CN209334719U - Metal powder continuously extruding and molding device - Google Patents

Metal powder continuously extruding and molding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209334719U
CN209334719U CN201822183070.1U CN201822183070U CN209334719U CN 209334719 U CN209334719 U CN 209334719U CN 201822183070 U CN201822183070 U CN 201822183070U CN 209334719 U CN209334719 U CN 209334719U
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China
Prior art keywords
mold
block
slide plate
metal powder
continuous extruder
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CN201822183070.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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赵方
赵清秀
胡晓峰
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Dalian Shuo Pml Precision Mechanism Ltd
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Dalian Shuo Pml Precision Mechanism Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of metal powder continuously extruding and molding devices, including block-making machine, block conveying device, the first continuous extruder, the second continuous extruder and product collecting device.Metal powder continuously extruding and molding device tool described in the utility model is realized from metal powder to the continuous production for being continuously extruded into finished product, particularly with the continuous metal product of long length, it realizes and is continuously produced with metal powder, greatly increased the production efficiency, reduce production cost;Clamp dog process is not necessarily to high temperature sintering, more energy saving compared to traditional fabrication particulate material or the technique of bar material, ensure that the performance of material.

Description

Metal powder continuously extruding and molding device
Technical field
The utility model relates to metal working technical areas, and in particular to a kind of metal powder continuously extruding and molding device.
Background technique
Traditional metal powder metallurgy is to pass through compression moulding, sintering and necessary using various metal powders as raw material Subsequent processing is come the technique that manufactures finished product and metal material.When the 1930s, metal powder metallurgy technique is successfully produced Stephanoporate oil-retaining bearing, with the utilization of cheap iron powder, powder metallurgical technique starts to answer in industrial circles such as automobile, weavings on a large scale With.In recent years, the processing method that metal powder metallurgy is increasingly becoming manufacture new material.The detailed process of powder metallurgy are as follows: the Raw material powder is produced and prepared to one step, this powder can be pure metal, nonmetallic, metallic compound and other compounds;The Two steps are pressed into shape needed for finished product according to product design mold, by powder;It is finally sintering, molding.Continuously extruded is coloured Metal, steel material production and part production, one of main production process of forming parts processing and various composite materials, The important method of the advanced materials such as dusty material preparation and processing.It is continuously extruded using particulate material or bar material as blank, ingenious land productivity With the frictional force between deformable metal and tool.As composed by the rectangular cross section slot and fixed die holder in the extruding wheel that rotates Extrusion cylinder in common extrusion is played the role of in circular passage, continuous by means of the frictional force on cell wall when extruding wheel rotation Rod-shaped blank is sent into and is realized continuously extruded by ground.The frictional heating of blank and tool surfaces is more significant when continuously extruded, because This, is not required to carry out the external temperature rising 400~500 heated and can make deformed area for low-melting-point metal such as aluminium and aluminium alloy DEG C and realize hot extrusion.It needs, is used widely although traditional handicraft solves many productions.But as industry is advanced by leaps and bounds Development, the requirement to raw material is also higher and higher, and traditional manufacturing technique is no longer satisfied the requirement of modernization industry.Due to Particulate material or bar material are blank, and the prior art can not directly carry out continuous extrusion production by raw material of powder.
Utility model content
The it is proposed of the utility model in view of the above problems, and a kind of metal powder continuously extruding and molding device of researching and designing. The technological means that the utility model uses is as follows:
A kind of metal powder continuously extruding and molding device, including block-making machine, block conveying device, the first continuous extruder, Second continuous extruder and product collecting device, the block conveying device be set to block-making machine and the first continuous extruder it Between, for metal block made from block-making machine to be delivered to the first continuous extruder, the object of the first continuous extruder output Material enters the second continuous extruder, and the material of the second continuous extruder output enters product collecting machine and is collected, described Block-making machine includes mutually matched formed punch and mold.
Further, anti-oxidation heating device is equipped between first continuous extruder and the second continuous extruder.
Further, the block-making machine includes formed punch, mold, feed hopper, the first slide plate, the second slide plate and bottom plate, described Formed punch is matched with mold, and the mold is equipped with the inner hole for running through mold up and down, and the mold is fixed on the first slide plate, institute Stating the first slide plate and capable of sliding on bottom plate enables mold to move back and forth below feed hopper and below formed punch, and second slide plate is set It is placed in the lower section of the first slide plate, position is corresponding with formed punch, and second slide plate is equipped with material block and falls channel, second slide plate It can slide to drive on bottom plate and expect that block falls the mobile bottom for controlling the inner hole in turn in channel and opens and close, the block is defeated The lower section for sending device to be located at the second slide plate.
Further, the block-making machine includes the first feed hopper, the second feed hopper, the first mold and the second mold, described First mold and the first feed hopper position to it is corresponding when the second mold and formed punch position it is corresponding, second mold and second into Bucket location is corresponding with the position of formed punch to the first mold when corresponding to.
Further, the glide direction of first slide plate and the second slide plate is mutually perpendicular to.
Compared with the prior art, metal powder continuously extruding and molding device described in the utility model has the advantage that
1, it realizes from metal powder to the continuous production for being continuously extruded into finished product, particularly with the continuous metal of long length The advantages of product is realized and continuously produced with metal powder, and powder metallurgy and continual extruding technology have been had both, greatly improves life Efficiency is produced, production cost is reduced;
2, clamp dog process is not necessarily to high temperature sintering, is physical change process, compared to traditional fabrication particulate material or the technique of bar material, It is more energy saving, and material will not aoxidize during clamp dog, ensure that the performance of material.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of continuously extruding and molding device described in the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1 (without material conveying pipe and metal powder feed bin).
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram (broken section) of block-making machine described in the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 4 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 3.
Specific embodiment
A kind of metal powder continuously extruding and molding method, comprising the following steps:
A. metal powder is squeezed, metal charge block is made, extruding force does not have particular/special requirement, as long as can be metal powder It squeezes blocking;
B. primary Contoured squeeze is carried out to the metal charge block using the first continuous extruder, squeezed as primary shapes;
C. primary shapes are squeezed using the second continuous extruder, forms product piece.
In step a, squeeze pressure 400-600MPa, squeeze it is blocking after that metal charge block is delivered to first is continuously extruded Machine, the primary shapes that the first continuous extruder squeezes are delivered to the second continuous extruder and are pressed further by, first The primary shapes are subjected to anti-oxidation heating between continuous extruder and the second continuous extruder.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of metal powder continuously extruding and molding device, including block-making machine 1, block conveying device 2, the first continuous extruder 3, the second continuous extruder 4 and product collecting device 5, the block conveying device 2 are set to clamp dog Between machine 1 and the first continuous extruder 3, for metal block made from block-making machine 1 to be delivered to the first continuous extruder 3, institute The material for stating 3 output of the first continuous extruder enters the second continuous extruder 4, the material of 4 output of the second continuous extruder It is collected into product collecting machine 5, the block-making machine 1 includes mutually matched formed punch and mold.The company that the present embodiment uses Continuous extruder is SGJY350-00-00 continuous extruder, for mature type in the prior art.First continuous extruder 3 And second be equipped with anti-oxidation heating device 6 between continuous extruder 4, it is existing skill that anti-oxidation heating device 6, which is electric heater unit, Art.Metal powder continuously extruding and molding device described in the present embodiment includes two block-making machines 1 in parallel, synchronous to carry out clamp dog, The raw material of two block-making machines is all from metal powder feed bin 7, and two block-making machines pass through material conveying pipe 8 and metal powder material Storehouse 7 is connected.
As shown in Figures 3 to 5, the block-making machine 1 include formed punch 101, mold 102, feed hopper 103, the first slide plate 104, Second slide plate 105 and bottom plate 106, the formed punch 101 are matched with mold 102, and the mold 102 is equipped with runs through mold up and down Inner hole 107, the inner hole 107 is configured according to the shape of required material block, and the mold 102 is fixed on the first slide plate 104 On, first slide plate 104 can slide on bottom plate 106 keeps mold 102 past below feed hopper 103 and below formed punch 101 Multiple mobile, second slide plate 105 is set to the lower section of the first slide plate 104, and position is corresponding with formed punch 101, second slide plate 105, which are equipped with material block, falls channel 108, and second slide plate 105, which can slide on bottom plate 106 and then control block, falls channel 108 with the connection of the inner hole 107 whether, the crawler belt of the block conveying device 2 is located at the lower section of the second slide plate 105.It is described Formed punch 101, the first slide plate 104 and the second slide plate 105 are equipped with respective driving device, in the present embodiment, the formed punch 101 It is driven by first hydraulic cylinder 109, five formed punches 101 are fixed on sliding block 110 in a column, and the sliding block 110 can be led along vertical It is slided to bar 111, the guide rod 111 is fixed on top plate 112, and the top plate 112 is supported on bottom plate by support column 113 On 106.The bottom plate 106 is equipped with the first slideway 114, and first slide plate 104 is driven sliding first by second hydraulic cylinder 115 It moves reciprocatingly on road 114, the orientation of the direction of motion of first slide plate 104 perpendicular to formed punch 101.The bottom plate Be additionally provided with the second slideway 116 on 106, second slide plate 105 driven from third hydraulic cylinder 117 done on the second slideway 116 toward Multiple to move, in the present embodiment, the second slideway 116 is the shaped opening being arranged on bottom plate 106, so that block falls channel 108 It is connected to the inner hole 107 of mold 102, block is enable to fall in the block conveying device 2 of lower section.Second slide plate 105 Glide direction it is parallel with the orientation of formed punch 101.That is, the sliding of first slide plate 104 and the second slide plate 105 Direction is mutually perpendicular to, and keeps equipment more compact, space needed for saving production.
The block-making machine 1 include two feed hoppers 103, respectively the first feed hopper 103 ', the second feed hopper 103 ", accordingly Ground, including two molds 102, respectively the first mold 102 ' and the second mold 102 ", first mold 102 ' and first into 103 ' position of hopper is corresponding with the position of formed punch 101 to the second mold 102 " when corresponding to, and the first mold 102 ' carries out metal powder at this time Last material loads, and the second mold 102 " carries out extruding clamp dog, and the second slide plate 105 seals the bottom of inner hole 107 at this time, and first is hydraulic Cylinder 109 drives formed punch to move down carry out punching press, and when being stamped into, pressure switch movement stops punching press, and at this moment, the second slide plate 105 moves It is dynamic, make to expect that block falls channel 108 and is connected to inner hole 107, opens the bottom of inner hole 107, at this moment first hydraulic cylinder 109 receives letter Number, start second of punching press, will material block stamp out mold, by expect block fall channel 108 fall to lower section crawler belt on it is defeated It sees off.Second mold 102 " and 103 " position of the second feed hopper to it is corresponding when the first mold 102 ' and formed punch position it is corresponding, The second mold 102 " carries out metal powder material loading at this time, and the first mold 102 ' carries out extruding clamp dog, and detailed process is same as above institute It states.First mold 102 ' and the second mold 102 " alternately cooperate, and realize the continuous operation of clamp dog process, improve clamp dog efficiency.
Device described in the present embodiment can be automatically controled, the operation speed of feeding speed, heating temperature and continuous extrusion apparatus Degree synchronizes, and links.The asynchronism for avoiding production line simplifies the operation of production line, and production line automatically continuously produces, It saves labour turnover, while optimizing product quality.
Embodiment described above is only that preferred embodiments of the present invention are described, not practical to this Novel range is defined, and under the premise of not departing from the spirit of the design of the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are to this The various changes and improvements that the technical solution of utility model is made should all fall into the protection that the utility model claims book determines In range.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of metal powder continuously extruding and molding device, which is characterized in that connect including block-making machine, block conveying device, first Continuous extruder, the second continuous extruder and product collecting device, the block conveying device are set to block-making machine and first continuously Between extruder, for metal block made from block-making machine to be delivered to the first continuous extruder, first continuous extruder The material of output enters the second continuous extruder, and the material of the second continuous extruder output enters product collecting machine and received Collection, the block-making machine includes mutually matched formed punch and mold.
2. metal powder continuously extruding and molding device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described first is continuously extruded Anti-oxidation heating device is equipped between machine and the second continuous extruder.
3. metal powder continuously extruding and molding device according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the block-making machine packet Formed punch, mold, feed hopper, the first slide plate, the second slide plate and bottom plate are included, the formed punch is matched with mold, is set on the mold There is the inner hole for running through mold up and down, the mold is fixed on the first slide plate, and first slide plate can slide on bottom plate makes mould Tool can move back and forth below feed hopper and below formed punch, and second slide plate is set to the lower section of the first slide plate, position and punching Head is corresponding, and second slide plate is equipped with material block and falls channel, and second slide plate can slide drive material block on bottom plate and fall Channel is mobile and then controls the bottom of inner hole opening and closes, and the block conveying device is located at the lower section of the second slide plate.
4. metal powder continuously extruding and molding device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the block-making machine includes the One feed hopper, the second feed hopper, the first mold and the second mold, first mold and the first feed hopper position to it is corresponding when Two molds are corresponding with the position of formed punch, second mold and the second feed hopper position to it is corresponding when the first mold and formed punch position Set correspondence.
5. metal powder continuously extruding and molding device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that first slide plate and The glide direction of two slide plates is mutually perpendicular to.
CN201822183070.1U 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 Metal powder continuously extruding and molding device Active CN209334719U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822183070.1U CN209334719U (en) 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 Metal powder continuously extruding and molding device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822183070.1U CN209334719U (en) 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 Metal powder continuously extruding and molding device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209334719U true CN209334719U (en) 2019-09-03

Family

ID=67758778

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201822183070.1U Active CN209334719U (en) 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 Metal powder continuously extruding and molding device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209334719U (en)

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