CN210799016U - Ventilation mechanism for tunnel interior - Google Patents

Ventilation mechanism for tunnel interior Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210799016U
CN210799016U CN201920750538.2U CN201920750538U CN210799016U CN 210799016 U CN210799016 U CN 210799016U CN 201920750538 U CN201920750538 U CN 201920750538U CN 210799016 U CN210799016 U CN 210799016U
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China
Prior art keywords
pipe
water
ventilation
gear
tunnel
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CN201920750538.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李平
易重庆
黎刚
贾海平
丁军彦
闫晓飞
王广林
陈明建
谈进海
徐安柏
王治龙
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China Railway Tunnel Group Sichu Co Ltd
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China Railway Tunnel Group Sichu Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920750538.2U priority Critical patent/CN210799016U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a ventilation mechanism for tunnel inside, including power component and the water spray subassembly in ventilation pipe, the ventilation pipe, power component includes that the cover is fixed through branch, cover establishes the intake antrum and the flabellum that slides chamber, the intraductal connecting pipe of cover outside of tubes and be connected with the connecting pipe. The water spraying assembly comprises a first water pipe for conveying water from the outside, a spraying pipe, a planetary gear connected with the spraying pipe and the first water pipe, and a second water pipe connected with the planetary gear and the sliding cavity. The utility model discloses a power component utilizes wind to drive the subassembly that sprays to take place to rotate when spraying, has applyed centrifugal force to spun water, has strengthened the spraying effect.

Description

Ventilation mechanism for tunnel interior
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a ventilation device. More specifically, the present invention relates to a ventilation mechanism for the inside of a tunnel.
Background
The ventilator for tunnel construction calculates the wind power and wind volume required by the operation in the tunnel according to the number of people in the tunnel, the size of the cross section of the tunnel, the oxygen consumption of mechanical equipment and blasting, the concentration of carbon dioxide and other parameters. The tunnel ventilator is mainly used for discharging harmful gases generated due to excavation, explosion and the like in tunnel construction. Meanwhile, the dust particle concentration is required to be reduced, and the operation environment in the tunnel is required to be improved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To achieve these objects and other advantages in accordance with the purpose of the invention, there is provided a ventilation mechanism for a tunnel interior, including:
the ventilation pipe, its one end is located the tunnel outside is equipped with the fan, the other end stretches into inside the tunnel, include in the ventilation pipe:
power assembly, it sets up the ventilation pipe stretches into the port of the inside one end in tunnel, power assembly includes sleeve pipe, four spinal branch poles, intake antrum, slip chamber, connecting pipe, four flabellums, the sleeve pipe with the coaxial setting of ventilation pipe, four spinal branch poles are all followed the radial setting of ventilation pipe, and the both ends rigid coupling respectively of a spinal branch pole the inner wall of ventilation pipe with sheathed tube lateral wall, four spinal branch poles about sheathed tube axis central symmetry, the intake antrum with the slip chamber is inside hollow annular barrel, the intake antrum cover is established the sleeve pipe is close to the ventilation pipe stretches into the port of the inside one end in tunnel, the inlet opening is seted up to the terminal surface of intake antrum, the lateral wall of intake antrum is equipped with the first annular through-hole that sets up along circumference, the slip chamber is rotationally established on the intake antrum, the inside wall of slip chamber is equipped with the second annular through-hole relative with first annular through-hole and follows The edge of the annular through hole is provided with two clamping pieces, each clamping piece penetrates through the first annular through hole and then extends into the water inlet cavity to be connected with a plurality of rubber sheets, one end of each rubber sheet is fixedly connected with the clamping piece where the rubber sheet is located, the other end of each rubber sheet is in sealing contact with the inner wall of the water inlet cavity, the end face of one end of the sliding cavity is provided with three water guide holes, the connecting pipe is coaxially arranged in the sleeve and is connected with the sleeve through a first bearing, after the connecting pipe extends out of the ventilating pipe, the four fan blades are simultaneously connected with the peripheral surface of the connecting pipe and are arranged opposite to the water inlet cavity, and the four fan blades are centrosymmetric about the axis of the;
the water spray assembly comprises a first water pipe, a third second water pipe, a planetary gear and a plurality of spray pipes, wherein one end of the first water pipe is connected with an external water source and the other end of the first water pipe is communicated with the water inlet hole, one end of the third second water pipe is simultaneously communicated with three water guide holes in the sliding cavity, the planetary gear is located at one end of the vent pipe, the planetary gear comprises a sun gear, a third first gear ring meshed with the sun gear and a second gear ring meshed with the three first gear ring, the sun gear is coaxially connected with the connecting pipe, the three first gear rings are hollow inside and communicated with the other end of the third second water pipe, the plurality of spray pipes are arranged on the inner side wall of the three first gear rings respectively, one spray pipe comprises a bent pipe and a nozzle, the inner side wall of the first gear ring where the bent pipe is attached to the bent pipe is arranged, one end of the bent pipe is communicated with the inner side wall of the first gear ring where the, The other end of the nozzle is communicated with the nozzle, and an opening of the nozzle is far away from the center of the first gear ring.
Preferably, the angle between the opening direction of the nozzle and the plane of the first gear ring is 30 degrees.
The utility model discloses at least, include following beneficial effect:
first, the nozzle of ventilation pipe air outlet department can spray water when the switch is opened, and the spun water cooperation is combined by air outlet exhaust wind of ventilation pipe and the granule such as dust, detritus in the air to the density of increase dust makes the dust sink fast, reduces dust particle concentration from the source, thereby improves operation environment in the tunnel.
Second, the utility model discloses a power component utilizes exhaust wind to drive and sprays the subassembly and take place rotatoryly when spraying, has applyed centrifugal force to spun water, has increased the scope of spraying, has strengthened the effect of spraying, realizes that quick messenger's dust sinks.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure in the ventilation pipe according to one embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the overall structure inside the tunnel according to one embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the spray pipe according to one embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic distribution diagram of the water inlet cavity and the sliding cavity according to one embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the connection between the water inlet chamber and the sliding chamber according to one embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the drawings so that those skilled in the art can implement the invention with reference to the description.
It will be understood that terms such as "having," "including," and "comprising," as used herein, do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other elements or groups thereof. In the description of the present invention, the terms "transverse", "longitudinal", "axial", "radial", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, merely to facilitate the description of the present invention and to simplify the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, a ventilation mechanism for the inside of a tunnel includes:
inside ventilation pipe 1, its one end is located 2 outsides in the tunnel and is equipped with fan 3, the other end stretches into tunnel 2, includes in ventilation pipe 1:
power component, its setting stretches into the port of 2 inside one ends in tunnel at ventilation pipe 1, power component includes sleeve pipe 11, four spinal branch poles 12, intake chamber 13, sliding chamber 14, connecting pipe 15, four flabellum 16, sleeve pipe 11 and the coaxial setting of ventilation pipe 1, four spinal branch poles 12 all follow ventilation pipe 1's radial setting, and the both ends of a spinal branch pole 12 rigid coupling ventilation pipe 1's inner wall and sleeve pipe 11's lateral wall respectively, four spinal branch poles 12 are about sleeve pipe 11's axis central symmetry, intake chamber 13 is inside hollow annular barrel with sliding chamber 14, intake chamber 13 cover is established at sleeve pipe 11 and is close to the port that ventilation pipe 1 stretches into 2 inside one ends in tunnel, the inlet opening is seted up to the terminal surface of intake chamber 13, the lateral wall of intake chamber 13 is equipped with the first annular through-hole that sets up along circumference, sliding chamber 14 rotationally overlaps on intake chamber 13, sliding chamber 14's inside wall is equipped with the second annular through-hole relative with first annular through- Each clamping piece 141 penetrates through the first annular through hole and then extends into the water inlet cavity 13 to be connected with a plurality of rubber sheets 142, one end of each rubber sheet 142 is fixedly connected with the clamping piece 141 where the rubber sheet 142 is located, the other end of each rubber sheet is in sealing contact with the inner wall of the water inlet cavity 13, the end face of one end of the sliding cavity 14 is provided with three water guide holes 143, the connecting pipe 15 is coaxially arranged in the sleeve 11 and connected with the sleeve 11 through a first bearing, after the connecting pipe 15 extends out of the ventilation pipe 1, the four fan blades 16 are simultaneously connected with the peripheral surface of the connecting pipe 15 and arranged opposite to the water inlet cavity 13, and the four fan blades 16 are centrosymmetric about the axis of the connecting;
a water spray component, which comprises a first water pipe 21, three second water pipes 22, a planetary gear 23 and a plurality of spray pipes 24, wherein one end of the first water pipe 21 is connected with an external water source, the other end is communicated with the water inlet hole, one end of each of the three second water pipes 22 is simultaneously communicated with the three water guide holes on the sliding cavity 14, the planetary gear 23 is positioned at one end of the connecting pipe 15 extending out of the vent pipe 1, the planetary gear 23 comprises a sun gear 231, three first gear rings 232 meshed with the sun gear 231 simultaneously, and second gear rings 233 meshed with the three first gear rings 232 simultaneously, the sun gear 231 is coaxially connected with the connecting pipe 15, the three first gear rings 232 are hollow and are respectively communicated with the other ends of the three second water pipes 22, the plurality of spray pipes 24 are respectively arranged on the inner side walls of the three first gear rings 232, one spray pipe 24 comprises a bent pipe 241 and a nozzle 242, the bent pipe 241 is attached to the inner side wall of the, one end of the bent pipe 241 is communicated with the inner side wall of the first gear ring 232, and the other end is communicated with the nozzle 242, and the opening of the nozzle 242 is far away from the center of the first gear ring 232.
When in use, after the fan 3 positioned outside the tunnel is started, the wind generated by the fan 3 is sent into the tunnel along the ventilation pipe 1. When wind reaches the end of the ventilation pipe 1 extending into the tunnel 2, the fan 16 starts to rotate under the influence of wind force, and since the fan 16 is disposed on the connection pipe 15 and the connection pipe 15 is rotatably connected to the sleeve pipe 11 fixed in the ventilation pipe 1 through the first bearing, the sleeve pipe 11 is fixed and the connection pipe 15 rotates. At this time, the sun gear 231 fixed to one end of the connection pipe 15 is also rotated accordingly, and since the sun gear 231 is engaged with the three first ring gears 232 and the three first ring gears 232 are engaged with the second ring gear 233, the rotation of the sun gear 231 causes the three first ring gears 232 to revolve around the sun gear 231 while rotating on their own axis. An external water source is supplied into the inlet chamber 13 provided on the sleeve 11 through the first water pipe 21. Because the inlet chamber 13 and the sliding chamber 14 are clamped by the pair of clamping pieces 141 and the gap between the inlet chamber 13 and the sliding chamber 14 is blocked by the plurality of rubber sheets 142 at one end of the clamping piece 141, the sliding chamber 14 can rotate around the inlet chamber 13, and simultaneously, the water flow is prevented from leaking from the gap between the inlet chamber 13 and the sliding chamber 14. When a certain amount of water flow enters the water inlet cavity 13 and then enters the sliding cavity 14, the side wall of the sliding cavity 14 is provided with three water guide holes 143 so as to convey the water flow from the inside of the sliding cavity 14 to the three first gear rings 232 through the three second water pipes 22, and the three first gear rings 232 are all annular cavities with hollow interiors and are connected with the nozzle 242 through the bent pipe 241 communicated with the three first gear rings 232. Therefore, when the three first gear rings 232 revolve around the sun gear 231 while rotating, and the external water source is conveyed to the nozzles 242, the three first gear rings 232 drag the sliding chamber 14 to rotate, so that centrifugal force is provided for the water spraying process, the spraying distance of the water flow is further, and the efficiency is higher.
In another embodiment, the opening direction of the nozzle 242 is 30 ° from the plane of the first ring gear 232. The opening direction of this design can make the in-process of spraying have the spraying angle of ideal, and the waste of less spraying water improves the efficiency of water spray dust fall.
While the embodiments of the invention have been described above, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown, or described, but rather to cover all modifications, which would come within the scope of the appended claims, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the art are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

Claims (2)

1. A ventilation mechanism for the interior of a tunnel, comprising:
the ventilation pipe, its one end is located the tunnel outside is equipped with the fan, the other end stretches into inside the tunnel, include in the ventilation pipe:
power assembly, it sets up the ventilation pipe stretches into the port of the inside one end in tunnel, power assembly includes sleeve pipe, four spinal branch poles, intake antrum, slip chamber, connecting pipe, four flabellums, the sleeve pipe with the coaxial setting of ventilation pipe, four spinal branch poles are all followed the radial setting of ventilation pipe, and the both ends rigid coupling respectively of a spinal branch pole the inner wall of ventilation pipe with sheathed tube lateral wall, four spinal branch poles about sheathed tube axis central symmetry, the intake antrum with the slip chamber is inside hollow annular barrel, the intake antrum cover is established the sleeve pipe is close to the ventilation pipe stretches into the port of the inside one end in tunnel, the inlet opening is seted up to the terminal surface of intake antrum, the lateral wall of intake antrum is equipped with the first annular through-hole that sets up along circumference, the slip chamber is rotationally established on the intake antrum, the inside wall of slip chamber is equipped with the second annular through-hole relative with first annular through-hole and follows The edge of the annular through hole is provided with two clamping pieces, each clamping piece penetrates through the first annular through hole and then extends into the water inlet cavity to be connected with a plurality of rubber sheets, one end of each rubber sheet is fixedly connected with the clamping piece where the rubber sheet is located, the other end of each rubber sheet is in sealing contact with the inner wall of the water inlet cavity, the end face of one end of the sliding cavity is provided with three water guide holes, the connecting pipe is coaxially arranged in the sleeve and is connected with the sleeve through a first bearing, after the connecting pipe extends out of the ventilating pipe, the four fan blades are simultaneously connected with the peripheral surface of the connecting pipe and are arranged opposite to the water inlet cavity, and the four fan blades are centrosymmetric about the axis of the;
the water spray assembly comprises a first water pipe, a third second water pipe, a planetary gear and a plurality of spray pipes, wherein one end of the first water pipe is connected with an external water source and the other end of the first water pipe is communicated with the water inlet hole, one end of the third second water pipe is simultaneously communicated with three water guide holes in the sliding cavity, the planetary gear is located at one end of the vent pipe, the planetary gear comprises a sun gear, a third first gear ring meshed with the sun gear and a second gear ring meshed with the three first gear ring, the sun gear is coaxially connected with the connecting pipe, the three first gear rings are hollow inside and communicated with the other end of the third second water pipe, the plurality of spray pipes are arranged on the inner side wall of the three first gear rings respectively, one spray pipe comprises a bent pipe and a nozzle, the inner side wall of the first gear ring where the bent pipe is attached to the bent pipe is arranged, one end of the bent pipe is communicated with the inner side wall of the first gear ring where the, The other end of the nozzle is communicated with the nozzle, and an opening of the nozzle is far away from the center of the first gear ring.
2. The ventilation mechanism for the interior of a tunnel according to claim 1, wherein an angle between the opening direction of the nozzle and a plane of the first ring gear on which the nozzle is located is 30 °.
CN201920750538.2U 2019-05-23 2019-05-23 Ventilation mechanism for tunnel interior Active CN210799016U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920750538.2U CN210799016U (en) 2019-05-23 2019-05-23 Ventilation mechanism for tunnel interior

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920750538.2U CN210799016U (en) 2019-05-23 2019-05-23 Ventilation mechanism for tunnel interior

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210799016U true CN210799016U (en) 2020-06-19

Family

ID=71241269

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920750538.2U Active CN210799016U (en) 2019-05-23 2019-05-23 Ventilation mechanism for tunnel interior

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210799016U (en)

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