocculation and flotation integrated device utilizes the drive division to drive and scrapes the sediment machine at the top reciprocating motion of sedimentation tank, scrapes the sediment machine and drives the scum board and promote the showy conglomeration pollutant in sedimentation tank upper portion to the one side motion of sediment case, and the in-process of scum board motion is through crooked arc lower part and last sediment slide contact, and the conglomeration pollutant is pushed to the sediment incasement along last sediment slide, then discharges through the row's cinder notch of the bottom setting of sediment case to get rid of when realizing floater and precipitate in the electric flocculation.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the flocculation, flotation and sedimentation integrated device of the utility model.
In the figure: 1. a box body; 2. a support pillar; 3. an electrolysis chamber; 4. a sedimentation tank; 5. an electrode plate; 6. a water inlet; 7. an aeration disc; 8. a first sludge settling tank; 9. a water outlet; 10. a second sludge settling tank; 11. a second sludge discharge port; 12. a first sludge discharge port; 13. a filter screen; 14. a slag scraper; 15. a drive section; 16. a slag scraping plate; 17. an electrode plate support frame; 18. a connecting plate; 19. a slag storage tank; 20. a slag discharge port; 21. a slag feeding sliding plate.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description, and it should be noted that the embodiments or technical features described below can be arbitrarily combined to form a new embodiment without conflict.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, the utility model discloses a flocculation, flotation and sedimentation integrated device, including box 1, support column 2, electrolysis chamber 3, sedimentation tank 4, plate electrode 5, water inlet 6, aeration dish 7, mud sediment sedimentation tank 8, delivery port 9, second mud sediment sedimentation tank 10, plate electrode support frame 17 and connecting plate 18, box 1 in this embodiment is provided with open-ended rectangle box 1 for the top, is provided with four support columns 2 in the bottom symmetry of box 1. The left side of the inside of the box body 1 is divided into an electrolytic chamber 3 for generating an electric flocculation reaction and air flotation decontamination, and the right side of the inside of the box body 1 is divided into a sedimentation tank 4 for settling impurities in water. The lower part outside intercommunication of electrolysis chamber 3 has water inlet 6, through being connected the transport raw water with outside pipeline or water pump, and the upper portion outside intercommunication of sedimentation tank 4 has delivery port 9 for discharge water after the flocculation scrubbing, and sedimentation tank 4 is inside to be located delivery port 9 periphery and to be equipped with filter screen 13, is used for filtering the impurity of aquatic. The bottom of the electrolysis chamber 3 is connected with a first sludge sedimentation tank 8, an aeration disc 7 is arranged between the first sludge sedimentation tank 8 and the electrolysis chamber 3, the aeration disc 7 is connected with an external aeration pump through a pipeline to convey air in the electrolysis chamber 3,the chemical reaction in the electrolytic chamber 3 is strengthened, and the BOD in the stock solution can be improved5And COD, ammonia nitrogen and other substances.
Four electrode plate supporting frames 17 are vertically and symmetrically fixed in the electrolytic chamber 3, an electrode plate 5 is installed between the electrode plate supporting frames 17, a connecting plate 18 is connected onto the electrode plate 5, the connecting plate 18 is connected with an external lead and used for supplying power, the anode electrode plate in the embodiment uses an iron plate, after direct current is conducted between the electrode plates 5, and after the anode loses electrons, metal cations Fe2+ are formed and generate metal hydroxide colloid flocculant with OH-in solution, the nascent state hydroxide has high activity and strong adsorption capacity, and can be removed after precipitation and air floatation with colloid, suspended matters, soluble pollutants, bacteria, viruses and the like in raw water, and the anode electrode plate can also use other materials such as aluminum plates. When the electrode plates 5 are electrified, water is electrolyzed, hydrogen and oxygen are respectively separated out on the cathode and the anode, and the generated gas appears in the form of micro bubbles with extremely high dispersion degree and is adhered with pollutants such as colloid, emulsion and the like in the raw water to rise to the water surface to be removed. The bubbles generated by the electric flocculation are far smaller than those generated by the pressurized air floatation, so that the air floatation capability is stronger, and the pollutant removal effect is better.
The bottom of the sedimentation tank 4 is connected with a second sludge sedimentation tank 10, one part of the larger floccules generated in the electrolytic chamber 3 is directly settled in the first sludge sedimentation tank 8, and the other part of the larger floccules enters the sedimentation tank 4 and then settles in the second sludge sedimentation tank 10. Wherein first mud sediment sedimentation tank 8, second mud sediment sedimentation tank 10 are down trapezoidal or infundibulate sedimentation tank, and the impurity of being convenient for is provided with first mud discharging port 12 to sedimentation tank bottom gathering, the bottom of first mud sediment sedimentation tank 8, and the bottom of second mud sediment sedimentation tank 10 is provided with second mud discharging port 11, and the mud discharging port is connected with outside dredge pump for mud such as the floccule body of discharge sedimentation tank bottom gathering.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 1, the utility model discloses a flocculation and flotation integrated device still installs on the upper portion of sedimentation tank 4 and scrapes the sediment subassembly, scrape the sediment subassembly including scraping sediment machine 14, drive division 15, scrape slag plate 16 and storage tank 19, scrape 14 levels of sediment machine and set up on the top of sedimentation tank 4, the sediment machine is scraped to the chain formula that scrapes commonly used among the sediment machine 14 use prior art in this embodiment, it can drive 16 levels of scraping the slag plate and vertical to the motion, drive division 15 is fixed and is followed outside the top of sedimentation tank 4, drive division 15 in this embodiment uses the reciprocal rolling machine of chain formula commonly used among the prior art, the drive scrapes the top reciprocating motion of sediment machine 14 at sedimentation tank 4. Sediment case 19 is installed in the outside that 4 upper portions of sedimentation tank lie in filter screen 13, and sediment slide 21 is installed to one side that the top outside of sediment case 19 lies in electrolysis chamber 3, goes up sediment slide 21 from the top downward sloping setting of sediment case 19, and the scum board 16 uses with last sediment slide 21 cooperation, and the scum board 16 is the elastic plastic material, and the lower part of scum board 16 is crooked into the arc to one side of electrolysis chamber 3.
Referring to fig. 1, when the slag scraping assembly works, the chain type reciprocating winding machine drives the chain type slag scraping machine to reciprocate at the top end of the sedimentation tank 4, the chain type slag scraping machine drives the slag scraping plate 16 to push floating conglomerate pollutants on the upper portion of the sedimentation tank 4 to move towards the slag storage box 19 from the left side to the right side in the moving process, the conglomerate pollutants are pushed into the slag storage box 19 along the upper slag sliding plate 21 through the contact of the curved arc-shaped lower portion and the upper slag sliding plate 21 in the moving process of the slag scraping plate 16, and then the conglomerate pollutants are discharged through a slag discharge port 20 formed in the bottom end of the slag storage box 19.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. A flocculation, floating and sinking integrated device is characterized in that: comprises a box body (1), supporting columns (2), an electrolytic chamber (3), a sedimentation tank (4), an electrode plate (5), a water inlet (6), an aeration disc (7), a sludge sedimentation tank (8), a water outlet (9), a second sludge sedimentation tank (10), an electrode plate supporting frame (17) and a connecting plate (18), wherein the top of the box body (1) is open, the bottom of the box body (1) is symmetrically provided with a plurality of supporting columns (2), the left side inside the box body (1) is divided into the electrolytic chamber (3), the right side inside the box body (1) is divided into the sedimentation tank (4), the outer side of the lower part of the electrolytic chamber (3) is communicated with the water inlet (6), the outer side of the upper part of the sedimentation tank (4) is communicated with the water outlet (9), a filter screen (13) is arranged at the periphery of the water outlet (9) inside the sedimentation tank (4), and the bottom of the electrolytic chamber (3) is connected, be provided with aeration dish (7) between first mud sediment sedimentation tank (8) and electrolysis chamber (3), vertical symmetry is fixed with a plurality of electrode plate support frames (17) in electrolysis chamber (3), install electrode plate (5) between electrode plate support frame (17), be connected with connecting plate (18) on electrode plate (5), the upper portion of sedimentation tank (4) is installed and is scraped the sediment subassembly, sedimentation tank (4) bottom is connected with second mud sediment sedimentation tank (10).
2. The flocculation and flotation integrated device of claim 1, wherein: scrape the sediment subassembly including scraping sediment machine (14), drive division (15), scum board (16) and storage case (19), scrape the top that sediment machine (14) level set up at sedimentation tank (4), the setting of scum board (16) liftable is in the bottom of scraping sediment machine (14), edge outside the top of sedimentation tank (4) is fixed in drive division (15), drive division (15) drive is scraped sediment machine (14) and is installed storage case (19) in the top reciprocating motion of sedimentation tank (4), sedimentation tank (4) upper portion is located the outside of filter screen (13).
3. The flocculation and flotation integrated device of claim 2, wherein: and a slag feeding sliding plate (21) is arranged on one side, which is positioned on the electrolytic chamber (3), of the outer side of the top end of the slag storage box (19), the slag feeding sliding plate (21) is arranged in a downward inclined mode from the top end of the slag storage box (19), and a slag scraping plate (16) is matched with the slag feeding sliding plate (21) for use.
4. The flocculation and flotation integrated device of claim 3, wherein: the slag scraping plate (16) is made of elastic plastic, and the lower part of the slag scraping plate (16) is bent into an arc shape towards one side of the electrolytic chamber (3).
5. The flocculation and flotation integrated device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the first sludge sedimentation tank (8) and the second sludge sedimentation tank (10) are both inverted trapezoid or funnel-shaped sedimentation tanks.
6. The flocculation and flotation integrated device of claim 5, wherein: the bottom of the first sludge sedimentation tank (8) is provided with a first sludge discharge port (12), and the bottom of the second sludge sedimentation tank (10) is provided with a second sludge discharge port (11).
7. A flocculation and flotation integrated device according to any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein: the bottom end of the slag storage box (19) is provided with a slag discharge port (20).
CN202022324983.8U 2020-10-19 2020-10-19 Flocculation, floating and sinking integrated device Active CN213537568U (en)

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CN202022324983.8U CN213537568U (en) 2020-10-19 2020-10-19 Flocculation, floating and sinking integrated device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022324983.8U CN213537568U (en) 2020-10-19 2020-10-19 Flocculation, floating and sinking integrated device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2023078105A1 (en) * 2021-11-08 2023-05-11 上海特瑞思材料科技有限公司 Sewage treatment system and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2023078105A1 (en) * 2021-11-08 2023-05-11 上海特瑞思材料科技有限公司 Sewage treatment system and method

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