CN212828921U - Electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid power motorcycle - Google Patents

Electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid power motorcycle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212828921U
CN212828921U CN202021448483.9U CN202021448483U CN212828921U CN 212828921 U CN212828921 U CN 212828921U CN 202021448483 U CN202021448483 U CN 202021448483U CN 212828921 U CN212828921 U CN 212828921U
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reduction
motor
electric drive
drive structure
shaft
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阮送良
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Taizhou Quanshun Electric Drive Technology Co ltd
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Taizhou Quanshun Electric Drive Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides an electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid motorcycle belongs to motorcycle technical field. It has solved the complicated problem of use of current electric drive structure. This electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid motorcycle, including rear axle, engine and motor, the engine is including the installation shell, and engine and motor homoenergetic drive rear axle rotate, and the motor includes the casing, is located the multistage speed reduction subassembly of casing and enables rear axle unidirectional rotation's one-way subassembly, has a plurality of installation departments on the casing, and the casing passes the installation department through the fastener and links firmly with the installation shell. The electric drive structure of the oil-electricity hybrid power motorcycle is practical and simple, and can save energy consumption.

Description

Electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid power motorcycle
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the motorcycle, a electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid motorcycle is related to.
Background
The motorcycle is a relatively convenient vehicle and is popular with users. However, with the gradual increase of energy consumption and environmental awareness of people, the standards and requirements for environmental protection in towns are increasing, and the traditional fuel oil motor cannot meet the existing environmental standards.
In recent years, an electric vehicle is also used as a new vehicle, and is gradually widely applied due to the advantages of environmental protection, energy conservation and the like, but the use of the electric vehicle is also limited by the capacity of a storage battery, so that the problem that the electric vehicle cannot travel at a long distance is caused, and certain difficulty is brought to the wide use of the electric vehicle.
In view of the above problems, various electric driving structures of hybrid electric vehicles have been developed:
for example, the chinese patent application (patent application No. 200720087705.7) discloses a hybrid electric motorcycle, which comprises a motorcycle body, a front wheel and a rear wheel, an engine output connection clutch, a clutch output connection gearbox, an output of the gearbox connected with a rear wheel shaft, a hub motor arranged in the front wheel, a power battery connected with the hub motor, and a motor controller.
Although the front wheel of the motorcycle is driven by the hub motor, the engine is connected with the rear wheel shaft at the moment, so that more transmission structures are needed in the driving process of the motorcycle, and the power system of the whole motorcycle is more complicated; in addition, in the driving process, if the engine and the motor are used simultaneously, the problem that the driving of the engine and the driving of the motor are not synchronous may exist, the motorcycle is inconvenient to use, and faults are easily caused.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at having the above-mentioned problem to current technique, provided an oil-electricity hybrid motorcycle's electric drive structure, the utility model aims to solve the technical problem that: how to solve the problem that the use of current electric drive structure is complicated.
The purpose of the utility model can be realized by the following technical proposal:
the utility model provides an electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid motorcycle, includes rear axle, engine and motor, its characterized in that, the engine includes the installation shell, engine and motor homoenergetic drive rear axle rotate, the motor includes the casing, is located the multistage speed reduction subassembly of casing and enables rear axle unidirectional rotation's one-way subassembly, a plurality of installation departments have on the casing, the casing passes the installation department through the fastener and links firmly with the installation shell.
The working principle is as follows: the motor drives the rear wheel shaft to rotate directly, the multistage speed reducing assembly is arranged in the shell of the motor, so that the integration level of the whole motor is higher, the shell of the motor is provided with a plurality of mounting parts, the mounting parts can be connected with the mounting shell of the engine, the mounting of the motor is more convenient, in the mounting and dismounting process, the motor only needs to be mounted and dismounted from the mounting shell of the engine, the motor directly drives the rear wheel shaft to rotate in the setting process and does not pass through the transmission assembly of the engine, so that the mounting and arrangement of the motor are more convenient and concise, and the motor can be independently used with the engine when in use, so that the convenience in use of the whole electric drive structure is realized; and in the use of motor, the inside of motor is provided with the one-way subassembly that makes rear axle unidirectional rotation to when having ensured that engine drive rear axle rotates, the motor can not follow the rotation, realized practicing thrift the energy consumption.
In the electric drive structure of the hybrid electric vehicle, the motor comprises a motor shaft positioned in the shell, a driving wheel is sleeved on the motor shaft, the multistage speed reduction assembly comprises a driven wheel, and the driving wheel is connected with the driven wheel through a synchronous belt.
The setting of this structure for multistage speed reduction subassembly is integrated in the motor, has made things convenient for multistage speed reduction subassembly's installation, also compares in the detached setting of current decelerator and motor, has reduced the demand that need install an dustcoat in addition to decelerator, thereby makes the integrated nature of whole electric drive structure higher, also makes the assembly of multistage speed reduction subassembly in the whole electric drive structure comparatively simple.
In the electric driving structure of the hybrid electric vehicle, the motor comprises a motor shaft positioned in the shell, a driving sprocket is sleeved on the motor shaft, the multistage speed reduction assembly comprises a driven sprocket, and the driving sprocket and the driven sprocket are connected through a chain.
The design of the driving chain wheel, the driven chain wheel and the chain is adopted, so that the chain does not need to be tensioned by the tensioner, the whole electric drive structure is simpler, and the transmission effect is better.
In the electric drive structure of the hybrid electric motorcycle, the driven wheel is provided with a first speed reduction shaft in a penetrating manner, the multistage speed reduction assembly comprises a first speed reduction driving gear sleeved on the first speed reduction shaft and a first speed reduction driven gear meshed with the first speed reduction driving gear, the first speed reduction driven gear is provided with a second speed reduction shaft in a penetrating manner, the multistage speed reduction assembly comprises a second speed reduction driving gear sleeved on the second speed reduction shaft and a second speed reduction driven gear meshed with the second speed reduction driving gear, and the second speed reduction driven gear is sleeved on the rear wheel shaft.
The arrangement of this structure can set up one-level speed reduction driving gear and one-level speed reduction driven gear's reduction ratio and second grade speed reduction driving gear and second grade speed reduction driven gear's reduction ratio, realizes slowing down the output power of motor for the operation that the rear wheel axle can be more steady, further promotion the stability of electric drive structure.
In the above-described electric drive structure of the hybrid motorcycle, the secondary speed reduction driven gear portion is located on the primary speed reduction driven gear.
The required installation space of whole electric drive structure can be saved in the setting of this structure to the speed reduction of multistage speed reduction subassembly can normal operating, further promotion electric drive structure operation's stability.
In the electric drive structure of the hybrid electric motorcycle, a tensioner capable of tensioning the synchronous belt is arranged on one side of the synchronous belt, the tensioner comprises a hinge part hinged with the motor and a tensioning part abutted against the synchronous belt, a tension spring is connected in the shell, and one end of the tension spring is connected with the hinge part and drives the hinge part to rotate.
When using the hold-in range, need adopt the design of tensioning ware for the hold-in range can keep the state of tensioning, and the setting of extension spring makes whole tensioning ware's structure comparatively simple, and can adjust the rate of tension of hold-in range according to motor pivoted rotational speed, further promotion the stability that electric drive structure used.
In the electric drive structure of the hybrid electric vehicle, the mounting shell is provided with the protrusions which form the connecting parts which are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the mounting parts, and the mounting parts are abutted against the corresponding connecting parts and are connected through the fasteners.
Through the setting of installation department for accessible installation department and connecting portion are connected between installation shell and the casing, thereby the installation of motor is more convenient, further promotion the convenience of electric drive structure installation.
In the electric drive structure of the hybrid electric motorcycle, the housing is provided with an upper cover positioned on the motor shaft, the synchronous belt, the driving wheel and the driven wheel, the housing is provided with a notch, the notch is covered by the upper cover, and the upper cover is detachably connected with the housing.
The setting of upper cover and breach for after the upper cover takes out, can maintain the inside spare part of motor, at the motorcycle in-process of traveling, the hold-in range needs often to be maintained, and the setting of upper cover position makes the maintenance of hold-in range more convenient.
In the above-mentioned electric drive structure of the hybrid motorcycle, the one-way component is a one-way bearing sleeved on the rear wheel shaft, and the one-way bearing is located between the secondary reduction driven gear and the rear wheel shaft.
Adopt one-way bearing for the installation of whole one-way subassembly is comparatively simple, and does not influence the operation of motor, has promoted overall structure's integrated level.
The one-way component can also adopt a one-way gear, and the two-stage reduction driven gear and the two-stage reduction driving gear are directly replaced by the one-way gear, so that when the engine drives the rear wheel shaft to rotate, the motor shaft can not rotate along with the rotation, and the energy consumption is saved.
In the above-described electric drive structure of the hybrid motorcycle, the mounting portion has a plurality of beads.
The lightweight design of installation department can also be realized to the setting of this structure when promoting installation department intensity to alleviate the weight of electric drive structure and can strengthen motor casing's joint strength.
In the electric driving structure of the hybrid electric motorcycle, the rear wheel shaft is sleeved with the sealing ring, and the other side of the shell is sleeved on the sealing ring.
The setting of this structure for the connection of casing is more stable, further has promoted the stability of electric drive structure installation.
Compared with the prior art, the electric drive structure of the gasoline-electric hybrid power motorcycle has the advantages that: through the setting of above-mentioned structure, only need with the motor from the engine installation shell load and unload can, the motor is direct drive rear axle rotation at the setting in-process, does not pass through the transmission assembly of engine to make the installation of motor and arrange convenience more and succinct, and the motor also can independently use with the engine when using, thereby realized the convenience that whole electric drive structure used.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an electric drive structure of the hybrid motorcycle.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of an electric drive structure of the hybrid motorcycle.
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view a-a of fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a partial structural schematic diagram of an electric drive structure of the hybrid motorcycle.
Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of a partially exploded structure of a housing in an electric drive structure of the gasoline-electric hybrid motorcycle.
In the figure, 1, a rear wheel axle; 2. an engine; 21. mounting a shell; 211. a connecting portion; 3. A motor; 31. a housing; 311. an installation part; 312. an upper cover; 313. a notch; 314. reinforcing ribs; 32. a motor shaft; 33. a multi-stage speed reduction assembly; 331. a driven wheel; 332. a first deceleration shaft; 333. a primary reduction drive gear; 334. a primary reduction driven gear; 335. A second deceleration shaft; 336. a secondary reduction drive gear; 337. a secondary reduction driven gear; 34. a driving wheel; 35. a synchronous belt; 4. a tensioner; 41. a hinge portion; 42. a tension section; 5. a tension spring; 6. a seal ring; 7. and a one-way bearing.
Detailed Description
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention and the accompanying drawings are used to further describe the technical solution of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1, the electric drive structure of the hybrid motorcycle includes a rear wheel axle 11, an engine 2, and a motor 3.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 to 5, the engine 2 includes a mounting shell 21, the engine 2 and the motor 3 can both drive the rear axle 1 to rotate, the motor 3 includes a housing 31, a multi-stage speed reduction assembly 33 located in the housing 31, and a one-way assembly capable of making the rear axle 1 rotate in one direction, the housing 31 has a plurality of mounting portions 311, and the housing 1 is fixedly connected to the mounting shell 21 by a fastener passing through the mounting portions 311.
The working principle is as follows: the motor 3 directly drives the rear wheel shaft 1 to rotate, and the multistage speed reducing assembly 33 is arranged in the shell 31 of the motor 3, so that the integration level of the whole motor 3 is higher, the shell 31 of the motor 3 is provided with a plurality of mounting parts 311, the mounting parts 311 can be connected with the mounting shell 21 of the engine 2, the mounting of the motor 3 is more convenient, in the mounting and dismounting process, only the motor 3 needs to be mounted and dismounted on the mounting shell 21 of the engine 2, the motor 3 directly drives the rear wheel shaft 1 to rotate in the setting process, and a transmission assembly of the engine 2 is not used, so that the mounting and arrangement of the motor 3 are more convenient and simpler, the motor 3 can be independently used with the engine 2 in the use, and the convenience in use of the whole electric drive structure is realized; and in the use of motor 3, the inside of motor 3 is provided with the one-way subassembly that makes rear axle 1 unidirectional rotation to when having ensured that engine 2 drive rear axle 1 rotates, motor 3 can not follow the rotation, has realized practicing thrift the energy consumption.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the motor 3 includes a motor shaft 32 located in the housing 31, a driving wheel 34 is sleeved on the motor shaft 32, the multi-stage reduction assembly 33 includes a driven wheel 331, the driving wheel 34 is connected with the driven wheel 331 through a synchronous belt 35, a first reduction shaft 332 is penetrated through the driven wheel 331, the multi-stage reduction assembly 33 includes a first reduction driving gear 333 sleeved on the first reduction shaft 332 and a first reduction driven gear 334 meshed with the first reduction driving gear 333, a second reduction shaft 335 is penetrated through the first reduction driven gear 334, the multi-stage reduction assembly 33 includes a second reduction driving gear 336 sleeved on the second reduction shaft 335 and a second reduction driven gear 337 meshed with the second reduction driving gear 336, the second reduction driven gear 337 is sleeved on the rear wheel shaft 1, and the second reduction driven gear 337 is partially located on the first reduction driven gear 334.
As shown in fig. 4, a tensioner 4 capable of tensioning the synchronous belt 35 is disposed on one side of the synchronous belt 35, the tensioner 4 includes a hinge portion 41 hinged to the motor 3 and a tensioning portion 42 abutting against the synchronous belt 35, a tension spring 5 is connected to the housing 31, and one end of the tension spring 5 is connected to the hinge portion 41 and drives the hinge portion 41 to rotate.
As shown in fig. 3-5, the mounting shell 21 is protruded to form connecting portions 211 corresponding to the mounting portions 311, the mounting portions 311 are abutted against the corresponding connecting portions 211 and connected by fasteners, the housing 31 has an upper cover 312 positioned on the motor shaft 32, the timing belt 35, the driving wheel 34 and the driven wheel 331, the housing 31 is provided with a gap 313, the gap 313 is covered by the upper cover 312, the upper cover 312 and the housing 31 are detachably connected, and the mounting portions 311 are provided with a plurality of reinforcing ribs 314.
The one-way component is a one-way bearing 7 sleeved on the rear wheel shaft 1, and the one-way bearing 7 is positioned between the secondary speed reduction driven gear 337 and the rear wheel shaft 1.
As shown in fig. 1-5, a seal ring 6 is sleeved on the rear wheel axle 1, and the other side of the housing 31 is sleeved on the seal ring 6.
Example two:
the content of this embodiment is substantially the same as that of the first embodiment, and the difference is that:
the motor 3 includes casing 31 and the motor shaft 32 that is located the casing 31, is equipped with multistage speed reduction assembly 33 in the casing 31, and the cover is equipped with drive sprocket on the motor shaft 32, and multistage speed reduction assembly 33 includes driven sprocket, is connected through the chain between drive sprocket and the driven sprocket.
The design of the driving chain wheel, the driven chain wheel and the chain is adopted, so that the chain does not need to be tensioned by the tensioner, the whole electric drive structure is simpler, and the transmission effect is better.
EXAMPLE III
The content of this embodiment is substantially the same as that of the first embodiment, and the difference is that:
the one-way component can also adopt a one-way gear, and the two-stage reduction driven gear 337 and the two-stage reduction driving gear 336 are directly replaced by the one-way gear, so that when the engine 2 drives the rear wheel shaft 1 to rotate, the motor shaft 32 cannot rotate along with the rotation, and the energy consumption is saved.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the spirit of the invention. Various modifications, additions and substitutions for the specific embodiments described herein may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention or exceeding the scope of the invention as defined in the accompanying claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an electric drive structure of hybrid motorcycle, includes rear axle (1), engine (2) and motor (3), its characterized in that, engine (2) are including installation shell (21), engine (2) and motor (3) homoenergetic drive rear axle (1) rotate, motor (3) include casing (31), be located multistage speed reduction subassembly (33) of casing (31) and can make rear axle (1) unidirectional rotation's one-way subassembly, casing (31) are last to have a plurality of installation departments (311), casing (31) pass installation department (311) through the fastener and link firmly with installation shell (21).
2. The electric driving structure of the hybrid motorcycle of claim 1, wherein the motor (3) comprises a motor shaft (32) positioned in the housing (31), the motor shaft (32) is sleeved with a driving wheel (34), the multistage speed reduction assembly (33) comprises a driven wheel (331), and the driving wheel (34) is connected with the driven wheel (331) through a synchronous belt (35).
3. The electric drive structure of a hybrid motorcycle of claim 1, wherein the motor (3) includes a motor shaft (32) disposed in the housing (31), the motor shaft (32) is sleeved with a driving sprocket, the multi-stage reduction assembly (33) includes a driven sprocket, and the driving sprocket and the driven sprocket are connected by a chain.
4. The electric drive structure of the hybrid motorcycle of claim 2, wherein a first reduction shaft (332) is arranged on the driven wheel (331) in a penetrating manner, the multi-stage reduction assembly (33) comprises a first reduction driving gear (333) sleeved on the first reduction shaft (332) and a first reduction driven gear (334) meshed with the first reduction driving gear (333), a second reduction shaft (335) is arranged on the first reduction driven gear (334) in a penetrating manner, the multi-stage reduction assembly (33) comprises a second reduction driving gear (336) sleeved on the second reduction shaft (335) and a second reduction driven gear (337) meshed with the second reduction driving gear (336), and the second reduction driven gear (337) is sleeved on the rear wheel shaft (1).
5. An electric drive structure of a gasoline-electric hybrid motorcycle according to claim 4, characterized in that said secondary reduction driven gear (337) is partially located on the primary reduction driven gear (334).
6. The electric drive structure of the hybrid motorcycle of claim 2, wherein a tensioner (4) capable of tensioning the synchronous belt (35) is disposed on one side of the synchronous belt (35), the tensioner (4) comprises a hinge portion (41) hinged to the motor (3) and a tensioning portion (42) abutting against the synchronous belt (35), a tension spring (5) is connected in the housing (31), and one end of the tension spring (5) is connected to the hinge portion (41) and drives the hinge portion (41) to rotate.
7. The electric drive structure of a gasoline-electric hybrid motorcycle according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the mounting shell (21) is bulged to form connection portions (211) arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the mounting portions (311), and the mounting portions (311) are abutted against the corresponding connection portions (211) and connected by fasteners.
8. The electric driving structure of the hybrid motorcycle of claim 2, wherein the housing (31) has an upper cover (312) disposed on the motor shaft (32), the timing belt (35), the driving wheel (34) and the driven wheel (331), the housing (31) has a notch (313) formed therein, the notch (313) is covered by the upper cover (312), and the upper cover (312) is detachably connected with the housing (31).
9. An electric drive structure of a gasoline-electric hybrid motorcycle according to claim 4, characterized in that the one-way component is a one-way bearing (7) sleeved on the rear wheel axle (1), and the one-way bearing (7) is positioned between the secondary reduction driven gear (337) and the rear wheel axle (1).
10. The electric driving structure of the hybrid motorcycle of claim 4, wherein the rear wheel shaft (1) is sleeved with a sealing ring (6), and the other side of the housing (31) is sleeved on the sealing ring (6).
CN202021448483.9U 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 Electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid power motorcycle Active CN212828921U (en)

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CN202021448483.9U CN212828921U (en) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 Electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid power motorcycle

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021448483.9U CN212828921U (en) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 Electric drive structure of oil-electricity hybrid power motorcycle

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113665725A (en) * 2021-09-22 2021-11-19 浙江创台车业有限公司 Two-wheel hybrid power motorcycle and one-way transmission mechanism

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113665725A (en) * 2021-09-22 2021-11-19 浙江创台车业有限公司 Two-wheel hybrid power motorcycle and one-way transmission mechanism

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