CN209706112U - A kind of energy-storage system - Google Patents

A kind of energy-storage system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209706112U
CN209706112U CN201920500241.0U CN201920500241U CN209706112U CN 209706112 U CN209706112 U CN 209706112U CN 201920500241 U CN201920500241 U CN 201920500241U CN 209706112 U CN209706112 U CN 209706112U
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coal dust
energy
tank body
coal
storage system
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郑宇松
郑翔书
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Chongqing Siji Jinbiao Technology Co.,Ltd.
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郑翔书
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of energy-storage systems, it is characterised in that: including pulverized coal preparation system and agitating heater;The pulverized coal preparation system includes milling equipment, and the milling equipment is used to raw coal being processed into coal dust;The agitating heater includes tank body, and the tank body top has feeding port, and the lower part of the tank body is equipped with the discharge port with switch;The tank body is internally provided with rotatable agitating shaft, and stirring blade is fixedly connected on the agitating shaft, and the outside of the tank body is fixedly installed with the driving motor for driving the agitating shaft;The tank body is equipped with the heating structure for heating to tank interior.The utility model energy-storage system have structure it is simple, be easy to manufacture and use, can industrialized scale accumulation of energy the advantages of.

Description

A kind of energy-storage system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to energy-storage method field, and in particular to a kind of energy-storage system.
Background technique
Accumulation of energy mainly stores electric energy or thermal energy.
At present in accumulation of energy side: existing way of energy storage mainly has mechanical accumulated energy (such as spring energy-storage), heat accumulation accumulation of energy, chemistry Accumulation of energy, water-storage etc., in addition to water-storage, there is the deficiency of " accumulation of energy energy is smaller, and accumulation of energy is limited " in other way of energy storage. At the same time, in existing way of energy storage, all only simple accumulation of energys, the production of not new value during the savings of energy It is raw.
In energy resource supply side: being that a large amount of light and heat energy are wasted first;Followed by, there are a large amount of abandonments, abandoning for new energy field Light, the situation for abandoning water (are limited to that generation of electricity by new energy itself fluctuation is larger, there are the unstable factors such as randomness, intermittence, meeting The reason of causing a hidden trouble to the safe operation of power grid, therefore yield wind energy, luminous energy and water energy, stop corresponding generating set or subtract Its few generated energy), the following contents is downloaded from " abandonment abandons light, abandons water: new energy " three abandon " is just continuous worsening ":
It is shown according to the statistical data of General Acadamy of Power Planning and Design, national abandonment electricity increased from 33,900,000,000 kilowatt hours in 2015 49,700,000,000 kilowatt hours in 2016 are added to, abandonment rate rises to about 17%.
The Northwest is sunny, is the important area of China's photovoltaic power generation in recent years.But investigation discovery 2016, is abandoned Light also occurs mainly in the Northwest, and abandoning optical quantum is increased to 7,000,000,000 kilowatt hours in 2016 by 4,900,000,000 kilowatt hours in 2015, It abandons light rate and improves 6 percentage points.
The investigation of General Acadamy of Power Planning and Design is found, 2016, is abandoned water and is occurred mainly in Sichuan, two province of Yunnan.And this two A province is the more flourishing region of China's water power, and data shows that the total reservoir storage of Drainage Area of Jinsha River planning is up to run-off 83%, Yangtze upriver areas total reservoir storage is up to the 61% of stream runoff, is more than that internationally recognized 40% water resource is opened Send out producing level warning line.Sichuan Province's whole year in 2016 is more than the increased digestion capability of system due to increasing hydropower installed capacity newly, And without newly-increased ability to send outside, abandoning energy is further increased, and about 14,200,000,000 kilowatt hours increase by about 39% on a year-on-year basis, creates nearly 5 years newly It is high.
In addition, there is also following shortcomings for the existing energy-storage method for abandonment or abandoning light:
For example, in the prior art the patent of notification number CN105371343B disclose it is " a kind of to abandon light heat supply using abandonment Boilers heated electrically storage heating system and its application method ", the technical solution can abandon light using abandonment to power to high pressure electric boiler Heat water, after heating water met into district heating demand as personnel.But the technical solution is that abandonment is abandoned to the energy of light Amount, is converted into thermal energy by high pressure electric boiler immediately, is immediately available for huge numbers of families' Home Heating and consumes after the energy heats water Expense falls the energy that light is abandoned in abandonment.So the technical solution can not carry out large-scale storage, also, heat for a long time to electricity is abandoned Energy transmit process loss is larger, therefore thermal energy is also difficult to realize Long Distant Transmit.
In addition, the document of notification number CN108039713A discloses " a kind of abandonment and extensive electric heat accumulation in the prior art With battery energy storage coordinated operation method ", but the energy of abandonment is converted into thermal energy or storage in the battery by the technical solution, is existed It is complicated for operation, stored energy capacitance is low, the shortcoming of battery easy attenuation loss at high cost.
To sum up, how to abandonment, abandon light, abandon water and using the relatively low nuclear power unit of hourage generated energy into The large-scale effective use of row, is always the technical problem that this field could not solve for a long time.
Based on the above background, how to provide one kind to be easily achieved, be capable of the energy-storage system of industrialized scale accumulation of energy, be urgently It need to consider the technical issues of solving.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above shortcomings of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to how to provide a kind of easy In realization, it is capable of the energy-storage system of industrialized scale accumulation of energy.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model uses the following technical solution:
A kind of energy-storage system, it is characterised in that: including pulverized coal preparation system and agitating heater;
The pulverized coal preparation system includes milling equipment, and the milling equipment is used to raw coal being processed into coal dust;
The agitating heater includes tank body, and the tank body top has feeding port, and the lower part of the tank body is equipped with band There is the discharge port of switch;The tank body is internally provided with rotatable agitating shaft, and stirring is fixedly connected on the agitating shaft With blade, the outside of the tank body is fixedly installed with the driving motor for driving the agitating shaft;The tank body be equipped with for pair The heating structure of tank interior heating.
Compared with the existing technology compared with the utility model energy-storage system has the advantage, that
1, there is the utility model energy-storage system easy to implement, safe and environment-friendly, accumulation of energy time length, accumulation of energy to be reliable, easy to make With with use more flexible advantage.
Because the surface area of coal dust is big, it is in contact with the oxygen in air and is easy to cause spontaneous combustion and explosion;So existing In technology, coal dust is sent in Industrial Boiler rapidly by air blast or negative pressure equipment immediately after wearing into coal dust by flour mill Burning use is fallen.
Hydrophobic type coal dust very can be readily made using the energy-storage system of the utility model, hydrophobic type coal dust passes through it The hydrophobic material on surface to enable itself waterproof and to be opened with air insulated, so as to realize the long-time of safety and nondestructive consumption (as unit of year) storage, and it is also more safe and environment-friendly during transportation.Hydrophobic type coal dust cannot be only used for in thermal power plant Industrial Boiler use generate electricity, can also be easy to be used in Industrial Stoves to be also easy to make using coal dust to process the products such as porcelain Obtain coal gas;Therefore has the advantages that easy to use and use more flexible.
At the same time, hydrophobic type coal dust is in burning, and real-time manufacturing on the spot, being used while making, and when non-hydrophobic type is handled Coal dust property it is the same.It is same to have burning rapid.Therefore very little is lost in accumulation of energy, energy storage effect is excellent.
2, it is easy to the generated electricity for making full use of abandonment, abandoning light, abandoning water and the nuclear power unit for utilizing hourage relatively low Can, and realize the accumulation of energy of industrialization and scale.
Firstly, powder manufacturing apparatus is existing equipment, it is easy to largely purchase and install and use, and the number of units of powder manufacturing apparatus can be passed through Instantaneously to adapt to wind energy, photovoltaic power generation or hydroelectric intermittent feature and power grid trough-electricity not with variable (electricity consumption) power The input (thering are more electric energy just more to open powder manufacturing apparatus, less electric energy just opens powder manufacturing apparatus less) of timing, namely have wind, light Water etc. produces electricl energy just powder processed, the energy such as calm, unglazed, anhydrous just powder not processed.Wind is big (light intensity), just more systems.Wind is small (light is weak) Just few system.And so on.
By upper, the energy-storage system of this programme can adequately absorb abandonment, abandon light, abandon water and utilize hourage relatively low The generated energy of nuclear power unit overcomes the utilization problem of " abandonment abandons light and abandons water " of long-standing problem this field.
3, remarkable in economical benefits.
Firstly, because coal dust can be improved efficiency of fire coal compared to having bigger surface area for coal cinder, fever is improved Amount.Therefore the coal dust of Unit Weight can discharge more thermal energy compared to the coal cinder of equivalent weight, that is, the energy storage density of coal dust It is higher with energy releasing efficiency.
Then, because China western part (for example, Xinjiang) and the Northwest (for example, Gansu or Inner Mongol) coal storage resource is rich Richness, most of coal storage it is resourceful be also photoelectricity, wind-powered electricity generation production capacity aggregation area (for example, Hami city and Xinjiang Tuoli County).
Such as: Xinjiang thermal coal is from Xinjiang various regions through transporting for long-distance to user, and will consuming station service, (can surf the Internet electricity Amount) come powder processed, usually to high-efficient thermal power plant, coal dust, which is made, in one ton of coal needs 20 kilowatt hour of power consumption or more.Therefore, if by coal Just consumption low-quality energy (for abandonment, abandons light, abandoning water and using caused by the relatively low nuclear power unit of hourage before shipping Energy) be made into coal dust, coal dust per ton in this way compared with raw coal with regard to more accumulation of energys at least 20 kilowatt hours more than.If by 1,000 ten thousand tons Coal dust, which is made, just in coal needs 200,000,000 kilowatt hour of power consumption.It is equivalent to 7000 hours full generated energy of one 30,000 (kW) unit.
Currently, 1.6 hundred million tons of the every annual output steam coal in Xinjiang, is all that can surf the Internet after coal dust is made in electricity to make in user terminal consumption With.Need to consume every year can be more than 3,200,000,000 kilowatt hour of electricity volume.
Meanwhile 132.5 hundred million kilowatt hour of Xinjiang whole year abandonment electricity in 2017,28.2 hundred million kilowatt hour of optical quantum is abandoned, is added up to 160.7 hundred million kilowatt hours are able to satisfy the powder electricity consumption processed of 800,000,000 tons of coals.Therefore after the energy-storage system of use the utility model, it can incite somebody to action The abandonment electricity and abandoning optical quantum of Xinjiang region make full use of, and the portion of energy is saved in the form of hydrophobic type coal dust Come.
Therefore using the energy-storage system of the utility model after, be easy to each generation of electricity by new energy field, producing coal (benefit Electricity or trough-electricity are abandoned with new energy) or coal distribution centre (abandoning electricity or trough-electricity using new energy) implementation, and make full use of The energy that good new energy generates avoids huge waste caused by shutting down;At the same time, hydrophobic type coal dust obtained is used for thermoelectricity After factory or Industrial Boiler, additionally it is possible to reduce thermal power plant or Industrial Boiler and directly be prepared using " general industry peak of power consumption electricity price " Coal dust, so that the use unit of thermal power plant or Industrial Boiler is helped to reduce expenses, Improve Efficiency.As it can be seen that the storage of the utility model Energy system can generate significant overall economic efficiency.
Note: by taking photovoltaic power generation as an example, in recent years, inefficient product is quickly eliminated by market, and high efficiency products not only become main Stream, price also constantly decline.Nowadays, such as in India, the price of photovoltaic power generation is that 0.04 dollar of every kilowatt hour (is converted by 1 dollar 6.7 yuans of the exchange rate is changed to calculate, then is 0.27 yuan of every kilowatt hour of RMB), it is also lower than the price of thermoelectricity.
Currently, China equally carries out " time-of-use tariffs " with many countries in the world.By taking Jiangsu as an example, general industry is used Electric peak electricity tariff is about every 1.4 yuan or so of degree, and low ebb electricity price is about 0.4 yuan or so;And external electricity price price differential easily 5 times with On.After German new energy participation is bidded, due to there is government subsidy, when wind-powered electricity generation is more, negative electricity valence is usually quoted.
To sum up, after using the energy-storage system of the utility model, economic benefit will be more significant.
4, it helps to realize a kind of more preferably power supply mode.
After the energy-storage system of the utility model, abandons electricity or trough-electricity by current and process obtained hydrophobic moulded coal Powder (and the cost of hydrophobic type coal dust is also lower);Then, in electricity peak period, thermal power plant can largely using hydrophobic type coal dust come Power generation is to meet on-peak demand.In this way the energy of electricity or trough-electricity can will be abandoned by the energy-storage system of the utility model Amount savings in the form of hydrophobic type coal dust are got up, and are used for peak times of power consumption " filling out peak ", so as to help so that entire power grid It is more steady reliable, and obtain more preferably comprehensive utilization rate of energy source.
5, accumulation of energy that can be more flexible is realized " with can be without timeliness ".
" with can be without timeliness " refers to energy consumption system consumption electric energy and to generate work achievement unrelated with the time that electric energy inputs. As long as there is electric energy input whenever and wherever possible, work achievement is generated.Instantaneous inputing power is more, the work achievement instantaneously generated Directly proportional increase.
Currently, after coal dust is made in global coal, in transit due to coal dust, after contacting with the air, with fugitive dust, certainly Combustion, explosive, volatile matter are easily precipitated compared with lump coal transports, since the effect of the moisture absorption and oxidation leads to the factors such as calorific value decline, So that coal dust can neither conventional storage, can not routinely transport safely over long distances.Therefore coal can only be transported to each dispersion After user, coal dust just is made in coal and must use that (coal dust category second level combustible and explosive articles, must not contact with air immediately In the case where mass storage).This makes the cost of powder electricity consumption processed be exactly the electricity price of user locality or the rate for incorporation into the power network of user's power generation. Although coal centralized system is met to the requirement " with can be without timeliness " at coal dust, but since the characteristic that coal dust is difficult to store and transport makes The advantage for obtaining this " with can be without timeliness " cannot be embodied in economic benefit.
The coal dust of what coal (including lignite) nothing during long term storage and long-distance transport can be made using the utility model The loss of any weight and quality, the generation for the problems such as preventing spontaneous combustion, fugitive dust, the moisture absorption completely;So hydrophobicity coal dust can be with close It closes vehicle storage and pneumatic equipment is loaded and unloaded.In this way in the pulverizing process of coal before shipping, so that it may be set using adjusting powder The quantity of coal pulverizer operation in standby and power meet the needs of wind-powered electricity generation, the randomness of photovoltaic or water power power generation, fluctuation, energy The variation for effectively adjusting network voltage, frequency and phase caused by generation of electricity by new energy keeps large-scale wind power and photovoltaic power generation convenient It is incorporated to normal grid reliably for " centralized system carrys out storage energy in the form of hydrophobic type coal dust for hydrophobic type coal dust ".Cause This, is made hydrophobic type coal dust for raw coal concentration, is the requirement met " with can be without timeliness ".
6, hydrophobic type coal dust is easy to convey using aqueduct, more significantly reduces use cost.
Exactly because hydrophobic type coal dust can waterproof, therefore can directly be conveyed by aqueduct, accordingly even when it is defeated Cost is sent substantially to be lower than iron tyre transportation cost and automotive cost, acquisition is significantly more to use advantage;Also as aqueduct It builds difficulty and construction cost is lower, therefore can directly laying water pipes be used with coal dust with manufacturing to connect hydrophobic type coal dust Region or single user, so that using for hydrophobic type coal dust is more convenient.
7, it transports and storage loss is low, economic benefit is more excellent.
State Bureau of Building Materials Industry provides: the quota proportion of goods damageds of large raw material are respectively as follows: coal≤4%, grain slag≤5%, iron powder (sulfate slag)≤3%, gypsum≤3%.Coal can be lost with the wind due to wind-force etc. in storage, transportational process, shed and raise Dirt.According to statistics, at present in the transportational processes such as railway, highway, primary to transport coal loss about 0.8% -1%, transport (transhipment) is secondary Number is more, is lost bigger.
Coal stores calorific value in 1 year in air can reduce ratio about are as follows: 8 to 30%.Wherein, smokeless calorific value of coal reduce compared with Few, lignite calorific value reduces highest.
By upper, existing coal has detraction using automotive or railway transportation (breakage is brushed or leaked and spills);And coal is aerobic Meeting exothermic oxidation is stored in environment and reduces calorific value (so that heat reduction of final burning release).
The hydrophobic type coal dust accumulation of energy produced using the utility model energy-storage system, (such as: packaging using closed vehicle Case, or the tank body with closed charging door and/or closed material taking mouth) hydrophobic type coal dust is loaded, consequently facilitating automotive Or railway transportation, and fugitive dust and leakage is avoided to spill loss, it is effectively reduced or avoid transport to be lost, and the feature of environmental protection of Lifting Convey.
In addition, the hydrophobic type coal dust accumulation of energy produced using the utility model energy-storage system, it is defeated to can also be used hydraulic pipe It send, for automotive or railway transportation, and further can substantially convey cost, promote economic benefit.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the first embodiment of the utility model energy-storage system.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of second of embodiment of the utility model energy-storage system.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the third embodiment of the utility model energy-storage system.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the 4th kind of embodiment of the utility model energy-storage system.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram that pneumatic transmission formula pipeline coal dust feeds device in Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the 5th kind of embodiment of the utility model energy-storage system.
Fig. 7 is that the structural schematic diagram that piston type pipeline coal dust feeds device in Fig. 6 (is in the shape equipped with hydrophobic type coal dust State).
Fig. 8 is that the structural schematic diagram that piston type pipeline coal dust feeds device in Fig. 6 (is in conveyance conduit and feeds hydrophobic The state of moulded coal powder).
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of the 6th kind of embodiment of the utility model energy-storage system.
In the figure, it is marked as
A electric energy;
B raw coal;
C water;
1 powder manufacturing apparatus;
2 agitating heaters;
3 mixers;
4 feeding pumps;
5 diaphragm pumps;
6 conveyance conduits;
7 material ponds;
8 energy-dissipating structures;
9 ceramic negative pressure filtration equipment;
10 with preceding storage storehouse;
11 coal dusts temporarily store storehouse;
12 hydrophobic coal dusts store storehouse;
13 pneumatic transmission formula pipelines feed device (1301 handling tubes, 1302 booster pumps) with coal dust;
14 piston type pipelines feed device (1401 piston cylinders, 1402 power cylinders, 1403 pistons) with coal dust;
15 closed vehicles.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.
The first embodiment of energy-storage system, as shown in Figure 1:
Energy-storage system includes pulverized coal preparation system and agitating heater 2;
The pulverized coal preparation system includes milling equipment, and the milling equipment is used to raw coal being processed into coal dust;
The agitating heater 2 includes tank body, and the tank body top has feeding port, and the lower part of the tank body is equipped with band There is the discharge port of switch;The tank body is internally provided with rotatable agitating shaft, and stirring is fixedly connected on the agitating shaft With blade, the outside of the tank body is fixedly installed with the driving motor for driving the agitating shaft;The tank body be equipped with for pair The heating structure of tank interior heating.
The working principle of above-mentioned energy-storage system are as follows:
It can easily utilize (abandonment abandons light or abandons water) electric energy come so that milling equipment wears into raw coal with milling equipment Coal dust;Then, it can also easily utilize (abandonment abandons light or abandons water) electric energy come in addition tank body with agitating heater 2 The coal dust and hydrophobic material in portion are stirred and electric heating, and hydrophobic type coal dust is finally made, and in the form of hydrophobic type coal dust Carry out storage energy.
The advantages of above-mentioned energy-storage system, is:
Wind energy, light can be instantaneously adapted to by the number of units of pulverized coal preparation system and agitating heater 2 and variable (electricity consumption) power The input of volt power generation or the not timing of hydroelectric intermittent feature and power grid trough-electricity (has more electric energy just to open system more Powder equipment 1, less electric energy just open powder manufacturing apparatus 1 less), namely have wind, light water etc. and produce electricl energy just powder processed, calm, unglazed, nothing The energy such as water just powder not processed.Wind is big (light intensity), just more systems.Wind small (light is weak) is just few to be made.And so on.
Therefore above-mentioned energy-storage system uses a kind of new way and carrys out stored energy, and structure is simple, cost It is low, it is easy to implement (manufacture and install and use) rapidly.
When implementation, the milling equipment is any one or more in coal pulverizer, ball mill and flour mill.
Above-mentioned milling equipment, which is able to achieve, is processed as coal dust for raw coal, can flexibly be selected according to buying and use demand.
When implementation, the pulverized coal preparation system further includes raw coal hopper and conveying equipment, and the raw coal hopper is used to contain raw coal, The delivery outlet of the raw coal feed hopper bottom is connected with the input terminal of the conveying equipment, the output end delivery of the conveying equipment Raw coal is to the input port of the milling equipment.
Belt feeder or screw conveyor can be used in above-mentioned conveying equipment.
Using after above-mentioned raw coal hopper and conveying equipment, it can be achieved that the Automatic-feeding of raw coal, improves the infeed efficiency of raw coal.
It is defeated by auger between the delivery outlet of the milling equipment and the feeding port of the agitating heater 2 when implementation Machine is sent to be connected.
So, coal dust easily can be delivered to agitating heater 2.
When implementation, the tank body is the tank structure of lateral arrangement, and the bottom of the tank body is bucket type structure and the bucket type The outlet at bottom of structure constitutes the discharge port;The agitating shaft is axial consistent with the tank body.
After the tank structure of lateral arrangement, the bulk deposition that coal dust is locally located in tank body can be avoided, avoid big Obstruction of the coal dust to stirring blade for measuring accumulation more preferably ensures the uniformity of tank intracorporal stirring and heating.
When implementation, the heating structure includes the interlayer space that is arranged of interior in tank body, in the interlayer space Filled with heat medium, it is additionally provided on the tank body for the medium input port of heat medium inflow and is situated between for the heating The medium delivery outlet that mass flow goes out;
The heating structure further includes heating furnace, and the heating furnace is electrical heating type or light heated type;The heating furnace is used It is heated in the heat medium, and the top of the heating furnace is equipped with return, the lower part of the heating furnace is equipped with Output interface;
The heating structure further includes centrifugal pump, and the output interface of the input port of the centrifugal pump and the heating furnace connects Logical, the delivery outlet of the centrifugal pump is connected to the medium input port on the tank body, and the medium delivery outlet on the tank body passes through Pipeline is connected to the return on the heating furnace.
Above-mentioned heat medium can be any one in heating oil or water.
After above-mentioned heating structure, light easily can be abandoned using abandonment or abandon the electric energy of water, alternatively, trough-electricity comes in fact It is now evenly heated and hydrophobic type coal dust is made.
Above-mentioned energy-storage system further includes transportation system:
The transportation system includes closed vehicle and/or coal dust water mix conveying appliance, wherein the closed vehicle Inside has the cavity for being packed into hydrophobic type coal dust;The coal dust water mix conveying appliance is used for hydrophobic type coal dust and water phase It is conveyed after mixing.
The coal dust water mix conveying appliance includes mixer 3, delivery pump and conveyance conduit;
The mixer 3 includes mixing pit, and the mixing pit is internally provided with rotatable agitating shaft, described to stir It mixes on axis with stirring blade;Coal dust feeding port and feed water inlet are provided on the mixing pit;
One end of the conveyance conduit is suction side, and the other end is output end;The suction side is interior with the mixing pit Bottom connection;
The delivery pump is fixedly installed on the conveyance conduit, the delivery pump is used for the coal dust water in conveyance conduit Mixture is conveyed.
The advantages of above-mentioned transportation system, is:
1, the area of more water shortage can be preferably suitable for.
Because after mixing using mixer 3 water and hydrophobic type coal dust ratio can be greatly improved, highest may make The volume that hydrophobic type coal dust accounts for water reaches 55%, so that coal dust aqueous mixtures mobility still with higher, is easy in conveyance conduit The reliable delivery as water.
So this programme can be improved the accounting of hydrophobic type coal dust in water, the water consumption of pulverized coal conveying is reduced, thus more suitable It is used in the region of more water shortage.
2, it can preferably measure.
After mixing using mixer 3, it can preferably realize that coal dust aqueous mixtures hydrophobic type coal dust and water have perseverance Fixed volume ratio, convenient for calculating the volume and quality of outer defeated hydrophobic type coal dust by the flow of output, it is accurate preferably to realize Metering.
3, structure is simple, is easy to manufacture and use.
The composition of the transportation system is simple, and existing matured product can be used in respective members, therefore has and be easy to purchase, system The advantages of making and build and using.
4, conveying environmental protection, at low cost, transfer efficiency height.
Conveyance conduit can be directly mounted at ground or shallow embedding construction, and then can reduce construction cost.
Compared to railway transportation, hydrophobic type coal dust is transported using pipeline can reduce 50% or more transportation cost.And not It is influenced by transport power.Compared to highway transportation, transported using pipeline hydrophobic type coal dust can reduce 70% or more transport at This.And it is not influenced by weather and road conditions.
In addition, fugitive dust can not only preferably be avoided by transporting hydrophobic type coal dust using pipeline, additionally it is possible to directly using dirty Water conveys, and the requirement for reducing conveying water simultaneously further decreases conveying cost, also, hydrophobic type coal dust is conveyed using sewage, Dirt more in sewage can be adhered by its biggish surface area for hydrophobic type coal dust, to also act as the work of certain purification sewage With.
When implementation, the delivery pump includes feeding pump 4 and diaphragm pump 5, and the feeding pump 4 and diaphragm pump 5 are along the conveying The conveying direction of pipeline is set gradually from front to back.
Using the structure of feeding pump 4 and diaphragm pump 5, it may make that hydrophobic type coal dust accounts for the volume of water most in coal dust aqueous mixtures It, also being capable of smooth delivery of power up to 55%, it is ensured that the reliability of hydrophobic type coal dust conveying.
When implementation, the transportation system further includes material pond 7, and the output end of the conveyance conduit and the material pond 7 connect Logical, the material pond 7 is used to be mounted on conveying destination and for converging the coal dust aqueous mixtures exported by conveyance conduit.
Convenient for converging and store coal dust aqueous mixtures in conveying purpose after arranging thing material pond 7.
The transportation system further includes energy-dissipating structure 8, and the energy-dissipating structure 8 is arranged close to the described defeated of the material pond 7 It send on pipeline, and the energy-dissipating structure 8 is used to lower the impact force of the coal dust aqueous mixtures in the conveyance conduit.
After energy-dissipating structure 8 is set, the impact force to coal dust aqueous mixtures storage equipment can avoid, preferably convey after protection The reservoir of end.
When implementation, the energy-dissipating structure 8 is stilling pool slab or energy dissipating valve.
Stilling pool slab (also referred to as " energy dissipating well ") and energy dissipating valve can reduce water flow dynamic energy, play the role of ideal energy dissipating.
The transportation system further includes dehydration equipment, and the feeding port of the dehydration equipment passes through pipeline and the material pond 7 Connection.
It in this way can be by dehydration equipment come so that hydrophobic type coal dust is separated from the water.
When implementation, the dehydration equipment is ceramic negative pressure filtration equipment 9.
When implementation, the transportation system further includes with preceding storage storehouse 10, and the discharge port of the dehydration equipment is defeated by belt Machine and the discharge port of the dehydration equipment is sent to be connected to.
Second of embodiment of energy-storage system, as shown in Figure 2:
When implementation, it is preferable that be additionally provided with a coal dust between pulverized coal preparation system and agitating heater 2 and temporarily store storehouse 11, the discharge port that the coal dust temporarily stores storehouse 11 passes through the coal dust feed inlet of screw conveyor and the agitating heater 2 It is connected.
When implementation, the pulverized coal preparation system further includes Pneumatic conveyer (not shown), the Pneumatic conveyer packet Include feeding intermediate tank, vacuum pump and suction line, the tank structure of the feeding intermediate tank integral sealing, and the feeding intermediate tank Bottom be cone bucket type structure;
The vacuum pump is connected to by pipeline with the inside of the feeding intermediate tank;
One end of the suction line is suction side, and the other end is output end;The discharge port of the suction side and milling equipment Connection, the output end are connected to the tank interior of the feeding intermediate tank.
Above-mentioned Pneumatic conveyer has the advantage that
1, coal dust will not be leaked from system, and the feature of environmental protection is good;
2, pressure is low, and conveying is reliable, and equipment is simple, small investment;
3, Yi Shixian multiple feed is easy to be used cooperatively with mostly set milling equipment;
4, using suction of speaking out of turn, the dust from flying of feed points is avoided;
The third embodiment of energy-storage system, as shown in Figure 3:
When implementation, energy-storage system further includes hydrophobic coal dust storage storehouse 12, and the discharge port of the agitating heater 2 passes through strand Imperial conveyer is connected with the feed inlet in hydrophobic coal dust storage storehouse 12.
After storing storehouse 12 using hydrophobic coal dust, hydrophobic coal dust can be largely stored, preferably balances the preparation of hydrophobic coal dust With it is outer defeated.
4th kind of embodiment of energy-storage system, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5:
The present embodiment with energy-storage system the third embodiment the difference is that: fed using pneumatic transmission formula pipeline with coal dust Device 13 replaces mixer, and it includes handling tube 1301 and booster pump 1302 that pneumatic transmission formula pipeline coal dust, which feeds device 13, Wherein, coal dust is provided with for entrance on 1301 side wall of handling tube, and the coal dust is equipped with for inlet for coal dust electricity consumption control valve, 1301 bottom of handling tube is connected by the pipeline with supply conduit electrically-controlled valve with conveyance conduit;The handling tube Boost port is additionally provided on 1301 side wall, it is solid by seal for pipe joints between the air supply opening and the boost port of the booster pump 1302 Fixed connection.
Above-mentioned pneumatic transmission formula pipeline feeds device 13 when in use with coal dust:
Firstly, close supply conduit electrically-controlled valve and booster pump 1302, open for coal dust electricity consumption control valve and to handling tube Hydrophobic type coal dust is persistently fed in 1301;
Then, coal dust electrically-controlled valve and supply conduit electrically-controlled valve are closed, opens booster pump 1302 to increase handling tube 1301 air pressure simultaneously makes the air pressure be greater than the hydraulic pressure in conveyance conduit;
Finally, opening supply conduit electrically-controlled valve, so that handling tube 1301 sprays into conveyance conduit under gas pressure, complete Conveying.
5th kind of embodiment of energy-storage system, as shown in Figure 6 to 8:
The present embodiment with energy-storage system the third embodiment the difference is that: fed using piston type pipeline with coal dust Device 14 replaces mixer, and it includes piston cylinder 1401 that piston type pipeline coal dust, which feeds device 14, power cylinder 1402 is living Plug 1403;
The lower end of institute's piston cylinder 1401 is connected to by flange with conveyance conduit sealing;It is arranged on the side wall of institute's piston cylinder 1401 There is coal dust for entrance;
The power cylinder 1402 is fixedly mounted on the upper surface of the piston cylinder 1401, and the push rod of the power cylinder 1402 Positioned at the piston cylinder 1401 and it is fixed with the piston 1403;
The piston includes the two boards fixed along the push rod axially spaced-apart, the circumferential edge of two boards and the piston It is slidingly sealed and is connected between 1401 inner sidewalls of cylinder;Space between two boards constitutes coal dust and is packed into chamber, and the coal dust is packed into chamber It is able to enter in conveyance conduit under push rod promotion;
Above-mentioned piston type pipeline feeds device 14 when in use with coal dust:
Firstly, push rod return, states coal dust for entrance by coal dust upwards and is packed into chamber loading hydrophobic type coal dust;
Then, push rod presumption piston move down and make the coal dust between two boards be packed into intracavitary hydrophobic type coal dust feed it is defeated It send in pipeline, hydrophobic type coal dust is in conveyance conduit completely into carrying out Hydraulic transportation in conveyance conduit under flow action.
Finally, push rod return again.
6th kind of embodiment of energy-storage system, as shown in Figure 9:
Above five kinds of embodiments are that hydrophobic type coal dust is conveyed using hydraulic pipe.The present embodiment difference with above five kinds Embodiment, the present embodiment load hydrophobic type coal dust using closed vehicle, and eventually by automotive or train carry out carrying this is close Vehicle is closed, conveying is finally completed.
Above-mentioned closed vehicle can be container, or with closed charging door and/or closed material taking mouth Tank body.
The above is only the utility model preferred embodiments, it is noted that not taking off for those skilled in the art Under the premise of from the technical program, the technical solution for the several modifications and improvements made should equally be contemplated as falling within the claims Claimed range.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of energy-storage system, it is characterised in that: including pulverized coal preparation system and agitating heater;
The pulverized coal preparation system includes milling equipment, and the milling equipment is used to raw coal being processed into coal dust;
The agitating heater includes tank body, and the tank body top has feeding port, and the lower part of the tank body is equipped with to have and open The discharge port of pass;The tank body is internally provided with rotatable agitating shaft, and stirring leaf is fixedly connected on the agitating shaft Piece, the outside of the tank body are fixedly installed with the driving motor for driving the agitating shaft;The tank body is equipped with for tank body The heating structure of inside heating.
2. energy-storage system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the milling equipment is coal pulverizer, ball mill and mill Any one or more in powder machine.
3. energy-storage system according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the pulverized coal preparation system further include raw coal hopper and Conveying equipment, for the raw coal hopper for containing raw coal, the delivery outlet of the raw coal feed hopper bottom is defeated with the conveying equipment Enter end to be connected, the output end of the conveying equipment is sent raw coal to the input port of the milling equipment.
4. energy-storage system according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the delivery outlet of the milling equipment is stirred with described It mixes and is connected between the feeding port of heating device by screw conveyor.
5. energy-storage system according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the tank body is the tank structure of lateral arrangement, The bottom of the tank body is bucket type structure and the outlet at bottom composition discharge port of the bucket type structure;The agitating shaft with it is described The axial direction of tank body is consistent.
6. energy-storage system according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the heating structure includes the side wall in tank body The interlayer space of inside setting, the interlayer space is interior to be filled with heat medium, is additionally provided on the tank body for the heating The medium input port that medium flows into and the medium delivery outlet for heat medium outflow;
The heating structure further includes heating furnace, and the heating furnace is electrical heating type or light heated type;The heating furnace for pair The heat medium is heated, and the top of the heating furnace is equipped with return, and the lower part of the heating furnace is equipped with output Interface;
The heating structure further includes centrifugal pump, and the input port of the centrifugal pump is connected to the output interface of the heating furnace, institute The delivery outlet for stating centrifugal pump is connected to the medium input port on the tank body, the medium delivery outlet on the tank body by pipeline with Return connection on the heating furnace.
7. energy-storage system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the heat medium is any one in heating oil or water Kind.
8. energy-storage system according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: further include transportation system:
The transportation system includes closed vehicle and/or coal dust water mix conveying appliance, wherein the closed vehicle is used for It is packed into hydrophobic type coal dust;The coal dust water mix conveying appliance is used for hydrophobic type coal dust is mixed with water.
9. energy-storage system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the coal dust water mix conveying appliance includes that stirring is mixed Clutch, delivery pump and conveyance conduit;
The mixer includes mixing pit, and the mixing pit is internally provided with rotatable agitating shaft, the agitating shaft It is upper to have stirring blade;Coal dust feeding port and feed water inlet are provided on the mixing pit;
One end of the conveyance conduit is suction side, and the other end is output end;The interior bottom of the suction side and the mixing pit Connection;
The delivery pump is fixedly installed on the conveyance conduit, the delivery pump is used to mix the coal dust water in conveyance conduit Object is conveyed.
10. energy-storage system according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the delivery pump includes feeding pump and diaphragm pump, institute The conveying direction that feeding pump and diaphragm pump are stated along the conveyance conduit is set gradually from front to back.
11. energy-storage system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the coal dust water mix conveying appliance includes pneumatic transmission Formula pipeline feeds device and conveyance conduit with coal dust;
It includes handling tube and booster pump that the pneumatic transmission formula pipeline coal dust, which feeds device, is provided with coal dust on the handling tube side wall For entrance, and the coal dust is equipped with for inlet for coal dust electricity consumption control valve, and the handling tube bottom is by having supply conduit electricity consumption The pipeline of control valve is connected with conveyance conduit;Boost port, the air supply opening of the booster pump are additionally provided on the side wall of the handling tube It is connected between the boost port by seal for pipe joints fixation.
12. energy-storage system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the coal dust water mix conveying appliance includes piston Formula pipeline feeds device and conveyance conduit with coal dust;
It includes piston cylinder, power cylinder, piston that piston type pipeline coal dust, which feeds device,;
The lower end of institute's piston cylinder is connected to by flange with conveyance conduit sealing;Coal dust infeed is provided on the side wall of institute's piston cylinder Mouthful;
The power cylinder is fixedly mounted on the upper surface of the piston cylinder, and the push rod of the power cylinder be located at the piston cylinder and It is fixed with the piston;
The piston includes the two boards fixed along the push rod axially spaced-apart, in the circumferential edge of two boards and the piston cylinder It is slidingly sealed and is connected between side wall;Space between two boards constitutes coal dust and is packed into chamber, and the coal dust is packed into chamber and pushes away described Bar is able to enter in conveyance conduit under pushing.
CN201920500241.0U 2019-04-15 2019-04-15 A kind of energy-storage system Active CN209706112U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920500241.0U CN209706112U (en) 2019-04-15 2019-04-15 A kind of energy-storage system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920500241.0U CN209706112U (en) 2019-04-15 2019-04-15 A kind of energy-storage system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Country Link
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Effective date of registration: 20210927

Address after: 401120 room 10-2, building 6, No. 89, Jinyu Avenue, Yuanyang street, Yubei District, Chongqing

Patentee after: Chongqing Siji Jinbiao Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 400030 22-8, No. 40-1, Xiaolongkan new street, Shapingba District, Chongqing

Patentee before: Zheng Xiangshu