CN212109279U - Wood drying machine - Google Patents

Wood drying machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212109279U
CN212109279U CN202020764152.XU CN202020764152U CN212109279U CN 212109279 U CN212109279 U CN 212109279U CN 202020764152 U CN202020764152 U CN 202020764152U CN 212109279 U CN212109279 U CN 212109279U
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China
Prior art keywords
drying chamber
inner box
hot water
water inner
fan
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Application number
CN202020764152.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱圣钦
俞新平
江飞
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Huangshan Aofer Furniture Co ltd
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Huangshan Aofer Furniture Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020764152.XU priority Critical patent/CN212109279U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a timber drying-machine belongs to the processing or the save technical field who is used for timber or similar material, aims at solving the problem of guaranteeing to be done ligneous quality. This timber drying-machine, including the drying chamber, the finned tube radiator, the water tank, electric heater, steam generator, the air supply fan, the hydrofuge pipe, hydrofuge fan, a condenser, gas-liquid heat exchanger, the humiture probe, the electric cabinet, the water tank includes cold water inner box and hot water inner box, the finned tube radiator sets up the inner wall at the drying chamber, the finned tube radiator passes through the circulation pipeline with the hot water inner box and is connected, steam generator is connected with the hot water inner box, steam generator's steam exhaust mouth is connected to the drying chamber of timber drying-machine through the admission pipe, the one end of hydrofuge pipe sets up the hydrofuge fan, the condenser is connected to the other end of hydrofuge pipe, gas-liquid heat exchanger connects the delivery port and the drying chamber gas vent of condenser respectively, the cold water. The utility model is used for timber is dried.

Description

Wood drying machine
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of a processing or save for timber or similar material, especially, relate to a timber drying-machine.
Background
Wood contains a certain amount of moisture. The amount of water in the wood varies with the species, age and season of felling. In order to ensure the quality and prolong the service life of wood and wood products, proper measures must be taken to reduce the moisture in the wood to a certain degree. To reduce the moisture content of the wood, the temperature of the wood is increased to evaporate and move the moisture in the wood outward, so that the moisture rapidly leaves the wood in the air with a certain flow speed, thereby achieving the purpose of drying. In order to ensure the quality of the dried wood, the humidity of the drying medium must also be controlled to obtain a fast and high-quality drying of the wood, a process called wood drying. The drying of the wood is an important link for guaranteeing and improving the quality of the wood, reducing the loss of the wood, and the like and improving the utilization rate of the wood.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the technical problem and providing a wood drying machine.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a wood dryer comprises a drying chamber, a finned tube radiator, a water tank, an electric heater, a steam generator, an air supply fan, a moisture exhaust pipe, a moisture exhaust fan, a condenser, a gas-liquid heat exchanger, a temperature and humidity probe and an electric cabinet, wherein the drying chamber is provided with an air inlet and an air outlet, the water tank comprises a cold water inner box and a hot water inner box, the cold water inner box is arranged above the hot water inner box and is connected with the hot water inner box through a return water pipe, the electric heater is arranged on the hot water inner box, the finned tube radiator is arranged on the inner wall of the drying chamber, the finned tube radiator is connected with the hot water inner box through a circulating pipeline, a water pump is arranged on the circulating pipeline, the steam generator is connected with the hot water inner box, a steam outlet of the steam generator is connected to the drying chamber of the wood dryer through a steam inlet pipe, the air supply, the air supply fan is arranged in the drying chamber, the air supply fan is arranged to supply air from bottom to top, the moisture removal pipe is arranged at the top of the drying chamber, the moisture removal fan is arranged at one end of the moisture removal pipe, the other end of the moisture removal pipe is connected with the condenser, the gas-liquid heat exchanger is respectively connected with the water outlet of the condenser and the air outlet of the drying chamber, the cold water inner box is connected with the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid heat exchanger, the temperature and humidity probe is arranged at the air inlet, and the water pump, the electric heater, the steam generator, the air supply fan and the moisture removal fan are respectively connected with the.
Preferably, the steam inlet pipe is connected with a drying chamber air inlet, and the air inlet is arranged at the bottom of the side wall of the drying chamber.
Preferably, the electric heater is provided as an electric heating pipe installed in the hot water inner tank.
Preferably, the electric heater is provided as an electric heating plate or an electric heating coil or a heat tracing band mounted on an outer wall of the hot water inner tank.
Preferably, the air supply fan is an axial flow fan arranged at the top of the drying chamber.
After the technical scheme is adopted, the utility model has the advantages of as follows:
the water in the hot water inner tank is heated in an electric heating mode, so that the energy supply of a boiler is eliminated, and the energy is saved and the environment is protected; hot water in the hot water inner tank radiates heat into the drying chamber through the finned tube radiator, so that the drying chamber keeps a certain drying temperature; hot water in the hot water inner tank is converted into high-temperature steam through the steam generator and enters the drying chamber, so that the humidity of a drying medium is controlled, and the effect of drying wood quickly and high in quality is achieved; the moist steam in the drying chamber enters the condenser through the moisture exhaust pipe, the condenser condenses the moist steam into liquid water with lower temperature, and the liquid water enters the cold water inner box after exchanging heat with high-temperature air exhausted from the exhaust port of the drying chamber in the gas-liquid heat exchanger, so that the drying machine does not need to discharge waste water to the outside, and the period of adding water into the water tank is greatly reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a wood dryer of the present invention;
in the figure:
1-a shell; 2-a drying chamber; 201-air inlet; 202-an exhaust port; 3-finned tube radiator; 4-a water tank; 401-cold water inner tank; 402-hot water inner tank; 5-an electric heater; 6-a steam generator; 7-an air supply fan; 8-a moisture removal pipe; 9-a moisture removal fan; 10-a condenser; 11-a gas-liquid heat exchanger; 12-temperature and humidity probe; 13-an electric cabinet; 14-a water return pipe; 15-a circulation line; 16-a water pump; 17-steam inlet pipe.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, a wood dryer comprises a shell 1, a drying chamber 2, a finned tube radiator 3, a water tank 4, an electric heater 5, a steam generator 6, an air supply fan 7, a moisture exhaust pipe 8, a moisture exhaust fan 9, a condenser 10, a gas-liquid heat exchanger 11, a temperature and humidity probe 12 and an electric cabinet 13.
The drying chamber 2 is provided with an air inlet 201 and an air outlet 202.
The water tank 4 includes a cold water inner tank 401 and a hot water inner tank 402, and the cold water inner tank 401 is disposed above the hot water inner tank 402 and connected to the hot water inner tank 402 through a return pipe 14. The electric heater 5 is used to heat the water in the hot water inner tank 402. The arrangement of the electric heater 5 includes, but is not limited to, the following forms: an electric heating pipe provided to be installed in the hot water inner tank 402; an electric heating plate or an electric heating coil or a heat tracing band is provided to be installed on the outer wall of the hot water inner tank 402. The electric heater 5 may also be provided in combination of the above various forms.
The finned tube radiator 3 is arranged on the inner wall of the drying chamber 2. The finned tube radiator 3 is connected with the hot water inner tank 402 through a circulating pipeline 15, and a water pump 16 is arranged on the circulating pipeline 15. The finned tube radiator 3 adopts aluminum or stainless steel fins, so that the surface area of the radiator is increased, and the heat exchange efficiency is improved.
The steam generator 6 is connected with the hot water inner box 402, the steam outlet of the steam generator 6 is connected to the drying chamber 2 of the wood dryer through a steam inlet pipe 17, and the steam inlet pipe 17 is arranged at the bottom of the side wall of the drying chamber 2. In this embodiment, the steam inlet pipe 17 is connected to the drying chamber air inlet 201.
The air supply fan 7 is provided with a plurality of air supply fans 7, the air supply fans 7 are arranged in the drying chamber 2, and the air supply fans 7 supply air from bottom to top. The air supply fan 7 is generally an axial flow fan disposed at the top of the drying chamber 2.
The dehumidifying pipe 8 is arranged at the top of the drying chamber 2, a dehumidifying fan 9 is arranged at one end of the dehumidifying pipe 8, and a condenser 10 is connected at the other end of the dehumidifying pipe 8.
The gas-liquid heat exchanger 11 is respectively connected with the water outlet of the condenser 10 and the exhaust port 202 of the drying chamber, and is used for exchanging heat between the cooling water discharged from the condenser 10 and the hot air discharged from the drying chamber 2. The cold water inner tank 401 is connected to a liquid discharge port of the gas-liquid heat exchanger 11.
The temperature and humidity probe 12 is disposed at the air inlet 201.
The water pump 16, the electric heater 5, the steam generator 6, the air supply fan 7 and the moisture exhaust fan 9 are respectively connected with the electric cabinet 13.
The wood dryer heats water in the hot water inner tank in an electric heating mode, and energy supply of a boiler is eliminated, so that the wood dryer is energy-saving and environment-friendly; hot water in the hot water inner tank radiates heat into the drying chamber through the finned tube radiator, so that the drying chamber keeps a certain drying temperature; hot water in the hot water inner tank is converted into high-temperature steam through the steam generator and enters the drying chamber, so that the humidity of a drying medium is controlled, and the effect of drying wood quickly and high in quality is achieved; the moist steam in the drying chamber enters the condenser through the moisture exhaust pipe, the condenser condenses the moist steam into liquid water with lower temperature, and the liquid water enters the cold water inner box after exchanging heat with high-temperature air exhausted from the exhaust port of the drying chamber in the gas-liquid heat exchanger, so that the drying machine does not need to discharge waste water to the outside, and the period of adding water into the water tank is greatly reduced.
In addition to the preferred embodiments described above, other embodiments of the present invention are also possible, and those skilled in the art can make various changes and modifications according to the present invention without departing from the spirit of the present invention, which should fall within the scope of the present invention defined by the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. The wood dryer is characterized by comprising a drying chamber (2), a finned tube radiator (3), a water tank (4), an electric heater (5), a steam generator (6), an air supply fan (7), a humidity exhaust pipe (8), a humidity exhaust fan (9), a condenser (10), a gas-liquid heat exchanger (11), a temperature and humidity probe (12) and an electric cabinet (13), wherein the drying chamber (2) is provided with an air inlet (201) and an air outlet (202), the water tank (4) comprises a cold water inner box (401) and a hot water inner box (402), the cold water inner box (401) is arranged above the hot water inner box (402) and is connected with the hot water inner box (402) through a return water pipe (14), the electric heater (5) is arranged on the hot water inner box (402), the finned tube radiator (3) is arranged on the inner wall of the drying chamber (2), and the finned tube radiator (3) is connected with the hot water inner box (402) through a circulating pipeline (15), the wood drying machine is characterized in that a water pump (16) is arranged on the circulating pipeline (15), the steam generator (6) is connected with the hot water inner box (402), a steam outlet of the steam generator (6) is connected to a drying chamber (2) of the wood drying machine through a steam inlet pipe (17), the air supply fan (7) is arranged in a plurality of numbers, the air supply fan (7) is arranged in the drying chamber (2), the air supply fan (7) is arranged to supply air from bottom to top, the moisture exhaust pipe (8) is arranged at the top of the drying chamber (2), one end of the moisture exhaust pipe (8) is provided with a moisture exhaust fan (9), the other end of the moisture exhaust pipe (8) is connected with a condenser (10), the gas-liquid heat exchanger (11) is respectively connected with a water outlet of the condenser (10) and an exhaust port (202) of the drying chamber, the cold water inner box (401) is connected with a liquid outlet of the gas-liquid heat exchanger (11), and the, the water pump (16), the electric heater (5), the steam generator (6), the air supply fan (7) and the moisture exhaust fan (9) are respectively connected with the electric cabinet (13).
2. The wood dryer according to claim 1, characterized in that the steam inlet duct (17) is connected to a drying chamber air inlet (201), the air inlet (201) being arranged at the bottom of the side wall of the drying chamber (2).
3. The wood dryer according to claim 1, characterized in that the electric heater (5) is provided as an electric heating pipe installed in the hot water inner tank (402).
4. The wood dryer according to claim 1, characterized in that the electric heater (5) is provided as an electric heating plate or a coil or a heat trace mounted on the outer wall of the hot water inner tank (402).
5. The wood dryer according to claim 1, characterized in that the supply fan (7) is an axial fan arranged at the top of the drying chamber (2).
CN202020764152.XU 2020-05-11 2020-05-11 Wood drying machine Active CN212109279U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020764152.XU CN212109279U (en) 2020-05-11 2020-05-11 Wood drying machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020764152.XU CN212109279U (en) 2020-05-11 2020-05-11 Wood drying machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212109279U true CN212109279U (en) 2020-12-08

Family

ID=73616507

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020764152.XU Active CN212109279U (en) 2020-05-11 2020-05-11 Wood drying machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212109279U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT17554U1 (en) * 2021-03-09 2022-07-15 Herbert Hauptkorn Device and method for drying objects and/or materials, in particular wood

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT17554U1 (en) * 2021-03-09 2022-07-15 Herbert Hauptkorn Device and method for drying objects and/or materials, in particular wood

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