CN210817994U - Composite machining center for metal parts - Google Patents

Composite machining center for metal parts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210817994U
CN210817994U CN201921347788.8U CN201921347788U CN210817994U CN 210817994 U CN210817994 U CN 210817994U CN 201921347788 U CN201921347788 U CN 201921347788U CN 210817994 U CN210817994 U CN 210817994U
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China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
supporting
driving
machining center
clamping
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CN201921347788.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶青健
何旭婷
沈成辉
杨红梅
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Foshan Pratic CNC Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Foshan Pratic CNC Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201921347788.8U priority Critical patent/CN210817994U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a composite machining center of metal parts, which comprises a machine table, a laser cutting device and a CNC machining device, wherein the machine table is provided with a feeding track; the laser cutting device is arranged on the machine table; the CNC machining device is installed in the board, the laser cutting device with the CNC machining device interval is located on the pay-off track. The utility model discloses technical scheme's combined machining center of metalwork has the advantage that machining efficiency is high.

Description

Composite machining center for metal parts
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a work piece processing technology field, in particular to combined machining center of metalwork.
Background
In general, when a metal workpiece is machined, a raw material is cut into a desired size, and then the cut workpiece is subjected to finishing operations such as hole finishing, end face finishing, and step face machining. At present, the cutting operation and the finishing operation of the metal workpiece are respectively completed on two devices, and the workpiece needs to be transported to another device for finishing after being cut on one device. Therefore, the transportation cost is high, and the processing efficiency is low.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a combined machining center of metalwork aims at solving the technical problem that combined machining center machining efficiency is low of current metalwork.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a combined machining center of metalwork, include:
a machine table provided with a feeding track;
the laser cutting device is arranged on the machine table; and
the CNC machining device is installed on the machine table, and the laser cutting device and the CNC machining device are arranged on the feeding track at intervals.
Optionally, the laser cutting device and the CNC processing device are arranged in sequence along the feeding direction of the machine table.
Optionally, the feeding track includes a feeding section and a processing section sequentially arranged along a feeding direction of the machine table, and the laser cutting device and the CNC processing device are both arranged at the processing section;
the composite machining center of the metal piece further comprises a supporting device and a clamping device, the supporting device is arranged on the feeding section and used for supporting the workpiece, and the clamping device is arranged on the machining section and used for clamping the workpiece.
Optionally, the combined machining center of the metal part further comprises a rotating device, and the rotating device is mounted on the feeding section and used for clamping the workpiece and driving the workpiece to rotate.
Optionally, the turning device is installed at both ends of the feeding section along the feeding direction of the machine table.
Optionally, one or both of the two rotating devices may be slidably mounted on the machine table, and the sliding direction of the rotating devices is parallel to the feeding direction of the machine table.
Optionally, the support device includes a support and a rotating wheel, the rotating wheel is rotatably mounted on the support, the rotating wheel has a rotation axis, the rotating wheel is provided with a first support arc surface, the first support arc surface winds around the rotation axis to extend, and one end of the first support arc surface in the extending direction is gradually close to the rotating shaft of the rotating wheel to the other end.
Optionally, the supporting device further includes a first driving member, and the first driving member is configured to drive the rotating wheel to rotate.
Optionally, the clamping device comprises a lifting cylinder, a support plate, a first clamping plate, a second clamping plate, a first driving cylinder and a second driving cylinder, wherein,
the lifting cylinder is arranged on a processing table of the machine table, the supporting plate is arranged at the power end of the lifting cylinder and used for being driven by the lifting cylinder to lift along the direction vertical to the table surface of the processing table so as to support a workpiece, the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are arranged on the supporting plate in a sliding way and are arranged oppositely, the first driving cylinder and the second driving cylinder are respectively used for driving the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate to slide so as to clamp or release the workpiece,
the first drive cylinder and/or the second drive cylinder may be slidably mounted to the support plate.
Optionally, the first drive cylinder and the second drive cylinder are both slidably mounted to the support plate;
the clamping device further comprises a second driving piece and a transmission assembly, the transmission assembly is installed on the supporting plate, and the second driving piece is used for driving the first driving cylinder and the second driving cylinder to simultaneously slide in the opposite directions or back to back through the transmission assembly.
According to the technical scheme of the utility model, the laser cutting device arranged on the machine table can utilize the characteristics of high speed, high efficiency and low processing precision of the laser cutting device to perform operations such as cutting off, perforating and clamping groove on a workpiece to perform efficient rough processing; meanwhile, by means of the CNC machining device installed on the machine table, machining such as hole tapping, groove finish milling, end face finish milling and step face machining can be conducted on the workpiece by means of the characteristic that the machining precision of the CNC machining device is high. Therefore, compared with the existing composite machining center of the metal part, the composite machining center of the metal part integrates rough machining and finish machining processes of the workpiece through the cooperative work of the laser cutting device and the CNC machining device, saves the transportation process between two times of machining of the workpiece, realizes the flow line operation, and greatly improves the machining efficiency of the workpiece.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the structures shown in the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment of a combined machining center for metal parts according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of another view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a portion of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a turning device in the embodiment shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a driving assembly of the swing apparatus shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of the supporting device of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a portion of the support device of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 8 is a side view of the wheel of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 9 is another side view of the wheel of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 10 is a top view of the rotor of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 11 is another partial schematic structural view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the structure of the clamping device in the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the clamping device shown in FIG. 12 from another perspective;
FIG. 14 is an exploded view of the clamping device shown in FIG. 12;
fig. 15 is a schematic view of the clamping device shown in fig. 13 from another perspective.
The reference numbers illustrate:
100. a machine platform; 110. a feeding track; 111. a feeding section; 112. a processing section; 120. a feeding seat, 130 and a processing table; 140. a rack rail; 200. a laser cutting device; 300. a CNC machining device; 400. A support device; 410. a support; 411. a column; 412. a mounting seat; 420. a rotating wheel; 421. a first limit groove; 421a, a first support cambered surface; 422. a second limit groove; 422a and a second support cambered surface; 423. A rotating shaft; 430. a first driving member; 440. a first drive belt; 500. a clamping device; 501. a first guide bar; 502. a second guide bar; 510. a lifting cylinder; 520. a support plate; 530. a first driving cylinder; 540. a second driving cylinder; 550. a first splint; 560. a second splint; 570. a second driving member; 580. a transmission assembly; 581. a first slide plate; 582. a second slide plate; 583. a screw rod; 583a, a first thread segment; 583b, a second thread segment; 590. a second belt; 600. a turning device; 610. a base station; 620. a turntable; 630. a claw; 640. a drive assembly; 641. a drive motor; 642. a transmission gear; 700. chip removal machine
The objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that, if directional indications (such as upper, lower, left, right, front and rear … …) are involved in the embodiment of the present invention, the directional indications are only used to explain the relative position relationship between the components, the motion situation, etc. in a specific posture (as shown in the drawings), and if the specific posture is changed, the directional indications are changed accordingly.
In addition, if there is a description relating to "first", "second", etc. in the embodiments of the present invention, the description of "first", "second", etc. is for descriptive purposes only and is not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In addition, the meaning of "and/or" appearing throughout is to include three juxtapositions, exemplified by "A and/or B" including either scheme A, or scheme B, or a scheme in which both A and B are satisfied. In addition, the technical solutions in the embodiments may be combined with each other, but it must be based on the realization of those skilled in the art, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, the combination of the technical solutions should not be considered to exist, and is not within the protection scope of the present invention.
The utility model provides a combined machining center of metalwork.
In the embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the composite machining center for metal parts includes a machine 100, a laser cutting device 200 and a CNC machining device 300. The machine 100 has a feeding rail 110, the laser cutting device 200 and the CNC processing device 300 are both installed on the machine 100, and the laser cutting device 200 and the CNC processing device 300 are arranged on the feeding rail 110 of the machine 100 at intervals.
It is understood that, in general, when a metal workpiece is machined, a raw material is cut into a desired size, and then the cut workpiece is subjected to finishing operations such as hole finishing, end face finishing, and step face machining. At present, the cutting operation and the finishing operation of the metal workpiece are respectively completed on two devices, and the workpiece needs to be transported to another device for finishing after being cut on one device. Therefore, the transportation cost is high, and the processing efficiency is low.
The technical scheme of this application, through the laser cutting device 200 of installation on the board 100, usable laser cutting device 200 is high-speed, high-efficient, the characteristic that machining precision is low, cuts off the metal work piece, operations such as trompil, draw-in groove carry out efficient rough machining, simultaneously through the CNC processingequipment 300 of installation on the board 100, the characteristic that usable CNC processingequipment 300 machining precision is high carries out processing such as hole tapping, groove finish milling, terminal surface finish milling, step face processing to metal work piece. It can be seen that, compared with the existing composite machining center for metal parts, the composite machining center for metal parts integrates the rough machining and the finish machining of the workpiece through the cooperative work of the laser cutting device 200 and the CNC machining device 300, omits the transportation process between two times of machining of the workpiece, realizes the assembly line operation, and greatly improves the machining efficiency of the workpiece.
Alternatively, in the present embodiment, the laser cutting device 200 and the CNC processing device 300 are arranged in sequence along the feeding direction of the machine 100. It can be understood that since the laser cutting device 200 can carry out rough machining to the workpiece, and the CNC machining device 300 can then carry out finish machining to the workpiece, consequently set gradually laser cutting device 200 and CNC machining device 300 along the direction of feed of board 100, can carry out efficient rough machining to the workpiece earlier, carry out finish machining again on the basis of rough machining, can greatly improve finish machining's machining efficiency to the maximum efficiency improves the machining efficiency of the combined machining center of metalwork. Of course, the design of the present application is not limited thereto, and in another embodiment of the present application, the CNC processing device 300 may be arranged at the feeding side of the laser cutting device 200, so that when processing the workpiece, the CNC processing device 300 may firstly perform operations such as milling, drilling and the like on the part of the whole workpiece on the feeding track 110, and then the laser cutting device 200 may cut off the processed part of the workpiece to obtain the required workpiece.
For convenience of description, an xyz three-axis coordinate system is established with the feeding direction of the tool 100 as the x-axis.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the laser head of the laser cutting device 200 is movable in the y-axis direction and the z-axis direction, and the tool bit of the CNC machining device 300 is movable in the x-axis direction, the y-axis direction, and the z-axis direction.
With reference to fig. 1 and fig. 2, in the present embodiment, the feeding track 110 of the machine 100 includes a feeding section 111 and a processing section 112 sequentially arranged along the feeding direction of the machine 100, wherein the laser cutting device 200 and the CNC processing device 300 are both arranged on the processing section 112 of the feeding track 110. Specifically, since the workpieces are mostly strip-shaped materials, such as square tubes, plates, etc., the feeding rail 110 in the present application does not refer to a rail on which a conveyor belt or the like can support and transport the workpieces, but refers to a channel through which the workpieces can be fed in a certain direction. The feeding section 111 and the processing section 112 respectively mean that the workpiece is still in a feeding state in the feeding section 111 portion, and is processed by the laser cutting device 200 and the CNC processing device 300 in the processing section 112 portion. Specifically, in the present embodiment, the machine station 100 includes a feeding seat 120 and a processing table 130, wherein the feeding seat 120 is disposed corresponding to the feeding section 111, and the processing table 130 is disposed corresponding to the processing section 112, so as to facilitate feeding and processing of the workpiece.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the workpiece machining apparatus further includes a supporting device 400, a clamping device 500, a turning device 600, and a chip remover 700. Wherein, the supporting device 400 is disposed on the feeding section 111 for supporting the workpiece; the clamping device 500 is arranged at the processing section 112 and is used for clamping the workpiece so as to facilitate the processing of the workpiece; the rotating device 600 is mounted on the feeding section 111 and used for clamping and driving the workpiece to rotate, and the workpiece is driven to rotate by the rotating device 600, so that the laser cutting device 200 and/or the CNC processing device 300 can conveniently process the circumferential direction of the workpiece, and the laser cutting device 200 can conveniently cut off the workpiece; the chip removal machine is mounted at the machining section 112 and is used for collecting chips falling from the workpiece of the CNC machining device 300 so as to keep the working space clean.
Further, as shown in fig. 3, in the present embodiment, the rotating devices 600 are installed at both ends of the feeding section 111 along the feeding direction of the machine table 100. It can be understood that since the workpiece is still in the feeding state in the feeding section 111, and the workpiece does not need to be processed, the rotating devices 600 mounted at both ends of the feeding section 111 can not only support the workpiece, but also improve the clamping strength of the workpiece, so as to rotate the workpiece. Specifically, in the present embodiment, two rotating devices 600 are respectively mounted on both ends of the feeding base 120. Of course, in some embodiments of the present application, 1, 3, 4, 5, and more sets of turning devices 600 may be disposed on the feeding section 111.
Referring to fig. 4, in the present embodiment, the rotation device 600 includes a base 610, a turntable 620, and a claw 630. The base 610 is mounted on the feeding base 120, the rotary table 620 is rotatably mounted on the base 610, a material passing channel is formed in the rotary table 620 for a workpiece to pass through, the claw 630 is movably arranged on the rotary table 620, the claw 630 has a clamping state and a releasing state, the claw 630 clamps the workpiece passing through the material passing channel in the clamping state, and the claw 630 releases clamping of the workpiece in the releasing state. It will be appreciated that when a workpiece is fed, the jaws 630 are in a release state, and when the workpiece is to be rotated, the jaws 630 are first switched to a gripping state to grip the workpiece, and then the turntable 620 is rotated to rotate the workpiece.
Preferably, in the present embodiment, the latch 630 is slidably mounted on the circumferential side of the turntable 620, and the latch 630 may be slidably switched between the clamping state and the releasing state. Of course, in other embodiments of the present application, the jaws 630 may be rotatably mounted on the periphery of the turntable 620, and the jaws 360 may rotate relative to the turntable 620 to clamp the workpiece. So set up, simple structure, it is convenient to realize, and the centre gripping dynamics of jack catch 630 is strong.
Further, in the embodiment, the rotating devices 600 at both ends of the feeding section 111 are slidably mounted on the machine 100, and the sliding direction of each rotating device 600 is parallel to the feeding direction of the machine 100. That is, both of the swiveling devices 600 can slide in the x-axis direction. It can be understood that the arrangement can adjust the distance between the two rotating devices 600 by sliding the two rotating devices 600 to adapt to the processing of workpieces with different requirements. Of course, in other embodiments of the present application, one of the two rotating devices 600 may be slidably mounted on the machine table 100 to adjust the distance between the two rotating devices 600.
Referring to fig. 3 and fig. 5, in the present embodiment, the rotating device 600 further includes a driving assembly 640, and the driving assembly 640 is used for driving the rotating device 600 to slide on the machine table 100. The driving assembly 640 drives the rotating device 600 to slide, so that the position of the rotating device 600 on the machine table 100 can be adjusted automatically/semi-automatically, and the working efficiency is high. Of course, in other embodiments of the present application, the sliding and fixing of the swing device 600 may also be manually driven.
Specifically, in the embodiment, the machine 100 is provided with a rack rail 140, and the rack rail 140 is specifically installed on the top of the feeding seat 120 and is arranged along the feeding direction of the machine 100.
The base 610 is slidably mounted on the feeding base 120, the driving device includes a driving motor 641 and a transmission gear 642, wherein the transmission gear 642 is rotatably mounted on the base 610 and engaged with the rack rail 140, and the driving motor 641 is mounted on the base 610 for driving the transmission gear 642 to rotate. Thus, the driving motor 641 drives the transmission gear 642 to rotate, and the transmission gear 642 rotates and advances along the extending direction of the rack rail 140, so as to drive the base 610 to slide along the feeding base 120. Meanwhile, the base 610 can be automatically fixed by self-locking the driving motor 641. Of course, in other embodiments of the present application, the sliding of the swiveling device 600 can also be realized by a pulling rope, a roller, etc.
Referring to fig. 3, 6 and 7, in the present embodiment, the supporting device 400 includes a bracket 410 and a rotating wheel 420, wherein the rotating wheel 420 is rotatably mounted on the bracket 410, the rotating wheel 420 has a rotating axis, the rotating wheel 420 is further provided with a first supporting arc surface 421a, the first supporting arc surface 421a extends around the rotating axis of the rotating wheel 420, and one end of the first supporting arc surface 421a in the extending direction gradually approaches the rotating shaft 423 of the rotating wheel 420 to the other end. It will be appreciated that the rotational axis of the wheel 420 extends in the same direction as the rotational axis 423.
When the composite machining center for metal parts machines a long workpiece, the workpiece is clamped at the machining device, and the support device is arranged at the feeding side of the machining device to support the workpiece, so that the workpiece is prevented from falling and deforming, and the machining precision is prevented from being affected. In the process of machining a workpiece, the workpiece is sometimes rotated to machine the circumferential direction of the workpiece. Besides the round tubular workpiece, during the rotation of most workpieces (such as square tube, etc.), the position of the workpiece in contact with the supporting device changes, that is, the actual required supporting height of the workpiece changes. The support height of the conventional support device cannot be adjusted, so that the workpiece cannot be supported in real time in the workpiece processing process, and the processing precision of the workpiece is influenced.
It can be understood that the technical scheme of the utility model, set up the first support cambered surface 421a that extends around the axis of rotation of runner 420 on runner 420 to set up this first support cambered surface 421a into and be close to runner 420 gradually from extending direction's one end to the other end, so, through runner 420 for the rotation of support 410, alright adjust the position that first support cambered surface 421a compares in support 410, thereby adjust runner 420's actual bearing height, and the different processing situation of adaptation work piece. Therefore, compared with the existing composite machining center for the metal part, the composite machining center for the metal part has the advantages that the workpiece can be supported in real time in the machining process, and the machining precision of the workpiece is improved.
Referring to fig. 9 and 10, in the present embodiment, the rotating wheel 420 is further provided with a second supporting arc surface 422a, the second supporting arc surface 422a extends around the rotating axis of the rotating wheel 420, and one end of the second supporting arc surface 422a in the extending direction gradually approaches the rotating shaft 423 from one end to the other end. Specifically, two ends of the second supporting arc surface 422a in the extending direction are respectively connected to two ends of the first supporting arc surface 421a in the extending direction, and one end of the second supporting arc surface 422a farthest from the rotating shaft 423 is connected to one end of the first supporting arc surface 421a farthest from the rotating shaft 423. Correspondingly, one end of the second supporting arc surface 422a closest to the rotating shaft 423 is connected with one end of the first supporting arc surface 421a closest to the rotating shaft 423. That is, in the present embodiment, the first supporting arc 421a and the second supporting arc 422a are disposed at two sides of the rotating wheel 420, and two ends are connected to each other. By the arrangement, the circumferential surface of the rotating wheel 420 can be used for supporting workpieces, and in the process of adjusting the actual supporting height by rotating the rotating wheel 420, the rotating wheel 420 can rotate clockwise or anticlockwise around the rotating axis, so that the limitation is low, and the operation is convenient. Of course, in other embodiments, only the first supporting arc 421a may be disposed on the rotating wheel 420, or both ends of the first supporting arc 421a and the second supporting arc 422a are not connected, or only one end is connected.
Preferably, in this embodiment, the junction between the first supporting arc 421a and the second supporting arc 422a is smoothly transited.
Referring to fig. 7 and 8, the rotating wheel 420 is further provided with a first limiting groove 421 for accommodating a workpiece, and a bottom wall of the first limiting groove 421 forms the first supporting arc surface 421 a. It can be understood that, by providing the first limit groove 421 on the rotating wheel 420, the position of the workpiece on the rotating wheel 420 can be limited, so as to maintain the consistency of the workpiece in the feeding direction, and further improve the processing precision of the workpiece. In this embodiment, the first position-limiting groove 421 is formed in the middle of the wheel 420 in a recessed manner, and in other embodiments, the first position-limiting groove 421 may be formed in a part of the wheel 420 in a raised manner. Of course, in other embodiments, a limiting structure such as a limiting post may be disposed on the wheel 420 to limit the position of the workpiece.
Specifically, the first supporting arc 421a has a distal end farthest from the rotation shaft 423 and a proximal end closest to the rotation shaft 423. The width of the first position-limiting groove 421 gradually decreases from the distal end of the first supporting arc 421a to the proximal end. In this regard, the present embodiment is explained by taking an aluminum square tube as an example, and not only the height of the portion of the workpiece in contact with the runner 420 is changed, but also the width of the portion of the workpiece in the first limit groove 421 is changed during the rotation of the workpiece. The groove width of the first limiting groove 421 is gradually reduced along the direction from the far end to the near end of the first supporting arc surface 421a, so that the actual supporting height of the rotating wheel 420 and the groove width of the first limiting groove 421 for accommodating the workpiece can be adjusted simultaneously in the rotating process of the rotating wheel 420, the workpiece can be supported and limited in real time, and the machining precision of the workpiece can be improved. It can be understood that the actual support height of the rotating wheel 420 is highest when the distal end of the first support arc 421a abuts against the workpiece, and the actual support height of the rotating wheel 420 is lowest when the proximal end of the first support arc 421a abuts against the workpiece.
Referring to fig. 9 and 10, in the present embodiment, the rotating wheel 420 is further provided with a second limiting groove 422, a second supporting arc surface 422a is formed on a bottom wall of the second limiting groove 422, a groove width of the second limiting groove 422 is gradually reduced along a direction from a distal end to a proximal end of the second supporting arc surface 422a, and two ends of the second limiting groove 422 are respectively communicated with two ends of the first limiting groove 421. That is, in the present embodiment, the wide end of the first position-limiting groove 421 communicates with the wide end of the second position-limiting groove 422, and the narrow end of the first position-limiting groove 421 communicates with the narrow end of the second position-limiting groove 422. It can be understood that, by providing the second limiting groove 422 on the rotating wheel 420, and two ends of the second limiting groove 422 are respectively communicated with the first limiting groove 421, when the rotating wheel 420 rotates to the second supporting arc surface 422a to abut against the workpiece, the position of the workpiece can be limited by the second limiting groove 422, so as to increase the limitation on the workpiece. Of course, for the manufacture of the rotor 420, the design can also reduce the difficulty of manufacturing the rotor 420 and save the cost. It should be noted that, in other embodiments of the present application, the groove width of the first position-limiting groove 421 and/or the second position-limiting groove 422 may also be kept constant.
Specifically, referring to fig. 7 to 10, in the present application, two sidewalls of the first and/or second retaining grooves 421 and 422 are inclined from the outer side to the inner side of the wheel 420 along the rotation axis of the wheel 420. By means of the arrangement, the groove width of the first limiting groove 421 and/or the second limiting groove 422 can be increased to the maximum extent so as to adapt to machining of more types of workpieces.
Specifically, in the present application, the side wall and the bottom wall of the first retaining groove 421 and/or the second retaining groove 422 are smoothly transited. The arrangement can reduce the resistance on the workpiece during rotation, and is convenient for the rotation of the workpiece.
Referring to fig. 7, in the present embodiment, the supporting device 400 further includes a first driving member 430, and the first driving member 430 is used for driving the rotating wheel 420 to rotate. It can be appreciated that by the first driving member 430 driving the rotating wheel 420 to rotate, the adaptive rotation of the rotating wheel 420 can be realized, thereby improving the processing efficiency of the workpiece. And the first driving member 430 is usually provided with a self-locking function, so that the rotating wheel 420 can keep a constant position after rotating a certain angle, so as to limit the workpiece. It should be noted that, to realize the adaptive adjustment of the rotating wheel 420, the first driving member 430 is directly controlled by the control system of the complex machining center of metal parts. The control system can preset various parameters of the workpiece, such as length, width and height, and is internally provided with an algorithm, the algorithm can calculate the required actual supporting height of the workpiece and the actual width in the first limiting groove 421 or the second limiting groove 422 according to the rotating angle of the workpiece, and then the first driving member 430 is controlled to drive the rotating wheel 420 to rotate according to the obtained actual supporting height. Obviously, the actual supporting height of the first supporting arc surface 421a on the rotating wheel 420 has a certain corresponding relationship with the groove width of the first limiting groove 421, so that the actual supporting height of the rotating wheel 420 can match the actual width of the workpiece in the first limiting groove 421. Accordingly, the actual supporting height of the second supporting arc surface 422a of the rotating wheel 420 and the groove width of the second limiting groove 422 have a corresponding relationship. It should also be noted that in other embodiments of the present application, the rotating wheel 420 can also be controlled to rotate and be fixed by manual adjustment.
Preferably, in this embodiment, the first driving member 430 is a motor, and the motor is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft 423 of the rotating wheel 420 through a first transmission belt 440. It will be appreciated that the motor, as a common first drive member 430, is technically mature, readily available and inexpensive. The output shaft of the motor is connected with the rotating shaft 423 of the rotating wheel 420 through the transmission of the first transmission belt 440, so that the motor can be installed on the side surface of the rotating wheel 420, the space is saved, and the space utilization rate is improved besides the advantages of the belt transmission. Of course, in other embodiments of the present application, the motor may also drive the rotating wheel 420 to rotate through a gear transmission or a chain transmission, or directly connect with the rotating shaft 423 to directly drive the rotating wheel 420 to rotate.
Referring to fig. 6 and 7, in the present embodiment, the bracket 410 includes a column 411 and a mounting seat 412, wherein one end of the column 411 is fixedly mounted on the machine 100, the other end of the column is provided with the mounting seat 412, and the wheel 420 is rotatably mounted on the mounting seat 412. It will be appreciated that the stand 411 may provide a height to support a workpiece, and the mounting block 412 may provide for mounting of the wheel 420.
Further, the column 411 is disposed obliquely, and the column 411 is inclined along the feeding direction of the machine 100. It can be understood that the reaction force of the workpiece on the rotating wheel 420 acting on the column 411 can be resolved, which is beneficial to improving the stress strength of the supporting device 400, thereby improving the supporting stability of the supporting device 400.
Referring to fig. 3, in the present embodiment, in order to enhance the supporting strength of the workpiece, a plurality of groups of supporting devices 400 are disposed on the machine 100 at intervals along the feeding direction of the machine 100. By the arrangement, multi-point support can be formed on the workpiece, and the support strength of the workpiece is improved. For example, the support device 400 may be provided in 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and more sets. In the case where the supporting strength is ensured, only one set of the supporting device 400 may be provided.
Referring to fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 11, fig. 12 and fig. 13, in the present embodiment, the clamping device 500 includes a lifting cylinder 510, a supporting plate 520, a first clamping plate 550, a second clamping plate 560, a first driving cylinder 530 and a second driving cylinder 540.
Specifically, the lifting cylinder 510 is mounted on the processing table 130, the support plate 520 is mounted on a power end of the lifting cylinder 510 for being lifted in a direction perpendicular to the top surface of the processing table 130 by the lifting cylinder 510, and the support plate 520 is used for supporting the workpiece during the processing of the workpiece. In this manner, the height of the support plate 520 with respect to the processing table 130 can be adjusted by the elevating cylinder 510 to support workpieces of different specifications.
The first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560 are slidably disposed on the supporting plate 520 and are opposite to each other, and the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540 are respectively configured to drive the first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560 to slide so as to clamp or release a workpiece. It can be understood that the distance between the first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560 can be adjusted by driving the first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560 to slide on the supporting plate 520 through the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540, respectively, thereby clamping or releasing the workpiece. Since the first clamp plate 550 and the second clamp plate 560 are independently driven by the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540, respectively, the first clamp plate 550 and the second clamp plate 560 can independently slide, and the degree of freedom of clamping the workpiece by the clamping device 500 is improved.
In particular, in the present embodiment, the first driving cylinder 530 and/or the second driving cylinder 540 are slidably mounted to the support plate 520. It can be understood that since the clamping device 500 performs clamping of the workpiece by the first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560, the first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560 are driven by the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540, respectively. Due to the limited stroke of the air cylinder, the adjustable range of the distance between the first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560 is limited, which results in a limited specification of the workpiece that can be clamped by the clamping device 500, and limits the working range of the clamping device 500. The first driving cylinder 530 and/or the second driving cylinder 540 are slidably mounted on the supporting plate 520, and the adjustable range of the distance between the first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560 can be increased by adjusting the distance between the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540, so that the clamping device 500 can clamp workpieces with different specifications, and the working range of the clamping device 500 is widened.
It can be understood that the utility model discloses technical scheme is through the lift cylinder 510 drive backup pad 520 along the direction lift of perpendicular to processing platform 130 mesa, drive cylinder 530 and the second through the first splint 550 of driving and drive the cylinder 540 and drive and slide and install on backup pad 520 through driving cylinder 530 and/or the second cylinder 540 slidable that drives for clamping device 500 can support and the work piece of centre gripping different specifications, has widened clamping device 500's working range. Compared with the existing composite machining center of the metal part, the composite machining center of the metal part has the advantage of wide application range.
Referring to fig. 11, the common workpieces are mostly strip-shaped workpieces, such as square tubes, round tubes, strip plates, etc., and in order to enhance the supporting strength and clamping strength of the workpieces, in the present embodiment, a plurality of groups of clamping devices 500 are sequentially disposed along the feeding direction of the machine 100. Of course, in other embodiments of the present application, only one set of clamping devices 500 may be provided on the processing table 130.
The clamping device 500 of the present application will be further described with reference to one of the clamping devices 500 on the processing table 130 as an example.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540 are each slidably mounted to the support plate 520. Thus, the distance between the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540 can be adjusted, so as to improve the adjustability of the distance between the first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560 to the maximum extent. Of course, in other embodiments, only the first driving cylinder 530 or only the second driving cylinder 540 may be slidably mounted to the support plate 520.
Referring to fig. 12 and 13, in the present embodiment, the clamping device 500 further includes a second driving member 570 and a transmission assembly 580. The driving unit 580 is mounted on the supporting plate 520, and the second driving member 570 drives the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540 to slide toward or away from each other simultaneously through the driving unit 580. Therefore, the same power part can drive the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540 to move simultaneously, the distance between the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540 can be adjusted at double speed, energy is saved, and the working efficiency is high. Of course, in other embodiments of the present application, the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540 may be driven by different power members, respectively. It should be noted that the design of the present application is not limited thereto, and in other embodiments of the present application, the positions of the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540 on the supporting plate 520 may be adjusted manually, and a fastener may be provided to position the positions of the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540, for example, but not limited to, a screw, a snap, or a spring pin.
Referring to fig. 14, in the present embodiment, the transmission assembly 580 includes a first sliding plate 581, a second sliding plate 582 and a screw 583, wherein the screw 583 is rotatably installed on the supporting plate 520, the screw 583 has a first thread segment 583a and a second thread segment 583b which are spaced apart from each other, and the first thread segment 583a and the second thread segment 583b have opposite rotation directions. The first and second sliding plates 581 and 582 are respectively screwed to the first and second threaded sections 583a and 583b, the first and second sliding plates 581 and 582 are slidably mounted on the supporting plate 520, and the first and second driving cylinders 530 and 540 are respectively fixedly mounted on the first and second sliding plates 581 and 582. Accordingly, the second driving member 570 includes a motor mounted to the supporting plate 520 for driving the lead screw 583 to rotate. It can be understood that, since the rotation directions of the first thread segment 583a and the second thread segment 583b are opposite, the motor drives the screw 583 to rotate, so as to drive the first sliding plate 581 and the second sliding plate 582 to simultaneously slide toward or away from each other, thereby driving the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540 to slide toward or away from each other. The design is simple in structure and convenient to realize.
Preferably, a motor is installed at a side wall of the support plate 520, and an axial direction of an output shaft of the motor is parallel to an axial direction of the lead screw 583, and the motor drives the lead screw 583 to rotate through a second transmission belt 590. It will be appreciated that this arrangement allows the clamp device 500 to be more compact and space efficient. Of course, in other embodiments of the present application, the output shaft of the motor may be directly connected to the screw 583, and directly drive the screw 583 to rotate, or drive the screw 583 to rotate through a gear transmission manner.
As shown in fig. 12 and 13, in the present embodiment, the clamping device 500 further includes a first guide rod 501, one end of the first guide rod 501 is fixedly connected to the first clamp plate 550, and the other end is slidably connected to the first driving cylinder 530, and one end of the first guide rod 501 is fixedly connected to the second clamp plate 560, and the other end is slidably connected to the second driving cylinder 540. That is, the first guide rods 501 are disposed between the first clamp plate 550 and the first driving cylinder 530, and between the second clamp plate 560 and the second driving cylinder 540. It can be understood that the stability of the sliding of the first clamp plate 550 and the second clamp plate 560 and the stability of the clamping of the first clamp plate 550 and the second clamp plate 560 to the workpiece can be improved by providing the first guide rods 501 between the first clamp plate 550 and the first driving cylinder and between the second clamp plate 560 and the second driving cylinder 540.
Preferably, in order to further improve the motion stability of the first clamping plate 550 and the second clamping plate 560, the first guide rods 501 are arranged on both sides of the piston rods of the first driving cylinder 530 and the second driving cylinder 540.
Specifically, the first driving cylinder 530 is provided with a first slot (not labeled) facing the first clamp plate 550, the second driving cylinder 540 is provided with a second slot (not labeled) facing the second clamp plate 560, and the first slot and the second slot are used for the first guide rod 501 to be inserted.
It should be noted that in other embodiments of the present application, the first guide rod 501 may be disposed only between the first clamp plate 550 and the first driving cylinder 530, or between the second clamp plate 560 and the second driving cylinder 540.
As shown in fig. 15, in the present embodiment, the clamping device 500 further includes a second guide rod 502, one end of the second guide rod 502 is fixedly connected to the support plate 520, and the other end is slidably connected to the lifting cylinder 510. It can be appreciated that stability of the elevation of the support plate 520 can be improved by providing the second guide bar 502 between the support plate 520 and the elevation cylinder.
Preferably, in order to further improve the stability of the movement of the support plate 520, two second guide bars 502 are connected between a lifting cylinder 510 and the support plate 520.
Specifically, the lifting cylinder 510 is provided with a third slot (not labeled) disposed toward the supporting plate 520, and the third slot is used for the second guiding rod 502 to be inserted.
In the present embodiment, the extending direction of the support plate 520 is perpendicular to the feeding direction of the processing table 130. In order to further improve the stability of the lifting of the support plate 520 and the supporting strength of the support plate 520 for the workpiece, in this embodiment, two lifting cylinders 510 are provided along the extending direction of the support plate 520. In other embodiments, only one lifting cylinder 510 may be disposed along the extending direction of the supporting plate 520, or 3, 4, 5 or even more lifting cylinders 510 may be disposed.
The above only be the preferred embodiment of the utility model discloses a not consequently restriction the utility model discloses a patent range, all are in the utility model discloses a conceive, utilize the equivalent structure transform of what the content was done in the description and the attached drawing, or direct/indirect application all is included in other relevant technical field the utility model discloses a patent protection within range.

Claims (10)

1. A composite machining center for metal parts, comprising:
a machine table provided with a feeding track;
the laser cutting device is arranged on the machine table; and
the CNC machining device is installed on the machine table, and the laser cutting device and the CNC machining device are arranged on the feeding track at intervals.
2. The composite machining center for metal parts of claim 1, wherein the laser cutting device and the CNC machining device are arranged in sequence along a feeding direction of the machine table.
3. The composite machining center for metal parts according to claim 2, wherein the feeding track comprises a feeding section and a machining section which are sequentially arranged along the feeding direction of the machine table, and the laser cutting device and the CNC machining device are both arranged at the machining section;
the composite machining center of the metal piece further comprises a supporting device and a clamping device, the supporting device is arranged on the feeding section and used for supporting the workpiece, and the clamping device is arranged on the machining section and used for clamping the workpiece.
4. The composite machining center for metal parts according to claim 3, further comprising a rotating device mounted to the feeding section for holding a workpiece and driving the workpiece to rotate.
5. The metal piece composite machining center of claim 4, wherein the turning devices are mounted at both ends of the feeding section in the feeding direction of the machine table.
6. The composite machining center for metal parts according to claim 5, wherein one or both of the two revolving devices are slidably mounted on the machine table, and a sliding direction of the revolving devices is parallel to a feeding direction of the machine table.
7. The composite machining center of a metal member as claimed in claim 3, wherein the supporting device comprises a support and a rotating wheel, the rotating wheel is rotatably mounted on the support, the rotating wheel has a rotating axis, the rotating wheel is provided with a first supporting arc surface, the first supporting arc surface extends around the rotating axis, and one end of the first supporting arc surface in the extending direction is gradually close to the rotating shaft of the rotating wheel to the other end.
8. The composite machining center for metal parts of claim 7, wherein the support device further comprises a first drive member configured to drive the wheel in rotation.
9. The composite machining center of a metal piece according to claim 3, wherein the clamping device comprises a lifting cylinder, a support plate, a first clamping plate, a second clamping plate, a first driving cylinder, and a second driving cylinder, wherein,
the lifting cylinder is arranged on a processing table of the machine table, the supporting plate is arranged at the power end of the lifting cylinder and used for being driven by the lifting cylinder to lift along the direction vertical to the table surface of the processing table so as to support a workpiece, the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are arranged on the supporting plate in a sliding way and are arranged oppositely, the first driving cylinder and the second driving cylinder are respectively used for driving the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate to slide so as to clamp or release the workpiece,
the first drive cylinder and/or the second drive cylinder may be slidably mounted to the support plate.
10. The composite machining center for metal parts of claim 9, wherein the first drive cylinder and the second drive cylinder are each slidably mounted to the support plate;
the clamping device further comprises a second driving piece and a transmission assembly, the transmission assembly is installed on the supporting plate, and the second driving piece is used for driving the first driving cylinder and the second driving cylinder to simultaneously slide in the opposite directions or back to back through the transmission assembly.
CN201921347788.8U 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 Composite machining center for metal parts Active CN210817994U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

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CN210817994U true CN210817994U (en) 2020-06-23

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Family Applications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110355485A (en) * 2019-08-19 2019-10-22 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 The Compositions of metal-working machines of metalwork

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110355485A (en) * 2019-08-19 2019-10-22 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 The Compositions of metal-working machines of metalwork

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Address after: Block 1 and block 3, No. 9, Lexin Avenue, Leping Town, Sanshui District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Guangdong Pradi Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 528100 Workshop No. 70 A, Area C, Sanshui Center Industrial Park, Foshan City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: FOSHAN PRATIC CNC SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.