CN210188620U - Composite face milling cutter capable of performing rough machining and finish machining - Google Patents

Composite face milling cutter capable of performing rough machining and finish machining Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210188620U
CN210188620U CN201920165224.6U CN201920165224U CN210188620U CN 210188620 U CN210188620 U CN 210188620U CN 201920165224 U CN201920165224 U CN 201920165224U CN 210188620 U CN210188620 U CN 210188620U
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China
Prior art keywords
blade
head body
cutter head
machining
finish machining
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CN201920165224.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Jinsuo Dong
董金锁
Bin Li
李彬
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Beijing Jinwanzhong Machinery Technology Co ltd
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Beijing Wisdom Machinery Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a can carry out rough machining and finish machining's compound face milling cutter, include: the cutter comprises a cutter head body, a rough machining blade and a finish machining blade; one end of the cutter head body is connected with a main shaft of a machine tool, the end is an upper end, the other end of the cutter head body is a lower end, the lower end is uniformly provided with more than one vertical mounting groove and more than one horizontal mounting groove along the circumferential direction, the vertical mounting grooves and the horizontal mounting grooves are distributed at intervals, the vertical mounting grooves are uniformly distributed on the circumferential surface of the lower end of the cutter head body, and the horizontal mounting grooves are uniformly distributed on the end surface of the lower end; rough machining blades are arranged in all the vertical mounting grooves, and rough machining blades or finish machining blades are uniformly arranged in all the horizontal mounting grooves at intervals; on the lower end face of the cutter head body, the finish machining blade is higher than the rough machining blade by a set amount in the axial direction to serve as a finish machining allowance.

Description

Composite face milling cutter capable of performing rough machining and finish machining
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a milling process field, concretely relates to can carry out rough machining and finish machining's compound face milling cutter.
Background
The face milling cutter is a common cutter in milling processing, is widely applied to a milling machine tool for processing a plane, and a plurality of cutter teeth sequentially cut materials through the rotation of the cutter so as to remove workpiece materials and achieve the required requirements.
In the current plane milling process of cast iron parts, in order to ensure the processing precision and the surface roughness requirement, the processed surface needs to be processed in two stages of rough processing and finish processing, the rough processing needs to meet the characteristics of large cutting depth and high feeding to improve the efficiency in order to ensure the processing efficiency, the finish processing needs to have small cutting depth and large cutting width to ensure the finishing surface smoothing function in order to ensure the processing precision and the surface roughness, because the requirements of rough processing and finish processing on face milling cutter blades are completely different, a conventional face milling cutter can only be provided with one type of blades, in order to meet the processing requirement, different face milling cutters are needed to be used for coping respectively, and thus, the problems of multiple types of cutter discs and blades, multiple times of tool feeding required by processing the same part, high cost of the cutter, difficult improvement of the processing efficiency and the like exist.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model provides a can carry out rough machining and finish machining's compound face milling cutter can be integrated on same face milling cutter's milling cutter dish and accomplish rough machining and finish machining at a feed to rough machining and finish machining with the finish machining of finish machining blade.
The technical scheme of the utility model is that: a compound face milling cutter capable of roughing and finishing comprising: the cutter comprises a cutter head body, a rough machining blade and a finish machining blade;
one end of the cutter head body is connected with a main shaft of a machine tool, the end is an upper end, the other end of the cutter head body is a lower end, the lower end is uniformly provided with more than one vertical mounting groove and more than one horizontal mounting groove along the circumferential direction, the vertical mounting grooves and the horizontal mounting grooves are distributed at intervals, the vertical mounting grooves are uniformly distributed on the circumferential surface of the lower end of the cutter head body, and the horizontal mounting grooves are uniformly distributed on the end surface of the lower end;
rough machining blades are arranged in all the vertical mounting grooves, and rough machining blades and finish machining blades are uniformly arranged in all the horizontal mounting grooves at intervals; on the lower end face of the cutter head body, the length of the finish machining blade extending out of the lower end face of the cutter head body is larger than the length of the rough machining blade extending out of the lower end face of the cutter head body by a set amount to serve as a finish machining allowance; the rough machining blade in the vertical mounting groove is used for realizing the cutting depth of the workpiece during rough machining, and the rough machining blade in the horizontal mounting groove is used for realizing the cutting width of the workpiece during rough machining.
As a preferred scheme of the utility model, the dual-purpose blade is horizontally installed in the horizontal mounting groove as a rough machining blade or a finish machining blade, and is vertically installed in the vertical mounting groove as a rough machining blade;
the dual-purpose blade is of a cuboid structure, one pair of opposite end faces in the cuboid structure are blade faces, and the blade faces are rectangles;
the horizontal installation refers to that the long edge of the cutting edge surface of the dual-purpose blade is arranged in the horizontal installation groove along the radial direction of the lower end surface of the cutter head body, and the short edge of the cutting edge surface of the dual-purpose blade is parallel to the rotating shaft of the cutter head body;
the vertical installation means that the long edge of the blade surface of the dual-purpose blade is parallel to the rotating shaft of the cutter head body in the vertical installation groove, and the short edge of the blade surface of the dual-purpose blade is along the radial direction of the lower end surface of the cutter head body.
As a preferred scheme of the utility model, the horizontal mounting groove provided with the finish machining blade is deepened along the axial direction, and a finish machining adjusting blade seat is fixedly arranged in the horizontal mounting groove through a screw;
the side wall of one end, facing the end face of the lower end of the cutter head body, of the finish machining adjusting blade seat is provided with an inclined groove, the opening of the inclined groove faces the upper end of the cutter head body, and the inclined groove divides the finish machining adjusting blade seat into an upper part and a lower part;
the lower part of the finish machining adjusting blade seat is provided with an internal thread through hole which is vertical to the depth direction of the inclined groove, and a finish machining adjusting screw penetrates through the through hole to be abutted against the upper part of the finish machining adjusting blade seat; and the long edge of the edge surface of the finish machining blade is radially arranged along the end surface of the lower end of the cutter head body and is fixed with the finish machining adjusting blade seat.
Has the advantages that:
(1) the utility model discloses can be integrated on rough machining and the finish machining cutting edge milling cutter's facing cutter disc and accomplish rough machining and finish machining at a feed in-process, need not use different face milling cutters to deal with respectively, machining efficiency is high, easy operation just is favorable to reduce cost, the management and the classification of the machining tool of being convenient for.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model discloses can carry out rough machining and finish machining's compound face milling cutter's schematic structure diagram.
Fig. 2 is the utility model discloses can carry out rough machining and finish machining's compound face milling cutter's enlargements.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the composite face milling cutter blade of the present invention capable of performing rough machining and finish machining.
Fig. 4 is the utility model discloses the fine machining fine setting blade holder's of compound face milling cutter that can carry out rough machining and fine machining adjustment schematic diagram.
Wherein, 1, the cutter head body, 2, the dual-purpose blade, 2-1, the cutting edge, 3, the fine machining adjusting blade seat, 4, the fine machining adjusting screw, 5, the adjusting wrench
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings by way of examples.
The embodiment provides a composite face milling cutter capable of simultaneously performing rough machining and finish machining, wherein rough machining and finish machining blades are integrated on a milling cutter disc of the same face milling cutter, so that rough machining and finish machining can be completed in one-time feeding.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the face milling cutter includes a cutter head body 1 and a dual-purpose insert 2;
one end of the cutter head body 1 is connected with a machine tool spindle, the end is an upper end, the other end is a lower end, the lower end is uniformly provided with more than one vertical mounting groove and more than one horizontal mounting groove along the circumferential direction, and the vertical mounting grooves and the horizontal mounting grooves are distributed at intervals, wherein the vertical mounting grooves are uniformly distributed on the outer circumferential surface of the lower end of the cutter head body 1 along the circumferential direction, and the horizontal mounting grooves are uniformly distributed on the end surface of the lower end along the circumferential direction;
the dual-purpose blade 2 is of a cuboid structure, wherein one pair of opposite end surfaces in the cuboid structure are blade surfaces, and the blade surfaces are rectangles; a through hole is arranged in the center of the other opposite end surface of the dual-purpose blade 2 and serves as a blade mounting hole, and the axis of the mounting hole is parallel to the short edge of the blade edge surface;
more than two dual-purpose blades 2 are respectively arranged in more than one vertical mounting groove and more than one horizontal mounting groove which are distributed at intervals, and screws penetrate through the mounting holes on the dual-purpose blades 2 to fix the dual-purpose blades on the cutter head body 1.
The dual-purpose blade 2 is vertically installed in the vertical installation groove and horizontally installed in the horizontal installation groove, namely the long edge of the blade surface of the dual-purpose blade 2 in the vertical installation groove is parallel to the rotating shaft of the cutter head body 1, the short edge of the blade surface is along the radial direction of the lower end surface of the cutter head body 1, and the long edge of the blade surface is used for controlling the cutting depth of a workpiece; the long edge of the blade surface of the dual-purpose blade 2 in the horizontal mounting groove is along the radial direction of the lower end surface of the cutter head body 1, the short edge is parallel to the rotating shaft of the cutter head body 1, and the long edge of the blade surface is used as a cutting edge in the rough machining width cutting direction or a finish machining cutting edge; when the tool is used, the two dual-purpose blades 2 in the two adjacent horizontal mounting grooves are used for rough machining and finish machining, the dual-purpose blades 2 used for rough machining in the horizontal mounting grooves are uniformly distributed along the axial direction of the tool disc body 1, and the dual-purpose blades 2 used for finish machining are uniformly distributed along the axial direction of the tool disc body 1.
In order to ensure the precision finishing, a finishing adjusting blade seat 3 is arranged in each horizontal mounting groove for mounting the finishing dual-purpose blade 2, namely, the horizontal mounting groove is deepened along the axial direction, the finishing adjusting blade seat 3 is fixedly mounted in the horizontal mounting groove through screws, and the dual-purpose blade 2 is fixed on the horizontal mounting groove for finishing; the fine machining adjusting blade seat 3 is an elastic seat;
the side wall of one end, facing the end face of the lower end of the cutter head body 1, of the finish machining adjusting blade seat 3 is provided with an inclined groove, the opening of the inclined groove faces the upper end of the cutter head body 1 and then inclines downwards; the inclined groove divides the finish machining adjusting blade seat 3 into an upper part and a lower part;
an internal thread through hole vertical to the depth direction of the inclined groove is formed in the lower portion of the finish machining adjusting blade seat 3, and a finish machining adjusting screw 4 penetrates through the through hole to abut against the upper portion of the finish machining adjusting blade seat 3; the long edge of the cutting edge surface of the dual-purpose blade 2 is still horizontally arranged along the radial direction of the end surface of the lower end of the cutter head body 1 and is fixed with the finish machining adjusting blade seat 3 through screws.
The length of the dual-purpose blade 2 in the horizontal mounting groove without the finish machining adjusting blade seat 3 and the length of the dual-purpose blade 2 in the vertical mounting groove extending out of the lower end face of the cutter head body 1 are consistent by taking the lower end face of the cutter head body 1 as a reference, the length of the dual-purpose blade 2 in the horizontal mounting groove with the finish machining adjusting blade seat 3 extending out of the lower end face of the cutter head body 1 is more than the length of the dual-purpose blade 2 in the vertical mounting groove extending out of the lower end face of the cutter head body 1 by a set amount to serve as a finish machining allowance, and on the circumferential surface of the cutter head body 1, the height of the dual-purpose blade 2 in the vertical.
Specifically, the method comprises the following steps: before milling, a finish machining adjusting screw 4 is screwed or unscrewed by an adjusting wrench 5, so that the cutting edge 2-1 of the dual-purpose blade 2 is lifted or falls, namely, the height of the dual-purpose blade 2 provided with the finish machining adjusting blade seat 3 is finely adjusted, and the lengths of all finish machining blades extending out of the lower end face of the cutter head body 1 are consistent.
When the face milling cutter is used for machining, because the dual-purpose blades 2 are vertically and horizontally installed at intervals, and the finish machining and the rough machining are distributed at intervals in the horizontal installation, the corresponding finish machining is carried out after each rough machining (including the rough machining in the depth cutting direction and the rough machining in the width cutting direction of the workpiece), and the cutting balance of each workpiece sheet is ensured; the dual-purpose blade 2 installed vertically and the blade used for rough machining in the horizontal installation are used for rough milling of parts, machining allowance of the parts can be removed in a large cutting depth mode through rough milling, meanwhile, the machining allowance with a set amount is reserved in the height direction, after rough milling and cutting are conducted, the parts are subjected to finish milling through the blade used for finish machining in the horizontal installation, and the purpose of completing rough machining and finish machining of the parts through one-time cutter feeding is achieved. Meanwhile, when the horizontal finish milling is carried out, the cutting edge of the dual-purpose blade 2 is wide, the dual-purpose blade has the characteristic of a polishing function, and the purpose of ensuring the roughness of the processed surface under the condition of high feeding can be realized.
In summary, the above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. A compound face milling cutter capable of both roughing and finishing comprising: the cutter comprises a cutter head body (1), a rough machining blade and a finish machining blade;
one end of the cutter head body (1) is connected with a main shaft of a machine tool, the end is an upper end, the other end is a lower end, the lower end is uniformly provided with more than one vertical mounting groove and more than one horizontal mounting groove along the circumferential direction, and the vertical mounting grooves and the horizontal mounting grooves are uniformly distributed at intervals, wherein the vertical mounting grooves are uniformly distributed on the circumferential surface of the lower end of the cutter head body (1), and the horizontal mounting grooves are uniformly distributed on the end surface of the lower end;
rough machining blades are arranged in all the vertical mounting grooves, and rough machining blades and finish machining blades are uniformly arranged in all the horizontal mounting grooves at intervals; on the lower end face of the cutter head body (1), the length of the finish machining blade extending out of the lower end face of the cutter head body (1) is larger than the length of the rough machining blade extending out of the lower end face of the cutter head body (1) by a set amount to serve as a finish machining allowance.
2. The composite face milling cutter capable of performing rough machining and finish machining as claimed in claim 1, wherein the dual-purpose insert (2) is mounted horizontally as a rough machining insert or a finish machining insert in a horizontal mounting pocket and vertically as a rough machining insert in a vertical mounting pocket;
the dual-purpose blade (2) is of a cuboid structure, wherein one pair of opposite end surfaces in the cuboid structure are blade surfaces, and the blade surfaces are rectangles;
the horizontal installation refers to that the long edge of the cutting edge surface of the dual-purpose blade (2) is arranged in the horizontal installation groove along the radial direction of the lower end surface of the cutter head body (1), and the short edge is parallel to the rotating shaft of the cutter head body (1);
the vertical installation refers to that the long edge of the cutting edge surface of the dual-purpose blade (2) is parallel to the rotating shaft of the cutter head body (1) in the vertical installation groove, and the short edge of the cutting edge surface of the dual-purpose blade is in the radial direction of the lower end surface of the cutter head body (1).
3. The milling cutter according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the horizontal mounting groove with the finishing insert is mounted with a finishing adjusting insert seat (3) by a screw;
the side wall of one end, facing the end face of the lower end of the cutter head body (1), of the finish machining adjusting blade seat (3) is provided with an oblique groove, the opening of the oblique groove faces the upper end of the cutter head body (1), and the oblique groove divides the finish machining adjusting blade seat (3) into an upper part and a lower part;
an internal thread through hole vertical to the depth direction of the oblique groove is formed in the lower portion of the finish machining adjusting blade seat (3), and a finish machining adjusting screw (4) penetrates through the through hole to abut against the upper portion of the finish machining adjusting blade seat (3); the long edge of the edge surface of the finish machining blade is installed along the radial direction of the end surface of the lower end of the cutter head body (1) and is fixed with the finish machining adjusting blade seat (3).
CN201920165224.6U 2019-01-30 2019-01-30 Composite face milling cutter capable of performing rough machining and finish machining Active CN210188620U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920165224.6U CN210188620U (en) 2019-01-30 2019-01-30 Composite face milling cutter capable of performing rough machining and finish machining

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920165224.6U CN210188620U (en) 2019-01-30 2019-01-30 Composite face milling cutter capable of performing rough machining and finish machining

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210188620U true CN210188620U (en) 2020-03-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109834327A (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-06-04 北京金万众机械科技有限公司 A kind of compound face milling cutters being able to carry out roughing and finishing
CN111531214A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-08-14 芜湖保泰精密工具制造有限公司 Milling cutter for machining controllable roughness

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109834327A (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-06-04 北京金万众机械科技有限公司 A kind of compound face milling cutters being able to carry out roughing and finishing
CN111531214A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-08-14 芜湖保泰精密工具制造有限公司 Milling cutter for machining controllable roughness
CN111531214B (en) * 2020-05-27 2021-03-09 芜湖保泰精密工具制造有限公司 Milling cutter for machining controllable roughness

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Address after: 101500 yard 1, Yunxi Third Road, Miyun District, Beijing

Patentee after: Beijing Jinwanzhong Machinery Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 101500 No. 19, Xitong Road, economic development zone, Miyun District, Beijing

Patentee before: BEIJING WISDOM MACHINERY SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.