CN209971639U - Vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron - Google Patents

Vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209971639U
CN209971639U CN201822260628.1U CN201822260628U CN209971639U CN 209971639 U CN209971639 U CN 209971639U CN 201822260628 U CN201822260628 U CN 201822260628U CN 209971639 U CN209971639 U CN 209971639U
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China
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extrusion
extrusion cavity
connecting rod
frame
transmission belt
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CN201822260628.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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张启波
牛俊友
王红霞
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Tangshan Xingmin Wheel Co Ltd
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Tangshan Xingmin Wheel Co Ltd
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Abstract

A vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron comprises a frame, a transmission mechanism, an extrusion cavity, an extrusion mechanism and an output conveyor belt; the transmission mechanism, the extrusion cavity, the extrusion mechanism and the output conveyor belt are all fixed through a rack; the tail end of the transmission mechanism is matched with the inlet end of the extrusion cavity, and the extrusion cavity is provided with an extrusion mechanism for compacting scrap iron in the extrusion cavity; the output conveyor belt is matched with the outlet end of the extrusion cavity. The utility model discloses simple structure, it is convenient to use, compares with traditional iron fillings compaction's processing mode, has not only improved work efficiency effectively, has reduced labour cost, can also avoid the harm to the staff, has improved the security of work.

Description

Vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron
Technical Field
The utility model provides a lathe equipment, especially a lathe for concentrating automatic processing to iron fillings belongs to mechanical equipment technical field.
Background
With the continuous innovation of science and technology, the traditional machining method is gradually replaced by lathe machining equipment, and the machine tool is advocated by the people in the industry with the advantages of high efficiency, low cost and the like. However, when processing workpiece products such as parts, a large amount of waste scrap iron can be generated and scattered on equipment and the periphery of the equipment, and the normal operation and the production safety of the equipment can be influenced along with the continuous accumulation of the scrap iron, so that workers need to clean the scrap iron in time to prevent the scrap iron from being accumulated too much to influence the normal operation of the equipment. After iron fillings on the equipment are cleared up, the iron fillings that clear up down can push in the bin, treat to save after a certain quantity, carry out unified processing again. At present, the processing mode of taking to accumulational iron fillings is, fill the back when the iron fillings storage box, need a plurality of lathe staff to carry extrusion department instrument department jointly, carry out the compaction to iron fillings, iron fillings piece rethread staff after the pressure stone is carried away on the dolly, this mode is not only working strength great, work efficiency is low, and iron fillings piece weight after the compaction is great, in case of manual mode transport, in case the operation is careless, when the hand slip scheduling problem appears, will cause the damage to the staff, personal safety to the staff has certain harm nature.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses to prior art not enough, provide a vertical lathe for iron fillings centralized processing, its simple structure, convenient to use can transmit, work such as compaction, transport to iron fillings automatically.
The problem is solved through following technical scheme:
a vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron comprises a frame, a transmission mechanism, an extrusion cavity, an extrusion mechanism and an output conveyor belt; the transmission mechanism, the extrusion cavity, the extrusion mechanism and the output conveyor belt are all fixed through a rack; the tail end of the transmission mechanism is matched with the inlet end of the extrusion cavity, and the extrusion cavity is provided with an extrusion mechanism for compacting scrap iron in the extrusion cavity; the output conveyor belt is matched with the outlet end of the extrusion cavity; the extrusion cavity is of a frame structure, six surfaces of the extrusion cavity are assembled by panels respectively, a front panel of the extrusion cavity is hinged with the frame to serve as an outlet end, and an upper panel of the extrusion cavity is in sliding fit with the frame to serve as an inlet end; the extrusion mechanism comprises a compression hydraulic cylinder and a damping pressurization mechanism; a piston rod of the compression hydraulic cylinder is connected with the rear panel; the damping pressurization mechanism is connected with the front panel.
According to the vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron, the damping pressurization mechanism comprises a lifting hydraulic cylinder, a first connecting rod, a second connecting rod, a third connecting rod and a support; the first connecting rod, the second connecting rod and the third connecting rod are sequentially hinged end to end; a piston rod of the lifting hydraulic cylinder is connected with the first connecting rod, and then drives a front panel hinged with the third connecting rod to move; the middle part of the first connecting rod is hinged with the bracket to form a lever structure; the support is of a triangular structure.
The vertical lathe for centralized treatment of the scrap iron is additionally provided with the falling buffer piece; the falling buffer piece is arranged at the bottom of the front panel and comprises a first magnetic block and a second magnetic block; the first magnetic block is fixed at the bottom of the center of the front panel; one end of the second magnetic block is connected with one end of the first magnetic block through a connecting rope.
According to the vertical lathe for centralized treatment of the scrap iron, the transmission mechanism comprises a transverse transmission belt and an inclined transmission belt; the transverse transmission belt and the inclined transmission belt are assembled end to end; the inclined transmission belt is also provided with a fixed magnet, the fixed magnet is arranged inside the inclined transmission belt, and a distance of 5-7cm is formed between the fixed magnet and the inclined transmission belt; the fixed magnets are arranged in a plurality of groups and are uniformly distributed inside the inclined transmission belt.
In the vertical lathe for centralized processing of scrap iron, the part of the frame connected with the upper panel is of a concave structure, and the upper panel can slide in the frame; the back panel can reciprocate in the extrusion cavity, and a gap of 2-3cm is formed between the four sides of the back panel and the frame.
The vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron is additionally provided with the push-pull mechanism, and the push-pull mechanism comprises a roller, a shaft lever, a driving motor and a roller frame; the roller wheels are assembled on the roller frame through the shaft rod, and a plurality of roller wheels are uniformly distributed on the shaft rod; one end of the shaft lever is driven by a driving motor; the driving motor is a forward and reverse rotating motor; the roller is contacted with the upper panel; and the outer wall of the roller is also provided with anti-skid rubber.
The sealing rubber pad is additionally arranged on the vertical lathe for the centralized treatment of the scrap iron; the sealing rubber pad is fixed around four sides of the rear panel.
The utility model discloses a transmission device, extrusion chamber and output conveyer belt, can transmit the iron fillings that clear up and get off to the extrusion intracavity to the extrusion mechanism in the cooperation extrusion chamber carries out the compaction to iron fillings, through output conveyer belt output at last, thereby accomplish the processing work of iron fillings, not only reduced the cost of labor effectively, improved work efficiency, and in the work flow that whole iron fillings were handled, need not any artifical transport moreover, avoid taking place the personal safety aspect damage that appears in the compaction of traditional iron fillings.
Additionally, the utility model discloses in still be equipped with the bolster that falls, it passes through the magnetic force of magnet to iron fillings to cooperation decurrent gravity makes iron fillings after the compaction when the conduction is to output conveyer belt, can slowly descend, reduces output conveyer belt's stress intensity, prevents that iron fillings piece after the compaction from causing the damage to output conveyer belt because of falling very fast, has ensured the safety in utilization and the life of equipment effectively.
The utility model discloses simple structure, it is convenient to use, compares with traditional iron fillings compaction's processing mode, has not only improved work efficiency effectively, has reduced labour cost, can also avoid causing harm to the staff, has improved the security of work.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view A-A of FIG. 1; (not drawn to scale)
Fig. 3 is a sectional view B-B of fig. 2. (not drawn to scale)
In the drawings, the respective reference numerals denote: 1. the device comprises a rack, 2 parts of an extrusion cavity, 2 parts of a frame, 2 parts of a front panel, 2 parts of a rear panel, 2 parts of an upper panel, 3 parts of an output conveyor belt, 4 parts of a compression hydraulic cylinder, 5 parts of a lifting hydraulic cylinder, 6 parts of a first connecting rod, 7 parts of a second connecting rod, 8 parts of a third connecting rod, 9 parts of a bracket, 10 parts of a first magnetic block, 11 parts of a second magnetic block, 12 parts of a transverse transmission belt, 13 parts of an inclined transmission belt, 14 parts of a connecting rope, 15 parts of a fixed magnet, 16 parts of a roller, 17 parts of a shaft lever, 18 parts of a driving motor, 19 parts of a roller frame, 20 parts of anti-skid rubber, 21 parts of a sealing rubber gasket and 22 parts of a push-pull mechanism.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 3, the utility model comprises a frame 1, a transmission mechanism, an extrusion cavity 2, an extrusion mechanism and an output conveyor belt 3; the transmission mechanism, the extrusion cavity 2, the extrusion mechanism and the output conveyor belt 3 are all fixed through the frame 1; the tail end of the transmission mechanism is matched with the inlet end of the extrusion cavity 2, and the extrusion cavity 2 is provided with an extrusion mechanism for compacting the scrap iron in the extrusion cavity 2; the output conveyor belt 3 is matched with the outlet end of the extrusion cavity 2; the extrusion cavity 2 is of a frame structure, six surfaces of the extrusion cavity are assembled by panels respectively (namely an upper panel, a lower panel, a left panel, a right panel, a front panel and a rear panel), two ends of the upper part of the front panel 2-2 of the extrusion cavity 2 are hinged with the frame 2-1 respectively to serve as outlet ends, and the front panel and the frame are hinged in a shaft joint mode so that the front panel can rotate around the frame; an upper panel 2-4 of the extrusion cavity 2 is in sliding fit with the frame 2-1 and serves as an inlet end; the extrusion mechanism comprises a compression hydraulic cylinder 4 and a damping pressurization mechanism; a piston rod of the compression hydraulic cylinder 4 is connected with the rear panel 2-3; the damping booster mechanism is connected with the front panel 2-2 and used for increasing resistance for the front panel so as to be matched with the rear panel to provide enough bearing capacity when the scrap iron is compressed. The damping pressurization mechanism comprises a lifting hydraulic cylinder 5, a first connecting rod 6, a second connecting rod 7, a third connecting rod 8 and a support 9; the first connecting rod 6, the second connecting rod 7 and the third connecting rod 8 are sequentially hinged end to end; a piston rod of the lifting hydraulic cylinder 5 is connected with the first connecting rod 6, and then drives the front panel 2-2 hinged with the third connecting rod 8 to move; the middle part of the first connecting rod 6 is hinged with the bracket 9 to form a lever structure, and when the piston rod descends by utilizing the lever principle, one end of the first connecting rod connected with the piston rod descends, and the other end of the first connecting rod ascends, so that the second connecting rod and the third connecting rod are driven to act, and the front panel is opened; the support 9 is of a triangular structure.
In addition, in order to ensure that the compacted iron chips can slowly fall when being conveyed to the output conveyor belt, reduce the stress strength of the output conveyor belt and prevent the compacted iron chip blocks from damaging the output conveyor belt due to high falling speed, the falling buffer part is additionally arranged, and the iron chip blocks have certain magnetic attraction by utilizing the magnetic principle so as to achieve the aim of slowly falling the iron chip blocks; the falling buffer piece is arranged at the bottom of the front panel 2-2 and comprises a first magnetic block 10 and a second magnetic block 11; the first magnetic block 10 is fixed at the bottom of the center of the front panel 2-2; one end of the second magnetic block 11 is connected with one end of the first magnetic block 10 through a connecting rope 14, and the second magnetic block is used for attracting falling iron scrap blocks.
The transmission mechanism in the utility model comprises a horizontal transmission belt 12 and an inclined transmission belt 13; the transverse transmission belt 12 and the inclined transmission belt 13 are assembled end to end; the inclined transmission belt 13 is also provided with a fixed magnet 15, the fixed magnet 15 is arranged inside the inclined transmission belt 13, and a distance of 5-7cm is formed between the fixed magnet 15 and the inclined transmission belt 13; the fixed magnets 15 are arranged in a plurality and uniformly distributed inside the inclined transmission belt 13. The assembly of the fixed magnet 15 is to prevent the small iron chips from sliding off in the conveying process of the inclined transmission belt 13, and the small iron chips can be stably conveyed on the inclined transmission belt 13 by means of the magnetism of the fixed magnet. The distance between the fixed magnet and the inclined transmission belt 13 is used for changing the size of the suction force between the fixed magnet and the transported scrap iron.
The part of the frame 2-1 connected with the upper panel 2-4 in the utility model is a concave structure, the upper panel 2-4 can slide in the frame 2-1, and the panel length of the upper panel is less than the length of the groove matched with the upper panel; the back panel 2-3 can reciprocate in the extrusion cavity 2, and a gap of 2-3cm is formed between the four sides of the back panel and the frame 2-1.
In addition, the utility model is also provided with a push-pull mechanism 22 which is used for leading the upper panel to slide in the frame 2-1, and the push-pull mechanism 22 comprises a roller 16, a shaft lever 17, a driving motor 18 and a roller frame 19; the rollers 16 are assembled on the roller frame 19 through the shaft lever 17, and a plurality of rollers 16 are uniformly distributed on the shaft lever 17; one end of the shaft rod 17 is driven by a driving motor 18; the driving motor 18 is a forward and reverse rotating motor; the roller 16 is contacted with the upper panel 2-4; the outer wall of the roller 16 is also provided with anti-skid rubber 20. The push-pull mechanism utilizes the principle of friction force, when the roller rotates reversely, the upper panel is driven to move backwards, and when the roller rotates forwards, the upper panel is driven to move forwards.
In addition, in order to make the back panel reciprocate in the extrusion cavity, so its size is smaller than other panels, specially add the sealing rubber gasket 21; the sealing rubber gasket 21 is fixed around the four sides of the rear panel 2-3 to prevent iron chips from slipping out of the gap during the extrusion process.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a vertical lathe for iron fillings centralized processing which characterized in that: comprises a frame (1), a transmission mechanism, an extrusion cavity (2), an extrusion mechanism and an output conveyor belt (3); the transmission mechanism, the extrusion cavity (2), the extrusion mechanism and the output conveyor belt (3) are all fixed through the rack (1); the tail end of the transmission mechanism is matched with the inlet end of the extrusion cavity (2), and the extrusion cavity (2) is provided with an extrusion mechanism for compacting scrap iron in the extrusion cavity (2); the output conveyor belt (3) is matched with the outlet end of the extrusion cavity (2); the extrusion cavity (2) is of a frame structure, six surfaces of the extrusion cavity are assembled by panels respectively, a front panel (2-2) of the extrusion cavity (2) is hinged with the frame (2-1) to serve as an outlet end, and an upper panel (2-4) of the extrusion cavity (2) is in sliding fit with the frame (2-1) to serve as an inlet end; the extrusion mechanism comprises a compression hydraulic cylinder (4) and a damping pressurization mechanism; a piston rod of the compression hydraulic cylinder (4) is connected with the rear panel (2-3); the damping pressurization mechanism is connected with the front panel (2-2).
2. The vertical lathe for iron scrap centralized processing according to claim 1, characterized in that: the damping pressurization mechanism comprises a lifting hydraulic cylinder (5), a first connecting rod (6), a second connecting rod (7), a third connecting rod (8) and a support (9); the first connecting rod (6), the second connecting rod (7) and the third connecting rod (8) are sequentially hinged end to end; a piston rod of the lifting hydraulic cylinder (5) is connected with the first connecting rod (6), and then drives the front panel (2-2) hinged with the third connecting rod (8) to act; the middle part of the first connecting rod (6) is hinged with the bracket (9) to form a lever structure; the bracket (9) is of a triangular structure.
3. The vertical lathe for iron scrap concentrated processing according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: additionally arranging a falling buffer piece; the falling buffer piece is arranged at the bottom of the front panel (2-2) and comprises a first magnetic block (10) and a second magnetic block (11); the first magnetic block (10) is fixed at the bottom of the center of the front panel (2-2); one end of the second magnetic block (11) is connected with one end of the first magnetic block (10) through a connecting rope (14).
4. The vertical lathe for iron scrap centralized processing according to claim 3, characterized in that: the transmission mechanism comprises a transverse transmission belt (12) and an inclined transmission belt (13); the transverse transmission belt (12) and the inclined transmission belt (13) are assembled end to end; the inclined transmission belt (13) is also provided with a fixed magnet (15), the fixed magnet (15) is arranged inside the inclined transmission belt (13), and a distance of 5-7cm is formed between the fixed magnet and the inclined transmission belt (13); the fixed magnets (15) are arranged in a plurality and are uniformly distributed inside the inclined transmission belt (13).
5. The vertical lathe for iron scrap centralized processing according to claim 4, characterized in that: the part of the frame (2-1) connected with the upper panel (2-4) is of a concave structure, and the upper panel (2-4) can slide in the frame (2-1); the back panel (2-3) can reciprocate in the extrusion cavity (2), and a gap of 2-3cm is formed between the four sides of the back panel and the frame (2-1).
6. The vertical lathe for iron scrap centralized processing according to claim 5, characterized in that: a push-pull mechanism (22) is additionally arranged, and the push-pull mechanism (22) comprises a roller (16), a shaft lever (17), a driving motor (18) and a roller frame (19); the roller wheels (16) are assembled on the roller wheel frame (19) through the shaft lever (17), and a plurality of roller wheels (16) are uniformly distributed on the shaft lever (17); one end of the shaft lever (17) is driven by a driving motor (18); the driving motor (18) is a forward and reverse rotating motor; the roller (16) is contacted with the upper panel (2-4); the outer wall of the roller (16) is also provided with anti-skid rubber (20).
7. The vertical lathe for iron scrap centralized processing according to claim 6, characterized in that: a sealing rubber pad (21) is additionally arranged; the sealing rubber gasket (21) is fixed around the four sides of the rear panel (2-3).
CN201822260628.1U 2018-12-30 2018-12-30 Vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron Active CN209971639U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822260628.1U CN209971639U (en) 2018-12-30 2018-12-30 Vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822260628.1U CN209971639U (en) 2018-12-30 2018-12-30 Vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209971639U true CN209971639U (en) 2020-01-21

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201822260628.1U Active CN209971639U (en) 2018-12-30 2018-12-30 Vertical lathe for centralized treatment of scrap iron

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209971639U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109624376A (en) * 2018-12-30 2019-04-16 唐山兴民钢圈有限公司 A kind of iron filings centralized processor
CN112917979A (en) * 2021-02-04 2021-06-08 杨石昌 Chemical fiber filament recycling and compacting equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109624376A (en) * 2018-12-30 2019-04-16 唐山兴民钢圈有限公司 A kind of iron filings centralized processor
CN112917979A (en) * 2021-02-04 2021-06-08 杨石昌 Chemical fiber filament recycling and compacting equipment

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