CN212524457U - Solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212524457U
CN212524457U CN202020585405.7U CN202020585405U CN212524457U CN 212524457 U CN212524457 U CN 212524457U CN 202020585405 U CN202020585405 U CN 202020585405U CN 212524457 U CN212524457 U CN 212524457U
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fine crushing
crushing
fine
chamber
material guide
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CN202020585405.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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滕步彬
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Guangxi Huabao Fiber Products Co ltd
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Guangxi Huabao Fiber Products Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a solid organic waste crushing and sorting integrated machine, the left side of the machine body is a coarse crushing chamber, two pairs of coarse crushing rollers are arranged in the coarse crushing chamber, the bottom of the coarse crushing chamber is provided with a material guide plate with downward inclination, the lower end of the material guide plate extends into the material guide cavity, the bottom of the material guide cavity is connected with a fine crushing and screening chamber on the right side through a material guide port, a plurality of pairs of fine crushing rollers are sequentially arranged in the fine crushing and screening chamber from left to right, the material guide port is arranged above the space between the leftmost pair of fine crushing rollers, a vibrating screen is arranged below the fine crushing and screening chamber, the right side of the fine crushing and screening chamber is provided with an opening, a screen mesh and a bottom plate are arranged on the vibrating screen mesh, the right ends of the screen mesh and the bottom plate incline downwards and extend out, a plurality of guide plates are also arranged on the screen mesh, a discharging guide port is also fixed, the opening of ejection of compact guiding hole is located the side of organism, the utility model discloses machining efficiency can be improved.

Description

Solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a solid organic waste crushing selects separately all-in-one.
Background
The hardness of the nodulation parts of organic wastes such as straws and the like is too high, the fiber content is large, and the organic wastes are not suitable for resource utilization, for example, the excessive nodulation parts are crushed and mixed into the material, but the phenomena of uneven density and concave-convex parts are easily caused on the paperboard made of the wastes, the crusher separator in the prior art can only screen the particle size, after the processing is finished, further air separation is needed, and the processing efficiency is lower.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to overcome the not enough of above-mentioned prior art, provide a solid organic waste crushing selects separately all-in-one.
The technical scheme of the utility model is that: a solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine comprises a machine body, wherein a coarse crushing chamber is arranged on the left side of the machine body, a feed hopper is arranged at the top of the coarse crushing chamber, two pairs of coarse crushing rollers are arranged in the machine body below the feed hopper, a guide plate with a downward inclination is arranged at the bottom of the coarse crushing chamber, the lower end of the guide plate extends into a guide cavity, the bottom of the guide cavity is connected with a fine crushing and screening chamber positioned on the right side through a guide opening, a plurality of pairs of fine crushing rollers are sequentially arranged above the fine crushing and screening chamber from left to right, the guide opening is positioned above the leftmost pair of fine crushing rollers, a vibrating screen is arranged below the fine crushing and screening chamber, an opening is arranged on the right side of the fine crushing and screening chamber, a screen mesh and a bottom plate are arranged on the vibrating screen mesh, the right ends of the screen mesh and the bottom plate, the top of the screen is arranged close to each pair of fine crushing rollers, a plurality of guide plates are further arranged on the screen, a discharging guide port is further fixed on the outer side of the opening, the right end of the screen is covered in the discharging guide port, and the opening of the discharging guide port is located on the side face of the machine body.
Furthermore, the top of the coarse crushing chamber is also provided with a baffle which is inclined inwards and downwards.
Furthermore, the left end of the frame of the vibrating screen is provided with a sliding block, a sliding rail corresponding to the sliding block is arranged in the fine crushing and screening chamber, the sliding block is connected to the sliding rail in a vertical sliding mode and is connected with the bottom of the fine crushing and screening chamber through a spring, a connecting rod is further fixed to the sliding block, waist holes corresponding to the connecting rod are formed in the sliding rail and the fine crushing and screening chamber, the connecting rod penetrates out of the fine crushing and screening chamber through the waist holes and is fixed with a vibrating motor, and a cover cap is further arranged in the fine crushing and screening chamber above the sliding rail.
Furthermore, the sloping surface of each guide plate is triangular.
Further, the fine crushing roller has three pairs, namely a first fine crushing roller, a second fine crushing roller and a third fine crushing roller which are named as the three pairs from left to right in sequence, wherein the outer wall of the first fine crushing roller is provided with transverse ribs, the outer wall of the second fine crushing roller is provided with vertical ribs, and the outer wall of the third fine crushing roller is provided with obliquely arranged ribs.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model discloses separately be coarse crushing and thin broken two steps with crushing process, in the thin crushing process, rely on screen cloth and deflector to bounce through a broken material and carry out the secondary crushing, consequently, the great material of the higher quality of density obtains the screening, falls on the screen cloth and discharges, and the hardness that contains among the tiny particle is too high, the material that fibre content is big significantly reduces, can directly put into use, and need not further selection by winnowing to improve machining efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a first fine crushing roller of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a second fine crushing roller of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a third fine crushing roller according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention is further specifically described below by way of examples and with reference to the accompanying drawings.
With reference to fig. 1 and 2, the solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine comprises a machine body, wherein a coarse crushing chamber 1 is arranged on the left side of the machine body, a feed hopper 2 is arranged at the top of the coarse crushing chamber 1, two pairs of coarse crushing rollers 3 are arranged in the machine body below the feed hopper 2, crushing teeth are densely distributed on the outer walls of the two pairs of coarse crushing rollers 3, one end of each of the two coarse crushing rollers 3 in the same pair penetrates through the machine body and is meshed with the other through a gear, and one end of each of the two coarse crushing rollers 3 in the same pair is also connected with a driving motor, so that the effective crushing range of a large area can improve the rapid feeding and crushing of organic waste such as straws; the top of the rough crushing chamber 1 is also provided with a baffle 4 which is obliquely arranged downwards inwards, so that organic waste such as straws and the like cannot fall to a gap between the rough crushing roller 3 and the inner wall of the rough crushing chamber 1 when falling;
the bottom of the coarse crushing chamber 1 is provided with a guide plate 5 which inclines downwards, the lower end of the guide plate 5 extends into a guide cavity 6, the bottom of the guide cavity 6 is connected with a fine crushing and screening chamber 8 which is positioned on the right side through a guide opening 7, a pair of first fine crushing rollers 9, a pair of second fine crushing rollers 10 and a pair of third fine crushing rollers 11 are sequentially arranged above the fine crushing and screening chamber 8 from left to right, wherein the guide opening 7 is positioned above the two first fine crushing rollers 9, a vibrating screen is arranged below the fine crushing and screening chamber 8, the left end of a rack of the vibrating screen is provided with a slide block 12, the fine crushing and screening chamber 8 is internally provided with a slide rail 13 corresponding to the slide block 12, the slide block 12 is connected on the slide rail 13 in a vertical sliding manner and is connected with the bottom of the fine crushing and screening chamber 8 through a spring 14, a connecting rod 15 is further fixed on the slide block 12, the slide rail 13 and the fine crushing and screening chamber 8 are provided with waist holes corresponding to the connecting rod 15, the connecting rod 15 penetrates out of the fine crushing and screening chamber 8 through the waist holes and is fixed with a vibrating motor 16, a cover 17 is further arranged in the fine crushing and screening chamber 8 above the slide rail 13 to prevent crushed particles from falling into the slide rail 13, the right end of a rack of the vibrating screen is connected with the fine crushing and screening chamber 8 through a spring 14, and through the structure, the vibrating motor 16 can drive the vibrating screen to vibrate integrally;
the right side of the fine crushing and screening chamber 8 is provided with an opening, the vibrating screen is provided with a screen 18 and a bottom plate 19, the right ends of the screen 18 and the bottom plate 19 are inclined downwards and extend out of the opening, the top of the screen 18 is arranged close to each pair of the first fine crushing roller 9, the second fine crushing roller 10 and the third fine crushing roller 11, the screen 18 is further provided with a plurality of guide plates 20, the sloping surface of each guide plate 20 is triangular, the material which is coarsely crushed into large particles moves towards the right direction in the vibrating process of the vibrating screen, when the material moves to the guide plates 20, the large particles can generate large jumping, and then fall into gaps among each pair of the first fine crushing roller 9, the second fine crushing roller 10 and the third fine crushing roller 11 to be further crushed, and the material which is crushed into the small particles falls into the bottom plate 19 through the screen 18 and synchronously moves towards the opening direction; one end of each of the first fine crushing roller 9, the second fine crushing roller 10 and the third fine crushing roller 11 in the same pair penetrates through the machine body and is meshed with the machine body through a gear, and one end of each of the two crushing rollers in the same pair is also connected with a driving motor;
a discharge guide port 21 is further fixed on the outer side of the opening, the right end of the screen 18 is covered in the discharge guide port 21, and the opening of the discharge guide port 21 is positioned on the side surface of the machine body, so that large-particle materials (parts which are too high in fiber content, heavy in mass and not suitable for resource utilization) which cannot be effectively crushed are discharged out of the side surface of the machine body through the discharge guide port 21, and fine-particle materials are discharged out of the right end of the bottom plate 19;
in particular, as shown in fig. 3, the outer wall of said first fine crushing roller 9 has transverse ribs;
specifically, as shown in FIG. 4, the outer wall of the second fine crushing roller 10 has vertical ribs;
specifically, as shown in fig. 5, the outer wall of the third fine crushing roller 11 has ribs obliquely arranged thereon;
the above-mentioned burr setting of equidirectional is favorable to carrying out more comprehensive breakage to the material of large granule.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation is: workers put organic wastes such as dried straws into a feed hopper 2, two pairs of coarse crushing rollers 3 are used for quickly crushing the organic wastes such as the straws, the crushed large-particle materials enter a fine crushing and screening chamber 8 along a material guide plate 5 and a material guide opening 7, the crushed large-particle materials are firstly crushed by a first fine crushing roller 9 and fall onto a bottom plate 19 below a screen 18, a lot of large-particle materials cannot be effectively crushed due to large feeding amount, the screen 18 and the bottom plate 19 vibrate continuously along with the action of a vibration motor 16, the large-particle materials on the screen 18 continuously bounce upwards by the screen 18 and a guide plate 20 while moving towards the right side, and then fall into gaps among each pair of the first fine crushing roller 9, the second fine crushing roller 10 and a third fine crushing roller 11 repeatedly for crushing again, the crushed small-particle materials also fall onto the guide plate 20, and finally, large-particle materials (parts with too high fiber content and heavy mass and unsuitable for resource utilization) which cannot be effectively crushed are discharged out of the side face of the machine body through the discharge guide opening 21, and fine-particle materials are discharged from the right end of the bottom plate 19, so that crushing and sorting are completed at one time.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. When an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. The terms "vertical," "horizontal," "left," "right," and the like as used herein are for illustrative purposes only and do not represent the only embodiments.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used herein in the description of the invention is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a solid organic waste crushing selects separately all-in-one, includes the organism, its characterized in that: the left side of the machine body is a coarse crushing chamber, the top of the coarse crushing chamber is provided with a feed hopper, two pairs of coarse crushing rollers are arranged in the machine body below the feed hopper, the bottom of the coarse crushing chamber is provided with a material guide plate which inclines downwards, the lower end of the material guide plate extends into the material guide cavity, the bottom of the material guide cavity is connected with a fine crushing and screening chamber on the right side through a material guide opening, a plurality of pairs of fine crushing rollers are sequentially arranged in the fine crushing and screening chamber from left to right, the material guide opening is arranged above the portion between the pair of fine crushing rollers on the leftmost side, a vibrating screen is arranged below the fine crushing and screening chamber, the right side of the fine crushing and screening chamber is provided with an opening, the vibrating screen is provided with a screen mesh and a bottom plate, the right ends of the screen mesh and the bottom plate incline downwards and extend out the opening, the top of the screen mesh is arranged close to each pair, the screen is characterized in that a discharging guide port is further fixed on the outer side of the opening, the right end of the screen is covered in the discharging guide port, and the opening of the discharging guide port is located on the side face of the machine body.
2. The solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine according to claim 1, wherein: the top of the coarse crushing chamber is also provided with a baffle which is inclined inwards and downwards.
3. The solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine according to claim 1, wherein: the rack left end of shale shaker has the slider, be equipped with the slide rail corresponding with the slider in the fine crushing divides the sieve room, sliding connection is in about the slider on the slide rail and be connected through the spring and the bottom of fine crushing branch sieve room, still be fixed with a connecting rod on the slider, slide rail and fine crushing divide the sieve room on have with the corresponding waist hole of connecting rod, the connecting rod is worn out the fine crushing branch sieve room through the waist hole and is fixed with a vibrating motor, still be equipped with a shroud in the fine crushing branch sieve room of slide rail top.
4. The solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine according to claim 1, wherein: the slope surface of each guide plate is triangular.
5. The solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine according to claim 1, wherein: the fine crushing roller has three pairs, namely a first fine crushing roller, a second fine crushing roller and a third fine crushing roller which are named as three pairs from left to right in sequence, wherein the outer wall of the first fine crushing roller is provided with transverse wales, the outer wall of the second fine crushing roller is provided with vertical wales, and the outer wall of the third fine crushing roller is provided with wales which are obliquely arranged.
CN202020585405.7U 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine Active CN212524457U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020585405.7U CN212524457U (en) 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020585405.7U CN212524457U (en) 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212524457U true CN212524457U (en) 2021-02-12

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ID=74519534

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020585405.7U Active CN212524457U (en) 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Solid organic waste crushing and sorting all-in-one machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212524457U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113475244A (en) * 2021-07-13 2021-10-08 上海炎凰建筑工程设备有限公司 Pretreatment process for environment-friendly wheat straw board

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113475244A (en) * 2021-07-13 2021-10-08 上海炎凰建筑工程设备有限公司 Pretreatment process for environment-friendly wheat straw board

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