CN210425553U - Heat conduction oil heating device - Google Patents

Heat conduction oil heating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210425553U
CN210425553U CN201920717055.2U CN201920717055U CN210425553U CN 210425553 U CN210425553 U CN 210425553U CN 201920717055 U CN201920717055 U CN 201920717055U CN 210425553 U CN210425553 U CN 210425553U
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China
Prior art keywords
heater
heating device
oil heating
combustor
air
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CN201920717055.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
段智勇
朱昆鹏
肖武甲
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Changsha Zhuochuang Machinery Technology Co ltd
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Changsha Zhuochuang Machinery Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The utility model relates to a conduction oil heating device, include combustor, pre-heater, air-blower and be used for heating the heater of conduction oil at least, the combustor with the heater is linked together, the gas vent of heater with the heat exchanger of pre-heater links to each other, the air-blower sets up the air inlet of pre-heater, the gas outlet of pre-heater with the combustor is linked together. The utility model discloses set up the pre-heater in the heater outside, utilize the flue gas waste heat, with the cold air heating back, carry to the combustor, use as combustion-supporting wind, reach energy saving and consumption reduction's purpose, just the utility model has the characteristics of low in manufacturing cost, simple structure, it is compact, reasonable, economical and practical, the thermal efficiency is high, low in labor strength, installation use easy maintenance and safe and reliable.

Description

Heat conduction oil heating device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the conduction oil heating, concretely relates to conduction oil heating device.
Background
The biomass heat conduction oil heater is one of heat carrier boilers, is a boiler taking biomass energy as fuel, and can be divided into a biomass steam boiler, a biomass hot water boiler, a biomass hot blast stove, a biomass heat conduction oil furnace, a vertical biomass boiler, a horizontal biomass boiler and the like.
Traditional biomass fuel heat carrier stove is a special type boiler with organic heat carrier as working medium, adopt the biomass burner to arrange the integral type structure in the boiler usually, the fan is in the feeder hopper position, provide required air for biomass combustion, the organic carrier of high temperature flue gas heating through biomass fuel burning production, provide required heat for the consumer after the organic carrier rising temperature, and the flue gas that produces behind the fuel burning discharges through the chimney, the temperature is generally about 170 ℃, some reaches 300 even, not only waste the heat, again cause thermal pollution to the environment, and simultaneously, biomass fuel boiler combustion process is with cold air as combustion-supporting wind, it is not abundant to appear burning easily, it is unsatisfactory to burn out the effect, waste energy scheduling problem.
Most organic heat carrier boilers do not recover waste heat, only a few organic heat carrier boilers exchange waste heat of flue gas with water paths to provide hot water or steam, and combustion air at a combustor cannot be preheated.
In summary, it is desirable to provide a heat conduction oil heating device with simple structure and high thermal efficiency, which can effectively achieve the effects of energy saving and consumption reduction.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a simple structure, thermal efficiency are high, can effectively play the conduction oil heating device of energy saving and consumption reduction effect.
The above purpose is realized by the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a conduction oil heating device, includes combustor, pre-heater, air-blower and is used for heating the heater of conduction oil at least, the combustor with the heater is linked together, the gas vent of heater with the heat exchanger of pre-heater links to each other, the air-blower sets up the air inlet of pre-heater, the gas outlet of pre-heater with the combustor is linked together.
The utility model discloses set up the pre-heater in the heater outside, utilize the flue gas waste heat, with the cold air heating back, carry to the combustor, use as combustion-supporting wind, reach energy saving and consumption reduction's purpose, just the utility model has the characteristics of low in manufacturing cost, simple structure, it is compact, reasonable, economical and practical, the thermal efficiency is high, low in labor strength, installation use easy maintenance and safe and reliable.
The further technical scheme is that the heat exchanger is connected with a dust remover, and the dust remover is provided with an induced draft fan used for leading out the flue gas treated by the dust remover. The dust separator may comprise one or more dust separators, such as: cyclone dust collectors, ceramic multi-tube dust collectors, cartridge dust collectors, wet electric dust collectors, and the like.
The further technical proposal is that the combustor is connected with the air outlet of the preheater through a combustion-supporting air supply pipe.
The further technical proposal is that the exhaust port of the heater is connected with the heat exchanger of the preheater through a flue gas exhaust pipe.
The further technical proposal is that the dust remover is provided with a smoke discharge port.
The further technical proposal is that a bag-type dust collector is arranged at the smoke discharge port.
The further technical scheme is that the heater comprises a boiler body, and the boiler body is vertical or horizontal. Wherein, the heater can be a horizontal biomass furnace or a vertical biomass furnace, and at the moment, the burner and the heater are of an integral structure.
The further technical scheme is that the boiler body is provided with a heat exchange pipe, and the heat exchange pipe is coiled in the boiler body.
The further technical scheme is that the boiler body is provided with a refractory lining.
The further technical scheme is that an ash outlet is formed in the bottom of the boiler body.
When the device of the utility model works, biomass raw materials pass through the burner, enter the combustion chamber, and are fully combusted with preheated combustion-supporting air, high-temperature flue gas generated by combustion goes up to the heater to exchange heat with a heat transfer oil medium in the heat exchange pipe, the heated heat transfer oil is utilized as a heat source of the application industry, meanwhile, the high-temperature flue gas is discharged into the preheater through the furnace top, the preheater is connected with the air blower, the input cold air exchanges heat with the high-temperature flue gas in the air preheater, the preheated air enters the burner through the combustion-supporting air supply pipe to be fully combusted with biomass, the flue gas after heat exchange is purified by the dust remover, the clean flue gas is discharged through the chimney under the action of the outlet draught fan, dust generated after the combustion of the biomass passes through the dust cleaning port at the lower part to be timely removed from the boiler body, and, facilitating heat exchange.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which form a part hereof, are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention without undue limitation.
Fig. 1 and fig. 2 are schematic structural diagrams of a heat transfer oil heating device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure:
1 burner 2 heater 3 combustion-supporting air supply pipe 4 flue gas discharge pipe
5 preheater 6 dust remover 7 blower 8 smoke discharge port
9 induced draft fan
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings, which are provided for illustrative and explanatory purposes only and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention in any way. Furthermore, features from embodiments in this document and from different embodiments may be combined accordingly by a person skilled in the art from the description in this document.
The embodiment of the utility model provides a as follows, refer to fig. 1, a conduction oil heating device includes combustor 1, pre-heater 5, air-blower 7 at least and is used for heating the heater 2 of conduction oil, combustor 1 with heater 2 is linked together, heater 2 the gas vent with pre-heater 5's heat exchanger links to each other, air-blower 7 sets up pre-heater 5's air inlet, pre-heater 5's gas outlet with combustor 1 is linked together.
The utility model discloses set up pre-heater 5 in heater 2 outsides, utilize the flue gas waste heat, with cold air heating back, carry to combustor 1, use as combustion-supporting wind, reach energy saving and consumption reduction's purpose, just the utility model has the characteristics of low in manufacturing cost, simple structure, it is compact, reasonable, economical and practical, the thermal efficiency is high, low in labor strength, installation use easy maintenance and safe and reliable.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 1, the heat exchanger is connected to the dust remover 6, and the dust remover 6 is provided with a draught fan 9 for leading out the flue gas treated by the dust remover. The dust separator 6 may comprise one or more dust separators, such as: cyclone dust collectors, ceramic multi-tube dust collectors, cartridge dust collectors, wet electric dust collectors, and the like.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 1, the gas outlet of the combustor 1 and the gas outlet of the preheater 5 are connected through a combustion air supply pipe 3.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 2, the exhaust port of the heater 2 is connected to the heat exchanger of the preheater 5 through the flue gas discharge pipe 4.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 2, the dust remover is provided with a flue gas discharge port 8.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another embodiment of the present invention, the fume discharge port 8 is provided with a bag-type dust collector.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another embodiment of the present invention, the heater 2 includes a boiler body, and the boiler body is vertical (fig. 1) or horizontal (fig. 2). The heater 2 may be a horizontal biomass furnace or a vertical biomass furnace, and at this time, the burner 1 and the heater 2 are of an integral structure.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another embodiment of the present invention, the boiler body is provided with a heat exchange tube, and the heat exchange tube is coiled in the boiler body.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another embodiment of the present invention, the boiler body is provided with a refractory lining.
On the basis of the above embodiment, in another embodiment of the present invention, the bottom of the boiler body is provided with an ash outlet.
As shown in figure 1, when the device of the utility model works, biomass raw materials pass through a burner 1, enter a combustion chamber, and are fully combusted with preheated combustion-supporting air, high-temperature flue gas generated by combustion goes up to a heater 2 to exchange heat with a heat transfer oil medium in a heat exchange pipe, the heated heat transfer oil is utilized as a heat source of an application industry, meanwhile, the high-temperature flue gas is discharged into a preheater 5 through a furnace top, the preheater 5 is connected with an air blower 7, the input cold air exchanges heat with the high-temperature flue gas in the air preheater 5, the preheated air enters the burner 1 through a combustion-supporting air supply pipe 3 to be fully combusted with biomass, the flue gas after heat exchange is purified by a dust remover, clean flue gas is discharged through a chimney under the action of an outlet draught fan 9, dust generated after the combustion of the biomass passes through a dust removal port at the lower part and is removed from a boiler body in time, facilitating heat exchange.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, a plurality of modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a conduction oil heating device, its characterized in that includes combustor, pre-heater, air-blower and is used for heating the heater of conduction oil at least, the combustor with the heater is linked together, the gas vent of heater with the heat exchanger of pre-heater links to each other, the air-blower sets up the air inlet of pre-heater, the gas outlet of pre-heater with the combustor is linked together.
2. The heat transfer oil heating device of claim 1, wherein the heat exchanger is connected with a dust remover, and the dust remover is provided with an induced draft fan for leading out flue gas treated by the dust remover.
3. The conduction oil heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the burner is connected to an air outlet of the preheater through a combustion air supply pipe.
4. The heat transfer oil heating device of claim 1, wherein the exhaust port of the heater is connected with the heat exchanger of the preheater through a flue gas exhaust pipe.
5. The thermal oil heating device according to claim 2, wherein the dust remover is provided with a fume discharge port.
6. The heat transfer oil heating device of claim 5, wherein the fume discharge port is provided with a bag-type dust collector.
7. The heat transfer oil heating device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the heater comprises a boiler body, and the boiler body is vertical or horizontal.
8. The thermal oil heating device according to claim 7, wherein the boiler body is provided with heat exchange tubes wound inside the boiler body.
9. A thermal oil heating device according to claim 7, wherein the boiler body is provided with a refractory lining.
10. The conduction oil heating device according to claim 7, wherein an ash outlet is formed at the bottom of the boiler body.
CN201920717055.2U 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Heat conduction oil heating device Active CN210425553U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920717055.2U CN210425553U (en) 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Heat conduction oil heating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920717055.2U CN210425553U (en) 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Heat conduction oil heating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210425553U true CN210425553U (en) 2020-04-28

Family

ID=70372033

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920717055.2U Active CN210425553U (en) 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Heat conduction oil heating device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210425553U (en)

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