CN211843319U - Quick drain device of kitchen garbage - Google Patents

Quick drain device of kitchen garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211843319U
CN211843319U CN202020371559.6U CN202020371559U CN211843319U CN 211843319 U CN211843319 U CN 211843319U CN 202020371559 U CN202020371559 U CN 202020371559U CN 211843319 U CN211843319 U CN 211843319U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
push plate
kitchen waste
draining
supporting seat
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Active
Application number
CN202020371559.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴元
李习武
黄兴刚
屈阳
朱丽可
张力
郑云锋
刘翠
刘建亮
范斌
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Welly Environmental Technology Group Co ltd
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Welly Environmental Technology Group Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020371559.6U priority Critical patent/CN211843319U/en
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Publication of CN211843319U publication Critical patent/CN211843319U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kitchen waste rapid draining device, wherein a front baffle plate capable of being opened downwards is arranged at the front side of a box body, a rear baffle plate is fixed at the rear side of the box body, draining meshes are arranged on a bottom plate of the box body and are communicated with a liquid collecting box at the lower part of the box body, a liquid discharging pipe is arranged at a liquid discharging port at the bottom of the liquid collecting box, a supporting seat is arranged at the top of each of two side plates of the box body, a guide rail for guiding a push plate is arranged on the supporting seat, the push plate is vertically arranged in the box body, and moving seats at the two ends of; the driving mechanism comprises two motors and a transmission assembly for correspondingly converting rotary motion into linear motion, the two motors are respectively arranged on the moving seat of the push plate, the transmission assembly comprises a driving wheel and a driven part which is arranged on the supporting seat and meshed with the driving wheel, the driving wheel is arranged on the output side of the motors, and the two motors simultaneously drive the transmission assembly to drive the push plate to move linearly. The utility model discloses simple structure can solve the problem that the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh blockked up, separates out the free water in the kitchen garbage fast.

Description

Quick drain device of kitchen garbage
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a quick drain device of kitchen garbage belongs to kitchen garbage processing technology field.
Background
The kitchen waste is wet waste with high water content, free water accounts for a large amount (more than 50%), the components of the kitchen waste are complex, the oil content is 3% -7%, and most of the existing kitchen waste treatment processes are that the kitchen waste is collected by a collecting and transporting vehicle and then is uniformly poured into a storage bin for temporary storage, and then materials are transported to a subsequent pretreatment system through a spiral conveying device.
Therefore, the kitchen waste draining device is characterized in that a liquid bin is directly arranged at the bottom of a storage bin, free water enters the liquid bin through a draining net through the gravity, and liquid in the liquid bin is conveyed to a subsequent pretreatment system through a liquid discharge pipe. This structure is very easily blockked up by the material at the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh of feed bin lower part, and it is not good to cause the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall effect, causes to have in the hopper that kitchen garbage is bulky, and it is more to contain free water, has increaseed subsequent processing system's bulk pressure.
Another kitchen waste self-flow draining device adopts a split structure, for example, an embedded kitchen waste draining device disclosed in CN204767800U comprises a filter material window and a water storage window at the lower part, wherein a cover made of a screen is installed at the top of the filter material window, an adsorption filter material is filled in the filter material window, a check valve is arranged at the bottom of the filter material window, a drain hole is arranged at the bottom of the side surface of the water storage window, the drain hole is plugged by a plug and is embedded into the bottom of a large garbage can when in use, after the kitchen waste is poured into the garbage can, grease and salt enter the bottom draining device along with the filtration of the filter material, and when the garbage can is poured, the water is not poured out along with the garbage, thereby realizing the separation of the kitchen waste filtrate. Because kitchen garbage is the waterlogging caused by flowing automatically, the screen cloth can be easily blockked up by the material to the same thing, and cause the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall effect not good, and the drainer or the garbage bin before and after the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall of removal still can cause secondary pollution scheduling problem, because only to the garbage bin design, is not suitable for kitchen garbage scale processing.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at providing a simple structure can reduce the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh and block up to the quick drain device of kitchen garbage that separates the free water among the kitchen garbage fast.
The utility model discloses a technical scheme who reaches above-mentioned purpose is: the utility model provides a quick drain device of kitchen garbage which characterized in that: the kitchen waste collecting box comprises a box body for containing kitchen waste, a liquid collecting box positioned at the bottom of the box body and used for collecting liquid, a push plate for extruding the kitchen waste and a driving mechanism for driving the push plate to move;
the box body is provided with a front baffle plate which is opened downwards at the front side, a rear baffle plate is fixed at the rear side, the box body is provided with a draining mesh on a bottom plate and is communicated with a liquid collecting box at the lower part, a liquid discharging pipe is arranged at a liquid discharging port at the bottom of the liquid collecting box, the box body is provided with supporting seats at the tops of two side plates, the supporting seats are provided with guide rails for guiding a push plate, the push plate is vertically arranged in the box body, moving seats at two ends of the upper part of the push plate are arranged on the guide rails and can move, and the bottom of the push plate is provided with;
the driving mechanism comprises two motors and a transmission assembly for correspondingly converting rotary motion into linear motion, the two motors are respectively arranged on the moving seat of the push plate, the transmission assembly comprises a driving wheel and a driven part which is arranged on the supporting seat and meshed with the driving wheel, the driving wheel is arranged on the output side of the motors, and the two motors simultaneously drive the transmission assembly to drive the push plate to move linearly.
The utility model discloses a quick drain device has adopted the push pedal that can remove in the box, and the push pedal erects to be put in the box, drive the push pedal through the actuating mechanism who sets up in box and push pedal and to the kitchen garbage in the box along reciprocating automatic extrusion all around, can separate out the free water among the kitchen garbage fast, the flexible scraper blade of push pedal bottom in addition constantly clears up the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh on the bottom plate, effectively keep the noncongestion of waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh, kitchen garbage can not the deposit, the problem that the bottom plate waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh is blockked up has thoroughly been solved, make the free water of separating in time fall into the collection liquid case, and separation. The utility model discloses it is rational in infrastructure, can reduce the free water among the kitchen garbage by a wide margin, the problem that the current rubbish hopper storage efficiency of solution that can be fine is low also can alleviate follow-up processing system's whole pressure. The utility model discloses a baffle before structure is opened to the box adoption, consequently can't move the box, can not produce secondary pollution in will operating through the push pedal, is applicable to the kitchen garbage scale and handles.
Drawings
Embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structure schematic diagram of the quick draining device for kitchen waste.
Fig. 2 is a schematic top view of the structure of fig. 1.
FIG. 3 is a schematic sectional view A-A of FIG. 1.
Fig. 4 is a schematic sectional structure view of B-B of fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of fig. 4 at I.
Fig. 6 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of the rapid kitchen waste draining device of the utility model.
Wherein: the device comprises a motor 1, a motor 2, a driving wheel 3, a supporting seat 3, a rack 3-1, a guide rail 3-2, a channel 3-3, a telescopic part 4, a box 5, a hinged seat 5-1, a front baffle 5-2, a connecting rod 5-3, a side plate 5-4, a bottom plate 5-5, a rear baffle 5-6, a side liquid collecting box 6, a side liquid collecting pipe 7, a liquid collecting box 8, a liquid discharging pipe 9, a soft baffle strip 10, a push plate 11, a movable seat 11-1, a rake rod 11-2, a flexible scraper 11-3 and a slide block 11-4.
Detailed Description
See fig. 1 ~ 6 shown, the utility model relates to a quick drain device of kitchen garbage, including the box 5 that is used for splendid attire kitchen garbage, be located the collection liquid tank 8 that 5 bottoms of box are used for collecting liquid for extrude kitchen garbage's push pedal 11 and drive the actuating mechanism that 11 removals of push pedal.
As shown in figures 1-4 and 6, the utility model discloses box 5 has preceding baffle 5-2 that can open down in the front side, and the rear side is fixed with backplate 5-6, and box 5 upper portion is uncovered or is installed the case lid, and backplate 5-6, bottom plate 5-5 and two boards are fixed on the tank tower to accessible tank tower to form the box 5 of splendid attire kitchen garbage, close preceding baffle 5-2 when the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall, after finishing the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall, open preceding baffle 5-2, and release kitchen garbage with push pedal 11. As shown in figures 1-4, the utility model discloses box 5 is equipped with the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh on bottom plate 5-5 and communicates with each other with collection liquid tank 8 of lower part, and bottom plate 5-5 is the stainless steel sheet material of evenly laying the mesh, will extrude the free water in the kitchen garbage and fall to collection liquid tank 8 in through the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh, the utility model discloses the leakage fluid dram of collection liquid tank 8 bottom is equipped with fluid-discharge tube 9, and the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall of collection is arranged to the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall pond through fluid-discharge tube 9 and.
As shown in figures 1-3 and 6, the upper part of the front baffle 5-2 of the utility model is provided with at least two hinged seats 5-1, the hinged seats 5-1 are arranged on the pin shaft at the front upper part of the box body 5 and can rotate, the front baffle 5-2 is provided with a connecting rod 5-3, one end of each telescopic part 4 is respectively hinged at two ends of the connecting rod 5-3, the other end of each telescopic part 4 is hinged on the corresponding supporting seat 3, the two telescopic parts 4 simultaneously drive the front baffle 5-2 to be opened or closed, the front baffle 5-2 is of an open-to-outside structure, the telescopic parts 4 can adopt a hydraulic cylinder or an air cylinder or other mechanical structures, and the box body 5 is convenient to push kitchen waste after draining.
As shown in the figures 1-6, the box body 5 of the present invention is provided with a supporting seat 3 at the top of two side plates 5-4, the supporting seat 3 is provided with a guide rail 3-2 for guiding the push plate 11, the push plate 11 is vertically arranged in the box body 5, and two sides of the upper portion of the push plate 11 are provided with an overhanging moving seat 11-1, the moving seat 11-1 on the push plate 11 is arranged on the guide rail 3-2 and can move, the push plate 11 makes a reciprocating linear movement along the two supporting seats 3 to extrude the kitchen waste in the box body 5, thereby rapidly extruding the free water in the kitchen waste and reducing the draining time of the kitchen waste. As shown in figure 3, the utility model discloses flexible scraper blade 11-3 that is used for clearing up the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh has in push pedal 11 bottom, and flexible scraper blade 11-3 accessible layering and fastener demountable installation are in the both sides of push pedal 11 bottom, conveniently change flexible scraper blade 11-3, the utility model discloses a flexible scraper blade can adopt corrosion-resistant pvc soft board or tetrafluoroethylene soft board, and in push pedal 11 removal process, constantly clear up the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh on the bottom plate, effectively keeps the unblocked of waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh on the bottom plate.
See fig. 1-6, the utility model discloses actuating mechanism includes two motors 1 and corresponds and truns into linear motion's transmission assembly with rotary motion, and two motors 1 are installed respectively on the removal seat 11-1 of push pedal 11, and transmission assembly includes action wheel 2 and installs on bearing 3 with the driven part of action wheel 2 meshing, and action wheel 2 installs the output side at motor 1, and two motors 1 drive transmission assembly simultaneously and drive push pedal 11 and make straight reciprocating motion. The utility model discloses a motor 1 is hydraulic motor or motor, and hydraulic motor's output side or the output side of motor are connected with action wheel 2. The driving wheel 2 of the utility model can be a gear, the driven part is a rack 3-1 arranged on the supporting seat 3, the gear is meshed with the rack 3-1, the two motors 1 simultaneously drive the gear to rotate and the rack 3-1 to be meshed, and the push plate 11 is driven to do linear reciprocating movement. The utility model discloses a 2 still can be the turbines for the action wheel, by the scroll bar of piece for installing on bearing 3, can install the scroll bar both ends on the bearing frame of bearing 3 front and back side, turbine and scroll bar meshing, two motor 1 drive turbines simultaneously rotate and with the scroll bar meshing, drive push pedal 11 and make straight reciprocating motion.
As shown in the figures 1-6, the utility model discloses the bottom front side of push pedal 11 or/and rear side interval are equipped with a plurality of harrow poles 11-2 of taking the elbow, when actuating mechanism drives push pedal 11 and makes reciprocating motion, can stir kitchen garbage through harrow pole 11-2, can prevent piling up of kitchen garbage, be favorable to kitchen garbage extrusion waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall effect, see figure 3, 4, this push pedal 11 bottom is equipped with a plurality of harrow poles 11-2 towards baffle 5-2 one side interval forward, two liang of harrow poles 11-2 bottoms have the connecting rod, the length of harrow pole 11-2 is between 10-80cm, can be according to the size of box 5, adjust the length of harrow pole 11-2.
As shown in the figures 1-4, the utility model discloses all be equipped with the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh on the both sides board 5-4 of box 5, curb plate 5-4 is the stainless steel sheet material that the equipartition has the net, the box 5 outside still has the side collection liquid tank 6 that covers on curb plate 5-4, carry out the extrusion in-process to kitchen garbage, make the free hydroenergy that is close both sides board 5-4 arrange to side collection liquid tank 6 from the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh on curb plate 5-4, and improve the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall effect, the liquid outlet of side collection liquid tank 6 bottom is equipped with side collecting tube 7, side collecting tube 7 is connected with fluid-discharge tube 9 and is communicated with each other, arranges.
As shown in figures 1-4, the utility model discloses be equipped with the passageway 3-3 that removes seat 11-1 and pass on the bearing 3, motor 1 is installed on the removal seat 11-1 that is located the bearing 3 outside, is equipped with the slider 11-4 that matches with guide rail 3-2 on removing seat 11-1, makes slider 11-4 move along guide rail 3-2, and the upper portion of the inside and outside of bearing 3 is installed in a plurality of soft blend stops 10 that are used for sheltering from the passageway 3-3 inside and outside and do not influence push pedal 11 and remove, can protect actuating mechanism and guiding mechanism.
As shown in figures 1-4, the utility model discloses during operation, preceding baffle 5-2 is the closed condition, pour kitchen garbage into box 5 in, motor 1 starts and drives drive assembly and drive push pedal 11 along the slide rail reciprocating motion of bearing 3, make push pedal 11 extrude kitchen garbage, and the rake lever 11-2 of push pedal 11 bottom constantly stirs kitchen garbage, falls into collection liquid tank 8 with kitchen garbage free water through bottom plate 5-5, partly reaches the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mesh through both sides board 5-4 to side case liquid case 6 in, and the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall in the collection liquid tank 8 is discharged to the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall pond through fluid-discharge tube 9. After the draining is finished, the front baffle 5-2 is turned outwards from the bottom and opened under the driving of the telescopic piece 4, the kitchen waste subjected to draining is pushed out of the box body 5 by the push plate 11, and the telescopic piece 4 enters the next draining process after the front baffle 5-2 is reset.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a quick drain device of kitchen garbage which characterized in that: the kitchen waste collecting box comprises a box body (5) for containing kitchen waste, a liquid collecting box (8) which is positioned at the bottom of the box body (5) and is used for collecting liquid, a push plate (11) for extruding the kitchen waste and a driving mechanism for driving the push plate (11) to move;
the box body (5) is provided with a front baffle (5-2) which is opened downwards at the front side, a rear baffle (5-6) is fixed at the rear side, a bottom plate (5-5) of the box body (5) is provided with draining meshes and is communicated with a liquid collecting box (8) at the lower part, a liquid discharging port at the bottom of the liquid collecting box (8) is provided with a liquid discharging pipe (9), a supporting seat (3) is arranged at the top of two side plates (5-4) of the box body (5), a guide rail (3-2) for guiding a push plate (11) is arranged on the supporting seat (3), the push plate (11) is vertically arranged in the box body (5), moving seats (11-1) at two ends of the upper part of the push plate (11) are arranged on the guide rail (3-2) and can move, and a flexible scraper (11-3) for cleaning the draining meshes is arranged at the;
the driving mechanism comprises two motors (1) and a transmission assembly which correspondingly converts rotary motion into linear motion, the two motors (1) are respectively arranged on a moving seat (11-1) of the push plate (11), the transmission assembly comprises a driving wheel (2) and a driven piece which is arranged on the supporting seat (3) and meshed with the driving wheel (2), the driving wheel (2) is arranged on the output side of the motors (1), and the two motors (1) simultaneously drive the transmission assembly to drive the push plate (11) to move linearly.
2. The quick draining device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the motor (1) is a hydraulic motor or an electric motor.
3. The quick draining device for kitchen waste according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the driving wheel (2) is a gear, the driven part is a rack (3-1) arranged on the supporting seat (3), and the gear is meshed with the rack (3-1).
4. The quick draining device for kitchen waste according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the driving wheel (2) is a turbine, the driven piece is a worm rod arranged on the supporting seat (3), and the turbine is meshed with the worm rod.
5. The quick draining device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: a plurality of harrow rods (11-2) with elbows are arranged on the front side or/and the rear side of the bottom of the push plate (11) at intervals, and connecting rods are arranged at the bottoms of every two harrow rods (11-2).
6. The quick draining device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: both side plates (5-4) of the box body (5) are provided with draining meshes, the outer side of the box body (5) is further provided with a side liquid collecting box (6) covered on the side plates (5-4), a liquid outlet at the bottom of the side liquid collecting box (6) is provided with a side liquid collecting pipe (7), and the side liquid collecting pipe (7) is connected and communicated with a liquid discharging pipe (9).
7. The quick draining device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the upper portion of the front baffle (5-2) is provided with at least two hinged seats (5-1), the hinged seats (5-1) are installed on a pin shaft on the front upper portion of the box body (5) and can rotate, a connecting rod (5-3) is arranged on the front baffle (5-2), one ends of the two telescopic pieces (4) are respectively hinged to two ends of the connecting rod (5-3), the other ends of the two telescopic pieces (4) are hinged to the corresponding supporting seats (3), and the two telescopic pieces (4) simultaneously drive the front baffle (5-2) to be opened or closed.
8. The quick draining device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the supporting seat (3) is provided with a channel (3-3) through which the moving seat (11-1) passes, the motor (1) is arranged on the moving seat (11-1) positioned at the outer side of the supporting seat (3), and the moving seat (11-1) is provided with a sliding block (11-4) matched with the guide rail (3-2).
9. The quick draining device for kitchen waste according to claim 8, characterized in that: the upper parts of the inner side and the outer side of the supporting seat (3) are arranged on a plurality of soft barrier strips (10) which are used for shielding the channels (3-3) and do not influence the movement of the push plate (11).
CN202020371559.6U 2020-03-20 2020-03-20 Quick drain device of kitchen garbage Active CN211843319U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020371559.6U CN211843319U (en) 2020-03-20 2020-03-20 Quick drain device of kitchen garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020371559.6U CN211843319U (en) 2020-03-20 2020-03-20 Quick drain device of kitchen garbage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211843319U true CN211843319U (en) 2020-11-03

Family

ID=73135058

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020371559.6U Active CN211843319U (en) 2020-03-20 2020-03-20 Quick drain device of kitchen garbage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211843319U (en)

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