Dispatching of power netwoks is to guarantee power network safety operation, external reliable power supply, guarantee all kinds of power generation work
A kind of effective management means for orderly carrying out and using.The specific works content of power scheduling is set according to various information acquisition
The information that the standby data information fed back or monitoring personnel provide, in conjunction with power grid actual operation parameters, such as voltage, circuit, frequency
Rate, load etc. comprehensively consider every production work development condition, judge power grid security, economical operation state, pass through electricity
Words or automatic system issue operational order, and commander site operation personnel or automatic control system are adjusted, and such as adjust generator
Power output, Load adjustment distribution, switched capacitor, reactor etc., so that it is guaranteed that power grid continues safe and stable operation.
During operation of power networks, usually pass through alarm, configuration, performance data of the Data Acquisition and Communication System to each substation
Received and be uploaded to grid dispatching center, grid dispatching center according to the data being collected into, coordinated, organized, being commanded,
Power grid related work is instructed, to ensure the safe operation of power supply.In grid operation, traditional electric power dispatching exchange network network
The network structure of only one switching node, this form is weak, does not form network routing detour protection, poor reliability.With
The fast development of power grid construction, substation, concentrator station etc. dispatching of power netwoks is communicated and proposes requirements at the higher level, need more reliable, more
Stable data transmission network, to ensure the stability of dispatching of power netwoks data acquisition.
Utility model content
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide it is a kind of for the communication system of power grids scheduling
Data collection system is capable of providing the data transmission link of redundancy, it is ensured that the stability of dispatching of power netwoks data acquisition.
The purpose of this utility model adopts the following technical scheme that realization:
A kind of data collection system for communication system of power grids scheduling, including dispatching terminal router, interchanger and acquisition service
Device, the interchanger are communicated to connect with the dispatching terminal router, the acquisition server respectively, the acquisition server communication
Control centre is connected, the dispatching terminal router is used to the scheduling data of each substation being uploaded to described adopt by the interchanger
Collect server, the dispatching terminal router includes redundant power；The interchanger is redundance type interchanger, the interchanger packet
It includes the first exchange snap-gauge and the second exchange snap-gauge, the first exchange board and the second power board card is interconnected by stacking opening
Constitute redundancy backup link.
Further, the first exchange board, the second exchange board include redundancy processing module, PHY module
With MAC Switching Module；The MAC Switching Module is equipped with the communication interface for access network based on ethernet；The PHY module with it is described
The connection of MAC Switching Module；CPU and the stacking opening are integrated in the MAC Switching Module.
Further, the dispatching terminal router includes access-layer router, convergence layer router and core layer router,
The access-layer router receives the scheduling data of each substation and is uploaded to the convergence layer router of corresponding subregion, each
The convergence layer router of subregion will dispatch data and be uploaded to the core layer router, the core layer router with it is described
Switch communication connection.
Further, the dispatching terminal router is also communicated to connect with the weather monitoring module for being installed on each substation.
Further, the weather monitoring module includes temperature sensor, humidity sensor and air velocity transducer.
Further, the acquisition server includes one of 2G, 3G, 4G module or a variety of.
Further, the acquisition server further includes network interface and USB interface.
Further, the acquisition server is additionally provided with sound and light alarm module, and the sound and light alarm module is used for even
Failure is connect to alarm.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
A kind of data collection system for communication system of power grids scheduling of the utility model, is collected each by dispatching terminal router
The scheduling data of each substation are uploaded to acquisition server by interchanger by the scheduling data of a substation, dispatching terminal router, into
And realize the acquisition of scheduling data, convenient for being scheduled to operation of power networks；Interchanger uses redundance type interchanger, by therein
First exchange board and second exchange board stacking opening interconnection constitute redundancy backup link so that data transmission have more reliability,
In the following, being described further in conjunction with attached drawing and specific embodiment to the utility model, it should be noted that
Under the premise of not colliding, it can be formed in any combination between various embodiments described below or between each technical characteristic new
A kind of data collection system for communication system of power grids scheduling is present embodiments provided, as shown in Figure 1, including dispatching terminal
Router, interchanger and acquisition server, interchanger are communicated to connect with dispatching terminal router, acquisition server respectively, acquisition clothes
Be engaged in device communication connection control centre, and dispatching terminal router is used to the scheduling data of each substation being uploaded to acquisition clothes by interchanger
Business device, dispatching terminal router includes redundant power；As shown in Fig. 2, interchanger is redundance type interchanger, interchanger includes first
Snap-gauge and the second exchange snap-gauge are exchanged, the first exchange board and the second power board card are interconnected by stacking opening and constitute redundancy backup chain
Road.Dispatching terminal router is also communicated to connect with the weather monitoring module for being installed on each substation.
The data collection system of this implementation, it is intended to while realizing scheduling data acquisition, by redundance type interchanger, so that
Data transmission has more reliability, stability.Wherein, redundance type interchanger, including cabinet, power supply and exchange board, power supply and friendship
It changes board to be arranged in cabinet, power supply is redundant power, including the first power supply and second source；Exchanging board is 2 pieces, i.e., the
One exchange board and the second exchange board；Referring to Fig. 2, any exchange board includes that redundancy processing module, PHY module and MAC are handed over
Change the mold block；MAC Switching Module is equipped with the communication interface for access network based on ethernet；PHY module is connect with MAC Switching Module；MAC
CPU and stacking opening are integrated in Switching Module；First exchange board and the second power board card pass through the stacking opening interconnection structure
At redundancy backup link.First exchange board and the second power board card stack are placed in cabinet inside, after power supply is arranged in cabinet
End.The hardware composition of single set exchange board by power supply redundancy processing module, the MAC Switching Module of integrated processor, physical layer with
Too net phy interface module etc. forms.The MAC Switching Module of integrated processor is by being integrated with the MAC exchange chip group of processor
At mainly realizing system configuration, system administration, resource tune wherein integrated processor is the Operation Centre of whole system software
With functions such as, Operation and Maintenance；Integrated MAC mainly includes the exchange of ethernet mac layer and Ethernet physical interface part, is embedded with
High-speed switching logic unit realizes the data exchange between Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet Fabric Interface, to realize line
Fast forwarding capability, and communication bus is provided, realize intelligent control function.Physical layer ethernet PHY interface module mainly completes number
According to coding/decoding, string-and convert, signal driving etc. work, support speed auto-negotiation function.Redundant power exports two groups of 12VDC
Voltage, while being the first exchange board and the second exchange board power supply, when one group of power supply breaks down, can be by redundancy at
Reason module rapidly changes to second group of power supply.Redundant power is made of two blocks of power supplys, makes the two mutually by redundancy processing module
For backup；Redundancy exchange board is made of two pieces of exchange boards, and every piece exchanges board by the exchange chip and PHY of integrated processor
Chip (PHY, that is, physical layer) is constituted, and two pieces of power board cards are connected by the stacking opening that exchange chip integrates, and constitutes redundancy backup chain
Road；Redundancy Software system is built upon on Labcard driver, for controlling the agreement and application software of managing redundant power board.It is superfluous
Remaining processing module is existing mature technology, is seldom repeated here.Two pieces of power board cards are spliced by the heap that MAC Switching Module provides
Mouth is interconnected, and since stacking opening supports multilink, ought wherein a link be broken down, in addition link can still carry out
Data transmission.After two pieces of power board cards are interconnected by stacking opening simultaneously, link redundancy algorithm can be realized by stacking opening, so that two
Block power board is externally being run just as an interchanger, after connecting at this time with the terminal of double netcard, even if there is one piece of exchange board
Failure, the terminal still can pass through another piece of exchange board and external progress data communication.MAC chip, 100,000,000/gigabit physics
Layer chip all uses Broadcom company related chip；It is attached between MAC and PHY chip by relevant interface, and to this
A little chips are configured.Two-way DC voltage is exported after the transformed processing of DC power supply into redundancy processing circuit, by redundancy
The DC voltage that single channel is exported after control processing is sent to respectively on two pieces of exchange boards, to power to whole system.
In addition, in Fig. 1, dispatching terminal router includes access-layer router, convergence layer router and core layer router,
Dispatch data net I phase network core routers, convergence layer router use cisco7609 router, configure with double engines, redundant electric
Source has OC3, e1 port, Ethernet 1000M exchange mouth；Access layer node router uses cisco7604 router, configuration
Redundant power, single engine had 2 with last e1 port, and 6 or more Ethernet 100M exchange mouth.Core layer node presses active/standby devices
Configuration, convergence layer, access node layer are configured by single device, and service access node is configured with cisco35 series of switch simultaneously.It adjusts
Data network II phase network core routers, convergence layer router are spent using SR8805 router, configure with double engines, redundant power,
Have OC3, e1 port, Ethernet 1000M exchange mouth；Access-layer router node uses 5040 router of H3CMSR, configures superfluous
Remaining power supply, single engine, have 2 or more e1 ports, and 6 or more Ethernet 100M exchange mouth.Core layer node is matched by active/standby devices
It sets；Convergence layer, access node layer are configured by single device, are had the service access node of independent communication computer room while being configured with H3C
S3600 interchanger.Acquisition server obtains alarm, configuration, the performance of upload etc. at the station 110KV and the station 220KV by interchanger
These scheduling data received are uploaded to control centre, run for dispatching of power netwoks by data, acquisition server.Dispatching terminal road
By the equal configuring redundancy power supply of device, redundant power realizes the high availability of router, when a power supply breaks down, another electricity
Source can take over its work at once, after replacing power supply, and be that two power supplys cooperate.In addition, in order to which control centre is real-time
Get the weather monitoring situation of each substation, convenient for power network dispatching system occur bad weather it is arduous when, make phase in time
The power scheduling running answered, unnecessary loss caused by avoiding because of bad weather.For this purpose, being existed by dispatching terminal router and setting
The weather monitoring module of each substation communicates to connect, and weather monitoring module obtains the weather monitoring number of corresponding power transformation station location
According to being uploaded to acquisition server by dispatching terminal router, weather data is uploaded in scheduling by acquisition server in real time
The heart realizes the acquisition of weather data with this, further realizes the monitoring and dispatching processing to inclement weather conditions.In addition, In
Security system is provided between dispatching terminal router and interchanger, security system is for the security isolation inside power grid, to protect
Intranet is protected from the intrusion of illegal user, ensures the safety that data upload.
Specifically, as shown in figure 4, weather monitoring module includes temperature sensor, humidity sensor, air velocity transducer, temperature
Degree sensor, humidity sensor, air velocity transducer output end connect respectively with dispatching terminal router communication.Pass through temperature sensing
Device, humidity sensor and air velocity transducer are able to detect the weather such as temperature, humidity and the wind speed of each substation's corresponding position letter
Breath, to provide meteorological basic data information for power grid bad weather Risk Scheduling.By meteorological basic data information, convenient for adjusting
Degree center carries out corresponding coping style for inclement weather conditions.
In addition, passing through 2G/3G/4G as shown in Fig. 2, acquisition server includes one of 2G, 3G, 4G module or a variety of
Module is uploaded to control centre for net basic data is dispatched.In addition, for the ease of dispatching the reception of data, acquisition server is also wrapped
Network interface and USB interface are included, by network interface or USB interface, can also receive scheduling data.As shown in figure 3, acquisition server passes through
Multiple communication interfaces are set, convenient for transmitting collected scheduling data to multiple and different equipment.It on the other hand, as shown in Fig. 2, should
Acquisition server further includes sound and light alarm module, and sound and light alarm module is connected with CPU.Sound and light alarm module specifically may include shape
State indicator light and buzzer siren.When acquisition server is received or is uploaded, status indicator lamp is lighted；Or connect
Connect the flashing of the failure states indicator lights such as failure, upper electric fault.Likewise, buzzer siren can terminate in data processing or
Buzzing alarm is issued when failure.Sound and light alarm module carries out acousto-optic report using ULN2003 driving circuit buzzer and LED light
It is alert.Connecting fault detection, data transmission are detected as the prior art, seldom repeat here.
A kind of data collection system for communication system of power grids scheduling of the present embodiment, is collected each by dispatching terminal router
The scheduling data of each substation are uploaded to acquisition server by interchanger by the scheduling data of substation, dispatching terminal router, in turn
The acquisition of scheduling data is realized, convenient for being scheduled to operation of power networks；Interchanger uses redundance type interchanger, passes through therein the
One exchange board and the second exchange board stacking opening interconnection constitute redundancy backup link, so that data transmission has more reliability, steady
It is qualitative.
Above embodiment is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, cannot be protected with this to limit the utility model
Range, the variation of any unsubstantiality that those skilled in the art is done on the basis of the utility model and replacement belong to
In the utility model range claimed.