CN212856058U - Fodder preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect - Google Patents

Fodder preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212856058U
CN212856058U CN202020955323.7U CN202020955323U CN212856058U CN 212856058 U CN212856058 U CN 212856058U CN 202020955323 U CN202020955323 U CN 202020955323U CN 212856058 U CN212856058 U CN 212856058U
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
filter screen
cutting
adjustable
feeding
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CN202020955323.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王新炎
郭海涛
刘伟
杨松坡
李红滨
王阳
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Henan Huamu Biotechnology Innovation Research Center Co ltd
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Henan Huamu Biotechnology Innovation Research Center Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a feed preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect, including smashing the case, the top of smashing the case is seted up the feed inlet, the top of smashing the case is equipped with extrusion feed mechanism, smash the incasement and be equipped with reducing mechanism, reducing mechanism includes the first rubbing crusher who is located directly below the feed inlet, the below of first rubbing crusher is equipped with first filter screen, first filter screen slope sets up, the left side of first filter screen is higher than the right side, run through along the horizontal direction on the left side wall of smashing the case and seted up the cartridge groove, the cartridge groove is located the top of first filter screen, cartridge slot interpolation dress sheet metal, the below of first filter screen is equipped with second rubbing crusher, the below of second rubbing crusher is equipped with the second filter screen, the below of second filter screen is equipped with the sliding material board, the sliding material board slope sets up, the left side of sliding material board is higher than the right side, smash the right side, be equipped with the discharge gate on the discharge gate, the utility model discloses simple structure, convenient to use, practicality are strong.

Description

Fodder preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a fodder preparation technical field especially relates to a fodder preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect.
Background
The feed is generally food for feeding animals in agriculture or animal husbandry, and is prepared from raw materials of feed such as soybean, corn, sweet sorghum and the like. At present, the amount of feed required by large-scale animal feeding in animal husbandry is large, a feed grinder is required to grind feed raw materials so as to reduce the labor burden of workers, and meanwhile, the specific surface area of the ground feed is increased, so that the digestion and absorption of animals are facilitated. Therefore, the feed grinder is an indispensable device in the process of processing the feed. Present feed grinder on the market all has one deck rubbing crusher to construct mostly, smashes the effect and generally just can't adjust according to actual conditions, and the practicality is not strong.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to overcome not enough among the prior art, provide a simple structure, convenient to use, practicality are strong the rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect for feed preparation.
The utility model discloses a realize through following technical scheme: a pulverizer capable of adjusting pulverizing effect for feed preparation comprises a pulverizing box, wherein a feed inlet is formed in the top of the pulverizing box, an extrusion feeding mechanism used for carrying out extrusion pretreatment on materials is arranged at the top of the pulverizing box, a pulverizing device is arranged in the pulverizing box and comprises a first pulverizing mechanism positioned right below the feed inlet, a first filter screen is arranged below the first pulverizing mechanism in an inclined mode, the left side of the first filter screen is higher than the right side of the first filter screen, a cartridge groove is formed in the left side wall of the pulverizing box in a penetrating mode along the horizontal direction and is positioned above the first filter screen, a thin plate is inserted in the cartridge groove, a second pulverizing mechanism is arranged below the first filter screen, a second filter screen is arranged below the second pulverizing mechanism, a material sliding plate is arranged below the second filter screen in an inclined mode, the left side of the sliding plate is higher than the right side of the sliding plate, a discharge hole matched with the thin plate and the sliding plate is formed in the right side wall of the crushing box, and a discharge door is arranged on the discharge hole.
Preferably, first rubbing crusher constructs including two cutting rollers that set up along the horizontal direction symmetry, the inside cover of cutting roller be equipped with the coaxial pivoted cutting axle of cutting roller, the outside of smashing the case is equipped with the cutting motor, the cutting motor with cutting shaft drive is connected, evenly set up a plurality of cutting teeth on the lateral wall of cutting roller.
Preferably, the second rubbing crusher constructs including the crushing roller that sets up along the horizontal direction, the inside cover of crushing roller be equipped with the coaxial pivoted crushing axle of crushing roller, the outside of smashing the case is equipped with crushing motor, crushing motor with crushing hub drive is connected, evenly set up a plurality of cutter groups on the lateral wall of crushing roller.
Preferably, the cutter group comprises a plurality of longitudinal cutters vertically arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing roller and a plurality of transverse cutters vertically arranged on the left side wall and the right side wall of the longitudinal cutters.
Preferably, the extrusion feeding mechanism comprises a guide cylinder communicated with the crushing box, a feeding cylinder communicated with the guide cylinder and located on the left side of the guide cylinder, a feeding cylinder communicated with the feeding cylinder and located on the left side of the top of the feeding cylinder, a screw rod sleeved inside the feeding cylinder and the guide cylinder, and a helical blade arranged on the screw rod, wherein the diameter of the screw rod is gradually increased from left to right, and a feeding motor connected with the screw rod in a transmission manner is arranged on the left side of the feeding cylinder.
Preferably, the top of the feed hopper is provided with a top cover.
Preferably, the lower end of the guide cylinder is conical.
Preferably, a plurality of supporting legs are uniformly arranged at the bottom of the crushing box, and elastic supporting legs are arranged at the bottoms of the supporting legs.
Preferably, the bottom of landing leg has seted up the through-hole along vertical direction, the upper end intercommunication of through-hole has been seted up and has been held the chamber, the internal diameter that holds the chamber is greater than the internal diameter of through-hole, the elasticity stabilizer blade including set up in hold the intracavity the roof, with the connecting rod that the bottom center department of roof is connected and is set up along vertical direction, with the bottom plate that the bottom of connecting rod is connected and is set up along the horizontal direction, the cover is located just be located on the connecting rod spring between landing leg and the bottom plate.
Preferably, the bottom of the supporting leg and the top of the bottom plate are both provided with a groove for limiting the spring.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that: the utility model has simple structure and convenient use, is provided with the first crushing mechanism and the second crushing mechanism, is provided with the thin plate, and can select to use the first crushing mechanism alone or the first crushing mechanism and the second crushing mechanism simultaneously, thereby achieving the purpose of adjusting the crushing effect; an extrusion feeding mechanism is arranged to carry out extrusion pretreatment on the material to be crushed, so that the subsequent crushing is facilitated; the elastic support legs are arranged to play a role in elastic buffering.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A;
FIG. 3 is a right side view of the second shredder mechanism of FIG. 1;
wherein: the device comprises a feed hopper 1, a top cover 2, a feed cylinder 3, a feed motor 4, a first mounting plate 5, a spiral rod 6, a spiral blade 7, a guide cylinder 8, a feed inlet 9, a crushing box 10, a first cutting shaft 11, a first cutting roller 12, a first cutting tooth 13, a second cutting roller 14, a thin plate 15, a baffle 16, a first filter screen 17, a first discharge door 18, a crushing motor 19, a fourth mounting plate 20, a crushing roller 21, a second filter screen 22, a longitudinal cutter 23, a transverse cutter 24, a sliding plate 25, a second discharge door 26, a support leg 27, a containing cavity 28, a top plate 29, a spring 30, a connecting rod 31 and a bottom plate 32.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it should also be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1-3, a pulverizer with adjustable pulverizing effect for feed preparation comprises a pulverizing box 10 with an open top, the open top is a feed inlet 9, the feed inlet 9 is located at the central position of the top of the pulverizing box 10, an extrusion feeding mechanism for performing extrusion pretreatment on drugs is installed at the top of the pulverizing box 10, the extrusion feeding mechanism comprises a guide cylinder 8 communicated with the pulverizing box 10, a feeding cylinder 3 communicated with the guide cylinder 8 and located at the left side of the guide cylinder 8, a feed hopper 1 communicated with the feeding cylinder 3 and located at the left side of the top of the feeding cylinder 3, a screw rod 6 sleeved inside the feeding cylinder 3 and the guide cylinder 8, and a helical blade 7 installed on the screw rod 6, the lower end of the guide cylinder 8 is conical, and the conical part is inserted into the feed inlet 9. The diameter of the screw rod 6 is increased from left to right, after the medicine enters the feeding cylinder 3 from the feeding hopper 1, the medicine is transported rightwards by the screw rod 6 and the helical blade 7, because the diameter of the screw rod 6 is increased from left to right, the extrusion force of the medicine between the screw rod 6 and the wall of the feeding cylinder 3 is increased gradually, thereby the medicine is well extruded and pretreated, the feeding motor 4 which is connected with the screw rod 6 in a transmission way is installed at the left side of the feeding cylinder 3, the feeding motor 4 is installed on the first installation plate 5 which is positioned at the top of the left side wall of the crushing box 10, the first installation plate 5 is installed along the horizontal direction, the output end of the feeding motor 4 faces right horizontally, the left end of the screw rod 6 penetrates through the left side wall of the feeding cylinder 3, the left end of the screw rod 6 is connected with the left side wall of the feeding cylinder 3 through a bearing, the left end of the screw rod 6 is, the right end of the screw rod 6 is connected with the right side wall of the guide cylinder 8 through a bearing seat and a bearing. The feeding motor 4 works, the output end of the feeding motor 4 drives the screw rod 6 to coaxially rotate, and the helical blades 7 complete conveying and extrusion pretreatment of the traditional Chinese medicine. The top of feeder hopper 1 articulates top cap 2, and is articulated through the hinge between the left side of feeder hopper 1 and top cap 2 to prevent that the dust from getting into, it is more clean, sanitary.
A crushing device is arranged in a crushing box 10 and comprises a first crushing mechanism positioned right below a feed inlet 9, the first crushing mechanism comprises two cutting rollers which are symmetrically arranged along the horizontal direction, the two cutting rollers comprise a first cutting roller 12 and a second cutting roller 14 positioned at the left side of the first cutting roller 12, the first cutting roller 12 and the second cutting roller 14 are both arranged along the front-back direction, a first cutting shaft 11 which coaxially rotates with the first cutting roller 12 is sleeved inside the first cutting roller 12, a second cutting shaft which coaxially rotates with the second cutting roller 14 is sleeved inside the second cutting roller 14, a first cutting motor and a second cutting motor are arranged outside the crushing box 10, the output end of the first cutting motor is connected with the first cutting shaft 11 and coaxially rotates with the first cutting shaft, the output end of the second cutting motor is connected with the second cutting shaft and coaxially rotates with the second cutting shaft, the first cutting motor is arranged on a second mounting plate, the second cutting motor is installed on the third mounting panel, and second mounting panel and third mounting panel all with the preceding lateral wall outer wall connection of smashing case 10. The front end and the rear end of the first cutting shaft and the second cutting shaft are rotatably connected with the front side wall and the rear side wall of the crushing box through bearings. A plurality of first cutting teeth 13 are uniformly connected to the outer side wall of the first cutting roller 12, and a plurality of second cutting teeth are uniformly connected to the outer side wall of the second cutting roller 14. After the material gets into crushing case 10 through feed inlet 9, first cutting motor and second cutting motor work, first cutting shaft 11 clockwise rotation, second cutting shaft anticlockwise rotation, first cutting tooth 13 on the first cutting roller 12 and the second cutting tooth on the second cutting roller 14 cut the material simultaneously to reach and carry out kibbling effect to the material. First filter screen 17 is installed to first rubbing crusher's below, and first filter screen 17 slope is arranged, and the left side of first filter screen 17 is higher than the right side, runs through along the horizontal direction on the left side wall of crushing case 10 and has seted up the cartridge groove, and the cartridge groove is located the top of first filter screen 17, cartridge inslot cartridge sheet metal 15, and separation blade 16 is connected to the left end of sheet metal 15. The first filter screen 17 can not prevent the material crushed by the first crushing mechanism from passing through, and the first filter screen 17 plays a role in supporting the thin plate 15. A supporting groove is arranged on the inner wall of the right side wall of the crushing box 10 along the horizontal direction, and after the thin plate 15 is inserted into the inserting groove, the right end of the thin plate 15 is inserted into the supporting groove. The right side wall of the crushing box 10 is provided with a first discharge hole matched with the thin plate 15, and the first discharge hole is provided with a first discharge door 18. When the materials crushed by the first crushing mechanism meet the requirements, the materials slide to the first discharge hole along the thin plate 15, and the materials can be discharged by opening the first discharge door 18, so that the operation is convenient and fast.
Second rubbing crusher is installed to the below of first filter screen 17, and second rubbing crusher constructs including the crushing roller 21 of arranging along the horizontal direction, and the inside cover of crushing roller is equipped with the crushing roller coaxial rotation's crushing axle with crushing roller, and the externally mounted of crushing case 10 has crushing motor 19, and crushing motor 19's output is connected and both coaxial rotations with the left end of crushing axle, installs fourth mounting panel 20 along the horizontal direction on the left side wall outer wall of crushing case 10, and crushing motor 19 installs on fourth mounting panel 20. Both ends of the crushing roller 21 are rotatably connected to the side walls of the crushing box 10 through bearings. The outer side wall of the crushing roller 21 is uniformly connected with a plurality of cutter sets. The cutter set comprises a plurality of longitudinal cutters 23 vertically connected to the outer side wall of the crushing roller 21 and a plurality of transverse cutters 24 vertically connected to the left and right side walls of the longitudinal cutters 23. Two transverse cutters 24 are arranged on the left side wall of the longitudinal cutter 23, one transverse cutter 24 is arranged on the right side wall of the longitudinal cutter 23, the transverse cutters 24 are arranged in a staggered mode, cutting is more uniform, and the crushing effect is better. The cutting edges of the longitudinal cutter 23 and the transverse cutter 24 are both directed away from the crushing roller 21. The second filter screen 22 is welded below the second crushing mechanism, the sliding plate 25 is welded below the second filter screen 22, the sliding plate 25 is obliquely arranged, the left side of the sliding plate 25 is higher than the right side, the right side wall of the crushing box 10 is provided with a second discharge port matched with the sliding plate 25, and the second discharge port is provided with a second discharge door 26. The material crushed by the second crushing mechanism reaches the filtering standard of the second filter screen 22, falls to the sliding plate 25, slides to the second discharge port on the right side, and flows out by opening the second discharge door 26. According to the actual situation, the material can be crushed by the first crushing mechanism or continuously by the first crushing mechanism and the second crushing mechanism through the pulling and inserting thin plate 15, so that the aim of adjusting the crushing effect is fulfilled.
Four corners at the bottom of the crushing box 10 are welded with supporting legs 27, and the bottom of the supporting legs 27 is provided with elastic supporting feet. The through-hole has been seted up along vertical direction in landing leg 27's bottom, the upper end intercommunication of through-hole has been seted up and has been held chamber 28, the internal diameter that holds chamber 28 is greater than the internal diameter of through-hole, the elasticity stabilizer blade includes that slidable mounting is at the roof 29 that holds in chamber 28, be connected and follow the connecting rod 31 of vertical direction installation with the bottom center department of roof 29, be connected and follow the bottom plate 32 of horizontal direction installation with the bottom of connecting rod 31, the suit is on connecting rod 31 and is located the spring 30 between landing leg 27 and the bottom plate 32. The bottom of the leg 27 and the top of the bottom plate 32 are both provided with slots for limiting the spring 30. The elastic support legs play a role in elastic buffering.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations can be made in the embodiments or in part of the technical features of the embodiments without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a fodder preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect which characterized in that: the device comprises a crushing box, a feed inlet is formed in the top of the crushing box, an extrusion feeding mechanism used for carrying out extrusion pretreatment on materials is arranged at the top of the crushing box, a crushing device is arranged in the crushing box and comprises a first crushing mechanism positioned under the feed inlet, a first filter screen is arranged below the first crushing mechanism in an inclined mode, the left side of the first filter screen is higher than the right side of the first filter screen, an insertion groove is formed in the left side wall of the crushing box in a penetrating mode along the horizontal direction and is positioned above the first filter screen, a thin plate is inserted in the insertion groove, a second crushing mechanism is arranged below the first filter screen, a second filter screen is arranged below the second crushing mechanism, a sliding plate is arranged below the second filter screen in an inclined mode, and the left side of the sliding plate is higher than the right side of the sliding plate, and a discharge port matched with the thin plate and the sliding material plate is formed in the right side wall of the crushing box, and a discharge door is arranged on the discharge port.
2. The pulverizer for preparing feed with adjustable crushing effect of claim 1, characterized in that: first rubbing crusher constructs including two cutting rollers that set up along the horizontal direction symmetry, the inside cover of cutting roller be equipped with the coaxial pivoted of cutting roller cuts the axle, the outside of smashing the case is equipped with the cutting motor, the cutting motor with cutting shaft drive is connected, evenly set up a plurality of cutting teeth on the lateral wall of cutting roller.
3. The pulverizer for preparing feed with adjustable crushing effect of claim 1, characterized in that: the second rubbing crusher constructs including the crushing roller that sets up along the horizontal direction, the inside cover of crushing roller be equipped with the coaxial pivoted crushing axle of crushing roller, the outside of smashing the case is equipped with crushing motor, crushing motor with the crushing hub drive is connected, evenly set up a plurality of cutter groups on the lateral wall of crushing roller.
4. The pulverizer for preparing feed with adjustable crushing effect of claim 3, characterized in that: the cutter group comprises a plurality of longitudinal cutters vertically arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing roller and a plurality of transverse cutters vertically arranged on the left side wall and the right side wall of the longitudinal cutters.
5. The pulverizer for preparing feed with adjustable crushing effect of claim 1, characterized in that: the extrusion feed mechanism include with smash the guide cylinder of case intercommunication, with the guide cylinder intercommunication and be located the left feeding section of thick bamboo of guide cylinder, with the feeding section of thick bamboo intercommunication and be located the left feeder hopper in feeding section of thick bamboo top, cover are located the inside hob of feeding section of thick bamboo and guide cylinder, set up in helical blade on the hob, the diameter of hob increases progressively from left to right, the left side of feeding section of thick bamboo be equipped with the feeding motor that the hob transmission is connected.
6. The pulverizer for preparing feed with adjustable crushing effect of claim 5, characterized in that: the top of feeder hopper is equipped with the top cap.
7. The pulverizer for preparing feed with adjustable crushing effect of claim 6, characterized in that: the lower end of the guide cylinder is conical.
8. The pulverizer for preparing feed with adjustable crushing effect of claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom of crushing case evenly sets up a plurality of landing legs, the bottom of landing leg is equipped with the elasticity stabilizer blade.
9. The pulverizer for preparing feed with adjustable crushing effect of claim 8, characterized in that: the bottom of landing leg has seted up the through-hole along vertical direction, the upper end intercommunication of through-hole has been seted up and has been held the chamber, the internal diameter that holds the chamber is greater than the internal diameter of through-hole, the elasticity stabilizer blade including set up in hold the intracavity roof, with the connecting rod that the bottom center department of roof connects and set up along vertical direction, with the bottom plate that the bottom of connecting rod is connected and is set up along the horizontal direction, the cover is located just be located on the connecting rod spring between landing leg and the bottom plate.
10. The pulverizer for preparing feed with adjustable crushing effect of claim 9, characterized in that: the bottom of landing leg with the top of bottom plate all is seted up and is used for carrying out spacing fluting to the spring.
CN202020955323.7U 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 Fodder preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect Active CN212856058U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020955323.7U CN212856058U (en) 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 Fodder preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020955323.7U CN212856058U (en) 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 Fodder preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212856058U true CN212856058U (en) 2021-04-02

Family

ID=75208107

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020955323.7U Active CN212856058U (en) 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 Fodder preparation is with rubbing crusher of adjustable crushing effect

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212856058U (en)

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