CN209413187U - A kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board - Google Patents

A kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209413187U
CN209413187U CN201821793989.6U CN201821793989U CN209413187U CN 209413187 U CN209413187 U CN 209413187U CN 201821793989 U CN201821793989 U CN 201821793989U CN 209413187 U CN209413187 U CN 209413187U
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mortar layer
light mortar
layer
heat preservation
composite fireproof
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薛宙
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Xiangyang Yitan Yitong Energy Saving Building Materials Co Ltd
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Xiangyang Yitan Yitong Energy Saving Building Materials Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation boards, comprising: the first light mortar layer, the second light mortar layer, and the heat insulation core material layer being set between the first light mortar layer and the second light mortar layer;First light mortar layer with construction wall outer surface for being bonded, and the thickness of the first light mortar layer is less than the second light mortar layer;The adhesive surface of heat insulation core material layer and the first light mortar layer and the second light mortar layer is equipped at least one for increasing the shallow slot of tensile bond strength;The utility model is designed by setting the structure for the composite insulation boards that six bread of heat insulation core material layer are wrapped up in asymmetrical inorganic screed, reaches the beneficial effect that heat insulation effect is good, fire protecting performance is strong, and is saved material, is simple to manufacture.

Description

A kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board
Technical field
The utility model relates to thermal insulation material technical field, more particularly to a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board.
Background technique
Currently, insulating board for building is widely used in the heat preservation protection of building body periphery, architecture enclosing structural thickness can be reduced, To increase indoor usable floor area.Existing 75% or more building thermal insulation material is combustable organic material, such as EPS, XPS, PU Deng.The energy-saving effect of these materials is preferable, and thermal coefficient is low, system application relative maturity.Inorganic heat insulation material is also answered at present With, such as rock wool, mineral wool, perlite etc..These materials are A grades of incombustible materials, highly-safe.
But the use of organic insulation material and inorganic heat insulation material is also at awkward condition: organic insulation material is deposited The smog mostly big disadvantage with smoke toxicity in poor safety performance, burning;Though inorganic heat insulation material is not easy on fire, its heat insulating ability Energy is poor, water absorption rate is big, density is high, cost is also higher, and it is big to promote difficulty.That is, organic insulation material good heat insulating, but Poor safety performance;Inorganic heat insulation material has a safety feature, but poor thermal insulation property.Moreover, with recent years, because thermal insulation material draws The fire risen is at growth trend year by year, so the Ministry of Public Security, house and town and country construction portion have all promulgated some files, for thermal insulating material The performance of material has carried out stringent regulation.
Therefore, how to provide a kind of good heat insulating and the strong composite insulation boards of fire protecting performance is those skilled in the art The problem of urgent need to resolve.
Utility model content
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation boards, can be realized good heat insulating and prevent fires The strong excellent effect of performance.
To achieve the goals above, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:
The utility model provides a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board, comprising: the first light mortar layer, the second light mortar Layer, and the heat insulation core material layer being set between the first light mortar layer and the second light mortar layer;
For the first light mortar layer for being bonded with construction wall outer surface, the thickness of the first light mortar layer is small In the thickness of the second light mortar layer;
The adhesive surface of the heat insulation core material layer and the first light mortar layer and the second light mortar layer is equipped with At least one for increasing the shallow slot of tensile bond strength.
Through the above technical solutions, the utility model is using the good heat insulation core material layer of heat insulation effect as internal layer, Yi Jifang The good inorganic screed of fiery effect ensure that heat preservation and flameproof effect as outer layer;And the composite insulation boards are using non-right Claim structure, relatively thin inorganic screed pastes wall, and thicker inorganic screed is exposed, while can satisfy the resistance of the fire prevention inside and outside wall Combustion requires;It is provided with shallow slot on its heat insulation core material layer, conducive to the smearing of inorganic screed, it is strong stretch-bonded can be further increased Degree, inorganic screed improve fire-proof function, intensity and the thermal insulation property of composite insulation boards.
Preferably, further include scrim layer in a kind of above-mentioned composite fireproof heat preservation board, the heat insulation core material layer with it is described The scrim layer is provided between first light mortar layer and the second light mortar layer.Grid cloth can be fine for glass fiber Tie up grid cloth, also known as alkaline-resisting grid cloth, with the features such as stable structure, intensity is high, and alkaline resistance properties is good, anti-corrosion, cracking resistance, enhancing Effect is best, and construction is simple, easy.
Alkaline-resisting grid cloth can improve the mechanical strength of inorganic screed, guarantee the drag continuity of composite insulation boards, dispersion The systolic pressure and heat preservation stress of inorganic screed, avoid stress from concentrating, resist the variation of nature epidemic disaster and accidental impact institute The problems such as caused composite insulation boards crack.
Grid cloth can also be hot galvanizing electrowelding net, also known as hot-galvanized steel silk screen, and the service life is permanent, antiseptic property is strong, together Sample can also increase the intensity of composite insulation boards, can play the role of moisture resistance heat preservation, can be obviously reduced expand with heat and contract with cold for The toughness of the destruction of wall, another aspect hot galvanizing electrowelding net is also stronger than same specification steel wire, can effectively increase composite insulation boards Intensity, further decrease the cracking risk of composite insulation boards.
The selection of above-mentioned grid cloth needs to meet the existing External Thermal Insulation Technology for External mark of country by taking glass fiber net as an example Quasi- JC/T 841-2007: wherein glass fiber grid cloth is through cannot be less than 750N/ to the alkaline-resisting tension failure strength of broadwise 50mm, alkaline-resisting tension failure strength retention cannot be less than 50%, weight per square meter >=130 gram.And JG158-2004 glass For net through cannot be less than 1250N/50mm to the alkaline-resisting tension failure strength of broadwise, alkaline-resisting tension failure strength retention must not be small In 90%, weight per square meter >=160 gram.
Size length × width according to Specific construction demand, such as composite insulation boards is 600 × 300mm, can be by the depth of shallow slot Degree is set as 2mm, and width is set as 3mm, and length direction can be placed equidistant with 3 grooves, width direction can be placed equidistant with 2 grooves, can Reach and meets the existing External Thermal Insulation Technology for External standard of country.
Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned composite fireproof heat preservation board, the thickness of the first light mortar layer is at least not less than 3mm.When thickness is more than or equal to 3mm, the sprawling of the internal intensity of a fire can be effectively prevented, and the optimal thickness of the utility model is 3- 5mm had not only played good flameproof effect, but also can reduce the integral thickness of composite insulation boards.
Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned composite fireproof heat preservation board, the thickness of the second light mortar layer is at least not less than 8mm.When thickness is more than or equal to 8mm, the sprawling of the external intensity of a fire can be effectively prevented, and the optimal thickness of the utility model is 8- 12mm had not only played good flameproof effect, but also can reduce the integral thickness of composite insulation boards.
Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned composite fireproof heat preservation board, the first light mortar layer and the second lightweight sand The material for preparing of pulp layer includes but is not limited to glass bead, mineral fibres, inorganic coagulation material, cement, silicon ash, cellulose, treasure Mixture slurry made of one of Zhu Yan, vermiculite, gypsum or multiple material.The slurry fire prevention being mixed by above-mentioned material Effect is good, structural strength is excellent.
Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned composite fireproof heat preservation board, the heat insulation core material layer is that hard-foam polyurethane plate, XPS are squeezed Mould plate, eps foam plate, phenolic board or rock wool board.By taking polyurethane sheet as an example, mechanical strength with higher, oxidation stability, Water resistance and fire resistance need to meet polyurethane and execute standard GB/T 19250-2013 or JG/T 420-2013;
XPS extruded sheet: the full name of XPS (extruded polystyrene) is extrusion molding polystyrene polyfoam.It is common National standard be GB T 10801.2-2002 " insulation use molded polystyrene foams plastics (XPS) ".It is with excellent guarantor Warm thermal insulation, High-strength compression resistant, stability, anti-corrosive properties, and product environmental protection.
Phenolic board has good fire protecting performance and thermal insulation property, meets " phenol formaldehyde foam plate thin plastering exterior wall external thermal insulation system Commons material " product standards for construction industry JG/T 515-2017.
Rock wool board has the characteristics that light weight, thermal coefficient are small, absorb heat, is non-ignitable, needs to meet rock wool board used for building exterior wall National standard GB/T25975-2010.
In addition to the above-mentioned type, heat insulation core material layer may be vacuum heat-insulating plate, aerogel heat-insulating plate, extruded polystyrene board, bright Up to inanimate matter macromolecule plate, graphite polystyrene board, Ya Shizhen golden plate, common expansion polyphenyl plate, modified EPS plate, composite aluminium-magnesium-silicate Heat-insulating material, HX isolated fireproof heat insulation plate, polyphenyl particle heat-insulating mortar, foam glass board, fibre reinforced composites heat preservation Plate, cement board, expanded and vitrified small ball inorganic heat-insulation board, expansion vitrification bead heat-preserving mortar, foamed ceramic plate and foam are mixed Solidifying soil.
It can be seen via above technical scheme that compared with prior art, the utility model disclose provide it is a kind of compound anti- Fiery insulation board, has the advantages that
1, using the good heat insulation core material layer of the heat insulation effect inorganic screed good as internal layer and flameproof effect as outer Layer, and it is designed as unsymmetric structure, relatively thin inorganic screed pastes wall, and thicker inorganic screed is exposed, can satisfy simultaneously Fire protection flame retarding requirement inside and outside wall, is effectively utilized the heat preservation advantage of heat insulation core material layer and the fire prevention advantage of inorganic screed, It is integrally improved the heat insulating ability and fire line of composite insulation boards, and saves material;
2, it is provided with shallow slot on heat insulation core material layer, conducive to the smearing of inorganic screed, it is strong stretch-bonded can be further increased Degree, inorganic screed improve fire-proof function, intensity and the thermal insulation property of composite insulation boards.
3, the light mortar layer that there are composite insulation boards of the invention six bread to wrap up in, can play six face fireproof effects, When stacking at the scene, have the advantages that completely cut off fire source, security performance is high.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only It is the embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, also Other attached drawings can be obtained according to the attached drawing of offer.
Fig. 1 attached drawing is the structural schematic diagram of composite insulation boards provided by the utility model;
Fig. 2 attached drawing is the structural schematic diagram of the organic face core material raw sheet A segmentation fluting provided by the utility model;
Fig. 3 attached drawing is the structural schematic diagram of organic core material raw sheet A face shallow slot processing provided by the utility model;
Fig. 4 attached drawing is the structural schematic diagram of the organic face core material raw sheet B segmentation fluting provided by the utility model;
Fig. 5 attached drawing is the structural schematic diagram of organic core material raw sheet B face shallow slot processing provided by the utility model.
Wherein:
1 is the first light mortar layer, and 2 be the second light mortar layer, and 3 be heat insulation core material layer, and 31 be shallow slot, and 4 be grid cloth Layer, 5 be organic core material raw sheet, and 51 be translot a, and 52 be vertical slot a, and 53 be shallow slot a, and 54 be translot b, and 55 be vertical slot b, and 56 be shallow slot b。
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
Referring to attached drawing 1, the utility model embodiment discloses a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board, comprising: the first light mortar The 1, second light mortar layer 2 of layer, and the heat insulation core material being set between the first light mortar layer 1 and the second light mortar layer 2 Layer 3;
First light mortar layer 1 with construction wall outer surface for being bonded, and the thickness of the first light mortar layer 1 is less than second The thickness of light mortar layer 2;
The adhesive surface of heat insulation core material layer 3 and the first light mortar layer 1 and the second light mortar layer 2 is equipped at least one and uses In the shallow slot 31 for increasing tensile bond strength.
It in order to further optimize the above technical scheme, further include scrim layer 4, heat insulation core material layer 3 and the first light mortar Scrim layer 4 is provided between layer 1 and the second light mortar layer 2.
In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, the thickness of the first light mortar layer 1 is at least not less than 3mm.
In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, the optimal thickness of the first light mortar layer 1 is 3-5mm.
In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, the thickness of the second light mortar layer 2 is at least not less than 8mm.
In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, the optimal thickness of the second light mortar layer 2 is 8-12mm.
In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, the thickness of heat insulation core material layer 3 is in 20-55mm.
In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, the first light mortar layer 1 and the second light mortar layer 2 prepare material Including but not limited to glass bead, mineral fibres, inorganic coagulation material, cement, silicon ash, cellulose, perlite, vermiculite, gypsum One of or multiple material made of mixture slurry.
In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, heat insulation core material layer 3 is hard-foam polyurethane plate, XPS extruded sheet, EPS bubble Foam plate, phenolic board or rock wool board.
It should be noted that inorganic screed is equally wrapped up in each face of the surrounding of this composite insulation boards.
Referring to attached drawing 1 to attached drawing 5, the production method of composite insulation boards provided by the utility model are as follows: one piece of offer is organic Core material raw sheet 5 is partitioned into several heat insulation core material layers 3 on organic core material raw sheet 5, by the two sides of organic 5 plate face of core material raw sheet It is divided into the face A and the face B, specifically includes the following steps:
The face A segmentation fluting: step 1 equidistantly opens up several translot a51 and vertical slot a52, translot a51 and vertical slot in the face A A52 is vertical, the face A of several translots a51 and the organic core material raw sheet 5 of vertical slot a52 cross-partition, and forms several heat insulation core materials The thickness for opening up depth and being no more than organic core material raw sheet 5 of the plate face of layer 3, translot a51 and vertical slot a52;
Step 2, the processing of the face A shallow slot: any direction in the face A equidistantly opens up several shallow slot a53, and guarantees every piece At least formed with a shallow slot a53 in the plate face of heat insulation core material layer 3;
A surface grids cloth bonding: step 3 uniformly brushes bonding lotion in the face A, and grid cloth covering is bonded in the face A table Face forms scrim layer 4, and brushes bonding lotion again on scrim layer 4;
The inorganic slurry brushing of the face A: step 4 in the face A brushing inorganic slurry, translot a51, vertical slot a52 and shallow slot a53 is filled out It is flat, and form the first light mortar layer 1 that thickness is not less than 3mm;
Step 5, static drying;
The face B segmentation fluting: step 6 equidistantly opens up several translot b54 and vertical slot b55, translot b54 and translot in the face B The position of a51 is corresponding, and the position of vertical slot b55 and vertical slot a52 are corresponding, several translots b54 and vertical slot b55 cross-partition have machine core The face B of material raw sheet 5, and form the plate face of several heat insulation core material layers 3, translot b54 open up depth and translot a51 open up depth The sum of degree is equal to the thickness of organic core material raw sheet 5, and the sum for opening up depth for opening up depth and vertical slot a52 of vertical slot b55 is equal to having The thickness of machine core material raw sheet 5;
Step 7, the processing of the face B shallow slot: any direction in the face B equidistantly opens up several shallow slot b56, and guarantees every piece At least formed with a shallow slot b56 in the plate face of heat insulation core material layer 3;
B surface grids cloth bonding: step 8 uniformly brushes bonding lotion in the face B, and grid cloth covering is bonded in the face B table Face forms scrim layer 4, and brushes bonding lotion again on scrim layer 4;
The inorganic slurry brushing of the face B: step 9 in the face B brushing inorganic slurry, translot b54, vertical slot b55 and shallow slot b56 is filled out It is flat, and the second light mortar layer 2 that thickness is not less than 8mm is formed, and the thickness of the second light mortar layer 2 is greater than the first lightweight sand The thickness of pulp layer 1;
Step 10, static drying;
Step 11, wet cutting: along the medium line of translot a51 and vertical slot a52 or the centre of translot b54 and vertical slot b55 The wet cutting of line is divided into the insulation board that several pieces of six bread wrap up in inorganic mortar.
It should be understood that
Translot a51, translot b54, vertical slot a52 and vertical slot b55 width be not less than 5mm, and be best with 5mm.
In step 5 and step 10, static drying time is not less than 72 hours.
After step 11, indoor maintenance is carried out to insulation board, the time is no less than 28 days, and first 7 days avoid being exposed to the sun.
Each embodiment in this specification is described in a progressive manner, the highlights of each of the examples are with other The difference of embodiment, the same or similar parts in each embodiment may refer to each other.For device disclosed in embodiment For, since it is corresponded to the methods disclosed in the examples, so being described relatively simple, related place is said referring to method part It is bright.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments can be realized professional and technical personnel in the field or using originally practical new Type.Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and determine herein The General Principle of justice can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present utility model.Cause This, the present invention will not be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and principles disclosed herein The widest scope consistent with features of novelty.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board characterized by comprising the first light mortar layer (1), the second light mortar layer (2), And it is set to the heat insulation core material layer (3) between the first light mortar layer (1) and the second light mortar layer (2);
The first light mortar layer (1) with construction wall outer surface for being bonded, the thickness of the first light mortar layer (1) Less than the thickness of the second light mortar layer (2);
On the adhesive surface of the heat insulation core material layer (3) and the first light mortar layer (1) and the second light mortar layer (2) Equipped at least one for increasing the shallow slot (31) of tensile bond strength.
2. a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it further include scrim layer (4), it is described The net is provided between heat insulation core material layer (3) and the first light mortar layer (1) and the second light mortar layer (2) Scrim layer (4).
3. a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the scrim layer (4) is glass Silk fiber scrim layer or hot galvanizing electrowelding net.
4. a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first light mortar layer (1) Thickness be at least not less than 3mm.
5. a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the first light mortar layer (1) Thickness between 3-5mm.
6. a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the second light mortar layer (2) Thickness be at least not less than 8mm.
7. a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the second light mortar layer (2) Thickness between 8-12mm.
8. a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board described in any one of -4 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first lightweight Screed (1) and the second light mortar layer (2) prepare material include but is not limited to glass bead, it is mineral fibres, inorganic Mixture slurry made of one of cementitious material, cement, silicon ash, cellulose, perlite, vermiculite, gypsum or multiple material.
9. a kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board described in any one of -4 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the heat insulation core material Layer (3) is hard-foam polyurethane plate, XPS extruded sheet, eps foam plate, phenolic board or rock wool board.
CN201821793989.6U 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 A kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board Active CN209413187U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821793989.6U CN209413187U (en) 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 A kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821793989.6U CN209413187U (en) 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 A kind of composite fireproof heat preservation board

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209413187U true CN209413187U (en) 2019-09-20

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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