CN213165993U - Prefabricated part production mould - Google Patents

Prefabricated part production mould Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213165993U
CN213165993U CN202021451353.0U CN202021451353U CN213165993U CN 213165993 U CN213165993 U CN 213165993U CN 202021451353 U CN202021451353 U CN 202021451353U CN 213165993 U CN213165993 U CN 213165993U
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die
elastic layer
mold
magnetic
shaped plate
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CN202021451353.0U
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廖冬辉
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Guangdong Ruizhu Residential Technology Co ltd
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Guangdong Ruizhu Residential Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a prefabricated component production mould, include: the side die comprises an upper die and a lower die which are arranged up and down, wherein a first elastic layer is arranged on the lower surface of the upper die, and a second elastic layer is arranged on the upper surface of the lower die; the magnetic force pressing and fixing device comprises a magnetic box and an L-shaped plate arranged on the magnetic box, and the L-shaped plate is in compression joint with the side die. The utility model can prevent concrete from overflowing from the side mould; the mode of combining the upper die and the lower die can prevent slurry leakage and avoid rib holes from being formed in the side die, so that the processing difficulty of the side die is reduced, and the side die does not need to be aligned with the rib holes when placing reinforcing steel bars, so that the production efficiency is improved; in addition, the magnetic force pressing and fixing device is fixed on the die table through the magnetic box, and the side die is pressed and fixed through the L-shaped plate so as to press and fix the upper die on the lower die from top to bottom, so that the stability of the assembled upper die and the lower die in the production process is enhanced, and the sealing property between the first elastic layer and the second elastic layer can be improved.

Description

Prefabricated part production mould
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building mould technical field, in particular to prefabricated component production mould.
Background
The development of building industrialization technology promotes the production of concrete prefabricated parts, and the production of the prefabricated parts needs a mould, particularly a laminated floor slab and a wallboard with ribs, and the mould needs a rib structure.
Taking a prefabricated composite floor slab as an example, the production process is described as follows: fix the side forms on the bench formwork, the rib hole is opened out according to the drawing interval to the side forms, the equipment shaping mould is put into to reinforcement ligature shaping, the reinforcing bar goes out the muscle part and puts into out the muscle hole, then pour concrete and vibrate closely densely to the mould in, concrete placement vibrates the in-process and spills over easily at reinforcing bar play muscle hole position, treat that concrete curing accomplishes and reach the design intensity after, do not tear open well when demolising the mould, cause the side forms to warp easily with the hammering side forms, and spill over difficult follow side forms clean up of thick liquids, even the clearance also can produce building rubbish, influence the operation district health.
The traditional method is to use a sponge strip for temporary plugging, but the workload of plugging is large in each production, the plugging is not tight, and plugging materials are easy to displace, so that the problem that concrete overflows from a rib outlet hole of a side formwork cannot be effectively solved, and the production efficiency of the prefabricated part is reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a prefabricated component production mould aims at solving the technical problem who how to improve floor production efficiency.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a prefabricated component production mould includes:
the side die comprises an upper die and a lower die which are arranged up and down, wherein a first elastic layer is arranged on the lower surface of the upper die, and a second elastic layer is arranged on the upper surface of the lower die;
and the magnetic force pressing and fixing device comprises a magnetic box and an L-shaped plate arranged on the magnetic box, and the L-shaped plate is in compression joint with the side die.
Preferably, one end of the L-shaped plate is fixedly connected with the magnetic box, and a through hole is formed in the first plate, which is in compression joint with the side die, of the L-shaped plate.
Preferably, the magnetic cassettes are respectively abutted against one sides of the upper die and the lower die.
Preferably, the first elastic layer or the second elastic layer is made of foam materials.
Preferably, the prefabricated part production mold further comprises a magnetic fixing device connected with the lower mold.
Preferably, the bottom side of the lower die is provided with an installation groove, and the magnetic fixing device is arranged in the installation groove.
Preferably, a fixing hole is formed in the top side of the mounting groove, the fixing hole penetrates through the upper surface of the lower die, and the magnetic fixing device is connected with the lower die through a fastener.
Preferably, the second elastic layer is provided with a yielding hole corresponding to the fixing hole, and the upper surface of the second elastic layer protrudes out of the top of the fastener.
Preferably, the upper die is a hollow structure.
Preferably, the number of the side forms is multiple, and the side forms are connected in pairs to enclose a casting space.
Preferably, the plurality of side forms include a first side form and a second side form which are adjacent to each other, an end of the first side form is connected to the second side form, and a connection position is adjustable in a length direction of the second side form.
The utility model discloses prefabricated component production mould forms the shrink clearance through setting up first elastic layer and second elastic layer between last mould and lower mould behind first elastic layer and the second elastic layer butt to the tip of reinforcing bar can pass the shrink clearance, and the shrink clearance can be through the automatic closure of deformability of first elastic layer and second elastic layer self, in order to prevent that the concrete from getting into, thereby can prevent that the concrete from spilling over from the side forms. The mode of combining the upper die and the lower die can prevent slurry leakage and avoid rib holes from being formed in the side die, so that the processing difficulty of the side die is reduced, and the side die does not need to be aligned with the rib holes when placing reinforcing steel bars, so that the production efficiency is improved; in addition, the magnetic force pressing and fixing device is fixed on the die table through the magnetic box, and the side die is pressed and fixed through the L-shaped plate so as to press and fix the upper die on the lower die from top to bottom, so that the stability of the assembled upper die and the lower die in the production process is enhanced, and the sealing property between the first elastic layer and the second elastic layer can be improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the structures shown in the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment of a side form of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of another embodiment of the side form of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the side form of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of the side form of the present invention assembled on the die table.
The reference numbers illustrate:
reference numerals Name (R) Reference numerals Name (R) Reference numerals Name (R)
10 Upper die 11 A first elastic layer 20 Lower die
21 Second elastic layer 12 Shrinkage gap 30 Magnetic fixing device
22 Mounting groove 40 Mould platform 50 Magnetic pressing device
60 Pouring space 13 First side form 14 Second side form
51 Magnetic box 52 L-shaped plate 521 Through hole
The objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that, if directional indications (such as upper, lower, left, right, front and rear … …) are involved in the embodiment of the present invention, the directional indications are only used to explain the relative position relationship between the components, the motion situation, etc. in a specific posture (as shown in the drawings), and if the specific posture is changed, the directional indications are changed accordingly.
In addition, if there is a description relating to "first", "second", etc. in the embodiments of the present invention, the description of "first", "second", etc. is for descriptive purposes only and is not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In addition, the meaning of "and/or" appearing throughout is to include three juxtapositions, exemplified by "A and/or B," including either the A or B arrangement, or both A and B satisfied arrangement. In addition, the technical solutions in the embodiments may be combined with each other, but it must be based on the realization of those skilled in the art, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, the combination of the technical solutions should not be considered to exist, and is not within the protection scope of the present invention.
The utility model provides a prefabricated component production mould.
In an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 1 to 4, the prefabricated part production mold includes: the side die comprises an upper die 10 and a lower die 20 which are arranged up and down, wherein a first elastic layer 11 is arranged on the lower surface of the upper die 10, and a second elastic layer 21 is arranged on the upper surface of the lower die 20; the magnetic force pressing and fixing device 50 comprises a magnetic box 51 and an L-shaped plate 52 arranged on the magnetic box, and the L-shaped plate 52 is in press connection with the side die.
In this embodiment, during the use of the side form, the lower dies 20 are fixed on the die table 40 and enclose to form the casting space 60, the reinforcing mesh is placed in the casting space 60, the ends of the reinforcing mesh are lapped on the second elastic layer 21 to form the rib forming structure, and the upper die 10 is fixed on the top of the lower die 20, the first elastic layer 11 is pressed on the second elastic layer 21, and the rib forming structure is fixed in the contraction gap 12 formed by the first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21. After the upper die 10 is fixed, concrete is injected into the pouring space 60, and at the moment, the upper die 10, the lower die 20, the first elastic layer 21 and the first elastic layer 11 play a role in stopping and limiting the concrete towards the side wall of the pouring space 60 so as to shape the concrete; the first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 have elastic deformability, and after the upper mold 10 is pressed and fixed to the lower mold 20, the contraction gap 12 is closed by the deformation of the first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21, so that the concrete cannot overflow from the contraction gap 12. Because the end of the steel bar is positioned in the contraction gap 12 and the concrete can not enter the contraction gap 12, after the concrete is solidified, the side forms are removed to obtain the precast floor slab of the embedded steel bar required by the building operation.
The first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 may be made of rubber materials or foam materials, and the sealing effect and the elastic deformation capability of the first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 are not limited to the above requirements. The side forms have a certain length, the bar outlet structures of the reinforcing mesh can be arranged at intervals along the length direction of the side forms, and the first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 can be arranged in a plurality of numbers and arranged at intervals along the length direction of the side forms so as to correspond to the bar outlet structures; the rib structure can also be directly extended along the length direction of the side die, and the limitation is not required, and the rib structure can be effectively positioned in the contraction gap 12. The upper and lower molds 10 and 20 may be made of aluminum metal to improve structural strength and reduce costs. The length of the upper die 10 is equal to that of the lower die 20, so that the processing difficulty is reduced, and the utilization rate is improved.
The magnetic press-fixing device 50 is used for press-fixing the upper die 10 to the lower die 20 and simultaneously press-fixing the side die integrally to the die table. Wherein, magnetism box 51 is fixed in the mould platform 40 through magnetic force, and L template 52 is connected in magnetism box 51 and the crimping is in the upper surface of last mould 10 to from the top down go up mould 10 and press from top to bottom and fix in lower mould 20, from this, both strengthened the steadiness in the production process after last mould 10 and lower mould 20 assemble, can improve the leakproofness between first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 again. The L-shaped plate 52 is pressed on the upper surface of the upper die 10, which not only increases the stress area of the upper die 10, but also makes the stress part of the upper die 10 more uniform, so as to improve the pressing effect.
The utility model discloses prefabricated component production mould forms shrink clearance 12 through setting up first elastic layer 11 and second elastic layer 21 between last mould 10 and lower mould 20 after first elastic layer 11 and the 21 butt of second elastic layer to the tip of reinforcing bar can pass shrink clearance 12, and shrink clearance 12 can be closed through the deformability of first elastic layer 11 and second elastic layer 21 self automatically, so as to prevent that the concrete from getting into, thereby can prevent that the concrete from spilling over from the side forms. The upper die 10 and the lower die 20 are combined, so that the side die is prevented from being perforated while slurry leakage is prevented, the processing difficulty of the side die is reduced, the side die is not required to be aligned with the hole when a reinforcing steel bar is placed, and the production efficiency is improved; in addition, the magnetic force pressing and fixing device 50 is fixed on the die table 40 through the magnetic box 51, and then presses and fixes the side die through the L-shaped plate 52, so as to press and fix the upper die 10 on the lower die 20 from top to bottom, thereby not only enhancing the stability of the upper die 10 and the lower die 20 in the production process after being assembled, but also improving the sealing performance between the first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21.
As shown in fig. 1, one end of the L-shaped plate 52 is fixedly connected to the magnetic box 51, and a through hole 521 is formed in a first plate of the L-shaped plate 52 and the side die in press-contact. In this embodiment, the through hole 521 is opposite to the upper surface of the magnetic box 51, and the magnetic pressing device 50 further includes a screw rod connected to the magnetic box 51 and passing through the through hole 521, and a nut engaged with the screw rod and abutting against the upper surface of the first plate. Since the height of the magnetic box 51 is constant, in order to press the first plate to fix the side mold, the nut needs to be screwed down, so that the first plate is slightly deformed downward relative to the fixed end after being stressed, thereby more effectively pressing and fixing the side mold.
The magnetic cassette 51 is in contact with one side of the upper mold 10 and one side of the lower mold 20. In this embodiment, the magnetic box 51 abuts against the sides of the upper and lower dies 10, 20 away from the casting space 60, so that the upper and lower dies 10, 20 can be aligned by the magnetic box 51 and perform a limiting and fixing function on the dies in the transverse direction. The number of the magnetic pressing devices 50 can be multiple and arranged at intervals along the length direction of the side die so as to improve the pressing and aligning effects on the side die.
The first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 are made of foam cotton materials, the foam cotton is made of plastic particles, and has the advantages of elasticity, light weight, water resistance, alkali resistance, tear resistance and the like, and the first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 made of the foam cotton have better sealing effect and stability. The first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 may be adhered to the upper die 10 and the lower die 20, or may be hot-pressed to the upper die 10 and the lower die 20, which is not limited herein; of course, the first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 can be replaced conveniently by means of pasting, so that the production efficiency is further improved.
As shown in fig. 1, the first elastic layer 11 extends along the length direction of the upper die 10, and the second elastic layer 21 extends along the length direction of the lower die 20, so that the contraction gap 12 extends along the length direction of the side die, and in the production process, the steel bars can be directly placed on the second elastic layer 21 without alignment, thereby improving the production efficiency, and the first elastic layer 11 and the second elastic layer 21 can be integrally disassembled and assembled, which is more convenient.
As shown in fig. 2, the prefabricated part manufacturing mold further includes a magnetic fixing device 30 connected to the lower mold 20 to fix the lower mold 20 to a mold table 40. In the present embodiment, the magnetic fixing device 30 is connected to the lower mold 20 and fixed to the mold table 40 by magnetic force, so as to fix the lower mold 20 and the mold table 40 relatively. The magnetic fixing device 30 may be connected to a sidewall of the lower mold 20, or may be connected to a bottom of the lower mold 20, which is not limited herein, and only needs to satisfy that the magnetic fixing device 30 can fix the lower mold 20 to the mold table 40.
As shown in fig. 2, a mounting groove 22 is formed at a bottom side of the lower mold 20, and the magnetic fixing device 30 is disposed in the mounting groove 22. In this embodiment, the magnetic fixing device 30 is disposed in the mounting groove 22, and can hide and protect the magnetic fixing device 30. The magnetic fixing device 30 may be clamped to the lower mold 20, or may be fixed to the lower mold 20 by screws, which is not limited herein. The lower die 20 provided with the mounting groove 22 has the advantages of unchanged height and size, smaller weight and convenient processing and transportation. The mounting groove 22 may extend in a length direction of the lower mold 20, the number of the magnetic fixing devices 30 may be plural, and the plurality of magnetic fixing devices 30 are spaced apart in the length direction of the mounting groove 22 to increase a fixing position and a fixing area to the lower mold 20, thereby improving fixing strength to the whole lower mold 20.
Specifically, the top side of mounting groove 22 has seted up the fixed orifices, the fixed orifices link up the upper surface of lower mould 20, magnetic fixing device 30 passes through the fastener and is connected with lower mould 20, second elastic layer 21 seted up with the hole of stepping down that the fixed orifices corresponds, the upper surface protrusion of second elastic layer 21 in the top of fastener. In this embodiment, the fastening member may be a screw, and the fastening member is connected in series with the magnetic fixing device 30 and the fixing hole to realize the relative fixing of the magnetic fixing device 30 and the lower die 20. The yielding holes of the second elastic layer 21 correspond to the fixing holes, so as to yield the fasteners penetrating through the fixing holes, and prevent the second elastic layer 21 and the fasteners from being blocked. The upper surface protrusion of second elastic layer 21 in the top of fastener, the top of fastener should be less than the upper surface of second elastic layer 21 promptly to avoid hindering out placing of muscle structure, guarantee that production process is more smooth.
As shown in fig. 1, the upper mold 10 has a hollow structure. In this embodiment, the upper mold 10 has a hollow cylindrical structure, so as to reduce the weight and increase the contact area with the sealing layer and the pressing plate, thereby further improving the stability and sealing performance during the production process.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the number of the side forms is multiple, and the multiple side forms are connected in pairs to enclose a casting space 60. In this embodiment, the prefabricated floor slab is generally rectangular in shape, so the number of side forms may be 4 to enclose a rectangular casting space 60. The plurality of side forms can be connected first, and also can be connected with the middle part at the tip, do not do the restriction here, only need satisfy to enclose and close and form pouring space 60. It will be appreciated that adjacent edge forms should be in sealed connection to avoid leakage.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the plurality of side forms include a first side form 13 and a second side form 14 which are adjacent to each other, an end of the first side form 13 is connected to the second side form 14, and a connection position is adjustable in a length direction of the second side form 14. In this embodiment, the end of the first side form 13 has a plurality of switchable connection positions on the second side form 14, the plurality of connection positions are arranged along the length direction of the second side form 14, and so on, the end of the third side form in the plurality of side forms is connected to the first side form 13, and the connection position is adjustable in the length direction of the first side form 13, so that the size of the pouring space 60 can be adjusted according to actual requirements, and the universality and the effective utilization rate of the side forms are improved.
The above only is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limiting the scope of the present invention, all the equivalent structure changes made by the contents of the specification and the drawings under the inventive concept of the present invention, or the direct/indirect application in other related technical fields are included in the patent protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A prefabricated part production mold, comprising:
the side die comprises an upper die and a lower die which are arranged up and down, wherein a first elastic layer is arranged on the lower surface of the upper die, and a second elastic layer is arranged on the upper surface of the lower die;
and the magnetic force pressing and fixing device comprises a magnetic box and an L-shaped plate arranged on the magnetic box, and the L-shaped plate is in compression joint with the side die.
2. The prefabricated member production mold of claim 1, wherein one end of the L-shaped plate is fixedly connected to the magnetic box, and a through hole is formed in a first plate of the L-shaped plate pressed against the side mold.
3. A prefabricated part production mold according to claim 1, wherein the magnetic cassettes are abutted against one side of the upper mold and one side of the lower mold, respectively.
4. The preform producing mold according to claim 1, wherein the first elastic layer or the second elastic layer is made of a foam material.
5. The prefabricated part production mold according to claim 1, further comprising a magnetic fixing device connected to the lower mold.
6. The prefabricated part production mold of claim 5, wherein a mounting groove is formed at a bottom side of the lower mold, and the magnetic fixing means is provided in the mounting groove.
7. A prefabricated part production mold according to claim 6, wherein a fixing hole is formed in a top side of the installation groove, the fixing hole penetrates through an upper surface of the lower mold, and the magnetic fixing device is connected with the lower mold through a fastening member.
8. The prefabricated member production mold of claim 7, wherein the second elastic layer is provided with a relief hole corresponding to the fixing hole, and an upper surface of the second elastic layer protrudes from a top of the fastening member.
9. The prefabricated member production mold according to claim 1, wherein the upper mold has a hollow structure.
10. The prefabricated component production mold of any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the number of the side forms is plural, and the plural side forms are connected in pairs to enclose a casting space.
CN202021451353.0U 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 Prefabricated part production mould Active CN213165993U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021451353.0U CN213165993U (en) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 Prefabricated part production mould

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021451353.0U CN213165993U (en) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 Prefabricated part production mould

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213165993U true CN213165993U (en) 2021-05-11

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021451353.0U Active CN213165993U (en) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 Prefabricated part production mould

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213165993U (en)

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