CN212432449U - Automatic leakage detection device for fuel cell stack - Google Patents

Automatic leakage detection device for fuel cell stack Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212432449U
CN212432449U CN202021655682.7U CN202021655682U CN212432449U CN 212432449 U CN212432449 U CN 212432449U CN 202021655682 U CN202021655682 U CN 202021655682U CN 212432449 U CN212432449 U CN 212432449U
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monitoring unit
leakage
flow monitoring
leakage flow
cavity
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蔚永欢
洪浩祯
程志国
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Lvzhi New Energy Technology Shanghai Co ltd
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Lvzhi New Energy Technology Shanghai Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells

Abstract

The utility model provides an automatic leak hunting device of fuel cell stack, including detection pressure control monitoring unit, hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit, cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit and oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit. The pressure detection control monitoring unit controls and monitors the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to the preset value of the hydrogen cavity, and the leakage phenomenon of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is monitored. And the pressure detection control monitoring unit controls and monitors the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to the preset value of the cooling cavity. The pressure detection control monitoring unit controls and monitors the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to the preset value of the oxygen cavity, and monitors the leakage phenomenon of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit or the mutual leakage phenomenon of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit from the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit. The utility model provides an automatic leak hunting device can accomplish the test of setting for each cavity automatically, uses more in a flexible way, increases the monitoring accuracy.

Description

Automatic leakage detection device for fuel cell stack
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a fuel cell field particularly, relates to an automatic leak hunting device of fuel cell stack.
Background
Generally speaking, at present, as the social demand for energy is increasing, the consumption of fossil fuel and the rapid rise of greenhouse gas, the new energy revolution of clean, safe, high-efficiency and low-carbon is becoming a great trend, and hydrogen as a clean secondary energy carrier has become an important component part of the future energy revolution due to the characteristics of convenient conversion into electricity and heat and high conversion efficiency, and a fuel cell stack has been widely applied to the fields of automobiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, trains and the like due to the advantages of high energy conversion rate, low noise and zero emission of hydrogen.
However, since hydrogen as a fuel is flammable and explosive, the fuel cell stack as a reaction carrier needs to have good sealing performance and perform a comprehensive air tightness test before shipment, so as to prevent accidents caused by leakage of hydrogen due to poor sealing performance of individual fuel cell stacks during a large amount of actual fuel cell stacks.
At present, the main fuel cell stack tightness detection equipment on the market is mainly manually operated to detect, and because the fuel cell stack needs to respectively detect the leakage and the mutual leakage of three cavities (hydrogen cavity, cooling cavity and oxygen cavity), the detection efficiency under the manual mode is lower, and a channel needs to be plugged and pulled to a connecting pipeline after being switched, and another cavity is tested, so that the condition that the test data caused by repeated plugging and pulling of the joint is inaccurate can be caused under the condition.
The other main problem is that the equipment under the existing condition can only measure the total leakage of three cavities independently because the equipment mainly adopts a differential pressure method for measurement, and the mutual leakage condition between two cavities of another total required parameter can not be measured. In this case, the quality of the galvanic pile can be misjudged, and unnecessary economic loss is generated for enterprises.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the present invention provides an automatic leak detection device and method for a fuel cell stack, which can solve the problem of low manual detection efficiency and reliability and the problem of mutual leakage between two cavities of the fuel cell stack.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
in a first aspect, the present invention provides an automatic leak detection device for a fuel cell stack, the automatic leak detection device includes:
a detection pressure control monitoring unit;
the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is connected with the detection pressure control monitoring unit, and the detection pressure control monitoring unit is used for controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to a preset value of the hydrogen cavity and monitoring the leakage phenomenon of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit;
the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is connected with the detection pressure control monitoring unit, and the detection pressure control monitoring unit is also used for controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to a preset value of the cooling cavity and monitoring the leakage phenomenon of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and/or the mutual leakage phenomenon from the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit;
the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is connected with the detection pressure control monitoring unit, and the detection pressure control monitoring unit is also used for controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to an oxygen cavity preset value and monitoring the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to generate an outward leakage phenomenon and/or the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to generate an outward leakage phenomenon to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit.
In a second aspect, the utility model provides an automatic leak hunting method of fuel cell stack, automatic leak hunting method is applied to automatic leak hunting device of fuel cell stack, automatic leak hunting device is including detecting pressure control monitoring unit, hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit, cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit and oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit, it connects to detect pressure control monitoring unit hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit reaches oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit, the automatic leak hunting method includes:
the pressure detection control monitoring unit controls and monitors the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to a preset value of the hydrogen cavity, and monitors the leakage phenomenon of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit;
the pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is controlled and monitored by the detection pressure control monitoring unit according to a preset value of the cooling cavity, and the leakage phenomenon of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and/or the mutual leakage phenomenon from the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit are monitored;
and the detection pressure control monitoring unit controls and monitors the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to the preset value of the oxygen cavity, and monitors the leakage phenomenon of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and/or the mutual leakage phenomenon of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit from the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit.
The utility model provides an automatic leak hunting device can accomplish the test of setting for each cavity automatically, uses more in a flexible way, increases the monitoring accuracy. The utility model provides an automatic leak hunting device can automatic output and record test data, and the intermediate process need not artificial intervention, and efficiency and stability of improvement test that can be very big can leak each other between each cavity of automated inspection, provides the foundation for the bad judgement of product, increases the productivity.
In order to make the aforementioned and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, preferred embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention, and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is a schematic block diagram of an automatic leak detection apparatus for a fuel cell stack according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an automatic leak detection device for a fuel cell stack according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a flowchart of a method for detecting a leak of a fuel cell stack according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to the embodiments of the present invention, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to like or similar elements or elements having like or similar functions throughout.
It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. The components of embodiments of the present invention, as generally described and illustrated in the figures herein, may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations. Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the accompanying drawings, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. Based on the embodiment of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by the person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Please refer to fig. 1 and fig. 2. Fig. 1 is a schematic block diagram of an automatic leak detection device (hereinafter referred to as "automatic leak detection device") for a fuel cell stack according to the present invention. Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an automatic leak detection device for a fuel cell stack according to the present invention.
In one embodiment, the automatic leak detection apparatus 100 includes a detection pressure control monitoring unit 110, a hydrogen chamber leak flow monitoring unit 120, a cooling chamber leak flow monitoring unit 130, and an oxygen chamber leak flow monitoring unit 140. The hydrogen chamber leakage flow rate monitoring unit 120 is connected to the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110. The cooling chamber leakage flow rate monitoring unit 130 is connected to the detected pressure control monitoring unit 120. The oxygen chamber leakage flow rate monitoring unit 140 is connected to the detection pressure control monitoring unit 130. The detection pressure control and monitoring unit 110 is used for controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 120 according to a preset hydrogen chamber value, and a technician in the field can preset the preset hydrogen chamber value to be 30-100 KPa. In other words, when the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 detects that the preset value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120 is insufficient, the external leakage phenomenon may occur, and an alarm unit, such as a buzzer or a communication chip, which is built in may send out alarm information, so as to increase applicability.
In an embodiment, the pressure detecting control and monitoring unit 110 is further configured to control and monitor the air pressure value of the cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 130 according to a preset value of the cooling chamber, and a technician in the art can preset the preset value of the hydrogen chamber to be 100-200 KPa. The pressure detecting control and monitoring unit 110 is used to monitor the leakage phenomenon of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130 and/or the mutual leakage phenomenon of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130 leaking to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120, for example, the pressure detecting control and monitoring unit 110 may monitor the leakage phenomenon of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130, and the pressure detecting control and monitoring unit 110 may also monitor the mutual leakage phenomenon of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130 leaking to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120. The detection pressure control and monitoring unit 110 is further configured to control and monitor the air pressure value of the oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 140 according to the oxygen chamber preset value, and a technician in the art can preset the oxygen chamber preset value to be 30-100 KPa. And the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 monitors the leakage phenomenon of the oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 140 and/or the mutual leakage phenomenon of the oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 140 from the hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 120 to the cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 130. For example, detect pressure control monitoring unit 110 and can monitor that oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 140 takes place independent outer phenomenon of leaking, detect pressure control monitoring unit 110 and also can monitor that oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 140 leaks to each other phenomenon of leaking of hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 120 and cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 130, wherein, hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 120, cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 130 and oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 140 all probably take place each other phenomenon of leaking, by the utility model provides a detect the atmospheric pressure that pressure control monitoring unit 110 comes each cavity of automatic accurate monitoring, avoid taking place outer phenomenon and each other phenomenon of leaking.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, the detection pressure control and monitoring unit 110 includes a high-precision pressure controller, a 0-leakage two-position two-normally-closed valve 4, a 0-leakage two-normally-closed valve 5, and a 0-leakage two-normally-closed valve 6. Two normally closed valves 4 of 0 leakage, two normally closed valves 5 of 0 leakage and two normally closed valves 6 of 0 leakage set up in high accuracy pressure controller and galvanic pile between with the mode side by side respectively, set up the pressure monitoring port that sets up in high accuracy pressure controller and be used for the entry end pressure of direct monitoring galvanic pile.
In an embodiment, when the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 controls and monitors the leakage amount of the gas pressure value of the hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 120 according to the preset hydrogen chamber value, after the two-position two-way normally-closed valve 6 with 0 leakage is opened, the high-precision pressure controller of the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 outputs the pressure gas with the preset value to the hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 120 through the monitoring loop, and the high-precision pressure controller obtains the gas pressure value of the hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 120. And when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit reaches a set value, stopping inflating the monitoring loop, and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120 does not reach the set value, inflating the monitoring loop. In one embodiment, when the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 controls and monitors the leakage amount of the air pressure value of the cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 120 according to the preset value of the cooling chamber, after the two-position two-way normally-closed valve 5 with 0 leakage is opened, the high-precision pressure controller of the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 outputs the pressure gas with the preset value to the cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 130 through the monitoring loop, and the high-precision pressure controller obtains the air pressure value of the cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 130. When the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130 reaches a set value, the monitoring loop is stopped to be inflated, and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit does not reach the set value, the monitoring loop is inflated.
In an embodiment, when the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 controls and monitors the leakage amount of the air pressure value of the oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit according to the preset oxygen chamber value, after the two-position two-way normally-closed valve 4 with 0 leakage is opened, the high-precision pressure controller outputs the pressure gas with the preset value to the oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 140 through the monitoring loop, and the high-precision pressure controller obtains the air pressure value of the oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 140. When the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 140 reaches a set value, the monitoring loop is stopped to be inflated, and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 140 does not reach the set value, the monitoring loop is inflated. In other words, the utility model provides a detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 mainly used provides accurate, stable pressure source for the testing process, and wherein the pressure monitoring port can skip the pressure of middle detecting element (can regard as 0 to leak two normally closed valves 4, 0 to leak two normally closed valves 5 and 0 to leak two normally closed valves 6) direct monitoring galvanic pile entry end, and this kind of form can reduce the loss of pressure of gaseous through detecting element, and the accuracy of controlling each cavity pneumatic valve is higher. In addition, the automatic leak detection device 100 further includes a gas source decompression unit, which mainly includes a pressure indicator of a pressure reducing valve gauge and is mainly used for decompressing the nitrogen source of the test gas, so as to protect the high-precision pressure controller at the rear end (for example, the port of the pressure controller can bear the highest pressure not exceeding 300KPa)
In one embodiment, the hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 120 includes a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 1, a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 2, a 0-leakage two-position two-normally-open valve 1, a 0-leakage two-normally-closed valve 1, and a high-precision mass flow meter 1. When the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 detects external leakage of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120, after the two-position three-way valve 1 for leakage 0, the two-position three-way valve 2 for leakage 0, the two-position two-way normally closed valve 1 for leakage 0 and the two-position two-way normally opened valve 1 for leakage 0 are opened, the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120 is rapidly inflated to reach a set value, the two-position two-way normally closed valve 1 for leakage 0 is closed, and gas supplemented by the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 flows through the high-precision mass flowmeter 1, so that the leakage amount of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120 is detected. After the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 completes the external leakage detection of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120, the 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 1, the 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 2 and the 0-leakage two-position normally-opened valve 1 are closed, then, the residual pressure in the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120 flows through the 0-leakage two-position normally-opened valve 1, the 0-leakage two-position normally-opened valve 2, the 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 1 and the high-precision mass flowmeter 1 to reach the exhaust port of the 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 2 to obtain the leaked gas, and the leaked gas flows through the high-precision mass flowmeter 1 through the monitoring loop to detect the mutual leakage phenomenon that the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120 leaks to. For example, the main function of the 0-leak two-position normally-open valve 1 may be to prevent the high-pressure gas of the hydrogen chamber test of the hydrogen chamber leak flow monitoring unit 120 from interfering with it, thereby increasing the monitoring accuracy.
In one embodiment, the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130 includes a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 3, a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 4, a 0-leakage two-position two-normally-opened valve 2, a 0-leakage two-normally-closed valve 2, and a high-precision mass flow meter 2. When the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 inflates the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130, the two-position leakage three-way valve 3, the two-position leakage three-way valve 4, the two-position leakage two-way normally-closed valve 2 and the two-position leakage two-way normally-opened valve 2 are opened, respectively. When the pressure control and monitoring unit 110 is used for inflating the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130 and monitoring the pressure to reach the set pressure, the two-position 0-leakage normally-closed valve 2 is closed, the leakage of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130 is detected by the gas flowing through the high-precision mass flow meter 2, and the leakage of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 110 is detected by the monitoring loop flowing through the high-precision mass flow meter 2 so that the mutual leakage phenomenon from the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130 to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120 and the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 140 is detected.
In one embodiment, the oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit 140 includes a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 5, a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 6, a 0-leakage two-position two-normally-open valve 3, a 0-leakage two-normally-closed valve 3, and a high-precision mass flow meter 3. When the detection pressure control monitoring unit 110 inflates the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 140, the two-position 0-leakage three-way valve 5, the two-position 0-leakage three-way valve 6, the two-position 0-leakage two-way normally-closed valve 3 and the two-position 0-leakage normally-opened valve 3 are opened. When the pressure control and monitoring unit 110 is used for inflating the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 140 and monitoring the pressure to reach the set pressure, the two-position two-way normally-closed valve 3 with 0 leakage is closed, the leakage of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 140 is detected by the gas flowing through the high-precision mass flow meter 3, and the leakage of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 140 flows through the high-precision mass flow meter 3 through a monitoring loop so as to detect the mutual leakage phenomenon from the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 140 to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 120 and the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit 130.
Example 2
Please refer to fig. 3. Fig. 3 is a flowchart of a method for detecting a leak of a fuel cell stack according to the present invention.
An automatic leak detection method for a fuel cell stack is applied to an automatic leak detection device for the fuel cell stack, the automatic leak detection device comprises a detection pressure control monitoring unit, a hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, a cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and an oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, the detection pressure control monitoring unit is connected with the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, and the automatic leak detection method comprises the following steps:
s310, controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit by the detection pressure control monitoring unit according to a preset hydrogen cavity value, and monitoring the leakage phenomenon of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit;
s320, controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit by the detection pressure control monitoring unit according to a preset value of the cooling cavity, and monitoring the leakage phenomenon of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and/or the mutual leakage phenomenon from the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit;
s330, controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit by the detection pressure control monitoring unit according to an oxygen cavity preset value, and monitoring the leakage phenomenon of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and/or the mutual leakage phenomenon of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit from the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit.
In an embodiment, the detection pressure control monitoring unit comprises a high-precision pressure controller, a 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 4, a 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 5 and a 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 6, wherein the two-leakage two-way normally-closed valve 4, the 0-leakage two-way normally-closed valve 5 and the 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 6 are respectively arranged between the high-precision pressure controller and a stack in a side-by-side manner, and a pressure monitoring port arranged on the high-precision pressure controller is used for directly monitoring the pressure at the inlet end of the stack;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit controls and monitors the leakage amount of the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to the preset value of the hydrogen cavity, after the 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 6 is opened, the high-precision pressure controller outputs pressure gas with a preset value to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit through a monitoring loop, and the high-precision pressure controller acquires the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit; when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit reaches a set value, stopping inflating the monitoring loop, and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit does not reach the set value, inflating the monitoring loop;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit controls and monitors the leakage amount of the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to a preset value of the cooling cavity, after the 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 5 is opened, the high-precision pressure controller outputs pressure gas with a preset value to the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit through the monitoring loop, and the high-precision pressure controller acquires the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit; when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit reaches a set value, stopping inflating the monitoring loop, and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit does not reach the set value, inflating the monitoring loop;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit controls and monitors the leakage amount of the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to the preset value of the oxygen cavity, after the 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 4 is opened, the high-precision pressure controller outputs pressure gas with a preset value to the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit through the monitoring loop, and the high-precision pressure controller acquires the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit; and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit reaches a set value, stopping inflating the monitoring loop, and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit does not reach the set value, inflating the monitoring loop.
In one embodiment, the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit comprises a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 1, a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 2, a 0-leakage two-position two-normally-opened valve 1, a 0-leakage two-normally-closed valve 1 and a high-precision mass flowmeter 1;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit detects external leakage of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, after the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 1, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 2, the 0 leakage two-position normally-closed valve 1 and the 0 leakage two-position normally-opened valve 1 are opened, the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is rapidly inflated to reach a set value, the 0 leakage two-position normally-closed valve 1 is closed, and gas fed in by the detection pressure control monitoring unit flows through the high-precision mass flowmeter 1 so as to detect the leakage amount of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit;
the method comprises the steps that after a detection pressure control monitoring unit detects the leakage of a hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, the leakage two-position three-way valve 1 is closed, the leakage two-position three-way valve 2 reaches the leakage two-position normally-opened valve 1, then the residual pressure in the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit flows through the leakage two-position normally-opened valve 1, the leakage two-position normally-opened valve 2 is 0, the leakage two-position three-way valve 1 is 0, a high-precision mass flowmeter 1 reaches the exhaust port of the leakage two-position three-way valve 2, leakage part gas is obtained, and the leakage part gas flows through a monitoring loop to detect the mutual leakage phenomenon that the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit leaks to a cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and an oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit.
In one embodiment, the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit comprises a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 3, a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 4, a 0-leakage two-position two-normally-opened valve 2, a 0-leakage two-normally-closed valve 2 and a high-precision mass flowmeter 2;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit is used for inflating the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 3, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 4, the 0 leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 2 and the 0 leakage two-position two-way normally-opened valve 2 are opened;
by it is defeated right to detect pressure control monitoring unit cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit aerifys and monitors and reach the settlement pressure after, close 0 leak two normally closed valve 2, thereby detect out through flowing through high accuracy mass flow meter 2's gas cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's hourglass, cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's hourglass is passed through the monitoring return circuit flows through thereby it leaks to each other of hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit and oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit to detect out cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit leak.
In one embodiment, the oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit comprises a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 5, a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 6, a 0-leakage two-position two-normally-opened valve 3, a 0-leakage two-normally-closed valve 3 and a high-precision mass flowmeter 3;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit is used for inflating the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 5, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 6, the 0 leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 3 and the 0 leakage two-position normally-opened valve 3 are opened;
by it is defeated right to detect pressure control monitoring unit oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit aerifys and monitors and reach the settlement pressure after, close 0 leak two normally closed valves 3, thereby detect out through flowing through high accuracy mass flow meter 3's gas oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's hourglass, oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's hourglass is passed through the monitoring return circuit flows through thereby it leaks to each other of hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit and cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit to detect out oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit leak.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the above description, in combination with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, clearly and completely describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, and obviously, the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. The components of embodiments of the present invention, as generally described and illustrated in the figures herein, may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the above detailed description of the embodiments of the invention provided in the accompanying drawings is not intended to limit the scope of the invention as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. An automatic leak detection apparatus for a fuel cell stack, comprising:
a detection pressure control monitoring unit;
the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is connected with the detection pressure control monitoring unit, and the detection pressure control monitoring unit is used for controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to a preset value of the hydrogen cavity and monitoring the leakage phenomenon of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit;
the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is connected with the detection pressure control monitoring unit, and the detection pressure control monitoring unit is also used for controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to a preset value of the cooling cavity and monitoring the leakage phenomenon of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and/or the mutual leakage phenomenon from the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit;
the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is connected with the detection pressure control monitoring unit, and the detection pressure control monitoring unit is also used for controlling and monitoring the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to an oxygen cavity preset value and monitoring the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to generate an outward leakage phenomenon and/or the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit to generate an outward leakage phenomenon to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit.
2. The automatic leak detection device according to claim 1, wherein the detection pressure control monitoring unit comprises a high-precision pressure controller, a 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 4, a 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 5 and a 0-leakage two-way normally-closed valve 6, the two-leakage two-way normally-closed valve 4, the 0-leakage two-way normally-closed valve 5 and the 0-leakage two-way normally-closed valve 6 are respectively arranged between the high-precision pressure controller and the stack in a side-by-side manner, and a pressure monitoring port arranged on the high-precision pressure controller is used for directly monitoring the pressure at the inlet end of the stack;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit controls and monitors the leakage amount of the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to the preset value of the hydrogen cavity, after the 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 6 is opened, the high-precision pressure controller outputs pressure gas with a preset value to the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit through a monitoring loop, and the high-precision pressure controller acquires the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit; when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit reaches a set value, stopping inflating the monitoring loop, and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit does not reach the set value, inflating the monitoring loop;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit controls and monitors the leakage amount of the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to a preset value of the cooling cavity, after the 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 5 is opened, the high-precision pressure controller outputs pressure gas with a preset value to the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit through the monitoring loop, and the high-precision pressure controller acquires the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit; when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit reaches a set value, stopping inflating the monitoring loop, and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit does not reach the set value, inflating the monitoring loop;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit controls and monitors the leakage amount of the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit according to the preset value of the oxygen cavity, after the 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 4 is opened, the high-precision pressure controller outputs pressure gas with a preset value to the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit through the monitoring loop, and the high-precision pressure controller acquires the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit; and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit reaches a set value, stopping inflating the monitoring loop, and when the high-precision pressure controller monitors that the air pressure value of the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit does not reach the set value, inflating the monitoring loop.
3. The automatic leak detection device according to claim 2, wherein the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit comprises a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 1, a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 2, a 0-leakage two-position two-normal open valve 1, a 0-leakage two-normal closed valve 1 and a high-precision mass flowmeter 1;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit performs external leakage detection on the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, after the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 1, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 2, the 0 leakage two-position normally-closed valve 1 and the 0 leakage two-position normally-opened valve 1 are opened, the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit is rapidly inflated to reach a set value, the 0 leakage two-position normally-closed valve 1 is closed, and gas fed in by the detection pressure control monitoring unit flows through the high-precision mass flowmeter 1 so as to detect the leakage amount of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit completes the leakage detection of the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, closing the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 1, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 2 and the 0 leakage two-position normally open valve 1, then, the residual pressure in the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit flows through the 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-opened valve 1, the 0-leakage two-position two-way normally-opened valve 2, the 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 1 and the high-precision mass flowmeter 1 to reach the exhaust port of the 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 2 to obtain the leakage part gas, and the leaked gas flows through the high-precision mass flowmeter 1 through the monitoring loop so as to detect the mutual leakage phenomenon that the hydrogen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit leaks to the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit and the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit.
4. The automatic leak detection device according to claim 2, wherein the cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit comprises a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 3, a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 4, a 0-leakage two-position two-normal open valve 2, a 0-leakage two-normal closed valve 2 and a high-precision mass flowmeter 2;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit is used for inflating the cooling cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 3, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 4, the 0 leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 2 and the 0 leakage two-position normally-opened valve 2 are opened;
when it is defeated right to detect pressure control monitoring unit cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit aerifys and monitors and reach the settlement pressure after, close 0 leak two normally closed valve 2, thereby detect out through flowing through high accuracy mass flow meter 2's gas cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's hourglass, cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's hourglass is passed through the monitoring return circuit flows through thereby high accuracy mass flow meter 2 detects out cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit leaks to hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit and oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's mutual hourglass phenomenon.
5. The automatic leak detection device according to claim 2, wherein the oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit comprises a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 5, a 0-leakage two-position three-way valve 6, a 0-leakage two-position two-normal open valve 3, a 0-leakage two-normal closed valve 3 and a high-precision mass flowmeter 3;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit is used for inflating the oxygen cavity leakage flow monitoring unit, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 5, the 0 leakage two-position three-way valve 6, the 0 leakage two-position two-way normally-closed valve 3 and the 0 leakage two-position normally-opened valve 3 are opened;
when the detection pressure control monitoring unit is defeated right oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit aerifys and monitors and reach the settlement pressure after, close 0 leak two normally closed valve 3, thereby detect out through flowing through high accuracy mass flow meter 3's gas oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's hourglass, oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's hourglass is passed through the monitoring return circuit flows through high accuracy mass flow meter 3 thereby detects out oxygen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit leaks to hydrogen chamber leakage flow monitoring unit and cooling chamber leakage flow monitoring unit's mutual hourglass phenomenon.
CN202021655682.7U 2020-08-11 2020-08-11 Automatic leakage detection device for fuel cell stack Active CN212432449U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113394432A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-14 上海韵量新能源科技有限公司 Method for detecting leakage position in cooling liquid flow field of fuel cell stack

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113394432A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-14 上海韵量新能源科技有限公司 Method for detecting leakage position in cooling liquid flow field of fuel cell stack

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