CN210562723U - Heat-insulation external wall - Google Patents

Heat-insulation external wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210562723U
CN210562723U CN201921385868.2U CN201921385868U CN210562723U CN 210562723 U CN210562723 U CN 210562723U CN 201921385868 U CN201921385868 U CN 201921385868U CN 210562723 U CN210562723 U CN 210562723U
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
heat preservation
heat
exterior wall
waterproof
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CN201921385868.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢沂峥
许芳雪
罗荣茂
王欢欢
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Shenzhen Heyucheng Architectural Design Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Heyucheng Architectural Design Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a heat preservation outer wall includes brick basic unit, screed-coat, heat preservation, anti inoxidizing coating and water-fast putty layer of splitting from inside to outside in proper order, water-fast putty layer is provided with the heat preservation resin layer outward, still be provided with waterproof coating layer outward on the heat preservation resin layer. The utility model discloses has the effect that waterproof performance is good.

Description

Heat-insulation external wall
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building outer wall field, in particular to heat preservation outer wall.
Background
The insulation board commonly used at present is formed by welding web wires on a single-side net sheet, and inserting the web wires into a polystyrene foam board core. When in use, the connecting piece is anchored with the reinforced concrete outer wall of the house together and integrally cast, thereby playing a role in heat preservation. Because the structural defect of this heated board, in piling up, transportation and construction after factory production, its net piece and binder appear becoming flexible, distortion, deformation easily, influence engineering quality and heat preservation effect.
In view of this, chinese patent No. CN202644752U discloses a thermal insulation wallboard product. The three-dimensional space steel wire net frame is welded with a bidirectional inclined web wire A and a web wire B which are respectively welded with a net piece, a positioning steel wire and a back frame.
However, when the heat-insulating wallboard product disclosed by the technical scheme is used on an outer wall, the problem of water seepage is easily caused by outdoor weather and water drenching all the year round due to no waterproof structure, so that the outer surface of the wall body falls off, and the heat-insulating effect is influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a heat preservation outer wall has the effect that waterproof performance is good.
The above utility model discloses an above-mentioned utility model purpose can realize through following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a heat preservation outer wall, includes brick basic unit, screed-coat, heat preservation, anti inoxidizing coating and water proof putty layer from inside to outside in proper order, water proof putty layer is provided with the heat preservation resin layer outward, still be provided with waterproof coating layer outward the heat preservation resin layer.
By adopting the technical scheme, the leveling layer is paved on the brick base layer, so that the uneven area on the brick base layer can be leveled, the end surface is flat, and the subsequent heat-insulating layer can be paved; the heat-insulating layer can provide certain heat-insulating property; the crack-resistant protective layer can avoid the crack of the waterproof putty layer caused by the whole surface tension shrinkage and external force; the waterproof putty layer has better water resistance, so that the possibility of water seepage can be reduced, and the waterproof putty layer can be used as a decorative material for flattening the surface of a wall body; the heat-insulating resin material can further improve the heat-insulating property, and is a hard waterproof material after being dried, so that the structural strength and the waterproofness of the wall body can be enhanced; the waterproof coating layer can further provide waterproof performance.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the outer terminal surface of screed-coat is provided with a plurality of reference columns, the heat preservation is close to the terminal surface of screed-coat be provided with a plurality of with reference column complex locating hole, the heat preservation with the reference column is pegged graft fixedly.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when the installation heat preservation, can make earlier in the reference column of the outer terminal surface of screed-coat inserts the reference hole of inserting the heat preservation, can regard as on the one hand to fix the heat preservation at the outer terminal surface of screed-coat with the viscose after fixed convenient in advance, on the other hand also can strengthen the joint strength between heat preservation and the screed-coat.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the end face, facing the leveling layer, of the heat-insulating layer is coated with polyurethane paint.
By adopting the technical scheme, the polyurethane coating has waterproofness and heat insulating property, and the heat insulating property of a wall structure can be further improved.
The utility model discloses further set up to: and a corrugated paper composite board layer is arranged between the heat preservation layer and the anti-cracking protective layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the compound sheet layer of corrugated paper has that the quality is light, intensity is high, unchangeable syllable-dividing, thermal-insulated effectual characteristics to can strengthen the overall structure intensity of wall body, also can provide certain heat preservation effect and syllable-dividing effect simultaneously.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the outer terminal surface of heat preservation wears to be equipped with the crab-bolt, the crab-bolt passes heat preservation, screed-coat simultaneously, just crab-bolt one end is located the outer terminal surface other end of heat preservation and is fixed in the brick basal layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the crab-bolt that the outer terminal surface of heat preservation wore to establish can pass heat preservation, screed-coat and fix in the brick basement to this firmly fixes the heat preservation on the screed-coat, further prevents droing of heat preservation.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the crab-bolt is including being located the anchor bolt head of the outer terminal surface of heat preservation with fixed with brick basic unit's crab-bolt post, the compound sheet layer of corrugated paper orientation one side of heat preservation is seted up and is supplied the crab-bolt head to inlay the hole of establishing.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, establish the hole with the crab-bolt head alignment with inlaying on the composite board layer of corrugated paper, with the crab-bolt head embedding when the installation establish downthehole, on the one hand can regard as the preliminary fixation when the composite board layer of corrugated paper installation, coating viscose after convenient, on the other hand also can increase the joint strength between composite board layer of corrugated paper and the heat preservation.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the corrugated paper composite board layer is provided with a groove towards one side of the anti-cracking protective layer, and a PE polyethylene moisture-proof film is adhered in the groove.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the PE polyethylene dampproof membrane has certain waterproof nature, can provide waterproof nature for corrugated paper composite sheet layer with the PE polyethylene dampproof membrane bonding in the corrugated paper composite sheet layer to advance the waterproof nature that increases the wall body, prevent that water infiltration heat preservation in situ from causing heat preservation material's droing.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the outer end face of the anti-cracking protective layer is coated with anti-cracking mortar.
By adopting the technical scheme, the anti-cracking mortar can enhance the anti-cracking performance of the waterproof putty, thereby reducing the possibility of falling off of the waterproof putty.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the thickness of the heat-preservation resin layer is 1mm-3 mm.
By adopting the technical scheme, the heat-insulating resin can form a complete film layer after being coated.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a beneficial technological effect does:
1. the crack-resistant protective layer can avoid the crack of the waterproof putty layer caused by the whole surface tension shrinkage and external force; the waterproof putty layer has better water resistance, so that the possibility of water seepage can be reduced, and the waterproof putty layer can be used as a decorative material for flattening the surface of a wall body;
2. the heat-insulating resin material can further improve the heat-insulating property, and is a hard waterproof material after being dried, so that the structural strength and the waterproofness of the wall body can be enhanced; the waterproof coating layer can further provide waterproof performance;
3. the PE polyethylene moisture-proof film has certain waterproofness, and the PE polyethylene moisture-proof film is bonded in the corrugated paper composite board layer to provide waterproofness for the corrugated paper composite board layer, so that the waterproofness of the wall body is improved, and the heat-insulating material is prevented from falling off due to the fact that water permeates into the heat-insulating layer.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a brick base layer; 2. leveling layer; 3. a heat-insulating layer; 4. a corrugated paper composite board layer; 5. an anti-cracking protective layer; 6. a water and grease resistant layer; 7. a heat-insulating resin layer; 8. a waterproof coating layer; 9. a positioning column; 10. positioning holes; 11. a polyurethane coating; 12. an anchor bolt; 13. a groove; 14. a PE polyethylene moisture barrier film; 17. embedding holes; 18. and (4) crack-resistant mucilage.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
A heat-insulating wall body comprises a brick base layer 1, a leveling layer 2, a heat-insulating layer 3, a corrugated paper composite board layer 4, an anti-cracking protective layer 5, a waterproof putty layer 6, a heat-insulating resin layer 7 and a waterproof coating layer 8 from inside to outside in sequence, wherein the end face of the outer 5 of the anti-cracking protective layer is coated with anti-cracking mortar 18. Wherein the brick base layer is made of a brick structure; the leveling layer 2 is formed by leveling and paving cement mortar in a ratio of 1: 3; the heat-insulating layer 3 is composed of an XPS extruded heat-insulating plate and is purchased from Dongguan Shuyu heat-insulating material Co.Ltd; the corrugated paper composite board layer 4 is composed of corrugated paper composite boards and is purchased by Ningbo Xuyang board science and technology Limited; the anti-cracking protective layer 5 is composed of alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh cloth and is purchased by Kjeldahl glass fiber products Co.Ltd; the waterproof putty layer 6 consists of exterior wall waterproof putty powder putty, and is purchased from Yabaoli building materials Co., Ltd; the heat-insulating resin layer 7 is made of water-based hollow nano heat-insulating resin provided by the patent document of Chinese patent No. CN103450390B, and the thickness is 1mm-3 mm; the waterproof coating layer 8 is formed by mixing sepiolite, diatomite and other materials and is purchased from Qingdao Wutai insulation material Co.
An XPS extruded sheet is a rigid foam sheet produced by mixing a polystyrene resin as a raw material with other raw and auxiliary materials and a polymer under heating and injecting a catalyst, and then extruding and molding the mixture. The XPS plate has a perfect closed-cell honeycomb structure, and the structure enables the XPS plate to have extremely low water absorption, so that the XPS plate can provide certain waterproof performance while ensuring the heat preservation effect; the alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh fabric is prepared by taking a glass fiber woven fabric as a base material and soaking a coating layer by using a high-molecular emulsion-resistant agent. Therefore, the waterproof putty layer 6 has good alkali resistance, flexibility and high tensile resistance in the warp and weft directions, and can avoid cracking caused by the shrinkage of the whole surface tension and external force; the waterproof putty layer 6 has better water resistance, so that the possibility of water seepage can be reduced, and the waterproof putty layer can be used as a decorative material for flattening the surface of a wall body; the heat-insulating resin material is selected from water-based hollow nano heat-insulating resin, so that the heat-insulating property can be further improved, and the dried heat-insulating resin material is a hard waterproof material, so that the structural strength and the waterproofness of the wall body can be enhanced; the waterproof coating layer 8 can further provide waterproof performance.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, a plurality of positioning columns 9 are embedded in the outer end face of the leveling layer 2, a plurality of positioning holes 10 matched with the positioning columns 9 are formed in one end, close to the leveling layer 2, of the heat insulation layer 3, and the heat insulation layer 3 is fixedly inserted into the positioning columns 9. The outer terminal surface coating of heat preservation 3 has polyurethane coating 11, and the coating of polyurethane has waterproof nature and heat insulating ability, can further promote wall structure's thermal insulation performance. The outer terminal surface of heat preservation 3 wears to be equipped with crab-bolt 12, and the one end of crab-bolt 12 is pegged graft in changeing basic unit 1, the other end is pegged graft in corrugated paper composite sheet layer 4, and the heat preservation 3 and screed-coat 2 are worn to establish simultaneously by crab-bolt 12.
An embedding hole 17 for embedding the anchor bolt head 16 is formed in one side, facing the heat insulation layer 3, of the corrugated paper composite board layer 4. The 4 layers of corrugated paper composite board layer are provided with groove 13, and the bonding has PE polyethylene dampproof membrane 14 in groove 13, and PE polyethylene dampproof membrane 14 has certain waterproof nature, bonds PE polyethylene dampproof membrane 14 and can provide waterproof nature for corrugated paper composite board layer 4 in corrugated paper composite board layer 4 to advance the waterproof nature that increases the wall body, prevent in water infiltration heat preservation 3, cause heat preservation material's the droing.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: firstly, coating cement mortar in a ratio of 1:3 on a brick base layer 1 for leveling to form a leveling layer 2, and embedding a positioning column 9 in the leveling layer 2; further coating a polyurethane coating 11 on the end face, facing the leveling layer, of the heat insulation layer 3; further coating an adhesive on the end face, facing the leveling layer, of the heat insulation layer 3, aligning the positioning hole 10 in the heat insulation layer 3 with the positioning column 9, and fixing the heat insulation layer 3 on the leveling layer 2; further pass heated board, screed-coat 2 with crab-bolt 12 to fixed in brick base layer 1, and then strengthen the joint strength of heat preservation 3. The embedding hole 17 of the corrugated paper composite board layer 4 can be aligned with the anchor bolt head 16, the anchor bolt head 16 is embedded into the embedding hole 17 when the corrugated paper composite board layer 4 is installed, the embedding hole 17 is used as a pre-fixing part when the corrugated paper composite board layer 4 is installed, and then the PE polyethylene moisture-proof film 14 is adhered into the groove 13 of the corrugated paper composite board layer 4 to further enhance the waterproofness. Further, an anti-cracking protective layer 5 composed of alkali-resistant fiberglass mesh cloth is bonded to the outer end face of the corrugated paper composite board layer 4, and anti-cracking mortar 18 is coated on the outer end face of the anti-cracking protective layer 5. Further, a waterproof putty layer 6 is laid on the flat anti-cracking mortar 18, and a water-based hollow nano heat insulation resin layer 7 and a waterproof coating layer 8 are coated on the outer end face of the waterproof putty layer 6.
The embodiment of this specific implementation mode is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limit according to this the utility model discloses a protection scope, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the utility model are covered within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. A heat preservation outer wall which is characterized in that: the anti-cracking brick comprises a brick base layer (1), a leveling layer (2), a heat preservation layer (3), an anti-cracking protective layer (5) and a waterproof putty layer (6) from inside to outside in sequence, wherein a heat preservation resin layer (7) is arranged outside the waterproof putty layer (6), and a waterproof coating layer (8) is further arranged outside the heat preservation resin layer (7).
2. The insulated exterior wall of claim 1, wherein: the outer terminal surface of screed-coat (2) is provided with a plurality of reference columns (9), heat preservation (3) are close to the terminal surface of screed-coat (2) be provided with a plurality of with reference column (9) complex locating hole (10), heat preservation (3) with reference column (9) are pegged graft fixedly.
3. The insulated exterior wall of claim 2, wherein: the end face, facing the leveling layer (2), of the heat-insulating layer (3) is coated with a polyurethane coating (11).
4. The insulated exterior wall of claim 3, wherein: a corrugated paper composite board layer (4) is arranged between the heat preservation layer (3) and the anti-cracking protective layer (5).
5. The insulated exterior wall of claim 4, wherein: outer terminal surface of heat preservation (3) wears to be equipped with crab-bolt (12), heat preservation (3) and screed-coat (2) are worn to establish simultaneously in crab-bolt (12), and plug and connect and be fixed in brick basic unit (1).
6. The insulated exterior wall of claim 5, wherein: crab-bolt (12) including being located the anchor of the outer terminal surface of heat preservation (3) is tied head (16), one end with anchor is tied head (16) and is connected, and the other end is pegged graft and is fixed in the crab-bolt post (15) of brick basic unit (1), corrugated paper composite sheet layer (4) orientation one side of heat preservation (3) is seted up and is supplied inlaying of anchor tie head (16) embedding to establish hole (17).
7. The insulated exterior wall of claim 6, wherein: corrugated paper composite sheet layer (4) orientation one side of anti-crack inoxidizing coating (5) is provided with recess (13), the adhesion has PE polyethylene dampproof membrane (14) in recess (13).
8. The insulated exterior wall of claim 7, wherein: the outer end face of the anti-cracking protective layer (5) is coated with anti-cracking mucilage (18).
9. The insulated exterior wall of claim 8, wherein: the thickness of the heat-insulating resin layer (7) is 1mm-3 mm.
CN201921385868.2U 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 Heat-insulation external wall Active CN210562723U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921385868.2U CN210562723U (en) 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 Heat-insulation external wall

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921385868.2U CN210562723U (en) 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 Heat-insulation external wall

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210562723U true CN210562723U (en) 2020-05-19

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CN201921385868.2U Active CN210562723U (en) 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 Heat-insulation external wall

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112049349A (en) * 2020-09-15 2020-12-08 苏州晨光建设集团有限公司 External wall heat preservation system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112049349A (en) * 2020-09-15 2020-12-08 苏州晨光建设集团有限公司 External wall heat preservation system
CN112049349B (en) * 2020-09-15 2022-04-05 苏州晨光建设集团有限公司 External wall heat preservation system

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