CN210980453U - System for preparing fluidized ice by using river water - Google Patents

System for preparing fluidized ice by using river water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210980453U
CN210980453U CN201921176680.7U CN201921176680U CN210980453U CN 210980453 U CN210980453 U CN 210980453U CN 201921176680 U CN201921176680 U CN 201921176680U CN 210980453 U CN210980453 U CN 210980453U
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ice
machine
fluidized ice
fluidized
filter
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CN201921176680.7U
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沈向阳
韦保光
彭德镇
钟卓杰
张盛坚
邹立栋
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Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
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Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a system for utilize rivers lake water to prepare fluidized ice aims at providing one kind and has practical application nature, easy operation control, and safe and reliable can high-efficient system of preparing of fluidized ice. The system comprises a refrigeration cycle system consisting of a refrigeration compressor, a condenser, a thermal expansion valve, a filter and a fluidized ice heat exchanger, and an ice-making cycle consisting of the filter, a salt solution preparation machine, a nucleating agent solution machine and a fluidized ice making machine. The system takes river and lake water as raw material water, and utilizes the scraping blade in the cylinder of the fluidized ice making machine to make fluidized ice.

Description

System for preparing fluidized ice by using river water
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a fixture equipment field specifically is an utilize river water to make and get fluidized ice system.
Background
Fluidized ice is a solid-liquid two-phase solution containing suspended ice crystal particles, which are tiny and thick and have diameters not more than 1 mm. The ice is a brand new ice different from solid ice, and has the fluidity, so that the ice can be quickly filled in narrow space, the heat exchange efficiency is high, and the cooling speed is high. The application range of the prior fluidized ice comprises seafood market, beer brewing, fresh-keeping transportation of fruits and vegetables, artificial snow making and the like. The fluidized ice is more effectively prepared, so that the resource utilization of China and the fluidized ice preparation technology can be positively promoted, and the method has wide practicability.
Fluidized ice is a new type of refrigeration medium, which is mainly a slurry mixture of fine spherical ice crystals and liquid solution produced by sea water or mixed solution (water and ethanol or propylene glycol solution) at a temperature below freezing temperature. Zhang Wanjun and other researches find that compared with the traditional ice storage marine products, the fluidized ice has the advantages of fine and uniform ice particles, soft and smooth ice bodies, good fluidity, high latent heat value and the like, can completely immerse fish products, and reduces physical damage to the fish bodies while achieving the oxygen insulation effect. The fluidized ice has the cold carrying characteristic of ice and the fluidity of water, and the cooling rate is higher due to the ultrahigh heat conversion capacity and the larger surface area, so that the fluidized ice can be conveyed remotely, and the energy consumption of a pump is reduced. In addition, it can isolate the fish body from direct contact with air, thereby avoiding dead zone phenomenon and inhibiting the growth of microorganism.
At present, the development of fishery requires a more stable method for storing and producing fish products, the method for storing the fish products is single and has poor effect in areas far away from the ocean or villages, and the fish products can be more effectively stored by using nearby river and lake water to prepare fluidized ice.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides an utilize river water to make fluidization ice system to the problem that above-mentioned prior art exists.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes:
a system for preparing fluidized ice by using river water comprises;
a filter provided with an inlet for river water; a filter screen is arranged in the filter;
a salt solution preparation machine provided with a pipeline connected with the strong brine storage device, the fluidized ice preparation machine and the filter; a valve is arranged on a pipeline connecting the saline solution preparation machine and the fluidized ice preparation machine; stirring blades are arranged in the saline solution preparation machine;
strong brine is filled in the strong brine storage device; the strong brine storage device controls the amount of the strong brine entering the brine preparation machine through the temperature control device;
a nucleating agent solution machine provided with a pipeline connected with the fluidized ice making machine and the filter; the nucleating agent solution machine is provided with a nucleating agent adding device and stirring blades; a valve is arranged on a pipeline connected with the fluidized ice making machine of the saline solution preparation machine; a nucleating agent adding device puts nucleating agents into a nucleating agent solution machine;
the fluidized ice making machine is provided with an inlet pipeline which is respectively connected with the filter, the nucleating agent solution machine and the salt solution preparation machine; the fluidized ice making machine is connected with a refrigerating system; the ice outlet of the fluidized ice making machine is connected with the ice storage barrel; a stirrer is arranged in the fluidized ice making machine.
Preferably, the temperature control device comprises a temperature sensor and a valve controlled by a motor; the temperature sensor comprises a temperature sensing bulb, a pressure sensor and a spring tube; the temperature sensing bulb is arranged at an ice outlet of the fluidized ice making machine; the spring tube is connected to the motor circuit and connected with the annular resistor;
the deformation degree of the spring tube is controlled by the temperature sensor, the resistance of the motor circuit is controlled by the deformation degree of the spring tube, and the opening degree of the valve of the temperature control device is controlled by the resistance of the motor circuit, so that the amount of the saline in the concentrated saline storage device entering the saline solution preparation machine is controlled.
Preferably, the refrigeration system includes a thermostatic expansion valve, a condenser and a compressor.
Preferably, the filter is provided with two outlets, one of which is communicated with the fluidized ice making machine and the pipeline is provided with a raw material water pump; the other outlet is communicated with the nucleating agent solution machine and the salt solution preparation machine, and the pipeline is provided with a water replenishing pump.
Preferably, a pipeline of the fluidized ice making machine connected with the ice storage barrel is provided with a fluidized ice pump.
Preferably, the stirrer in the cylinder of the fluidized ice making machine is a scraper blade; the scraper is used for feeding the salt solution prepared by the salt solution preparation machine, the nucleating agent solution prepared by the fluidized ice preparation machine and the filtered river water conveyed by the filter into the fluidized ice preparation machine to be mixed and stirred to prepare raw material water, and the raw material water is refrigerated by the refrigerating system to prepare fluidized ice to be output.
Preferably, the ice storage barrel is provided with an outer shell and an inner lining; and a vacuum interlayer is arranged between the outer shell and the inner liner.
Preferably, three layers of filter screens are arranged in the filter, and the pore diameters of the three layers of filter screens are sequentially reduced from outside to inside.
The utility model discloses the rivers water that directly utilizes the fishing operation region directly makes into the liquefaction ice, and direct freezing is preserved after the fishing, stores marine products such as fish more effectively. The utility model discloses structure safe and reliable easily operates, and system ice is efficient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the ice storage barrel of the present invention
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the filter of the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises an ice storage barrel 1, a fluidized ice pump 2, a compressor 3, a condenser 4, a thermostatic expansion valve 5, a raw material water pump 6, a filter 7, a water replenishing pump 8, a nucleating agent solution machine 9, a saline solution preparation machine 10, a fluidized ice preparation machine 11, a thermal bulb 12, three groups of stirring blades 13, a nucleating agent adding device 14, a valve 15, a valve 16, a saline solution preparation machine motor 17, a stirring blade 18, a temperature control device 19, a concentrated saline storage device 20, a valve 21, a water pipe 22, a vacuum interlayer 23, a shell 24, a lining 25, a manual stop valve 26, a first filtering layer 27, a second filtering layer 28 and a third filtering layer 29.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-3, the present invention has two systems, a refrigeration cycle and an ice-making cycle;
wherein the refrigeration cycle system comprises a fluidized ice making machine 11, a thermostatic expansion valve 5, a condenser 4 and a compressor 3; is responsible for refrigerating and reducing the temperature of the fluidized ice making machine 11 and is matched with a scraper in the fluidized ice making machine 11 to form fluidized ice particles with fine particle size.
The ice making circulation system includes a salt solution preparing machine 10 for supplying a salt solution, a fluidized ice preparing machine 9 for supplying a nucleating agent solution, a filter 7 for supplying filtered river water, and a fluidized ice preparing machine 11 for preparing fluidized ice by mixing and stirring, and an ice storage bucket 1 for storing the finished fluidized ice.
Wherein the inlet of the filter 7 is directly placed in the river to extract the river water, the outlet of the filter 7 is divided into two branch pipelines, wherein the pipeline directly leading to the fluidized ice making machine is provided with a raw material water pump 6, and the other pipeline leading to the nucleating agent solution machine 9 and the salt solution making machine 10 is provided with a water replenishing pump 8; and starting different pumps to convey according to different required water devices.
The filter 7 is internally provided with a first filter layer 27, a second filter layer 28 and a third filter layer 29 from inside to outside in sequence as shown in figure 3; the aperture of the three layers of filter screens is reduced in sequence. The first filter layer 27 is used for filtering larger body type impurities such as animals and plants in river water; the second filter layer 28 is used for filtering impurity particles with larger particle size; the third filter layer 29 is used for filtering fine substances with small particle size, including organic substances and heavy metals, and removing synthetic detergents, bacteria, and the like. The material of the filtering layer can be selected according to the impurity amount of the basin, and generally, the first filtering layer 27 and the second filtering layer 28 can be stainless steel filtering nets with different apertures; the third filter layer 29 is activated carbon or other adsorptive filter layer.
The water solvent of the nucleating agent solution machine 9 is provided by a filter 7, and a nucleating agent adding device 14 is arranged on the side of the nucleating agent solution machine 9. Nucleating agent is equipped with in the nucleating agent adds 14, because the utility model discloses the aquatic products direct contact of the direct and fish of the fluidization ice of making, consequently nucleating agent must be food level, and nucleating agent can select for use edible micron (mum) rank granule such as raw corn flour for use. Three groups of stirring blades 13 are arranged in a stirring barrel of the nucleating agent adding device 14, and the three groups of stirring blades 13 are powered by a motor fixed on the top cover of the nucleating agent adding device 14. The nucleating agent adding device 14 mixes the nucleating agent with river water to form a nucleating agent solution and conveys the nucleating agent solution into the fluidized ice making machine 11. The pipeline of the nucleating agent adding device 14 connected with the fluidized ice making machine 11 is provided with a valve 15 for controlling the opening and closing of the pipeline.
The aqueous solvent of the saline solution preparation machine 10 is provided by a filter 7 and the salt is provided by a strong brine storage 20. A single-stage stirring blade 18 is provided in the stirring barrel of the saline solution preparation machine 10, and the single-stage stirring blade 18 is driven by a saline solution preparation machine motor 17 placed outside the saline solution preparation machine 10. The brine solution preparation machine 10 mixes the strong brine and the river water to form brine solution with required concentration, and then the brine solution is conveyed into the fluidized ice preparation machine 11, and the pipeline of the brine solution is controlled by a valve 16 to be switched.
The supply of the concentrated brine storage 20 to the brine preparation machine 10 is controlled by a valve 21, and the opening and closing of the valve 21 is controlled by a temperature control device 19. The conduit for delivering the concentrated brine storage means 20 to the brine solution preparation machine 10 is a corrosion-resistant water conduit 22, which is made of a material having high salt resistance due to its high salt water concentration.
The temperature control means 19 comprises a temperature sensor, a circuit with a ring resistor and a motor and a valve 21 whose opening is controlled by the motor. The temperature control device 19 is composed of a temperature sensing bulb 12, a pressure sensor and a spring tube. The temperature sensing bulb 12 is arranged at the ice outlet of the fluidized ice making machine 11, the spring tube is connected into the motor circuit and is connected with the annular resistor, and the size of the resistor connected into the circuit is controlled by the deformation size of the spring tube.
In order to ensure that the temperature fluctuation of the fluidized ice is within the control range, when the system runs, the temperature sensing bulb 12 senses the temperature of the fluidized ice at the outlet and converts the temperature signal into a pressure signal so as to change the bending degree of the spring tube, change the resistance connected into the circuit and further change the current in the circuit, change the rotation angle of the motor so as to change the opening degree of the valve 21 and control the amount of the concentrated brine flowing in. When the temperature of the fluidized ice is at the set temperature, the spring tube is in the maximum state of bending, the resistance of the access circuit is the maximum at the moment, the motor does not work, the valve 21 for supplying the strong brine is closed, when the temperature of the fluidized ice is higher than the set temperature, the thermal bulb transmits a signal to the spring tube, and the spring tube is unfolded under the action of pressure difference, so that the resistance of the access circuit is reduced, the current of the circuit is increased, the rotation angle of the motor is large, the valve 21 is further opened, and the strong brine is supplied to the salt solution preparation machine 10.
The fluidized ice maker 11 is provided with three independent pipeline inlets which are respectively connected with the nucleating agent solution maker 9, the salt solution maker 10 and the filter 7. The fluidized ice making machine 11 is characterized in that four-blade type scraping blades are arranged in a cylinder, the inner wall of the inner cylinder at the tail end of each scraping blade is close to each other, and the other end of each scraping blade is connected with a driving motor; the blades correspond to stirring blades for mixing the materials in the fluidized ice maker 11 and making fluidized ice in cooperation with a refrigeration system.
The fluidized ice is delivered out from an ice outlet of the fluidized ice maker 11 after being made, and a pipeline connecting the ice outlet and the ice storage barrel 1 is provided with a fluidized ice pump 2.
The ice bank 1 has a double-walled structure with a vacuum interlayer 23 as shown in fig. 2, an outer shell 24 made of a heat insulating material, and an inner liner 25 made of a corrosion resistant material. The ice outlet pipeline of the ice storage barrel 1 is provided with a manual stop valve 26, and the fluidized ice in the ice storage barrel 1 is placed for preservation after fishing operation.
Taking the case that the fluidized ice is required to be prepared in the fishing operation in the inland fresh water river basin as an example, firstly, the impurities in the river water are removed through the filter 7, and the river water is conveyed into the fluidized ice preparation machine 11 through the raw material water pump 6. The nucleating agent solution machine 9 and the salt solution preparation machine 10 are started before the ice making operation, and are added according to the amount of fluidized ice and the salt concentration of the fluidized ice as required. When the temperature control device 19 operates, the temperature sensing bulb 12 senses the temperature of the outlet fluidized ice, converts a temperature signal into a pressure signal, and then controls the amount of the inflow concentrated brine by changing the opening of the valve by changing the current. In response to the opening of valve 21 of brine storage 20, brine is discharged and then mixed in brine preparation machine 00 and delivered to fluidized ice maker 11 through valve 16.
Meanwhile, a proper amount of nucleating agent is added into the nucleating agent solution machine 9 through the nucleating agent adding device 14, the motor is started to rotate and stir, and the nucleating agent solution is conveyed to the fluidized ice making machine 11, the fluidized ice making machine 11 starts to work after the preparation stage is finished, the refrigeration compressor 3 is started to enable the refrigeration cycle to run, the stirrer is started to drive the four blades to rotate, and the ice crystal mixture flowing out of the ice bucket is conveyed to the ice storage bucket 1 through the fluidized ice pump 2. The manual cut-off valve 26 is opened to discharge the fluidized ice product in the ice bank 1 when necessary.
The utility model discloses a three-phase asynchronous machine of TC8016 model is chooseed for use to all motors, and SC15G model piston compressor is chooseed for use to compressor 3, and condenser 4 adopts XJ-003265 condenser, and WFGW12/36-2G model pump is chooseed for use to all pumps, and temperature sensor and pressure sensor adopt SBWZP model integral type temperature and pressure sensor. The above-mentioned power supply unit can select any product that can realize different models, different brands, different inner structure of the same function to replace, as long as can realize the utility model discloses required function can, the technical staff in the field can carry out corresponding replacement according to the actual work needs.
The utility model has no improvement on any software, processor, power supply device and circuit connection mode; it belongs to a part of the prior art, can make any corresponding modification, adaptation and model selection according to the shape, category or purpose of the actual product, the above-mentioned software, power supply device, processor and circuit connection mode do not belong to the utility model discloses do not belong to the improvement part to the prior art; and are not described in detail herein, are prior art.
The foregoing is a more detailed description of the present invention, taken in conjunction with the specific preferred embodiments thereof, and it is not intended that the invention be limited to the specific embodiments shown and described. To the utility model belongs to the technical field of ordinary technical personnel, do not deviate from the utility model discloses under the prerequisite of design, can also make a plurality of simple deductions or replacement, all should regard as belonging to the utility model discloses a protection scope.

Claims (8)

1. A system for preparing fluidized ice by using river water is characterized by comprising;
a filter provided with an inlet for river water; a filter screen is arranged in the filter;
a salt solution preparation machine provided with a pipeline connected with the strong brine storage device, the fluidized ice preparation machine and the filter; a valve is arranged on a pipeline connecting the saline solution preparation machine and the fluidized ice preparation machine; stirring blades are arranged in the saline solution preparation machine;
strong brine is filled in the strong brine storage device; the strong brine storage device controls the amount of the strong brine entering the brine preparation machine through the temperature control device;
a nucleating agent solution machine provided with a pipeline connected with the fluidized ice making machine and the filter; the nucleating agent solution machine is provided with a nucleating agent adding device and stirring blades; a valve is arranged on a pipeline connected with the fluidized ice making machine of the saline solution preparation machine; a nucleating agent adding device puts nucleating agents into a nucleating agent solution machine;
the fluidized ice making machine is provided with an inlet pipeline which is respectively connected with the filter, the nucleating agent solution machine and the salt solution preparation machine; the fluidized ice making machine is connected with a refrigerating system; the ice outlet of the fluidized ice making machine is connected with the ice storage barrel; a stirrer is arranged in the fluidized ice making machine.
2. The system for making fluidized ice using river water according to claim 1, wherein: the temperature control device comprises a temperature sensor and a valve controlled by a motor; the temperature sensor comprises a temperature sensing bulb, a pressure sensor and a spring tube; the temperature sensing bulb is arranged at an ice outlet of the fluidized ice making machine; the spring tube is connected to the motor circuit and connected with the annular resistor;
the deformation degree of the spring tube is controlled by the temperature sensor, the resistance of the motor circuit is controlled by the deformation degree of the spring tube, and the opening degree of the valve of the temperature control device is controlled by the resistance of the motor circuit, so that the amount of the saline in the concentrated saline storage device entering the saline solution preparation machine is controlled.
3. The system for making fluidized ice using river water according to claim 1, wherein: the refrigeration system includes a thermostatic expansion valve, a condenser and a compressor.
4. The system for making fluidized ice using river water according to claim 1, wherein: the filter is provided with two outlets, one of which is communicated with the fluidized ice making machine and the pipeline is provided with a raw material water pump; the other outlet is communicated with the nucleating agent solution machine and the salt solution preparation machine, and the pipeline is provided with a water replenishing pump.
5. The system for making fluidized ice using river water according to claim 1, wherein: and a pipeline for connecting the fluidized ice making machine and the ice storage barrel is provided with a fluidized ice pump.
6. The system for making fluidized ice using river water according to claim 1, wherein: the stirrer in the cylinder of the fluidized ice making machine is a scraping blade; the scraper is used for feeding the salt solution prepared by the salt solution preparation machine, the nucleating agent solution prepared by the fluidized ice preparation machine and the filtered river water conveyed by the filter into the fluidized ice preparation machine to be mixed and stirred to prepare raw material water, and the raw material water is refrigerated by the refrigerating system to prepare fluidized ice to be output.
7. The system for making fluidized ice using river water according to claim 1, wherein: the ice storage barrel is provided with an outer shell and a lining; and a vacuum interlayer is arranged between the outer shell and the inner liner.
8. The system for making fluidized ice using river water according to claim 1, wherein: three layers of filter screens are arranged in the filter, and the pore diameters of the three layers of filter screens are sequentially reduced from outside to inside.
CN201921176680.7U 2019-07-25 2019-07-25 System for preparing fluidized ice by using river water Active CN210980453U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921176680.7U CN210980453U (en) 2019-07-25 2019-07-25 System for preparing fluidized ice by using river water

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921176680.7U CN210980453U (en) 2019-07-25 2019-07-25 System for preparing fluidized ice by using river water

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210980453U true CN210980453U (en) 2020-07-10

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CN201921176680.7U Active CN210980453U (en) 2019-07-25 2019-07-25 System for preparing fluidized ice by using river water

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