CN211665685U - Cleaning device for railway track surface - Google Patents

Cleaning device for railway track surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211665685U
CN211665685U CN201922199520.0U CN201922199520U CN211665685U CN 211665685 U CN211665685 U CN 211665685U CN 201922199520 U CN201922199520 U CN 201922199520U CN 211665685 U CN211665685 U CN 211665685U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
rail
machine body
fixedly connected
railway track
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201922199520.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尚培培
崔长宽
王宪证
杨小云
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201922199520.0U priority Critical patent/CN211665685U/en
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Publication of CN211665685U publication Critical patent/CN211665685U/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a cleaning device on railway track surface belongs to track traffic technical field, which comprises a bod, fixed surface is connected with the storage water tank on the organism, organism right-hand member fixedly connected with traction plate, the organism below rotates and is connected with the wheel, organism below fixedly connected with rail, and the rail is connected with the wheel, the embedding of organism lower surface is provided with the electromagnetic plate, the embedding of organism lower surface left side is provided with the cleaning frame, the inside left and right sides of organism is respectively through screw fixedly connected with second motor and first motor, and be the transmission through the transmission shaft between first motor power take off end and the wheel and be connected. This kind of cleaning device on railway track surface is provided with cleans the cylinder, cleans the cylinder through second motor drive and rotates for it is not hard up that the brush hair that cleans cylinder surface cleans the dust on rail surface, and then makes the dust separate with the rail more easily, reaches more convenient dust removal effect.

Description

Cleaning device for railway track surface
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a track traffic technical field, more specifically the theory relates to a cleaning device.
Background
Railway track is called rail, track for short, and is mainly used on railway, and cooperates with a switch to make the train move without steering, the railway track is usually composed of two parallel rails, the rails are fixed on the sleeper, the ballast is under the sleeper, and is fastened by rail fittings such as rail brace, fastener, rail presser, rail clamp plate, spring strip, railway spike, etc., the surface of the rail can be adhered with many impurities such as iron filings, dust and stone after long-time use, if it is not cleaned in time, the service life of the train wheels and the stability of the train can be greatly influenced.
Wherein the patent with the patent number of CN201822048744.7 discloses a railway track cleaning device, which comprises a cleaning device main body, a handrail, a battery, an air blower, a hose, a moving wheel, a rail, a rotating shaft, a support frame, a connecting block, a connecting port and a compression spring, wherein the handrail is arranged above the right side of the cleaning device main body, the battery is arranged inside the cleaning device main body and is electrically connected with the air blower, the air blower is connected with a connecting port on a soot blower through the hose, a soot blowing pipe is arranged below the soot blowing device, a nozzle is welded on the inner side of the soot blowing pipe, the moving wheel is connected with a support frame bearing through the rotating shaft, the support frame is welded at the lower end of the cleaning device main body, the top and two sides of the inner side of the soot blowing device are respectively connected with a second cleaning sheet and a first cleaning sheet through the compression spring and a connecting groove, and the railway track, the lower end face of the cleaning device main body is provided with the ash removal device, so that the cleaning of the rails is facilitated. However, the above patent only uses the blowing device to blow the rail surface to achieve the dust removal purpose, but the dust can be fixed on the rail surface under the action of rainwater and can not be separated from the rail through blowing, so the dust removal effect can not achieve a better effect, and the dust can be deposited on the rail surface again after being blown off the rail, therefore, further research needs to be carried out on the basis of the existing cleaning device, and a new cleaning device for the rail surface is provided.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the technical problem that the above-mentioned background art provided, provide a cleaning device on railway track surface.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a cleaning device for the surface of a railway track comprises a machine body, wherein a water storage tank is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the machine body, a traction plate is fixedly connected to the right end of the machine body, wheels are rotatably connected to the lower portion of the machine body, rails are fixedly connected to the lower portion of the machine body and are connected with the wheels, an electromagnetic plate is embedded into the lower surface of the machine body, a cleaning frame is embedded into the left side of the lower surface of the machine body, a second motor and a first motor are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the interior of the machine body through screws, the power output end of the first motor is in transmission connection with the wheels through a transmission shaft, a connecting shaft is movably embedded into the lower surface of the machine body, the top of the connecting shaft is in transmission connection with the power output end of the second, the nested case lid that is provided with in storage water tank top, the inside case lid below activity embedding that is located of storage water tank has the filtration sieve fill, the inside fixed surface of storage water tank is connected with the water pump, water pump left side fixedly connected with water pipe, and water pipe and storage water tank outer wall are and run through the setting, wash the embedding of frame top and be provided with the connecting pipe, and be sealing connection between connecting pipe top and the water pipe, wash the inside opening of frame and be provided with the inner chamber, wash the inboard embedding of frame and be provided with high-speed shower nozzle, and be between high-speed shower nozzle and the inner chamber and communicate with each other the setting, the.
Further preferred embodiments: the cleaning rollers are composed of two sections, namely a large section and a small section, the cleaning rollers are matched with the cross section of the upper end of the rail in shape, and the number of the cleaning rollers is four, and the four cleaning rollers are divided into two groups to be arranged on the left side and the right side of the rail.
Further preferred embodiments: the cleaning frames are obliquely arranged at an angle of 45 degrees relative to the surface of the rail, and two cleaning frames are symmetrically arranged.
Further preferred embodiments: seven high-speed spray heads are uniformly arranged on the inner side of the cleaning frame, and the arrangement direction of the high-speed spray heads is matched with the inclination radian of the upper end surface of the rail.
Further preferred embodiments: the inner lower surface of the water storage tank is arranged in an inclined manner, and the water storage volume of the water storage tank is matched with the power of the first motor.
Further preferred embodiments: the inside stainless steel screen cloth that is equipped with of filter sieve fill, and stainless steel screen cloth filters the specification and is the millimeter level.
Further preferred embodiments: the control box is internally provided with a signal receiving device and a PLC circuit control panel in an embedded mode, the control box is electrically connected with an external power supply through a wire, and the signal receiving device can be in signal connection with an external control terminal in any one of a wired mode and a wireless mode.
Has the advantages that:
1. this kind of cleaning device on railway track surface is provided with cleans the cylinder, cleans the cylinder through second motor drive and rotates for it is not hard up that the brush hair that cleans cylinder surface cleans the dust on rail surface, and then makes the dust separate with the rail more easily, reaches more convenient dust removal effect.
2. Set up and wash the frame, clean the cylinder and clean not hard up back with the dust, utilize and wash the frame and carry high-pressure rivers to the high-speed shower nozzle in for the high-speed rivers of shower nozzle blowout high speed to the rail surface, and then make the dust on rail surface leave from the rail by rivers wash fast, effectually prevent that the dust from deposiing on the rail surface again.
3. Set up the electromagnetic plate, produce powerful magnetic field with the electromagnetic plate circular telegram for iron fillings that rail surface is adnexed are adsorbed at the electromagnetic plate lower surface by powerful magnetic field, reach resource reuse's purpose.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall front view cross-sectional structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the connection structure between the sweeping roller and the rail according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the cross-sectional structure of the water tank of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a side view of the cleaning frame of the present invention.
In FIGS. 1-4: 1-body; 101-a traction plate; 102-a wheel; 103-a first motor; 104-a second electric machine; 105-cleaning the roller; 1051-a connecting shaft; 1052-bristles; 2-a water storage tank; 201-water pipe; 202-box cover; 203-a filtering sieve hopper; 204-a water pump; 3-an electromagnetic plate; 4-cleaning the frame; 401-connecting tube; 402-lumen; 403-high-speed spray head; 5-a rail; 6-control box.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-4, in an embodiment of the present invention, a cleaning device for a railway track surface includes a machine body 1, a traction plate 101, wheels 102, a first motor 103, a second motor 104, a cleaning roller 105, a connecting shaft 1051, bristles 1052, a water storage tank 2, a water pipe 201, a tank cover 202, a filtering sieve hopper 203, a water pump 204, an electromagnetic plate 3, a cleaning frame 4, a connecting pipe 401, an inner chamber 402, a high-speed nozzle 403, rails 5, and a control box 6, wherein the upper surface of the machine body 1 is fixedly connected with the water storage tank 2, the right end of the machine body 1 is fixedly connected with the traction plate 101, the wheels 102 are rotatably connected below the machine body 1, the rails 5 are fixedly connected below the machine body 1, the rails 5 are connected with the wheels 102, the electromagnetic plate 3 is embedded in the lower surface of the machine body 1, the cleaning frame 4 is embedded in the left side of the lower surface of the machine body 1, the power output end of the first motor 103 is in transmission connection with the wheel 102 through a transmission shaft, a connecting shaft 1051 is movably embedded in the lower surface of the machine body 1, the top of the connecting shaft 1051 is in transmission connection with the power output end of the second motor 104 through a gear, a cleaning roller 105 is nested at the bottom end of the connecting shaft 1051, bristles 1052 are embedded in the outer surface of the cleaning roller 105, a box cover 202 is nested above the water storage tank 2, a filtering sieve hopper 203 is movably embedded below the box cover 202 in the water storage tank 2, a water pump 204 is fixedly connected to the lower surface in the water storage tank 2, a water pipe 201 is fixedly connected to the left side of the water pump 204, the water pipe 201 is arranged to penetrate through the outer wall of the water storage tank 2, a connecting pipe 401 is embedded in the top of the cleaning frame 4, the top of the connecting pipe 401 is in, the high-speed spray head 403 is communicated with the inner cavity 402, and the right side of the top end inside the machine body 1 is fixedly connected with a control box 6 through a screw.
In this embodiment, the cleaning roller 105 is composed of two sections, the upper section is larger than the lower section, the shape of the cleaning roller 105 is matched with the shape of the cross section of the upper end of the rail 5, the number of the cleaning rollers 105 is four, the four cleaning rollers are divided into two, the two cleaning rollers are arranged on the left side and the right side of the rail 5, the cleaning rollers 105 are driven by the second motor 104 to rotate, so that the bristles 1052 on the surface of the cleaning rollers 105 clean and loosen the dust on the surface of the rail 5, the dust is further separated from the rail 5 more easily, and a more convenient.
In this embodiment, the cleaning frame 4 is inclined at an angle of 45 ° with respect to the surface of the rail 5, and two cleaning frames 4 are symmetrically disposed, and the cleaning frame 4 is used to deliver high-pressure water to the high-speed nozzles 403, so that the high-speed nozzles 403 spray high-speed water to the surface of the rail 5, and then the dust on the surface of the rail 5 is washed by the water and rapidly leaves from the rail 5, thereby effectively preventing the dust from being redeposited on the surface of the rail 5.
In this embodiment, the high-speed nozzles 403 are arranged seven positions inside the cleaning frame 4 and are uniformly arranged, and the setting direction of the high-speed nozzles 403 is matched with the inclination radian of the upper end surface of the rail 5, so that the high-speed nozzles 403 can simultaneously spray water to the upper end surface of the rail 5, and the upper end surface of the rail 5 can achieve a more comprehensive washing and cleaning effect.
In this embodiment, the inner lower surface of the water storage tank 2 is inclined, and the water storage volume of the water storage tank 2 is matched with the power of the first motor 103, so that water is pumped to the cleaning frame 4 by the water pump 204 better in the water storage tank 2.
In this embodiment, filter sieve fill 203 is inside to be equipped with the stainless steel screen cloth, and the stainless steel screen cloth filters the specification and is the millimeter level, when the clear water is pouring into storage water tank 2, utilizes the stainless steel screen cloth that filters among the sieve fill 203 to filter the impurity in the clear water, causes water pump 204 to damage in preventing to get into water pump 204.
In this embodiment, the signal receiving device and the PLC circuit control board are embedded in the control box 6, and the control box 6 is electrically connected to the external power supply through a wire, and the signal receiving device can be in signal connection with the external control terminal through any one of wired and wireless modes.
In this embodiment, the first motor 103, the second motor 104, the water pump 204 and the electromagnetic plate 3 are all electrically connected to an external power source through wires.
The working principle is as follows: when the cleaning device for the surface of the railway track is used, firstly, the device is moved above the rail 5, meanwhile, the water storage tank 2 stores clean water and the device components are connected with an external control terminal and a power supply, then the device can be put into the cleaning work of the rail 5, the first motor 103 is started to drive the wheels 102 to rotate and drive the device to move on the rail 5, the electromagnetic plate 3 is synchronously electrified to generate a strong magnetic field, so that scrap iron attached to the surface of the rail 5 is adsorbed on the lower surface of the electromagnetic plate 3 by the strong magnetic field, then the second motor 104 is utilized to drive the cleaning roller 105 to rotate, so that the brush 1052 on the surface of the cleaning roller 105 cleans and loosens dust on the surface of the rail 5, further, the dust is more easily separated from the rail 5, and finally, after the cleaning roller 105 cleans and loosens the dust, the cleaning frame 4 is utilized to convey high-pressure water flow to the high, make high-speed shower nozzle 403 spout higher speed rivers to rail 5 surface, and then make the dust on rail 5 surface leave from rail 5 fast by rivers wash, effectually prevent that the dust from deposiing again on rail 5 surface, use through the cooperation of multiple cleaning means and make the dust on rail 5 surface obtain the effectual clearance of faster, improved rail 5 surface dust clearance's work efficiency greatly.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the concept of the present invention, several modifications and improvements can be made, which should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention, and these will not affect the effect of the implementation of the present invention and the practicability of the patent.

Claims (7)

1. A cleaning device for railway track surfaces, comprising a machine body (1), characterized in that: the upper surface of the machine body (1) is fixedly connected with a water storage tank (2), the right end of the machine body (1) is fixedly connected with a traction plate (101), wheels (102) are rotatably connected below the machine body (1), rails (5) are fixedly connected below the machine body (1), the rails (5) are connected with the wheels (102), an electromagnetic plate (3) is embedded in the lower surface of the machine body (1), a cleaning frame (4) is embedded in the left side of the lower surface of the machine body (1), the left side and the right side of the interior of the machine body (1) are respectively fixedly connected with a second motor (104) and a first motor (103) through screws, the power output end of the first motor (103) is in transmission connection with the wheels (102) through a transmission shaft, the lower surface of the machine body (1) is movably embedded with a connecting shaft (1051), and the top of the connecting shaft (1051) is in transmission connection with the, the bottom end of the connecting shaft (1051) is nested with a cleaning roller (105), bristles (1052) are embedded in the outer surface of the cleaning roller (105), a tank cover (202) is nested above the water storage tank (2), a filtering sieve hopper (203) is movably embedded below the tank cover (202) inside the water storage tank (2), a water pump (204) is fixedly connected to the lower surface inside the water storage tank (2), a water pipe (201) is fixedly connected to the left side of the water pump (204), the water pipe (201) and the outer wall of the water storage tank (2) are arranged in a penetrating manner, a connecting pipe (401) is embedded in the top of the cleaning frame (4), the top of the connecting pipe (401) is in sealing connection with the water pipe (201), an inner cavity (402) is arranged at an inner opening of the cleaning frame (4), a high-speed spray nozzle (403) is embedded in the inner side of the cleaning frame (4), and the high-, the right side of the top end in the machine body (1) is fixedly connected with a control box (6) through a screw.
2. A railway track surface cleaning apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cleaning roller (105) is composed of two sections, namely a large section and a small section, the shape of the cleaning roller (105) is matched with the shape of the cross section of the upper end of the rail (5), and the number of the cleaning rollers (105) is four, and the four cleaning rollers are divided into two to be arranged on the left side and the right side of the rail (5).
3. A railway track surface cleaning apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cleaning frames (4) are obliquely arranged at an angle of 45 degrees relative to the surface of the rail (5), and two cleaning frames (4) are symmetrically arranged.
4. A railway track surface cleaning apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: seven high-speed spray heads (403) are uniformly arranged on the inner side of the cleaning frame (4), and the arrangement direction of the high-speed spray heads (403) is matched with the inclination radian of the upper end surface of the rail (5).
5. A railway track surface cleaning apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inner lower surface of the water storage tank (2) is arranged in an inclined manner, and the water storage volume of the water storage tank (2) is matched with the power of the first motor (103).
6. A railway track surface cleaning apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inside stainless steel screen cloth that is equipped with of filter sieve fill (203), and stainless steel screen cloth filters the specification and is the millimeter level.
7. A railway track surface cleaning apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the signal receiving device and the PLC circuit control board are arranged in the control box (6) in an embedded mode, the control box (6) is electrically connected with an external power supply through a wire, and the signal receiving device can be in signal connection with an external control terminal in any one of a wired mode and a wireless mode.
CN201922199520.0U 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Cleaning device for railway track surface Expired - Fee Related CN211665685U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922199520.0U CN211665685U (en) 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Cleaning device for railway track surface

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922199520.0U CN211665685U (en) 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Cleaning device for railway track surface

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211665685U true CN211665685U (en) 2020-10-13

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CN201922199520.0U Expired - Fee Related CN211665685U (en) 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Cleaning device for railway track surface

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114108541A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-03-01 江西理工大学 Tombarthite permanent magnetism suspension track cleaning device
CN114319220A (en) * 2021-12-16 2022-04-12 杭州申昊科技股份有限公司 A track cleaning device for track inspection robot

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114108541A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-03-01 江西理工大学 Tombarthite permanent magnetism suspension track cleaning device
CN114319220A (en) * 2021-12-16 2022-04-12 杭州申昊科技股份有限公司 A track cleaning device for track inspection robot

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20201013

Termination date: 20211210

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee