CN212419739U - Intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool - Google Patents

Intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN212419739U
CN212419739U CN202021102836.XU CN202021102836U CN212419739U CN 212419739 U CN212419739 U CN 212419739U CN 202021102836 U CN202021102836 U CN 202021102836U CN 212419739 U CN212419739 U CN 212419739U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
fixed plate
rack
machine tool
driving device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202021102836.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴志强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changzhou Vocational Institute of Light Industry
Original Assignee
Changzhou Vocational Institute of Light Industry
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changzhou Vocational Institute of Light Industry filed Critical Changzhou Vocational Institute of Light Industry
Priority to CN202021102836.XU priority Critical patent/CN212419739U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN212419739U publication Critical patent/CN212419739U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of machine tool equipment, in particular to an intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool, a workpiece is of an annular structure, the machine tool comprises a frame, a fixed plate for placing the workpiece and a cutter for boring the workpiece, the fixed plate is rotationally arranged on the frame, a first driving device for driving the fixed plate to rotate is arranged on the frame, and the fixed plate is switched between a processing station of the workpiece and an unloading station of the workpiece in a reciprocating way, when the machine tool is used, the fixed plate is driven to rotate by the first driving device, the fixed plate is driven to be switched between the processing station and the unloading station, when the fixed plate is at the processing station, a fixed mechanism on the frame fixes the workpiece on the fixed plate, a third driving device drives the second driving device to move, meanwhile, the second driving device drives the cutter to rotate and bores the workpiece, when the fixed plate is at the unloading station, the workpiece is separated from the fixed plate under the action of self weight, so that the workpiece is automatically clamped and unloaded, and the working efficiency is improved.

Description

Intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the machine tool equipment technique and specifically relates to an intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool is related to.
Background
A machine tool is a machine for manufacturing machines, also called a machine tool or a machine tool, and is conventionally referred to as a machine tool. Generally, the machining method is divided into a metal cutting machine, a forging machine, a woodworking machine and the like. The methods for machining machine parts in modern machine manufacturing are numerous: in addition to cutting, casting, forging, welding, pressing, extruding, etc., however, in general, a part requiring high precision and fine surface roughness is finished by cutting on a machine tool. The machine tool plays an important role in the construction of national economy modernization.
The existing machine tools are standard equipment, specific clamps are required to be manufactured for clamping during processing of certain specific parts, the parts are clamped more complexly, the parts are required to be installed and disassembled gradually by manpower, and the working efficiency is reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is: in order to solve the problems that the existing machine tool is standard equipment, a specific clamp needs to be manufactured for clamping specific parts during processing, the parts are more complicated to clamp and need to be installed and disassembled manually gradually, and the working efficiency is reduced, the intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool is provided.
The utility model provides a technical scheme that its technical problem adopted is: an intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool is provided, a workpiece is of an annular structure and comprises a rack, a fixing plate for placing the workpiece and a cutter for boring the workpiece, wherein the fixing plate is rotatably arranged on the rack, a first driving device for driving the fixing plate to rotate is arranged on the rack, the fixing plate can be switched between machining stations of the workpiece and unloading stations of the workpiece in a reciprocating manner, a second driving device for driving the cutter to rotate and bore the workpiece is arranged on the rack, the second driving device is slidably arranged on the rack, a third driving device for driving the second driving device to slide on the rack is arranged on the rack, the cutter can be close to or far away from the workpiece, a fixing mechanism for clamping the workpiece is arranged on the rack, and when the fixing plate rotates to the machining stations of the workpiece, the workpiece on the fixing plate is clamped and fixed by the fixing mechanism, when the fixed plate is not positioned at the workpiece processing station, the fixing mechanism is separated from the workpiece on the fixed plate.
The utility model discloses a first drive arrangement drives the fixed part and rotates, drive the fixed plate and switch at processing station and uninstallation station, when the fixed plate is when processing station, fixed establishment in the frame fixes the work piece on the fixed plate, and drive the displacement of second drive arrangement by third drive arrangement, second drive arrangement drives the cutter simultaneously and rotates and carry out the bore hole to the work piece, when the fixed plate is when uninstalling the station, the work piece breaks away from the fixed plate under the dead weight effect, realize automatic clamping and uninstallation to the work piece, and work efficiency is improved.
In order to realize the fixing mechanism, further, the fixing mechanism comprises an upper jaw and a push plate, the first driving device comprises a swing cylinder, the output end of the swing cylinder is provided with a swing rod, a guide groove with an arc structure is arranged on the rack, one end of the swing rod penetrates through the guide groove and is arranged on a fixed plate, a plurality of lower jaws are arranged on the fixed plate along the circumferential direction, the upper jaw is arranged on the rack in a sliding manner, a first spring is arranged between the rack and the upper jaw, the push plate is arranged on the rack in a sliding manner, a second spring is arranged between the rack and the push plate, the contact surface between the push plate and the upper jaw is an inclined surface, when the swing rod is in contact with the push plate, the push plate drives the upper jaw to be close to a workpiece and realizes that the workpiece is clamped on the fixed plate, and when the swing rod is separated from the push plate, the push plate is restored to the initial position under, the upper jaw is restored to an initial position by the force of the first spring. The swing cylinder drives the swing rod to contact with the push plate, so that the push plate drives the upper clamping jaw to move and fix the workpiece on the fixed plate.
In order to realize the sliding of the upper clamping jaw on the frame, further, a guide shaft matched with the upper clamping jaw is arranged on the frame, and the upper clamping jaw is arranged in the guide shaft in a sliding manner. The upper clamping jaw is arranged on the guide shaft on the rack in a sliding manner, so that the upper clamping jaw can slide on the rack.
Further, the second driving device is a servo motor.
In order to realize the sliding of the second driving device on the frame, further, a linear guide rail is arranged on the frame, a sliding block matched with the linear guide rail is arranged on the second driving device, and the sliding block is arranged on the linear guide rail in a sliding manner. The second driving device slides on the rack through the linear guide rail arranged on the rack in a sliding manner by the sliding block on the second driving device.
Further, the third driving device is a telescopic cylinder.
In order to realize the automatic clamping of the workpiece, furthermore, be provided with the push plate that is used for placing the workpiece in the frame, the fixed plate is located push plate and cutter and between, be provided with in the frame and be used for being close to the fourth drive arrangement who perhaps keeps away from the push plate, work as when fixed plate and frame level set up, the push pedal drives the work piece and shifts to the fixed plate gradually to the realization is with on work piece propelling movement to the fixed plate.
Furthermore, a sliding groove matched with the workpiece is arranged on the rack, and the sliding groove is arranged along the displacement direction of the workpiece. The second guide groove plays a role in guiding and limiting the workpiece.
In order to ensure that the workpiece automatically falls from the pushing plate, a guide sleeve for guiding the workpiece is arranged above the rack, and the guide sleeve and the pushing plate are arranged correspondingly. The guide sleeve is arranged above the machine frame and plays a role in guiding the workpiece.
Furthermore, a baffle plate used for shielding the workpiece is arranged on the pushing plate along the displacement of the pushing plate, and the baffle plate is arranged below the guide sleeve. The baffle plays the shutoff effect to the uide bushing, guarantees that the work piece is in the uide bushing when the propelling movement work piece.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model discloses automatic many drive machine tool of intelligence is when using, it rotates to drive the fixed part through first drive arrangement, it switches at machining station and uninstallation station to drive the fixed plate, when the fixed plate is when machining station, fixed establishment in the frame fixes the work piece on the fixed plate, and drive the displacement of second drive arrangement by third drive arrangement, second drive arrangement drives the cutter simultaneously and rotates and carry out the bore hole to the work piece, when the fixed plate is when uninstallation station, the work piece breaks away from the fixed plate under the dead weight effect, realize work piece automatic clamping and uninstallation, work efficiency has been improved, it is standardized equipment to have avoided current lathe all, just need to make specific anchor clamps to the processing of some specific spare parts and carry out the centre gripping, the spare part clamping is more loaded down with trivial details, need artifical installation and dismantlement gradually, work efficiency's problem has been reduced.
Drawings
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the fixing mechanism on the frame of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the fixing mechanism on the frame of the present invention in a clamping state;
fig. 4 is a right side view of the middle fixing plate of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a rack, 2, a fixing plate, 3, a cutter, 4, an upper jaw, 5, a push plate, 6, a linear guide rail, 7, a sliding block, 8, a first spring, 9, a second spring, 10, a guide shaft, 11, a guide groove, 12, a sliding groove, 13, a lower jaw, 14, a guide sleeve, 15, a pushing plate, 16, a baffle, 17, a first driving device, 18, a second driving device, 19, a third driving device, 20, a fourth driving device, 21 and a swinging rod.
Detailed Description
The utility model discloses the following embodiment of combining does further detailing:
the utility model discloses not confine the following embodiment to, general technical personnel in this field can adopt other multiple embodiment to implement according to the utility model discloses a, perhaps all adopt the utility model discloses a design structure and thinking do simple change or change, all fall into the utility model discloses a protection scope. It should be noted that, in the present invention, the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience of description and for simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second", etc. are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first," "second," etc. may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art through specific situations.
As shown in fig. 1-4, an intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool, a workpiece is of an annular structure, the machine tool includes a frame 1, a fixing plate 2 for placing the workpiece, and a tool 3 for boring the workpiece, the fixing plate 2 is rotatably disposed on the frame 1, a first driving device 17 for driving the fixing plate 2 to rotate is disposed on the frame 1, and the fixing plate 2 is reciprocally switched between a processing station of the workpiece and an unloading station of the workpiece, a second driving device 18 for driving the tool 3 to rotate and bore the workpiece is disposed on the frame 1, the second driving device 18 is slidably disposed on the frame 1, a third driving device 19 for driving the second driving device 18 to slide on the frame 1 is disposed on the frame 1, and the tool 3 is moved close to or away from the workpiece, a fixing mechanism for clamping the workpiece is disposed on the frame 1, when the fixed plate 2 rotates to a workpiece processing station, the fixed mechanism clamps and fixes the workpiece on the plate of the fixed plate 2, and when the fixed plate 2 is not positioned at the workpiece processing station, the fixed mechanism is separated from the workpiece on the plate of the fixed plate 2.
The fixing mechanism comprises an upper jaw 4 and a push plate 5, the first driving device 17 comprises a swing cylinder, an output end of the swing cylinder is provided with a swing rod 21, a guide groove 11 with an arc-shaped structure is arranged on the rack 1, one end of the swing rod 21 penetrates through the guide groove 11 and is arranged on the fixed plate 2, a plurality of lower jaws 13 are arranged on the fixed plate 2 along the circumferential direction, the upper jaw 4 is arranged on the rack 1 in a sliding manner, a first spring 8 is arranged between the rack 1 and the upper jaw 4, the push plate 5 is arranged on the rack 1 in a sliding manner, a second spring 9 is arranged between the rack 1 and the push plate 5, a contact surface between the push plate 5 and the upper jaw 4 is an inclined surface, when the swing rod 21 is in contact with the push plate 5, the push plate 5 drives the upper jaw 4 to be close to a workpiece and realizes that the workpiece is clamped on the fixed plate 2, and when the swing rod 21 is separated from, the push plate 5 is restored to the initial position by the force of the second spring 9, and the upper jaw 4 is restored to the initial position by the force of the first spring 8.
The frame 1 is provided with a guide shaft 10 matched with the upper jaw 4, and the upper jaw 4 is arranged in the guide shaft 10 in a sliding manner.
The second drive 18 is a servomotor.
The frame 1 is provided with a linear guide rail 6, the second driving device 18 is provided with a sliding block 7 matched with the linear guide rail 6, and the sliding block 7 is arranged on the linear guide rail 6 in a sliding mode.
The third driving device 19 is a telescopic cylinder.
Be provided with the push plate 15 that is used for placing the work piece in the frame 1, fixed plate 2 is located push plate 15 and cutter 3 and between, be provided with in the frame 1 and be used for being close to the fourth drive arrangement 20 that perhaps keeps away from push plate 15, work as when fixed plate 2 sets up with frame 1 level, push plate 5 drives the work piece and shifts to fixed plate 2 gradually to the realization is with work piece propelling movement to fixed plate 2.
The frame 1 is provided with a chute 12 matched with a workpiece, and the chute 12 is arranged along the displacement direction of the workpiece.
A guide sleeve 14 for guiding the workpiece is arranged above the machine frame 1, and the guide sleeve 14 is arranged corresponding to the push plate 15.
And a baffle 16 for shielding the workpiece is arranged on the push plate 15 along the displacement thereof, and the baffle 16 is arranged below the guide sleeve 14.
When the intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool is used, a workpiece is placed in the guide sleeve 14, the workpiece in the guide sleeve 14 automatically falls into the sliding groove 12, the fourth driving device 20 drives the pushing plate 15 to displace and push the workpiece to the fixed plate 2, the workpiece is clamped on the lower jaw 13 on the fixed plate 2, the swinging cylinder of the first driving device 17 drives the swinging cylinder to swing, the swinging rod 21 drives the fixed plate 2 to rotate and rotate to a processing station, when the swinging rod 21 is in contact with the push plate 5 and drives the push plate 5 to displace towards the direction of the upper jaw 4, the second spring 9 is extruded and applies a directional acting force, the upper jaw 4 moves downwards under the action of the push plate 5 and extrudes the first spring 8, the first spring 8 applies the directional acting force to the upper jaw 4, the upper jaw 4 gradually approaches the workpiece, and the workpiece is surrounded and clamped between the upper jaw 4 and the lower jaw 13, so that the workpiece is fixed on the fixed plate 2, then the third driving device 19 is started to drive the second driving device 18 to displace, and simultaneously the second driving device 18 is started to drive the cutter 3 to rotate, namely, the cutter is bored towards the workpiece;
after finishing processing, the swing cylinder drives the swing rod 21 to rotate, and the fixing plate 2 is enabled to rotate towards the unloading station, at the moment, the swing rod 21 pushes the push plate 5, the push plate 5 is restored to the initial position under the action of the second spring 9, the upper clamping jaw 4 is restored to the initial position under the action of the first spring 8, when the fixing plate 2 reaches the unloading station, a workpiece is directly separated from the fixing plate 2 under the action of self weight, unloading of the workpiece is finished, and finally the swing cylinder drives the fixing plate 2 to rotate and restore to the workpiece clamping position.
In light of the foregoing, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art from this disclosure that various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an automatic many drive lathe of intelligence, work piece are cyclic annular structure, its characterized in that: the machine tool comprises a rack (1), a fixing plate (2) used for placing a workpiece and a cutter (3) used for boring the workpiece, wherein the fixing plate (2) is rotatably arranged on the rack (1), a first driving device (17) used for driving the fixing plate (2) to rotate is arranged on the rack (1), the fixing plate (2) is switched between a machining station of the workpiece and an unloading station of the workpiece in a reciprocating manner, a second driving device (18) used for driving the cutter (3) to rotate and boring the workpiece is arranged on the rack (1), the second driving device (18) is slidably arranged on the rack (1), a third driving device (19) used for driving the second driving device (18) to slide on the rack (1) is arranged on the rack (1), the cutter (3) is close to or far away from the workpiece, and a fixing mechanism used for clamping the workpiece is arranged on the rack (1), when the fixed plate (2) rotates to a workpiece processing station, the fixed mechanism clamps and fixes the workpiece on the fixed plate (2), and when the fixed plate (2) is not positioned at the workpiece processing station, the fixed mechanism is separated from the workpiece on the fixed plate (2).
2. The intelligent automated multi-drive machine tool of claim 1, wherein: the fixing mechanism comprises an upper clamping jaw (4) and a push plate (5), the first driving device (17) comprises a swing cylinder, the output end of the swing cylinder is provided with a swing rod (21), the rack (1) is provided with a guide groove (11) with an arc-shaped structure, one end of the swing rod (21) penetrates through the guide groove (11) and is arranged on a fixed plate (2), the fixed plate (2) is provided with a plurality of lower clamping jaws (13) along the circumferential direction, the upper clamping jaw (4) is arranged on the rack (1) in a sliding manner, a first spring (8) is arranged between the rack (1) and the upper clamping jaw (4), the push plate (5) is arranged on the rack (1) in a sliding manner, a second spring (9) is arranged between the rack (1) and the push plate (5), the contact surface between the push plate (5) and the upper clamping jaw (4) is an inclined surface, and when the swing rod (21) is in contact with the push plate (5), push pedal (5) drive jack catch (4) and are close to the work piece to realize the work piece centre gripping on fixed plate (2), work as swinging arms (21) and push pedal (5) break away from the time, push pedal (5) resume to initial position under the effort of second spring (9), go up jack catch (4) and resume to initial position under the effort of first spring (8).
3. The intelligent automated multi-drive machine tool of claim 2, wherein: the clamping device is characterized in that a guide shaft (10) matched with the upper clamping jaw (4) is arranged on the rack (1), and the upper clamping jaw (4) is arranged in the guide shaft (10) in a sliding mode.
4. The intelligent automated multi-drive machine tool of claim 1, wherein: the second driving device (18) is a servo motor.
5. The intelligent automated multi-drive machine tool according to claim 1 or 4, wherein: the frame (1) is provided with a linear guide rail (6), the second driving device (18) is provided with a sliding block (7) matched with the linear guide rail (6), and the sliding block (7) is arranged on the linear guide rail (6) in a sliding mode.
6. The intelligent automated multi-drive machine tool of claim 1, wherein: the third driving device (19) is a telescopic cylinder.
7. The intelligent automated multi-drive machine tool of claim 2, wherein: be provided with push plate (15) that are used for placing the work piece in frame (1), fixed plate (2) are located push plate (15) and cutter (3) and between, be provided with in frame (1) and be used for being close to push plate (15) or fourth drive arrangement (20) of keeping away from, work as when fixed plate (2) and frame (1) level set up, push pedal (5) drive work piece gradually to fixed plate (2) displacement to the realization is with work piece propelling movement to fixed plate (2) on.
8. The intelligent automated multi-drive machine tool of claim 7, wherein: the machine frame (1) is provided with a sliding groove (12) matched with a workpiece, and the sliding groove (12) is arranged along the displacement direction of the workpiece.
9. The intelligent automated multi-drive machine tool of claim 7, wherein: a guide sleeve (14) used for guiding the workpiece is arranged above the rack (1), and the guide sleeve (14) and the push plate (15) are arranged correspondingly.
10. The intelligent automated multi-drive machine tool of claim 9, wherein: a baffle (16) used for shielding the workpiece is arranged on the pushing plate (15) along the displacement of the pushing plate, and the baffle (16) is arranged below the guide sleeve (14).
CN202021102836.XU 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 Intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool Active CN212419739U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021102836.XU CN212419739U (en) 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 Intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021102836.XU CN212419739U (en) 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 Intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212419739U true CN212419739U (en) 2021-01-29

Family

ID=74280897

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021102836.XU Active CN212419739U (en) 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 Intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212419739U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN107243661B (en) Drilling device of full-automatic square hole machine for shaft
CN212419739U (en) Intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool
CN211438212U (en) Special boring machine for pump body machining
CN116275212B (en) Vertical machining center
CN211727588U (en) Novel drilling machine
CN219357767U (en) Motor bridge wire pre-clamping butt-welding wire cutting equipment
CN109531175B (en) Punching and drilling integrated machine
CN102259268B (en) Numerical-control hydraulic angle iron sinker drill compound machine
CN111545791A (en) Intelligent automatic multi-drive machine tool
CN217254800U (en) High-precision cutting machine tool with positioning structure
CN215546763U (en) Cutter clamping mechanism for ultra-precise numerical control machine tool
CN211332140U (en) Chamfering machine for compressor cylinder block
CN112872408B (en) Automatic perforating device of ingot casting
CN213729667U (en) Cylinder type automobile plate positioning, clamping and grooving mechanism
CN110961688B (en) Clamp center hole drilling machine
CN202129628U (en) Numerical control hydraulic punching and drilling compound machine for angle steels
CN110774001A (en) Chamfering machine for compressor cylinder block and using method thereof
CN216178291U (en) Multi-station inflating valve machining device
CN219234024U (en) Drilling machine for brake back plate
CN219852395U (en) Profile cutting device
CN216398236U (en) Automatic cutting device is used in metal tubular product processing
CN212704508U (en) Round steel centre bore processingequipment
CN209736681U (en) Automatic assembly line type tapping drill
CN217728345U (en) Tool changing structure of grinding machine
CN217529232U (en) Truss manipulator intelligent workstation is joined in marriage to numerical control lathe

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant