CN213162378U - Dust suction device - Google Patents

Dust suction device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213162378U
CN213162378U CN202021343350.5U CN202021343350U CN213162378U CN 213162378 U CN213162378 U CN 213162378U CN 202021343350 U CN202021343350 U CN 202021343350U CN 213162378 U CN213162378 U CN 213162378U
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box
dust collection
electrostatic
dust
filter screen
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CN202021343350.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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于海
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Dalian Liuhexin Supply Chain Co ltd
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Dalian Liuhexin Supply Chain Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dust extraction, concretely relates to machining field, including table surface, circulating fan, sweeps colating case and electrostatic absorption box are installed to table surface's bottom surface, and circulating fan's opposite side fixedly connected with dust absorption pipe and portable dust absorption mechanism, the other end fixedly connected with wind scooper of electrostatic absorption box, the bottom surface fixedly connected with dust collection tube of sweeps colating case, the bottom surface fixedly connected with settlement flange head of dust collection tube, the inside slidable mounting of sweeps colating case has filter screen drawer box, and the inboard of filter screen drawer box is equipped with the filter screen of sphere bulge structure. The utility model discloses a set up portable dust absorption mechanism and wind scooper structure, utilize circulating fan to form the circulation wind channel between dust absorption mechanism and wind scooper, collect the sweeps of dust exhaust fast through following the bad air current, the circulation air current is compared in the one-way dust absorption of tradition, and its dust collection efficiency is higher, and the scope of action is wider, and dust collection efficiency improves greatly.

Description

Dust suction device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a machining technical field, more specifically say, the utility model discloses specifically be dust extraction.
Background
In the numerical control machining process of hardware products, although the root of a cutter can be provided with a dust suction device, the dust suction device can only suck partial cuttings around the cutter, and some cuttings and dust are left on the whole working table; the device directly influences the placement and accurate positioning of the next workpiece, so that after one product is processed, before the next product is ready to be processed, the chips, dust and sundries left on the working table of the woodworking machine tool must be cleaned.
In the processing industry, the cleaning is generally a method of air gun blowing cleaning or dust collector absorption, the method can only carry out single-point dust collection, the dust collection efficiency is low, steel, wood or other instruments are often required to be moved to a workbench for processing and operation in the processing process, various dust is easily generated in the hardware production and processing industry, the working environment is polluted, and various respiratory system diseases are easily caused and the health of workers is influenced when the workers work in the dust-filled environment for a long time.
Therefore, it is desirable to provide a new dust suction device.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to overcome prior art's above-mentioned defect, the embodiment of the utility model provides a dust extraction, cross and set up portable dust absorption mechanism and wind scooper structure, utilize circulating fan to form the circulation wind channel between dust absorption mechanism and wind scooper, collect the sweeps of waste dust fast through following bad air current, and cross and set up portable dust absorption mechanism and wind scooper structure, utilize circulating fan to form the circulation wind channel between dust absorption mechanism and wind scooper, collect the sweeps of waste dust fast through following bad air current, in order to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the dust collection device comprises a worktable, wherein a circulating fan, a scrap coarse filter box and an electrostatic adsorption box are fixedly mounted on the bottom surface of the worktable, the input end and the output end of the circulating fan are respectively communicated with one side of the scrap coarse filter box and one side of the electrostatic adsorption box, the other side of the circulating fan is fixedly connected with a dust collection pipe, the other end of the dust collection pipe is fixedly connected with a movable dust collection mechanism, the other end of the electrostatic adsorption box is fixedly connected with a wind scooper positioned on the top surface of the worktable, the movable dust collection mechanism and the wind scooper are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the top surface of the worktable, a dust collection barrel is fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the scrap coarse filter box, a sedimentation flange head is fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the dust collection barrel, a filter screen drawer box is slidably mounted inside the scrap coarse filter screen box, and an electrostatic electrode screen plate is slidably arranged in the electrostatic adsorption box, and the end part of the electrostatic electrode screen plate is electrically connected with an electrostatic generator.
In a preferred embodiment, a corrugated hose is fixedly connected to one side of the movable dust collection mechanism, the corrugated hose is of a rubber corrugated pipe structure, a metal supporting bar is embedded in the corrugated hose, and a dust collection flaring opening opposite to the air guide cover is formed in one side of the movable dust collection mechanism.
In a preferred embodiment, the filter screen is located the inboard of sweeps coarse strainer case and is close to circulating fan's input, the filter screen is the metal filter screen structure, one side of filter screen is equipped with the protruding structure of sphere.
In a preferred embodiment, filter screen drawer box and the inside of electrostatic electrode otter board activity insertion sweeps coarse filtration case and electrostatic absorption box, the outside of filter screen drawer box and the inner wall sliding connection of sweeps coarse filtration case, the fixed insulating frame that has cup jointed in week side of electrostatic electrode otter board, the outside of insulating frame and the inboard sliding connection of electrostatic absorption box.
In a preferred embodiment, the number of the electrostatic electrode mesh plates is several, and the electrostatic electrode mesh plates are arranged in parallel, the end parts of the adjacent electrostatic electrode mesh plates are respectively and electrically connected with two stages of the output ends of an electrostatic generator, and the electrostatic electrode mesh plates are in a metal mesh plate structure.
In a preferred embodiment, a flange connecting end is fixedly connected to the top surface of the dust collecting cylinder, the dust collecting cylinder is communicated with an inner cavity of the scrap coarse filtering box through the flange connecting end, a collecting bin is arranged on the inner side of the dust collecting cylinder, the bottom end of the collecting bin is communicated with an inner cavity of the sedimentation flange head, and a discharging plug is arranged at the bottom end of the sedimentation flange head.
In a preferred embodiment, the inner side of the collection bin is rotatably provided with anti-escape valve plates which are symmetrically arranged, and the joint of the anti-escape valve plates and the inner wall of the dust collection barrel is provided with a torsion spring.
The utility model discloses a technological effect and advantage:
1. the utility model has the advantages that by arranging the movable dust collection mechanism and the air guide cover structure, the circulating fan is utilized to form the circulating air duct between the dust collection mechanism and the air guide cover, waste dust and waste scraps are quickly collected through circulating air flow, and compared with the traditional one-way dust collection, the circulating air flow has higher dust collection efficiency, wider action range and greatly improved dust collection efficiency;
2. the utility model discloses a set up sweeps coarse strainer case and electrostatic absorption box structure, utilize a large amount of large granule miscellaneous dirt in the sweeps coarse strainer case filtration air current and realize the polymerization and subside, carry out the secondary purification treatment through the electrostatic absorption box and utilize the dust that electrostatic absorption realized in the air current to adsorb, prevent that the dust from dispersing and leading to the various respiratory diseases of staff, influence staff's healthy.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the movable dust suction mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the circulating fan and the scrap coarse filter box of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the dust collecting cylinder and the settling flange structure of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the electrostatic adsorption box of the present invention.
The reference signs are: 1. a work table; 2. a circulating fan; 3. a scrap coarse filter box; 4. a dust collecting cylinder; 5. a movable dust collection mechanism; 6. a wind scooper; 7. a dust collection duct; 8. a filter drawer box; 9. settling the flange head; 10. an electrostatic adsorption cartridge; 11. an electrostatic generator; 12. filtering with a screen; 41. a flange connection end; 42. a collection bin; 43. an anti-escape valve plate; 51. a corrugated hose; 52. dust collection flaring; 91. a discharging plug; 101. an electrostatic electrode mesh sheet.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The dust collection device shown in the attached figures 1-5 comprises a worktable 1, a circulating fan 2, a scrap coarse filter box 3 and an electrostatic adsorption box 10 are fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the worktable 1, the input end and the output end of the circulating fan 2 are respectively communicated with one side of the scrap coarse filter box 3 and one side of the electrostatic adsorption box 10, the other side of the circulating fan 2 is fixedly connected with a dust collection conduit 7, the other end of the dust collection conduit 7 is fixedly connected with a movable dust collection mechanism 5, the other end of the electrostatic adsorption box 10 is fixedly connected with a wind guide cover 6 positioned on the top surface of the worktable 1, the movable dust collection mechanism 5 and the wind guide cover 6 are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the top surface of the worktable 1, a dust collection cylinder 4 is fixedly connected on the bottom surface of the scrap coarse filter box 3, a settlement flange 9 is fixedly connected on the bottom surface of the dust collection cylinder 4, a filter screen drawer box 8 is slidably arranged in the, an electrostatic electrode mesh plate 101 is slidably mounted inside the electrostatic adsorption box 10, and an electrostatic generator 11 is electrically connected to an end of the electrostatic electrode mesh plate 101.
The implementation mode is specifically as follows: by arranging the movable dust collection mechanism 5 and the air guide cover 6, a circulating air channel is formed between the dust collection mechanism and the air guide cover 6 by utilizing the circulating fan 2, waste dust and sweeps are quickly collected by circulating air flow, and compared with the traditional one-way dust collection, the circulating air flow has the advantages of higher dust collection efficiency, wider action range and greatly improved dust collection efficiency; additionally, the utility model discloses a set up sweeps coarse strainer 3 and electrostatic absorption box 10 structure, utilize a large amount of large granule miscellaneous dirt in the sweeps coarse strainer 3 filtration air current and realize the polymerization settlement, carry out the secondary purification treatment through electrostatic absorption box 10 and utilize the dust absorption in the electrostatic absorption realization air current, prevent that the dust from dispersing leading to the various respiratory diseases of staff, influence the healthy of staff.
Wherein, one side of the movable dust collection mechanism 5 is fixedly connected with a corrugated hose 51, the corrugated hose 51 is of a rubber corrugated pipe structure, a metal supporting strip is embedded in the corrugated hose 51, and one side of the movable dust collection mechanism 5 is provided with a dust collection flaring 52 opposite to the air guide cover 6, so that the position of the dust collection mechanism can be adjusted.
Wherein, filter screen 12 is located the inboard of sweeps coarse strainer 3 and is close to circulating fan 2's input, and filter screen 12 is the metal filter screen structure, and one side of filter screen 12 is equipped with spherical protruding structure, and spherical protruding structure can prevent effectively that the filter screen from blockking up to miscellaneous dirt.
Wherein, filter screen drawer box 8 and static electrode otter board 101 activity insert the inside of sweeps coarse filter case 3 and electrostatic absorption box 10, the outside of filter screen drawer box 8 and the inner wall sliding connection of sweeps coarse filter case 3, the fixed insulating frame that has cup jointed in week side of static electrode otter board 101, the outside of insulating frame and the inboard sliding connection of electrostatic absorption box 10 realize the quick dismantlement of static electrode otter board 101 and filter screen drawer box 8, the clearance of being convenient for.
The number of the electrostatic electrode mesh plates 101 is a plurality, the electrostatic electrode mesh plates are arranged in parallel, the end parts of the adjacent electrostatic electrode mesh plates 101 are respectively and electrically connected with two stages of the output ends of the electrostatic generator 11, the electrostatic electrode mesh plates 101 are in a metal mesh plate structure, and an electrostatic vertical field is formed between the electrostatic electrode mesh plates 101 and used for adsorbing dust.
Wherein, the top surface fixedly connected with flange link 41 of a dust collection section of thick bamboo 4, a dust collection section of thick bamboo 4 is linked together through flange link 41 and the inner chamber of sweeps rough filter case 3, and collection bin 42 has been seted up to the inboard of a dust collection section of thick bamboo 4, and the bottom of collection bin 42 is linked together with the inner chamber of subsiding flange head 9, and the bottom of subsiding flange head 9 is equipped with blowing end cap 91, realizes the gravity of sweeps and subsides.
Wherein, the inboard rotation of collecting the storehouse 42 is installed and is prevented ease valve plate 43, prevents that ease valve plate 43 is symmetrical arrangement, prevents that the junction of ease valve plate 43 and dust collection cylinder 4 inner wall is equipped with torsion spring, prevents that the material after subsiding from receiving the air current influence to flow back to in the sweeps coarse filter box 3 once more.
Wherein, the model of the static generator 11 is HN-120.
The utility model discloses the theory of operation:
the first step is as follows: pulling the corrugated hose 51 to move and adjust the position of the movable dust collection mechanism 5, enabling the port of the dust collection flared opening 52 and the cutting end to be close to each other and opposite to the port of the air guide cover 6, and starting the circulating fan 2 and the electrostatic adsorption box 10 to work when the machining is started;
the second step is that: a circulating air duct is formed between a dust collection mechanism and an air guide cover 6 by utilizing a circulating fan 2, the air flow blown out by the air guide cover 6 pushes the waste scraps to move close to a movable dust collection mechanism 5, the waste scraps are sucked by the negative pressure suction force at the movable dust collection mechanism 5 and enter a waste scrap rough filtering box 3 through a dust collection guide pipe 7, the waste scraps larger than the aperture size of the electrostatic adsorption box 10 are intercepted inside the waste scrap rough filtering box 3 and fall into a dust collection barrel 4 through the action of gravity, a large amount of dust is carried by the rough-filtered air flow and sent into the electrostatic adsorption box 10, an electrostatic vertical field is formed between two adjacent electrostatic electrode screen plates 101 under the action of an electrostatic generator 11, a large amount of dust is adsorbed on the surface by the electrostatic electrode screen plates 101, multiple adsorption is realized through the multistage electrostatic electrode screen plates 101, the air flow is subjected to multistage purification, and the filtered air flow is led out through the air guide cover 6 again, blowing the scraps into the movable dust collection mechanism 5 to realize circulation;
the third step: after the processing is finished, the power supply is turned off, the scraps in the scrap coarse filter box 3 fall into the dust collection cylinder 4 and the sedimentation flange head 9 due to gravity, the discharging plug 91 can be opened to clean the scraps, the filter screen drawer box 8 and the electrostatic electrode screen plate 101 are drawn out, and the electrostatic adsorption box 10 and the electrostatic electrode screen plate 101 are cleaned.
The points to be finally explained are: first, in the description of the present application, it should be noted that, unless otherwise specified and limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" should be understood broadly, and may be a mechanical connection or an electrical connection, or a communication between two elements, and may be a direct connection, and "upper," "lower," "left," and "right" are only used to indicate a relative positional relationship, and when the absolute position of the object to be described is changed, the relative positional relationship may be changed;
secondly, the method comprises the following steps: in the drawings of the disclosed embodiments of the present invention, only the structures related to the disclosed embodiments are referred to, and other structures can refer to the common design, and under the condition of no conflict, the same embodiment and different embodiments of the present invention can be combined with each other;
and finally: the above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. Dust extraction, including table surface (1), its characterized in that: a circulating fan (2), a scrap coarse filter box (3) and an electrostatic adsorption box (10) are fixedly mounted on the bottom surface of the working table top (1), the input end and the output end of the circulating fan (2) are respectively communicated with one side of the scrap coarse filter box (3) and one side of the electrostatic adsorption box (10), a dust absorption guide pipe (7) is fixedly connected to the other side of the circulating fan (2), a movable dust absorption mechanism (5) is fixedly connected to the other end of the dust absorption guide pipe (7), a wind scooper (6) positioned on the top surface of the working table top (1) is fixedly connected to the other end of the electrostatic adsorption box (10), the movable dust absorption mechanism (5) and the wind scooper (6) are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the top surface of the working table top (1), a dust collection cylinder (4) is fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the scrap coarse filter box (3), and a sedimentation flange head (9) is, the inside slidable mounting of sweeps coarse strainer case (3) has filter screen drawer box (8), the inboard of filter screen drawer box (8) is equipped with filter screen (12) of the protruding structure of sphere, the inside slidable mounting of electrostatic absorption box (10) has electrostatic electrode otter board (101), the tip electricity of electrostatic electrode otter board (101) is connected with electrostatic generator (11).
2. The suction device of claim 1, wherein: one side of the movable dust collection mechanism (5) is fixedly connected with a corrugated hose (51), the corrugated hose (51) is of a rubber corrugated pipe structure, a metal supporting strip is embedded in the corrugated hose (51), and a dust collection flaring opening (52) opposite to the air guide cover (6) is formed in one side of the movable dust collection mechanism (5).
3. The suction device of claim 1, wherein: filter screen (12) are located the inboard of sweeps coarse strainer case (3) and are close to the input of circulating fan (2), filter screen (12) are the metal filter screen structure, one side of filter screen (12) is equipped with spherical surface protruding structure.
4. The suction device of claim 1, wherein: filter screen steamer tray box (8) and electrostatic electrode otter board (101) activity insert the inside of sweeps coarse filter case (3) and electrostatic absorption box (10), the outside of filter screen steamer tray box (8) and the inner wall sliding connection of sweeps coarse filter case (3), the fixed insulating frame that has cup jointed in week side of electrostatic electrode otter board (101), the outside of insulating frame and the inboard sliding connection of electrostatic absorption box (10).
5. The suction device of claim 1, wherein: the number of the electrostatic electrode mesh plates (101) is a plurality, the electrostatic electrode mesh plates are arranged in parallel, the end parts of the adjacent electrostatic electrode mesh plates (101) are respectively and electrically connected with two stages of the output ends of the electrostatic generator (11), and the electrostatic electrode mesh plates (101) are in a metal mesh plate structure.
6. The suction device of claim 1, wherein: the top surface fixedly connected with flange link (41) of a dust collection section of thick bamboo (4), a dust collection section of thick bamboo (4) is linked together through flange link (41) and the inner chamber of sweeps coarse strainer case (3), collection storehouse (42) have been seted up to the inboard of a dust collection section of thick bamboo (4), the bottom of collection storehouse (42) is linked together with the inner chamber of subsiding flange head (9), the bottom of subsiding flange head (9) is equipped with blowing end cap (91).
7. The suction device of claim 6, wherein: the inboard rotation of collecting storehouse (42) is installed and is prevented ease valve plate (43), prevent ease valve plate (43) and be symmetrical arrangement, prevent that ease valve plate (43) and dust collection barrel (4) inner wall's junction is equipped with torsion spring.
CN202021343350.5U 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Dust suction device Active CN213162378U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021343350.5U CN213162378U (en) 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Dust suction device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021343350.5U CN213162378U (en) 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Dust suction device

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CN213162378U true CN213162378U (en) 2021-05-11

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021343350.5U Active CN213162378U (en) 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Dust suction device

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113752079A (en) * 2021-09-13 2021-12-07 黑马瓦尔特防护技术(连云港)有限公司 Machine tool protective cover with dust removal mechanism and dust removal method thereof
CN117138501A (en) * 2023-11-01 2023-12-01 昊朗科技(佛山)有限公司 Solid waste separation and collection device
CN117138501B (en) * 2023-11-01 2024-02-20 昊朗科技(佛山)有限公司 Solid waste separation and collection device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113752079A (en) * 2021-09-13 2021-12-07 黑马瓦尔特防护技术(连云港)有限公司 Machine tool protective cover with dust removal mechanism and dust removal method thereof
CN117138501A (en) * 2023-11-01 2023-12-01 昊朗科技(佛山)有限公司 Solid waste separation and collection device
CN117138501B (en) * 2023-11-01 2024-02-20 昊朗科技(佛山)有限公司 Solid waste separation and collection device

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