CN211386923U - Single-tool vertical lathe device for machining spoke - Google Patents

Single-tool vertical lathe device for machining spoke Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211386923U
CN211386923U CN201922305574.0U CN201922305574U CN211386923U CN 211386923 U CN211386923 U CN 211386923U CN 201922305574 U CN201922305574 U CN 201922305574U CN 211386923 U CN211386923 U CN 211386923U
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main shaft
machining
sliding table
motor
vertical lathe
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刘建
陈亮
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Changchun Fallon Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
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Changchun Fallon Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a single-knife vertical lathe device of processing spoke belongs to automobile parts machining equipment technical field, include: the lathe bed is used as a base of the whole device, and a main shaft is vertically arranged in the lathe bed; the upright post is arranged at the rear upper part of the bed body and used for fixing the cross sliding table, the upper part of the upright post is provided with a counterweight block pulley support, and two groups of pulleys are respectively connected with the cross sliding table and a counterweight iron positioned in the inner cavity of the upright post through plate-type chains; the cutter is arranged on the front side of the cross sliding table and is driven by the cross sliding table to move in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction; the clamp is arranged at the upper end of the main shaft and used for clamping a workpiece and rotates along with the main shaft. The utility model relates to a single-knife vertical lathe device of processing spoke for the processing of spoke centre bore and upper and lower chamfer, terminal surface, excircle and outer edge chamfer thereof, convenient operation and simple, easily processing reduces labour cost, has improved work efficiency, guarantees product quality, is applicable to batch production auto wheel, and the practicality is good.

Description

Single-tool vertical lathe device for machining spoke
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an automobile parts machining equipment technical field especially relates to a single-tool vertical lathe device of processing spoke.
Background
The spoke for automobile is a device for protecting the rim and spoke of vehicle wheel, and is a pair of circular cover plates, the diameter of the cover plate is close to that of the rim, the centre of the cover plate is equipped with a hole whose diameter is greater than that of the wheel rotating shaft, the portion of the cover plate close to its edge is equipped with an orifice, the edge of the cover plate is equipped with an annular wheel plate, and the curved surface of the wheel plate can be tightly attached to the curved surface of the rim. In order to process qualified automobile spokes, a special turning device for processing double-sided chamfers, excircles, end faces and outer edge chamfers of a center hole and a center hole of a wheel spoke is designed aiming at the special structure of the automobile spoke, and corresponding clamps are matched, so that workpieces of different specifications can be turned, the product quality is ensured, and the production efficiency is improved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a single-knife vertical lathe device of processing spoke can process central hole, excircle, terminal surface, chamfer, has improved work efficiency, and the range of work is wide.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
a single-tool vertical lathe device for machining spokes comprises:
the lathe bed is used as a base of the whole device, and a main shaft is vertically arranged in the lathe bed;
the upright post is arranged at the rear upper part of the bed body and used for fixing the cross sliding table, the upper part of the upright post is provided with a counterweight block pulley support, and two groups of pulleys are respectively connected with the cross sliding table and a counterweight iron positioned in the inner cavity of the upright post through plate-type chains;
the cutter is arranged on the front side of the cross sliding table and is driven by the cross sliding table to move in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction;
the clamp is arranged at the upper end of the main shaft and used for clamping a workpiece and rotates along with the main shaft.
Further, the cross sliding table comprises linear guide rails which are perpendicular to each other; the vertical linear guide rail is arranged on the front side of the upright post, and is movably connected with a saddle which drives a longitudinal ball screw to vertically slide along the vertical direction through a vertical servo motor; the front side of the sliding saddle is provided with a horizontal linear guide rail, the horizontal linear guide rail is connected with a sliding pillow in a sliding mode, and the sliding pillow drives a transverse ball screw to slide left and right in the horizontal direction through a horizontal servo motor.
Further, the cutter is arranged in the cutter holder at the lower end of the ram.
Further, the jig includes: the device comprises a supporting plate, an upper arm, a lower arm, a pull disc and a tensioning rod, wherein the supporting plate is arranged on the upper arm of the clamp body and used for supporting a spoke workpiece to realize axial positioning; the bottom of the lower arm forms a lower cavity upwards; the pull disc is driven by the oil cylinder to move up and down in the lower cavity of the clamp body; the number of the tension rods is 3, the tension rods are uniformly distributed on the clamp body, each tension rod penetrates through the support plate, the upper arm and the lower arm respectively, the upper end of each tension rod is provided with an eccentric pressing cap used for pressing a workpiece, and the lower end of each tension rod is fixedly connected with the pull disc.
Furthermore, the oil cylinder is positioned in the inner cavity of the main shaft, and a piston rod at the upper end of the oil cylinder is fixedly connected with the center of the pull disc.
Furthermore, 3 positioning pins are installed at the upper end of the clamp, are uniformly distributed on the circumference of the upper end of the clamp body, and are alternately distributed with the tensioning rod to play a role in positioning angles.
Furthermore, the main shaft drives unidirectional rotation through a motor and a gear box, the motor is driven through a belt pulley and the gear box, and finally the motor is transmitted to the main shaft through a pair of spiral bevel gears in a mutually matched mode.
Further, the main shaft is supported by a pair of tapered roller bearings and a deep groove ball bearing.
Furthermore, the motor is installed in an inner cavity behind the lathe bed through a motor base, the motor base comprises two fixed shafts and a swinging plate, two ends of the swinging plate are respectively connected with the two fixed shafts in a rotating mode, the distance between the main motor and the gearbox is adjusted by adjusting the swinging angle of the swinging plate, and then the swinging plate is fixed through screwing up an adjusting bolt to be used for tensioning the belt.
Further, the gearbox is a two-stage gearbox.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
the utility model relates to a single-knife vertical lathe device of processing spoke, pass through the counter weight iron of slat type chain connection slip table and stand inner chamber through 2 groups of pulleys, reduce the atress of direct guide rail and lead screw, eliminate the clearance of lead screw nut and lead screw, improve the machining precision of lathe, and simultaneously, drive the lathe tool through cross slip table and remove in order to accomplish the lathe work piece along level and two vertical directions, make the lathe tool according to the orbit motion that the programming was formulated, be used for wheel spoke centre bore and above that, lower chamfer, the terminal surface, excircle and outer processing along the chamfer, convenient operation and simply, easy processing, and labor cost is reduced, and the work efficiency is improved, and the product quality is guaranteed, and is suitable for batch production auto wheel, and the practicality is good.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present application or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments described in the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art according to these drawings.
Fig. 1 is a front view of a single-blade vertical lathe device for machining spokes according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a side view of a single-blade vertical lathe device for machining spokes according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the spindle provided by the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of a connection structure of the motor provided by the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a front view of the clamp according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a top view of the clamp according to the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1. a bed body; 2. a main shaft; 3. a column; 4. a cutter; 5. a clamp; 6. a tapered roller bearing; 7. a deep groove ball bearing; 8. a motor; 9. a gear change box; 10. a spiral bevel gear; 11. a fixed shaft; 12. a swing plate; 13. adjusting the bolt; 14. an oil cylinder; 15. a counterweight pulley support; 16. a pulley; 17. a plate chain; 18. a counterweight iron; 19. a vertical linear guide rail; 20. a saddle; 21. a vertical servo motor; 22. a longitudinal ball screw; 23. a horizontal linear guide rail; 24. a ram; 25. a horizontal servo motor; 26. a lateral ball screw; 27. a tool holder; 28. a workpiece; 29. a support plate; 30. an upper arm; 31. a lower arm; 32. pulling the disc; 33. a tension bar; 34. a piston rod; 35. positioning pins; 36. a guide sleeve; 37. a belt.
Detailed Description
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solution of the present invention, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the following embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-6, the single-tool vertical lathe device for machining spokes comprises a lathe body 1, a main shaft 2, a column 3, a cross sliding table, a cutter 4, a clamp 5 and other parts, wherein,
the lathe bed 1 is used as a base of the whole device and is of a welding piece structure, and a main shaft 2 is vertically arranged in the lathe bed.
The main shaft 2 is arranged at the front part inside the machine body 1 and is supported by a pair of tapered roller bearings 6 and a deep groove ball bearing 7 as shown in figure 3, so that the operation is stable and the rigidity is good. The main shaft 2 is driven to rotate in a single direction by a motor 8 and a gear box 9, the motor 8 is driven by a belt pulley and the gear box, and finally the motor is transmitted to the main shaft 2 by a pair of spiral bevel gears 10 in a mutually matched mode. The motor 8 is installed in an inner cavity behind the lathe bed 1 through a motor base, as shown in fig. 4, the motor base comprises two fixed shafts 11 and a swinging plate 12, two ends of the swinging plate 12 are respectively and rotatably connected with the two fixed shafts 11, the distance between the motor 8 and the gear transmission case 9 is adjusted by adjusting the swinging angle of the swinging plate 12, and then the swinging plate 12 is fixed by screwing an adjusting bolt 13 to tension a belt. The gearbox 9 is a two-stage gearbox. The gearbox body is a casting, the motor 8 is driven by a belt 37 and a secondary gear gearbox, and finally the transmission is transmitted to the main shaft 2 by a pair of spiral bevel gears 10. The rotating speed of the main shaft 2 is controlled by a frequency converter, and is set by a numerical control system of the machine tool and automatically changed. The inner cavity at the upper end of the main shaft 2 is provided with a clamping oil cylinder 14, and the diameter of the oil cylinder 14 can be
Figure BDA0002327681080000041
The lower end of the main shaft 2 is provided with a hydraulic rotary joint 38 for guiding hydraulic oil to the clamping cylinder.
The stand 3, for the rectangle welding piece, install in the back upper place of lathe bed 1 for fixed cross slip table. As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a counterweight pulley support 15 is mounted on the upper portion of the upright post 3, and two groups of pulleys 16 are respectively connected with a cross sliding table and a counterweight iron 18 positioned in the inner cavity of the upright post 3 through plate-type chains 17, so that the stress of a linear guide rail and a lead screw is reduced, the gap between the lead screw nut and the lead screw is eliminated, and the machining precision of the machine tool is improved. The side surface of the upright post 3 can be a hanging button station which is the operation control center of the machine tool. In addition, another side of the upright column 3 can be provided with a centralized lubricating device, which provides automatic lubricating oil for the sliding table guide rail and the ball screw, and prolongs the service life of the screw and the guide rail.
The cross sliding table comprises linear guide rails which are vertical to each other; the vertical linear guide rail 19 is arranged on the front side of the upright post 3, the vertical linear guide rail 19 is movably connected with a saddle 20, and the saddle 20 drives a longitudinal ball screw 22 to vertically slide along the vertical direction through a vertical servo motor 21; the front side of the saddle 20 is provided with a horizontal linear guide rail 23, the horizontal linear guide rail 23 is connected with a ram 24 in a sliding way, and the ram 24 drives a transverse ball screw 26 through a horizontal servo motor 25 to realize left-right sliding along the horizontal direction.
The cutter 4 is arranged on the front side of the cross sliding table and is driven by the cross sliding table to move in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction; specifically, the tool 4 is mounted in a holder 27 at the lower end of the ram 24, and is extendable and retractable in the holder 27 to adjust the height of the tool 27. The turning tool adopts a indexable machine clamping blade, and has high precision and high performance. When the blade is replaced or the blade is rotated, the cutter does not need to be reset under the common condition, the time for sharpening and setting the cutter can be saved, and the labor productivity is improved. The turning tool is used for turning the central hole, the upper chamfer and the lower chamfer thereof, the end face, the excircle and the outer edge chamfer according to the programmed program.
And the clamp 5 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the main shaft 2 and is used for clamping the workpiece 28 and rotating along with the main shaft 2. The fixture 5 is centered and positioned by the main shaft 2, and high rotation precision is ensured. Specifically, as shown in fig. 5 and 6, the jig includes: the device comprises a supporting plate 29, an upper arm 30, a lower arm 31, a pull disc 32 and a tension rod 33, wherein the supporting plate 29 is arranged on the upper arm 30 of the clamp and used for supporting the spoke workpiece 28 to realize axial positioning; the bottom of the lower arm 31 forms a lower cavity upwards; the pull disc 32 is driven by the oil cylinder 14 to move up and down in the lower cavity of the clamp; the number of the tension rods 33 is 3, the tension rods 33 are uniformly distributed on the clamp, each tension rod 33 respectively penetrates through the support plate 29, the upper arm 30 and the lower arm 31, the upper end of each tension rod is provided with an eccentric pressing cap used for pressing the workpiece 28, and the lower end of each tension rod is fixedly connected with the pull disc 32. The oil cylinder 14 is located in the inner cavity of the main shaft 2, and a piston rod 34 at the upper end of the oil cylinder is fixedly connected with the center of the pull disc 32. The hydraulic oil cylinder is adopted to clamp the workpiece, so that the clamping is reliable and the stability is good. In order to facilitate the pull disc 32 to drive the tension rod 33 to move up and down, as a preferred embodiment, 3 pairs of pull rod guide sleeves 36 are respectively embedded in corresponding positions inside the upper arm 30 and the lower arm 31, and the tension rod 33 is arranged in the pull rod guide sleeves 36 and driven by the pull disc 32 to move up and down along the pull rod guide sleeves 36.
Preferably, the upper end of the clamp 5 is provided with 3 positioning pins 35 which are uniformly distributed on the circumference of the upper end of the clamp 5 and alternately distributed with the tightening rod 33, so as to play a role in positioning the angle and further improve the stability of clamping. The workpiece 28 is clamped by three positioning pins 35 and a spoke bottom plane, three tightening rods 33 with eccentric pressing caps. The tightening rod 33 compresses tightly the cap and is higher than the locating pin 35, should aim at the work piece bolt hole earlier when the clamping work piece and compress into the work piece with compressing tightly the cap, then rotate an angle with the work piece and aim at the locating pin 35 with other three bolt holes and press the work piece to the backup pad 29 of anchor clamps, when piston rod 34 draws downwards, eccentric compressing tightly the cap with work piece 28 compresses tightly on the backup pad 29 of anchor clamps to guarantee to press from both sides tightly reliably, positioning accuracy is high, can process this moment. After the machining is finished, when the workpiece is unloaded, the operation sequence is opposite to that during clamping, when the eccentric pressing cap loosens the workpiece, the workpiece is lifted away from the positioning pin, then the workpiece is rotated by an angle to be aligned with the eccentric pressing cap, and the workpiece is separated from the clamp.
The utility model relates to a single-knife vertical lathe device of processing spoke, pass through the counter weight iron of plate-type chain connection slip table and stand inner chamber through 2 groups of pulleys, reduce the atress of linear guide and lead screw, eliminate the clearance of lead screw nut and lead screw, improve the machining precision of lathe, and simultaneously, drive the lathe tool through cross slip table and remove in order to accomplish the lathe work piece along level and two vertical directions, make the lathe tool according to the orbit motion that the programming was formulated, be used for wheel spoke centre bore and above that, lower chamfer, the terminal surface, excircle and outer processing along the chamfer, the processing range is wide, convenient operation and simple, easy to process, reduce labour cost, and the work efficiency is improved, guarantee product quality, be applicable to batch production auto wheel, and the practicality is good.
The above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that: it is to be understood that modifications may be made to the above-described arrangements in the embodiments or equivalents may be substituted for some of the features of the embodiments, but such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a processing spoke's single-knife merry go round machine device which characterized in that includes:
the lathe bed is used as a base of the whole device, and a main shaft is vertically arranged in the lathe bed;
the upright post is arranged at the rear upper part of the bed body and used for fixing the cross sliding table, the upper part of the upright post is provided with a counterweight block pulley support, and two groups of pulleys are respectively connected with the cross sliding table and a counterweight iron positioned in the inner cavity of the upright post through plate-type chains;
the cutter is arranged on the front side of the cross sliding table and is driven by the cross sliding table to move in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction;
the clamp is arranged at the upper end of the main shaft and used for clamping a workpiece and rotates along with the main shaft.
2. The single-cutter vertical lathe device for machining spokes according to claim 1, wherein the cross sliding table comprises linear guide rails which are perpendicular to each other; the vertical linear guide rail is arranged on the front side of the upright post, and is movably connected with a saddle which drives a longitudinal ball screw to vertically slide along the vertical direction through a vertical servo motor; the front side of the sliding saddle is provided with a horizontal linear guide rail, the horizontal linear guide rail is connected with a sliding pillow in a sliding mode, and the sliding pillow drives a transverse ball screw to slide left and right in the horizontal direction through a horizontal servo motor.
3. The single-blade vertical lathe for machining spokes according to claim 2, wherein the cutter is mounted in a tool holder at the lower end of the ram.
4. The single-blade vertical lathe device for machining spokes according to claim 1, wherein the clamp comprises: the device comprises a supporting plate, an upper arm, a lower arm, a pull disc and a tensioning rod, wherein the supporting plate is arranged on the upper arm of the clamp body and used for supporting a spoke workpiece to realize axial positioning; the bottom of the lower arm forms a lower cavity upwards; the pull disc is driven by the oil cylinder to move up and down in the lower cavity of the clamp body; the number of the tension rods is 3, the tension rods are uniformly distributed on the clamp body, each tension rod penetrates through the support plate, the upper arm and the lower arm respectively, the upper end of each tension rod is provided with an eccentric pressing cap used for pressing a workpiece, and the lower end of each tension rod is fixedly connected with the pull disc.
5. The single-cutter vertical lathe device for machining spokes according to claim 4, wherein the oil cylinder is positioned in an inner cavity of the main shaft, and a piston rod at the upper end of the oil cylinder is fixedly connected with the center of the pull disc.
6. The single-cutter vertical lathe device for machining spokes according to claim 4, wherein the upper end of the clamp is provided with 3 positioning pins which are uniformly distributed on the circumference of the upper end of the clamp body and are alternately distributed with the tensioning rods to play a role in positioning angles.
7. A single-tool vertical lathe for machining spokes according to claim 4, wherein the main shaft is driven to rotate in one direction by a motor and a gearbox, the motor is driven by a belt pulley and the gearbox, and finally the motor is transmitted to the main shaft by a pair of spiral bevel gears in a mutually matched mode.
8. A single-tool vertical lathe for machining spokes according to claim 7, wherein the main shaft is supported by a pair of tapered roller bearings and a deep groove ball bearing.
9. The single-cutter vertical lathe device for machining spokes according to claim 7, wherein the motor is mounted in an inner cavity at the back of the lathe bed through a motor base, the motor base comprises two fixed shafts and a swinging plate, two ends of the swinging plate are respectively and rotatably connected with the two fixed shafts, the distance between the main motor and the gearbox is adjusted by adjusting the swinging angle of the swinging plate, and the swinging plate is fixed by screwing an adjusting bolt so as to tension the belt.
10. A single-tool vertical lathe for machining spokes according to claim 7, wherein said gear box is a two-stage gear box.
CN201922305574.0U 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Single-tool vertical lathe device for machining spoke Active CN211386923U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112453436A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-03-09 长春伦艺机电设备有限公司 Automatic spoke processing single-tool vertical lathe device of chip breaking, chip removal
CN112475330A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-03-12 长春伦艺机电设备有限公司 Vertical lathe device for machining spoke bottom plane of wheel assembly

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112453436A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-03-09 长春伦艺机电设备有限公司 Automatic spoke processing single-tool vertical lathe device of chip breaking, chip removal
CN112475330A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-03-12 长春伦艺机电设备有限公司 Vertical lathe device for machining spoke bottom plane of wheel assembly

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