CN209619393U - A kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device - Google Patents

A kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209619393U
CN209619393U CN201920062723.2U CN201920062723U CN209619393U CN 209619393 U CN209619393 U CN 209619393U CN 201920062723 U CN201920062723 U CN 201920062723U CN 209619393 U CN209619393 U CN 209619393U
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air
water
standpipe
forging
water supply
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CN201920062723.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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吴云龙
谭玉双
吴琼
李秀玲
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CERI YINGKOU EQUIPMENT DEVELOPMENT AND MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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CERI YINGKOU EQUIPMENT DEVELOPMENT AND MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling devices, belong to equipment industry forging cooling system technical field.Technical solution is: air header (2) and water main (4) are secured transverse to respectively on bracket (1), air standpipe (8) and water supply standpipe (9) are connected on air header (2) and water main (4), standpipe air shut-off valve (6) and standpipe water supply control valve (7) are respectively equipped on air standpipe (8) and water supply standpipe (9), multiple groups air branch pipe (11) and water supply branch pipe (12) are separately connected on air standpipe (8) and water supply standpipe (9), every group of air branch pipe (11) and water supply branch pipe (12) are separately connected an atomizer (10), the water spraying direction of the atomizer (10) is towards forging.The beneficial effects of the utility model are: can satisfy the cooling processing requirement of various forging, the cooling effect of forging is improved.

Description

A kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling devices, belong to equipment industry forging cooling system and set Standby technical field.
Background technique
Domestic forging industry needs to hang oneself from trolley carry out fast cooling processing after forging heat treatment is come out of the stove, and needs The temperature of forging is dropped to 350 DEG C ~ 400 DEG C from 650 DEG C ~ 800 DEG C.Currently, the cooling of forging largely uses big profile shaft stream wind Machine air blast cooling treatment process, small part use spray cooling technique, and spray cooling technique is due to by site condition, cooling system Horizontal, season and indoor and outdoor temperature limitation are using the few of this technique.
Air blast cooling has the disadvantage in that first is that required time is long, because of forging geometric dimension, volume, varies in weight, and cools down Used time is also different, and generally in 8 ~ 12h, summer is longer, time-consuming more influence delivery;Second is that power consumption is high, general forging dimensioning Very little all larger, substance is also big, and therefore, a forging, which cools, just needs several even 10 or more axial flow blowers, each Axial flow blower power is 11kw mostly, and total power consumption is high, increases process cost indirectly;Third is that the online usage quantity of blower is big, Hang the case where forging that lower cooling is handled frequently encounters several forging while walking temperature reduction technology, the online usage quantity of axial flow blower Greatly, often tens use simultaneously;Fourth is that blower dimension inspection amount is big, since the online dosage of axial flow blower is big, often because with crane It is mobile and damage, it reprocesses and makees that the time is long, the influence of forging radiant heat, blower motor easily damages, and all there is axis stream in industry Blower largely dimension inspection offline, the case where influencing working efficiency, influence the product contract period.
Spray cooling has strict demand to place: first is that scene must have pumping equipment;Two be the need for one it is semiclosed The environment cooling water unevaporated convenient for collection;The spray head atomizing particle that spray cooling uses is big, is sprayed on forging to forging table The consistency of surface hardness has an impact, and water content consumption is also big;The evaporation capacity of spray cooling water is big, general to forge the heat-treatment furnace workshop winter Season is not heating, and the vapor of evaporation and extra water freeze in winter to constitute workshop environment and influence.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling devices, can satisfy various forging Cooling processing requirement, solve the problems, such as background technique.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device includes bracket, air header, air shut-off valve, water main, water Control valve, standpipe air shut-off valve, standpipe water supply control valve, air standpipe, water supply standpipe, atomizer, air branch pipe and confession Water branch pipe, air header and water main are secured transverse on bracket respectively, are respectively equipped with sky on air header and water main Gas control valve and water control valve, air standpipe and water supply standpipe are connected on air header and water main, air standpipe With standpipe air shut-off valve and standpipe water supply control valve are respectively equipped on water supply standpipe, connect respectively on air standpipe and water supply standpipe Multiple groups air branch pipe and water supply branch pipe are connect, every group of air branch pipe and water supply branch pipe are separately connected an atomizer, the atomization The water spraying direction of spray head is towards forging.
The atomizer includes nozzle body, air filter, water filter, nozzle, nozzle screw rod, cap of spraying nozzle, spray Mouth cap gland, air swirl piece, air inlet, water inlet, gas passage and air inlet set, nozzle body are equipped with air inlet and water inlet Mouthful, air branch pipe and water supply branch pipe be connected on air inlet and water inlet, is equipped in nozzle body and to be connected to air inlet Gas passage and the nozzle being connected to water inlet, gas passage is interior to be equipped with air filter, and water filter, spray are equipped in water inlet Nozzle screw rod is equipped in mouth, the periphery of nozzle is equipped with the air inlet set being connected to gas passage, is equipped with air swirl piece in air inlet set, Air inlet is arranged with puff prot, and cap of spraying nozzle is fixedly connected on nozzle by cap of spraying nozzle gland.
The puff prot of the air inlet set is conical opening.
The water main is equipped with relief valve and air blow down valve.
The air standpipe and water supply standpipe are arranged vertically with air header and water main respectively.
Using the utility model, by workshop turbid circulating water source and compressed air source by quick coupling and water main and Air header connection, water and air enters standpipe water supply control valve by water supply standpipe and air standpipe and standpipe air controls Valve;Water and air after inflow-rate of water turbine is adjusted enters atomizer by water supply branch pipe and air branch pipe, and water passes through nozzle screw rod When generate quick rotary water current film and sprayed from nozzle, while air-flow is sprayed from the conical nozzle of air inlet set, and is being sprayed with water flow Tangential collisional mixing forms spray stream in mouth cap, sprays from the dispersive nozzle of cap of spraying nozzle, realizes cold to forging progress fast spraying But the purpose handled.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: can satisfy the cooling processing requirement of various forging, and atomizer energy Enough make to reach by spraying that particle is tiny, uniform atomizing effect, to improve the cooling effect of forging.
Detailed description of the invention
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the utility model:
Fig. 2 is the utility model plan view:
Fig. 3 is the utility model elevation:
Fig. 4 is atomizer cross-sectional view:
In figure: bracket 1, air header 2, air shut-off valve 3, water main 4, water control valve 5, standpipe air shut-off valve 6, Standpipe water supply control valve 7, air standpipe 8, water supply standpipe 9, atomizer 10, air branch pipe 11, water supply branch pipe 12, quick coupling 13, drain valve 14, air blow down valve 15, forging 16, silk plug 21, nozzle body 22, air filter 23, water filter 24, spray Mouth 25, nozzle screw rod 26, gasket 27, cap of spraying nozzle fixing sleeve 28, cap of spraying nozzle 29, cap of spraying nozzle gland 30, air swirl piece 31, air inlet Mouth 32, water inlet 33, gas passage 34, air inlet set 35, puff prot 36.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, by example, the utility model is described in further detail.
Referring to attached drawing 1-4, a kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device includes bracket 1, air header 2, air control Valve 3, water main 4, water control valve 5, standpipe air shut-off valve 6, standpipe water supply control valve 7, air standpipe 8, water supply standpipe 9, Atomizer 10, air branch pipe 11 and water supply branch pipe 12, air header 2 and water main 4 are secured transverse to respectively on bracket 1, It is respectively equipped with air shut-off valve 3 and water control valve 5 on air header 2 and water main 4, air standpipe 8 and water supply standpipe 9 are distinguished It is connected on air header 2 and water main 4,6 He of standpipe air shut-off valve is respectively equipped on air standpipe 8 and water supply standpipe 9 It is separately connected multiple groups air branch pipe 11 and water supply branch pipe 12 on standpipe water supply control valve 7, air standpipe 8 and water supply standpipe 9, every group Air branch pipe 11 and water supply branch pipe 12 are separately connected an atomizer 10, the water spraying direction direction forging of the atomizer 10 Part.
Specific embodiment:
In the present embodiment, referring to attached drawing 1,2,3, which is arranged in the two sides of forging 16, and atomizer is divided into ten groups, Totally 30 spray heads, and ten groups of atomizers can pass through standpipe water supply control valve according to forging shape, size, cooling intensity requirement Any combination and increase and decrease spray head quantity are carried out with air shut-off valve, realizes the mist cooling to forging.
Relief valve 14 and air blow down valve 15 are also equipped on water main 4, when use in winter, if it is in discontinuous work In the case where work, the water in pipe is first laid down using relief valve 14, is then carried out compressed air purging with air blow down valve 15, is prevented The low freezing pipeline of temperature in winter workshop.
Referring to attached drawing 4, the atomizer 10 includes silk plug 21, nozzle body 22, air filter 23, water filter 24, nozzle 25, nozzle screw rod 26, cap of spraying nozzle 29, cap of spraying nozzle gland 30, air swirl piece 31, air inlet 32, water inlet 33, gas Body channel 34 and air inlet set 35, nozzle body 22 is equipped with air inlet 32 and water inlet 33, air branch pipe 11 and water supply branch pipe 12 Be connected on air inlet 32 and water inlet 33, be equipped in nozzle body 22 gas passage 34 being connected to air inlet 32 and with One end of the nozzle 25 that water inlet 33 is connected to, air inlet 32 and 34 arranged crosswise of gas passage, gas passage 34 is equipped with silk plug 21, It is equipped with air filter 23 in gas passage 34, water filter 24 is equipped in water inlet 33, is equipped with centre bore, nozzle in nozzle 25 Nozzle screw rod 26 is equipped in 25 centre bore, the periphery of nozzle 25 is equipped with air inlet set 35, and air inlet set 35 is another with gas passage 34 One end connection, air inlet set 35 is interior to be equipped with air swirl piece 31, and air inlet set 35 is equipped with puff prot 36, and puff prot 36 is conical opening, spray The centre bore arranged concentric of port 36 and nozzle 25, cap of spraying nozzle 29 are fixedly connected on nozzle 25 by cap of spraying nozzle gland 30.
Compressed air by air inlet 32 enter air filter 23 filter after enter air inlet set 35 in, compressed air into Air swirl piece 31 inside windband 35 forms high-speed rotating air-flow film under acting on;Turbid circulating water is from water inlet 33 through water simultaneously Filter 24 enters in nozzle 25, when by nozzle screw rod 26, generates centre bore of the quick rotary water current film from nozzle 25 Rotation sprays, while air-flow is sprayed from the tapered state of puff prot 36 of air inlet set 35, is tangentially touched in cap of spraying nozzle 29 with water flow Mixing is hit, air-flow and the formation of water flow film counter-rotate under the effect of high speed rotation power, mutually tangential collision, shearing, in nozzle In cap 29 after mixing, it re-forms spray stream to spray from the dispersive nozzle of cap of spraying nozzle 29, the products such as forging is quickly sprayed Mist cooling treatment.
Forge weight is 10t, length 5m in the present embodiment, and the heat dissipation capacity for dropping to 400 DEG C from 650 DEG C is 988821750 kcal/h, and 30 water atomizing nozzles use water 513kg/h that can absorb 995652014.74 kcal/h by spraying Heat, that is to say, that only 30 can absorb the heat that forging cooling sheds for water atomizing nozzle spraying one hour;But it considers Time required for the preparation at the possible deviation of theoretical calculation and scene, there are also the weight of forging specification and the above simulative forging, The water spray temperature fall time of shape, material deviation, a forging should be between 1 to 4 hour.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device, it is characterised in that: include bracket (1), air header (2), air control Valve (3) processed, water main (4), water control valve (5), standpipe air shut-off valve (6), standpipe water supply control valve (7), air standpipe (8), water supply standpipe (9), atomizer (10), air branch pipe (11) and water supply branch pipe (12), air header (2) and water main (4) be secured transverse to respectively on bracket (1), be respectively equipped on air header (2) and water main (4) air shut-off valve (3) and Water control valve (5), air standpipe (8) and water supply standpipe (9) are connected on air header (2) and water main (4), air Standpipe air shut-off valve (6) and standpipe water supply control valve (7), air standpipe are respectively equipped on standpipe (8) and water supply standpipe (9) (8) and on water supply standpipe (9) multiple groups air branch pipe (11) and water supply branch pipe (12), every group of air branch pipe (11) and confession are separately connected Water branch pipe (12) is separately connected an atomizer (10), and the water spraying direction of the atomizer (10) is towards forging.
2. a kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the atomizer It (10) include nozzle body (22), air filter (23), water filter (24), nozzle (25), nozzle screw rod (26), cap of spraying nozzle (29), cap of spraying nozzle gland (30), air swirl piece (31), air inlet (32), water inlet (33), gas passage (34) and air inlet set (35), nozzle body (22) is equipped with air inlet (32) and water inlet (33), and air branch pipe (11) and water supply branch pipe (12) are respectively It is connected on air inlet (32) and water inlet (33), the gas passage being connected to air inlet (32) is equipped in nozzle body (22) (34) and with water inlet (33) nozzle (25) being connected to, gas passage (34) is interior to be equipped with air filter (23), water inlet (33) It is interior to be equipped with water filter (24), nozzle screw rod (26) are equipped in nozzle (25), the periphery of nozzle (25) is equipped with and gas passage (34) the air inlet set (35) being connected to, air inlet set (35) is interior to be equipped with air swirl piece (31), and air inlet set (35) is equipped with puff prot (36), Cap of spraying nozzle (29) is fixedly connected on nozzle (25) by cap of spraying nozzle gland (30).
3. a kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the air inlet set (35) puff prot (36) is conical opening.
4. a kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the water main (4) relief valve (14) and air blow down valve (15) are equipped with.
5. a kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air standpipe (8) it is arranged vertically respectively with air header (2) and water main (4) with water supply standpipe (9).
CN201920062723.2U 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 A kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device Active CN209619393U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920062723.2U CN209619393U (en) 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 A kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920062723.2U CN209619393U (en) 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 A kind of forging atomized spray fast cooling device

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Publication Number Publication Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111154967A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-05-15 北京科技大学 Water hammer preventing method for medium plate quenching machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111154967A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-05-15 北京科技大学 Water hammer preventing method for medium plate quenching machine
CN111154967B (en) * 2020-01-15 2021-04-06 北京科技大学 Water hammer preventing method for medium plate quenching machine

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