CN209495388U - A kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy - Google Patents

A kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209495388U
CN209495388U CN201920013208.5U CN201920013208U CN209495388U CN 209495388 U CN209495388 U CN 209495388U CN 201920013208 U CN201920013208 U CN 201920013208U CN 209495388 U CN209495388 U CN 209495388U
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heat
phase transformation
fuel tank
solar
tank
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CN201920013208.5U
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张妍
张清海
薛浩
李董敏
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Shandong Brightman Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Brightman Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of accumulation of heat cabins for solar energy, several solar thermal collector series connection, first solar thermal collector flowline is connect by collecting hot recycle pump with solar heat-preservation cabin oil inlet, the solar thermal collector inflow pipeline of tail end is connect with solar heat-preservation cabin oil outlet, several radiator tandems, solar heat-preservation cabin hot-water outlet conduits are connect by heating circulating pump with the import of first radiator, and the radiator outlet pipeline of tail end is connect with the hot hot water inlet in solar heat-preservation cabin.The utility model makes full use of solar energy resources, substitute the boiler using coal, petroleum, natural gas, electric power etc. as the energy, while solar energy when normal weather being provided to heating, extra heat storage is got up, when bad weather or night solar energy normally cannot provide heat source, the heat that prior phase-change material stores is continued to provide thermal source heated, ensure that the requirement that user normally warms oneself, energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection.

Description

A kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of accumulation of heat cabins for solar energy, belong to solar energy heat-storage technical field, for interior Heating.
Background technique
New energy is researched and developed and utilized, the common strategy target of countries in the world energy research and exploitation is had become.20 Since century 70 energy crisis, solar energy gradually becomes the emphasis studied both at home and abroad as available new energy.The sun Can it is inexhaustible, safe with its, without transport, cleanliness without any pollution the features such as be valued by people.
How solar heating is utilized, is always the project of each Corporation R & D, since solar energy is influenced by season and weather It is larger, heat flow density is low, cause the direct heat utilization of various forms of solar energy family warm oneself using upper all by certain Limitation.
Solar thermal utilization, daytime, sun heat radiation amount was high, and solar energy obtains heat source by sunlight, but sunlight is only white It has, and heating buildings night is the period for needing most heat source.Traditional solar heat-preservation mode is with hot water heat accumulation, the heat of water Hold relatively small (4.2MJ/m3), heat accumulation temperature limited (< 90 DEG C), the quantity of heat storage of unit volume are smaller, solar energy heat distribution system Hot water heat accumulation is such as used, heat reservoir volume is big, weight is big, takes up a large area, and heat preservation is difficult, and efficiency is lower, easy freezing, so High effective heat-storage technology becomes the bottleneck of solar energy optical-thermal application.
" paddy electricity heat storage warming device and preparation method thereof " patent application of application number 201810225585.5, electric heating tube will Oil guide pipe heats and makes the oil circulation in it, and oil guide pipe heats composite phase-change material, and composite phase-change material heats heat-dissipating pipe, Heat-dissipating pipe heats air, and cross-ventilation is by heating indoor.This application can incite somebody to action during realizing to heating indoor heating A part of thermal energy storage realizes the function of realizing after closing power supply using accumulation of heat and continue heating, the heating of evening trough-electricity, phase transformation Material carries out heat accumulation, solves the problems, such as thermal energy storage, and still, which still has several drawbacks place:
1, oil guide pipe is arranged in liner, and oily circulation is to heat oil guide pipe by electric heating tube and follow the oil in it The natural circulation mode of ring, this oil is very slow, and it is low to will cause heat transfer efficiency.
2, phase-change material has corrosive substance mostly, and liner does not do preservative treatment, will affect the service life of liner.
3, heat-dissipating pipe is through type heat-dissipating pipe, and through type heat-dissipating pipe heat radiator limited area, heat radiator effect is poor.
4, the equipment is still using electricity as heat energy.
Summary of the invention
The situation and existing deficiency deposited in view of the prior art, the utility model provide a kind of accumulation of heat for solar energy Cabin, the utility model are combined with solar energy, and temperature solar heat collector provides heat source in, carry out heat source storage with accumulation of heat cabin, The extra heat storage of solar energy when normal weather can be got up, due to weather, solar energy cannot normally provide heat When source, the heat that prior phase-change material stores is provided to heat supply, or pass through electric heating tube heat supply, it is ensured that user normally takes Warm requirement.
To achieve the above object, used technical solution is the utility model: a kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy, packet Include shell, fuel tank, phase transformation tank, phase-change material, heat exchange coil, electric heating tube, thermal insulation material, solar thermal collector, collection thermal cycle Pump, heating circulating pump, radiator, it is characterised in that: further include phase transformation tank bracket, phase transformation tank;
The shell, phase transformation tank bracket and fuel tank are rectangle;
It is equipped with several circular holes on the bottom surface of phase transformation tank bracket, is equipped with several conduction oil flow orifices, phase between several circular holes The lower end for becoming tank bracket bottom surface is equipped with several supports, and the bottom surface upper end of phase transformation tank bracket is frame structure;
The phase transformation tank is rounded cylindrical, is equipped with one layer of ceramics in phase transformation tank, phase-change material, phase are filled in phase transformation tank Become cover to be screwed on phase transformation tank;
The lower section of one lateral body of fuel tank is equipped with oil outlet, is equipped with oil inlet pipe in the top of one lateral body of fuel tank, oil inlet pipe The lower section outside fuel tank body is arranged in oil inlet, and valve is equipped on oil inlet pipe;
The fuel tank setting inside the shell, is equipped with one layer of heat preservation material between fuel tank and shell;The oil outlet of fuel tank and Oil inlet is stretched out outside shell by thermal insulation material respectively;
Bottom is arranged in fuel tank in the phase transformation tank bracket, is respectively set one on several circular holes in phase transformation tank bracket face Phase transformation tank, the gap mid-game between several phase transformation tanks fill heat exchange coil, the hot water inlet and hot water outlet of heat exchange coil respectively according to Secondary to be stretched out outside shell by fuel tank and thermal insulation material, hot water inlet and hot water outlet and fuel tank body are tightly connected;
Several electric heating tubes are equipped with below the phase transformation tank bracket between several supports, the terminals of several electric heating tubes are successively It is stretched out outside shell by fuel tank and thermal insulation material, the terminals and fuel tank body of several electric heating tubes are tightly connected, and are filled in fuel tank There is conduction oil, fuel tank cap is fixed on fuel tank, and vent valve is equipped in fuel tank cap, and casing cover is fixed on the shell;
Several solar thermal collector series connection, first solar thermal collector flowline are stored by collection hot recycle pump and solar energy Hot cabin oil inlet connection, the solar thermal collector inflow pipeline of tail end are connect with solar heat-preservation cabin oil outlet, several radiators Series connection, solar heat-preservation cabin hot-water outlet conduits are connect by heating circulating pump with the import of first radiator, the heat dissipation of tail end Device outlet conduit is connect with the hot hot water inlet in solar heat-preservation cabin.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model can provide solar energy when normal weather to the same of heating When, extra heat storage is got up, when bad weather or night solar energy normally cannot provide heat source, by prior phase transformation material The heat of material storage continues to provide thermal source heated, ensure that the requirement that user normally warms oneself.
Electric heating is as auxiliary electric energy, when bad weather solar energy normally cannot provide heat source, or when utilization night 23 Low price (the every degree electricity in Beijing only 3 mao) electric energy of power grid low-valley interval, completes electricity, thermal energy turn in 6-8 hour when to next day 7 It changes and stores, in power grid peak period, the heat of storage is released in a manner of radiation, convection current, it is small to realize whole day 24 When indoor heating.
Electric heater for heating can also heat phase transformation tank phase-change material simultaneously while the requirement that guarantee user normally warms oneself Heat is stored, heat source is provided.
It is equipped with one layer of ceramics in phase transformation tank, can prevent phase-change material from improving making for phase transformation tank to the corrosion of phase transformation tank With the service life, maintenance cost has been saved.
Heat exchange coil is disk assembling structure, and from several phase transformation pot bottoms, disk is attached to top always, and heat radiator area has greatly, inhales Hot heat dissipation effect is high.
The structure of phase transformation tank bracket, it is ensured that the positioning of several phase transformation tanks and mutual clearance distance are consistent, are convenient for The installation of heat exchange coil.
The design of valve opens side wall of outer shell, can close valve, facilitate dimension when heat collector circulation line needs repairing It repairs.
The design of vent valve avoids having air in fuel tank after oiling, is arranged by vent valve after the completion of piping connection Gas.
The design for collecting hot recycle pump and heating circulating pump, improves heat transfer efficiency.
The utility model makes full use of solar energy resources, substitutes the pot using coal, petroleum, natural gas, electric power etc. as the energy Furnace, energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection are in response to the direction of national development low-carbon economy call, are suitable for family, enterprise, public institution, work Factory, universities and colleges, hotel, hospital, community, etc. sunlight resource is good and the region that need to heat.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the system structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram in the utility model accumulation of heat cabin;
Fig. 3 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 2 structure;
Fig. 4 is the B-B cross-sectional view of Fig. 2 structure;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model phase transformation tank;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model phase transformation tank bracket.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, a kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy, including electric heating tube 7, thermal insulation material 8 further include Shell 1, phase transformation tank bracket 2, fuel tank 3, phase transformation tank 4, phase-change material 5, heat exchange coil 6.
Shell 1, phase transformation tank bracket 2 and fuel tank 3 are rectangle.
It is provided with several circular hole 2-1 on the bottom surface of phase transformation tank bracket 2, several thermally conductive oil streams are provided between several circular hole 2-1 Dynamic hole 2-2 welds several support 2-3 in the lower end of 2 bottom surface of phase transformation tank bracket, in the bottom surface upper end soldering frame of phase transformation tank bracket 2 Frame structure.
Phase transformation tank 4 is rounded cylindrical, is equipped with one layer of ceramics in phase transformation tank 4, phase-change material 5, phase are filled in phase transformation tank 4 Become cover to be screwed on phase transformation tank 4.
Oil outlet 3-1 is welded in the lower section of 3 one lateral body of fuel tank, welds oil inlet pipe 3-2 in the top of 3 one lateral body of fuel tank, into The external lower section of the oil inlet 3-3 setting fuel tank 3 of oil pipe 3-2, is connected with valve 3-4 on oil inlet pipe 3-2.
Fuel tank 3 is arranged in shell 1, and one layer of heat preservation material 8, the oil outlet of fuel tank 3 are filled between fuel tank 3 and shell 1 3-1 and oil inlet 3-3 passes through thermal insulation material 8 respectively and stretches out outside shell 1.
Phase transformation tank bracket 2 is placed in bottom in fuel tank 3, is placed respectively on several circular hole 2-1 in 2 face of phase transformation tank bracket One phase transformation tank 4, the gap mid-game between several phase transformation tanks 4 fill heat exchange coil 6, the hot water inlet 6-1 and hot water of heat exchange coil 6 Outlet 6-2 passes sequentially through fuel tank 3 and thermal insulation material 8 respectively and stretches out outside shell 1, hot water inlet 6-1 and hot water outlet 6-2 and fuel tank 3 bodies are realized by welding and are tightly connected, and are equipped with several electric heating tubes 7 below the phase transformation tank bracket 2 between several support 2-3, are counted The terminals of a electric heating tube 7 pass sequentially through fuel tank 3 and thermal insulation material 8 stretches out outside shell 1, the terminals of several electric heating tubes 7 It is tightly connected with 3 body of fuel tank, is provided with conduction oil in fuel tank 3, fuel tank cap is welded on fuel tank 3, is equipped with and is deflated in fuel tank cap Valve 3-5 suppress sealing test and casing cover is screwed on shell 1 after sealing test is qualified.
Several solar thermal collectors 9 are connected, by first 9 flowline of solar thermal collector by collection hot recycle pump 10 with Solar heat-preservation cabin oil inlet 3-3 connection, by 9 inflow pipeline of solar thermal collector of tail end and solar heat-preservation cabin oil outlet 3- 1 connection, several radiators 12 are connected, and solar heat-preservation cabin hot water outlet 6-2 pipeline is dissipated by heating circulating pump 11 with first The import of hot device 12 connects, and 12 outlet conduit of radiator of tail end is connect with the hot hot water inlet 6-1 in solar heat-preservation cabin.
A kind of accumulation of heat cabin application method for solar energy, steps are as follows:
1), the heat switching control method of solar energy and accumulation of heat cabin:
Solar thermal collector 9 is exposed to sunlight, when the thermally conductive oil temperature of the vacuum tube negative camber runner of solar thermal collector 9 When degree subtracts fuel tank (3) thermally conductive oil temperature >=7 DEG C, 7 DEG C of temperature can be set, and collection hot recycle pump 10 starts, by temperature in fuel tank 3 Low conduction oil is pumped into solar thermal collector 9, while the high conduction oil of temperature in solar thermal collector 9 being headed into fuel tank 3, when When the thermally conductive oil temperature of the vacuum tube negative camber runner of solar thermal collector 9 subtracts 3 thermally conductive oil temperature≤3 DEG C of fuel tank, 3 DEG C of temperature Degree can be set, and collection hot recycle pump 10 is automatically stopped, and complete a heat transfer process, and so in cycles, the heat of solar energy is handed over It gives in fuel tank 3, during conduction oil circulating-heating, the phase-change material 5 in several phase transformation tanks 4 is heated simultaneously and stores heat Amount.
2), the method that the heat in accumulation of heat cabin is warmed oneself for user:
When daytime, solar irradiation was good, the heat exchange process of solar energy and accumulation of heat cabin keeps the high-temperature in fuel tank 3 thermally conductive Oil heating heat exchange coil 6, i.e. water in heat exchange coil 6 is heated, when coolant-temperature gage reaches 50 DEG C in heat exchange coil 6,50 DEG C of temperature Degree can be set, and heating circulating pump 11 starts, and the hot water in heat exchange coil 6 is pumped into heating pipeline, indoor into each household Radiator 12 is radiator, promotes room temperature;
When solar irradiation is bad or night does not have the sun, oil supply is transmitted by phase transformation tank 4 using the heat of phase-change material 5 Conduction oil in case 3, the conduction oil in fuel tank 3 reheats heat exchange coil 6, when coolant-temperature gage reaches 50 DEG C in heat exchange coil 6, 50 DEG C of temperature can be set, and heating circulating pump 11 starts, and the hot water in heat exchange coil 6 is pumped into heating pipeline, into each household Indoor radiator 12 is radiator, promotes room temperature;
When the hot water temperature in heat exchange coil 6 is lower than 30 degree, 30 DEG C of temperature can be set, and heating circulating pump 11 stops, this When enter the heat exchange process of solar energy or electric heating starting and accumulation of heat cabin;
3), method of the electric heating starting for the heating of indoor radiator:
Due to weather or when night does not have the sun, when temperature is still below 40 DEG C of temperature in fuel tank 3,40 DEG C of temperature can be set Fixed, several startings of electric heating tubes 7 are begun to warm up, will when the electric heating of several electric heating tubes 7 makes that temperature reaches 50 degree in fuel tank 3 Hot water in heat exchange coil 6 is pumped into heating pipeline by heating circulating pump 11, and the radiator 12 indoor into each household is i.e. warm Gas piece, promotes room temperature, and when 12 temperature of radiator reaches 60 DEG C or more, 60 DEG C of temperature can be set, temperature controller control It makes several electric heating tubes 7 and is automatically stopped heating.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy, including shell (1), fuel tank (3), phase transformation tank (4), phase-change material (5), heat exchange plate Manage (6), electric heating tube (7), thermal insulation material (8), solar thermal collector (9), collection hot recycle pump (10), heating circulating pump (11), Radiator (12), it is characterised in that: further include phase transformation tank bracket (2), phase transformation tank (4);
The shell (1), phase transformation tank bracket (2) and fuel tank (3) are rectangle;
It is equipped with several circular holes (2-1) on the bottom surface of phase transformation tank bracket (2), several conduction oils are equipped between several circular holes (2-1) The lower end of flow orifice (2-2), phase transformation tank bracket (2) bottom surface is equipped with several supports (2-3), the bottom surface upper end of phase transformation tank bracket (2) For frame structure;
The phase transformation tank (4) is rounded cylindrical, is equipped with one layer of ceramics in phase transformation tank (4), is filled with phase transformation material in phase transformation tank (4) Expect (5), phase transformation cover is screwed on phase transformation tank (4);
The lower section of (3) one lateral body of fuel tank is equipped with oil outlet (3-1), is equipped with oil inlet pipe (3- in the top of (3) one lateral body of fuel tank 2), the external lower section of oil inlet (3-3) setting fuel tank (3) of oil inlet pipe (3-2), is equipped with valve (3- on oil inlet pipe (3-2) 4);
Fuel tank (3) setting is equipped with one layer of heat preservation material (8) between fuel tank (3) and shell (1) in shell (1);Fuel tank (3) oil outlet (3-1) and oil inlet (3-3) stretches out shell (1) outside by thermal insulation material (8) respectively;
The phase transformation tank bracket (2) is arranged in fuel tank (3) interior bottom, divides on several circular holes (2-1) in phase transformation tank bracket (2) face Not She Zhi a phase transformation tank (4), the gap mid-game between several phase transformation tanks (4) fills heat exchange coil (6), the heat of heat exchange coil (6) Water inlet (6-1) and hot water outlet (6-2) pass sequentially through fuel tank (3) respectively and thermal insulation material (8) stretches out shell (1) outside, hot water Import (6-1) and hot water outlet (6-2) and fuel tank (3) body are tightly connected;
Several electric heating tubes (7) are equipped between the several supports (2-3) in phase transformation tank bracket (2) lower section, several electric heating tubes (7) Terminals pass sequentially through fuel tank (3) and thermal insulation material (8) stretches out shell (1) outside, the terminals and fuel tank of several electric heating tubes (7) (3) body is tightly connected, and is provided with conduction oil in fuel tank (3), and fuel tank cap is fixed on fuel tank (3), is equipped with and is deflated in fuel tank cap Valve (3-5), casing cover are fixed on shell (1);
Several solar thermal collector (9) series connection, first solar thermal collector (9) flowline is by collection hot recycle pump (10) and too Positive energy accumulation of heat cabin oil inlet (3-3) connects, solar thermal collector (9) inflow pipeline and solar heat-preservation cabin oil outlet of tail end (3-1) connection, several radiator (12) series connection, solar heat-preservation cabin hot water outlet (6-2) pipeline pass through heating circulating pump (11) It is connect with the import of first radiator (12), radiator (12) outlet conduit and the hot hot water inlet in solar heat-preservation cabin of tail end (6-1) connection.
2. a kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the phase-change material (5) is Water, calcium chloride and inorganic salts composite phase-change material.
CN201920013208.5U 2019-01-04 2019-01-04 A kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy Active CN209495388U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920013208.5U CN209495388U (en) 2019-01-04 2019-01-04 A kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920013208.5U CN209495388U (en) 2019-01-04 2019-01-04 A kind of accumulation of heat cabin for solar energy

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209495388U true CN209495388U (en) 2019-10-15

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209495388U (en)

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