CN210502677U - Special flatcar body for railway container and container transportation system - Google Patents

Special flatcar body for railway container and container transportation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210502677U
CN210502677U CN201921520828.4U CN201921520828U CN210502677U CN 210502677 U CN210502677 U CN 210502677U CN 201921520828 U CN201921520828 U CN 201921520828U CN 210502677 U CN210502677 U CN 210502677U
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China
Prior art keywords
beams
container
special
flatcar
railway
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杨淼
吕倩
王军松
付占起
张倍
柳宁
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CRRC Qiqihar Rolling Stock Co Ltd
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CRRC Qiqihar Rolling Stock Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container and container transportation system, include: the two end beams are arranged at intervals and in parallel; the two side beams are arranged in parallel at intervals, the end parts of the side beams are connected with the end parts of the end beams, and the two end beams and the two side beams form a rectangular frame structure; the traction beams comprise a middle beam and two connecting beams, the head of the middle beam is connected with the middle of the end beam, the tail of the middle beam is connected with the first ends of the two connecting beams, the middle beam and the two connecting beams form a herringbone structure, and the second ends of the two connecting beams are respectively connected to the two side beams; the two ends of the cross beams are respectively connected to the two side beams; the locking device bearing seats are detachably mounted on the side beams. The utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container and container transportation system can realize multiple different container loading operating mode, and the comprehensive transportation benefit is good.

Description

Special flatcar body for railway container and container transportation system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a railway vehicle technical field especially relates to a special flatcar automobile body of railway container and container transportation system.
Background
Container transportation means that the medium-sized and large-sized containers such as containers are used as carriers, and cargos are assembled into a containerization unit so as to carry out loading, unloading and carrying operations and finish transportation tasks by using large-sized loading and unloading machines and large-sized carrying vehicles in the modern circulation field, thereby better realizing a novel, efficient and beneficial transportation mode for transporting cargos from door to door. Container transportation is an advanced transportation mode, has the advantages of high transportation efficiency, low transportation cost, convenient intermodal transportation, less cargo loss, door-to-door and the like, is a main mode of modern logistics and multi-mode intermodal transportation, and is widely adopted by countries all over the world.
Most of the existing flatcar bodies special for railway containers adopt a middle beam bearing structure without side beams, and the weight of the flatcar bodies is concentrated in the middle of the flatcar bodies.
The special railway container vehicle adopting the middle beam bearing structure has small rotational inertia, weak torsional resistance and poor vehicle dynamic performance.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container and container transportation system adopts curb girder bearing structure, improves vehicle dynamics performance.
The utility model discloses an aspect provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container, include:
the two end beams are arranged at intervals and in parallel;
the two side beams are arranged in parallel at intervals, the end parts of the side beams are connected with the end parts of the end beams, and the two end beams and the two side beams form a rectangular frame structure; the side beam is of a variable cross-section fish-belly structure, and the height of the middle part of the side beam is greater than that of the end part of the side beam;
the traction beams comprise a middle beam and two connecting beams, the head of the middle beam is connected with the middle of the end beam, the tail of the middle beam is connected with the first ends of the two connecting beams, the middle beam and the two connecting beams form a herringbone structure, and the second ends of the two connecting beams are respectively connected to the two side beams;
the two ends of the cross beams are respectively connected to the two side beams;
the locking device bearing seats are detachably arranged on the side beams;
and the container locking devices are respectively arranged on the end part of the beam and the locking device bearing seat.
Further, the locking device carrier is located between the cross beams and flush with the position of the cross beams on the side beams.
Further, the locking device bearing seat is a cantilever beam.
Furthermore, the container locking device is arranged at two ends of the beam and on the locking device bearing seat.
Furthermore, the side beam comprises an upper cover plate and a lower cover plate which are arranged in parallel and oppositely, and a web plate connected between the upper cover plate and the lower cover plate, the plane where the web plate is located is a vertical plane, and two ends of the web plate are respectively connected to the middle parts of the upper cover plate and the lower cover plate.
Furthermore, a plurality of operation holes are further formed in the web, and the positions of the operation holes correspond to the positions of the container locking devices at the ends of the cross beams.
Furthermore, a supporting beam is arranged on the inner side of the web plate and is of a truss structure, and two ends of the supporting beam are respectively connected to the upper cover plate and the lower cover plate.
Further, the support beam is cold-bending channel steel.
Furthermore, the four-sleeper beam is arranged between the center beam and the side beams, and two ends of the sleeper beam are respectively connected with the center beam and the side beams.
Furthermore, the beam comprises a single-locking beam and a double-locking beam, one container locking device is installed at one end of the single-locking beam, and two container locking devices are installed at one end of the double-locking beam.
The utility model discloses another aspect provides a container transportation system, including a plurality of containers and as above the special flatcar automobile body of railway container, the container is fixed flatcar automobile body top.
The embodiment of the utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container and container transportation system adopts the curb girder bearing structure, does not have the centre sill, improves the inertia of automobile body, makes the dynamics performance of automobile body good, has improved the operation quality; the side beam bearing structure adopts a variable cross-section fish-belly structure, the cross section of the middle part is high, and the cross section of the end part is low, so that the design can improve the vertical rigidity of a vehicle body, reduce the self weight of the vehicle, increase the load and improve the economic benefit of vehicle transportation; the middle beam and the side beams of the vehicle body are connected through the sleeper beam and the herringbone connecting beam, so that the longitudinal force transmission path of the vehicle body is more reasonable; the vehicle body adopts a large side beam structure, so that the torsion resistance of the vehicle body is strong; the middle part of the vehicle body is only provided with the cross beam and is not provided with other longitudinal beams, and the vehicle braking system has large assembly space and good manufacturability. The embodiment of the utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container is 80 feet flatcar automobile body, bears the seat through increase or reduction locking device on the curb girder, can realize that multiple different containers load the operating mode, and the comprehensive transportation is profitable.
Drawings
In order to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention or the prior art more clearly, the drawings needed for the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without inventive labor.
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a railway container special flatcar structure in the prior art;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a railway container flatcar configuration according to a second prior art;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a flatcar body special for a railway container, provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic front view of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a top view of FIG. 3;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a draft sill of a railway container special flatcar body provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a side beam of a railway container flatcar body according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a transverse cross-sectional view of the middle part of the side beam of the railway container special flatcar body provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the railway container special flatcar body provided by the embodiment of the present invention after a locking device bearing seat is installed;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a locking device bearing seat of a flatcar body special for a railway container provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is the embodiment of the utility model provides a multiple container loading operating mode schematic diagram of special flatcar automobile body of railway container.
Reference numerals:
11-side beam;
111-upper cover plate;
112-a web;
113-a lower cover plate;
114-a support beam;
115-an operation hole;
116-a locking device carrier;
1161-upper cover plate of bearing seat;
1162-a lower cover plate of the bearing seat;
1163-carrier web;
1164-rib plate;
1165-a support plate;
121-single lock beam;
122-double lock beam;
13-container locking means;
21-end beam;
22-a trailing beam;
221-center sill;
222-a connecting beam;
23-a sleeper beam;
31-40 foot containers;
32-20 foot containers;
33-45 foot containers;
51-end beam;
52-bolster;
53-centre sill;
54-large beam;
61-end beam;
62-a sleeper beam;
63-centre sill;
64-large beam;
65-side beam.
Detailed Description
To make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the drawings of the present invention are combined to clearly and completely describe the technical solutions of the present invention, and obviously, the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Container transportation means that the medium-sized and large-sized containers such as containers are used as carriers, and cargos are assembled into a containerization unit so as to carry out loading, unloading and carrying operations and finish transportation tasks by using large-sized loading and unloading machines and large-sized carrying vehicles in the modern circulation field, thereby better realizing a novel, efficient and beneficial transportation mode for transporting cargos from door to door. The container transportation has the advantages of high transportation efficiency, low transportation cost, convenient intermodal transportation, less cargo loss, door-to-door and the like, is a main mode of modern logistics and multi-mode intermodal transportation, and is widely adopted by all countries in the world.
Railway container vehicles are vehicles designed and manufactured specifically for the transportation of national and international standard containers. In the early stage of container transportation development, because of the small number of containers and the large number of types, the conventional transportation vehicles can be generally used for completing transportation tasks. With the rapid development of container transportation in the world, the large-scale and standardization of box types, the traditional vehicles can not meet the requirements of container transportation in the aspects of structure and performance, and special vehicles for containers have to be developed. At present, railways of all countries in the world develop a novel special container vehicle suitable for domestic and international intermodal transportation according to respective characteristics and requirements, and the novel special container vehicle is focused on the aspects of reducing energy consumption, improving speed, simplifying structure, lengthening vehicle body and the like. According to the length of the bottom plate of the special railway container vehicle, the special railway container vehicle can be divided into a special 40-foot container vehicle, a special 60-foot container vehicle and a special 80-foot container vehicle, and other special container vehicles with other lengths, wherein the special 40-foot container vehicle is provided with two TEU (terminal equipment unit) seats and can be used for loading 1 40-foot container or 2 20-foot containers; the 60-foot container special vehicle is provided with 3 TEU positions and can load 1 40-foot container and 1 20-foot container or 3 20-foot containers; the 80 foot container special vehicle has 4 TEU positions and is suitable for loading 2 40 foot containers. At present, 40-foot container special vehicles and 60-foot container special vehicles are mainly adopted in China, 80-foot container special vehicles are few, large-size containers of 40 feet or more are more and more along with rapid development of economy, only 1 container can be transported by using the 40-foot or 60-foot container special vehicles, and transport energy is seriously wasted. On the other hand, the existing special container vehicle mainly adopts a middle beam bearing structure, the weight of the vehicle body is concentrated in the middle of the vehicle body, the rotational inertia is small, the torsional resistance is weak, and the vehicle dynamic performance is poor.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a flatcar dedicated to a railway container in the first prior art, and as shown in fig. 1, the flatcar dedicated to a railway container in the first prior art mainly comprises end beams 51, sleeper beams 52, a middle beam 53, large cross beams 54 and the like, and specifically comprises a middle beam 53, two traction beams, two central large cross beams 54, two end beams 51, four sleeper beams 52 and four large cross beams 54, wherein the middle beam 53 is a middle beam upper cover plate, two middle beam webs and a middle beam lower cover plate are assembled and welded, and the middle beam is a variable cross-section fish-bellied box type structure in which the distance between the middle beam webs gradually decreases from the middle to the two ends. The flatcar body special for the railway container is not provided with side beams, and adopts a middle beam bearing structure, so that the weight of the flatcar body is concentrated in the middle of the flatcar body, and the flatcar body is small in rotational inertia, weak in torque resistance and poor in dynamic performance; the centre sill 33 is a fish-bellied box structure formed by assembly welding, and due to structural limitation, the section width and height of the centre sill cannot be too large, when a vehicle body is subjected to a large vertical load, the vertical deformation is large, the vehicle body rigidity is small, and in order to reduce the vertical deformation of the vehicle body and increase the vehicle body rigidity, the thickness of each part plate of the centre sill must be increased, so that the self weight of the vehicle body is increased, and the load of the vehicle body is low.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a flatcar dedicated to a railway container in a second prior art, and as shown in fig. 2, the flatcar dedicated to the railway container in the second prior art mainly comprises components such as an end beam 61, a sleeper beam 62, a middle beam 63, a large cross beam 64, a side beam 65 and the like, and a flatcar body of the flatcar dedicated to the railway container in the second prior art adopts a common bearing structure of the middle beam and the side beam, so that although the torsion resistance of the flatcar body is improved compared with the technical scheme in the first prior art, the weight of the flatcar body is mainly concentrated in the middle of the flatcar body, and the dynamic performance of; the special flatcar body for the railway container is still of a fish belly box type structure formed by assembly welding, the side beams are mostly cold-bending groove type beams, due to structural limitation, the width and the height of the section of the middle beam cannot be too large and are limited by the self weight of a vehicle, the section of the side beams cannot be too large, when the vehicle is subjected to larger vertical load, the rigidity of the car body cannot meet the requirements of relevant standards, in order to reduce the vertical deformation of the vehicle and increase the rigidity of the car body, the self weight of the car body is increased by increasing the thickness of each part plate of the middle beam, and the load of the vehicle is low; the arrangement space of the braking system is small due to the structural limitation of the middle beam and the side beam, so that the process assembly is difficult; the vehicle body bearing structure is a large-middle beam structure and a small-side beam structure, and the torsional rigidity of the vehicle is weaker.
Based on the above disadvantages of the prior art, the utility model provides a novel flatcar body special for railway containers, which is a 80-foot container body, and adopts a side beam bearing structure to distribute the weight of the flatcar body on two sides of the flatcar body, thereby improving the rotational inertia and the dynamic performance of the flatcar body and improving the fatigue reliability of the bearing part; the side beam adopts a variable cross-section fish belly type structure, and the inner side of the side beam is provided with a truss type supporting beam, so that the rigidity of the vehicle body can be improved to the maximum extent; the side beam is provided with the detachable locking device bearing seat, and the locking device bearing seats are increased or decreased at corresponding positions according to different loading working conditions, so that different loading working conditions are realized, and the comprehensive transportation benefit is improved to the greatest extent.
It should be noted that in the utility model, the running direction of the special flatcar for the railway container is vertical, the direction vertical to the vertical direction in the horizontal plane is horizontal, and the direction vertical to the horizontal plane is vertical.
The invention is described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with specific embodiments.
Example one
Fig. 3 is the embodiment of the utility model provides a structural schematic diagram of special flatcar automobile body of railway container, fig. 4 and fig. 5 are respectively the main view schematic diagram and the overlooking schematic diagram of fig. 3, refer to fig. 3-5 and show, the embodiment of the utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container is symmetrical structure and bilateral symmetry structure around longitudinal centerline and horizontal centerline is equal symmetry. The embodiment of the utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container includes two curb girders 11, both ends roof beam 21, and both sides roof beam 11 is longitudinal structure, and both ends roof beam 21 is horizontal structure, 11 intervals of two curb girders and parallel arrangement, 21 intervals of two end roof beams and parallel arrangement, and be located the both ends of curb girder 11 respectively, and end roof beam 21 is located between two curb girders 11, the both ends of end roof beam 21 respectively with the end-to-end connection of both sides roof beam 11, both sides roof beam 11 and both ends roof beam 21 constitute a rectangular frame structure. This rectangular frame structure is promptly the utility model provides a peripheral structure of special flatcar automobile body of railway container, special flatcar automobile body of railway container have the crossbeam that a plurality of longitudinal separation set up, and the crossbeam is transverse structure, and the both ends of crossbeam are connected with both sides roof beam 11 respectively, and the crossbeam includes single lock crossbeam 121 and double lock crossbeam 122.
Specifically, the embodiment of the utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container includes five crossbeams, is two single lock crossbeams 121 and three double-lock crossbeam 122 respectively, and one of them double-lock crossbeam 122 is located the middle part of the special flatcar automobile body of railway container, and the both sides of this middle part double-lock crossbeam have set gradually a single lock crossbeam 121 and double-lock crossbeam 122.
The embodiment of the utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container still includes two draw beams 22, and two draw beams 22 are located the automobile body both ends respectively, and draw beam 22 is herringbone structure, and its head is connected with the middle part of end beam 21, and two bracing of its afterbody are connected with both sides roof beam 11 respectively.
In the prior technical scheme, two diagonal braces of the herringbone traction beam are directly connected with a cross beam, so that the transmission of the longitudinal force of a vehicle needs to be transmitted to a side beam through the cross beam, and because the connecting positions of the two diagonal braces and the cross beam and the connecting positions of the cross beam and the side beam have certain distance, a web plate of the cross beam bears the vertical load directly acting on a container and also bears the load generated by bending moment caused by the longitudinal force, a welding line is under the action of alternating load, and the fatigue reliability is low. Therefore, in the present embodiment, the two braces of the draft sill 22 are directly connected to the side sills 11, the longitudinal force is directly transmitted to the side sills 11, and the cross member does not bear the vertical load transmitted by the draft sill, so that the vehicle body connection is reliable and the weld fatigue reliability is high.
Fig. 6 is the utility model provides a draw beam's of special flatcar automobile body of railway container structure schematic diagram, refer to fig. 6 and show, because draw beam 22 afterbody is the chevron shape, when carrying out the equipment of automobile body, the manufacturability is poor, and the equipment is difficult, for the convenience of equipment, the utility model provides a two bracing of draw beam 22 and draw beam 22's major structure separately set up in the special flatcar automobile body of railway container, specifically, draw beam 22 includes well roof beam 221 and two tie-beams 222, and the head of well roof beam 221 is connected with the middle part of end beam 21, and the afterbody of well roof beam 221 has two slant link ends, and the first end of two tie-beams 222 is connected with two slant link ends respectively, and the second end of two tie-beams 222 is connected with both sides roof beam 11 respectively.
Preferably, the embodiment of the utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container still includes four corbels 23, and the automobile body both ends respectively have two, and corbel 23 is located between draft sill 22 and the curb girder 11 for connect draft sill 22 and curb girder 11, specifically, still has two transverse connection end on the well roof beam 221 of draft sill 22, and corbel 23 one end is connected with curb girder 11, and the other end then is connected with one of two transverse connection end on the well roof beam 221.
Fig. 7 is the utility model provides a structural schematic diagram of the curb girder of special flatcar automobile body of railway container, fig. 8 is the utility model discloses the transverse section at curb girder middle part of the special flatcar automobile body of railway container who provides, it is shown with fig. 7 and fig. 8 to refer to, curb girder 11 includes upper cover plate 111, web 112 and lower apron 113, curb girder 111 is all steel welded structure, become variable cross section fish belly by upper cover plate 111, web 112 and the 113 group weldings of lower apron, the web height at curb girder middle part will be greater than the web height at curb girder both ends, and have smooth transition district to both ends by the middle part. Because the side beam 11 adopts the assembly welding structure, the height of the transverse section of the side beam 11 can be adjusted according to the length and the load of the vehicle in actual working conditions, so that the mass of the side beam is reduced to the maximum extent under the condition that the vertical rigidity of the vehicle meets the regulation of relevant standards, and the mass of the vehicle beam is reduced.
In order to further enhance the vertical rigidity of the side member 11, a support beam 114 is further provided on the inner side of the side member 11, and the support beam 114 is a truss structure. The truss type support beams 114 are cold-formed channel steel, which not only can improve the vertical bearing capacity of the side beams 11, but also can improve the buckling resistance of the web plates 112.
The height of a side beam of the existing railway container special flat car body is usually very small and is not greatly different from that of a cross beam, and the height of the side beam is almost flush with that of the cross beam in the vertical direction. The special flatcar automobile body of railway container that this embodiment provided is high curb girder automobile body, and the height of curb girder 11 is greater than the height of crossbeam, and in vertical, curb girder 11 surpasss the crossbeam a lot.
Further, the embodiment of the utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container still includes a plurality of container locking device 13, and container locking device 13 sets up at the both ends of crossbeam, and specifically, each end of single lock crossbeam 121 is provided with a container locking device 13, and each end of two lock crossbeams 122 is provided with two container locking devices 13.
Furthermore, a series of operation holes 115 are further formed in the web plate 112 of the side beam 11, the operation holes 115 are oblong, the positions of the operation holes 115 on the web plate correspond to the positions of the container locking devices 13 on the cross beam, and workers can observe and operate the container locking devices 13 on the cross beam through the operation holes 115, so that the observation and the operation of the container locking devices 13 are more convenient.
Fig. 9 is the embodiment of the utility model provides a structural schematic behind the special flatcar automobile body installation locking device of railway container bears the seat, refer to fig. 9 and show, because the utility model provides a curb girder 11 of the special flatcar automobile body of railway container adopts variable cross section fish belly type structure, and the curb girder transverse section height at automobile body middle part is higher, consequently bears vertical load-carrying capacity stronger, for further promoting the conveying efficiency of container, the utility model provides a still be provided with locking device on the curb girder 11 of the special flatcar automobile body of railway container bears seat 116, and per two container locking device 116 are a pair of, install respectively the corresponding position on two curb girders 11, and locking device bears and also is provided with container locking device 13 on the seat 116. The locking device carrier 116 is mounted between the cross beams at a location flush with the cross beams on the side beams. Preferably, the locking device bearing seat 116 is detachably mounted on the two side beams 11, the locking device bearing seat 116 and the container locking device 13 can be increased or decreased at corresponding positions according to different loading conditions, transportation under various container conditions is achieved, and comprehensive transportation benefits are good.
Fig. 10 is a sectional view taken along the line a-a of fig. 9, and referring to fig. 10, the locking device bearing seat 116 is a cantilever structure and is symmetrically disposed on the two side beams 11 along the longitudinal center line of the vehicle body, the locking device bearing seat 116 includes a bearing seat upper cover plate 1161, a bearing seat lower cover plate 1162, a bearing seat web 1163, and a rib plate 1164, the bearing seat web 1163 is connected between the bearing seat upper cover plate 1162 and the bearing seat lower cover plate 1163, and the rib plate 1164 is disposed below the bearing seat lower cover plate 1163 to increase the strength. A plurality of supporting plates 1165 are further disposed between the upper cover plate 1161 and the lower cover plate 1162, and two ends of the supporting plates 1165 are respectively connected to the upper cover plate 1161 and the lower cover plate 1162, so as to further increase the strength of the locking device bearing seat 116. The container locking device 13 is mounted on the upper cover 1161 of the load bearing base. The locking device bearing seat 116 can be temporarily increased according to the requirement of a vehicle for loading a special container, and the problem that when the vehicle loads containers with the length size of more than 40 feet, such as 45 feet containers, 48 feet containers, 50 feet containers and 53 feet containers, the containers must be placed in the middle of the vehicle, so that containers with other sizes cannot be placed is solved. By adding the locking device bearing seat 116 and the container locking device 13, 45-foot containers, 48-foot containers, 50-foot containers and 53-foot containers with the length dimension exceeding 40 feet can be placed at the end part of the vehicle, and the other end can still be loaded with 20-foot containers, so that the vehicle packing working condition is enriched, and the vehicle transportation benefit is improved.
The special flatcar body for the railway container provided by the embodiment of the utility model adopts the side beam bearing structure without the middle beam, thereby improving the rotational inertia of the body, ensuring good dynamic performance of the body and improving the operation quality; the side beam bearing structure adopts a variable cross-section fish-belly structure, the cross section of the middle part is high, and the cross section of the end part is low, so that the design can improve the vertical rigidity of a vehicle body, reduce the self weight of the vehicle, increase the load and improve the economic benefit of vehicle transportation; the middle beam and the side beams of the vehicle body are connected through the sleeper beam and the herringbone connecting beam, so that the longitudinal force transmission path of the vehicle body is more reasonable; the vehicle body adopts a large side beam structure, so that the torsion resistance of the vehicle body is strong; the middle part of the vehicle body is only provided with the cross beam and is not provided with other longitudinal beams, and the vehicle braking system has large assembly space and good manufacturability. The embodiment of the utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container is 80 feet flatcar automobile body, bears the seat through increase or reduction locking device on the curb girder, can realize that multiple different containers load the operating mode, and the comprehensive transportation is profitable.
Example two
The embodiment of the utility model provides a container transportation system, including the special flatcar automobile body of railway container in a plurality of containers and embodiment one, the top at the flatcar automobile body is fixed to the container. The container transportation system of this embodiment can load containers of different sizes as needed to achieve maximum transportation efficiency. Several different transport conditions will be described in detail below.
Fig. 11 is the embodiment of the utility model provides a multiple container loading operating mode schematic diagram of special flatcar automobile body of railway container, it is shown with reference to fig. 11, and special flatcar automobile body length of railway container in this embodiment is 80 feet, shows the container loading operating mode of six kinds of differences altogether in fig. 11, from up being in proper order down: under the first working condition, two 40-foot containers 31 are loaded; working condition two, loading one 40-foot container 31 and two 20-foot containers 32; working condition three, loading a 45-foot container 33 and a 20-foot container 32; working condition four, four 20 feet containers 32 are loaded; working condition five, three 20 feet containers 32 are loaded; in condition six, a 40 foot container 31 is loaded. When a container in a certain working condition cannot be locked by using the locking devices on the cross beam, a pair of locking device bearing seats 116 needs to be added at corresponding positions, and the container locking device 13 needs to be installed on the locking device bearing seats, for example, a 45-foot container 33 and a 20-foot container 32 need to be loaded on a vehicle body in a third working condition, the 45-foot container 33 and the 20-foot container are respectively located at two ends of the vehicle body, but the cross beam and the container locking device 13 do not exist at positions located inside the 45-foot container, so that a pair of locking device bearing seats 116 needs to be added on the side beam 11 at corresponding positions, and the container locking device 13 needs to be installed on the side beam, and thus transportation in the third working condition can be realized. It should be noted that although fig. 11 illustrates six different loading conditions, the loading conditions that can be realized by the present embodiment are not limited to these six loading conditions, and in the actual conditions, the locking device bearing seats 116 can be increased or decreased on the side beams 11 according to actual requirements, so as to realize various container loading conditions.
The embodiment of the utility model provides a container transportation system adopts the special flatcar automobile body of railway container in the embodiment one, bears the seat through increase or reduction locking device on the curb girder, can realize that multiple different containers load the operating mode, and the comprehensive transportation is profitable.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "length", "width", "thickness", "top", "bottom", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", "axial", "circumferential", and the like, which are used to indicate the orientation or positional relationship, are based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of the description, and do not indicate or imply that the position or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be of particular construction and operation, and therefore should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; may be mechanically coupled, may be electrically coupled or may be in communication with each other; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, such as through internal communication or through an interaction between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
In the present disclosure, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may comprise direct contact between the first and second features, or may comprise contact between the first and second features not directly. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a special flatcar automobile body of railway container which characterized in that includes:
the two end beams are arranged at intervals and in parallel;
the two side beams are arranged in parallel at intervals, the end parts of the side beams are connected with the end parts of the end beams, and the two end beams and the two side beams form a rectangular frame structure; the side beam is of a variable cross-section fish-belly structure, and the height of the middle part of the side beam is greater than that of the end part of the side beam;
the traction beams comprise a middle beam and two connecting beams, the head of the middle beam is connected with the middle of the end beam, the tail of the middle beam is connected with the first ends of the two connecting beams, the middle beam and the two connecting beams form a herringbone structure, and the second ends of the two connecting beams are respectively connected to the two side beams;
the two ends of the cross beams are respectively connected to the two side beams;
the locking device bearing seats are detachably arranged on the side beams;
and the container locking devices are respectively arranged on the end part of the beam and the locking device bearing seat.
2. The railway container special flatcar body of claim 1, wherein the locking device carrier seats are located between the cross beams and flush with the position of the cross beams on the side beams.
3. The railway container special flatcar body of claim 1, wherein the locking device bearing seat is of a cantilever structure.
4. The railway container special flat car body as claimed in claim 1, wherein the side beams comprise an upper cover plate and a lower cover plate which are arranged in parallel and opposite to each other and a web plate connected between the upper cover plate and the lower cover plate, the plane of the web plate is a vertical plane, and two ends of the web plate are respectively connected to the middle parts of the upper cover plate and the lower cover plate.
5. The railway container special flat car body as claimed in claim 4, wherein the web plate is further provided with a plurality of operation holes, and the positions of the operation holes correspond to the positions of the beam end container locking devices.
6. The flatcar body special for the railway container as claimed in claim 4, wherein a support beam is arranged on the inner side of the web plate, the support beam is of a truss structure, and two ends of the support beam are respectively connected to the upper cover plate and the lower cover plate.
7. The railway container special flat car body as claimed in claim 6, wherein the support beam is a cold-formed channel steel.
8. The flatcar body special for the railway container as claimed in claim 1, further comprising four sleeper beams, wherein the sleeper beams are located between the middle beam and the side beams, and two ends of the sleeper beams are respectively connected with the middle beam and the side beams.
9. The flatcar body for the railway container as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cross beams comprise a single-lock cross beam and a double-lock cross beam, one end of the single-lock cross beam is provided with one container locking device, and one end of the double-lock cross beam is provided with two container locking devices.
10. A container transportation system comprising a plurality of containers and a railway container dedicated flatcar body as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, said containers being secured above said flatcar body.
CN201921520828.4U 2019-09-09 2019-09-09 Special flatcar body for railway container and container transportation system Active CN210502677U (en)

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CN201921520828.4U CN210502677U (en) 2019-09-09 2019-09-09 Special flatcar body for railway container and container transportation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921520828.4U CN210502677U (en) 2019-09-09 2019-09-09 Special flatcar body for railway container and container transportation system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111762216A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-10-13 中车长江车辆有限公司 Railway container flat car body
CN114715212A (en) * 2022-04-24 2022-07-08 中车常州车辆有限公司 Container bearing device and container transportation equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111762216A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-10-13 中车长江车辆有限公司 Railway container flat car body
CN114715212A (en) * 2022-04-24 2022-07-08 中车常州车辆有限公司 Container bearing device and container transportation equipment

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