CN212656109U - Swing type self-resetting support - Google Patents

Swing type self-resetting support Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212656109U
CN212656109U CN202021339208.3U CN202021339208U CN212656109U CN 212656109 U CN212656109 U CN 212656109U CN 202021339208 U CN202021339208 U CN 202021339208U CN 212656109 U CN212656109 U CN 212656109U
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support
damper
support plate
resetting
support piece
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CN202021339208.3U
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贾俊峰
魏博
欧进萍
白玉磊
杜修力
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Beijing University of Technology
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Beijing University of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an engineering structure shock insulation shock attenuation field discloses a formula of swaing is from restoring to throne support, including upper bracket board and bottom suspension bedplate, still include support piece and attenuator, support piece places on the bottom suspension bedplate, and the upper bracket board is placed on support piece, and support piece's periphery is equipped with a plurality of attenuators, and fixed connection can be dismantled with the bottom suspension bedplate to the bottom of attenuator, and swing joint about can dismantling between the top of attenuator and the upper bracket board. The utility model provides a swing type self-resetting support, which can change the structural vibration frequency through the swing of a support piece in the support under the action of earthquake, and meanwhile, the support has good self-resetting capability under the self-weight of an upper structure; when the support piece swings, the damper can correspondingly generate bending deformation between the upper support plate and the lower support plate to dissipate seismic energy, so that the problem of shearing damage of the support in strong shock in the existing engineering structure is solved, and meanwhile, the energy consumption capability and the self-resetting capability of the support are enhanced.

Description

Swing type self-resetting support
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an engineering structure shock insulation shock attenuation field especially relates to a formula of swaing is from restoring to throne support.
Background
Earthquake is a common natural disaster, once an engineering structure is damaged by earthquake, huge casualties and economic losses can be caused, and the repair after earthquake is extremely difficult. Therefore, the improvement of the seismic performance of the engineering structure, particularly the restorability after the earthquake, has great significance.
In engineering structures, particularly bridge structures, it is often necessary to install a support between the upper and lower structures to resist the effects of external loads, temperature changes, earthquakes, etc. The traditional support such as a plate type rubber support adapts to structural deformation under the action of an earthquake through shearing deformation among rubber steel plate laminations, but the support has limited shearing deformation capability and is difficult to provide effective energy consumption; moreover, the shear deformation is uncontrollable, and particularly under the action of a large horizontal earthquake, the shear deformation is likely to be excessive, so that the support is subjected to shear failure, and serious results are caused.
At present, the common shock insulation support can generate overlarge horizontal shear deformation in strong shock, can cause serious collision between upper structures or between a bridge upper structure and a stop block, can generate large residual displacement after the shock, and is not beneficial to quick recovery of the function of an engineering structure. Taking a bridge as an example, the existing bridge fixed support enables a bridge lower part structure to be stressed greatly during an earthquake, the bridge lower part structure is seriously damaged during the earthquake, large plastic deformation can be generated after the earthquake, self-resetting or function restorability of the bridge structure after the earthquake is difficult to realize, and the whole bridge structure is also difficult to repair quickly.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The embodiment of the utility model provides a formula is from restoring to throne support sways for solve or partially solve present support in the earthquake power consumption ability low, the shearing warp too big or the big problem of residual displacement, realize engineering structure's quick recovery function after the shake.
An embodiment of the utility model provides a formula of swaing is from restoring to throne support, including upper bracket board and bottom suspension bedplate, still include support piece and attenuator, support piece places on the bottom suspension bedplate, the upper bracket board is placed support piece is last, support piece's periphery is equipped with a plurality ofly the attenuator, the bottom of attenuator with fixed connection can be dismantled to the bottom suspension bedplate, the top of attenuator with swing joint about can dismantling between the upper bracket board.
On the basis of the scheme, a plurality of shear keys are respectively connected to the periphery of the supporting piece on the bottom surface of the upper support plate and the top surface of the lower support plate; one side of the shear key, which is close to the support piece, is an inclined plane so as to adapt to the swing deformation of the support piece, the distance between the lower end of the shear key connected with the upper support plate and the side wall of the support piece is greater than the distance between the upper end of the shear key connected with the lower support plate and the side wall of the support piece, and the distance between the upper end of the shear key connected with the lower support plate and the side wall of the support piece is greater than the distance between the lower end of.
On the basis of the scheme, the side surface of the shear key, which faces the supporting piece, is provided with an inclined surface; the top of shear force key that the upper bracket board is connected with support piece meets, the connection of undersetting board the bottom of shear force key with support piece meets.
On the basis of the scheme, a plurality of dampers are symmetrically distributed around the support.
On the basis of the scheme, the bottom surface of the upper support plate is connected with a limiting block at a position corresponding to the damper, a groove matched with the top of the damper is formed in the limiting block, the top of the damper is inserted into the groove, and a gap is formed between the top of the damper and the groove bottom of the groove.
On the basis of the scheme, the width of the groove is larger than that of the top of the damper.
On the basis of the scheme, the damper comprises an energy consumption section, wherein the top of the energy consumption section is connected with an expansion head, and the expansion head is inserted into the groove.
On the basis of the scheme, the sectional dimension of the bottom of the energy consumption section is larger than that of the top of the energy consumption section.
On the basis of the scheme, the bottom of the damper is connected with an anchoring connecting plate, and the anchoring connecting plate is connected with the lower support plate.
The embodiment of the utility model provides a pair of formula is from restoring to throne support sways, will take place to sway under the earthquake action and warp, support piece can be relatively the bedplate production and sway promptly, when support piece sways, the attenuator can corresponding emergence bending deformation between upper and lower backup pad, and then the attenuator dissipation seismic energy in the accessible support, through support piece's swaying in the support, can reduce the support damage, the dead weight undersetting at superstructure has certain from restoring to throne ability simultaneously, thereby it is low to solve current engineering structure support power consumption ability, the problem that shear deformation is too big or residual displacement is big, improve the anti-seismic performance of whole engineering structure.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a swing type self-resetting support according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of a swing state of the swing type self-resetting support according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a damper according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic top view of a damper according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a limiting block in the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic top view of an embodiment of the limiting block of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic view of an application of the swing type self-resetting support in the embodiment of the present invention to a bridge;
fig. 9 is a schematic view of a part of a swing type self-resetting support in an embodiment of the present invention connected to a bridge.
Description of reference numerals:
wherein, 1, an upper support plate; 2. a support member; 3. a damper; 3-1, an enlarged head; 3-2, energy consumption section; 3-3, anchoring the connecting plate; 4. a lower support plate; 5. a shear key; 6. reserving holes; 7. a damper anchor bolt; 8. a limiting block; 9. reserving an internal thread hole; 10. reserving a screw hole; 11. a support anchor bolt; 12. prefabricating a T beam; 13. pre-burying a threaded pipe; 14. a capping beam; 15. pier studs; 16. swing type self-resetting support.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1, an embodiment of the present invention provides a swing type self-resetting support, which includes an upper support plate 1 and a lower support plate 4; and the support piece 2 and the damper 3 are also included, the support piece 2 is placed on the lower support plate 4, and the upper support plate 1 is placed on the support piece 2. The support 2 is provided at its periphery with a plurality of dampers 3. The bottom of the damper 3 is detachably and fixedly connected with the lower support plate 4, and the top of the damper 3 is detachably and vertically movably connected with the upper support plate 1.
The supporting piece 2 is placed on the lower support plate 4, and no connecting measure is provided between the supporting piece 2 and the lower support plate 4; the upper support plate 1 is placed on the support 2, and the upper support plate 1 and the support 2 are also not connected with each other; the support 2 is disconnected from the upper and lower seat plates 1, 4. The cross section of the support 2 can be a circular or rectangular cross section; may be a steel block, a steel pipe concrete block or other rigid material. The damper 3 has a certain deformability which facilitates its dissipation of seismic energy. The damper 3 can be detachably connected between the upper support plate 1 and the lower support plate 4, so that the damper 3 can be conveniently detached and replaced, and the restorability of the support is improved.
The embodiment provides a swing type self-resetting support, which can swing and deform under the action of an earthquake, namely, a support 2 can swing relative to a support plate, as shown in fig. 2. When the support 2 is rocked, the damper 3 is deformed between the upper support plate 1 and the lower support plate 4. Which in turn can dissipate seismic energy through the dampers 3 in the pedestals. Through the swing of the support piece 2 in the support, the support damage can be reduced, and meanwhile, the support has certain self-resetting capability under the self-weight of the upper structure of the upper support plate 1, so that the problems of low energy consumption capability, overlarge shearing deformation or overlarge residual displacement of the existing support under the action of an earthquake are solved, and the anti-seismic performance of the whole engineering structure is improved.
The bottom of the damper 3 is fixedly connected to the lower support plate 4 and is detachable from the lower support plate 4. The top of the damper 3 is detachably connected with the upper support plate 1, and the top of the damper 3 and the upper support plate 1 can move up and down relatively. Because the bottom of the damper 3 is fixed to the lower support plate 4, the damper 3 is in a fixed state; when the support 2 swings, the upper seat plate 1 changes its up-down position. Set up swing joint from top to bottom between attenuator 3 and the upper bracket board 1 for when the change of certain degree takes place for upper bracket board 1 upper and lower position, attenuator 3 does not receive vertical restraint, avoids attenuator 3 to receive when changing at upper bracket board 1 upper and lower position promptly and draws pressure effort, and attenuator 3 only receives the yawing force and takes place bending deformation, and the atress mechanism is more simple clear and definite, better realization energy consumption's effect.
The swing type self-resetting support can automatically reset after the support is in an earthquake through reasonable design of the support, damage of the support after the earthquake is concentrated on the replaceable damper 3, and the damaged damper 3 is easy to replace; the support sways the deformation principle in this embodiment, and the support realizes simultaneously bearing and energy consumption function separation, sways deformation and energy consumption reduction engineering structure main part damage from restoring to throne through the support, improves engineering structure's antidetonation toughness and recoverability.
In addition to the above embodiment, a plurality of shear keys 5 are respectively connected to the bottom surface of the upper support plate 1 and the top surface of the lower support plate 4 at the periphery of the support 2. The distance between the lower end of the shear key 5 connected with the upper support plate 1 and the side wall of the support 2 is larger than the distance between the upper end of the shear key and the side wall of the support 2. The distance between the upper end of the shear key 5 connected with the lower support plate 4 and the side wall of the support 2 is larger than the distance between the lower end of the shear key and the side wall of the support 2.
The shear key 5 on the upper support plate 1 can be connected with the upper support plate 1 in a welding way; the shear key 5 on the lower support plate 4 can be connected with the lower support plate 4 in a welding way. The shear keys 5 play a limiting role on the supporting piece 2 at the top end periphery and the bottom end periphery of the supporting piece 2, and can prevent the supporting piece 2, the lower support plate 4 and the upper support plate 1 from sliding and twisting relatively.
The distance between one end of the shear key 5 far away from the support plate and the support 2 is larger. Referring to fig. 2, so that the shear key 5 acts as a limit to the support member 2 to prevent the support member 2 from sliding horizontally and twisting, the support member 2 may swing between the shear keys 5. This arrangement avoids the shear key 5 colliding with the support member 2 during rocking. The arranged shear keys 5 are used for carrying out horizontal displacement limitation on the upper surface and the lower surface of the support piece 2, so that the support piece 2 is prevented from sliding and twisting, and the limitation on normal swinging of the support piece 2 can be ensured.
Further, the shear key 5 is fixedly arranged at the upper and lower corners and/or the periphery of the support member 2. Specifically, the arrangement of the shear keys 5 on the upper support plate 1 and the lower support plate 4 can be the same. Referring to fig. 3, the arrangement of the shear key 5 on the following seat plate 4 is exemplified: shear keys 5 to which the lower seat plates 4 are connected may be provided at corners of the support member 2. The shear key 5 can play a good role in limiting the position of the supporting member 2 at the corner of the supporting member 2. The corner of each side of the lower end of the support member 2 can be provided with a shear key 5, so that the support member 2 can be limited on each side, and the support member 2 cannot slide in any direction.
The shear key 5 can also be arranged at the non-corner part, namely the side edge, at the periphery of the lower end of the support part 2, and the better limiting effect on the support part 2 can also be realized. The specific arrangement positions and the number of the shear keys 5 which are connected with the support plate and are arranged around the upper end and the lower end of the support piece 2 can be flexibly arranged according to actual needs, and are not limited specifically.
On the basis of the above embodiment, further, the side surface of the shear key 5 facing the support 2 is provided with an inclined surface; the top end of the shear key 5 connected with the upper support plate 1 is connected with the support member 2, and the bottom end of the shear key 5 connected with the lower support plate 4 is connected with the support member 2. I.e. the side of the shear key 5 facing the support 2 is inclined with respect to the surface of the support 2. And the shear key 5 is in contact with the support 2 at the periphery of the support 2.
Further, the side of the shear key 5 facing the supporting member 2 may also be a curved surface, such as a convex surface or a concave surface, so as to achieve the purpose of horizontally limiting the supporting member 2 without affecting the swinging of the supporting member 2, and is not limited specifically.
On the basis of the above embodiment, further, referring to fig. 1 and 2, the shear key 5 has a columnar structure with a triangular cross section. The section of the shear key 5 is triangular, so that collision with the support member 2 is avoided. One of the acute angle points bears against the end of the support 2; the horizontal positions of the upper surface and the lower surface of the support member 2 are fixed by the arranged shear keys 5, so that the support member 2 is prevented from sliding, and meanwhile, the normal swinging of the support member 2 is not limited. The shear key 5 arranged at the same time can limit the support 2 from twisting.
Specifically, the cross-sectional shape of the shear key 5 may be a right triangle, wherein one of the legs is adapted to be connected to the upper seat plate 1 or the lower seat plate 4, and the hypotenuse faces the support member 2. The cross-sectional shape of the shear key 5 may also be an obtuse triangle or an acute triangle, so that the side facing the support 2 is an inclined surface, and the angle formed by the inclined surface and the side of the support 2 is determined according to the swing angle of the support 2 required by the design, and is not limited specifically. Further, the cross-sectional shape of the shear key 5 may also be a parallelogram, a trapezoid, or any other shape, so as to achieve the purpose of horizontally limiting the support member 2 without affecting the swing of the support member 2, and is not particularly limited.
On the basis of the above embodiment, further, referring to fig. 3, a plurality of dampers 3 may be provided on each side of the support 2; a plurality of dampers 3 are symmetrically distributed about the support 2. The damper 3 moves together with the upper and lower support plates when the support 2 swings, so that bending deformation is generated, and seismic energy is dissipated.
On the basis of the above embodiment, further, referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, the bottom surface of the upper support plate 1 is connected with a limiting block 8 at a position corresponding to the damper 3, the limiting block 8 is provided with a groove matched with the top of the damper 3, and the top of the damper 3 is inserted into the groove. The notch of the groove faces the damper 3. The top of the damper 3 is inserted into a groove on a limiting block 8 connected with the upper support plate 1, and detachable connection between the damper and the upper support plate 1 is achieved. The groove is used for limiting and fixing the top of the damper 3, and the relative fixation of the position between the damper 3 and the upper support plate 1 is realized. And a gap is provided between the top of the damper 3 and the bottom of the groove. So that the upper support plate 1 has a space to move up and down with respect to the top of the damper 3. The up-and-down movable connection between the damper 3 and the upper support plate 1 is realized.
Specifically, a gap is formed between the insertion part of the damper 3 and the groove bottom of the groove, so that the damper 3 is not subjected to tension and pressure when the upper support plate 1 is displaced up and down to a certain degree; there may be no gap between the damper 3 and the groove bottom of the groove to be in contact but not stressed state, and at this time, when the upper support plate 1 is displaced up and down to a certain extent, the damper 3 and the groove bottom of the groove are in contact but not stressed by pressure and tension, and the tension-compression deformation will not occur.
Specifically, the grooves on the upper support plate 1 are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the dampers 3. Each damper 3 is inserted into one of the grooves. Furthermore, limiting blocks 8 with the same number as the dampers 3 can be arranged, the limiting blocks 8 are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the dampers 3, each limiting block 8 is provided with a groove, and the top of each damper 3 is correspondingly inserted into the groove of one limiting block 8. A plurality of mutually independent grooves can also be arranged on one limiting block 8. The specific number of the limiting blocks 8 is not limited, and the purpose of one-to-one correspondence between the grooves and the dampers 3 is achieved.
Further, the detachable up-down movable connection structure between the damper 3 and the upper support plate 1 may be other structures, for example, a guide rail may be connected to the bottom surface of the upper support plate 1, and the top of the damper 3 may be detachably connected to the guide rail up-down. Therefore, when the upper support plate 1 is changed in the upper and lower positions, the upper support plate 1 and the guide rail can integrally move up and down relative to the damper 3, and the damper 3 is prevented from being pulled and pressed. The top of the damper 3 can be detachably connected with an elastic part, and the elastic part is connected with the upper support plate 1; thereby also realizing the detachable up-down movable connection between the damper 3 and the upper support plate 1. The connection structure between the damper 3 and the upper bracket plate 1 is not particularly limited.
On the basis of the above embodiment, further, the width of the groove is larger than the width of the top of the damper 3. Namely, a small gap or no gap is left between the top inserting groove part of the damper 3 and the groove wall of the groove, so that the groove wall has a lateral constraint effect on the top of the damper when the upper support plate 1 moves left and right; a certain distance is reserved between the top of the damper 3 and the notch of the groove, namely the top of the damper 3 is inserted into the groove for a certain distance, so that the top of the damper is prevented from being separated from the groove when the swing is overlarge, and the gap can be determined according to the swing amount of the support.
On the basis of the above embodiment, further, the damper 3 includes the energy consumption section 3-2, the top of the energy consumption section 3-2 is connected with the expansion head 3-1, and the expansion head 3-1 is inserted into the groove. The section size of the enlarged head 3-1 is larger than the section size of the uppermost end of the energy dissipation section 3-2 of the damper 3, so that the limiting block 8 is prevented from directly touching the energy dissipation section 3-2 of the damper 3 when swinging left and right, and the damper 3 can be ensured to fully exert the energy dissipation function.
The limiting block 8 can be welded on the upper support plate 1, a groove is formed in the limiting block 8, the size of the groove is slightly larger than the size of the expansion head 3-1 of the damper 3, and the position of the groove corresponds to the position of the expansion head 3-1 of the damper 3. The upper end of damper 3 is the free end, stretches into stopper 8 in a section distance, prevents that support piece from rocking the upper end of damper 3 and breaking away from stopper 8 when too big. The width of the groove is larger than the diameter of the enlarged head 3-1 of the damper 3, and a gap is formed between the enlarged head 3-1 and the groove bottom of the groove, so that the damper 3 can freely move up and down in the height direction of the damper 3 when the support swings, tension and pressure are avoided, and only the lateral force generated by the limiting block 8 to the enlarged head 3-1 of the damper 3 in the swinging direction acts on the support. The damper 3 is bent to dissipate the seismic energy.
On the basis of the above embodiment, further, the cross-sectional dimension of the bottom of the energy consumption section 3-2 is larger than that of the top.
On the basis of the above embodiment, further, the bottom of the damper 3 is connected with an anchor connecting plate 3-3, and the anchor connecting plate 3-3 is connected with the lower support plate 4.
Referring to fig. 4, the dissipative section 3-2 of the damper 3 can be tapered. The section of the middle energy consumption section 3-2 of the damper 3 is circular, the section size is gradually increased from top to bottom, and the uppermost end is provided with an enlarged head 3-1. The damper is under the action of bending moment, the bottom bending moment is large, the upper bending moment is small, and the energy consumption section of the damper is arranged to be small at the top and big at the bottom, so that the stress of the damper is facilitated, and the material is saved.
The damper 3 comprises a middle energy consumption section 3-2, an expansion head 3-1 connected to the top of the energy consumption section 3-2 and an anchoring connecting plate 3-3 connected to the bottom of the energy consumption section 3-2. Referring to fig. 5, the damper 3 has an anchor connection plate 3-3 at a lower portion thereof; the lower surface of the middle energy consumption section 3-2 of the damper 3 and the anchoring connecting plate 3-3 can be welded into a whole. A reserved screw hole 10 is formed in the anchoring connecting plate 3-3; the damper anchor bolt 7 is provided with an external thread and matched with a reserved screw hole 10 on the anchor connecting plate 3-3; a reserved internal thread hole 9 is arranged at the position of the lower support plate 4 corresponding to the reserved screw hole 10 of the anchoring connecting plate 3-3.
The damper anchor bolt 7 is screwed in and penetrates through the reserved screw hole 10, and is further screwed into the reserved internal thread hole 9 of the lower support plate 4 to be screwed and anchored. After the damper 3 is damaged after being shaken, the anchor bolt 7 of the damper 3 can be unscrewed, the damaged damper 3 is detached, and meanwhile, the new damper 3 is convenient to replace.
Further, the top and bottom surfaces of the enlarged head 3-1 of the damper 3 may be flat surfaces, and the side surfaces of the enlarged head 3-1 may be spherical surfaces. Referring to fig. 6 and 7, the stopper 8 may be cylindrical; the groove can also be columnar, and the diameter of the groove is larger than that of the enlarged head 3-1. The limiting block 8 can be a steel cover, a steel block and the like, and is not limited specifically.
Further, the damper 3 may be a steel damper; the damper 3 can be made of steel; meeting certain strength requirement. The damper 3 may be made of other materials, and is not particularly limited. The support 2 is placed in the center of the lower seat plate 4 in hard contact with the lower seat plate 4 without any connection means. The support 2 is also located at the center of the upper seat plate 1.
On the basis of the above embodiments, further, the swing type self-resetting support in each embodiment can be used not only for bridge supports, but also for building structures and space structures. In this embodiment, a bridge structure is taken as an example to illustrate application of the swing type self-resetting support, the bridge comprises the swing type self-resetting support of any one of the embodiments, and further comprises an upper beam body and a lower beam body, the upper support plate 1 is connected with the upper beam body, and the lower support plate 4 is connected with the lower beam body.
Further, referring to fig. 8, a rocking self-resetting support 16 in the present embodiment is provided between the upper beam and the lower beam. The upper support plate 1 is fixedly connected with the upper beam body; the lower support plate 4 is connected and fixed with the lower cover beam 14 or the pier stud 15. The upper beam body may be a prefabricated T-beam 12. Referring to fig. 1, the upper support plate 1 and the lower support plate 4 are respectively provided with a reserved hole 6. The anchor bolts 11 can be passed through the preformed holes 6 in effective anchoring connection with the upper and lower beams 14 or piers 15.
Specifically, referring to fig. 9, the support anchor bolt 11 passes through the upper support plate 1 and extends into the embedded threaded pipe 13 in the upper prefabricated T-beam 12 to realize the connection and fixation of the upper support plate 1 and the upper beam body. The seat anchor bolts 11 are anchored through pre-embedded threaded pipes 13 in the lower seat plate 4 and the lower capping beam 14. The application of the swing type self-resetting support 16 on the bridge is schematically shown in fig. 8 and 9.
On the basis of the embodiment, further, in order to solve the problems that the existing engineering structure support has low energy consumption capability and large shearing deformation and is easy to lose efficacy or has large residual displacement in an earthquake, the quick recovery of the functions of the engineering structure after the earthquake is realized. The embodiment provides a swing type self-resetting support, and relates to the field of shock insulation and shock absorption of engineering structures. The support of the engineering structure of the embodiment swings on the support 2 under the action of an earthquake, and simultaneously, the damper 3 is elastically and plastically deformed to dissipate earthquake energy. Compared with the existing support, the embodiment can convert the original shearing deformation of the support into the swinging deformation of a rigid body and the bending energy consumption of the conical damper 3.
A swing type self-resetting support mainly comprises an upper support plate 1, a support member 2, a damper 3, a lower support plate 4, a shear key 5, a damper anchor bolt 7 and a limiting block 8; the lower support plate 4, the support member 2 and the upper support plate 1 are arranged from bottom to top in sequence. The lower end of the damper 3 is welded with the anchoring connecting plate 3-3 into a whole, and the anchoring connecting plate 3-3 is anchored on a reserved internal thread hole 9 on the lower support plate 4 by a damper anchoring bolt 7. The upper end of the damper 3 is provided with an enlarged head 3-1 which extends into a limiting block 8 welded on the upper support plate 1 for a certain distance, and the size of a groove of the limiting block 8 is larger than that of the enlarged head 3-1. When the support swings, the expansion head 3-1 is subjected to horizontal lateral force generated when the limiting block 8 swings, so that the damper 3 is bent and deformed, and the seismic energy is dissipated. The swinging self-resetting support can reduce the damage of the support by swinging and concentrate the damage on the damper 3. The damper 3 can be easily replaced after damage.
The beneficial effect of this embodiment is: the support 2 in the support is placed in the middle of the upper support plate and the lower support plate 4, no connecting measure is provided, and the corner or the periphery of the support is provided with the shear key 5 with the triangular section, so that the rigid support and the swinging component, namely the support, can freely swing while preventing sliding, and the overlarge shearing sliding resistance and uncontrollable shearing damage of the traditional rubber support are avoided.
The lower end of the damper 3 is anchored on the lower support plate 4 through an anchoring connecting plate 3-3 and a damper anchoring bolt 7, and the upper end is a free end. When the support swings, the damper 3 is not restrained in the height direction of the damper 3, and only horizontal lateral force generated by the limiting block 8 with the groove on the expansion head 3-1 of the damper 3 is received, so that the seismic energy is dissipated through bending deformation of the damper 3. After the earthquake is damaged, the damaged damper 3 can be taken down, the new conical damper 3 can be conveniently replaced, and the conical damper has better replaceability.
The support piece 2 swings, the damage of the support piece 2 can be reduced, and meanwhile, the swinging support piece 2 has good self-resetting capability under the self weight of the upper structure; the damper 3 can enhance the swinging energy consumption capability of the support. The support sways the deformation principle in this embodiment, and the support realizes simultaneously bearing and energy consumption function separation, sways deformation and the energy consumption reduction major structure damage from restoring to throne through the support, improves the antidetonation toughness and the recoverability of engineering structure.
The embodiment has the advantages of simple structure, clear stress mechanism, easy realization, wide application range and wide application range, and can be widely applied to engineering structures. After earthquake, the damage is concentrated on the damper 3 and can be used after being slightly repaired, so that the traffic lifeline is not interrupted, and the rescue time in disaster areas is shortened. Besides, the embodiment can also be used in the field of shock absorption and shock isolation of building engineering.
The embodiment converts the shearing deformation mode of the existing support into the swinging energy consumption mode. The cradle is provided with self-resetting capability and energy dissipating capability by the rocking of the strut 2 in the cradle and the bending of the damper 3. This embodiment breaks through traditional support design thinking, and the design is nimble, and the atress is clear and definite, and through the damage that sways the lightening support of support piece 2, will damage and concentrate on attenuator 3, make the support avoid uncontrollable shear deformation and shear failure simultaneously, have better power consumption ability and from the reset ability. The damper 3 can be quickly replaced after being damaged, and has the characteristic of quick repair. The problems of poor energy consumption capability, overlarge shearing deformation or overlarge residual displacement of the traditional support under the action of an earthquake can be solved.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a swing type is from restoring to throne support, includes upper bracket board and undersetting board, its characterized in that still includes support piece and attenuator, support piece places on the undersetting board, the upper bracket board is placed support piece is last, support piece's periphery is equipped with a plurality ofly the attenuator, the bottom of attenuator with fixed connection can be dismantled to the undersetting board, the top of attenuator with swing joint about can dismantling between the upper bracket board.
2. The rocking self-resetting support according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of shear keys are respectively connected to the bottom surface of the upper support plate and the top surface of the lower support plate at the periphery of the support; the distance between the lower end of the shear key connected with the upper support plate and the side wall of the support piece is greater than the distance between the upper end of the shear key connected with the lower support plate and the side wall of the support piece, and the distance between the upper end of the shear key connected with the lower support plate and the side wall of the support piece is greater than the distance between the lower end of the shear key and the side wall of the support piece.
3. The rocking self-resetting support according to claim 2, wherein the side of the shear key facing the support is beveled; the top of shear force key that the upper bracket board is connected with support piece meets, the connection of undersetting board the bottom of shear force key with support piece meets.
4. A rocking self-resetting support according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a plurality of said dampers are symmetrically distributed about said support.
5. The rocking type self-resetting support according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a stopper is connected to a bottom surface of the upper support plate at a position corresponding to the damper, a groove matching with a top of the damper is provided on the stopper, the top of the damper is inserted into the groove, and a gap is provided between the top of the damper and a bottom of the groove.
6. The rocking self-resetting support of claim 5, wherein the groove has a width greater than a width of the top of the damper.
7. The rocking self-resetting support according to claim 5, wherein the damper comprises a dissipative section, the top of the dissipative section being connected to an enlarged head, the enlarged head being inserted into the recess.
8. The rocking self-resetting support according to claim 7, wherein the cross-sectional dimension of the bottom of the dissipative segment is larger than the cross-sectional dimension of the top.
9. The rocking self-resetting support according to claim 5, wherein an anchoring connection plate is connected to the bottom of the damper, the anchoring connection plate being connected to the lower support plate.
CN202021339208.3U 2020-07-09 2020-07-09 Swing type self-resetting support Active CN212656109U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111764267A (en) * 2020-07-09 2020-10-13 北京工业大学 Swing type self-resetting support
CN117167201A (en) * 2023-09-06 2023-12-05 重庆大学 Hybrid wind power tower system and self-resetting energy dissipation supporting device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111764267A (en) * 2020-07-09 2020-10-13 北京工业大学 Swing type self-resetting support
CN117167201A (en) * 2023-09-06 2023-12-05 重庆大学 Hybrid wind power tower system and self-resetting energy dissipation supporting device

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