CN213283096U - Household cervical screening cell sampling brush - Google Patents

Household cervical screening cell sampling brush Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213283096U
CN213283096U CN202021248533.9U CN202021248533U CN213283096U CN 213283096 U CN213283096 U CN 213283096U CN 202021248533 U CN202021248533 U CN 202021248533U CN 213283096 U CN213283096 U CN 213283096U
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China
Prior art keywords
brush
holder stud
cervical
interior pole
rod
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CN202021248533.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄磊
张庆华
刘玲
陈宏伟
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Central Hospital of Wuhan
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Central Hospital of Wuhan
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a family is from using cervical examination cell sampling brush, including interior pole and cover outer tube of pole in, the one end of interior pole is equipped with the handle, and the other end is equipped with the brush-holder stud, the brush-holder stud is high elasticity rubber material, the diameter of brush-holder stud is less than the diameter of interior pole, be equipped with the brush hair of a plurality of silica gel materials on the brush-holder stud, the brush hair is the heliciform and distributes the top of brush-holder stud, on the outer tube with the top that the brush-holder stud is in one side is equipped with the perforation, the top border of outer tube is convex. The utility model discloses need not to draw materials to the gynaecology outpatient service specially, the patient can use by oneself, can guarantee smooth-going range and the degree of accuracy that improves the cell sample when not arousing patient uncomfortable in inserting the vagina, easy operation.

Description

Household cervical screening cell sampling brush
The technical field is as follows:
the utility model relates to the technical field of medical equipment, concretely relates to family is from using cervical examination cell sample brush.
Background art:
china is a big country with cervical cancer, and newly published Chinese data in 2018 show 111,000 new cases of cervical cancer and 34,000 death cases of cervical cancer. The low cancer screening rate of cervical cancer is a main reason for high incidence, high late stage rate and high mortality of cervical cancer.
The conventional cervical cancer prevention screening can only be carried out in a hospital, and registration and queuing are required; the gynecological doctors take samples, the vaginal specula is needed, and most women are very frightened, painful and uncomfortable to use the vaginal specula. This is an important reason that the cervical cancer screening rate is very low in China. Especially for postmenopausal women, if vaginal bleeding and abnormal liquid drainage symptoms do not exist, patients do not go to hospitals basically to screen cervical cancer, and more postmenopausal women become cervical cancer target groups.
Cervical cell sampling screening is the important means that prevention cervical cancer takes place, the cervical brush is the cervical cell sampling apparatus of commonly used, at present, the collection work of cervical cell is gathered by medical staff of gynaecology and obstetrics usually, the mode of gathering is exactly to use the cervical brush to take a sample, traditional cervical brush simple structure function, and need use the vagina speculum earlier to strut the vagina, use the cervical brush again to brush the brush and wipe in order to take a sample to the cell department of cervix, patient's pain has not only been increased, the operation is also very inconvenient. Some types of cervical brushes can be directly inserted into the vagina to sample, and a patient can operate the cervical brushes by himself, but in the process of inserting the cervical brushes into the vagina, the brush bristles can firstly contact with cells on the vaginal wall and vaginal secretions, the cells at the cervix cannot be accurately sampled, the cells can be scraped off in the process of pulling out, the sampling number of the cervical cells is small, and the examination effect is influenced due to the interference of many other cells. Patent application number is ZL 201821479780.2's patent is through setting up the arc overhead gage on the opening that outer tube and screw thread form were arranged outside the cervical brush for when taking a sample to the gynaecology patient, can carry out the spiral and insert, realize the control of depth of insertion and dynamics, can effectually avoid inserting the discomfort that causes the people body or the soft vagina wall of fish tail, push out the cervical brush during the sample again. However, the width of the cervical brush with the structure is smaller than the diameter of the outer sleeve to ensure that the cervical brush can be retracted into the outer sleeve, the contact area between the cervical brush and the cervix is small, the sampling range is small, and the sampling accuracy is influenced; and the brush hair is required to rotate towards a specific direction during sampling so as to ensure that the brush hair is exposed out of the side wall of the outer sleeve for sampling, the correct sampling cannot be carried out due to the error of the rotating direction, and the use is troublesome.
The utility model has the following contents:
technical problem to be solved
The utility model aims at providing a family is from using cervical examination cell sample brush for the patient carries out cervical or vaginal cell sample by oneself, can improve the scope and the degree of accuracy of cell sample when guaranteeing smooth-going insert not arousing patient uncomfortable in the vagina, and it is little to solve current sampling device sampling range, the not high problem of the degree of accuracy of taking a sample.
The technical scheme is as follows:
in order to solve the technical problem, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a family is from using cervical screening cell sample brush, includes interior pole and cover outer tube in the pole, the one end of interior pole is equipped with the handle, and the other end is equipped with the brush-holder stud, the diameter of brush-holder stud is less than the diameter of interior pole, the brush-holder stud is the high elasticity rubber material, be equipped with the brush hair of a plurality of silica gel materials on the brush-holder stud, the brush hair is the heliciform and distributes the top of brush-holder stud, on the outer tube with the top that the brush-holder stud is in one side is equipped with the perforation, the top border of outer tube is.
The outer sleeve is used for protecting the brush rod and the bristles when being inserted into a vagina, the top end edge of the outer sleeve is arc-shaped, scraping on the vaginal wall is avoided, discomfort of a patient is caused, the inner rod can be pushed when the outer sleeve is inserted into the vagina and approaches to a cervical part, the handle slides along the outer sleeve to enable the brush rod to penetrate through the perforation and extend out of the outer sleeve, the brush rod can deform after propping against the cervix, the bristles are unfolded to improve the contact area with the cervical part, the bristles can rotationally scrape the cervix by rotating the brush holder to sample cervical cells, after sampling is finished, the handle is pulled to enable the brush rod to be retracted into the outer sleeve, the outer sleeve is taken out of the vagina, and the brush rod is not contacted with the vaginal wall when the outer sleeve is inserted into and taken out of the vagina, and the phenomenon that the secretion and the cells of the vaginal wall pollute the sampled cells and influence the detection accuracy is avoided.
Further, the brush-holder stud with be equipped with the threaded rod between the handle, the threaded rod is connected with the sampling bottle, the bottleneck department of sampling bottle be equipped with threaded rod complex internal thread, the brush-holder stud sample can pass through after finishing through the threaded rod is rotatory to be twisted the sampling bottle, it is right the sampling bottle seals, guarantees that the sample cell is not contaminated, improves the detection accuracy.
Further, the brush-holder stud with be equipped with the connecting rod between the interior pole, the diameter of connecting rod is less than fenestrate diameter, be equipped with on the interior pole with outer tube complex piston piece, the connecting rod be used for with the brush-holder stud stretches out the perforation guarantees the brush-holder stud is inseparable with the laminating of cervical, the piston piece is used for improving interior pole with frictional force between the outer tube prevents when the sample operation interior pole is in freely sliding in the outer tube.
Furthermore, be equipped with the scale on the outer tube, can be right the length that the outer tube inserted in the vagina marks, be convenient for medical personnel or patient judge the depth of insertion of outer tube.
(III) the beneficial effects are as follows:
compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses the beneficial effect who produces is: through setting up interior pole and the outer sleeve pipe of the cover in interior pole, the top of interior pole sets up the brush-holder stud of high elasticity rubber material, set up the brush hair that a plurality of roots are the silica gel material of heliciform distribution on the brush-holder stud, the patient can operate by oneself and take a sample, and in the sampling process, the brush-holder stud does not contact with vaginal wall, avoid vaginal wall secretion and cell to lead to the fact the pollution to cervical sample cell, influence the sample degree of accuracy, cervical deformation increase area of contact can be hugged closely to the brush-holder stud simultaneously, cell sample scope and sample volume are effectively improved.
Description of the drawings:
in order to more clearly illustrate the technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the whole structure of the inner rod of the household cervical screening cell sampling brush according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a home-use cervical screening cell sampling brush according to an embodiment of the present invention when retracted;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a home-use cervical screening cell sampling brush according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a home-use cervical screening cell sampling brush according to an embodiment of the present invention during storage;
in the figure: 1. an inner rod; 2. an outer sleeve; 3. a handle; 4. a brush bar; 5. brushing; 6. perforating; 7. a threaded rod; 8. sampling a bottle; 9. an internal thread; 10. a connecting rod; 11. piston block
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3 and fig. 4, a household cervical screening cell sampling brush for self-use comprises an inner rod 1 and an outer sleeve 2 sleeved outside the inner rod 1, wherein one end of the inner rod 1 is provided with a handle 3, the other end of the inner rod is provided with a brush rod 4, the diameter of the brush rod 4 is smaller than that of the inner rod 1, the brush rod 4 is made of high-elasticity rubber, a plurality of bristles 5 made of silica gel are arranged on the brush rod 4, the bristles 5 are spirally distributed at the top end of the brush rod 4, a through hole 6 is formed in the top end, on one side of the outer sleeve 2, of the brush rod 4, and the top.
Preferably, be equipped with threaded rod 7 between brush-holder stud 4 and the handle 3, threaded rod 7 is connected with sampling bottle 8, sampling bottle 8's bottleneck department be equipped with threaded rod 7 complex internal thread 9, brush-holder stud 4 sample can pass through the rotatory sample bottle 8 of twisting of threaded rod 7 after finishing, seal sampling bottle 8, guarantee that the sample cell is not contaminated, improve the detection accuracy.
Preferably, be equipped with connecting rod 10 between brush-holder stud 4 and the interior pole 1, the diameter of connecting rod 10 is less than the diameter of perforation 6, is equipped with on the interior pole 1 with outer tube 2 complex piston block 11, and connecting rod 10 is used for stretching out brush-holder stud 4 perforation 6, guarantees that brush-holder stud 4 and cervical laminating are inseparable, and piston block 11 is used for improving the frictional force between interior pole 1 and outer tube 2, prevents that interior pole 1 from freely sliding in outer tube 2 during the sampling operation.
Preferably, the outer cannula 2 is provided with scales, so that the length of the outer cannula 2 inserted into the vagina can be marked, and the medical staff or the patient can conveniently judge the insertion depth of the outer cannula 2.
The use method of the household cervical screening cell sampling brush of the utility model is as follows:
when a patient carries out cervical cell sampling through self operation or assistance of family members, the front end of an outer sleeve 2 is inserted into the vagina of the patient, at the moment, an inner rod 1 moves along with the outer sleeve 2, when the outer sleeve 2 is inserted into the vagina and approaches to the cervical part, the inner rod 1 slides in the outer sleeve 2 by pushing a handle 3, a brush rod 4 passes through a perforation 6 and extends out of the outer sleeve 2, the brush rod 4 is contacted with the cervix and deforms, the contact area is increased, bristles 5 can rotate to scrape the cervix by rotating the handle 3 to sample cervical cells, after the sampling is finished, the handle 3 is pulled to withdraw the brush rod 4 into the outer sleeve 2, then the outer sleeve 2 is taken out from the vagina, the phenomenon that secretion and cells of the vaginal wall pollute the sampled cells and influence the inspection accuracy is avoided, the inner rod 1 is taken out of the outer sleeve 2, and one ends of the brush rod 4 and the bristles 5 extend into a sampling, through screwing threaded rod 7 into internal thread 9 and sealing up sampling bottle 8, guarantee that sampling bottle 8 interior sample cell is not contaminated, according to patient's age and the difference of size of the body, different size models can be made to brush-holder stud 4 and outer tube 2, are convenient for choose for use. The control of the insertion depth and the force can be realized by inserting the outer sleeve 2 in a spiral manner in the sampling process, the discomfort of the body or the scratch of the soft vaginal wall caused by the insertion can be effectively avoided, the soft vaginal wall can be touched with the cervix after 7-10cm of the vaginal wall enters the vagina, the brush rod 4 is pushed out for sampling when resistance exists, the diameter of the brush rod 4 is smaller than that of the outer sleeve 2, the brush rod is ensured to be firstly retracted into the outer sleeve 2 when entering the vagina, the brush rod rotates 8-10 circles in a specific direction during sampling, the sampling is correct, and the exfoliated cells of the vaginal wall, the cervix and the fornix part of the cervix can be collected as much.
To sum up, the utility model provides a family is from using cervical examination cell sampling brush for the patient carries out cervical or vaginal cell sample by oneself, can improve the scope and the degree of accuracy of cell sample when guaranteeing smooth-going insert not arousing patient uncomfortable in the vagina, and it is little to solve current sampling device sampling range, the not high problem of the degree of accuracy of taking a sample.
The present invention has been described above by way of example, but the present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments, and any modification or variation based on the present invention is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a family is from using cervical screening cell sampling brush, includes interior pole and cover the outer tube outside interior pole, its characterized in that: the one end of interior pole is equipped with the handle, and the other end is equipped with the brush-holder stud, the diameter of brush-holder stud is less than the diameter of interior pole, the brush-holder stud is the high elasticity rubber material, be equipped with the brush hair of a plurality of silica gel materials on the brush-holder stud, the brush hair is the heliciform and distributes the top of brush-holder stud, on the outer tube with the top that the brush-holder stud is in one side is equipped with the perforation, the top border of outer tube is convex.
2. The home-use cervical screening cell sampling brush of claim 1, wherein: the brush-holder stud with be equipped with the threaded rod between the handle, the threaded rod is connected with the sample bottle, the bottleneck department of sample bottle be equipped with threaded rod complex internal thread.
3. The home-use cervical screening cell sampling brush of claim 1, wherein: a connecting rod is arranged between the brush rod and the inner rod, the diameter of the connecting rod is smaller than that of the through hole, and a piston block matched with the outer sleeve is arranged on the inner rod.
4. The home-use cervical screening cell sampling brush of claim 1, wherein: the outer sleeve is provided with scales.
CN202021248533.9U 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 Household cervical screening cell sampling brush Active CN213283096U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021248533.9U CN213283096U (en) 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 Household cervical screening cell sampling brush

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021248533.9U CN213283096U (en) 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 Household cervical screening cell sampling brush

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213283096U true CN213283096U (en) 2021-05-28

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ID=76018807

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021248533.9U Active CN213283096U (en) 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 Household cervical screening cell sampling brush

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN213283096U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2023155335A1 (en) * 2022-02-16 2023-08-24 津泰(天津)医疗器械有限公司 Visual self-sampling cervical cell sampler

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2023155335A1 (en) * 2022-02-16 2023-08-24 津泰(天津)医疗器械有限公司 Visual self-sampling cervical cell sampler

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