CN211554286U - Drop switch monitoring terminal - Google Patents

Drop switch monitoring terminal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211554286U
CN211554286U CN201922439563.1U CN201922439563U CN211554286U CN 211554286 U CN211554286 U CN 211554286U CN 201922439563 U CN201922439563 U CN 201922439563U CN 211554286 U CN211554286 U CN 211554286U
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China
Prior art keywords
switch
processor
detection unit
drop
fuse
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Active
Application number
CN201922439563.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王泳
李启祥
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Jiangsu Ziyu Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Ziyu Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201922439563.1U priority Critical patent/CN211554286U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a drop switch monitor terminal. The terminal comprises a shell fixed on the outer side of the fuse, and a state detection unit, a processor, a clock chip, a wireless communication module and a power module are arranged in the shell. The utility model discloses a state detecting element detectable fuse falls the incident to appear, the treater has two kinds of working methods of dormant state and awakening state, state detecting element adopts the switch to detect and two kinds of detection methods of angle detection, switch detecting element is when detecting the fuse and fall, can awaken the treater up, so that the incident that will fall sends, clock chip still regularly awakens the treater up and carries out the initiative detection to the fuse, thereby avoid switch detecting element to cause unusually that can't detect the fuse and fall, also can detect the result with angle detection through contrast switch during the initiative detection, judge whether switch detecting element and angle detecting element are unusual, the accuracy of fuse monitoring has been improved by a wide margin, and the live time of battery can be prolonged.

Description

Drop switch monitoring terminal
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a power monitoring equipment field, concretely relates to drop switch monitor terminal.
Background
The drop-out fuse has the characteristics of economy, convenient operation, strong adaptability to outdoor environment and the like, is widely applied to 10kV distribution lines and distribution transformers, and is used as a component for protecting and carrying out equipment throwing and cutting operations. Because the drop-out fuse is not monitored in the prior art, when the drop-out fuse is fused due to overcurrent, a maintainer cannot know that the fuse breaks down in time, so that the maintainer cannot process the fault in time, and a relevant area is powered off for a long time.
In recent years, some drop-out fuse monitoring means have appeared, such as the following application numbers: 201620582342.3 discloses a passive auxiliary monitoring system of position signal of drop out fuse, it adopts ball switch or mercury switch etc. to judge whether drop out fuse appears falling, then through passive contact signal output module with wired mode with signal output, because the upper and lower both ends of drop out fuse all have high voltage circuit to there is great potential safety hazard in wired mode output signal, is unfavorable for using widely. As disclosed in the utility model patent application with application number 201410256187.1, it detects when falling off that drop out fuse appears through gravity-feed tank detection circuit, triggers the singlechip to awaken up, and this kind of working method reliability is lower. Specifically, when the gravity sensing detection circuit fails, a drop event cannot be sensed when the drop fuse falls, or the drop event information cannot be sent out, so that the drop fuse cannot be normally monitored.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a drop switch monitor terminal to the not enough of prior art existence.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides a drop switch monitoring terminal, which comprises a shell fixed at the outer side of a fuse, the shell is internally provided with a state detection unit, a processor D4, a clock chip D5, a wireless communication module and a power supply module, the state detection unit comprises a switch detection unit and an angle detection unit which are respectively connected with the processor D4, the switch detection unit and the angle detection unit are used for detecting the position state of the drop-out fuse, the switch detection unit wakes up the processor D4 when detecting that the drop-out fuse drops, the processor D4 is respectively connected with the clock chip D5 and the wireless communication module, the clock chip D5 wakes up the processor D4 at set time intervals, the processor D4 controls the angle detecting unit to work in the wake-up state, and controlling the wireless communication module to send out the position state information of the drop-out fuse collected by the switch detection unit and the angle detection unit.
Further, the switch detection unit includes a position switch Q4, one end of the position switch Q4 is connected to the positive electrode of the power module through a resistor R46, and the other end thereof is connected to the processor D4.
Further, the position switch Q4 includes a mercury switch or a ball switch.
Further, the angle detection unit includes an angle sensor D1 connected to the processor D4 and a power control circuit connected between the angle sensor D1 and the processor D4.
Further, the power control circuit comprises a triode VT1 of which the emitting electrode is connected with the processor D4, the base electrode of the triode VT1 is connected with the processor D4 through a resistor R11, and the collector electrode of the triode VT1 is connected with the angle sensor D1 through a resistor R13 and a resistor R5 in sequence.
Furthermore, a capacitor C18 is connected between the angle sensor D1 and the resistor R5, the other end of the capacitor C18 is grounded, a capacitor C24 is connected between the emitter of the triode VT1 and the ground, and a capacitor C23 is connected between the collector of the triode VT1 and the ground.
Further, the wireless communication module includes any one of a 2.4G wireless module, a Lora module, and an FSK module.
Further, the power module includes a battery.
Furthermore, the battery is a high-low temperature battery, the voltage of the high-low temperature battery is 3.6V, and the capacity of the high-low temperature battery is more than 1200 mAh.
Further, the processor D4 includes a single chip microcomputer.
Has the advantages that: the utility model is fixed on the drop-out fuse, when the fuse is fused and dropped, the state detection unit can detect the drop event; the processor has two kinds of working methods of dormant state and awakening state, state detecting element adopts two kinds of detecting methods of switch detection and angle detection, switch detecting element is when detecting the fuse and fall, can awaken the processor, in order to send the fall incident, the clock chip still regularly awakens the processor and carries out the initiative detection to the fuse, thereby avoid switch detecting element to cause unusually to fail to detect the fuse and fall, also can detect the result with the angle detection through the contrast switch during the initiative detection, judge whether switch detecting element and angle detecting element are unusual, the accuracy of fuse monitoring has been improved by a wide margin, and can prolong the live time of battery.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic block diagram of a drop switch monitoring terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an angle detection unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a switch detection unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a clock chip according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a processor according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further clarified by the following embodiments with reference to the attached drawings, which are implemented on the premise of the technical solution of the present invention, and it should be understood that these embodiments are only used for illustrating the present invention and are not used for limiting the scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the embodiment of the utility model provides a drop switch monitor terminal, including fixing the shell in the fuse outside, the shell preferably adopts waterproof insulating casing. The state detection unit 1, the processor D4, the clock chip D5, the wireless communication module 2, the power module 3, and the like are provided in the housing. The processor D4 preferably adopts a singlechip. The state detection unit 1 comprises a switch detection unit 11 and an angle detection unit 12, the switch detection unit 11 and the angle detection unit 12 are both used for detecting the position state of the drop-out fuse, and the position state of the drop-out fuse has two position states of normal closing and drop-out disconnection. The switch detection unit 11 and the angle detection unit 12 are connected to the processor D4, respectively, and further, the switch detection unit 11 and the angle detection unit 12 feed back the detected position state of the drop-out fuse to the processor D4 in the form of an electrical signal. In order to practice thrift power module 3's electric quantity, the utility model discloses processor D4 has sleep state and two kinds of mode of state of awaking, and under sleep state, switch detecting element 11 is when detecting drop out fuse and fall, awakens up processor D4 through to handling D4 input high potential signal. The processor D4 is connected to the clock chip D5 and the wireless communication module 2, the clock chip D5 wakes up the processor D4 at a set time interval, the processor D4 controls the angle detection unit 12 to operate in the wake-up state, and further controls the falling fuse to be detected at regular time, and in the wake-up state, the processor D4 controls the wireless communication module 2 to send out the position state information of the falling fuse, which is acquired by the switch detection unit 11 and the angle detection unit 12, so as to provide a judgment basis for remotely monitoring the position state of the falling fuse. The processor D4 sends the drop-out fuse position state information and then enters the sleep state again until the switch detection unit 11 or the clock chip D5 wakes up the same again.
The utility model discloses switch detecting element includes position switch Q4, and position switch Q4 can adopt mercury switch or ball switch. One end of the position switch Q4 is connected to the positive electrode of the power module 3 through a resistor R46, and the other end thereof is connected to the processor D4. When the drop-out fuse is blown down, the position switch Q4 is closed from the open state, thereby providing a high level signal to the processor D4.
The utility model discloses angle detection unit 12 includes the angle sensor D1 and the power control circuit of connection between angle sensor D1 and treater D4 who is connected with treater D4. Specifically, the power control circuit comprises a triode VT1, an emitter of the triode VT1 is connected with the processor D4 to obtain working voltage, a base of the triode VT1 is connected with the processor D4 through a resistor R11, and a collector of the triode VT1 is connected with the angle sensor D1 through a resistor R13 and a resistor R5 in sequence. The processor D4 provides a low level signal to the base of the transistor VT1 in the sleep state, so that the emitter and the collector of the transistor VT1 are in the cut-off state, and the power supply of the angle sensor D1 is cut off, and the angle sensor D1 does not work. The processor D4 inputs high level to the base of the triode VT1 in the wake-up state, and triggers the triode VT1 to conduct, and the angle sensor D1 is powered on to work. Thereby avoiding wasting power by the angle sensor D1 when the processor D4 is in the sleep state.
In order to improve the stability of the power supply voltage of the angle sensor D1, a capacitor C18 is connected between the angle sensor D1 and the resistor R5, the other end of the capacitor C18 is grounded, a capacitor C24 is connected between the emitter of the transistor VT1 and the ground, and a capacitor C23 is connected between the collector of the transistor VT1 and the ground.
The embodiment of the utility model provides a wireless communication module 2 that preferably adopts is 2.4G wireless module or low-power consumption loRa FSK module, but is not limited to above three kinds of modules, can select according to customer's needs.
The utility model discloses power module 3 preferably adopts the battery, in order to adapt to multiple temperature environment, can adopt a high-low voltage battery, and the preferred adoption is 3.6V, capacity is the high low temperature battery of more than or equal to 1200mAh like voltage, need not to set up step-down circuit again, can directly supply power to the terminal.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that other parts not specifically described belong to the prior art or the common general knowledge to those skilled in the art. Without departing from the principle of the present invention, several improvements and decorations can be made, and these improvements and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A drop switch monitoring terminal is characterized by comprising a shell fixed on the outer side of a fuse, wherein a state detection unit (1), a processor (D4), a clock chip (D5), a wireless communication module (2) and a power module (3) are arranged in the shell, the state detection unit (1) comprises a switch detection unit (11) and an angle detection unit (12) which are respectively connected with the processor (D4), the switch detection unit (11) and the angle detection unit (12) are both used for detecting the position state of the drop fuse, the switch detection unit (11) wakes up the processor (D4) when the drop fuse is detected, the processor (D4) is respectively connected with the clock chip (D5) and the wireless communication module (2), the clock chip (D5) wakes up the processor (D4) at a set time interval, the processor (D4) controls the angle detection unit (12) to work in the wake-up state, and the wireless communication module (2) is controlled to send out the position state information of the drop-out fuse collected by the switch detection unit (11) and the angle detection unit (12).
2. The drop switch monitoring terminal according to claim 1, wherein the switch detection unit comprises a position switch Q4, one end of the position switch Q4 is connected to the positive pole of the power module (3) through a resistor R46, and the other end is connected to the processor (D4).
3. The drop switch monitoring terminal of claim 2, wherein the position switch Q4 comprises a mercury switch or a ball switch.
4. The drop switch monitoring terminal according to claim 1, wherein the angle detection unit (12) comprises an angle sensor D1 connected to the processor (D4) and a power control circuit connected between the angle sensor D1 and the processor (D4).
5. The drop switch monitoring terminal according to claim 4, wherein the power control circuit comprises a transistor VT1 having an emitter connected to the processor (D4), wherein the base of the transistor VT1 is connected to the processor (D4) via a resistor R11, and the collector of the transistor VT1 is connected to the angle sensor D1 via a resistor R13 and a resistor R5 in sequence.
6. The drop switch monitoring terminal according to claim 5, wherein a capacitor C18 is further connected between the angle sensor D1 and the resistor R5, the other end of the capacitor C18 is grounded, a capacitor C24 is connected between the emitter of the triode VT1 and the ground, and a capacitor C23 is further connected between the collector of the triode VT1 and the ground.
7. The drop switch monitoring terminal according to claim 1, wherein the wireless communication module (2) comprises any one of a 2.4G wireless module, a Lora module and an FSK module.
8. The drop switch monitoring terminal according to claim 1, characterized in that the power supply module (3) comprises a battery.
9. The drop switch monitoring terminal according to claim 8, wherein the battery is a high-low temperature battery, the voltage of the high-low temperature battery is 3.6V, and the capacity of the high-low temperature battery is 1200mAh or more.
10. The drop switch monitoring terminal according to claim 1, wherein the processor (D4) comprises a single-chip microcomputer.
CN201922439563.1U 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Drop switch monitoring terminal Active CN211554286U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922439563.1U CN211554286U (en) 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Drop switch monitoring terminal

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922439563.1U CN211554286U (en) 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Drop switch monitoring terminal

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211554286U true CN211554286U (en) 2020-09-22

Family

ID=72511533

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922439563.1U Active CN211554286U (en) 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Drop switch monitoring terminal

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211554286U (en)

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