CN212013535U - Stony desertification area plant digging device - Google Patents

Stony desertification area plant digging device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212013535U
CN212013535U CN202020007914.1U CN202020007914U CN212013535U CN 212013535 U CN212013535 U CN 212013535U CN 202020007914 U CN202020007914 U CN 202020007914U CN 212013535 U CN212013535 U CN 212013535U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
damping
drill bit
cylinder
wall
fixed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN202020007914.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨柳君
侯金波
陈培培
黄苹
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Hongsen Gaoke Forestry Co ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Hongsen Gaoke Forestry Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020007914.1U priority Critical patent/CN212013535U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN212013535U publication Critical patent/CN212013535U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a plant digging device in stony desertification region, which comprises a supporting mechanism damping mechanism and a digging mechanism, wherein the damping mechanism comprises a fixed cylinder and a damping cylinder, a second annular chute is arranged in the fixed cylinder, an annular rubber ring is sleeved on the inner wall of the fixed cylinder, and a first annular chute is arranged in the damping cylinder; the pit digging mechanism is provided with a motor box and a drill bit, fixed columns are fixed on two sides of the motor box, supporting rods transversely penetrate through the fixed columns through sliding holes, two ends of each supporting rod are connected through annular sliding blocks, the annular sliding blocks are rotatably connected with first annular sliding grooves, the drill bit comprises a first drill bit and a second drill bit, the first drill bit and the second drill bit are matched, a spiral blade is arranged on the outer wall of the first drill bit, a pointed end is arranged at the lower end of the first drill bit, and a plurality of protruding columns are arranged on the outer wall of the second drill bit. The utility model discloses can make things convenient for the adjustment of drill bit, realize better shock attenuation, avoid the plant damage.

Description

Stony desertification area plant digging device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a digging device, in particular to stony desertification area plant digging device.
Background
Stony desertification refers to the serious soil erosion, large-area bare bedrock and the soil degradation phenomenon of the surface of the earth in a lithification manner in subtropical and tropical moist karst areas, and is the most serious ecological problem in the karst areas; the stony desertification is comprehensively treated, the damaged natural ecosystem is gradually recovered, the most common method for keeping the water and soil loss is afforestation, and the digging operation is required in the afforestation process.
Chinese utility model patent CN207612589U discloses a plant digging device for forestry, which comprises a digging device, a vibration damper and a lifting device, wherein the digging device comprises an upper top plate, a motor I, a digging bit and a top, the top of the upper top plate is provided with the motor I, the upper end of the digging bit is connected with the motor I, and the lower end of the digging bit is provided with the top; the damping device comprises a sleeve, an elastic device and a fixed shaft, the sleeve is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the upper top plate, the fixed shaft is arranged in the sleeve, the lower end of the fixed shaft is arranged on the middle plate, and the elastic device is sleeved on the fixed shaft, positioned in the sleeve and in a compressed state; the lifting device comprises a motor II, a screw rod and a shaft sleeve, the motor II is installed on the bottom plate and connected with the screw rod, the shaft sleeve is in threaded connection with the screw rod, and the intermediate plate is slidably installed on the upper portion of the shaft sleeve. This plant device of digging pit effectively carries out the damping, realizes the drill bit of digging pit and adjusts from top to bottom, and the guarantee depth of digging pit's is unanimous, improves digging pit efficiency, and can realize going on digging pit drill bit pressurization downwards, the guarantee digging pit.
However, in the stony desertification area, the rock is exposed, and the drill bit needs to be transversely adjusted in the pit drilling process, so that the position of the drilled pit is adjusted, and the pit drilling range is expanded; in the damping process, the damping device of the device is arranged at the bottom of the upper top plate, and can play a damping effect but cannot realize all-around damping; in addition, because the rock in the stony desertification area is exposed, the rock has sharp corners and is easy to damage plants in the pit drilling process.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem, overcome the above-mentioned defect that prior art exists, provide a stony desertification area plant digging device convenient to drill bit adjustment, shock attenuation are effectual, avoid the plant damage.
The utility model provides a technical scheme who solves its technical problem adopts, a stony desertification area plant digging device, including supporting mechanism, damper, digging mechanism, the supporting mechanism includes roof, bottom plate, support column, gyro wheel, the roof is located the top of bottom plate, the roof passes through elevating system with the bottom plate in both sides and connects, elevating system has first motor, the roof all has the perforation with the bottom plate, the support column is located the lower extreme of bottom plate, the lower extreme of support column with the gyro wheel is connected; the damping mechanism is fixed at a perforation of the top plate, and a first annular sliding groove is formed in the damping mechanism; the pit digging mechanism comprises a second motor, a coupler and a drill bit, the second motor is placed in a motor box with an opening at the lower end, fixed columns are fixed on two sides of the motor box respectively, supporting rods transversely penetrate through the fixed columns through sliding holes, two ends of each supporting rod are connected through annular sliding blocks, the annular sliding blocks are rotatably connected with first annular sliding grooves, the coupler penetrates through the penetrating holes of the top plate, and the drill bit is connected with the second motor through the coupler.
Furthermore, the supporting rod is provided with a plurality of limiting holes, and the limiting holes are matched with limiting devices.
Furthermore, the damping mechanism also comprises a fixed cylinder and a damping cylinder, wherein the fixed cylinder is provided with an upper opening and a lower opening, a second annular chute is arranged in the fixed cylinder, and an annular rubber ring is sleeved on the inner wall of the fixed cylinder; the upper opening and the lower opening of the shock absorption cylinder are positioned in the second annular sliding groove; the first annular chute is located in the shock tube.
Furthermore, the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the fixed cylinder are provided with damping holes, the upper outer wall and the lower outer wall of the damping cylinder are provided with fixed shafts, the fixed shafts are sleeved with elastic components, and the fixed shafts sleeved with the elastic components are correspondingly inserted into the damping holes.
Furthermore, the length of the fixed shaft is greater than the distance between the outer wall of the damping cylinder and the orifice of the damping hole and less than the distance between the outer wall of the damping cylinder and the bottom of the orifice of the damping hole; and two ends of the elastic component are respectively contacted with the outer wall of the damping cylinder and the hole bottom of the damping hole.
Further, the drill bit comprises a first drill bit and a second drill bit which are matched for use, the outer wall of the first drill bit is provided with a spiral blade, and the lower end of the first drill bit is provided with a pointed end; the outer wall of the second drill bit is provided with a plurality of convex columns.
Further, a placing box is arranged on the bottom plate and used for placing unused drill bits.
Further, the upper end of the motor box is provided with a handle.
Furthermore, pushing mechanisms are arranged on two sides of the bottom plate.
Further, the pushing mechanism comprises a first push rod, a second push rod and a transmission rod, and the first push rod and the second push rod are integrally connected; the lower end of the transmission rod is fixedly connected with the bottom plate, and the upper end of the transmission rod is fixedly connected with the first push rod.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of it is following:
1. the drill bit can be conveniently adjusted, the first annular sliding groove is formed in the damping mechanism, the fixing columns are respectively fixed on two sides of the motor box, the supporting rod transversely penetrates through the fixing columns through the sliding holes, two ends of the supporting rod are connected through the annular sliding block, and the annular sliding block is rotatably connected with the first annular sliding groove, so that the motor box is rotated and moved, and the position of the drill bit is adjusted; in addition, the motor box is fixed on the supporting rod by arranging the plurality of limiting holes on the supporting rod and matching with the limiting device, so that the stability of the motor box is improved;
2. the damping device can realize better damping, the fixed cylinder and the damping cylinder are arranged, a second annular chute is arranged in the fixed cylinder, and an annular rubber ring is sleeved on the inner wall of the fixed cylinder; the shock absorption cylinder is positioned in the second annular sliding groove, so that the vibration sense is weakened by the annular rubber ring when being transmitted to the fixed cylinder; in addition, the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the fixed cylinder are provided with damping holes, the upper outer wall and the lower outer wall of the damping cylinder are provided with fixing shafts, the fixing shafts are sleeved with elastic components, the fixing shafts sleeved with the elastic components are correspondingly inserted into the damping holes, and the vibration transmitted to the fixed cylinder is further weakened;
3. can avoid the plant damage, through setting up first drill bit and second drill bit, first drill bit and second drill bit collocation use, the outer wall of first drill bit is provided with helical blade, first drill bit lower extreme has the tip, the outer wall of second drill bit is provided with a plurality of projections, is using behind the first drill bit brill hole, use the second drill bit grinds the flat to sharp rock corner.
Drawings
The following detailed description of embodiments of the invention is provided with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a middle fixing cylinder according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the shock-absorbing cylinder of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional structure of the pit digging mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a second drill according to the present invention.
The labels in the figure are: the pit digging mechanism comprises a pit digging mechanism 1, a damping mechanism 2, a top plate 3, a bottom plate 4, a support column 5, a roller 6, a lifting mechanism 7, a placing box 8, a first push rod 9, a second push rod 10, a transmission rod 11, a fixed cylinder 12, a damping cylinder 13, a first annular sliding chute 14, a second annular sliding chute 15, a damping hole 16, a fixed shaft 17, an elastic component 18, a coupler 19, a motor box 20, a handle 21, a fixed column 22, a sliding hole 23, a support rod 24, an annular sliding block 25, a limiting hole 26, a limiter 27, a first drill bit 28, a second drill bit 29, a spiral blade 30, a pointed end 31 and a convex column 32.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solution of the present invention more specific, the following description is made in conjunction with the specific embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited thereto.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the device for digging the pit for the plants in the stony desertification area comprises a supporting mechanism, a damping mechanism 2 and a digging mechanism 1.
The supporting mechanism comprises a top plate 3, a bottom plate 4, supporting columns 5 and rollers 6, the top plate 3 is located above the bottom plate 4, the top plate 3 and the bottom plate 4 are connected at two sides through a lifting mechanism 7, the lifting mechanism 7 is provided with a first motor, and the top plate 3 and the bottom plate 4 are both provided with through holes; a placing box 8 is arranged on the bottom plate 4, and pushing mechanisms are arranged on two sides of the bottom plate 4 and used for pushing the pit digging mechanism 1; the pushing mechanism comprises a first push rod 9, a second push rod 10 and a transmission rod 11, the first push rod 9 and the second push rod 10 are integrally connected, the lower end of the transmission rod 11 is fixedly connected with the bottom plate 4, and the upper end of the transmission rod 11 is fixedly connected with the first push rod 9; the support column 5 is located the lower extreme of bottom plate 4, the lower extreme of support column 5 with gyro wheel 6 is connected, gyro wheel 6 is the area wheel of stopping.
The damping mechanism 2 is fixed at a perforation of the top plate 3, and a first annular chute 14 is arranged inside the damping mechanism 2 and is used for being rotationally connected with the pit digging mechanism 1; the damping mechanism 2 comprises a fixed cylinder 12 and a damping cylinder 13, wherein the fixed cylinder 12 is provided with an upper opening and a lower opening, a second annular sliding groove 15 is formed in the fixed cylinder 12, and an annular rubber ring is sleeved on the inner wall of the fixed cylinder 12 and used for reducing vibration; the shock-absorbing cylinder 13 is provided with an upper opening and a lower opening and is positioned in the second annular sliding groove 15; the first annular chute 14 is positioned in the shock-absorbing cylinder 13; in addition, the upper and lower inner walls of the fixed cylinder 12 are provided with damping holes 16, the upper and lower outer walls of the damping cylinder 13 are provided with fixing shafts 17, the fixing shafts 17 are sleeved with elastic members 18, and the fixing shafts 17 sleeved with the elastic members 18 are correspondingly inserted into the damping holes 16; further, the length of the fixed shaft 17 is greater than the distance between the outer wall of the damper cylinder 13 and the orifice of the damper hole 16 and less than the distance between the outer wall of the damper cylinder 13 and the bottom of the damper hole 16, and two ends of the elastic component 18 are respectively in contact with the outer wall of the damper cylinder 13 and the bottom of the damper hole 16.
The pit digging mechanism 1 comprises a second motor, a coupler 19 and a drill bit, the second motor is placed in a motor box 20 with an opening at the lower end, a handle 21 is arranged at the upper end of the motor box 20 to facilitate operation of personnel, fixing columns 22 are respectively fixed at two sides of the motor box 20, a supporting rod 24 transversely penetrates through the fixing columns 22 through sliding holes 23 to enable the second motor to move along the supporting rod 24, a plurality of limiting holes 26 are formed in the supporting rod 24, the limiting holes 26 are matched with limiting devices 27 to enable the second motor to be fixed in a specific range of the supporting rod 24 after moving, two ends of the supporting rod 24 are connected through annular sliding blocks 25, and the annular sliding blocks 25 are rotatably connected with a first annular sliding groove 14 to enable the pit digging mechanism 1 to rotate relative to a damping mechanism 2; the coupling 19 penetrates through a through hole of the top plate 3, and the drill bit is connected with a second motor through the coupling 19; the drill comprises a first drill 28 and a second drill 29, the first drill 28 and the second drill 29 are matched for use, unused drills are placed in the placing box 8, the outer wall of the first drill 28 is provided with a spiral blade 30, and the lower end of the first drill 28 is provided with a pointed head 31; the outer wall of the second drill bit 29 is provided with a plurality of protruding columns 32, so that the first drill bit 28 can be used for drilling pits, and the second drill bit 29 can be used for grinding pits, thereby avoiding sharp rock corners from damaging plants.
The working mode of the embodiment is as follows: pushing the digging device to the selected digging area, fixing the roller 6, installing the first drill bit 28, adjusting the position of the drill bit by rotating the annular slide block 25 and moving the second motor box 20 along the support rod 24 if a particularly hard stone block is encountered or the digging range needs to be enlarged during the digging process, and then inserting the limiting device 27 into the limiting hole 26; in addition, the vibration caused by the contact of the drill bit and the ground is transmitted to the annular slide block 25 along the support rod 24, the annular slide block 25 transmits the vibration to the damping cylinder 13, the vibration is weakened because the annular rubber ring is sleeved on the inner wall of the fixed cylinder 12, and in addition, the fixed shaft 17 sleeved with the elastic component 18 on the outer part of the damping cylinder 13 extends into the damping hole 16, so that the vibration is further weakened; after boring the hole for the first time, because of the stony desertification area has more rock, some rock is not level and smooth, when boring the hole in addition, also can make the rock become the unevenness, makes its side become sharp, consequently, after boring the hole for the first time, if there is sharp rock corner, can change the drill bit, the installation second drill bit 29 grinds the hole of digging and levels, damages the plant when avoiding planting.
The above-described embodiments are merely illustrative of several ways of the present invention, but should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that: for those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, several modifications and improvements can be made, which are within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. A plant digging device for a stony desertification region comprises a supporting mechanism, a damping mechanism (2) and a digging mechanism (1), wherein the supporting mechanism comprises a top plate (3), a bottom plate (4), supporting columns (5) and rollers (6), the top plate (3) is positioned above the bottom plate (4), the top plate (3) and the bottom plate (4) are connected through lifting mechanisms (7) on two sides, the lifting mechanisms (7) are provided with first motors, the top plate (3) and the bottom plate (4) are provided with through holes, the supporting columns (5) are positioned at the lower end of the bottom plate (4), and the lower ends of the supporting columns (5) are connected with the rollers (6); the method is characterized in that: the damping mechanism (2) is fixed at a perforation of the top plate (3), and a first annular sliding groove (14) is formed in the damping mechanism (2); dig pit mechanism (1) and include second motor, shaft coupling (19), drill bit, the second motor is placed in the lower extreme has open-ended motor box (20), the both sides of motor box (20) are fixed with fixed column (22) respectively, fixed column (22) transversely run through slide opening (23) have bracing piece (24), the both ends of bracing piece (24) are connected through annular slider (25), annular slider (25) rotate with first annular spout (14) and are connected, shaft coupling (19) run through the perforation of roof (3), the drill bit passes through shaft coupling (19) and is connected with the second motor.
2. A pit digging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the supporting rod (24) is provided with a plurality of limiting holes (26), and the limiting holes (26) are matched with limiting devices (27).
3. A pit digging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the damping mechanism (2) further comprises a fixed cylinder (12) and a damping cylinder (13), wherein the fixed cylinder (12) is provided with an upper opening and a lower opening, a second annular sliding groove (15) is formed in the fixed cylinder, and an annular rubber ring is sleeved on the inner wall of the fixed cylinder (12); the upper opening and the lower opening of the shock absorption cylinder (13) are positioned in the second annular sliding groove (15); the first annular runner (14) is located inside the damper cylinder (13).
4. A pit digging apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the fixed cylinder (12) are provided with damping holes (16), the upper outer wall and the lower outer wall of the damping cylinder (13) are provided with fixed shafts (17), the fixed shafts (17) are sleeved with elastic parts (18), and the fixed shafts (17) sleeved with the elastic parts (18) are correspondingly inserted into the damping holes (16).
5. A pit digging apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: the length of the fixed shaft (17) is greater than the distance between the outer wall of the damping cylinder (13) and the orifice of the damping hole (16) and less than the distance between the outer wall of the damping cylinder (13) and the bottom of the damping hole (16); two ends of the elastic component (18) are respectively contacted with the outer wall of the shock absorption cylinder (13) and the hole bottom of the shock absorption hole (16).
6. A pit digging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the drill comprises a first drill (28) and a second drill (29), the first drill (28) and the second drill (29) are matched for use, a spiral blade (30) is arranged on the outer wall of the first drill (28), and a pointed end (31) is arranged at the lower end of the first drill (28); the outer wall of the second drill bit (29) is provided with a plurality of convex columns (32).
7. A pit digging apparatus according to claim 6, wherein: and a placing box (8) is arranged on the bottom plate (4) and is used for placing unused drill bits.
8. A pit digging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the upper end of the motor box (20) is provided with a handle (21).
9. A pit digging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: and pushing mechanisms are arranged on two sides of the bottom plate (4).
10. A boring device as set forth in claim 9, wherein: the pushing mechanism comprises a first push rod (9), a second push rod (10) and a transmission rod (11), and the first push rod (9) and the second push rod (10) are integrally connected; the lower end of the transmission rod (11) is fixedly connected with the bottom plate (4), and the upper end of the transmission rod (11) is fixedly connected with the first push rod (9).
CN202020007914.1U 2020-01-03 2020-01-03 Stony desertification area plant digging device Expired - Fee Related CN212013535U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020007914.1U CN212013535U (en) 2020-01-03 2020-01-03 Stony desertification area plant digging device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020007914.1U CN212013535U (en) 2020-01-03 2020-01-03 Stony desertification area plant digging device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212013535U true CN212013535U (en) 2020-11-27

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ID=73485466

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020007914.1U Expired - Fee Related CN212013535U (en) 2020-01-03 2020-01-03 Stony desertification area plant digging device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111183766A (en) * 2020-01-03 2020-05-22 安徽泓森高科林业股份有限公司 Plant digging device used in stony desertification area

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111183766A (en) * 2020-01-03 2020-05-22 安徽泓森高科林业股份有限公司 Plant digging device used in stony desertification area

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20201127

Termination date: 20220103

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee