CN209894510U - Equipment for enabling tree growth cone to horizontally penetrate through tree center point - Google Patents

Equipment for enabling tree growth cone to horizontally penetrate through tree center point Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209894510U
CN209894510U CN201920067008.8U CN201920067008U CN209894510U CN 209894510 U CN209894510 U CN 209894510U CN 201920067008 U CN201920067008 U CN 201920067008U CN 209894510 U CN209894510 U CN 209894510U
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rod
tree
pole
adjusting
sliding block
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CN201920067008.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈建珍
何超
王柯人
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Southwest Forestry University
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Southwest Forestry University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a forestry investigation equipment technical field, concretely relates to equipment that tree center point was passed to tree growth awl level, including tree center positioner, demountable installation is under electronic growth awl. The tree center positioning device includes: a caliper positioning device and a triangular fixing device. Caliper positioning device includes, device main part pole, regulation pole and horizontal pole. The device main part pole sets up between the left side body of rod and the right side body of rod including the left pole and the right pole that the symmetry set up, and the horizontal pole is unilateral scalable structure, sets up between the left side body of rod and the right side body of rod, and the one side that the regulation pole was kept away from to the horizontal pole contacts with the trunk front side, and the one end that the regulation pole was kept away from to left pole and right pole is provided with the fixture block relatively for block the rear side of trunk. And the two groups of triangular fixing devices are respectively connected in sliding chutes arranged below the left rod and the right rod in a sliding manner. The utility model discloses the operator need not possess abundant practical experience and can make electronic trees growth awl level pass the tree heart with the help of tree heart positioner.

Description

Equipment for enabling tree growth cone to horizontally penetrate through tree center point
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a forestry investigation equipment technical field, concretely relates to equipment that tree center point was passed to tree growth awl level.
Background
Forestry research often needs to carry out the sample measurement to trees, and the tree growth awl is the specialized tool that can survey trees age and diameter growth volume without cutting down trees, generally comprises taper pipe, probe and taper shank triplex, and the growth awl can install the helping hand ware additional.
At present, the tree growth cone is mainly divided into a manual type and an electric type. When the manual growth cone is used, the cone handle needs to be rotated difficultly, great physical strength and more time are spent on drilling the wood core, and the wood core is easy to break if uneven force is applied during drilling. The electric growth cone effectively makes up the defects of a manual growth cone, and solves a series of difficult problems of tree annual ring determination and the like, which are long in time consumption, complicated in steps and high in cost. However, the existing growth cones cannot accurately position whether the position of the core drilling strip can horizontally pass through the tree center point by adjusting the relevant devices of the equipment, and the drilling point can only be judged by the experience of an operator.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Not enough to prior art, the utility model provides a equipment that tree growth awl level passed the tree center point solves with this that how can comparatively accurate judgement bore the core strip of getting is the problem that the level passed the central point of trees.
An apparatus for making a tree growth cone horizontally pass through a tree center point comprises an electric growth cone and a tree center positioning device, wherein the tree center positioning device is detachably arranged under the electric growth cone,
caliper positioning device for ensuring that an electric growth cone does not deviate left and right when drilling a core strip and can pass through a tree center point, comprising a main device body rod, an adjusting rod and a cross rod, wherein the main device body rod comprises a left rod and a right rod which are symmetrically arranged, the upper end surfaces and the lower end surfaces of the left rod and the right rod are respectively provided with a sliding groove which is parallel to the extending direction of the left rod and the right rod, the adjusting rod is a two-end telescopic adjusting structure and is used for adjusting the distance between the left rod and the right rod, the two ends of the adjusting rod are provided with first sliding blocks, the first sliding blocks slide in the sliding grooves, the central position of the adjusting rod is provided with a buckle and is buckled with a clamping groove correspondingly arranged on the electric growth cone, the cross rod is a single-side telescopic structure, the two ends of the cross rod are also provided with the first sliding blocks and slide in the sliding grooves, one side of the cross rod far away from the adjusting rod is contacted, clamping blocks are oppositely arranged at one ends, far away from the adjusting rod, of the left rod and the right rod and used for clamping the rear side of the trunk;
two sets of triangle fixing device, respectively sliding connection in the left pole with the right side pole below sets up in the spout for fixed whole device is perpendicular with the trunk mutually, ensures that electronic growth awl can not take place skew from top to bottom in the middle of boring the process of getting the core strip, including riser and swash plate, the one end of riser with the one end of swash plate is articulated, the other end fixedly connected with second slider of riser, the other end of swash plate is articulated to be connected with the second slider, the second slider is in slide in the spout, two distance between the riser is less than the left pole with distance between the right side pole, perpendicular to on the second slider the spout runs through and is provided with the second screw hole, the threaded hole of second is provided with the bolt, is used for the fastening the second slider.
Preferably, the adjusting rod comprises a middle rod, screw rods are arranged at two ends of the middle rod, the adjusting rod further comprises two sleeves, a first threaded hole is formed in the central axis of each sleeve, the sleeves are in threaded connection with the middle rod, scale marks are arranged on the screw rods and used for marking the screwing-out length of the sleeves, a ball head is arranged at the other end of each sleeve, and the ball head is clamped in a spherical groove formed in the first sliding block and is rotatably connected with the spherical groove.
Preferably, the cross rod comprises an outer rod and an inner rod, the inner rod is sleeved in the outer rod, and a locking device is arranged at the joint of the inner rod and the outer rod.
Preferably, the inner rod is a threaded rod, one end of the inner rod is fixedly connected with the first sliding block, a third threaded hole is formed in the axis of the outer rod, the inner rod is in threaded connection with the inner rod, the ball head is arranged at the end, far away from the inner rod, of the outer rod, is clamped in the spherical groove formed in the first sliding block and is connected with the spherical groove in a rotating mode, and the locking device is a fastening nut and is arranged on the inner rod.
Additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by the practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the structure particularly pointed out in the written description and claims hereof as well as the appended drawings.
The technical solution of the present invention is further described in detail by the accompanying drawings and examples.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention, and together with the description serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention showing an apparatus for a tree growth cone horizontally passing through a center point of a tree;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of an adjusting rod structure in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a cross bar according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a triangular fixing device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are presented herein only to illustrate and explain the present invention, and not to limit the present invention.
As shown in figures 1 to 4, the utility model provides a device for a tree growth cone to horizontally pass through a tree center point, which comprises an electric growth cone 1 and a tree center positioning device, wherein the tree center positioning device is detachably arranged under the electric growth cone 1,
a caliper positioning device is used for ensuring that an electric growth cone does not deviate left and right when a core strip is drilled and can pass through a tree center point, and comprises a device main body rod 2, an adjusting rod 3 and a cross rod 4, wherein the device main body rod 2 comprises a left rod 2-1 and a right rod 2-2 which are symmetrically arranged, sliding grooves 5 which are parallel to the extending direction of the left rod 2-1 and the right rod 2-2 are respectively arranged on the upper end surface and the lower end surface of the left rod 2-1 and the right rod 2-2, the adjusting rod 3 is a structure with two ends capable of being adjusted in a telescopic mode and is used for adjusting the distance between the left rod 2-1 and the right rod 2-2, first sliding blocks 6 are arranged at the two ends of the adjusting rod 3, the first sliding blocks 6 slide in the sliding grooves 5, a buckle 7 is arranged in the central position of the adjusting rod 3 and is used for being buckled with clamping grooves correspondingly arranged on the electric, the cross rod 4 is of a single-side telescopic structure, the first sliding blocks 6 are also arranged at two ends of the cross rod and slide in the sliding grooves 5, one side, away from the adjusting rod 3, of the cross rod 4 is in contact with the front side of the trunk, and clamping blocks 10 are oppositely arranged at one ends, away from the adjusting rod 3, of the left rod 2-1 and the right rod 2-2 and used for clamping the rear side of the trunk;
two groups of triangular fixing devices 8 are respectively connected in the sliding groove 5 arranged below the left rod 2-1 and the right rod 2-2 in a sliding manner and used for fixing the whole device to be vertical to a trunk so as to ensure that an electric growth cone cannot deviate up and down in the process of drilling a core strip, the triangular fixing devices comprise a vertical plate 8-1 and an inclined plate 8-2, one end of the vertical plate 8-1 is hinged with one end of the inclined plate 8-2, the other end of the vertical plate 8-1 is fixedly connected with a second sliding block 9, the other end of the inclined plate 8-2 is hinged with the second sliding block 9, the second sliding block 9 slides in the sliding groove 5, the distance between the two vertical plates 8-1 is smaller than the distance between the left rod 2-1 and the right rod 2-2, and a second threaded hole 9-1 is arranged on the second sliding block 9 in a manner of penetrating through the sliding groove 5 in a manner vertical to, and a bolt 9-2 is arranged in the second threaded hole 9-1 and used for fastening the second sliding block 9.
In this embodiment, the adjusting rod 3 includes a middle rod 3-1, two ends of the middle rod 3-1 are provided with screws 3-2, the adjusting rod 3 further includes two sleeves 3-3, a central axis of the sleeves 3-3 is provided with a first threaded hole 3-4, the sleeves 3-3 are in threaded connection with the middle rod 3-1, the screws 3-2 are provided with scale marks for marking a screwing-out length of the sleeves 3-3, and a ball head is arranged at the other end of the sleeves 3-3, and is clamped in a spherical groove arranged on the first slider 6 and is rotatably connected with the spherical groove.
In the embodiment, the cross rod 4 comprises an outer rod 4-1 and an inner rod 4-2, the inner rod 4-2 is sleeved in the outer rod 4-1, and a locking device 4-3 is arranged at the joint of the inner rod 4-2 and the outer rod 4-1.
In this embodiment, the inner rod 4-2 is a threaded rod, one end of the threaded rod is fixedly connected with the first sliding block 6, a third threaded hole 4-4 is formed in an axial line position of the outer rod 4-1, the inner rod 4-2 is in threaded connection with the inner rod 4-1, the ball head is also arranged at one end of the outer rod 4-1, which is far away from the inner rod 4-2, the ball head is clamped in the spherical groove formed in the first sliding block 6 and is rotationally connected with the spherical groove, and the locking device 4-3 is a fastening nut and is arranged on the inner rod 4-2.
The working principle and the beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows:
when using, the length of pole and horizontal pole is adjusted in the first step, makes the distance between the fixture block on the left pole and the fixture block on the right pole be greater than the diameter of trunk, then blocks the trunk between horizontal pole and fixture block. The adjustment of the length of the adjusting rod is realized by rotating the sleeve. The length adjustment of the cross rod is realized by rotating the outer rod. When the length of the adjusting rod is adjusted, the screwed-out lengths of the two sleeves are the same by using the scale marks on the screw rod, so that the electric growth cone is ensured to drill into the center point of the trunk and the tree;
secondly, adjusting the position of the cross rod to enable the cross rod and the clamping block to clamp the front side and the rear side of the trunk, adjusting the lengths of the cross rod and the adjusting rod to enable the left rod and the right rod to be parallel and to clamp the left side and the right side of the trunk, enabling the growth cone not to displace in the front-rear and left-right directions when core strips are drilled, and after the length of the cross rod is adjusted, locking is achieved through nuts to prevent the cross rod from loosening due to vibration when the core strips are drilled;
thirdly, adjusting the position of the triangular fixing device to enable the vertical plate to abut against the trunk, so as to fix the whole device to be vertical to the trunk, so that the electric growth cone cannot deviate up and down when the core strip is drilled, and rotating the bolt on the second sliding block to enable the electric growth cone to be in contact with the sliding groove after the position is determined, so as to fix the position;
the fourth step, with the draw-in groove of electronic growth awl through its lower extreme setting and the buckle looks lock joint on adjusting the pole, fix on adjusting the pole, then start electronic growth awl, utilize to adjust the pole and slide on device main part pole, contact with the trunk and bore and get the core strip, the utility model provides an electronic growth awl is prior art.
The utility model discloses compare in prior art, the operator need not possess abundant practical experience and can make electronic trees growth awl level pass the tree heart with the help of tree heart positioner, the condition of reflection trees growth that the tree growth core strip that obtains more can be accurate. Under the fixed action of the tree center positioning device, most weight of the cone is born to a certain extent, and the electric growth conical drill coring strip is more labor-saving and time-saving in operation.
The content of the present invention, which is not described in detail, can be implemented by the prior art, and is not described in detail.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, if such modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the scope of the claims and their equivalents, the present invention is also intended to include such modifications and variations.

Claims (4)

1. The equipment for enabling the tree growth cone to horizontally penetrate through the tree center point is characterized by comprising an electric growth cone (1) and a tree center positioning device, wherein the tree center positioning device is detachably arranged under the electric growth cone (1),
caliper positioning device for ensure that the electric growth awl does not deviate left and right when drilling core strip, and can pass through the tree center point, comprising a main body rod (2), an adjusting rod (3) and a cross rod (4), wherein the main body rod (2) comprises a left rod (2-1) and a right rod (2-2) which are symmetrically arranged, the upper end surface and the lower end surface of the left rod (2-1) and the right rod (2-2) are both provided with a sliding chute (5) which is parallel to the extending direction of the left rod (2-1) and the right rod (2-2), the adjusting rod (3) is a two-end telescopic adjusting structure for adjusting the distance between the left rod (2-1) and the right rod (2-2), the two ends of the adjusting rod (3) are movably provided with a first sliding block (6), and the first sliding block (6) slides in the sliding chute (5), a buckle (7) is arranged at the central position of the adjusting rod (3) and is used for being buckled with a clamping groove correspondingly arranged on the electric growth cone, the cross rod (4) is of a unilateral telescopic structure, the two ends of the cross rod are also provided with the first sliding blocks (6) and slide in the sliding grooves (5), one side, far away from the adjusting rod (3), of the cross rod (4) is contacted with the front side of the trunk, and one ends, far away from the adjusting rod (3), of the left rod (2-1) and the right rod (2-2) are relatively provided with clamping blocks (10) for clamping the rear side of the trunk;
two sets of triangular fixing devices (8) are respectively connected in the sliding groove (5) arranged below the left rod (2-1) and the right rod (2-2) in a sliding manner and used for fixing the whole device to be vertical to a trunk, so that the electric growth cone can not deviate from the top to the bottom in the process of drilling a core strip, each triangular fixing device comprises a vertical plate (8-1) and an inclined plate (8-2), one end of the vertical plate (8-1) is hinged with one end of the inclined plate (8-2), the other end of the vertical plate (8-1) is fixedly connected with a second sliding block (9), the other end of the inclined plate (8-2) is hinged with the second sliding block (9), the second sliding block (9) slides in the sliding groove (5), and the distance between the two vertical plates (8-1) is smaller than the distance between the left rod (2-1) and the right rod (2-2), a second threaded hole (9-1) is formed in the second sliding block (9) in a penetrating mode and perpendicular to the sliding groove (5), and a bolt (9-2) is arranged in the second threaded hole (9-1) and used for fastening the second sliding block (9).
2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the tree growth cone passes horizontally through the center point of the tree, the adjusting rod (3) comprises a middle rod (3-1), two ends of the middle rod (3-1) are provided with screw rods (3-2), the adjusting rod (3) also comprises two sleeves (3-3), a first threaded hole (3-4) is arranged at the central axis of the sleeves (3-3), the sleeve (3-3) is in threaded connection with the middle rod (3-1), the screw rod (3-2) is provided with scale marks, is used for marking the screwing-out length of the sleeve (3-3), the other end of the sleeve (3-3) is provided with a ball head, the ball head is clamped in a spherical groove arranged on the first sliding block (6) and is rotationally connected with the spherical groove.
3. The equipment for enabling the tree growth cone to horizontally penetrate through the center point of a tree according to claim 1, wherein the cross rod (4) comprises an outer rod (4-1) and an inner rod (4-2), the inner rod (4-2) is sleeved in the outer rod (4-1), and a locking device (4-3) is arranged at the joint of the inner rod (4-2) and the outer rod (4-1).
4. The apparatus for horizontally penetrating a tree center point through a tree growth cone as claimed in claim 3, wherein the inner rod (4-2) is a threaded rod, one end of the threaded rod is fixedly connected with the first sliding block (6), a third threaded hole (4-4) is formed in the central axis of the outer rod (4-1), the inner rod (4-2) is in threaded connection with the outer rod (4-1), a ball head is also arranged at one end of the outer rod (4-1) far away from the inner rod (4-2), the ball head is clamped in a spherical groove formed in the first sliding block (6) and is rotatably connected with the spherical groove, and the locking device (4-3) is a fastening nut and is arranged on the inner rod (4-2).
CN201920067008.8U 2019-01-16 2019-01-16 Equipment for enabling tree growth cone to horizontally penetrate through tree center point Active CN209894510U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920067008.8U CN209894510U (en) 2019-01-16 2019-01-16 Equipment for enabling tree growth cone to horizontally penetrate through tree center point

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920067008.8U CN209894510U (en) 2019-01-16 2019-01-16 Equipment for enabling tree growth cone to horizontally penetrate through tree center point

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209894510U true CN209894510U (en) 2020-01-03

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920067008.8U Active CN209894510U (en) 2019-01-16 2019-01-16 Equipment for enabling tree growth cone to horizontally penetrate through tree center point

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CN (1) CN209894510U (en)

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